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Mortalidade materna: uma análise da utilização de listas de causas presumíveis ; Maternal mortality: an analysis of the utilization of a list of presumable causes

Bonciani, Rosa Dalva Faustinone
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/11/2006 PT
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66.45%
Comitês de Mortalidade Materna, que não investigam todos os óbitos de mulheres de 10 a 49 anos, utilizam lista de causas presumíveis de morte materna para a busca ativa de causas maternas de óbito. Mediante dados do Comitê de Estudo e Prevenção da Mortalidade Materna, para o Município de São Paulo (CMMSP), e do “Estudo de mortalidade de mulheres de 10 a 49 anos, com ênfase na mortalidade materna”, realizado nas capitais de estados brasileiros e Distrito Federal (GPP), analisou-se a utilização da lista de causas presumíveis do Manual dos Comitês de Mortalidade Materna do Ministério da Saúde. Conforme investigação do CMMSP, em relação às causas maternas declaradas em 2001, houve um acréscimo de 72,7% de causas maternas. A análise dos dados com a utilização da lista mostrou que 39,4% eram causas maternas presumíveis e 33,3% não eram causas presumíveis. Entre as Declarações de Óbito (D.O.) originais do primeiro semestre de 2002, do estudo do GPP, em que causas maternas não estavam declaradas e se tornaram causas maternas, verificou-se que 52,6% eram presumíveis e 47,4% não eram presumíveis. Quanto à variável da D.O., que informa se a mulher estava grávida no momento da morte, ou esteve grávida nos doze meses que antecederam a morte...

Mortalidade materna no município de São Paulo, 2000 a 2008; Maternal Mortality in the city of São Paulo, 2000 to 2008

Zacarias, Tatiane Sano Furukawa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/02/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Introdução: A mortalidade materna é um grande problema de Saúde Pública no Brasil e no mundo. Atinge muitas mulheres e representa um indicador de pobreza e iniquidade social. Objetivo: Analisar as mortes maternas ocorridas no município de São Paulo em uma série histórica de 2000 a 2008. Métodos: Estudo ecológico, que analisou os óbitos maternos ocorridos em residentes do município de São Paulo entre os anos de 2000 a 2008. Foram utilizados dados das Declarações de Óbito e dos relatórios do Comitê de Mortalidade Materna. O mapa de exclusão/inclusão social e as áreas homogêneas dos 96 distritos administrativos foram utilizados como unidades de análise. Foram calculadas as razões de mortalidade materna, o percentual de subnotificação de causas maternas declaradas e fator de correção. Foram analisadas as causas que ocultavam os óbitos maternos. A análise de tendência da mortalidade para o município foi realizada por meio de modelos de regressão polinomial e a para análise de correlação utilizou-se o teste de correlação de Pearson. Foi considerado o nível de significância de 5 por cento (p<0,05). Para análise do preenchimento das variáveis 43 e 44, as Declarações de óbito foram localizadas no arquivo morto da Prefeitura Municipal. Resultados: Ocorreram 877 óbitos. A Razão de Mortalidade Materna (RMM) foi de 53...

Intergenerational impacts of maternal mortality: Qualitative findings from rural Malawi

Bazile, Junior; Rigodon, Jonas; Berman, Leslie; Boulanger, Vanessa M; Maistrellis, Emily; Kausiwa, Pilira; Yamin, Alicia Ely
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Background: Maternal mortality, although largely preventable, remains unacceptably high in developing countries such as Malawi and creates a number of intergenerational impacts. Few studies have investigated the far-reaching impacts of maternal death beyond infant survival. This study demonstrates the short- and long-term impacts of maternal death on children, families, and the community in order to raise awareness of the true costs of maternal mortality and poor maternal health care in Neno, a rural and remote district in Malawi. Methods: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted to assess the impact of maternal mortality on child, family, and community well-being. We conducted 20 key informant interviews, 20 stakeholder interviews, and six sex-stratified focus group discussions in the seven health centers that cover the district. Transcripts were translated, coded, and analyzed in NVivo 10. Results: Participants noted a number of far-reaching impacts on orphaned children, their new caretakers, and extended families following a maternal death. Female relatives typically took on caregiving responsibilities for orphaned children, regardless of the accompanying financial hardship and frequent lack of familial or governmental support. Maternal death exacerbated children’s vulnerabilities to long-term health and social impacts related to nutrition...

