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Massage for Low Back Pain An Updated Systematic Review Within the Framework of the Cochrane Back Review Group

FURLAN, Andrea D.; IMAMURA, Marta; DRYDEN, Trish; IRVIN, Emma
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.22%
Study Design. Systematic Review. Objectives. To assess the effects of massage therapy for nonspecific low back pain. Summary of Background Data. Low back pain is one of the most common and costly musculoskeletal problems in modern society. Proponents of massage therapy claim it can minimize pain and disability, and speed return to normal function. Methods. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL from their beginning to May 2008. We also searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library 2006, issue 3), HealthSTAR and Dissertation abstracts up to 2006. There were no language restrictions. References in the included studies and in reviews of the literature were screened. The studies had to be randomized or quasi-randomized trials investigating the use of any type of massage (using the hands or a mechanical device) as a treatment for nonspecific low back pain. Two review authors selected the studies, assessed the risk of bias using the criteria recommended by the Cochrane Back Review Group, and extracted the data using standardized forms. Both qualitative and meta-analyses were performed. Results. Thirteen randomized trials were included. Eight had a high risk and 5 had a low risk of bias. One study was published in German and the rest in English. Massage was compared to an inert therapy (sham treatment) in 2 studies that showed that massage was superior for pain and function on both short- and long-term follow-ups. In 8 studies...

Uso da massagem como intervenção na lombalgia ocupacional em trabalhadores de enfermagem ; Use of the massage as intervention in occupational low back pain in nursing staff.

Borges, Talita Pavarini
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/11/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
Introdução: A Enfermagem apresenta alta possibilidade de desenvolvimento de lombalgia ocupacional por suas características laborais e condições de trabalho, impactando na qualidade de vida dos trabalhadores, níveis de absenteísmo e sobrecarga do sistema de Saúde. A massagem é apontada como um tratamento aceitável e adequado para lombalgia, uma vez que há benefícios na diminuição de dor e aumento do bem-estar. Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia da massagem para diminuir a lombalgia ocupacional. Método: Ensaio clínico randomizado com a equipe de Enfermagem de um Pronto-Socorro da Grande São Paulo. Após aprovação pelo CEP-EEUSP nº20328, aqueles que se enquadraram nos critérios de inclusão assinaram o Termo de Consentimento Livre-Esclarecido, preencheram o questionário de Dados Sócio-demográficos e de Morbidade, responderam qual o escore atual da dor pela Escala de Estimativa Numérica da Dor e preencheram o Questionário de Avaliação Funcional de Oswestry, com reaplicação deste na 6ª e 12ª. Os sujeitos com intensidade de dor moderada fizeram parte do estudo, sendo randomizados aleatoriamente em grupo intervenção (G1-Massagem por acupressão), grupo placebo (G2- aplicação do Laser Arseneto de Gálio 904nm desligado) e controle (G3-resposta a questionário). Os grupos G1 e G2 receberam a técnica da massagem e aplicação de Laser por 20 minutos...

Prevalence of low back pain and associated factors in adults from a middle-size Brazilian city

Zanuto, Everton Alex Carvalho; Codogno, Jamile Sanches; Christófaro, Diego Giulliano Destro; Vanderlei, Luiz Carlos Marques; Cardoso, Jefferson Rosa; Fernandes, Romulo Araújo
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1575-1582
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
Objective: To determine the prevalence of low back pain and some related variables among adults of both genders. Methods: Was conduct a cross-sectional study of population-based in the urban area of Presidente Prudente, São Paulo. The sample consisted of 743 adult residents for over two years in this city. Low back pain, quality of sleep and physical activity were collected through face to face interview at the residence of respondents. Was used the chi-square test to analyze the association between variables, later was created tree multivariate models with hierarchical inclusion of confounding factors. Results: The prevalence of low back pain reported last year was 50.2% (95% CI: 46.6, 53.8), and the last week 32.3% (95% CI: 28.9, 35.6). Was association among low back pain and females (p-value = 0.031), older age, lower education, altered sleep and overweight, the adjusted model found that people over the age of 45 years (45 to 59.9 years, OR = 13.1 [1.72-98.5] and ≥ 60 years, OR = 9.10 [1.15-71.7]), with some alteration of sleep (OR = 3.21 [1.84-5.61]) and obese (OR = 2.33 [1:26 to 4:33]) seems to be a risk group for low back pain. Conclusion: The prevalence of low back pain is high and obese people aged over 45 years, with any sleep disturbance are a group at higher risk for low back pain.; Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de dor lombar e algumas variáveis relacionadas entre adultos de ambos os sexos. Métodos: Estudo transversal de base populacional na zona urbana de Presidente Prudente...

