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Effects of Cold Stress, Corticosterone and Catecholamines on Phagocytosis in Mice: Differences between Resting and Activated Macrophages

BACCAN, Gyselle C.; SESTI-COSTA, Renata; CHEDRAOUI-SILVA, Silvana; MANTOVANI, Bernardo
Fonte: KARGER Publicador: KARGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Objective: We subjected mice to acute cold stress and studied the effect on phagocytosis by peritoneal macrophages mediated by 3 types of phagocytic receptors: Fc gamma, complement receptors 3 (CR3) and mannose and beta-glucan receptors. Methods: Mice were subjected to a cold stress condition (4 C for 4 h), and then peritoneal macrophages were harvested and phagocytosis assays performed in vitro. Results: We found a striking difference between resting and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated macrophages (by intraperitoneal injection of LPS 4 days before the stress experiment): for resting macrophages cold stress caused a decrease in phagocytosis mediated by Fc gamma or mannose receptors, while for activated macrophages we observed an increase in phagocytosis by the 3 types of receptors. These effects were associated with an increase in plasma concentrations of corticosterone and catecholamines following the cold stress. In order to verify whether these hormone changes could account for the observed effects on phagocytosis, we performed in vitro assays by incubating macrophages harvested from nonstressed animals with these hormones for 4 h at 37 degrees C and measuring their phagocytic capacity. The following experiments were done: (a) with resting (nonactivated) macrophages; (b) with macrophages previously activated in vitro by incubation with LPS; (c) with macrophages previously activated in vivo by intraperitoneal injection of mice with LPS...

Glicação avançada em macrófagos diminui o conteúdo dos receptores de HDL - ABCA-1 e ABCG-1- e induz acúmulo intracelular de 7 -cetocolesterol; Advanced Glycation in macrophages decreases the content of the HDL receptor ABCA-1 and ABCG-1 - and induces intracellular accumulation of 7-ketocholesterol

Iborra, Rodrigo Tallada
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/12/2011 PT
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36.56%
Produtos de glicação avançada (AGE) alteram o metabolismo de lípides e, em especial, o efluxo de colesterol de macrófagos, por meio da redução dos receptores ABCA-1 e ABCG-1. Isto prejudica o transporte reverso de colesterol, sistema que favorece o fluxo de colesterol de macrófagos arteriais ao fígado, permitindo sua excreção na bile e eliminação fecal. Óxidos de colesterol modulam favoravelmente a homeostase lipídica em macrófagos e favorecem o transporte reverso de colesterol, embora o acúmulo de 7-cetocolesterol, 7-hidroxicolesterol e 7-hidroxicolesterol associe-se à aterogênese e morte celular. Neste estudo, avaliou-se o efeito do tratamento com glicolaldeído (GAD; oxoaldeído que induz rápida geração intracelular de AGE), em macrófagos sobrecarregados com LDL oxidada e incubados com HDL ou HDL e indutor de LXR (T0901317) sobre: 1) a distribuição seletiva de óxidos de colesterol e o conteúdo total de esteróis intracelulares e 2) o conteúdo de ABCA-1 e ABCG-1. Colesterol total e os diversos subtipos de óxidos de colesterol foram determinados por cromatografia a gás acoplada à espectrômetro de massa. O conteúdo dos receptores de HDL (ABCA-1 e ABCG-1) foi avaliado por imunoblot. Em macrófagos controles (C)...

Caracterização de receptores de patógenos envolvidos na interação entre Paracoccidioides brasiliensis e macrófagos de camundongos resistentes e suscetíveis ao fungo.; Characterization of pathogen receptors involved in the interaction between Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and macrophages from resistant and susceptible mice.

