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Gestão de multinacionais: análise de trajetórias de internacionalização de empresas brasileiras e de estratégias de gestão de subsidiárias.; Multinational management - paths of Brazilian companies internationalization and subsidiaries management strategies.

Vieira, Cristina Rodrigues de Borba
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/12/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
As modificações do ambiente competitivo nos mercados consumidores maduros, o aumento do número de empresas competidoras e a aceleração da propagação de novos conhecimentos e tecnologias vêm provocando alterações nas estratégias das empresas e contribuindo para a ampliação do processo de internacionalização. O Brasil está inserido neste processo, ampliando a participação no mercado internacional, com o aumento do número de empresas de capital nacional com subsidiárias no exterior. As empresas decidem pela aquisição e implantação de unidades industriais no exterior com o intuito de ampliar seus mercados e rendimentos. A subsidiária contribui não apenas para o mercado ao qual serve, mas também para outros mercados, tanto como plataforma exportadora quanto como unidade que gera conhecimento a partir do relacionamento com agentes externos. Dado que o processo de internacionalização é importante tanto para empresas quanto para países, o objetivo em questão é entender qual tem sido a trajetória das empresas brasileiras. Dessa forma, este trabalho analisa a gestão das subsidiárias de empresas brasileiras e os diferentes papéis dessas unidades, pretendendo, além de obter um retrato do cenário atual destas empresas...

Suplementação energética de bovinos mantidos em pastagens tropicais com diferentes estratégias de manejo e seus efeitos sobre o consumo de forragem, comportamento ingestivo e parâmetros metabólicos; Supplementation of cattle maintained in tropical grazing with various management strategies and their effects on forage intake, feeding behavior and metabolic parameters

Santos, Murilo Garrett Moura Ferreira dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito da suplementação energética com dose baixa de milho moído (0 x 0,3% do PC) sobre o consumo de forragem, o comportamento ingestivo e parâmetros metabólicos (ruminais e sanguíneos) em bovinos da raça Nelore, mantidos em pastagem de capim Brachiaria Brizantha cv. Marandu. submetida à duas estratégias de manejo, 25/15cm x 35x21cm como alturas de entrada/saída dos pastos respectivamente. Foram utilizados 8 novilhos Nelores com cânulas no rumen, com PC médio de 414 kg ± 10,32. Foram utilizados 2 quadrados latinos 4X4 simultaneamente. Os animais foram alocados em 2,4 ha de pastagem de capim Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu. Foram estudados 2 níveis de suplementação energética (milho moído) e 2 estratégias de manejo do pastejo: T1) não suplementado e manejo 25/15 cm (alturas pré e póspastejo respectivamente); T2) suplementado com 0,3% do PC em milho moído e manejo 25/15; T3) não suplementado e manejo 35/21 cm (alturas pré e pós-pastejo respectivamente); T4) suplementado com 0,3% do PC em milho moído e manejo e 35/21 cm. Os parâmetros avaliados foram o consumo de forragem, comportamento animal, pH e amônia ruminais, concentrações de ácidos graxos de cadeia curta (AGCC)...

Percepção e conhecimentos de estratégias de gestão para o ingresso no mercado de trabalho dos alunos que cursaram o último ano da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo em 2014; Perception and knowledge of management strategies for entering the labor market for the students who attended the last year of the Faculty of Dentistry of University of São Paulo in 2014

Mota, Jaqueline Montoril Sampaio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/07/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
As Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais para o curso de graduação em Odontologia determinam que, dentro das competências e habilidades que o cirurgião-dentista precisa desenvolver, encontra-se a capacidade de administração e gerenciamento de sua carreira, devendo estar apto para ser empreendedor, gestor e empregador, bem como para exercer papel de liderança dentro das equipes de saúde bucal. Nesse contexto, o objetivo do presente estudo é verificar a percepção e os conhecimentos dos alunos do último ano da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo em relação às estratégias de gestão para o ingresso no mercado de trabalho. Para tanto, foi realizado um estudo transversal, aplicando-se um questionário aos alunos que já haviam cursado a disciplina de Gestão e Planejamento em Odontologia de 2014. Os resultados foram tabulados em planilha Excel e analisados no pacote estatístico STATA 13.0. Dos 109 alunos matriculados na disciplina, 107 (99%) participaram da pesquisa, sendo a amostra composta por média de idade de 25 anos e por 70% dos participantes do gênero feminino. A partir da análise dos resultados, foi possível observar que 35,51% dos alunos sabem descrever com clareza o objetivo da organização na qual pretendem trabalhar; 45...

