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Loneliness and depression in the institutionalized elderly

Ribeiro, Maria Isabel; Rodrigues, Cristiana; Gonçalves, Cláudia; Sousa, Vanessa
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.54%
Institutionalized elderly people often experience feelings of depression and loneliness. However, there are strategies to combat these problems allowinga better quality of life. Objectives To know the feelings of the elderly in relation to their life. To determine the degree of depression. To verify if loneliness is associated with depression. Methods A cross-sectional, quantitative, observational and analytical study was developed. A questionnaire was developed containing socio demographic questions, the Geriatric Depression Scale and the UCLA Loneliness Scale. A sample of 62 elders (40 women e 22 menaged between 40 and 99 years) that were institutionalized at the Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Vinhais was collected. SPSS 21.0 was used to compute descriptive statistics and Spearman correlation test. Results It was found that 46.8% of respondents had moderate depression and 45.2% had severe depression. There was no evidence of minor depression among elders. The Spearman correlation test show that there is a significant correlation between the Depression and Loneliness (rho=0,472), this means that the correlation is positive and moderate. Conclusions Institutionalized elderly presented moderate and severe depressionlevels. Depression is...

Trabalho imaterial, medo, solidão : "amigos de aluguel" na sociedade líquido-moderna; Immaterial work, fear, loneliness : "friends for rent" in the liquid-modern society; Trabajo inmaterial, miedo, soledad : amigos de alquiler en la sociedad moderna líquida

Grisci, Carmem Ligia Iochins; Bitencourt, Betina Magalhães; Fleck, Carolina Freddo
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.35%
O presente artigo resultou de uma pesquisa exploratório-qualitativa que objetivou colocar em pauta os temas medo e solidão a partir da perspectiva da sociedade líquido-moderna. Para tanto tomou como objeto o inusitado trabalho imaterial denominado Amigos de Aluguel, que teve visibilidade na mídia eletrônica a partir de 2009. As referências de análise emergiram de sites alusivos ao trabalho ofertado que anuncia atender indivíduos que sintam o peso do medo e da solidão na vida cotidiana. Autores como Zygmunt Bauman, Richard Sennett e Vincent de Gaulejac, em especial, mostraram-se importante suporte para a compreensão dos resultados, por indicarem o trabalho imaterial denominado Amigos de Aluguel como um modo de produção de estilos de vida ou de modos de existência e como um indicador do medo e da solidão na sociedade líquido-moderna justamente por sua eficácia, mesmo que momentânea, em mascarar a vivência de ambos.; This article resulted from an exploratory study that aimed to put out under consideration themes like fear and loneliness in the liquid-modern society. In this regard it took as object the unusual immaterial work called “Friends for Rent” (“Amigos de Aluguel”), which was visible in the electronic media from 2009. The references of analysis emerged from sites allusive to the offered work which aims to meet individuals who feel the weight of fear and loneliness in everyday life. Authors such as Zygmunt Bauman...

A solidão como fator de risco para a depressão, na terceira idade

Costa, Filipa Cardoso
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 15/01/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.63%
Segundo Hawkley et al (2008;Savikko, Routasalo, Tilvis, Strandberg, & Pitkala 2005, cit. in Cacioppo, Hawkley, & Thisted, 2010) existem uma série de fatores situacionais que aumentam o risco de solidão, nos mais idosos, fatores esses que associados às perdas contínuas, ao declínio físico e à maior presença de incapacidades propiciam, simultaneamente, a depressão nos mais idosos (Ballone, 2002, cit. in Martins, 2008), fazendo com que esta seja a alteração psiquiátrica mais frequente nesta faixa etária: dois em cada três seniores que vão à consulta externa de psiquiatria têm depressão (Mirchandani (1991, cit. in Martins, 2008). A solidão, por sua vez, tem vindo a ser associada a diversas doenças físicas e psíquicas (depressão e ansiedade) (DiTomaso & Spinner (1997, cit. in Fernandes & Neto, 2009) existindo mesmo diversos estudos que apontam a solidão como fator de risco para a morbilidade e mortalidade (Luo, Hawkley, C, Waite & Cacioppo, 2012). Assim sendo, e tendo por base a revisão bibliográfica, o objetivo da investigação foi investigar em que medida a solidão seria um fator de risco para a depressão, na terceira- idade. A amostra foi constituída por 100 idosos isolados, referenciados pela GNR e do distrito de Braga...

