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A construção da masculinidade a partir de tabus corporais: considerações no campo da saúde; The construction of masculinity as from body taboos: considerations in the health area

Rondinelli, Paula
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/09/2013 PT
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37.41%
Este trabalho teve como tema a formação da masculinidade a partir de tabus corporais: especificamente o tabu da não violação do ânus. A pergunta central foi de que maneira os homens encaram o exame de toque retal? Há um sentimento de perda de masculinidade? Tal indagação foi norteada pela hipótese de que sim, isso ocorreria, uma vez que a vinculação do ideal de masculinidade a não violação anal seria um elemento tradicional na formação do homem ocidental moderno. O referencial teórico foi baseado no tripé: o corpo visto sob a ótica da Antropologia, a masculinidade e a saúde homem e a formação da pessoa, também sob o prisma da Antropologia, iluminando a análise dos dados coletados, tomando como conceito-chave a noção de socialização, que remonta à Escola Sociológica Francesa. Foram coletados dois tipos de dados distintos: charges cômicas que abordam o exame de toque retal, além de entrevistas realizadas com homens acima de 45 anos de idade, coletadas na Cidade do México e em São Paulo. O que se observou, a partir das respostas obtidas, é que os homens procuram serviços médicos preventivos, e que cerca de metade deles fazem exames preventivos da próstata, especificamente o de toque retal. Ressalto que esta análise levou à conclusões semelhantes tanto para São Paulo quanto para a Cidade do México. Parte significativa dos entrevistados manifestou ter receio antes de realizar o exame de toque...

Revisiting the gentleman : a study of hegemonic masculinity in the works of Jane Austen

Olguin, Suyin
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
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L’augmentation grandissante de l’attention portée dans les études sur la masculinité tant à la littérature féminine qu’à ses auteurs incite les chercheurs à se pencher de nouveau sur l’icône qu’est le gentilhomme, sur la réponse qu’offre la littérature du XVIIIe siècle face à cette idéalisation de la masculinité, et comment ces standards ont contribué à façonner nos propres perceptions des différenciations des rôles sexuels. Ce mémoire présente une analyse des personnages masculins des romans de Jane Austen, Emma, Persuasion et Mansfield Park, à travers le concept de « masculinité hégémonique » de R.W. Connell, concept qui a eu un impact certain dans les recherches retraçant comment l’histoire et l’hégémonie ont fabriqué les attentes sociales et nationales envers l’homme anglais. Les livres expliquant la conduite à avoir pour être un gentilhomme viril ont sans aucun doute perpétué ces idéaux. À travers l’étude de la politesse, de la sincérité et de l’héroïsme, perpétuellement renouvelés afin de correspondre aux nouveaux idéaux de la masculinité, cette thèse étudie les livres éducatifs influents, notamment de Locke, Knox et Secker, afin de comprendre de quelle façon la masculinité hégémonique est devenue une partie intégrante du discours et de l’éducation à l’époque de la Régence anglaise. Les œuvres d’Austen ne cesse de rappeler la vulnérabilité de l’hégémonie en rappelant constamment au lecteur l’importance des expériences et de la croissance personnelle...

Masculinities in drag: a theoretical analysis of female masculinity.

Hanson, Julie Louise
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
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Masculinities in Drag offers a largely speculative but theoretically engaged analysis of female masculinity as it is enacted through the forum of drag kinging. Drag kinging is the predominantly lesbian and queer female sub-cultural practice of female-to-male cross dressing, with most drag king performances promoting ‘the woman behind the man’. This emphasis on ‘femaleness’, even as it is ostensibly disguised in male drag, remains crucial to the many dynamics that arise through performing as a drag king and within drag king culture. This thesis promotes that emphasis by exploring and arguing for drag kinging as a performance of female identifications, erotic or otherwise, with masculinity within an exclusively queer female economy of desire. I employ various and varying theories on subjectivity, gender, desire, and fantasy to explore this, and further expand my analysis of female masculinity by focusing on the embodied and corporeal effects of performing as a drag king. This investigation reveals the refusal of drag kings to differentiate between traditional notions of mind/body, material/immaterial, and other adversarial boundaries in order to revel in new-found and provocative forms of embodiment and corporeality. Further...