Pompidou & Pompeia : a parallel between the management strategies of two cultural institutions in the French and Brazilian contexts

Volay, Lea Hejn Larsen
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
A presente pesquisa foi conduzida na forma de um estudo de caso de duas instituições culturais no contexto francês e brasileiro. O Centro Pompidou é um projeto presidencial de museu financiado pelo Estado, com a missão de tornar a arte moderna em todas as suas expressões acessíveis ao público em geral. O Sesc Pompeia é um centro multidisciplinar de cultura e esporte - financiado pelo dinheiro dos impostos e administrado pela Federação do Comércio . O Sesc Pompéia é dedicado à oferta de educação informal através do cultivo da mente e do corpo. O estudo examina se as teorias de dependência de recursos e de poder podem ser utilizadas para conceituar a relação que o Centro Pompidou e do Sesc Pompéia tem com seus stakeholders financeiros. Mais especificamente, será discutido em que medida o grau de dependência influencia a estratégia de gestão das instituições. O objetivo é de responder a pergunta seguinte: quais são as estratégias que as instituições adotam para reduzir sua dependência com relação a seus principais stakeholders financeiros? Finalmente algumas implicações práticas de gestão serão elaboradas a partir do paralelo entre as estratégias das duas instituições.; The present research was conducted in the form of a multiple-case study of the two cultural institutions in the French and the Brazilian contexts. The Pompidou Center is a State-funded presidential museum project...

Biomass flow in Tifton-85 bermudagrass canopy subjected to different management strategies under rotational grazing with dairy goats

Cutrim Junior,José Antonio Alves; Cavalcante,Ana Clara Rodrigues; Cândido,Magno José Duarte; Silva,Gutenberg Lira; Oliveira,Luiza Elvira Vieira; Vasconcelos,Elayne Cristina Gadelha; Mesquita,Tony Maiko Oliveira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Biomass flow characteristics and forage accumulation were evaluated in Bermudagrass (Tifton 85) pasture managed under intermittent stocking with different management strategies. The management levels utilized were conventional (10 cm residual height and unfertilized), light (20 cm residual height and unfertilized), moderate (20 cm residual height with fertilization of 300 kg N/ha.year) and intensive (10 cm residual height with fertilization of 600 kg N/ha.year). A randomized design was used with repeated measurements over time, in two periods of the year, with four replicates. There was significant effect of management × period of the year on the leaf elongation rate (LER). The management levels under fertilization (0.59 and 0.60 cm/tiller.day for the intensive and moderate management, respectively) and the rainy season (0.49 cm/tiller.day) showed the greatest stem elongation rate. Leaf senescence rate (LSR) before and after and total LSR were modified by the management × period of the year interaction. The intensive management, with 0.38 leaves/tiller.day, as well as the dry period, with 0.27 leaves/tiller.day, showed higher leaf appearance rate. The lowest phyllochron was observed in intensive management and dry periods, as well as an interaction with the management of the same periods of the year. There was management × period of year interaction effect on leaf lifespan; the highest value was found under conventional management and dry period. Both production and forage accumulation rates were higher in the intensive and moderate management levels and dry season...

Biomass flow in Tifton-85 bermudagrass canopy subjected to different management strategies under rotational grazing with dairy goats.