Feriotti, Claudia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/09/2011 PT
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36.58%
A paracoccidioidomicose é uma micose sistêmica da América Latina causada pelo fungo dimórfico Paraccoccidioides brasiliensis. Os TLRs, e os CLRs são "Receptores de Reconhecimento Padrão" (PRRs) que reconhecem os "Padrões Moleculares Associados aos Patógenos" (PAMPs). O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar os receptores de macrófagos de camundongos resistentes (A/J) e susceptíveis (B10.A) ao P. brasiliensis envolvidos na interação com o fungo, através do estudo do efeito do tratamento dos macrófagos com agonistas ou antagonistas dos receptores de manose (MR), receptores do tipo Toll 4 (TLR4), receptores de beta-glucanas (dectina-1) e receptores de complemento CR3 (CD11b/CD18), na interação fungo-macrófago. O tratamento dos macrófagos com o agonista de MR (manana), ativou ambos os macrófagos A/J e B10.A. O bloqueio dos receptores MR, TLR4 e CR3 com anticorpos monoclonais específicos, induziu inibição dos macrófagos, mostrando a importância destes receptores no reconhecimento dos carboidratos presentes na parede do fungo. O tratamento com os agonistas de dectina-1 (laminarina e curdlan) induziram ativação dos macrófagos, porém de maneira distinta entre as linhagens. A laminarina pareceu ativar macrófagos B10.A e inibir A/J; curdlan por sua vez...

Análise da interação entre Paracoccidioides brasiliensis e macrófagos através de receptores de tipo Notch; Analysis of the interaction between P. brasiliensis and macrophages via Notch-type receptors

Romera, Lavínia Maria Dal'Mas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/08/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.54%
A paracoccidioidomicose (PCM) é uma micose sistêmica de natureza profunda e granulomatosa, que afeta preferencialmente o tecido pulmonar causada pelo Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, um fungo que exibe dimorfismo térmico. O P. brasiliensis interage com células apresentadoras de antígenos (APCs), alterando suas principais funções biológicas. Entre as APCs, os macrófagos são células que desempenham um papel importante na indução e regulação da resposta imune e/ou inflamatória. São células do sistema fagocítico mononuclear que podem discriminar entre o que é próprio do organismo e os patógenos, através da expressão de receptores de reconhecimento padrão (PRR) que reconhecem padrões moleculares associados à patógenos (PAMPs), sendo células importantes no processo de fagocitose controlando o crescimento destes patógenos. Recentemente tem sido demonstrada a importância dos receptores Notch na regulação da atividade de macrófagos e do sistema imune. Os ligantes de Notch estão envolvidos nas locais inflamatórios de infecção devido ao aumento da expressão dos mesmos na superfície de células envolvidas neste processo. Considerando que a sinalização Notch pode estar envolvida na modulação da função de macrófagos...

Efeito do desmame precoce e da suplementação com glutamina, in vitro e in vivo, sobre a funcionalidade de macrófagos peritoniais e o estado nutricional de camundongos; Effect of precocious weaning and in vitro and in vivo supplementation with glutamine on the functionality of peritoneal macrophages and on the nutritional state of mice

Rogero, Marcelo Macedo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/08/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.54%
Bebês precocemente desmamados apresentam maior incidência de infecções, o que sugere que a ausência de ingestão de alguns fatores presentes no leite materno possa modificar processos de defesa. A glutamina (GLN) está presente em concentração significativa no leite materno, sendo o aumento de sua concentração diretamente proporcional ao período de aleitamento. Esse aminoácido é essencial para a funcionalidade de macrófagos, que apresentam aumento da utilização de GLN durante processos inflamatórios e infecciosos. Bebês apresentam necessidade aumentada de GLN, que é suprida pela ingestão do leite materno, enquanto bebês precocemente desmamados dependem da síntese endógena e do fornecimento exógeno de GLN; todavia, a concentração de GLN em fórmulas infantis artificiais é significantemente baixa ou inexistente. Diante desses fatos, o presente projeto avaliou: (i) o efeito do desmame precoce associado à ingestão de ração isenta e suplementada de GLN sobre a funcionalidade de macrófagos peritoniais e o estado nutricional de camundongos; (ii) o efeito da suplementação com GLN in vitro sobre a funcionalidade de macrófagos peritoniais de camundongos desmamados precocemente e alimentados com ração isenta de GLN; e (iii) o efeito da suplementação crônica com GLN in vivo sobre a funcionalidade de macrófagos peritoniais e o estado nutricional de camundongos desmamados precocemente e inoculados com bacilo de Calmette-Guérin (BCG). O desmame precoce associado à ingestão de ração isenta de GLN reduz o crescimento de camundongos e a concentração de proteína presente no fígado...