Rethinking hegemonic masculinity in a globalizing world

Beasley, C.
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
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37.35%
Our understanding of power relations in domestic and global settings is crucially informed by analyses of the gendered character of contemporary societies and global politics. Hegemonic masculinity is a crucial concept in such analyses. However, this concept has also been the subject of debate. The concept is currently used to stand in for a singular monolithic masculinity, a global hegemonic form on a world scale and is understood to refer to transnational business masculinity to an elite group of socially dominant men. This conceptualization is reconsidered and an alternative approach presented. Rethinking the term hegemonic masculinity is necessary to produce a more nuanced understanding of privileged legitimating conceptions of manhood, and of relations between different masculinities in the global/national nexus. Such a rethinking provides a means to rethink how gendered global politics, how (gendered) globalization may be conceived.; Copyright © 2008 by SAGE Publications

Men in Crisis: Representations of masculinity and gender relations in Greek cinema, 1950-1967

HADJIKYRIACOU, Achilleas
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.49%
The deconstruction of masculinity crisis in Greece during the 1950s and 1960s has a central part in the research objectives of the current project. More precisely, the main research questions of my study are as follows: - How are hegemonic and subordinated types of masculinity represented in Greek popular films? - How are gender relations represented in Greek popular films? - What is the impact of cultural transfers on the cinematic representations of masculinity and gender relations? - How do films represent the negotiation of tradition with modernity with regard to changes in masculinity and gender relations? - How do the representations of masculinity and gender relations relate to those of class and locality? - How do cinematic representations of masculinity and gender relations connect to their historical context?; Defense date: 28/06/2010; Examining Board: Prof. Giulia Calvi (EUI, supervisor) Prof. Anthony Molho (EUI) Prof. Penelope Corfield (Royal Holloway, University of London and University of Leicester) Dr. Yannis Tzioumakis (University of Liverpool); In 2012 the author was awarded The James Kaye Memorial Prize for the Best Thesis in History and Visuality.

Bullying Among Adolescent Football Players: Role of Masculinity and Moral Atmosphere

Steinfeldt, Matthew C.; LaFollette, Julie R.; Vaughn, Ellen L.; Steinfeldt, Jesse A.
Fonte: American Psychological Association Publicador: American Psychological Association
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Identifying practices of masculinity socialization that contribute to the establishment of gender privilege can help address violence and bullying in schools (Connell, 1996). Because the sport of football is considered an important contributor to masculinity construction, establishing peer networks, and creating hierarchies of student status, this study examined the influence of social norms (i.e., moral atmosphere, meanings of adolescent masculinity) on bullying beliefs and behaviors of 206 high school football players. Results demonstrated that moral atmosphere (Peer Influence, Influential Male Figure) and adherence to male role norms significantly predicted bullying, but the strongest predictor was the perception of whether the most influential male in a player’s life would approve of the bullying behavior. In addition to prevention interventions highlighting the role of influential men and masculinity norms in this process, implications for practice suggest that football players can use their peer influence and status as center sport participants to create a school culture that does not tolerate bullying.

PULLING DOWN THE HOUSE AND TEARING UP THE YARD: CONSTRUCTING, POLICING, AND CONTAINING BLACK MASCULINITY, 1920-1960

Stanley, Kimberly M.
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
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Thesis (Ph.D.) - Indiana University, History/American Studies, 2015; "Pulling Down the House and Tearing Up the Yard: Constructing, Policing and Containing Black Masculinity, 1920-1960" explores the role of the black press, black lifestyle magazines, and selected journalists and publishers in the discursive construction of black middle-class masculinity during the 1920s to the 1960s in order to advance the cause of racial equality. Journalists and publishers, acting as civil rights agents, re-imagined and reconstructed ideal representations and representatives of black manhood and disseminated these images in their respective publications so that ordinary black citizens, or the "submerged tenth," would emulate behaviors deemed appropriate and respectable. As a result, those individuals whose behaviors were unrespectable, and thus deemed detrimental to the cause of racial uplift, were marginalized and policed. At the core of this work is the question, "How did cultural producers continue to re-imagine the New Negro?" This project does not assume that a static form of black masculinity was generally received as emblematic of the race; rather, it posits that African American cultural producers and the black community, in general, held malleable assumptions about respectability and masculinity during any given era. Thus...