CUTRIM JÚNIOR, J. A. A.; CAVALCANTE, A. C. R.; CÂNDIDO, M. J. D.; SILVA, G. L.; OLIVEIRA, L. E. V.; VASCONCELOS, E. C. G.; MESQUITA, T. M. O.
Fonte: Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, Viçosa, MG, v. 42, n. 2, p. 77-86, 2013. Publicador: Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, Viçosa, MG, v. 42, n. 2, p. 77-86, 2013.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Biomass flow characteristics and forage accumulation were evaluated in Bermudagrass (Tifton 85) pasture managed under intermittent stocking with different management strategies. The management levels utilized were conventional (10 cm residual height and unfertilized), light (20 cm residual height and unfertilized), moderate (20 cm residual height with fertilization of 300 kg N/ha.year) and intensive (10 cm residual height with fertilization of 600 kg N/ha.year). A randomized design was used with repeated measurements over time, in two periods of the year, with four replicates. There was significant effect of management × period of the year on the leaf elongation rate (LER). The management levels under fertilization (0.59 and 0.60 cm/tiller.day for the intensive and moderate management, respectively) and the rainy season (0.49 cm/tiller.day) showed the greatest stem elongation rate. Leaf senescence rate (LSR) before and after and total LSR were modified by the management × period of the year interaction. The intensive management, with 0.38 leaves/tiller.day, as well as the dry period, with 0.27 leaves/tiller.day, showed higher leaf appearance rate. The lowest phyllochron was observed in intensive management and dry periods, as well as an interaction with the management of the same periods of the year. There was management × period of year interaction effect on leaf lifespan; the highest value was found under conventional management and dry period. Both production and forage accumulation rates were higher in the intensive and moderate management levels and dry season...

Factors that impact the sustainability of wait time management strategies for total joint replacement surgeries in canadian provinces

Amar, Claudia
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.93%
Pour répondre aux exigences du gouvernement fédéral quant aux temps d’attente pour les chirurgies de remplacement du genou et de la hanche, les établissements canadiens ont adopté des stratégies de gestion des listes d’attentes avec des niveaux de succès variables. Notre question de recherche visait à comprendre Quels facteurs ont permis de maintenir dans le temps un temps d’attente répondant aux exigences du gouvernement fédéral pendant au moins 6-12 mois? Nous avons développé un modèle possédant quatre facteurs, inspiré du modèle de Parsons (1977), afin d’analyser les facteurs comprenant la gouvernance, la culture, les ressources, et les outils. Trois études de cas ont été menées. En somme, le 1er cas a été capable d’obtenir les exigences pendant six mois mais incapable de les maintenir, le 2e cas a été capable de maintenir les exigences > 18 mois et le 3e cas a été incapable d’atteindre les objectifs. Des documents furent recueillis et des entrevues furent réalisées auprès des personnes impliquées dans la stratégie. Les résultats indiquent que l’hôpital qui a été en mesure de maintenir le temps d’attente possède certaines caractéristiques: réalisation exclusive de chirurgie de remplacement de la hanche et du genou...

A Cross-Country Analysis of Public Debt Management Strategies

Melecky, Martin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
This paper analyzes results of a survey on debt management strategies conducted by the Banking and Debt Management Department of the World Bank. The analysis focuses on (1) whether a public debt management strategy exists in a given country, (2) whether it is made public, and (3) in which form it is imparted. The paper analyzes the distribution of the latter characteristics over different regions, income groups, and levels of indebtedness using graphical analysis. Using regression analysis, it investigates the extent to which basic economic factors can explain the characteristics of public debt management strategies across countries.

Formalizing a Debt Management Strategy

Magnusson, Tomas I.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
In short, central government debt management can be defined as the process of establishing and executing a strategy in order to meet the debt management objectives. Undoubtedly, the development of the strategy is the most important debt management decision. Given the market constraints, it is the strategy document that decides on issues such as the level of exposure to foreign currency risk, desired maturity structure of the debt, level of interest rate sensitivity, whether and how much of the debt should be indexed to inflation, and the plan for development of the domestic debt markets. If the government has chosen a strategy that turns out to be too risky, or, at the other end of the spectrum, too costly in order to avoid any risk, it will affect the budget outcome much harder than any misprized and/or badly timed debt management transaction. This paper will discuss the appropriate organizational arrangement, internal procedures and regulatory framework for a successful and sustainable development of debt management strategies.