Treinamento físico aeróbio em camundongos selvagens e transgênicos para CETP não altera a remoção de colesterol celular e a expressão de genes envolvidos no fluxo de lípides em macrófagos e arco aórtico; Aerobic exercise training in wild type and CETP transgenic mice does not affect cellular cholesterol removal and expression of genes involved in lipid lipid flux in macrophages and aortic arch

Pinto, Paula Ramos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/07/2015 PT
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36.58%
O exercício físico regular contribui para prevenção e redução da aterosclerose, em grande parte, por melhorar o perfil lipídico e o transporte reverso de colesterol (TRC). O TRC é um sistema antiaterogênico que promove a remoção do excesso de colesterol de macrófagos pelas apo A-I e HDL e seu transporte ao fígado, com eliminação de colesterol na bile e fezes. Em camundongos selvagens e transgênicos para proteína de transferência de colesterol esterificado (CETP-tg), o treinamento físico aumentou a transferência de colesterol radioativo de macrófagos para o plasma, fígado e fezes e o conteúdo dos receptores B-E e SR-BI no fígado. Em leucócitos, hepatócitos e enterócitos, o exercício físico aumentou a expressão do receptor de HDL, ABCA-1. Entretanto, não é claro se o exercício físico modula o fluxo de lípides em macrófagos, o que seria determinante para a primeira etapa do TRC. Assim sendo, avaliou-se, em camundongos selvagens e CETP-tg, o efeito do treinamento físico aeróbio sobre: 1) a expressão de genes envolvidos no fluxo de lípides, modulação da resposta inflamatória, vasodilatadora e antioxidante: Pparg (PPAR?), Nr1h3 (LXRalfa), Nr1h2 (LXRbeta), Abca1 (ABCA-1), Abcg1 (ABCG-1), Scarb1 (SR-BI)...

Infecção de macrofagos originados de monocitos primarios humanos com o parasito Leishmania amazonensis em microambientes normoxico e hipoxico; Leishmania amazonensis infection in macrophages derived from primary monocytes, in normoxic and hypoxic microenvironments

Marcos Eduardo Lamas de Albuquerque
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/01/2006 PT
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36.55%
A leishmaniose tegumentar é uma parasitose causada por protozoários do gênero Leishmania que acomete preferencialmente a pele e/ou as mucosas e caracteriza-se pelo aparecimento de lesões ulcerosas. Histologicamente, esta lesão caracteriza-se pela desintegração da epiderme e da membrana basal, com grande incidência de histiócitos, linfócitos, granulomas e proliferação de parasitos. Como conseqüência, a região lesada apresenta redistribuição de vasos sanguíneos, e dificuldades na difusão de oxigênio, resultando em microambiente hipóxico. Macrófagos se adaptam a hipóxia, alterando seu metabolismo, produção de linfocinas e atividade fagocítica. No presente trabalho comparamos os efeitos da hipóxia (6% O2) e da normóxia (21% O2) na infecção in vitro de macrófagos humanos obtidos de monócitos de sangue periférico com o parasito Leishmania amazonensis. Culturas de macrófagos humanos expostos a hipóxia antes da infecção com L. amazonensis mostraram redução na porcentagem de células infectadas quando comparadas com culturas de macrófagos humanos que permaneceram em normóxia. Nós também investigamos se a hipóxia estaria inviabilizando a sobrevivência dos macrófagos (teste do MTT) e induzindo a produção da linfocina TNF-? (boiensaio com células L929). Macrófagos humanos submetidos à hipóxia não mostraram diferenças significativas em relação viabilidade quando comparados aos macrófagos que permaneceram em ambiente normóxico culturas de macrófagos humanos estimulados com LPS e submetidos a períodos de hipóxia produziram mais TNF- ? do que culturas de macrófagos estimulados com LPS que permaneceram em normóxia. Porém quando infectados com L. amazonensis...

