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Arnica: a multivariate analysis of the botany and ethnopharmacology of a medicinal plant complex in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands

Obón, Concepcion; Rivera, Diego; Alonso, Verde; Fajardo, José; Valdés, Arturo; Alcaraz, Francisco; Carvalho, Ana Maria
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
Ethnopharmacological relevance Medicinal plant complexes of different species sharing vernacular names, morphological and aromatic characteristics and uses are common in traditional medicine of different cultures. A quantitative methodology as a tool for ethnopharmacological studies is presented for systematically analyzing morphological and therapeutic features shared by several species integrating such complexes. Aim of the study The aim of this paper is to apply a novel methodology to determine whether complexes are homogeneous and species within the complexes are completely interchangeable or not. Moreover, to find out if those species giving the name to the complex are also those which provide a large number of complex descriptors. For this purpose we study the complex of medicinal plant species which share the vernacular name “Árnica” in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands, through the systematic recording of past and current local therapeutic uses and administration forms, plant-parts and localities where the different species are used. Being a newly introduced name in the region, “Árnica” offers an interesting field to study the genesis and dynamics of ethnopharmacological categories and medicinal plant complexes. Methods A systematic review of the botanical...

Development and characterization of microsatellite markers for Lychnophora pinaster: a study for the conservation of a native medicinal plant

Haber, L. H.; Cavallari, M. M.; Santos, F. R. C.; Marques, M. O. M.; Gimenes, M. A.; Zucchi, M. I.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 811-814
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Lychnophora pinaster Mart. (Asteraceae) is a Brazilian medicinal plant, extensively employed in popular medicine as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and healing agent. Thirteen polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed and optimized for L. pinaster from an enriched genomic library. The markers were used to analyse 37 plants from two native populations, generating an average number of 6.6 alleles per polymorphic locus. These loci are important tools for future studies of population genetics.

Coordination polymer adsorbent for matrix solid-phase dispersion extraction of pesticides during analysis of dehydrated Hyptis pectinata medicinal plant by GC/MS

Aquino, Adriano; Wanderley, Kaline A.; Paiva-Santos, Carlos de Oliveira; de Sa, Gilberto F.; Alexandre, Marcelo da R.; Junior, Severino A.; Navickiene, Sandro
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 631-636
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); The coordination polymer [Zn(BDC)(H(2)O)(2)](n) was tested for extraction of pyrimethanil, ametryn, dichlofluanid, tetraconazole, flumetralin, kresoxim-methyl and tebuconazole from the medicinal plant Hyptis pectinata, with analysis using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in selected ion monitoring mode (GC/MS, SIM). Experiments carried out at different fortification levels (0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 mu g g(-1)) resulted in recoveries in the range 73-97%, and RSD values were between 5 and 12% for the [Zn(BDC)(H(2)O)(2)](n) sorbent. Detection and quantification limits ranged from 0.02 to 0.07 mu g g(-1) and from 0.05 to 0.1 mu g g(-1), respectively, for the different pesticides studied. The method developed was linear over the range tested (0.04-14.0 mu g g(-1)), with correlation coefficients ranging from 0.9987 to 0.9998. Comparison between [Zn(BDC)(H(2)O)(2)](n) and the commercial phase C(18)-bonded silica showed good performance of the [Zn(BDC)(H(2)O)(2)](n) polymeric sorbent for the pesticides tested. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Determination of lead in medicinal plants by high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry using direct solid sampling

Rego, Jardes Figueredo; Virgilio, Alex; Nobrega, Joaquim A.; Gomes Neto, Jose A.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 21-26
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 09/52480-0; A procedure is proposed for Pb determination in medicinal plants by high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (HR-CS GF AAS) using direct solid sampling. Among Pd(NO3)(2), Pd/Mg(NO3)(2). NH4H2PO4 and the W-coated platform tested as chemical modifiers, Pd(NO3)(2) presented the best performance. Calibration plots (10-1000 pg Pb) with regression coefficients better than 0.999 were typically obtained. Accuracy was checked for Pb determination in five plant certified reference materials. Results were in agreement with reference values at a 95% confidence level (paired t-test). Medicinal plant samples were analyzed by the proposed procedure and line-source GF MS using slurry sampling as a comparative technique. The RSD was 10% (n=3) for a sample containing 0.88 mu g g(-1) Pb. The limit of quantification (dry mass) was 0.024 mu g g(-1). The contents of Pb in medicinal plant samples varied in the 0.30-1.94 mu g g(-1) range. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Assessment of DNA damage by extracts and fractions of Strychnos pseudoquina, a Brazilian medicinal plant with antiulcerogenic activity