The impacts of maternal mortality and cause of death on children’s risk of dying in rural South Africa: evidence from a population based surveillance study (1992-2013)

Houle, Brian; Clark, Samuel J; Kahn, Kathleen; Tollman, Stephen; Yamin, Alicia Ely
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Background: Maternal mortality, the HIV/AIDS pandemic, and child survival are closely linked. This study contributes evidence on the impact of maternal death on children’s risk of dying in an HIV-endemic population in rural South Africa. Methods: We used data for children younger than 10 years from the Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance system (1992 – 2013). We used discrete time event history analysis to estimate children’s risk of dying when they experienced a maternal death compared to children whose mother survived (N=3,740,992 child months). We also examined variation in risk due to cause of maternal death. We defined mother’s survival status as early maternal death (during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of most recent childbirth or identified cause of death), late maternal death (within 43-365 days of most recent childbirth), any other death, and mothers who survived. Results: Children who experienced an early maternal death were at 15 times the risk of dying (RRR 15.2; 95% CI 8.3–27.9) compared to children whose mother survived. Children under 1 month whose mother died an early (p=0.002) maternal death were at increased risk of dying compared to older children. Children whose mothers died of an HIV/AIDS or TB-related early maternal death were at 29 times the risk of dying compared to children with surviving mothers (RRR 29.2; 95% CI 11.7–73.1). The risk of these children dying was significantly higher than those children whose mother died of a HIV/AIDS or TB-related non-maternal death (p=0.017). Conclusions: This study contributes further evidence on the impact of a mother’s death on child survival in a poor...

“Without a mother”: caregivers and community members’ views about the impacts of maternal mortality on families in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Knight, Lucia; Yamin, Alicia Ely
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
Background: Maternal mortality in South Africa is high and a cause for concern especially because the bulk of deaths from maternal causes are preventable. One of the proposed reasons for persistently high maternal mortality is HIV which causes death both indirectly and directly. While there is some evidence for the impact of maternal death on children and families in South Africa, few studies have explored the impacts of maternal mortality on the well-being of the surviving infants, older children and family. This study provides qualitative insight into the consequences of maternal mortality for child and family well-being throughout the life-course. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in rural and peri-urban communities in Vulindlela, KwaZulu-Natal. The sample included 22 families directly affected by maternal mortality, 15 community stakeholders and 7 community focus group discussions. These provided unique and diverse perspectives about the causes, experiences and impacts of maternal mortality. Results and discussion Children left behind were primarily cared for by female family members, even where a father was alive and involved. The financial burden for care and children’s basic needs were largely met through government grants (direct and indirectly targeted at children) and/or through an obligation for the father or his family to assist. The repercussions of losing a mother were felt more by older children for whom it was harder for caregivers to provide educational supervision and emotional or psychological support. Respondents expressed concerns about adolescent’s educational attainment...

Impacts of maternal mortality on living children and families: A qualitative study from Butajira, Ethiopia

Molla, Mitike; Mitiku, Israel; Worku, Alemayehu; Yamin, Alicia Ely
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
Background: The consequences of maternal mortality on orphaned children and the family members who support them are dramatic, especially in countries that have high maternal mortality like Ethiopia. As part of a four country, mixed-methods study (Ethiopia, Malawi, South Africa, and Tanzania) qualitative data were collected in Butajira, Ethiopia with the aim of exploring the far reaching consequences of maternal deaths on families and children. Methods: We conducted interviews with 28 adult family members of women who died from maternal causes, as well as 13 stakeholders (government officials, civil society, and a UN agency); and held 10 focus group discussions with 87 community members. Data were analyzed using NVivo10 software for qualitative analysis. Results: We found that newborns and children whose mothers died from maternal causes face nutrition deficits, and are less likely to access needed health care than children with living mothers. Older children drop out of school to care for younger siblings and contribute to household and farm labor which may be beyond their capacity and age, and often choose migration in search of better opportunities. Family fragmentation is common following maternal death, leading to tenuous relationships within a household with the births and prioritization of additional children further stretching limited financial resources. Currently...

Indicadores de mortalidade materna em Goiás no período de 1999 a 2005:implicações para a enfermagem; Indicators of maternal mortality in Goiás from 1999 to 2005: Implications for nursing Obstétrica.