Estudos de alterações funcionais de macrofagos submetidos a hipoxia no modelo in vitro da leishmaniose; Studies of funcional alterations of macrophages submetted to hypoxia in ana in vitro model of leishmaniasis

Adriana Degrossoli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/08/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
Diversas patologias provocam mudanças na pressão parcial de oxigênio, tornando o microambiente tecidual hipóxico. O interesse em analisar as alterações fenotípicas de células em hipóxia deve-se a necessidade de entender os mecanismos patológicos e a resistência aos tratamentos e ao desenvolvimento de terapias celulares. Células como os macrófagos adaptam-se a hipóxia modificando o metabolismo e a produção de citocinas. As lesões causadas pelo parasita intracelular Leishmania amazonensis são hipóxicas e o cultivo de macrófagos (células hospedeiras da Leishmania) em hipóxia induz redução da infecção com o parasita e modula a expressão de proteínas do choque térmico, indicando alterações funcionais e estruturais em ambiente hipóxico. Neste trabalho avaliamos os mecanismos responsáveis pela resistência destas células ao parasita em hipóxia e as modificações dos macrófagos causadas por este microambiente. Macrófagos cultivados em hipóxia não apresentam alterações na produção de óxido nítrico (NO) e na expressão da sua enzima produtora, óxido nítrico sintase (iNOS). Além disso, macrófagos knockout para enzima iNOS, que não produzem NO, são capazes de reduzir a infecção por L. amazonensis semelhante a macrófagos selvagens...

Effect of monocytes/macrophages on the early osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs

Pirraco, R. P.; Reis, R. L.; Marques, A. P.
Fonte: Wiley & Sons, Inc. Publicador: Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.54%
Heterotypic cell interactions are essential for the homeostasis of bone tissue, in particular the widely studied interaction between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Closely related with osteoclasts are monocytes/macrophages. These have been shown to produce osteogenic factors, e.g. BMP-2, which plays a key role in bone metabolism. However, the mechanisms through which monocytes/macrophages interact with osteoblasts are still elusive. The aim of this work was to assess the influence of human peripheral blood monocytes/macrophages over the early osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) in the presence of dexamethasone-supplemented medium. The co-cultures were performed using porous transwells that allowed the interaction between both cell types through the production of paracrine factors. The potential effect of BMP-2 produced by monocytes/macrophages was addressed by adding an anti-BMP-2 antibody to the co-cultures. hBMSCs cultured in the presence of monocytes/macrophages had a higher proliferation rate than hBMSCs monocultures. The quantification of early osteogenic marker alkaline phosphatase (ALP) revealed higher activity of this enzyme in cells in the co-culture throughout the time of culture. Both of these effects were inhibited by adding an anti-BMP-2 antibody to the cultures. Moreover...

Effect of low-level laser therapy on the modulation of the mitochondrial activity of macrophages

