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Computer-based tools for supporting forest management. The experience and the expertise world-wide

Borges, J.G.; Nordstrom, E.M.; Garcia-Gonzalo, J.; Hujala, T.; Trasobares, A.
Fonte: Dept. of Forest Resource Management, Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences Publicador: Dept. of Forest Resource Management, Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences
Tipo: Livro
Publicado em 29/06/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Report of Cost Action FP 0804 Forest Management Decision Support Systems (FORSYS); Computer-based tools for supporting forest management. The experience and the expertise world-wide answers a call from both the research and the professional communities for a synthesis of current knowledge about the use of computerized tools in forest management planning. According to the aims of the Forest Management Decision Support Systems (FORSYS) (http://fp0804.emu.ee/) this synthesis is a critical success factor to develop a comprehensive quality reference for forest management decision support systems. The emphasis of the book is on identifying and assessing the support provided by computerized tools to enhance forest management planning in real-world contexts. The book thus identifies the management planning problems that prevail world-wide to discuss the architecture and the components of the tools used to address them. Of importance is the report of architecture approaches, models and methods, knowledge management and participatory planning techniques used to address specific management planning problems. We think that this synthesis may provide effective support to research and outreach activities that focus on the development of forest management decision support systems. It may contribute further to support forest managers when defining the requirements for a tool that best meets their needs. The first chapter of the book provides an introduction to the use of decision support systems in the forest sector and lays out the FORSYS framework for reporting the experience and expertise acquired in each country. Emphasis is on the FORSYS ontology to facilitate the sharing of experiences needed to characterize and evaluate the use of computerized tools when addressing forest management planning problems. The twenty six country reports share a structure designed to underline a problem-centric focus. Specifically...

A systems approach to enterprise risk management in high-tech industry

Sharma, Atul, 1973-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 117 p.; 6814448 bytes; 6821558 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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The high-tech industry is showing increased interest in developing an enterprise wide approach to risk management. There are three reasons for this increased interest; first as the industry has matured, as evidenced by slower growth, increasing consolidation and global competition, managing "costs" has moved to center stage; second, technology product life cycles have progressively shrunk leading to increased technology strategy risk; and third larger events such as 9/11 and corporate scandals have created an awareness of new risks to be managed. In these changed circumstances, the old days of rapid growth and localized & reactive risk management techniques need to be replaced with a capacity to understand risks and manage them effectively across the entire enterprise. Although, risk management has been practiced in the high-tech industry for some time the approaches are based on silo techniques such as insurance, finance, strategy or operations. The challenge is that these varied approaches fall short of holistic risk management and further maintain risk silos that generate additional risks to the organization. To address these silos and develop an enterprise risk management approach we have devised a "generic" and "scalable" risk management framework that could be used by a firm irrespective of its current risk management maturity to achieve a higher level of risk management sophistication. Our approach is based on a three step process; identifying the risks in each of the organizational silos...

Product and program management : battling the strangler trees of system and social complexity in the software market jungle

Hempe, John A. (John Alan)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 147 p.
ENG
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An exploration of Software Product and Program Management as recently emergent roles in the information technology sector is presented. The exploration is presented in six sections divided into two major parts. The first part, in four sections, explores Product Management from a primarily anthropological and managerial perspective, while the second part, in two sections, explores major engineering issues related to the role. The first part gives a synopsis of the history and economics of software products, demonstrating the rapid evolution of a field facing unprecedented problems with product complexity and motivating the need for Product Management. The role of Product Manager is explored in detail using both extant literature and interviews conducted with current practitioners in industry. The related role of Program Manager is briefly discussed. Finally, an extended historical case study is presented demonstrating the struggles and pitfalls of Product Management in software product companies. The second part explores two major engineering issues related to the Product Management role: Project Management and Requirements Engineering.; (cont.) A survey of major Software Project Management methods in use is given along with critiques of their effectiveness. Finally...

Recent trends in management gaming: a comparative survey of management gaming practices in American collegiate schools of business in 1962 and 1974.