The construction of masculinity and its influence on health: qualitative data analysis in andalusians young males from 15 to 24 years old

Marcos, Jorge
Fonte: Universidade de Granada Publicador: Universidade de Granada
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
ENG
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El estudio de la salud de los hombres debe ser enmarcado dentro de las teor??as de la equidad y el an??lisis de g??nero. En este sentido, la investigaci??n de la salud de los varones j??venes ofrece una oportunidad para examinar las conexiones entre la identidad masculina y las conductas sociales. Esto implica, entre otras cosas, subrayar el riesgo y los problemas de salud que en ocasiones enfrentan los varones como consecuencia de la interpretaci??n social de su rol. La manera en la cu??l los j??venes se posicionan en relaci??n a los diferentes discursos sobre la masculinidad, puede tener importantes implicaciones no s??lo en su identidad de g??nero, sino tambi??n en conductas con consecuencias para su salud. Objetivo. Describir significados y percepciones que andaluces de 15 a 24 a??os tienen sobre su idea de masculinidad, identificando formas en las cu??les dichas representaciones de g??nero puedan estar influenciando su salud. M??todos. Estudio basado en un enfoque cualitativo que combina diferentes modalidades de entrevista. El dise??o est?? centrado en varones de 15 a 24 a??os que nacieron y se criaron en Andaluc??a, una regi??n del sur de Espa??a. Resultados. Los resultados de este estudio ponen de manifiesto que...

Hegemonic Masculinity and Globalization: 'Transnational Business Masculinities' and Beyond

Elias, J.; Beasley, C.
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
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37.46%
In recent years masculinity studies writers, in particular R. W. Connell, have focused on the relationship between globalization and 'hegemonic' forms of masculinity. This paper provides an assessment of this scholarship and argues that whilst Connell and others have usefully identified the gendered nature of globalization, masculinity scholars have also provided a somewhat limiting account of the global hegemonic role of a monolithic top-down 'transnational business masculinity'. By contrast, we suggest a demassification of this notion of hegemonic masculinity. Such a demassification enables the opening up of a dialogue between masculinity studies and feminist and other critical globalization scholars, allowing for a more nuanced analysis that can attend to both the unevenness of globalization in different settings and more detailed awareness of interactions between global and local/cultural/state imperatives. Our aim here is to move away from conceptualizations of globalization and hegemonic masculinity that are exceptionally top-down towards an analysis of the contested and shifting nature of gender identity at the global as well as the local level, to highlight the ways in which different hegemonic masculinities are negotiated...

Singapore FHM: State values and the construction of Singaporean masculinity in a syndicated men's magazine

Pugsley, P.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishers Ltd. Publicador: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
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37.28%
Transnational magazines have enjoyed enormous success with readers in Singapore in recent years. But what hurdles are faced by these syndicated magazines as they attempt to enter global markets? This article explores the difficulties of meeting audience demands while obeying strictly monitored rules set down by the state. Drawing from initial research into women’s lifestyle magazines, this article turns to men’s syndicated lifestyle magazines, in particular the controversial Singapore FHM, the first, and most popular, ‘‘lad’s mag’’ to enter Singapore. By way of a visual and discourse analysis, this article examines the way the magazine constructs a particular view of masculinity in order to reflect the ideals of the Singaporean male. Despite a change of ownership from the UK-based Emap group to the locally-owned MediaCorp Publishing, few visible changes occurred in the magazine. Fears that the magazine’s sexually- related content would be toned down with local ownership proved to be unfounded. This article suggests that Singapore FHM has subtly shifted Western notions of masculinity to encompass the new global masculinity of urban, professional, Singaporean males.; Peter C. Pugsley

'I'm not allowed wrestling stuff': hegemonic masculinity and primary school boys

Bartholomaeus, C.
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd. Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
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37.46%
Hegemonic masculinity is Connell’s key concept in a hierarchical framework of masculinities which has had a significant influence on thinking about gender. This article draws on Connell’s theories, previous research and my empirical research to argue that there are limitations to using the concept of hegemonic masculinity, and even hegemonic masculinities, when examining boys and masculinity. Boys are rarely mentioned in definitions and theoretical writing about hegemonic masculinity, yet much research examining primary school boys and masculinity uncritically draws on the concept. My research in Australia with 6- and 7-year-old children found that boys had limited access to hegemonic masculinity. As a possible explanation for its usage by researchers with primary school boys, I explore the potential usefulness of multiple and local hegemonic masculinities.; Clare Bartholomaeus

Aussie battler in crisis? Shifting constructions of white Australian masculinity and national identity