Souza,Nadhia H. C.; Ferrari,Raquel A. M.; Silva,Daniela F. T.; Nunes,Fabio D.; Bussadori,Sandra K.; Fernandes,Kristianne P. S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
BACKGROUND: Macrophages play a major role among the inflammatory cells that invade muscle tissue following an injury. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has long been used in clinical practice to accelerate the muscle repair process. However, little is known regarding its effect on macrophages. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of LLLT on the mitochondrial activity (MA) of macrophages. METHOD: J774 macrophages were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon - gamma (IFN-γ) (activation) for 24 h to simulate an inflammatory process, then irradiated with LLLT using two sets of parameters (780 nm; 70 mW; 3 J/cm2 and 660 nm; 15 mW; 7.5 J/cm2). Non-activated/non-irradiated cells composed the control group. MA was evaluated by the cell mitochondrial activity (MTT) assay (after 1, 3 and 5 days) in three independent experiments. The data were analyzed statistically. RESULTS: After 1 day of culture, activated and 780 nm irradiated macrophages showed lower MA than activated macrophages, but activated and 660 nm irradiated macrophages showed MA similar to activated cells. After 3 days, activated and irradiated (660 nm and 780 nm) macrophages showed greater MA than activated macrophages, and after 5 days, the activated and irradiated (660 nm and 780 nm) macrophages showed similar MA to the activated macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that 660 nm and 780 nm LLLT can modulate the cellular activation status of macrophages in inflammation...

M2-Polarized tumor-associated macrophages are associated with poor prognoses resulting from accelerated lymphangiogenesis in lung adenocarcinoma

Zhang,Bicheng; Yao,Guoqing; Zhang,Yafei; Gao,Juan; Yang,Bo; Rao,Zhiguo; Gao,Jianfei
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.55%
OBJECTIVES: Tumor-associated macrophages have been implicated in promoting tumor growth, progression and metastasis. However, the activated phenotype (M1 or M2) of tumor-associated macrophages remains unknown in solid tumors. Therefore, this study examined the density and prognostic significance of M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophages in lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Tumor specimens from 65 lung adenocarcinoma patients were assessed by ELISA for Th1/Th2 cytokine concentrations. The activated phenotype (M1 or M2) of tumor-associated macrophages was determined utilizing immunofluorescence staining. Additionally, to evaluate lymphangiogenesis, peritumoral lymphatic microvessel density was measured using D2-40. The correlation between tumor-associated macrophage subtype and overall patient survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. RESULTS: A shift toward Th2 cytokine expression was detected within lung adenocarcinoma microenvironments. Approximately 79.71±16.27% of tumor-associated macrophages were M2 polarized; the remaining 20.35±5.31% were M1 polarized. The infiltration of M2-polarized macrophages was significantly associated with P-TNM staging and lymph node metastasis. The peritumoral lymphatic microvessel density was significantly higher in the high M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophage group than in the low M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophage group. A significant difference in overall patient survival was detected not only between patients with tumors with high and low macrophage counts but also between patients with tumors with high and low counts of M2-polarized macrophages. CONCLUSION: Tumor-associated macrophages in lung adenocarcinoma have an M2-polarized subtype and are associated with poor prognoses...

M2-polarized macrophages promote metastatic behavior of Lewis lung carcinoma cells by inducing vascular endothelial growth factor-C expression

Zhang,Bicheng; Zhang,Yafei; Yao,Guoqing; Gao,Juan; Yang,Bo; Zhao,Yong; Rao,Zhiguo; Gao,Jianfei
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
OBJECTIVES: Tumor-associated macrophages that generally exhibit an alternatively activated (M2) phenotype have been linked to tumor progression and metastasis. However, the role of M2-polarized macrophages in the growth and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma remains enigmatic. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of M2 macrophages on the proliferation and migration of mouse Lewis lung carcinoma cells and tumor-induced lymphangiogenesis. METHODS: Trypan blue staining and the Transwell migration assay were performed to evaluate the effects of activated (M1 or M2) macrophages on the proliferation and migration of Lewis cells. Furthermore, vascular endothelial growth factor-C expression in Lewis cells and nitric oxide secretion from activated macrophages were detected during the co-culture assay. Following treatment with activated macrophages, lymphatic endothelial cells differentiated into capillary-like structures, and the induction of Lewis cell migration was assessed using a twodimensional Matrigel-based assay. RESULTS: In the co-culture Transwell system, the proliferation and migration of Lewis cells were promoted by M2 macrophages. Moreover, the co-culture significantly increased the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-C by Lewis cells and reduced the secretion of nitric oxide from M2 macrophages...