Strauss, Lance Jay
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.; Through a survey of 89 collegiate schools of business, 197^ usage of management gaming in both undergraduate and graduate curriculums was determined and compared to the results of a similar survey of 107 schools of business in 1962. The results of the 197^ survey provided conclusive evidence that in the years following 1962, management gaming has gained increased acceptance and use as an educational technique. This increase in acceptance and use of management gaming from 1962 to 197^- was brought to light by two primary findings of this comparative study. First, that while in 1962 only 71% of the survey respondents reported that a management game was being used in some way in the institution's curriculum, in 197^ > 95% of the survey respondents reported using a management game. Secondly, the average percentage of course time devoted to management gaming, for all undergraduate and graduate courses reporting the use of management games, increased from 20% of course time in 1962 to 32% of course time in 1974.; http://archive.org/details/recenttrendsinma00stra; Ensign, United States Navy

Configuration management for expert system development: application to the MK92 prototype Maintenance Advisor Expert System

Metzler, Paul Gregory.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 187 p. :|bill.
EN_US
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The Naval Postgraduate School In conjunction with Port Hueneme Division (PHD), Naval Surface Warfare Center is developing a diagnostic expert system for troubleshooting casualties in the MK 92 MOD 2 fire control system deployed in US Navy Oliver Hazard class (FFG-7) guided missile frigates. The high turnover rate of student developers and the frequency with which changes are made to the expert system have highlighted a need for controlling the change process and the management of resources applied to implementing those changes to the expert system's knowledge base and software. This thesis develops a configuration management plan for the MK92 Maintenance Advisor Expert System (MK92 MAES) to assist object members in the management of changes to software and domain knowledge. The concept of configuration management is examined in detail with specific emphasis on the challenges of its implementation to expert systems. Two automated configuration management tools, CCC/Manager and PVCS Version Control, are evaluated for suitability for application in an expert system development environment. Finally, specific recommendations are presented for establishing a configuration management process for MK92 MAES project.; U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author.

A feasibility study into the use of a single local financial management system for the Department of the Navy

Southerland, Gary W
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
ENG
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46.06%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis investigated the feasibility of implementing a single Navy-wide local financial management system. In this era of downsizing and budget cuts, the government is looking for opportunities to spend funds more efficiently. One initiative which is starting to pay dividends is consolidating finance and accounting systems. The Navy-wide implementation of the Standard Accounting and Reporting System family of accounting systems is nearly complete. This system, however, provides no financial management capability to local managers. These managers must independently organize their local financial management systems. This thesis evaluated the feasibility of taking this consolidation process one step further; to the local level. It used the Fund Administration and Standardized Document Automation System (FASTDATA) local financial management system as a baseline for analysis. It evaluated the system's capabilities and its acceptability by operational users. It was determined by the research that a single Navy-wide local financial management system is feasible. FASTDATA performed extremely well and users find it to be a very acceptable system. FASTDATA has the potential to fill the role as the Navy- wide local financial management system. However...

A Critical Examination of the DoD's Business Management Modernization Program

Christopher Hanks
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Relatório
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Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program); In its efforts to improve operations in what it has designated the five business domains in the US Department of Defense (DoD)''acquisition, financial management, human resources management, installations & environment management, and logistics management''the DoD''s Business Management Modernization Program (BMMP) is a key element of the DoD''s ongoing efforts to transform itself. This paper argues that the BMMP needs to be fundamentally reoriented to meet its goals. It provides an historical overview, research evidence from other studies, and additional arguments to support that view and suggests three steps that could be taken to begin the proposed reorientation.; Acquisition Research Program

An evaluation of the effectiveness of the Navy's human resource management survey as a navy enlisted retention management tool

Almony, Joseph R.; Reece, Jerrald D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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46.05%
Approved for public release; distribution unlimited; Unit "retention profiles" were developed using Navy Human Resource Management Survey responses for both high and lew retention units. Although the "profiles" were found to be identical for both high and lew retention units, comparative analysis of Survey responses was found of value in assisting unit Commanding Officers in developing retention management strategies. The data utilized consisted of 28,913 respondents of the Navy Human Resource Management Survey during the second guarter of fiscal year 1978. The individual's stated career intent was regressed on the survey dimensions, indices, and guestions to further understand the dynamics of the retention decision. Unit "retention profiles" were developed as a result of stepwise discriminant analysis on the survey guestions for both high and low retention units. A detailed bibliography of employee job turnover is included as an aid to future researchers.; http://archive.org/details/evaluationofeffe00almo; Lieutenant, United States Navy; Lieutenant, United States Navy

Development of a proposed user's manual for the Uniform Management Report (UMR) system.