Santos, F. V.; Colus, I. M S; Silva, M. A.; Vilegas, Wagner; Varanda, E. A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1585-1589
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.34%
Strychnos pseudoquina St. Hil. is a native plant of the Brazilian Savannah, used in popular medicine to treat a number of conditions. Since it contains large quantities of alkaloids with proven antiulcer activity, we tested the genotoxic potential of crude extracts and fractions containing alkaloids and flavonoids from the leaves of this plant, on Salmonella typhimurium and performed the micronucleus test on peripheral blood cells of mice treated in vivo. The results showed that the methanol extract of the leaves of S. pseudoquina is mutagenic to the TA98 (-S9) and TA100 (+S9, -S9) strains of Salmonella. The dichloromethane extract was not mutagenic to any of the tested strains. Fractions enriched with alkaloids or flavonoids were not mutagenic. In vivo tests were done on the crude methanol extract in albino Swiss mice, which were treated, by gavage, with three different doses of the extract. The highest dose tested (1800 mg/kg b.w.) induced micronuclei after acute treatment, confirming the mutagenic potential of the methanol extract of the leaves of S. pseudoquina. In high doses, constituents of S. pseudoquina compounds act on DNA, causing breaks and giving rise to micronuclei in the blood cells of treated animals. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Use of medicinal plant in the manufacturing of energetic cookies

Gonçalves,Édira Castello Branco de Andrade; Andrade,Roberta Melquiades Silva de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
Many nutrients provide energy and regulate physiological processes linked to exercise. This work aimed at using medicinal plant in the manufacturing of energetic cookie. An evaluation of microbiological and physicochemical stability was made within 180 days of the fabrication of the product. Sensorial analysis was performed in all stages with untrained tasters. The results were statistically tested. The evaluation of ergogenic effect of the product used the maximum volume of oxygen index as a parameter through the cooper track test (12 minutes) with 7 voluntaries. The participants received the consent form. This study was approved by the local ethics committee (N° CAAE - 0009.0.313.000-08). It was observed good stability for physicochemical and microbiological parameters. As for sensorial analysis there was a predominance of scores 6 to 8, characterizing good acceptance. It was verified increase in VO2 max after the intake of the cookies with or without the medicinal plants. However, the product with the medicinal plants presented a bigger value, 35.47 VO2 max mL/(kg.min)-1. The fraction of carbohydrate and the presence of medicinal plants can be considered as nutritional ergogenic substances. The lipid fraction favor the energetic aspect of the product. The proposed product presented energetic and ergogenic effect.

Anatomy of vegetative organs of Scutellaria agrestis, a medicinal plant cultivated by riverine populations of the Brazilian Amazon

Oliveira,Andréia B. de; Mendonça,Maria S. de; Meira,Renata M. S. A.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Scutellaria agrestis A. St. -Hil. ex Benth. , Lamiaceae (trevo-roxo) is cultivated for medicinal purposes by residents of the riverine communities in the State of Amazonas, Brazil. This study aimed to characterize the anatomy and to make histochemical analysis on vegetative organs of S. agrestis. Samples of the leaf, stem and root were collected from five plants cultivated by the communities located in the Solimões river, Amazon. These samples were fixed and prepared following standard techniques for scanning electron microscopy and for light microscopy. Histochemical tests were carried out on sections to detect the main classes of compounds present in the secretion. Numerous glandular trichomes are seen in both leaf and stem of S. agrestis. The leaves are amphi-hypostomatics and show dorsiventral mesophyll. Hydathodes are present at the tip of the marginal teeth. Anthocyanin pigments occur into the epidermal cells of the stem, petiole, and abaxial leaf surface. The petiole is concave-convex shaped and bears collateral vascular bundles. The stem showed square-shaped, evident endoderm, collateral vascular bundles and parenchymatous pith. The root displays a typical protostelic structure. Idioblasts containing mucilage and phenolic compounds occur in the cortex. These data are important...