Rôle des macrophages contre Candida albicans chez la souris transgénique exprimant le génome du VIH-1

Bélanger-Trudelle, Emilie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
La candidose oropharyngée (COP) constitue l’infection fongique opportuniste la plus fréquente chez les patients infectés au VIH-1. Malgré la profonde immunosuppression causée par le VIH-1, l’infection à Candida albicans demeure confinée au niveau de la muqueuse buccale sans dissémination aux organes profonds. La souris transgénique (Tg) CD4C/HIVMut exprimant le génome tronqué du VIH-1 présente, suite à l’inoculation orale de C. albicans, une COP chronique reproduisant fidèlement l’infection chez les patients séropositifs. Cette souris Tg a donc été utilisée afin de déterminer si les macrophages contribuent au confinement de C. albicans à la muqueuse buccale. Cette étude a permis de démontrer que i) les macrophages sont recrutés aux muqueuses buccale et gastrique en réponse au champignon malgré l’expression du transgène, ii) les macrophages de ces souris Tg présentent une polarisation vers un phénotype d’activation alternative et iii) la production de monoxyde d’azote par les macrophages des souris Tg n’est pas requise pour limiter la prolifération de Candida à la muqueuse buccale et pour restreindre sa dissémination aux organes profonds. Les macrophages ne semblent donc pas directement responsables de l’établissement de l’infection chronique à Candida chez la souris Tg CD4C/HIVMut.; Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) is the most frequent opportunistic fungal infection among HIV-infected patients. Despite the profound immunosuppression caused by HIV-1...

Régulation du métabolisme et du transport des lipides dans les macrophages : potentiel anti-athérosclérotique des ligands du CD36

Bujold, Kim
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
Les maladies cardiovasculaires sont la principale cause de morbidité et de mortalité dans les pays industrialisés. Le récepteur CD36, exprimé à la surface des macrophages, joue un rôle déterminant dans l’internalisation des lipoprotéines oxydées menant à la formation des cellules spumeuses dans l’espace sous endothélial, première étape du développement des lésions athérosclérotiques. Nous avons montré précédemment que les sécrétines de l’hormone de croissance sont des ligands du récepteur CD36 qui possèdent un site de liaison qui chevauche celui des lipoprotéines oxydées. Cependant, aucune étude n’avait rapporté les effets potentiels des ligands sélectifs du CD36 sur la progression des lésions athérosclérotiques et le métabolisme lipidique au niveau des macrophages. Ainsi, ce projet de doctorat visait à évaluer le potentiel anti-athérosclérotique du EP 80317, un ligand sélectif du CD36, et élucider les mécanismes à l’origine de ses effets sur le métabolisme et le transport des lipides au niveau des macrophages. À cette fin, des souris déficientes en apolipoprotéine E (apoE-/-), nourries avec une diète riche en lipides et en cholestérol, ont été traitées quotidiennement pendant 12 semaines avec le EP 80317...

Metallophilic macrophages are fully developed in the thymus of autoimmune regulator (Aire)-deficient mice

Milcevic, N.; Milicevic, Z.; Milkovic, M.; Labudovic-Borovic, M.; Laan, M.; Peterson, P.; Kisand, K.; Scott, H.; Qu, N.; Westermann, J.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Thymic metallophilic macrophages represent a significant component in the thymus physiology. Recently, we showed their presence to be dependent on functional lymphotoxin-beta receptor (LT beta R) signaling pathway. However, it is unknown whether the development of metallophilic macrophages also requires the Autoimmune regulator (Aire) transcription factor, as suggested by some studies for medullary thymic epithelial cells, or perhaps the presence of Aire-expressing thymic epithelial cells themselves. Therefore, we investigated the presence of metallophilic macrophages in Aire-deficient thymus. Our study shows that the metallophilic macrophages are fully developed in the Aire-deficient thymus; their development is not regulated via Aire transcription factor and does not require the presence of Aire-expressing epithelial cells. On the contrary, in alymphoplasia (ALY) mice (deficient in nuclear factor-kappaB-inducing kinase, NIK), which we used as negative control, thymic metallophilic macrophages are completely lacking, similarly as in LT beta R-deficient animals. Together, these results show that the development/maintenance of thymic metallophilic macrophages is executed via LT beta R circumventing the Aire transcription factor. Thus...