Smith, Earl Lee
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.; This thesis presents a proposed user's manual to be utilized in conjunction with the Uniform Management Report (UMR) System developed under the direction of the Comptroller of the Navy. i The Uniform Management Report (UMR) System was developed as a modification to the Resources Management System (RMS) to improve management report utility. Th e user's manual development is an integral part of the UMR System implementation providing comprehensive instruction and guidance for management . Data for this thesis was gathered from literature, letters, reports, directives, and publications relating to financial management and reporting. Telephone interviews were conducted with Department of the Navy personnel experienced in utilizing management reports to clarify material included in the user's manual.; http://archive.org/details/developmentofpro00smit; Lieutenant, Civil Engineer Corps , United States Navy

A comparison of traditional and non-traditional management control systems

Cohen, Moshe; Haney, Randall M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The Department of the Navy's approach to total quality management has been evolving for over a decade. Although, tremendous strides have been made at the highest levels within DON, resistance remains at the lower levels. Management control systems within the Government and particularly the military are very much traditional in nature. Adoption of total quality management necessitates a change of the current management control system. The authors compare a theoretical model of a traditional management control system with common elements of a total quality management control system. They also conduct a case study of an actual management control system in a corporation that successfully adopted the philosophy of total quality management. Modeling both types of management control systems and comparing both models to an actual total quality management control system provides a framework for stimulating discussion and learning at all levels in Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense and other Government Agencies.; Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy

Assessment of Army Contracting Command's Contract Management Processes

Rendon, Rene G.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
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46.08%
Sponsored Report (for Acquisition Research Program); This research builds upon the emerging body of knowledge on contract management workforce competence and organizational process capability. In 2003, the Contract Management Maturity Model (CMMM) was first developed for the purpose of assessing Department of Defense (DoD) and defense contractor organizational contract management process capability. The CMMM has been previously applied at Air Force, Army, Navy, and defense contractor organizations. During the period between 2008 and 2009, assessments were conducted at three specific Army Contracting Command (ACC) contracting centers using the CMMM. These organizations included the Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) Contracting Center, Joint Munitions and Lethality (JM&L) Contracting Center, and the National Capital Region (NCR) Contracting Center. The primary purpose of this paper is to summarize the assessment ratings, analyze the assessment results in terms of contract management process maturity, and discuss the implications of these assessment results for process improvement and knowledge management opportunities. This paper will also provide insight on consistencies and trends from these assessment results to DoD contract management. Finally...

Improving Naval Aviation Maintenance Quality Management processes at the Organizational Maintenance Level: the influences of the International Standards Organization (ISO) 9000 quality management system on the Naval Aviation Maintenance Program (NAMP)

Couch, Christopher J.G.; Decker, Duane L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 232 p.
EN_US
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis examines the similarities and differences between the Naval Aviation Maintenance Program (NAMP) and International Standards Organization (ISO) 9000 quality management systems (QMS), discusses the difference in quality management discipline under ISO 9000 and under the NAMP, and describes what must be changed in the aviation organizational maintenance sections of the NAMP to make them consistent with the ISO 9000 QMS. The NAMP is Naval aviation's overall guiding document that outlines command, administrative, and management relationships, and assigns maintenance policy and procedure responsibilities to the respective individuals for management ISO 9000 is a series of international standards establishing requirements and guidelines for maintaining an organization's quality system. An overview is provided of quality management (QM) procedures, policies, tools, and audits; the NAMP Quality Management System (QMS); the ISO 9000 QMS; and QMS implementation procedures. Next, process maps are described for QM documentation, policies, and procedures under both the NAMP and ISO 9000. Each is compared and contrasted. Then, QM training under the NAMP and ISO 9000 is described...