Risk management strategies by Australian farmers

Nguyen, N.; Wegener, M.; Russell, I.; Cameron, D.; Coventry, D.; Cooper, I.
Fonte: International Farm Management Association Publicador: International Farm Management Association
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.04%
Australian farmers operate in one of the most risky environment in the world. They have to cope with various sources of risk in their businesses. This paper reports results of two case studies undertaken to examine the issues of farming risks and risk management strategies in Australia. The first case study found that climate variability, financial risk, marketing risk, and personal risk were regarded as the major sources of farming risk in the Upper Eyre Peninsula of South Australia. The main management strategies used by farmers included diversifying varieties, minimising tillage, minimising area of risky crops and maximising area of the least-risky crop, having high equity, having farm management deposits and other off-farm investments, and “leaving marketing to experts”. The second case study revealed that climate variability was ranked as the most important source of farming risk in southwest Queensland. This was then followed by financial risks, government policy, and marketing risks. The main management strategies used were enterprise diversification (having predominantly cattle and farming cash crops), conserving moisture, using zero till planting, diversified sales (selling only part of the farm’s production at any one time)...

A study of subclinical mastitis in two herds, one managed organically, the other conventionally, and the effect of different management strategies

Thatcher, A.; Martin, N.; Petrovski, K.R.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
Mastitis in two herds managed as a comparison between organic and conventional dairy farming systems was monitored for 8 years utilising regular bacterial culture of milk samples, individual and bulk somatic cell counts, and observation by farm staff. The aim of the project was to develop strategies for the control of mastitis in organic cows without the use of antibiotics. The most important isolates in pure cultures were coagulase-negative staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus uberis and the common contaminant Bacillus spp. Positive cultures were generally not associated with subclinical mastitis. Within a set of key control measures, two management strategies were trialled, one of which reduced the prevalence of subclinical mastitis to very low levels.; Alan Thatcher, Natalia Martin, Kiro R. Petrovski

A Study Of Food Environments And Food Management Strategies Among African American Households In Gary, Indiana

Gates, Darleesa
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
African-Americans are disproportionately affected with food-related diseases. In fact, making healthy dietary choices—which is a frequent recommendation to reduce overweight and obesity, is not always feasible with presence of food deserts in many low-income communities. Income inequalities are the basis for many of the nation’s health disparities, and individuals’ food management strategies are often shaped by what they can afford and what is available to them. Unfortunately, low-income African-American communities compared to higher-income White communities often lack access to healthy food options and/or are not in close proximity to healthy quality grocery stores (Alwitt & Donley, 1997; Morland, Wing, Diez Roux, & Poole, 2002; Zenk, Schulz, Israel, Kames, Bao, & Wilson, 2005). Therefore, in order to effectively address food related disease within African-American populations, it is important to understand the complexities surrounding eating environments (i.e. social and cultural factors influencing aspects of food purchasing, access to safe and nutritious food and overall food management strategies). The aim of the proposed small-scale study is to examine differences and similarities in food purchase and consumption strategies of African American households during perceived periods of food shortage and financial crisis. A better understanding of food choices and food environments among African American households is essential for the development of appropriate and culturally sensitive public health interventions that inform research and practice. Thus...

Management strategies for sustainable invertebrate fisheries in coastal ecosystems of Galicia (NW Spain)

Freire, Juan (1966-); Bernárdez Martí, Cristina; Corgos López-Prado, Antonio; Fernández Rodríguez, Luis José; González Gurriarán, Eduardo; Sampedro Pastor, María Paz; Verísimo Amor, Patricia
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publishers Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.92%
Artisanal coastal invertebrate fisheries in Galicia are socio-economically important and ecologically relevant. Their management, however, has been based on models of fish population dynamics appropriate for highly mobile demersal or pelagic resources and for industrial fisheries. These management systems focus on regulating fishing effort, but in coastal ecosystems activities that change or destruct key habitats may have a greater effect on population abundance than does fishing mortality. The Golfo Artabro was analysed as a representative example of a coastal ecosystem in Galicia, and the spider crab "Maja squinado" used as a model of an exploited coastal invertebrate, for which shallow coastal areas are key habitats for juvenile stages. The commercial legal gillnet fishery for the spider crab harvests adults during their reproductive migrations to deep waters and in their wintering habitats. Illegal fisheries operate in shallow waters. The annual rate of exploitation is higher to 90%, and lower to 10% of the primiparous females reproduce effectively at least once. A simple spatially-explicit cohort model was constructed to simulate the population dynamics of spider crab females. Yield- and egg-per-recruit analyses corresponding to different exploitation regimes were performed to compare management policies directed to control the fishing effort or to protect key habitats. It was found that the protection of juvenile habitats could allow increases in yield and reproductive effort higher than in the present system...