Dor lombar em carregadores de hortifrutigranjeiros da Ceasa-Campinas : condicionantes relacionados com o processo de trabalho; Low back pain workers who handle food products from the Ceasa-Campinas : issues related to the work´s process

Thais Emi Ikari
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/02/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
A dor lombar é muito comum na população. Entre os trabalhadores é classificada como LER/DORT (Lesões por Esforços Repetitivos/Distúrbios Osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalho) e merecem destaque devido aos altos índices de ocorrência e aos custos que geram. A complexidade dos fatores de risco, diagnóstico, tratamento e prevenção também chama a atenção e é objeto de inúmeros estudos. Este trabalho foi realizado com carregadores de alimentos hortifrutigranjeiros da CEASA-Campinas (Central de Abastecimento de Campinas). O estudo foi transversal, realizado através de entrevistas com 289 carregadores. O objetivo foi identificar fatores potencialmente associados à dor lombar, para identificar aspectos do trabalho passíveis de intervenção bem como formas de melhorar a atenção multidisciplinar em saúde para esses trabalhadores. As propostas voltaram-se preferencialmente para sugestões de promoção da saúde, prevenção e reabilitação das lesões já instaladas. Os resultados mostram uma população heterogênea em relação à idade, tempo de trabalho e carga carregada. As crises de dor lombar são freqüentes e predominantemente agudas. Automedicação é amplamente usada em tais crises. Os fatores de risco analisados para associação com dor lombar envolveram características pessoais (idade...

Efeitos do fortalecimento dos musculos abdominais em mulheres potadoras de lombalgia; Effects of strengthening abdominal muscles in women with low back pain

Camila Pinhata Rocha
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.25%
Diferentes modalidades de tratamento vêm sendo utilizados por fisioterapeutas com a intenção de reverter quadros de disfunção da coluna vertebral, inclusive da região lombar, com intuito de reduzir a sintomatologia. Assim, realizou-se uma revisão da literatura com o objetivo de verificar os efeitos dos tratamentos fisioterapêuticos utilizados no tratamento da dor lombar. O levantamento bibliográfico, de janeiro de 2005 a outubro de 2009, foi feito nas seguintes bases de dados ISI, Pubmed, Bireme e Cochrane. Dois pesquisadores realizaram a busca individualmente, com as palavras chave physical therapy, physiotherapy, rehabilitation e low back pain e selecionaram os artigos relacionados aos recursos e métodos fisioterapêuticos relevantes no tratamento da lombalgia crônica não específica, sendo esses, estudos clínicos. Foram encontrados 22 artigos e selecionados 15, os quais atenderam aos critérios de inclusão desta pesquisa. Os resultados demonstraram que os diferentes métodos de tratamento utilizados pelos fisioterapeutas proporcionam efeitos positivos aos pacientes portadores de lombalgia crônica não específica, no entanto algumas inconsistências foram observadas no que diz respeito ao limiar de dor, pois não se encontraram trabalhos que dessem atenção ao gênero e ao ciclo menstrual...

Prevalence of low back pain and associated factors in adults from a middle-size Brazilian city

Zanuto,Everton Alex Carvalho; Codogno,Jamile Sanches; Christófaro,Diego Giulliano Destro; Vanderlei,Luiz Carlos Marques; Cardoso,Jefferson Rosa; Fernandes,Romulo Araújo
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
Objective: To determine the prevalence of low back pain and some related variables among adults of both genders. Methods: Was conduct a cross-sectional study of population-based in the urban area of Presidente Prudente, São Paulo. The sample consisted of 743 adult residents for over two years in this city. Low back pain, quality of sleep and physical activity were collected through face to face interview at the residence of respondents. Was used the chi-square test to analyze the association between variables, later was created tree multivariate models with hierarchical inclusion of confounding factors. Results: The prevalence of low back pain reported last year was 50.2% (95% CI: 46.6, 53.8), and the last week 32.3% (95% CI: 28.9, 35.6). Was association among low back pain and females (p-value = 0.031), older age, lower education, altered sleep and overweight, the adjusted model found that people over the age of 45 years (45 to 59.9 years, OR = 13.1 [1.72-98.5] and ≥ 60 years, OR = 9.10 [1.15-71.7]), with some alteration of sleep (OR = 3.21 [1.84-5.61]) and obese (OR = 2.33 [1:26 to 4:33]) seems to be a risk group for low back pain. Conclusion: The prevalence of low back pain is high and obese people aged over 45 years...