The role of macrophages in early pregnancy success.

Care, Alison Sandra
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Macrophages are abundant in the ovary and uterus, with their densities and distribution changing throughout the estrous cycle in response to the sex steroid hormones, estrogen (E₂) and progesterone (P₄ ). In the uterus, macrophages are present in the endometrium, where they are located in close spatial proximity with uterine epithelial cells, and the myometrium. In the endometrium, macrophages are thought to have key roles in tissue remodelling in preparation for embryo implantation and trophoblast invasion. In the ovary, macrophages are present in the thecal cell layer where they surround developing follicles, and are also present in functional corpora lutea. They are thought to have a role in ovulation and in the extensive remodelling that occurs during formation of the corpus luteum. Other studies have suggested that macrophages enhance the output of P₄ from luteal cells. Their accumulation in the corpus luteum during luteolysis, as well as in atretic follicles, is suggestive of a role in tissue remodelling and removal of cellular debris. The specific role of macrophages during the pre- and peri-implantation period remains to be fully elucidated. Previous studies in mice lacking important macrophage-supporting cytokines suggest the role of these cells in endometrial receptivity and ovarian function may not be essential. However...

La régulation de l’hepcidine à travers les récepteurs Toll-like dans les macrophages

Layoun, Antonio
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
L'interaction entre le système immunitaire et le métabolisme du fer est bien illustrée par l'anémie des maladies chroniques (ACD), qui est fréquemment rencontrée dans les infections chroniques, l'inflammation et le cancer. La majorité des modifications dans les paramètres du fer observées dans l’ACD tient compte des modifications de l’homéostasie du fer, avec la délocalisation du métal de la circulation et les sites de l'érythropoïèse au compartiment de stockage dans les macrophages. Les mécanismes de la réponse hyposidérémique impliquent des cytokines, notamment TNF-alpha et IL-6, qui régulent les niveaux de plusieurs gènes du métabolisme du fer, y compris les transporteurs de fer et de l'hepcidine, un régulateur négatif de l’absorption du fer, ce qui entraîne l'inhibition de l'exportation du fer à travers la ferroportine 1 (FPN1) au niveau de l'intestin et les macrophages. Des études antérieures ont montré que l'IL-6 induit l’expression d’hepcidine dans les hépatocytes, mais il y a très peu de données concernant la façon par laquelle l'hepcidine et la FPN1 sont régulées dans les macrophages. Récemment, nous avons constaté que l'induction de l'hepcidine dans le foie par le lipopolysaccharide (LPS) dépend de la voie de signalisation médiée par le récepteur Toll-like 4 (TLR4). Le but de ce travail est d’identifier les ligands des TLRs capables d'induire l'hepcidine dans les macrophages et de déterminer l’exigence des TLRs dans l’induction de l’hepcidine et le développement d’hyposidérémie. En plus...

Activation of alveolar macrophages in lung injury associated with experimental acute pancreatitis is mediated by the liver

