Página 1 dos resultados de 2789 itens digitais encontrados em 0.010 segundos

Eficiência produtiva da indústria de transformação nas regiões brasileiras: uma análise de fronteiras estocásticas e cadeias espaciais de Markov; Productive efficiency of the manufacturing industry in the Brazilian regions: a stochastic frontier and spatial Markov chain analysis

Schettini, Daniela Carla Decaro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/04/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
Este trabalho investiga a eficiência produtiva dos setores industriais nas regiões brasileiras. Para isso, utiliza um painel de dados da Pesquisa Industrial Anual do IBGE para o período de 2000 a 2006, desagregado por mesorregiões, setores da indústria de transformação e por setores de intensidade tecnológica. São estimados modelos de fronteira de produção estocástica para obtenção das estimativas das eficiências produtivas regionais e setoriais. Esses indicadores de eficiência são então analisados com base na literatura de economia espacial e das Cadeias Espaciais de Markov, que visam investigar o efeito da boa e da má vizinhança. Os resultados indicam que as mesorregiões mais eficientes tendem a localizar-se na faixa litorânea do Brasil, mas, na medida em que tratamos de setores mais básicos da economia, há maior dispersão da alta eficiência pelo espaço brasileiro. Além disso, percebe-se um deslocamento, ao longo do tempo, de altos índices de eficiência para as mesorregiões do Centro-Oeste. Em relação à eficiência setorial, observou-se que, em geral, os setores menos intensivos em tecnologia são menos eficientes: constatou-se que o setor de Alta Intensidade Tecnológica é 11% mais eficiente do que o setor de Baixa Intensidade. Os resultados das análises da influência das economias espaciais sobre a eficiência produtiva indicam que a vizinhança afeta o desempenho competitivo da região...

Searching for sectoral patterns of innovation in european manufacturing industry

Varum, C. A.; Pinho, C.
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
The present paper is conducted under the research project “Enterprise of the Future: Trends and Scenarios towards Competitiveness” which attempts to disclosure determinants of future enterprise competitiveness. Innovation is not only a must today but also an imperative in future competitiveness scenarios. In modern evolutionary economics it is argued that sector-specific factors are one of the key factors explaining innovative behaviour and performance of firms. Several contributions have pointed that industries largely differ in terms of knowledge base and technological sources, opportunities and appropriation of innovative activities, technological trajectories and firms’ strategies. Using as background Pavitt’s taxonomy, this paper explores the nature, extent and sources of variety of innovation in the manufacturing industry, aiming at identifying common patterns across industries, and sectoral patterns across countries. This paper presents evidence based on the aggregated results of the last IV Community Innovation Survey released by EUROSTAT (CIS4), for which data is available for a number of industries and countries.

Customization in the manufacturing industry: survey results in southeastern Brazil

Graeml,Alexandre Reis; Csillag,João Mário
Fonte: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP Publicador: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
This paper discusses the advantage of using kanban, postponement, modularization, just-in-time, production sequencing, milk-run and cross-docking by companies that intend to increase their flexibility, agility and reliability in order to support web-based businesses. It presents the results of a survey carried out with more than 600 manufacturing companies in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and evaluates the changes that are taking place in operations, in order to make companies better suited to provide customized products, which are made to meet the individual requirements of each customer.

Optimizing product testing in the electronics manufacturing industry

Nelson, Erik Tighe, 1964-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 105 p.; 10872912 bytes; 10872671 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
by Erik Tighe Nelson.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management; and, (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics; in conjunction with the Leaders for Manufacturing Program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2000.; Also available online at the MIT Theses Online homepage .; Includes bibliographical references (p. 103).