Systematic organization of medicinal plant information: a monograph template proposal

Carvalho,Ana C.B.; Santos,Ligia A.; Silveira,Dâmaris
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
The use of medicinal plants in Brazil is widespread and is supported by public policies; it has the objective of providing the population with safe and effective herbal medicines of adequate quality. An action in these policies is to develop medicinal plant monographs to gather published information and decide which medicinal plants should be financed by the Brazilian government and distributed by the public health system. Currently, the monographs published worldwide do not present unified information regarding medicinal plants, and generally, they do not cover enough requirements for herbal medicine registration. The aim of this study is to develop a monograph model with standardized information not only about botany, agronomy, quality control, safety, and efficacy but also about relating regulatory aspects that support herbal medicine regulation. The development of standardized monographs favors the fast authorization and distribution of herbal medicines in the public system. The model also points out the lacking studies that should be carried out to supplement the necessary regulatory information of medicinal plants.

Multiclass MSPD method for pesticide determination in dehydrated Hyptis pectinata (sambacaitá) medicinal plant by GC-MS

Aquino,Adriano; Souza,Michel R. R.; Maciel,Samia T. A.; Alexandre,Marcelo da Rosa; Navickiene,Sandro
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
A method was developed using matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD), together with gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for determination of ametryn, tetraconazole, flumetralin, tebuconazole, pyrimethanil, dichlofluanid and kresoxim-methyl in dehydrated Hyptis pectinata (sambacaitá) medicinal plant material. The evaluated parameters included the type and amount of sorbent (C18, neutral alumina, silica gel and Florisil) and the nature of the eluent (dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and dichloromethane:ethyl acetate (1:1, v/v)). The best results were obtained using 0.5 g of plant material, 0.5 g of C18 as sorbent and dichloromethane (20 mL) as the eluting solvent. The method was validated using plant samples spiked with pesticides at different concentration levels (0.05-1.0 µg g-1). Average recoveries (using four replicates) ranged from 83 to 127%, with relative standard deviations between 4 and 15%. Limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were in the ranges 0.02-0.07 µg g-1 and 0.05-0.1 µg g-1, respectively.

Planting time for maximization of yield of vinegar plant calyx (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)

Castro,Nilmar Eduardo Arbex de; Pinto,José Eduardo Brasil Pereira; Cardoso,Maria das Graças; Morais,Augusto Ramalho de; Bertolucci,Suzan Kelly V.; Silva,Fabiano Guimarães da; Delú Filho,Nelson
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
The objective of this work was to evaluate the yield of calyxes of Hibiscus sabdariffa L, a medicinal plant, at four planting times in Lavras - MG. The treatments were four planting times (October 18th, November 15th, December 18th 2001 and January 15th 2002) and a harvest was proceeded when practically there were no developing calyxes, almost at the end of the plant cycle. The numbers of calyxes per plant, the fresh and dry biomasses of calyxes and quality were taken into account. It follows that planting time influenced yield per plant and the fresh and dry biomasses of calyxes, differing from each other by Tukey test at 5%. In October planting, there was a higher yield (2,522kg/ha) with a yield 5.24 as high relative to the planting of the month of January (481 kg/ha). The planting s in the month of November to December showed yields of 1,695 and 1,093 kg/ha of dry calyxes, respectively and in relation to the same months of January, yield was of 3.52 to 2.27 times more. Harvest must be done as soon as the calyxes are ripe in order to preserve quality.

Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in Wedelia calendulacea Less. an endangered medicinal plant

Sharmin,Shamima Akhtar; Alam,Md. Jahangir; Sheikh,Md. Mominul Islam; Sarker,Kanak Kanti; Khalekuzzaman,Muhammad; Haque,Md. Anwarul; Alam,Mohammad Firoz; Alam,Iftekhar
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
In this work, plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis was achieved from leaf and internode derived callus of Wedelia calendulacea, an endangered medicinal plant. Primary callus was induced by culturing leaf disc and internode explant on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 2.0 mg L-1 of 2,4-D under light condition. Transfer of embryogenic callus on a reduced concentration of 2,4-D facilitated somatic embryo development while calluses remained unorganized at the same 2,4-D level. A histological analysis confirmed somatic embryo by revealing the presence of a closed vascular system in the developing embryos and lack of a vascularconnection with surrounding callus tissues. Somatic embryos germinated into plantlets upon transfer on MS medium containing 1.0 mg L-1 BAP plus 0.5 mg L-1 GA3. Plantlets were acclimatized successfully and survived under soil condition. This is the first on somatic embryogenesis of W.calendulacea. This result could facilitate genetic transformation of this important medicinal plant.

Planting time for maximization of yield of vinegar plant calyx (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)

Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
The objective of this work was to evaluate the yield of calyxes of Hibiscus sabdariffa L, a medicinal plant, at four planting times in Lavras - MG. The treatments were four planting times (October 18th, November 15th, December 18th 2001 and January 15th 2002) and a harvest was proceeded when practically there were no developing calyxes, almost at the end of the plant cycle. The numbers of calyxes per plant, the fresh and dry biomasses of calyxes and quality were taken into account. It follows that planting time influenced yield per plant and the fresh and dry biomasses of calyxes, differing from each other by Tukey test at 5%. In October planting, there was a higher yield (2,522kg/ha) with a yield 5.24 as high relative to the planting of the month of January (481 kg/ha). The planting s in the month of November to December showed yields of 1,695 and 1,093 kg/ha of dry calyxes, respectively and in relation to the same months of January, yield was of 3.52 to 2.27 times more. Harvest must be done as soon as the calyxes are ripe in order to preserve quality.

Conservation of Medicinal Plants in Central America and the Caribbean

Lagos-Witte, Sonia
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.49%
The issues of medical plant conservation have been the focus of many formal and informal discussions at national and international forums, seminars, workshops, conferences and congresses in the last 10 years. Caribbean and Central American countries are adopting common policies on medicinal plant conservation and establishing collaborative projects and appropriate agreements for research programs in order to achieve a new status for the protection of medicinal plant diversity. This paper for the most part reports on the the TRAMIL Program (Scientific Research on Medicinal Plants in the Caribbean Basin) coordinated since 1982. TRAMIL has focused on conserving traditional community knowledge of folk remedies, and providing scientific validation of safety and efficacy needed to encourage national health policies that include traditional medicine in primary health care programs.

Environment, Culture, and Medicinal Plant Knowledge in an Indigenous Amazonian Community

Labriola, Christine
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.3%
Diminishing cultural and biological diversity is a current global crisis. Tropical forests and indigenous peoples are adversely affected by social and environmental changes caused by global political and economic systems. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate environmental and livelihood challenges as well as medicinal plant knowledge in a Yagua village in the Peruvian Amazon. Indigenous peoples’ relationships with the environment is an important topic in environmental anthropology, and traditional botanical knowledge is an integral component of ethnobotany. Political ecology provides a useful theoretical perspective for understanding the economic and political dimensions of environmental and social conditions. This research utilized a variety of ethnographic, ethnobotanical, and community-involved methods. Findings include data and analyses about the community’s culture, subsistence and natural resource needs, organizations and institutions, and medicinal plant use. The conclusion discusses the case study in terms of the disciplinary framework and offers suggestions for research and application.

"Estudo sobre os constituintes inorgânicos presentes em diferentes espécies da planta medicinal do gênero 'casearia' coletadas em regiões distintas da Mata Atlântica, SP" ; STUDY OF THE INORGANIC CONSTITUENTS IN DIFFERENT SPECIES OF CASEARIA MEDICINAL PLANT COLLECTED IN DISTINCT REGIONS OF THE ATLANTIC FOREST, SP.