Risk management strategies by Australian farmers: two case studies

Nguyen, N.; Wegener, M.; Russell, I.; Coventry, D.; Cooper, I.
Fonte: Charles Sturt University, Australian Farm Business Management Network Publicador: Charles Sturt University, Australian Farm Business Management Network
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.08%
Australian farmers operate in one of the most risky farming environments in the world. They have to cope with numerous sources of risk including weather uncertainty, variable market prices, and institutional changes in their business management. This paper reports results from two case studies undertaken to examine the issues of farming risks and risk management strategies in Australia. The first case study found that unpredictable weather, financial risk, marketing risk, and personal risk were regarded as the major sources of risk among farmers in the Upper Eyre Peninsula of South Australia. The main risk management strategies used by farmers in that region included diversifying crop varieties, adopting minimum tillage farming practices, minimising the area of risky crops and maximising the area of less-risky crops. They also regarded high equity, having farm management deposits, and other off-farm investments as appropriate risk management strategies, and mostly 'left marketing to the experts'. The second case study among dryland cropping farmers in southwest Queensland revealed that weather uncertainty was ranked as the most important source of risk in farming in that area. The risk from weather uncertainty was then followed by financial risks...

Ensuring Robust Flood Risk Management in Ho Chi Minh City

Lempert, Robert; Kalra, Nidhi; Peyraud, Suzanne; Mao, Zhimin; Tan, Sinh Bach; Cira, Dean; Lotsch, Alexander
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
Ho Chi Minh City faces significant and growing flood risk. Recent risk reduction efforts may be insufficient as climate and socio-economic conditions diverge from projections made when those efforts were initially planned. This study demonstrates how robust decision making can help Ho Chi Minh City develop integrated flood risk management strategies in the face of such deep uncertainty. Robust decision making is an iterative, quantitative, decision support methodology designed to help policy makers identify strategies that are robust, that is, satisfying decision makers' objectives in many plausible futures, rather than being optimal in any single estimate of the future. This project used robust decision making to analyze flood risk management in Ho Chi Minh City's Nhieu Loc-Thi Nghe canal catchment area. It found that the soon-to-be-completed infrastructure may reduce risk in best estimates of future conditions, but it may not keep risk low in many other plausible futures. Thus, the infrastructure may not be sufficiently robust. The analysis further suggests that adaptation and retreat measures...

Demand Management Strategies of North Carolina Public Water Systems

Childs, Rush
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project Formato: 253418 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
The traditional approach to water resources management in the Southeastern United States does not take full advantage of economic tools for managing scarcity. It fails to prevent economically inefficient uses of water, imposes additional costs to downstream users, and degrades the natural environment. The recent drought in the Southeastern United States reveals these shortcomings and indicates that water supply planners should be aware of the role of demand management in reducing waste and misallocation during times of water stress. This analysis draws on data from the State of North Carolina’s Local Water Supply Plan Database. In the absence of statewide standards for technical and economic efficiency, it examines the decision of public water systems to voluntarily adopt demand management practices. An empirical model of water use is then estimated to determine the effectiveness of current demand management strategies, as employed by North Carolina public water systems. Results of the analysis confirm the view held by experts; individual demand management strategies are context-specific and should be adopted with careful attention to local conditions. In North Carolina, the degree of demand management pursued by public systems reflects a policy choice of system managers...