Bode, Katherine
Fonte: Australian Critical Race and Whiteness Studies Association; http://www.acrawsa.org.au/ Publicador: Australian Critical Race and Whiteness Studies Association; http://www.acrawsa.org.au/
Tipo: Journal article; Published Version Formato: 18 pages
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In the last decade, the white 'man in crisis' - a prominent figure in American society - has entered the Australian cultural conscious, and now begins to challenge the position of the 'Aussie battler' as the dominant version of Australian masculinity. This paper investigates the implications of this shift for Australian national identity - a construction historically and contemporaneously tied to white male identity - by exploring the manifestation of the 'man in crisis' in current political and popular debates, before moving to consider the ways in which these debates emerge and are affirmed and transformed in contemporary Australian women's fiction. Specifically, I argue that in the popular and political arenas, the identities of the Aussie battler and the man in crisis currently exist in tension. Some contemporary Australian women's fictions, like Jillian Watkinson's The Architect, resolve this conflict by privileging of the man in crisis to the exclusion of the Aussie battler. Although such narratives appear to offer a more sensitive and emotional model of masculinity, closer analysis evinces the sexist, racist and homophobic undertones of this emerging phenomenon within Australian fiction and society. Other contemporary Australian women's fictions...

The Effects of Age, Ethnicity, Sexual Dysfunction, Urinary Incontinence, Masculinity, and Relationship with the Partner on the Quality of Life of Men with Prostate Cancer

Ballout, Suha
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Prostate cancer, the leading cause of cancer in men, has positive survival rates and constitutes a challenge to men with its side effects. Studies have addressed the bivaritate relationships between prostate cancer treatment side effects masculinity, partner relationship, and quality of life (QOL). However, few studies have highlighted the relationships among prostate cancer treatment side effects (i.e., sexual dysfunction, urinary incontinence), masculinity, and relationship with the partner together on QOL in men. Most studies were conducted with predominately Caucasian sample of men. Miami is a unique multiethnic setting that hosts Cuban, Columbian, Venezuelan, Haitian, other Latin American and Caribbean communities that were not represented in previous literature. The purpose of this study was to examine relative contributions of age, ethnicity, sexual dysfunction, urinary incontinence, masculinity, and perception of the relationship with the partner on the quality of life in men diagnosed with prostate cancer. Data were collected using self administered questionnaires measuring demographic variables, sexual and urinary functioning (UCLA PCI), masculinity (CMNI), partner relationship (DAS), and QOL (SF-36). A total of 117 partnered heterosexual men diagnosed with prostate cancer were recruited from four urology clinics in Miami...

Discourses of Masculinity and Femininity in The Hunger Games: "Scarred," "Bloody," and "Stunning"

Woloshyn, Vera; Taber, Nancy; Lane, Laura
Fonte: RedFame Publishing Publicador: RedFame Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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This article explores how characters in The Hunger Games trilogy are portrayed relative to Connell's gendered discourses of hegemonic masculinity, marginal masculinity, and emphasized femininity. We briefly review the plot of The Hunger Games trilogy and then discuss the ways in which three of the characters are represented with respect to societal gendered discourses, heteronormativity, and the use of violence. We argue that the ways in which these aspects are portrayed relate to the main characters' performance of discourses of hegemonic masculinity (Gale), marginalized masculinity (Peeta), and a complex amalgamation of the two that also draws somewhat on emphasized femininity (Katniss). Finally, we conclude that, while the trilogy could be read as taking a feminist stance with a strong female protagonist, it nonetheless also constrains Katniss in heteronormative ways.

M(e)a(t)sculinity: Investigating Veg(etari)an Men's Understandings of Masculinity

Romanin, Steve G.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
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Using focus group methods, this project examines six men’s experiences of becoming vegetarian and the unique interaction between two identities commonly assumed to be in conflict: vegetarianism and masculinity. Included in this report is an overview of the contemporary debates in gender theory, with specific attention paid to men and masculinity. Seen through the lens of poststructural gender theory and the notion of multiple masculinities, this report demonstrates how vegetarian men challenge, negotiate and assert themselves as men both within the dominant culture and within their own vegetarian communities. This project bridges two existing bodies of work - poststructural gender theory and critical animal studies - to bring a more nuanced and better-articulated critique of gender to existing studies of the relationship between meat and masculinity and to offer this examination of meat consumption and gender performance as an illustration of the valuable applications of poststructural gender theory within critical animal studies.