Closa, Daniel; Sabater, Luis; Fernández Cruz, Laureano; Prats, Neus; Gelpí, Emili; Roselló-Catafau, Joan
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 68416 bytes; 1830730 bytes; image/jpeg; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
[OBJECTIVE] To evaluate (1) whether alveolar macrophages are activated as a consequence of acute pancreatitis (AP), (2) the implication of inflammatory factors released by these macrophages in the process of neutrophil migration into the lungs observed in lung injury induced by AP, and (3) the role of the liver in the activation of alveolar macrophages.; [SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA] Acute lung injury is the extrapancreatic complication most frequently associated with death and complications in severe AP. Neutrophil infiltration into the lungs seems to be related to the release of systemic and local mediators. The liver and alveolar macrophages are sources of mediators that have been suggested to participate in the lung damage associated with AP.; [METHODS] Pancreatitis was induced in rats by intraductal administration of 5% sodium taurocholate. The inflammatory process in the lung and the activation of alveolar macrophages were investigated in animals with and without portocaval shunting 3 hours after AP induction. Alveolar macrophages were obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage. The generation of nitric oxide, leukotriene B4, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and MIP-2 by alveolar macrophages and the chemotactic activity of supernatants of cultured macrophages were evaluated.; [RESULTS] Pancreatitis was associated with increased infiltration of neutrophils into the lungs 3 hours after induction. This effect was prevented by the portocaval shunt. Alveolar macrophages obtained after induction of pancreatitis generated increased levels of nitric oxide...

M2-Polarized tumor-associated macrophages are associated with poor prognoses resulting from accelerated lymphangiogenesis in lung adenocarcinoma

Zhang, Bicheng; Yao, Guoqing; Zhang, Yafei; Gao, Juan; Yang, Bo; Rao, Zhiguo; Gao, Jianfei
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.55%
OBJECTIVES: Tumor-associated macrophages have been implicated in promoting tumor growth, progression and metastasis. However, the activated phenotype (M1 or M2) of tumor-associated macrophages remains unknown in solid tumors. Therefore, this study examined the density and prognostic significance of M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophages in lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Tumor specimens from 65 lung adenocarcinoma patients were assessed by ELISA for Th1/Th2 cytokine concentrations. The activated phenotype (M1 or M2) of tumor-associated macrophages was determined utilizing immunofluorescence staining. Additionally, to evaluate lymphangiogenesis, peritumoral lymphatic microvessel density was measured using D2-40. The correlation between tumor-associated macrophage subtype and overall patient survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. RESULTS: A shift toward Th2 cytokine expression was detected within lung adenocarcinoma microenvironments. Approximately 79.71±16.27% of tumor-associated macrophages were M2 polarized; the remaining 20.35±5.31% were M1 polarized. The infiltration of M2-polarized macrophages was significantly associated with P-TNM staging and lymph node metastasis. The peritumoral lymphatic microvessel density was significantly higher in the high M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophage group than in the low M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophage group. A significant difference in overall patient survival was detected not only between patients with tumors with high and low macrophage counts but also between patients with tumors with high and low counts of M2-polarized macrophages. CONCLUSION: Tumor-associated macrophages in lung adenocarcinoma have an M2-polarized subtype and are associated with poor prognoses...

M2-polarized macrophages promote metastatic behavior of Lewis lung carcinoma cells by inducing vascular endothelial growth factor-C expression

Zhang, Bicheng; Zhang, Yafei; Yao, Guoqing; Gao, Juan; Yang, Bo; Zhao, Yong; Rao, Zhiguo; Gao, Jianfei
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
OBJECTIVES: Tumor-associated macrophages that generally exhibit an alternatively activated (M2) phenotype have been linked to tumor progression and metastasis. However, the role of M2-polarized macrophages in the growth and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma remains enigmatic. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of M2 macrophages on the proliferation and migration of mouse Lewis lung carcinoma cells and tumor-induced lymphangiogenesis. METHODS: Trypan blue staining and the Transwell migration assay were performed to evaluate the effects of activated (M1 or M2) macrophages on the proliferation and migration of Lewis cells. Furthermore, vascular endothelial growth factor-C expression in Lewis cells and nitric oxide secretion from activated macrophages were detected during the co-culture assay. Following treatment with activated macrophages, lymphatic endothelial cells differentiated into capillary-like structures, and the induction of Lewis cell migration was assessed using a twodimensional Matrigel-based assay. RESULTS: In the co-culture Transwell system, the proliferation and migration of Lewis cells were promoted by M2 macrophages. Moreover, the co-culture significantly increased the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-C by Lewis cells and reduced the secretion of nitric oxide from M2 macrophages...