RIBEIRO, Lorena de Almeida
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Enfermagem; Cuidado em Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Enfermagem; Cuidado em Enfermagem
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Pregnancy, birth, and postpartum bring alterations to women s body. In such periods, there is a redefinition of their identity, with altered relationship between the couple, within the family as well as with other members in the social context (MINISTÉRIO DA SAÚDE, 2002). The reproductive process was not idealized to end up in maternal death, since this is such a tragic episode which should never occur to women. Aims: to investigate maternal mortality in Goiás from 1999 to 2005; to describe epidemiological characteristics of women who died due to before and after birth complications; to identify the frequency distribution of maternal mortality rates by macroregional of health in Goiás and present the reason for maternal mortality in Goiás State. Method: this is an ecological descriptive epidemiologic study. For the description of maternal death occurring from 1999 to 2005, we identified the epidemiologic characteristics and causes related to this phenomenon, having as variables the place of occurrence, the year, the age, the educational status, race, marital status, causa mortis, and pregnancy-puerperal period in which death has occurred. The born alive rate of was obtained from the SINASC database. Data about the reason for maternal mortality in Goiás and in Brazil was obtained from DATASUS. Outcomes: 348 deaths were found in the sum of respective years. In Goiás...

Maternal Mortality Decline in the Kassena-Nankana District of Northern Ghana

Mills, S.; Williams, J. E.; Wak, G.; Hodgson, A.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
OBJECTIVE: In the absence of an adequate vital registration system in Ghana, the Navrongo demographic surveillance system (NDSS) established in 1993 presents a viable alternative to monitor, in a poor rural district, the UN Millennium Development Goal on maternal health (MDG) of reducing maternal mortality by 75% between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: Of the 518 women aged 12-49 years identified in the NDSS database to have died in the Kassena-Nankana district in the period January 2002-December 2004, spouses or family members completed verbal autopsy interviews for 516 female deaths. RESULT: Of the 516 female deaths, 45 were identified as maternal deaths. 71% of the maternal deaths were attributed to direct maternal causes while 29% were due to indirect maternal causes. Abortion-related deaths were the most frequent cause of maternal deaths. The maternal mortality ratio for the period 2002-2004 was 373 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births indicating a 40% reduction of maternal mortality from the 1995-1996 level of 637 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. However, the health-facility based maternal mortality ratio in the district (which excludes maternal deaths outside health facilities) was 141 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births for the period 2002-2004. CONCLUSION: This district may be on track to achieve the MDG on maternal health. Ultimately...

Reducing Maternal Mortality : Learning from Bolivia, China, Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe

Koblinsky, Marjorie A.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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66.4%
Of the 515,000 maternal deaths that occur every year worldwide, 99 percent take place in developing countries. Women In the developing world have a 1 in 48 chance of dying from pregnancy-related causes; the ratio in industrial countries is 1 in 1,800. Of all the human development indicators, the greatest discrepancy between industrial, and developing countries is in maternal health. The stimulus for this study was the question - Can current program strategies reduce maternal mortality faster that the decades required in the historically successful countries of Malaysia, and Sri Lanka? The answer was no. Based on case studies in seven selected countries, the study stipulates the factor common to all reviewed programs, is the high availability of a provider who is, either a skilled birth attendant, or closely connected with a capable referral system. A second common factor is the high availability of facilities that can provide basic, and essential obstetric care. But, unlike historic successes however, strong government policy now focuses explicitly on safe motherhood...

Moving beyond essential interventions for reduction of maternal mortality (the WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health): a cross-sectional study

Souza, J.; Crowther, C.
Fonte: Lancet Ltd Publicador: Lancet Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
BACKGROUND We report the main findings of the WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health (WHOMCS), which aimed to assess the burden of complications related to pregnancy, the coverage of key maternal health interventions, and use of the maternal severity index (MSI) in a global network of health facilities. METHODS In our cross-sectional study, we included women attending health facilities in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East that dealt with at least 1000 childbirths per year and had the capacity to provide caesarean section. We obtained data from analysis of hospital records for all women giving birth and all women who had a severe maternal outcome (SMO; ie, maternal death or maternal near miss). We regarded coverage of key maternal health interventions as the proportion of the target population who received an indicated intervention (eg, the proportion of women with eclampsia who received magnesium sulphate). We used areas under the receiver operator characteristic curves (AUROC) with 95% CI to externally validate a previously reported MSI as an indicator of severity. We assessed the overall performance of care (ie, the ability to produce a positive effect on health outcomes) through standardised mortality ratios. RESULTS From May 1...