Heterogeneidade estrutural na indústria Goiana, 2000-2010; Structural heterogeneity in the industry of Goiás, 2000-2010

Aguiais, Edilson Gonçalves de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Agronegócio (EAEA); Escola de Agronomia e Engenharia de Alimentos - EAEA (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Agronegócio (EAEA); Escola de Agronomia e Engenharia de Alimentos - EAEA (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.54%
The purpose of this study is to understand to what extent the phenomenon of structural heterogeneity existing in Goiás industrial economy has affected the structure of earnings and employment in the state of Goiás in the interregnum from 2000 to 2010 . The hypothesis put forward is that, in Goiás, the process of growth of industrial production and the number of companies has developed so as to increase productivity gap and labor income among different segments of the manufacturing industry in the period 2000-2010. To perform the proposed work goal, we used the technical resources of literature and documents and adopted the descriptive analytical method. The first analysis is a comparison between the structure of the transformation of Goiás and São Paulo industry and the results indicated a reduction in structural heterogeneity, both indicators of labor productivity as in the structure of earnings and employment. The second test checks the industrial conformation as the level of technology embodied in the production process. At this point, the segments of low technological intensity remained the largest share of the value added by the manufacturing industry, indicating that driving the dynamic axis of Goiás economy facing the external sector...

Does the Minimum Wage Affect Employment? Evidence from the Manufacturing Sector in Indonesia

Del Carpio, Ximena; Nguyen, Ha; Wang, Liang Choon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.32%
Using survey data from the Indonesian manufacturing industry, this paper investigates the impact of minimum wage on employment and wages offered by Indonesian manufacturing firms from 1993 to 2006. It shows that the estimated effects of minimum wage on employment are positive within a province (i.e., with province fixed effects), but negative within a firm (i.e., with firm fixed effects), indicating the importance of using firm panel data to reduce the endogeneity bias in estimates. It finds significant heterogeneous effects of minimum-wage changes on employment. The employment effects of minimum wages are significant and negative among small firms and less educated workers, but not among large firms and workers with high school education and above. The negative employment impact is more severe for non-production workers than for production workers. The analysis also shows that the minimum wage disproportionally affects women: most of the non-production job losses are experienced by female workers. Lastly...

Diversity Matters : The Economic Geography of Industry Location in India

Lall, Somik V.; Koo, Jun; Chakravorty, Sanjoy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.43%
How does economic geography influence industrial production and thereby affect industrial location decisions and the spatial distribution of development? For manufacturing industry, what are the externalities that matter, and to what extent? Are these externalities spatially localized? The authors answer these questions by analyzing the influence of economic geography on the cost structure of manufacturing firms by firm size for eight industry sectors in India. The economic geography factors include market access and local and urban externalities-which are concentrations of own-industry firms, concentrations of buyer-supplier links, and industrial diversity at the district (local) level. The authors find that industrial diversity is the only economic geography variable that has a significant, consistent, and substantial cost-reducing effect for firms, particularly small firms. This finding calls into question the fundamental assumptions regarding localization economies and raises further concerns on the industrial development prospects of lagging regions in developing countries.

Republic of India Manufacturing Plan Implementation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.57%
This set of reports on manufacturing plans implementation in India includes the following: (1) A new agenda. Improving the competitiveness of the textiles and apparel value chain in India report is structured as follows: section one sets out the context, describing trends in global markets and in the textiles and apparel supply chain in India; section two analyzes in detail the choke points that are hindering the growth of the latter; section three sets out a reform agenda to address them; and section four concludes. (2) Fast tracking Indias electronics manufacturing industry. Business environment and industrial policy examines the prospects for India to meet its potential. Drawing on extensive survey questionnaires and interviews with key industry players (both domestic and foreign) and relevant government agencies, this study identifies major challenges India-based companies face in engaging in electronics manufacturing. The analysis culminates in detailed policy suggestions for regulatory reform and support policies needed to unblock barriers to investment in this industry and to fast-track it’s upgrading through innovation. (3) Supply chain delays and uncertainty in India. The hidden constraint on manufacturing growth report provides the context of the freight and logistics industry in India; describes the headline impacts of its performance on manufacturing firms; explores variations in this impact and causes thereof; and concludes with a more detailed look at the reform agenda this motivates.

Republic of India Manufacturing Plan Implementation

Ernst, Dieter
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.58%
This set of reports on manufacturing plans implementation in India includes the following: (1) A new agenda. Improving the competitiveness of the textiles and apparel value chain in India report is structured as follows: section one sets out the context, describing trends in global markets and in the textiles and apparel supply chain in India; section two analyzes in detail the choke points that are hindering the growth of the latter; section three sets out a reform agenda to address them; and section four concludes. (2) Fast tracking Indias electronics manufacturing industry. Business environment and industrial policy examines the prospects for India to meet its potential. Drawing on extensive survey questionnaires and interviews with key industry players (both domestic and foreign) and relevant government agencies, this study identifies major challenges India-based companies face in engaging in electronics manufacturing. The analysis culminates in detailed policy suggestions for regulatory reform and support policies needed to unblock barriers to investment in this industry and to fast-track it’s upgrading through innovation. (3) Supply chain delays and uncertainty in India. The hidden constraint on manufacturing growth report provides the context of the freight and logistics industry in India; describes the headline impacts of its performance on manufacturing firms; explores variations in this impact and causes thereof; and concludes with a more detailed look at the reform agenda this motivates.