Social justice praxis in education: Towards sustainable management strategies

van Deventer,Idilette; van der Westhuizen,Philip C; Potgieter,Ferdinand J
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.03%
Social justice, defined as an impetus towards a socially just educational world, is based on the assumption that all people, irrespective of belief or societal position, are entitled to be treated according to the values of human rights, human dignity and equality. Diverging from the classical positivist approach in social science research that takes injustice as its impetus, the researchers departed from a socio-rationalist approach into exploring sustainable management strategies for effective social justice praxis. This approach has enabled the construction of a conceptual-theoretical framework and an iterative qualitative inquiry, which has as its central principal the sustainable management strategies for effective social justice praxis. Four key findings affirmed the belief that good praxis was to be found in Gemeinschaft relationships, in the influence exerted by government and education systems and structures, where government and principals were found to be co-responsible in ensuring that the best interest of the child was served. This responsibility included practices found in collaborative efforts, where communities became the guardians of their schools due to a disciplined school that followed constitutional values. Lastly...

Updating public participation in IWRM: a proposal for a focused and structured engagement with Catchment Management Strategies

du Toit,Derick; Pollard,Sharon
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Despite the strong emphasis on public participation in the National Water Act (NWA), South Africa has yet to implement a comprehensive and functional approach to public engagement at the level of Water Management Areas. Part of the problem is that actual requirements are not explicitly articulated anywhere. This has led to the situation where public participatory processes are poorly conceptualised, misdirected and often perceived as confusing by stakeholders. 'Participation fatigue' is the consequence of this accompanied by a growing frustration with the implementation of the content of the Act. The intention for decentralised democratic water resources management is consequently seriously jeopardised if the public participation processes are not clearly presented in the public domain. In this paper we draw on a number of sources, namely a national pilot integrated catchment management programme called the Save the Sand Project initiated in the north-eastern part of SA, a Water Research Commission project on public participation and a DWAF project that funded the exploration of public participation in the Sand River Catchment. The latter (2005 -2007) supported a better understanding of public participation processes and dynamics in a high-density rural catchment...

Integrated water resource management in complex systems: how the catchment management strategies seek to achieve sustainability and equity in water resources in South Africa

Pollard,Sharon; du Toit,Derick
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
It is increasingly evident amongst practitioners and academics alike that the management approaches of the past have failed to deal adequately with the challenges posed by complex and rapidly changing systems. Indeed the call for integrated approaches such as those embodied in integrated water resource management (IWRM) reflects such concerns. This is because these systems are characterised by complexity in which an understanding of linkages, multiple drivers and unpredictable outcomes is critical. It is also widely recognised that the management of such systems requires an iterative, 'learning-by-doing' approach that is reflexive in nature and builds learning into the next management cycle. We suggest that any attempt to define and implement viable and effective governance of water resources, as well as rehabilitation measures, requires understanding that catchments are complex systems showing the aforementioned characteristics. As a corollary, an adaptive management approach appears best suited to such conditions. In this paper we argue that South Africa's highly-acclaimed National Water Act and associated policy documents such as the National Water Resource Strategy is an example of a policy document that reflects this thinking...

Self-care symptom-management strategies amongst women living with HIV/AIDS in an urban area in KwaZulu-Natal

Modeste,Regis R. Marie; Majeke,Sisana J.
Fonte: Health SA Gesondheid (Online) Publicador: Health SA Gesondheid (Online)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
People living with HIV and AIDS experience a number of symptoms such as fatigue, nausea and vomiting, fever and anxiety during the various stages of the illness. This has a negative effect on their quality of life. Women are the most commonly infected group and are at greater risk of acquiring HIV than men. In addition to their vulnerability, women have other responsibilities in society and expectations from society to fulfil. Women's health-seeking and health practice behaviours are often hindered by a number of factors, including family responsibilities, poverty and fear. This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study aimed at exploring the self-care symptommanagement strategies used by women living with HIV and AIDS in an urban area in KwaZulu-Natal in 2006. Eleven participants were selected through a purposive sampling method until saturation was reached. Individuals were assessed in depth, using the symptom-management strategy interview. Qualitative content analysis was used to examine the transcribed interviews, using a deductive approach based on the categories of self-care symptom-management strategies. Various physical and psychological symptoms and a number of self-care symptom-management strategies were reported by the participants and these included taking medication and seeking help. The study makes recommendations on how to improve women's ability to employ a self-care strategy in managing their HIV- and AIDS-related symptoms.