Yamashita, Celina Izumi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/03/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
O uso de plantas medicinais no tratamento de doenças tem aumentado de forma significativa nos últimos anos, bem como as pesquisas sobre a caracterização química destas plantas. Neste estudo, foram determinados os constituintes inorgânicos presentes nas folhas e nos extratos de três espécies da planta do gênero Casearia (C. sylvestris, C. decandra e C. obliqua) coletadas em regiões distintas da Mata Atlântica, SP. As composições elementares dos solos em que estas plantas foram cultivadas também foram determinadas. Tradicionalmente, estas plantas são utilizadas devido às suas propriedades antiinflamatórias, antiácidas, anti-sépticas e cicatrizantes. Além disso, as atividades antiulcerogênicas e antitumorais do gênero Casearia, e sua capacidade de neutralizar venenos de serpentes e abelhas, também tem sido comprovadas cientificamente. A metodologia analítica empregada foi a análise por ativação com nêutrons. Irradiações longas e curtas das amostras e dos padrões foram realizadas utilizando fluxos de nêutrons do reator de pesquisas IEA-R1 do IPEN/CNEN-SP. Nas folhas, o elemento K foi encontrado em níveis de porcentagens, os elementos Ca, Cl, Mg e Na na ordem de mg g-1, Br, Fe, Mn, Rb e Zn em μg g-1 e os elementos As...

Harvest time and plant age on the content and chemical composition of the essential oil of Alpinia zerumbet

Santos,Martiely S; Jezler,Caroline N; Oliveira,Ariana RMF de; Oliveira,Rosilene A; Mielke,Marcelo S; Costa,Larissa CB
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Horticultura Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Horticultura
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
Alpinia zerumbet is an aromatic and medicinal plant rich in essential oil, known as colônia. Essential oils are derived from secondary metabolism and may be a source of raw materials for cosmetic, pharmaceutical, food and perfumery industry. The plant secondary metabolism and biosynthetic activity can vary according to endogenous and exogenous factors to which it is exposed. In this context, in this study we evaluated the influence of harvest time and plant age of Alpinia zerumbet on biomass and essential oil production. For the harvest time experiment the plants of A. zerumbet were harvested at different times (8, 10, 12, 14, 16 and 18 h), using a completely randomized design with four replications. In the plant age experiment the seedlings were propagated by division of rhizomes and grown in a completely randomized design with treatments consisting of four ages (3, 6, 9 and 12 months after transplanting), with seven replications. The extractions of the essential oil were performed by oil hydrodistillation in Clevenger apparatus and chemical analysis by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (CG-MS). There was an effect of harvest time on the essential oil content with the highest value (0.48%) found at 14:33 h with no change in the chemical composition. In relation to plant age...

Multiple shoot formation in Hypericum perforatum L.and hypericin production

Santarém,Eliane Romanato; Astarita,Leandro Vieira
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology Publicador: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
Hypericum perforatum is a traditional medicinal plant with wound healing and antidepressive properties. Among the secondary compounds of interest is hypericin, a naphtodianthrone that seems to participate in the medicinal effects of this species. The aim of this work was to obtain an efficient micropropagation system of H. perforatum and to compare the hypericin content between in vitro and field-grown plants. Cultures were initiated from nodal segments of mature plants inoculated onto MS medium supplemented with 4.5 muM BA, kinetin, thidiazuron, individually or in combination with 0.05 muM NAA. Organogenic explants were observed on medium with either BA or kinetin alone or in combination of these with NAA. Subculture of organogenic explants onto the proliferation medium containing 4.5 muM BA promoted the organogenic response. The highest average of shoot production (52.6 shoots) was obtained on those explants induced in the presence of BA and NAA. Rooted plantlets were successfully acclimated. Analysis of hypericin contents showed that levels found in callus represented only 0.11 % of what was detected in adult plants, while shoots and leaves from in vitro plants showed similar hypericin levels to those found in the leaves of the field-grown plants...