Investigation of low back pain in a non-hospital population of the coastline of the State of São Paulo

Malateaux,Janaína Macedo; Ricci,Flávia Rother; Fragoso,Yára Dadalti
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.24%
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Low back pain is a prevalent complaint of multifactorial origins. To date, there have been no studies on the prevalence and characteristics of low back pain in the city of Santos, in the coastal region of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The objective of the present study was to assess the profile of middle-aged individuals with low back pain from the general population aged 40-59 years, regarding gender, body mass index, regular physical activity and load handling. METHOD: The study design was prospective, exploratory and transversal, comprising 200 adults aged between 40 and 59 years, randomly selected as the study population. These individuals were sequentially approached by the researchers and asked whether they would agree to answer a medical questionnaire. No indication of the intention of researching low back pain was given before the individuals had agreed to participate. RESULTS: Out of 200 individuals (78 males and 122 females), 159 of them (60 males and 99 females) answered that they had experienced at least one significant and limiting episode of low back pain in their lives. A subgroup of 109 individuals (37 males and 72 females) had sought medical care for this painful episode. There were no statistically significant differences regarding gender...

Study of the prevalence and risk factors for low back pain in truck drivers in the state of São Paulo, Brazil

Andrusaitis,Silvia Ferreira; Oliveira,Reginaldo Perilo; Barros Filho,Tarcísio Eloy P.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.26%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of low back pain in truck drivers and check for possible risk factors related to the presence of low back pain. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed including personal factors such as age, practice of physical and sports activities, general health habits, occupation-related issues, and factors associated with low back pain. The body mass index (ratio of body weight to the square of height, kg/m²) was calculated. Of 489 male truck drivers assessed, 410 were enrolled into the study. The statistical analysis was divided into 2 stages: descriptive analysis of data, and binary logistical regression, where the response (dependent) variable (presence of low back pain) was associated with each independent variable to check for correlation with low back pain. RESULTS: Of the 410 truck drivers evaluated, 242 (59%) presented with low back pain, while 168 (41%) did not have low back pain. The only factor correlated with the presence of low back pain was the number of working hours; the other factors had no correlation with low back pain. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of low back pain in truck drivers was 59%. The number of working hours was the only variable associated with occurrence of low back pain, with an average of about 1 hour longer work time for drivers with low back pain compared to those without it and with an odds ratio of 1.07 (P = 0.026).

Do patients with chronic low back pain have an altered level and/or pattern of physical activity compared to healthy individuals? A systematic review of the literature

Griffin, Derek William; Harmon, D.C.; Kennedy, Norelee
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
peer-reviewed; Background It is commonly assumed that patients with chronic low back pain are less active than healthy individuals. There has been a recent increase in the number of studies published comparing the physical activity levels of patients with chronic low back pain and healthy individuals. Objectives The aim of this systematic review was to determine, based on the current body of evidence, if patients with chronic low back pain have a lower level and/or altered pattern of physical activity compared with asymptomatic, healthy individuals. Data sources The electronic databases Embase, Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Cinahl, Sport Discus and Nursing and Allied Health were searched from the beginning of each database until the end of December 2009. Review methods Studies which compared the level and/or pattern of physical activity of patients with chronic low back pain and healthy controls were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed using an assessment tool based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The scale was modified for the purposes of this study. Results Seven studies were included in the final review. Four studies recruited adult patients (18–65 years), two studies examined older adults (≥65 years) and one study recruited adolescents (<18 years). Pooled data revealed no significant difference in the overall activity level of adults or adolescents with CLBP...

The prevalence of recalled low back pain during and after pregnancy: a South Australian population survey

Stapleton, D.; MacLennan, A.; Kristiansson, P.
Fonte: Australian NZ J Obstet Gynaec Publicador: Australian NZ J Obstet Gynaec
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.22%
Objective To determine the prevalence of low back pain during pregnancy (LBPP) in an Australian Results population. Design A representative population-based survey of women aged 15 years and older. Setting and sample Four thousand four hundred randomly selected South Australian households were visited by trained surveyors who interviewed 1531 women (69.7% response rate) using pre-tested questions. Methods The South Australian Health Omnibus survey was utilised. Main outcome measures Demographic data were collected along with details of previous pregnancies, and degree of back pain during pregnancy, treatment regimens, and persistence of back pain. Results Thirty-five and a half per cent of women recall having at least moderately severe back pain during pregnancy. Women who reported such back pain were younger, were more likely to report ill health and be unemployed. Increasing parity was not associated with current back pain. The most commonly used treatments were bed rest, pain killing medication, physiotherapy, and chiropractic treatment. Half of those with symptoms were untreated. Sixtyeight per cent of women who experienced moderate or worse low back pain during pregnancy continued to experience recurring low back pain with a self reported reduction in their health. Conclusions Chronic low back pain is commonly associated with an onset in pregnancy subjectively contributing to long-term morbidity. The high prevalence may be an underestimate in view of the potential for recall bias in older women.; David B Stapleton...