Risk management strategies by Australian farmers: two case studies

Nguyen, N.; Wegener, M.; Russell, I.; Coventry, D.; Cooper, I.
Fonte: Charles Sturt University, Australian Farm Business Management Network Publicador: Charles Sturt University, Australian Farm Business Management Network
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
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46.05%
Australian farmers operate in one of the most risky farming environments in the world. They have to cope with numerous sources of risk including weather uncertainty, variable market prices, and institutional changes in their business management. This paper reports results from two case studies undertaken to examine the issues of farming risks and risk management strategies in Australia. The first case study found that unpredictable weather, financial risk, marketing risk, and personal risk were regarded as the major sources of risk among farmers in the Upper Eyre Peninsula of South Australia. The main risk management strategies used by farmers in that region included diversifying crop varieties, adopting minimum tillage farming practices, minimising the area of risky crops and maximising the area of less-risky crops. They also regarded high equity, having farm management deposits, and other off-farm investments as appropriate risk management strategies, and mostly 'left marketing to the experts'. The second case study among dryland cropping farmers in southwest Queensland revealed that weather uncertainty was ranked as the most important source of risk in farming in that area. The risk from weather uncertainty was then followed by financial risks...

The role of accounting information in the management of winery SMEs: a review of the broader existing literature and its implications for Australia's wine industry

Reddaway, M.; Goodman, S.; Graves, C.
Fonte: AWBR; Bordeaux Management School; Bordeaux, France Publicador: AWBR; Bordeaux Management School; Bordeaux, France
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
PURPOSE This paper argues that our current lack of understanding about the management accounting practices of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) is of particular relevance to the Australian wine industry because industry conditions are such that management accounting information can be expected to be of significant importance. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A review of existing knowledge as detailed in the management accounting literature is provided, with methodological concerns and theoretical inconsistencies highlighted. FINDINGS The management accounting practices of Australian SME wineries are yet to be explored. As a body, literature addressing the role of management accounting in the management of SMEs is contradictory and lacking synthesis. Paradigm related issues have been identified as a significant driver of contradictory findings, and other practical considerations have also been implicated. There is a clear need for further research to clarify, synthesise and extend current knowledge. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS Our lack of knowledge about the role that accounting information plays in the management of SMEs is of important practical relevance to the Australian wine industry because industry level stakeholders are engaged in initiatives to support and develop the business management practices of SMEs...

Development of a system dynamics based management flight simulator for new product development

MacInnis, Daniel V., 1964-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 198 p.; 11637785 bytes; 11663154 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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All firms in any mature product development industry are being pressured into performing 'better, faster, and cheaper' by both customers and competitors. In short, firms are being tasked with doing more, with less, faster. This leads to product development organizations being unrealistically tasked to deliver on these programs that often lead to projects falling behind schedule, over budget, and with inadequate quality. While striving to do the right actions to survive, the management of these firms may be leading their firms to disaster through over commitment, and short-term management actions to address the quality, budget, and schedule shortfalls. An understanding of the system dynamics associated with the program management of new product development (NPD) programs is essential to reversing this trend. Several corporations are instituting system dynamics in their management and executive training curricula to affect correct policies, procedures, and behaviors that lead to success. However, because the correct policies, procedures, and behaviors as revealed by system dynamics analysis are counter-intuitive and opposite those policies currently employed in program management, a method is needed to drive the learning of system dynamics so that it becomes ingrained in the program management thought processes. A management flight simulator (MFS) of the program management of a new product development project based on system dynamics provides the hands on experience that managers can learn the consequences of non systems-thinking policies on project performance and how system dynamics based policies can lead to greater success. This thesis provides an overview of the system dynamics of project management in new product development and insight into the; (cont.) correct policies...

Organizational structure : management techniques and lessons learned in aligning technical and program management resources in engineering-intensive organizations; Management techniques and lessons learned in aligning technical and program management resources in engineering-intensive organizations

Siddiqui, Talha, 1969-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 120 p.; 7285987 bytes; 7301127 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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The roles of systems engineering, program and project management, and engineering management are continuously blurred and challenged in complex engineering organizations. The demands made of each of these functions can lead to increasing role confusion in otherwise historically well-defined functions. It is important to understand the reasons for existing practices in defining and utilizing these roles and the functions they perform in today's engineering systems. It is the goal of this thesis to show the motivation for current practices in systems and program management, and to shed light on some of the lessons learned in managing both the technology as well as the encompassing technology programs. We look specifically at existing practices in the aerospace industry as our case-study to understand matrix organizational structures, as well as gain insights from the commercial industry and academic literature on the practices deployed in innovation and new product development and management. keywords: product development, matrix organization, systems engineering, program and project management, engineering management, managing innovation; by Talha Siddiqui.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, System Design & Management Program...