Protecting employee entitlements: putting workers into GEERS in the Australian automotive components manufacturing industry

Rochford, Amelia Mcintosh
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
The challenges posed by the current economic climate present themselves in many ways. They have evolved into housing crises, debt crises, and many others. An issue of high concern is job security. This report focuses on what happens when jobs are lost as a result of the collapse of a business, and what happens to former employees who may still be owed outstanding wages, redundancy payments, annual leave, and other entitlements accrued through years of service, which can amount to thousands of dollars. This report analyses the government administered and publicly funded General Employee Entitlements Scheme (GEERS), which protects employees from being left with nothing following the failure of their business. The report emphasises the importance of the experience of the scheme that is gained through an exploration of the automotive components manufacturing sector. This industry has been the centre of a number of high profile business closures and withdrawals, bringing the issue of employee entitlements and the protection provided by GEERS to public attention. The report also investigates alternatives that include international comparisons and models proposed by industrial relations groups and academics. GEERS provides a basic level of protection for employee entitlements in the event of inadequate provisions by insolvent employers. Although under the current public funding arrangements...

Interpreting the emergence and development of high technology electronics industry clusters in selected second tier global regions.

Grill, Ronald John
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.58%
The thesis focuses on the high technology electronics industry and why and how electronics manufacturing firms emerged, developed and evolved endogenously into dense industry clusters in a limited number of selected, small and relatively isolated second tier cities. These developments occurred in small regions rather than in large established industrial centres. The high technology electronics industry typically produces small volumes of highly complex, high value-added, customisable, intellectual property-based products and systems for commercial, industrial and professional applications in sectors including food, health, security, transport, government, communications, manufacturing, defence, education and research. The high technology electronics industry developed in parallel to the large, typically multinational firms, which mass-produce high volumes of standardised consumer electronics products for personal communication, information and entertainment. The parallel development of these two sectors provides significant contrast since the high technology electronics industry, although significantly larger in revenue and employment than the consumer electronics sector, is less understood by governments and communities. The research examines the widely studied high technology electronics industry in Silicon Valley...

Análise da produtividade da indústria de transformação brasileira entre 2003 e 2012; Analysis of the Brazilian manufacturing industry productivity between 2003 and 2012

Lima, Sandra Maria do Prado
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Este trabalho estimou a produtividade total dos fatores (PTF) para a indústria de transformação brasileira no período de 2003 a 2012, utilizando-se de uma função translog e um modelo de fronteira estocástica. Os dados em painel originam-se da Pesquisa Industrial Anual do IBGE. O objetivo principal foi analisar a variação da PTF, decomposta em progresso técnico, eficiência técnica, efeito escala, eficiência alocativa e choques aleatórios. As conclusões revelam crescimento negativo da PTF para o conjunto das atividades industriais ao longo do período e para as atividades de alta, média alta e média baixa intensidades tecnológicas. Somente as atividades de baixa intensidade tecnológica apresentaram variação positiva na PTF. O progresso técnico foi o componente que mais contribuiu para a queda na PTF.; This study estimated the total factor productivity (TFP) for Brazilian manufacturing industry from 2003 to 2012, using a translog function and stochastic frontier model. The panel data originate from the Pesquisa Industrial Anual of IBGE. The main objective was to analyze the variation of TFP, decomposed into technical progress, technical efficiency, scale effect, allocative efficiency and random shocks. Results reveal negative TFP growth for the group of industrial activities over the period and to the high activity...