Trunk muscle onset and cessation in golfers with and without low back pain

Cole, M.; Grimshaw, P.
Fonte: Elsevier Sci Ltd Publicador: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
The knowledge of the onset and cessation timing of the paraspinal muscles that surround the lumbar spine is an important area of research for the understanding of low back pain. This study examined the timing of the erector spinae and external oblique muscle activity in a group of golfers with and without low back pain. The study compared the results of surface electromyography measurements for two groups of golfers. Twelve male golfers who had reported a mild or greater level of pain in the lower back that was experienced while playing golf were examined. A further fifteen male golfers who had reported no history of lower back pain in the previous 12 months were recruited as controls. The results showed that the low-back-pain golfers switched on their erector spinae muscle significantly in advance of the start of the backswing. This finding was not evident in the group who did not have low back pain symptoms. Low-back-pain golfers, therefore, may use the erector spinae muscle as a primary spinal stabiliser instead of the stronger deeper muscles such as transversus abdominis and multifidus. These results may have important implications for conditioning programmes for golfers with low back pain.; http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/321/description#description; M.H. Cole and P.N. Grimshaw

Prevalence of chronic low back pain: systematic review

Meucci,Rodrigo Dalke; Fassa,Anaclaudia Gastal; Faria,Neice Muller Xavier
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.27%
OBJECTIVE To estimate worldwide prevalence of chronic low back pain according to age and sex.METHODS We consulted Medline (PubMed), LILACS and EMBASE electronic databases. The search strategy used the following descriptors and combinations: back pain, prevalence, musculoskeletal diseases, chronic musculoskeletal pain, rheumatic, low back pain, musculoskeletal disorders and chronic low back pain. We selected cross-sectional population-based or cohort studies that assessed chronic low back pain as an outcome. We also assessed the quality of the selected studies as well as the chronic low back pain prevalence according to age and sex.RESULTS The review included 28 studies. Based on our qualitative evaluation, around one third of the studies had low scores, mainly due to high non-response rates. Chronic low back pain prevalence was 4.2% in individuals aged between 24 and 39 years old and 19.6% in those aged between 20 and 59. Of nine studies with individuals aged 18 and above, six reported chronic low back pain between 3.9% and 10.2% and three, prevalence between 13.1% and 20.3%. In the Brazilian older population, chronic low back pain prevalence was 25.4%.CONCLUSIONS Chronic low back pain prevalence increases linearly from the third decade of life on...

Locus of control in active physical therapy treatment for non-specific chronic low back pain

Batista,Alexandre Apolinário de Souza; Diniz,Leandro Silva Rezende; Oliveira,Vinícius Cunha; Venturini,Claudia
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.22%
AbstractIntroduction The health locus of control is defined as the perception of individuals in relation to whom they believe to be responsible for their health condition, including low back pain.Objective To identify whether individuals suffering from chronic low back pain in active physical therapy treatment believe they are responsible for their own condition.Material and methods Cross-sectional study involving 28 patients under active physical therapy treatment for non-specific chronic low back pain. Sociodemographic data and low back characteristics — including disability and pain severity — were collected. The Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) scale was used to assess the health locus of control.Results Participants undergoing active low back pain treatment presented a mean (SD) of 26 points (11.40) in a 0–100 point scale for disability and 6.39 points (2.24) on a 0–10 scale for pain. In relation to the health locus of control, the means (SD) for internal, external and chance subscales were, respectively: 29.32 (3.98), 24.75 (3.58), and 13.71 (6.67). 82.1% of the participants presented higher rates for internal locus of control.Conclusion Patients undergoing active treatment for chronic low back pain believe they are responsible for their own condition. Further longitudinal studies may determine whether active treatments affect the beliefs of low back pain patients.

Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Chronic Low Back Pain: What Treatments are Patients Willing to Try?