Educação Física no sistema educativo português: um espaço de reafirmação da masculinidade hegemônica; Physical Education in the Portuguese educational system: reaffirming hegemonic masculinity

Silva, Paula; Botelho-Gomes, Paula; Goellner, Silvana Vilodre
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2008 POR
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Estudar as questões de gênero implica análises à construção das masculinidades e feminilidades, cientes de que estas são históricas, mutantes e provisórias. O modo adequado de se tornar homem adulto, numa determinada sociedade, é uma construção cultural que pode implicar em vivências mais ou menos dramáticas. “Ser homem", nunca se reduz aos caracteres sexuais, mas sim a um conjunto de atributos morais de condutas socialmente sancionadas e constantemente reavaliadas, negociadas, relembradas, ou seja, em constante processo de construção (VALE DE ALMEIDA, 2000). O desporto, considerado como um território de prevalência masculina tem sido palco privilegiado para a construção de determinadas representações de masculinidade, seja no alto rendimento, no lazer ou na escola. Identificando-o como um espaço de generificação dos corpos, este estudo tem como objetivo analisar representações de masculinidade hegemónica no âmbito da disciplina curricular Educação Física no sistema educativo português. Os dados analisados provêm de entrevistas semi-estruturadas feitas a 10 docentes e 40 discentes e da observação de 60 aulas. O processo de análise dos dados orientou-se pela abordagem qualitativa onde foi utilizada a aplicação indutiva de conceitos 'sensitizing' (PATTON...

'The Age of School Shootings': A Sociological Interpretation on Masculinity

Celis,Jorge
Fonte: Actualidades Investigativas en Educación Publicador: Actualidades Investigativas en Educación
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 EN
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37.35%
Over the past two decades there has been a growing interest in the study of the horrendous massacres perpetrated by students at school premises. These massacres, known as school shootings, haven been predominantly analyzed by employing psychological approaches. Despite the fact that empirical research clearly reveals that school shooters tend not to present life-long histories of mental illness, these approaches usually put a strong emphasis on the perpetrator's individual pathologies, ignoring the influence that social values such as masculinity exert on perpetrators' actions. Consequently, perpetrators are viewed as lone wolf shooters and school shootings as isolated cases. Based on data derived from scholarly works published mainly in peer-review journals and the sociological theory of P. Berger and T. Luckmann, the aim of this essay is to offer a sociological interpretation on school shootings by explaining why school shooters commit violent actions against teachers and classmates as a form of retrieving their masculinity. In this regard, the essay finds that male rather than female students commit school shootings. At the same time, the majority of perpetrators have had parents who were gun collectors. It is no coincide that shooters mostly use family guns to commit the massacres. Additionally...

Masculinity ideology and gender equality: considering neosexism

Martínez,Carmen; Paterna-Bleda,Consuelo
Fonte: Anales de Psicología Publicador: Anales de Psicología
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/05/2013 ENG
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The aims of this study are to investigate the relationship among traditional masculinity ideology, neosexism, and gender equality. Specifically we tested the effect of neosexism as a mediational variable. As expected, our results showed that men maintain more traditional masculinity ideology and more neosexist beliefs than women. Also masculinity ideology is negatively related to gender equality in men, but in women there is no relationship. The results of the mediation tests confirm that masculinity ideology is a good predictor of gender equality and it is mediated by neosexism, but only for men. The relevance of these findings with reference to neosexism as an obstacle to equality is discussed.

Masculinity, sexuality and the body of male soldiers

Mankayi,Nyameka
Fonte: Psychology in Society Publicador: Psychology in Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
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Considering that social identities such as gender, culture, race, age and class play a major role in constructing masculinity, this paper looks at how these intersect with the body and what discourses of masculinity and sexualities are in evidence in this respect in the overtly masculinist context of the military. Drawing on data from a larger study exploring 14 military men's narratives on their masculinity, sexuality, sexual relationships and HIV/AIDS, the findings illustrate how successful masculinity in the military context is played out through particular bodily performances, including being physically strong, proving one's strength through high risk military activities, and through hypersexuality. There is evidence that the body and other bodily representations and accessories related to being in the military (uniform, weapons, etc.) is a key area in which masculine identity is performed by men in this institution. The suggestion is that male sexual practices cannot be tackled without examining the intersection of the body and masculine identity and in the military this means a particular focus on the way in which the body is centred in performances and representations of being both a military person and a man.

Living with HIV as a man: Implications for masculinity

Mfecane,Sakhumzi
Fonte: Psychology in Society Publicador: Psychology in Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
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37.35%
This article examines constructions of masculinity by men living with HIV and using antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) in a South African rural village. It explores the impact of HIV on men's lives, and discusses the implications of these impacts for understandings of masculinity. A total of 25 men were interviewed to explore their experience of living with HIV and the challenges posed by HIV sickness to their lives as men. Results show that the men's lives changed dramatically following sickness from HIV and that these changes were perceived to negatively impact on various important markers of masculinity. In particular, the men's provider roles and sexualities were perceived as significantly affected by HIV sickness. Drawing on current debates and theorising in the field of masculinity studies, the article interrogates the perceived threats to these markers and the participants' responses to them.