Australian manufacturing challenges and opportunities from the rise of China

Kishore, Auneesh
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.55%
The current Australian manufacturing industry is in relative decline and companies are now facing dynamic changes in the domestic market. Specifically, they are now facing the rise of China, with its rapid industrial rise and growing manufacturing sector. No longer are companies using local supply chains and competing with local suppliers. Now in the globalising world, companies are forced to use global supply chains to compete with companies all around the world. China has rapidly risen to be one of the most powerful global manufacturing nations. Combining large markets, increasingly skilled labour and with low wages, it has challenged established leaders of the supply of manufactured goods. Australian companies are responding to China's industrial growth, by increasingly offshoring. However, companies are now establishing operations in China, to maximise the benefits available. These are: Low cost labour Increasingly large pools of highly skilled labour Movement into higher value activities Servicing China's massive domestic market However, there are risks and concerns when establishing operations in China, they range from the ageing population to IP counterfeiting. Two case studies are analysed: Bluescope Steel Ampcontrol (Electronics manufacturer and Service provider) BlueScope Steel and Ampcontrol were asked how to respond effectively and efficiently to the impact of China and current changes in the Australian domestic manufacturing sector...

Australian automotive industry policy: current and emerging issues

Canning, Nethy
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.55%
The automotive manufacturing industry is of great importance to Australia. It provides employment to over 60,000 people, expends upwards of 700 million dollars on research and development and radiates a range of positive externalities on the economy. Manufacturing is often considered vital to maintaining a balanced, diverse economy offsetting Australia's reliance on the mining and agricultural sectors. For these reasons industry policy has historically focused disproportionately on automotive manufacturing. Trade barriers erected generations ago have taken decades to dismantle. The industry is still significantly more protected then the economy as a whole. Liberalisation has pushed forward against enormous resistance and the industry has survived. In fact, profitability is not lower under without these protective measures. The industry adapted and transformed itself into a modern manufacturing sector, gradually discarding the need to lean on the crutches of protection from competition. The transformation has not been without impact. The industry has become lean and competitive. All sectors have been under the constant pressures to reduce cost, to increase quality and, on the whole, to perform better. These are the very pressures which have guided the transformation. Lean production methods have created the need to adapt at all levels of the supply chain. They have left the industry...

Mandatory Fuel Efficiency Standards and the Manufacturing Industry: an Australian Perspective on Passenger Vehicles

Waugh, Lauren
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.62%
In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, many nations, including Australia, are considering policies to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. One area in which emission reductions pose a significant challenge is the passenger vehicle sector. Not only do passenger cars account for a large proportion of national C02 emissions, their high reliance on oil renders users vulnerable to oil price volatility. The Australian automotive industry sets voluntary fuel efficiency targets which apply to all light vehicles under 3.5 tonnes. However, international experience shows that voluntary targets are unlikely to result in significant improvements; as such, developed economies such as Japan, the United States, the European Union, and Canada have implemented, or are considering, adopting mandatory standards. In 2009, the Council of Australian Governments requested that the Department of Infrastructure and Transport produce a Regulatory Impact Statement on the costs and benefits of mandatory standards in Australia. The introduction of mandatory standards is a contentious issue. It has been strongly opposed by the peak industry body, the Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries, who warn that regulation may impose too great a burden on Australian manufacturers. Other bodies...

Customization in the manufacturing industry: survey results in southeastern Brazil

Graeml, Alexandre Reis; Csillag, João Mário
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
This paper discusses the advantage of using kanban, postponement, modularization, just-in-time, production sequencing, milk-run and cross-docking by companies that intend to increase their flexibility, agility and reliability in order to support web-based businesses. It presents the results of a survey carried out with more than 600 manufacturing companies in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and evaluates the changes that are taking place in operations, in order to make companies better suited to provide customized products, which are made to meet the individual requirements of each customer.

What is print? A Characterization of the printing industry in the United States

Printing Industry Center
Fonte: Printing Industry Center at RIT Publicador: Printing Industry Center at RIT
Tipo: Monograph
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.48%
Print touches our lives constantly in the form of product packaging, books, newspapers, magazines, mail, or any of the wide variety of printed items we use every day. We consume it without even thinking about it. To treat printing as a stand-alone product, service, or process is impossible. It is a manufacturing industry in the strictest sense, but it is also a service industry. There are a number of other industries and services intertwined with printing, such as paper manufacturing, ink manufacturing, equipment manufacturing, print finishing, graphic design, marketing, distribution, mailing, and fulfillment services. This report will briefly touch on these ancillary industries as needed, but is not an exhaustive discussion of the relationships (be they financial, historical, or physical) between all of these and the printing industry. Instead, this report is intended to be an introduction to printing and its many facets. References, an appendix on the history of the industry, and a suggested reading list have been provided for further study.; RIT Printing Industry Center research monograph.