Sherman, Karen J; Cherkin, Daniel C; Erro, Janet; Savetsky, Jacqueline B; Connelly, Maureen Therese; Davis, Roger B.; Eisenberg, David Miles
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
Background: Although back pain is the most common reason patients use complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies, little is known about the willingness of primary care back pain patients to try these therapies. As part of an effort to refine recruitment strategies for clinical trials, we sought to determine if back pain patients are willing to try acupuncture, chiropractic, massage, meditation, and t'ai chi and to learn about their knowledge of, experience with, and perceptions about each of these therapies. Methods: We identified English-speaking patients with diagnoses consistent with chronic low back pain using automated visit data from one health care organization in Boston and another in Seattle. We were able to confirm the eligibility status (i.e., current low back pain that had lasted at least 3 months) of 70% of the patients with such diagnoses and all eligible respondents were interviewed. Results: Except for chiropractic, knowledge about these therapies was low. Chiropractic and massage had been used by the largest fractions of respondents (54% and 38%, respectively), mostly for back pain (45% and 24%, respectively). Among prior users of specific CAM therapies for back pain, massage was rated most helpful. Users of chiropractic reported treatment-related "significant discomfort...

The development and validation of a low back pain knowledge questionnaire - LKQ

Maciel,Simone Carazzato; Jennings,Fabio; Jones,Anamaria; Natour,Jamil
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire on specific knowledge about low back pain entitled "The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire". INTRODUCTION: There is a need for instruments to assess patient knowledge regarding chronic illness. Such methods can contribute to the education of patients. METHODS: The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was developed through five focus groups. The questionnaire was distributed to 50 patients to assess their comprehension of the terms. To assess the reproducibility, 20 patients were surveyed by two different interviewers on the same day and twice by a single interviewer with a one-to-two week interval. For the construct validation, the Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was given to 20 healthcare professionals with knowledge on low back pain and 20 patients to determine whether the questionnaire would discriminate between the two different populations. To assess the sensitivity of the questionnaire to changes in the knowledge level of the patients, it was given to 60 patients who were randomly assigned to the Intervention Group and the Control Group. The Intervention Group answered the questionnaire both before and after attending a chronic back pain educational program (back school)...

Estudo clínico-qualitativo da dinâmica psíquica de pessoas com lombalgia crônica por artrose facetária; Clinical and qualitative study psychological dynamic of people with chronic low back pain by facet arthrosis

Paula, Barbara Subtil de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/07/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.23%
A dor é uma experiência emocional e sensorial desagradável, associada ao dano real ou potencial de alguma região do corpo. Segundo a International Association for the Study of Pain, ela é sempre subjetiva, pois sua percepção é aprendida com a vivência pessoal de cada indivíduo. A lombalgia atinge cerca de 80% da população adulta e sua cronicidade pode estar relacionada com diversos fatores. Objetivou-se compreender a dinâmica psíquica das pessoas com lombalgia crônica por artrose facetária selecionadas para o estudo, partindo da perspectiva da psicossomática (campo de conhecimento que trabalha na interface entre os aspectos mentais, físicos e sociais) em uma compreensão biopsicossocial. Constitui-se em uma pesquisa descritiva de caráter clínico-qualitativo. Como método, foram definidas duas frentes de trabalho: revisão bibliográfica e estudo de campo. Na primeira realizou-se revisão bibliográfica acerca do tema dor e psicologia. A base de dados utilizada foi Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS-PSI). Levantou-se todo tipo de publicação através de uma terminologia padronizada no site BVS-PSI. Foram mantidas para análise de conteúdo do texto completo as publicações que fizeram referência à dor crônica lombar e que apontarem presença de psicologia...

Estudo da prevalência e fatores de risco da lombalgia em caminhoneiros do estado de São Paulo, Brasil; Study of the prevalence and risk factors for low back pain in truck drivers in the state of São Paulo, Brazil

Andrusaitis, Silvia Ferreira; Oliveira, Reginaldo Perilo; Barros Filho, Tarcísio Eloy P.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.26%
OBJETIVO: Investigar a prevalência da lombalgia em caminhoneiros e verificar os possíveis fatores de risco relacionados à presença da dor lombar. MÉTODOS: Foi elaborado um questionário que abordou fatores pessoais como: idade, prática de atividade física e esportiva, hábitos gerais de saúde, questões relativas ao exercício profissional e fatores relacionados à lombalgia. Calculou-se também o índice de massa corpórea através da relação entre o peso corporal e o quadrado da estatura. Foram avaliados 489 caminhoneiros do sexo masculino e selecionados 410 para o estudo. A análise estatística foi dividida em duas etapas: análise descritiva dos dados e regressão logística binária, na qual a variável resposta (presença da dor lombar) foi associada às demais variáveis, a fim de verificar sua correlação com a lombalgia. RESULTADOS: Dos 410 caminhoneiros avaliados 242 apresentaram lombalgia, correspondendo a 59% da amostra e 168 não apresentaram dor lombar, correspondendo a 41% da amostra. Dentre os fatores estudados o único que apresentou correlação com a presença da lombalgia foi o número de horas de trabalho. Os demais fatores considerados associados ao risco não apresentaram correlação com a dor lombar. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência da lombalgia nos caminhoneiros foi 59%. O número de horas de trabalho foi a única variável que apresentou associação com a ocorrência da lombalgia...