Older adult loneliness: myths and realities

Dykstra, Pearl A.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.61%
The focus in this paper is on the social domain of quality of life, and more particularly loneliness. The empirical literature on older adult loneliness is reviewed, thereby challenging three often-held assumptions that figure prominently in public debates on loneliness. The first assumption that loneliness is a problem specifically for older people finds only partial support. Loneliness is common only among the very old. The second assumption is that people in individualistic societies are most lonely. Contrary to this belief, findings show that older adults in northern European countries tend to be less lonely than those in the more familialistic southern European countries. The scarce data on Central and Eastern Europe suggest a high prevalence of older adult loneliness in those countries. The third assumption that loneliness has increased over the past decades finds no support. Loneliness levels have decreased, albeit slightly. The review notes the persistence of ageist attitudes, and underscores the importance of considering people’s frame of reference and normative orientation in analyses of loneliness.

Predictors of Loneliness in Caregivers of Persons with Parkinson’s Disease

McRae, Cynthia; Fazio, Emily; Hartsock, Gina; Kelley, Livia; Urbanski, Shawna; Russell, Dan
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.61%
This study examined loneliness among caregivers of individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). The sample included 70 caregivers (74% female; 96% spouses) who were currently living with the patient. A postal survey was sent to caregivers of persons with PD on the mailing list of a regional Parkinson association; response rate was 39%. Assessment instruments included the UCLA Loneliness Scale, Social Provisions Scale, Hoehn and Yahr (caregiver version), a perceived Self-Efficacy Scale developed previously for use with PD caregivers, and questions related to both patient and caregiver characteristics. Caregivers reported more loneliness than all similar normative groups except Alzheimer caregivers (P < .001 to P = .011). Hierarchical regression analyses were used to determine whether patient or caregiver characteristics were more predictive of loneliness. Results indicated that patient variables accounted for only 12% of the variance in loneliness, whereas caregiver variables accounted for an additional 46% of the variance (P < .01). Among the significant individual caregiver predictors of greater loneliness were less education, lower perceived self-efficacy (both P < .05) and poorer physical health (P < .01). It was also found that persons attending caregiver support groups reported less loneliness (P < .05) and more perceived support (P < .05) than those not attending support groups. Because loneliness was significantly predicted by caregiver rather than patient variables...

Alone in the Crowd: The Structure and Spread of Loneliness in a Large Social Network

Cacioppo, John T.; Fowler, James H.; Christakis, Nicholas A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.63%
The discrepancy between an individual’s loneliness and the number of connections in a social network is well documented, yet little is known about the placement of loneliness within, or the spread of loneliness through, social networks. We use network linkage data from the population-based Framingham Heart Study to trace the topography of loneliness in people’s social networks and the path through which loneliness spreads through these networks. Results indicated that loneliness occurs in clusters, extends up to three degrees of separation, is disproportionately represented at the periphery of social networks, and spreads through a contagious process. The spread of loneliness was found to be stronger than the spread of perceived social connections, stronger for friends than family members, and stronger for women than for men. The results advance our understanding of the broad social forces that drive loneliness and suggest that efforts to reduce loneliness in our society may benefit by aggressively targeting the people in the periphery to help repair their social networks and to create a protective barrier against loneliness that can keep the whole network from unraveling.

Loneliness and Cortisol: Momentary, Day-to-day, and Trait Associations

Doane, Leah D.; Adam, Emma K.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.61%
In attempts to understand the social determinants of health, strong associations have been found between measures of loneliness, physiological stress processes, and physical and mental health outcomes. Feelings of loneliness are hypothesized to have implications for physiological stress processes, including activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In a community sample of young adults, multilevel modeling was used to examine whether trait and state feelings of loneliness were related to changes in levels of the stress-sensitive hormone cortisol, and whether the associations between loneliness and cortisol were mediated or moderated by the presence of concurrent depression or high levels of chronic life stress. Results indicated that trait loneliness was associated with a flattening of the diurnal cortisol rhythm. In addition, both daily and momentary state variations in loneliness were related to cortisol. Prior-day feelings of loneliness were associated with an increased cortisol awakening response the next morning and momentary experiences of loneliness during the day were associated with momentary increases in cortisol among youth who also had high chronic interpersonal stress. Results were significant after covarying current depression...