Ergonomic interventions for the furniture manufacturing industry. Part I -- Lift assist devices

Mirka, Gary; Smith, Christy; Shivers, Carrie; Taylor, James
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
The objectives of this intervention research project were to develop and evaluate engineering controls for the reduction of low back injury risk in workers in the furniture manufacturing industry. An analysis of injury/illness records and survey data identified upholsterers and workers in the machine room as two occupations within the industry at elevated risk for low back injury. A detailed ergonomic evaluation of the activities performed by these workers was then performed and the high risk subtasks were identified. The analysis for upholsterers revealed: (1) high forces during the loading and unloading of the furniture to and from the upholstery bucks, (2) static awkward postures (extreme flexion > 501; lateral bending > 201; twisting > 201) during the upholstering of the furniture, and (3) repetitive bending and twisting throughout the operation. For machine room workers, this ergonomic evaluation revealed repetitive bending and twisting (up to 5 lifts/min and sagittal flexion > 801; lateral bending > 151; twisting > 451) when getting wooden components from or moving them to the shop carts that are used to transport these materials. Engineering interventions were then developed and evaluated in the laboratory to document the reduction of exposure to these stressors. The height-adjustable upholstery buck system eliminated the lifting and lowering requirements and affected trunk kinematics during the upholstery operation by reducing peak sagittal angles by up to 79% (average: 52%; range: 27–79%)...

Ergonomic interventions for the furniture manufacturing industry. Part II -- Handtools

Mirka, Gary; Shivers, Carrie; Smith, Christy; Taylor, James
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
The objectives of this intervention research project were to develop and evaluate engineering controls for the reduction of the upper extremity injury risk in workers in the furniture manufacturing industry. The analysis of OSHA Form 200 logs and surveys of furniture workers revealed that upholsterers, workers who use random orbital sanders and workers who use spray guns are at higher levels of risk of illness than the rest of the working population. An on-site ergonomic analysis of these three jobs was performed and the following risk factors were identified for each of these three work groups: upholsterers--repetitive, high-force pinch grips; sanders--long-duration static grip forces; and sprayers--awkward postures (ulnar wrist deviations and wrist flexion). Engineering interventions in the form of new or modified handtools were then evaluated in the laboratory to assess their effectiveness in reducing exposure to these risk factors. For sanding, an interface was created that secured the hand to the sander with the intention of reducing the need for static grip forces during sanding. A new handtool was created for upholsterers that replaced the repetitive pinch grips with a power grip. Finally, a commercially available spray gun with ergonomic features was evaluated. Each of these modified tools/methods was compared with the standard methods typically used in industry. The results show that most of the intended beneficial effects were realized. The random orbital sander interface reduced extensor muscle activities by an average of 30%. The upholstery handtool reduced the intrinsic hand muscle activities by an average of 51%. The effects of the adapted spray gun were most prominent when working on horizontal surfaces and showed an average reduction of 401 of wrist flexion and 141 of ulnar deviation as compared to the standard pistol grip spray gun in this activity.; RIT community members may access full-text via RIT Libraries licensed databases: http://library.rit.edu/databases/

Investment promotion in the South African manufacturing industry: incentive comparisons with Malaysia and Singapore

Wentzel,Martha Susanna Isabella; Steyn,Maxi
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
South Africa needs to increase its inward foreign direct investment (FDI) in order to achieve economic growth. The purpose of this article is to explore which interventions could be launched in the short term to enhance the country's attractiveness for foreign investors. The findings of the literature review demonstrated that incentives, as a determinant of investment, are the short-term intervention with the most significant potential to attract additional FDI. A comparative study, which provided insight into the incentives that are currently offered to the manufacturing sectors of three countries (South Africa, Malaysia and Singapore), assisted in identifying two additional incentives that the South African government could introduce and three existing incentives that could be amended. The introduction or modification of these incentives could ensure that South Africa has a competitive advantage to attract investment from foreign investors and thereby increase its inward FDI in the manufacturing industry.