An evaluation of the extent and threat of bark harvesting of medicinal plant species in the Venda Region, Limpopo Province, South Africa

Tshisikhawe,MP; van Rooyen,MW; Bhat,RB
Fonte: Phyton (Buenos Aires) Publicador: Phyton (Buenos Aires)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.49%
The medicinal flora of the Venda region consists of a variety of species, which may potentially provide therapeutic agents to treat different diseases. Bark use for medicinal purposes has been reported for approximately 30% of the woody species (153 species) in the Venda region in southern Africa. However, only 58 plant species are commonly harvested for the medicinal properties in their bark and found in muthi shops in the region. These 58 species were scored for the possible threat of bark harvesting to the plant survival. Ethnobotanical studies indicate that the growing trade in indigenous medicinal plants in South Africa is posing a threat to the conservation and preservation of many plant species. Apart from pharmaceutical companies, trade in medicinal plants has become a way of making a living for some people. This study investigated the pattern of trade in medicinal plants by local markets in the Venda region, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Indications are that bark harvesting may threaten some of the plant species.

Plant regeneration from callus cultures of Vitex trifolia (Lamiales: Lamiaceae): a potential medicinal plant

Samantaray,Sanghamitra; Kumar Bishoyi,Ashok; Maiti,Satyabrata
Fonte: Revista de Biología Tropical Publicador: Revista de Biología Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Vitex trifolia is a shrub species with popular use as a medicinal plant, for which leaves, roots and flowers have been reported to heal different distresses. The increasing exploitation of these plants has endangered its conservation, and has importantly justified the use of biotechnological tools for their propagation. Our aim was to present an efficient protocol for plant regeneration through organogenesis; and simultaneously, to analyze the genetic homogeneity of the established clonal lines by Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) markers. Plantlet regeneration was achieved in callus cultures derived from stem, leaf and petiole explants of V. trifolia on a differently supple mented Murashige & Skoog medium, and incubated at 25±2ºC under a light intensity of 61µmol/m2s from cool white fluorescent lamps and a 16h photoperiod. The rate of shoot bud regeneration was positively correlated with the concentration of hormones in the nutrient media. Shoot buds regenerated more rapidly from stem and petiole explants as compared to leaf explants on medium containing 11.10µM BAP in combination with 0.54µMNAA. Addition of 135.74-271.50µM adenine sulphate (Ads) and 0.72-1.44µM gibberellic acid (GA3) to the culture medium increased the growth of shoot buds. The highest rate of shoot bud regeneration responses was obtained in stem explants using 11.10µM BAP in combination with 0.54µM NAA...

Factors influencing rapid clonal propagation of Chlorophytum arundinaceum (Liliales: Liliaceae), an endangered medicinal plant

Samantaray,Sanghamitra; Maiti,Satyabrata
Fonte: Revista de Biología Tropical Publicador: Revista de Biología Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Chlorophytum arundinaceum is an important medicinal plant and its tuberous roots are used for various health ailment treatments. It has become an endangered species in the Eastern Ghats, and a rare medicinal herb in India, due to its excessive collection from its natural habitat and its destructive harvesting techniques, coupled with poor seed germination and low vegetative multiplication ratio. In order to contribute to its production systems, an efficient protocol was developed for in vitro clonal propagation through shoot bud culture. For this, multiple shoots were induced from shoot bud explants on Murashige and Skoog’s medium supplemented with 2.5-3.0mg/L BAP, 0.01-0.1mg/L NAA and 3% (w/v) sucrose. Inclusion of Adenine Sulphate (25mg/L) in the culture medium improved the frequency of multiple shoot production and recovered the chlorotic symptoms of the leaves. Media having pH 5.9 and 4% sucrose showed significant improvement on shoot bud multiplication and growth. In vitro flowering was observed when the subcultures were carried out for over four months in the same multiplication media. Rooting was readily achieved upon transferring the shoots on to half- strength MS medium supplemented with 0.1mg/L IBA and 2% (w/v) sucrose. Micropropagated plantlets were hardened in the green house...