Brain Structure Links Loneliness to Social Perception

Kanai, Ryota; Bahrami, Bahador; Duchaine, Brad; Janik, Agnieszka; Banissy, Michael J.; Rees, Geraint
Fonte: Cell Press Publicador: Cell Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/10/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.63%
Loneliness is the distressing feeling associated with the perceived absence of satisfying social relationships [1]. Loneliness is increasingly prevalent in modern societies [2, 3] and has detrimental effects on health and happiness [4, 5]. Although situational threats to social relationships can transiently induce the emotion of loneliness, susceptibility to loneliness is a stable trait that varies across individuals [6–8] and is to some extent heritable [9–11]. However, little is known about the neural processes associated with loneliness (but see [12–14]). Here, we hypothesized that individual differences in loneliness might be reflected in the structure of the brain regions associated with social processes [15]. To test this hypothesis, we used voxel-based morphometry and showed that lonely individuals have less gray matter in the left posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS)—an area implicated in basic social perception. As this finding predicted, we further confirmed that loneliness was associated with difficulty in processing social cues. Although other sociopsychological factors such as social network size, anxiety, and empathy independently contributed to loneliness, only basic social perception skills mediated the association between the pSTS volume and loneliness. Taken together...

A Behavioral Taxonomy of Loneliness in Humans and Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca mulatta)

Capitanio, John P.; Hawkley, Louise C.; Cole, Steven W.; Cacioppo, John T.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.63%
Social relationships endow health and fitness benefits, but considerable variation exists in the extent to which individuals form and maintain salutary social relationships. The mental and physical health effects of social bonds are more strongly related to perceived isolation (loneliness) than to objective social network characteristics. We sought to develop an animal model to facilitate the experimental analysis of the development of, and the behavioral and biological consequences of, loneliness. In Study 1, using a population-based sample of older adults, we examined how loneliness was influenced both by social network size and by the extent to which individuals believed that their daily social interactions reflected their own choice. Results revealed three distinct clusters of individuals: (i) individuals with large networks who believed they had high choice were lowest in loneliness, (ii) individuals with small social networks who believed they had low choice were highest in loneliness, and (iii) the remaining two groups were intermediate and equivalent in loneliness. In Study 2, a similar three-group structure was identified in two separate samples of adult male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) living in large social groups: (i) those high in sociability who had complex social interaction with a broad range of social partners (putatively low in loneliness)...

Alone in the Crowd: The Structure and Spread of Loneliness in a Large Social Network

Cacioppo, John T.; Fowler, James H.; Christakis, Nicholas Alexander
Fonte: American Psychological Association Publicador: American Psychological Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.65%
The discrepancy between an individual’s loneliness and the number of connections in a social network is well documented, yet little is known about the placement of loneliness within, or the spread of loneliness through, social networks. We use network linkage data from the population-based Framingham Heart Study to trace the topography of loneliness in people’s social networks and the path through which loneliness spreads through these networks. Results indicated that loneliness occurs in clusters, extends up to three degrees of separation, is disproportionately represented at the periphery of social networks, and spreads through a contagious process. The spread of loneliness was found to be stronger than the spread of perceived social connections, stronger for friends than family members, and stronger for women than for men. The results advance our understanding of the broad social forces that drive loneliness and suggest that efforts to reduce loneliness in our society may benefit by aggressively targeting the people in the periphery to help repair their social networks and to create a protective barrier against loneliness that can keep the whole network from unraveling.; Sociology

The social production of loneliness amongst women of refugee background living in Adelaide, Australia.