The development and validation of a low back pain knowledge questionnaire - LKQ

Maciel, Simone Carazzato; Jennings, Fabio; Jones, Anamaria; Natour, Jamil
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire on specific knowledge about low back pain entitled "The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire". INTRODUCTION: There is a need for instruments to assess patient knowledge regarding chronic illness. Such methods can contribute to the education of patients. METHODS: The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was developed through five focus groups. The questionnaire was distributed to 50 patients to assess their comprehension of the terms. To assess the reproducibility, 20 patients were surveyed by two different interviewers on the same day and twice by a single interviewer with a one-to-two week interval. For the construct validation, the Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was given to 20 healthcare professionals with knowledge on low back pain and 20 patients to determine whether the questionnaire would discriminate between the two different populations. To assess the sensitivity of the questionnaire to changes in the knowledge level of the patients, it was given to 60 patients who were randomly assigned to the Intervention Group and the Control Group. The Intervention Group answered the questionnaire both before and after attending a chronic back pain educational program (back school)...

Quem sente é a gente, mas é preciso relevar: a lombalgia na vida das trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau - Santa Catarina; One feels it but one must overlook it: low back pain in the life of women working in the textile sector of Blumenau - Santa Catarina

Polizelli, Karine Muniz; Leite, Silvana Nair
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
Este estudo foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de compreender o enfrentamento da lombalgia no cotidiano de mulheres trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau, Santa Catarina. Três mulheres trabalhadoras do setor têxtil daquela cidade foram as informantes principais do estudo, desenvolvido em encontros quinzenais e visitas a locais de trabalho. Foram utilizados como ferramentas de estudo um calendário com data e dias da semana para a marcação de dores relativas à lombalgia e uma Escala Análogo Visual (EAV). Além de relatos anotados em formulários de acompanhamento dos encontros quinzenais, utilizou-se um diário de campo para transcrição de fatos e relatos. Os dados coletados levaram à construção de duas categorias interpretativas: a dor lombar sob o aspecto da normalidade e a dor sentida. Os resultados da pesquisa levam à conclusão de que a lombalgia, sob o ponto de vista das trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau, apresenta-se como uma espécie de conflito entre a dor normal, sem importância social, e a dor sentida e limitante, que traz sofrimentos e angústias no âmbito privado. A dualidade da lombalgia é marcante, pois são mulheres que têm dor, real para elas, com um impacto importante para suas vidas, mas elas mesmas esforçam-se por negligenciá-la...

Prevalence of chronic low back pain: systematic review

Meucci,Rodrigo Dalke; Fassa,Anaclaudia Gastal; Faria,Neice Muller Xavier
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.27%
OBJECTIVE To estimate worldwide prevalence of chronic low back pain according to age and sex. METHODS We consulted Medline (PubMed), LILACS and EMBASE electronic databases. The search strategy used the following descriptors and combinations: back pain, prevalence, musculoskeletal diseases, chronic musculoskeletal pain, rheumatic, low back pain, musculoskeletal disorders and chronic low back pain. We selected cross-sectional population-based or cohort studies that assessed chronic low back pain as an outcome. We also assessed the quality of the selected studies as well as the chronic low back pain prevalence according to age and sex. RESULTS The review included 28 studies. Based on our qualitative evaluation, around one third of the studies had low scores, mainly due to high non-response rates. Chronic low back pain prevalence was 4.2% in individuals aged between 24 and 39 years old and 19.6% in those aged between 20 and 59. Of nine studies with individuals aged 18 and above, six reported chronic low back pain between 3.9% and 10.2% and three, prevalence between 13.1% and 20.3%. In the Brazilian older population, chronic low back pain prevalence was 25.4%. CONCLUSIONS Chronic low back pain prevalence increases linearly from the third decade of life on...