Maternal mortality in Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia and Sri Lanka: a systematic review of local and national policy and practice initatives

McArthur, A.; Lockwood, C.
Fonte: Joanna Briggs Institute Publicador: Joanna Briggs Institute
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
BACKGROUND Maternal mortality remains unacceptably high in many parts of the world today, even though the majority of these deaths are preventable. Between 1990 and 2015, the fifth Millennium Development Goal aspires to reach the goal of reducing maternal mortality by 75%, and in many low-income countries, this ambitious target appears to be beyond reach. OBJECTIVES To systematically review the strategies that have reduced maternal mortality within four countries: Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand and Sri Lanka. INCLUSION CRITERIA Textual and opinion papers that explored strategies to reduce maternal mortality in Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand and Sri Lanka were included. Participants included pregnant and birthing women who received care from a skilled birth attendant. TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS Pregnant and birthing women who received care from a skilled birth attendant within Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand and Sri Lanka. PHENOMENA OF INTEREST The review considered publications that described: 1. The health system/service delivery structures and underlying policy; 2. The maternity care provided by a skilled birth attendant. TYPES OF PUBLICATIONS This review considered government reports, expert opinion, discussion papers, position papers, and other forms of text published in the English language. Technical reports...

Maternal Mortality; Mortalidade materna Mortalite maternelle Mortalidad materna

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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Over 529,000 women die annually from complications during pregnancy, childbirth, or the postpartum period. Nearly all of these deaths occur in developing countries, where fertility rates are higher and a woman's life time risk of dying during pregnancy and childbirth is over 400 times higher than in developed countries. Additionally, an estimated 20 million women endure lifelong disabilities such as pelvic pain, incontinence, obstetric fistula, anemia and infertility. The main direct causes of maternal death are severe bleeding, unsafe abortion, infection, eclampsia, and obstructed labor; the indirect causes include anemia, malaria, heart disease, and HIV. Pregnancy complications are the main cause of death for women aged 15-19. High maternal mortality rates in many countries result from poor reproductive health care, including not having access to skilled care during pregnancy and childbirth and access to safe abortion even where it is legal, especially for the poorest women. Risks of poor outcomes during pregnancy and childbirth are exacerbated by poverty...

Trends in Maternal Mortality : 1990 to 2013

WHO; UNICEF; UNFPA; World Bank; United Nations Population Division
Fonte: Geneva: World Health Organization Publicador: Geneva: World Health Organization
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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A number of initiatives that commenced in recent years are geared towards achievement of the fifth millennium development goal (MDG 5: improving maternal health), most notably the launch of the global strategy for women's and children's health in 2010 by the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General. Measuring the MDG 5 target of reducing the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by three quarters between 1990 and 2015 remains a challenge. Accordingly, the maternal mortality estimation inter-agency group (MMEIG), comprising the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations Population Division (UNPD), and the World Bank, together with a team at the National University of Singapore and University of California at Berkeley, United States of America, have been working together to generate internationally comparable MMR estimates. The estimates for 2013 presented in this report are the seventh in a series of analyses by the MMEIG to examine the global extent of maternal mortality. Consultations with countries were carried out following the development of the MMR estimates. The purposes of the consultations were: to give countries the opportunity to review the country estimates...

Vidas arriscadas: uma reflexão sobre a relação entre o número de gestações e mortalidade materna; Endanghed lives: a reflexion about the relation between gestations number and maternal mortality

SOARES, Vânia Muniz Néquer; SCHOR, Néia; TAVARES, Carlos Henrique Galvão
Fonte: São Paulo Publicador: São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este estudo teve por objetivo identificar o risco e os fatores associados à mortalidade materna de multigestas (cinco ou mais gestações). Descreve a tendência da Taxa de Fecundidade Total (TFT) e da Razão de Mortalidade Materna (RMM) de 1998 a 2004 no Paraná. Apresenta uma análise dos 822 óbitos maternos deste período, o cálculo da Razão de Mortalidade Materna Específica, o Risco Relativo, a freqüência e o Odds Ratio para algumas variáveis segundo número de gestações. Analisa também as causas e a evitabilidade dos óbitos maternos. Os resultados apontaram TFT baixa (1,8 filhos por mulher) e a RMM elevada (69,7/100.000 nascidos vivos) no Paraná em 2004. Um quarto dos 822 óbitos maternos (206) era de multigestas (cinco ou mais gestações), o risco relativo de morte materna foi seis vezes superior do que para as mulheres com até duas gestações, e os perfis sociodemográfico e o reprodutivo foram mais desfavoráveis para aquele grupo de mulheres. A baixa escolaridade, a idade igual ou acima de 30 anos e o pré-natal com menos de quatro consultas apresentaram associação com o maior número de gestações. A proporção de mortes por causas obstétricas indiretas, hemorragias e aborto, foi maior entre as multigestas...