Rodeghiero, Jane Frances
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
This thesis problematises the Australian government’s current settlement model which aims to develop social networking and social capital for new arrivals in order for them to become ‘fully integrated’ into society and achieve a sense of Australian national identity. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into why so many women of refugee background are experiencing social disconnection and loneliness for protracted periods. Six months of ethnographic fieldwork was undertaken to explore how existing policies and practices relate to the everyday experiences and priorities of a small group of women as they endeavored to rebuild their fractured social world in Adelaide. I centrally argue that the government’s current settlement model is flawed for five key reasons. Firstly, its assimilationist-integration agenda can produce or exacerbate feelings of social alienation. Secondly, it undermines relations with family and people of similar ethnic-cultural background through highly restrictive family reunification policies and the withdrawal of government support and resources to ethno-specific organisations. Thirdly, the assumption that this will inevitably lead to the increased development of relations with the wider population is erroneous. The current political and social conditions have produced an environment where these relations do not easily evolve through informal social interactions or active participation in work and study and there is a lack of effective and properly resourced facilitated opportunities. Perversely then...

Effect of interaction between parental treatment styles and peer relations in classroom on the feelings of loneliness among deaf children in Egyptian schools; Effect of interaction between parental treatment styles and peer relations in classroom on the feelings of loneliness among deaf children in Egyptian schools; Interaktionseffekte zwischen Elterlichen Erziehungsstilen und Kameradenbeziehungen im Klassenzimmer auf die Gefühle von Einsamkeit bei gehörlosen Kindern in ägyptischen Schulen

Elhageen, Adel Abdelfatah M.
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertation; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.67%
This research in an attempt to determine the effective role of both parental treatment styles and peer relations in the classroom and the interaction between them on deaf children's loneliness. The sample has consisted of 415 deaf children in the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh grades, and ranging in age from 8.5 to 13.2 years old in six elementary schools for the deaf children in Egyptian. The used instruments in this study were: The Sociometric Peer Nomination Rating Scale (developed by the researcher); The Parental Promotion of Peer Relations Inventory (Mounts, 2000, modification by the researcher); The Parental Acceptance, Neglection, Rejection questionnaire (PANRQ, developed by the researcher); The Parental Strictness, Indulgence Questionnaire (PSIQ, developed by the researcher); and The Deaf Children's Loneliness Scale (DCLS, developed by the researcher). The results indicated that: 1- There is no significant statistical difference in the mean scores of loneliness between the deaf boys and girls children (206, 172) = 0.27, P > 0.05. 2- The deaf children reported higher levels of loneliness than the hearing children [t (132, 179) = 3.04, p < 0.01].. 3- Loneliness is negatively correlated with parental promotion of peer relations (r = 0.64). 4- A one-way (peer relations) analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated that there are statistical significant differences in deaf children’s loneliness mean scores according to the three types of peer relations in classroom [F (2...

SOCIAL SUPPORT, LONELINESS AND DEPRESSION IN THE ELDERLY

ONI, OLUWABUSOLA OLUTOYIN
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.49%
The purpose of this study was to explore specific types of informal social relationships- family or friends formed in nursing homes and to determine how each affected the health of the elderly, especially in the areas of loneliness and depression. A face-to-face interview using four structured questionnaires was adopted for this descriptive study design. The main outcomes of depression and loneliness were measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and University of California Loneliness Scale (UCLA). The Duke Inventory Social Support Scale, measuring both family and friend support separately, measured predictor variables of family and friend support. Eighty-seven percent of participants completed the study. The results indicate that friend support was a more reliable factor for predicting the levels of loneliness and depression after controlling for all other co-founding variables. The findings will help nurses and other health care personnel when assessing the social support networks, beliefs and preferences of older adults to plan and implement the best practices. This will also offer health care facilities suggested ways to reduce or combat loneliness and depression among the elderly people.; Thesis (Master...