Globalization at NTT DoCoMo : implementing global business management strategies

Takagi, Katsuyuki, 1964-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 135 leaves; 6188954 bytes; 6203493 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Global business management has become one of the most important issues facing companies today, and global economic dynamics provide companies with both tremendous opportunities and formidable challenges. Countries are increasingly tied to each other through deregulation and liberalization for economic exchanges. Global competition is a necessity rather than a matter of direction for many companies. Global business management is more complex than doing business in a single country because of differences in source and nature between the home country and a target country. There are more managerial items that require modification with the passage of time. To be a successful multinational corporation, companies must recognize the whole picture of global business management and pursue best practices continuously. NTT DoCoMo, the largest Japanese mobile network operator, has achieved great success in the domestic market by leveraging its technological superiority since it was established in 1992. As the signs of market saturation began to emerge in Japan, NTT DoCoMo advanced its plans for globalization aggressively. For NTT DoCoMo, which does not own real products and production facilities, this represents a new challenge a Japanese company...

A comparison of ethical perceptions of earnings management practices

Jooste,Leonie
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
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In 1990, Bruns and Merchant (1990) surveyed earnings management practices and asked the readership of the Harvard Business Review to rate the acceptability of those practices. Prior to the Bruns and Merchant (1990) study, the morality of short-term earnings management was of little concern to researchers and accounting practitioners. However, in the light of increased financial frauds and failures, new and increased emphasis has been placed on the importance of the concepts of earnings quality and earnings management practices. Despite increased research focusing on business ethics since 1990, there is little evidence that business schools and the profession are educating accountants about earnings management practices. Therefore, this study, similar to other studies, continues to use the Bruns and Merchant survey and compares the results of studies on students and business managers on earnings management practices. Students and business managers were surveyed at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU) and these results were compared to four studies prior to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act 2002 in the US. The expectation will be of changes in attitudes towards earnings management since the financial scandals and passing the Act. Therefore...

The management accounting vocational fallacy

Shuttleworth,Christina Cornelia
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2014 EN
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Rapid changes in highly competitive economic environments have created the need for sound financial management in organisations. In order to source sufficient numbers of skilled financial managers, specialised career guidance should be high on the agenda of educational and labour policy makers. While the chartered management accountant (CMA) enjoys international status, not many studies have been conducted to measure South African students' and accounting teachers' awareness of the CMA designation. This article reports on the results of first-year accounting students' perceptions of a career in management accounting as well as on the career guidance they received on how to become a CMA. It also reports on accounting teachers' awareness of the management accounting designation. This study found that first-year accounting students and accounting teachers do not possess sufficient knowledge of the career opportunities in the management accounting field and of the route to follow on how to become a CMA. Recommendations are made for tertiary institutions and professional bodies to alleviate this information gap by distributing brochures and posters to accounting and career guidance teachers and by providing information sessions to them as well as to first-year accounting students on career opportunities in the management accounting field.

A maturation model for project-based organisations - with uncertainty management as an ever-present multi-project management focus

Jerbrant,Anna
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
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The classical view of multi-project management does not capture its dynamic nature. Current theory falls short in its ability to explain how the management of project-based companies evolves because of their need to be agile and adaptable in a changing environment. The purpose of this paper is therefore to present a descriptive model that elucidates the maturation processes in a project-based organisation as well as to provide an enhanced understanding of multi-project management in practice. The maturation model illustrates the way the management of project-based organisations evolves between structuring administration and managing uncertainties, and emphasises the importance of active individual actions and situated management actions that have to be undertaken in order to coordinate, synchronise and communicate the required knowledge and skills. The outcomes primarily reveal that, although standardised project models are used and considerable resources are spent on effective project portfolio management, the way information and communication are dealt with is vitally important in the management of project-based organisations. This is particularly true of informal and non-codified communication.