Tendência da mortalidade materna na região do Grande ABC Paulista de 1997 a 2011; Trends in maternal mortality in the Greater São Paulo ABC region 1997 to 2011

Tognini, Silvana
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/08/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Introdução:A mortalidade materna é um dos melhores indicadores do desenvolvimento socioeconômico de um país. O Brasil implementou políticas públicas para redução da mortalidade materna até 2015. A região do Grande ABC Paulista no Brasil apresenta grande heterogeneidade socioeconômica entre seus municípios, podendo refletir a desigualdade social do país, porém apresentando dimensões que permitem maior controle de dados da mortalidade. Objetivo: Avaliar a tendência da mortalidade materna na região do Grande ABC Paulista no período de 1997 a 2011. Metodologia: Estudo ecológico de série temporal, cujos dados foram obtidas no banco de dados do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde do Brasil (DATASUS) do Ministério da Saúde do Brasil (MS). Os dados foram transformados em Índices da Mortalidade Materna Direta (IMMD), estratificados por municípios, índices de desenvolvimento humano (IDH), causas de óbito materno segundo Classificação internacional de doenças (CID-10), local e período de ocorrência do óbito, dados sóciodemográficos e submetidos a comparações (teste U de Mann-whitney, teste de Kruskal-Wallis e teste de Dunn) e associações pela regressão linear, com significância de 5%. Resultados: Os IMMD predominaram em mulheres solteiras...

Eliminating Preventable HIV-Related Maternal Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Do We Need to Know?

Kendall, Tamil; Danel, Isabella; Cooper, Diane; Dilmitis, Sophie; Kaida, Angela; Kourtis, Athena P.; Langer, Ana; Lapidos-Salaiz, Ilana; Lathrop, Eva; Moran, Allisyn C.; Sebitloane, Hannah; Turan, Janet M.; Watts, D. Heather; Wegner, Mary Nell
Fonte: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes Publicador: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
Introduction: HIV makes a significant contribution to maternal mortality, and women living in sub-Saharan Africa are most affected. International commitments to eliminate preventable maternal mortality and reduce HIV-related deaths among pregnant and postpartum women by 50% will not be achieved without a better understanding of the links between HIV and poor maternal health outcomes and improved health services for the care of women living with HIV (WLWH) during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum. Methods: This article summarizes priorities for research and evaluation identified through consultation with 30 international researchers and policymakers with experience in maternal health and HIV in sub-Saharan Africa and a review of the published literature. Results: Priorities for improving the evidence about effective interventions to reduce maternal mortality and improve maternal health among WLWH include better quality data about causes of maternal death among WLWH, enhanced and harmonized program monitoring, and research and evaluation that contributes to improving: (1) clinical management of pregnant and postpartum WLWH, including assessment of the impact of expanded antiretroviral therapy on maternal mortality and morbidity, (2) integrated service delivery models...

Vidas arriscadas: uma reflexão sobre a relação entre o número de gestações e mortalidade materna; Endanghed lives: a reflexion about the relation between gestations number and maternal mortality

Soares, Vânia Muniz Néquer; Schor, Néia; Tavares, Carlos Mendes
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Este estudo teve por objetivo identificar o risco e os fatores associados à mortalidade materna de multigestas (cinco ou mais gestações). Descreve a tendência da Taxa de Fecundidade Total (TFT) e da Razão de Mortalidade Materna (RMM) de 1998 a 2004 no Paraná. Apresenta uma análise dos 822 óbitos maternos deste período, o cálculo da Razão de Mortalidade Materna Específica, o Risco Relativo, a freqüência e o Odds Ratio para algumas variáveis segundo número de gestações. Analisa também as causas e a evitabilidade dos óbitos maternos. Os resultados apontaram TFT baixa (1,8 filhos por mulher) e a RMM elevada (69,7/100.000 nascidos vivos) no Paraná em 2004. Um quarto dos 822 óbitos maternos (206) era de multigestas (cinco ou mais gestações), o risco relativo de morte materna foi seis vezes superior do que para as mulheres com até duas gestações, e os perfis sociodemográfico e o reprodutivo foram mais desfavoráveis para aquele grupo de mulheres. A baixa escolaridade, a idade igual ou acima de 30 anos e o pré-natal com menos de quatro consultas apresentaram associação com o maior número de gestações. A proporção de mortes por causas obstétricas indiretas, hemorragias e aborto, foi maior entre as multigestas...