Loneliness During Adolescence: Analysis of the Concept; Soledad en la adolescencia: análisis del concepto; Solidão na adolescência: análise do contexto

Carvajal-Carrascal, Gloria; Universidad de La Sabana; Caro-Castillo, Clara Virginia; Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Fonte: Aquichan Publicador: Aquichan
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.35%
Loneliness is an experience known to all human beings. Inherent in the need to belong, it is regarded as an epidemic in modern society, a public health problem that needs to be addressed from a variety of perspectives, given its physical, mental and social consequences. Adolescence is a particularly vulnerable stage for experiencing feelings of loneliness, which are a significant factor for adolescent health and quality of life and , as such, it is relevant to nursing care. The purpose of this article is to analyze the concept of loneliness during adolescence through the method proposed by Walker and Avant, which is a strategy for examining the characteristics that define a concept and its attributes. An understanding of this phenomenon will make it possible to propose strategies for prevention and intervention, and to guide care for this age group.; La soledad es una experiencia conocida por todos los seres humanos, inherente a la necesidad de pertenecer y que actualmente es considerada como una epidemia de la sociedad moderna, un problema de salud pública que por sus consecuencias físicas, mentales y sociales requiere un abordaje desde múltiples perspectivas. Así mismo, la adolescencia es una etapa especialmente vulnerable para experimentar sentimientos de soledad que son un factor significativo para la salud y la calidad de vida de los adolescentes y como tal es relevante para el cuidado de enfermería. Este articulo tiene como objetivo analizar el concepto de soledad en la adolescencia a través de la metodología propuesta por Walker y Avant...

The Experience of Older Women Living with Loneliness and Chronic Conditions in Appalachia

Theeke, Laurie A.; Mallow, Jennifer; Gianni, Chelsea; Legg, Kacie; Glass, Christy
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.65%
This phenomenological qualitative study explored the experience of living with loneliness and multiple chronic conditions for rural older women in Appalachia. The study took place in 2012 in Northern West Virginia. Participants were 14 older women who were chronically ill, community dwelling, and lonely (Score of 40 or higher on the Revised 20-item UCLA Loneliness Scale). Thematic content analysis revealed four categories that contained thirteen themes: (a) negative emotions of loneliness, which included themes of sadness, disconnection, fear, anger, and worry; (b) positive emotions when not lonely, which included themes of joy with others and pride in self; (c) loss of independence and loneliness, which included themes of functional decline contributes to loneliness, burden, and gratitude for help; and (d) ways of managing loneliness, which included remembering holidays and happier moments, staying busy, and getting out. The study contributes new knowledge about the experience of anger, fear, and worry when lonely. These emotions have not extensively been identified as significant to loneliness. Future studies exploring the links between loneliness and anger, fear, worry, and negative physical health outcomes could enhance knowledge of mechanisms by which loneliness contributes to health decline. Additionally...

Gender, Loneliness, and Friendship Satisfaction in Early Adulthood: The Role of Friendship Features and Friendship Expectations

Weeks, Molly Stroud
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.61%

Three studies focus on an intriguing paradox in the associations between gender, friendship quality, and loneliness, and examine whether gender differences in friendship expectations help explain why the paradox occurs. Study 1 (n = 1761 college undergraduates) documents the three elements of this paradox: (1) females reported higher levels of various positive features in their friendships than did males; (2) higher levels of positive friendship features were associated with lower levels of loneliness; and (3) males and females reported similar levels of loneliness. Consistent with this paradox, when friendship features were statistically controlled, a statistical suppression effect was found such that females reported higher levels of loneliness than did males.

Study 2 (n = 1008 young adults aged 18 to 29) replicated each of the findings from Study 1 using a revised and expanded measure that reliably assessed a broader set of distinct friendship features. In addition to measuring friendship features and loneliness, Study 2 also examined friendship satisfaction, and here too a striking suppression effect emerged. Specifically, although females reported slightly higher levels of friendship satisfaction than did males...

Loneliness among very old Mexican Americans: Findings from the Hispanic established populations epidemiologic studies of the elderly

Gerst-Emerson, Kerstin; Shovali, Tamar E.; Markides, Kyriakos S.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Text
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.69%
Increasing numbers of researchers are finding that loneliness is a significant risk factor for morbidity and mortality, and several of variables have been found to be closely related to the experience of loneliness among elders. However, much of the research has focused on the general older population, with no research to date focusing on minority populations. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and the correlates of loneliness among a community-dwelling older Mexican American population. This study used a three-item loneliness scale to determine prevalence of loneliness. Pearson’s correlation and linear regression analyses were used to determine the cross-sectional association between sociodemographic, interpersonal relationship and health variables with the scale. Data used came from the most recent wave (2011) of the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (H-EPESE). A total of 873 Mexican Americans completed the loneliness scale. The age range was from 80 to 102, with a majority (65%) female. The mean score on the scale was 4.05 (range 3–9), indicating relatively low levels of loneliness. Regression results indicate that depressive symptoms, cognitive status, and living alone were significantly associated with higher loneliness scores. Being married and having a confidante were significantly associated with lower loneliness. Age...

Imagens da solidão na contemporaneidade: a contribuição do filme Her em uma perspectiva junguiana; Images of loneliness in the contemporaneity: the contribution of the movie Her in a Junguian perspective

Steinke, Anna Paula Zanoni
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/08/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.58%
Estudar a solidão por meio de um ponto de vista psicológico junguiano, o qual entende os fenômenos da psique como plurais, relacionados a aspectos pessoais e coletivos foi o objetivo principal deste trabalho. A partir do conceito junguiano de imagem, ou seja, perspectivas a respeito de qualquer ideia, conceito, sentimento ou percepção que são formados sobre o mundo, buscou-se analisar o que há nas imagens sobre a solidão presentes na contemporaneidade. Estudos nas ciências sociais e o filme Her contribuíram como fontes de imagens para a análise da solidão. O filme apresentou imagens com grande sensibilidade, plasticidade e potencial arquetípico capazes de aprofundar a ampliar o tema. A solidão também foi estudada como elemento importante no processo de desenvolvimento psíquico, como na formação da consciência, na diferenciação gradual da psique do bebê em relação à psique materna e no caminho de individuação, os quais representam movimentos estruturantes que têm seus fundamentos nos processos de separação e diferenciação. Três perspectivas mitológicas foram apresentadas como bases arquetípicas capazes de fornecer luz para a compreensão da solidão: o casamento sagrado de Eros e Psiquê, o mito de Narciso e a concepção de Dioniso e sua relação com o conceito de communitas. Reflexões sobre a interação dessas três perspectivas com a contemporaneidade foram realizadas. A conclusão da pesquisa é de que a solidão representa uma potencialidade de contato com a alma...

Schizoid personality disorder linked to unbearable and inescapable loneliness

Martens,Willem H.J.
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.35%
Background and Objectives: More insight is needed into the link between loneliness and schizoid personality disorder in order to construct more adequate diagnostic tools and therapeutic programs. Methods: A computer-based search of literature (Medline and PsycInfo) between 1970 and 2009. Results: A combination of intrapsychic, psychosocial, cultural, ethnic, religious, and/or neurobiological factors determine loneliness and associated schizoid etiology. Furthermore, a complex interaction between these influences is prevalent in schizoid etiology. Conclusion: Loneliness appears to be a crucial factor in the etiology of schizoid personality disorder.

Factor structure of the De Jong Gierveld loneliness scale in Spanish elderly adults

Buz,José; Urchaga,David; Polo,María E.
Fonte: Anales de Psicología Publicador: Anales de Psicología
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/05/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.35%
Loneliness is an important component in the measurement of subjective well-being of elderly adults. The most influential instrument in Europe is the 11-item de Jong Gierveld loneliness scale (DJGLS; de Jong Gierveld and Kamphuis, 1985). The aim of this study was to examine, throughout factorial techniques, the internal structure the Spanish version of the DJGLS. Data were gathered from 328 community-dwelling elderly adults (M = 75.53, Range: 60-99 years). The factor analysis techniques revealed that the scale was essentially unidimensional (RMR = .088, AGFI = .970, NFI = .966). Reliability was .91. Neither substantive nor statistical reasons were found to consider the existence of a second factor. Our findings also revealed some psychometric problems in the measurement of the social and emotional aspects of loneliness. Emphasis is placed on the need to improve the scale and bear in mind the differences between collectivist and individualist cultures in the use of scales measuring well-being.