Mortalidade materna por cardiopatia; Maternal mortality due to heart disease

Feitosa, Helvécio N.; Moron, Antônio F.; Born, Daniel; Almeida, Pedro Augusto Marcondes de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/1991 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Realizou-se estudo retrospectivo da mortalidade materna por cardiopatia, no período de janeiro de 1979 a dezembro de 1989. Dentre um total de 16.423 internações, houve 694 gestantes com o diagnóstico de cardiopatia (4,2%). No mesmo período, ocorreram 51 óbitos maternos, correspondendo a um coeficiente de mortalidade materna de 428,2/100.000 nascidos vivos. Houve 12 óbitos maternos por cardiopatia. A análise estatística permitiu a identificação de alguns fatores associados a maior risco de morte nas pacientes cardiopatas: primeira gravidez, primiparidade, ausência de assistência pré-natal, realização de cirurgia cardíaca anterior à gravidez e/ou na gestação. O maior número de mortes ocorreu no puerpério. A classificação funcional (NYHA) não se constituiu em parâmetro seguro para avaliar o prognóstico materno, pois 91,7% dos casos de óbito foram incluídos no grupo considerado favorável (classes I e II) ao iniciar a gestação.; A retrospective study on maternal mortality in pregnant women with cardiac disease over a period of eleven years (January 1979 to December 1989) was undertaken. The objetive was an analysis of the main aspects of this association. Cardiac disease was diagnosed in 694 patients (4.2%) of a total of 16...

National maternal mortality ratio in Egypt halved between 1992-93 and 2000

Campbell,Oona; Gipson,Reginald; Issa,Adel Hakim; Matta,Nahed; El Deeb,Bothina; El Mohandes,Ayman; Alwen,Anna; Mansour,Esmat
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
Two surveys of maternal mortality conducted in Egypt, in 1992-93 and in 2000, collected data from a representative sample of health bureaus covering all of Egypt, except for five frontier governorates which were covered only by the later survey, using the vital registration forms. The numbers of maternal deaths were determined and interviews conducted. The medical causes of death and avoidable factors were determined. Results showed that the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) had dropped by 52% within that period (from 174 to 84/100 000 live births). The National Maternal Mortality Survey in 1992-93 (NMMS) revealed that the metropolitan areas and Upper Egypt had a higher MMR than Lower Egypt. In response to these results, the Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP) intensified the efforts of its Safe Motherhood programmes in Upper Egypt with the result that the regional situation had reversed in 2000. Consideration of the intermediate and outcome indicators suggests that the greatest effect of maternal health interventions was on the death-related avoidable factors "substandard care by health providers" and "delays in recognizing problems or seeking medical care". The enormous improvements in these areas are certainly due in part to extensive training...

Every death counts: measurement of maternal mortality via a census

Stanton,Cynthia; Hobcraft,John; Hill,Kenneth; Kodjogbé,Nicaise; Mapeta,W.T.; Munene,Francis; Naghavi,Moshen; Rabeza,Victor; Sisouphanthong,Bounthavy; Campbell,Oona
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2001 EN
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Methods for measuring maternal mortality at national and subnational levels in the developing world lag far behind the demand for estimates. We evaluated use of the national population census as a means of measuring maternal mortality by assessing data from five countries (Benin, Islamic Republic of Iran, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Madagascar, and Zimbabwe) which identified maternal deaths in their censuses. Standard demographic methods were used to evaluate the completeness of reporting of adult female deaths and births in the year prior to the census. The results from these exercises were used to adjust the data. In four countries, the numbers of adult female deaths needed to be increased and three countries required upward adjustment of the numbers of recent births. The number of maternal deaths was increased by the same factor as that used for adult female deaths on the assumption that the proportion of adult female deaths due to maternal causes was correct. Age patterns of the various maternal mortality indicators were plausible and consistent with external sources of data for other populations. Our data suggest that under favourable conditions a national census is a feasible and promising approach for the measurement of maternal mortality. Moreover...