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Marginal grafts increase early mortality in liver transplantation; Enxertos marginais aumentam a mortalidade precoce no transplante de fígado

BACCHELLA, Telesforo; GALVÃO, Flávio Henrique Ferreira; ALMEIDA, José Luiz Jesus de; FIGUEIRA, Estela Regina; MORAES, Andreza de; MACHADO, Marcel Cerqueira César
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Expanded donor criteria (marginal) grafts are an important solution for organ shortage. Nevertheless, they raise an ethical dilemma because they may increase the risk of transplant failure. This study compares the outcomes from marginal and non-marginal graft transplantation in 103 cases of liver transplantation due to chronic hepatic failure. DESIGN AND SETTING: One hundred and three consecutive liver transplantations to treat chronic liver disease performed in the Liver Transplantation Service of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo between January 2001 and March 2006 were retrospectively analyzed. METHODS: We estimated graft quality according to a validated scoring system. We assessed the pre-transplantation liver disease category using the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD), as low MELD (< 20) or high MELD (> 20). The parameters for marginal and non-marginal graft comparison were the one-week, one-month and one-year recipient survival rates, serum liver enzyme peak, post-transplantation hospital stay and incidence of surgical complications and retransplantation. The significance level was 0.05. RESULTS: There were no differences between the groups regarding post-transplantation hospital stay...

Qualidade de vida e transplante hepático: avaliação comparativa em diferentes fases pré e pós cirurgia; Quality of life and liver transplantation: evaluation in different stages before and after surgery

Gotardo, Daniela Rosa Magalhães
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/05/2007 PT
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66.43%
O transplante de fígado é definido como a terapêutica de escolha para as doenças hepáticas em estágio terminal. Por muitos anos, o sucesso deste procedimento foi mensurado pelas taxas de mortalidade e a freqüência de complicações nas anastomoses biliares e complicações infecciosas. No entanto, mais recentemente um novo foco de preocupação voltou-se para a avaliação da qualidade de vida no grupo de pacientes transplantados. Os benefícios do transplante hepático sobre a qualidade de vida dos pacientes é um evento já demonstrado previamente em alguns estudos que utilizaram questionários genéricos de avaliação de qualidade de vida. A qualidade de vida em saúde também pode ser acessada através de questionários específicos, como o LDQOL (Liver Disease Quality of Life). Este é um instrumento voltado especificamente para sintomas relacionados às doenças hepáticas, desenvolvido nos Estados Unidos e recentemente traduzido para o Português e adaptado culturalmente para à população brasileira. Objetivo Aplicar este novo instrumento na população de pacientes em lista de espera de transplante de fígado e naqueles submetidos a transplante, reavaliando diferentes aspectos da qualidade de vida destes pacientes e avaliando o impacto da recidiva da doença de base após o transplante hepático. Método: Foram aplicados os questionários LDQOL e SF?36 a 126 pacientes em acompanhamento ambulatorial regular no Serviço de Transplante e Cirurgia do Fígado do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo...

Modelo de transplante hepático large-for-size em suínos: estudos bioquímicos, histológicos, moleculares e efeito do pré-condicionamento isquêmico; Model of large-for-size porcine liver transplantation: biochemical, histological and molecular studies, and evaluation of the effects of ischemic preconditioning

Leal, Antonio Jose Gonçalves e
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/07/2013 PT
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66.41%
INTRODUÇÃO: O transplante hepático se consolidou como terapêutica para crianças com doença hepática em estágio terminal. A principal indicação nessa faixa etária é a atresia das vias biliares, doença colestática que leva à cirrose hepática na maioria dos casos nos primeiros anos de vida mesmo nas crianças submetidas a portoenterostomia. Essas crianças evoluem entre outras complicações com desnutrição grave e necessitam do transplante precocemente. A relação ideal do peso do enxerto hepático e o peso do receptor varia de 1 a 3%. No entanto, quando o transplante é realizado em crianças em idade inferior a 2 anos, essa relação na maioria das vezes é maior do que 5%. Essa situação é conhecida como large-for-size, em que a perfusão sanguínea do enxerto pode ser insuficiente, o que leva a disfunção do órgão. Os mecanismos de lesão neste cenário ainda não estão bem esclarecidos. A lesão de isquemia-reperfusão (IR) é apontada como um dos fatores para o mal funcionamento do enxerto bem como de outras complicações. Nessa lesão estão envolvidos elementos da cascata inflamatória culminando em morte celular por apoptose bem como mecanismos de regeneração celular. Um fenômeno conhecido que atenua a lesão de IR é o pré-condicionamento isquêmico (PCI). Nenhum trabalho experimental foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar a lesão hepática na situação large-for-size e o efeito do PCI nessa situação. MÉTODOS: Para a padronização do modelo foram realizados 8 transplantes...

Elastografia hepática em pacientes com carcinoma hepatocelular em triagem para transplante de fígado; Liver elastography in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in screening for liver transplantation

Nacif, Lucas Souto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
INTRODUÇÃO: A cirrose é a oitava causa de mortalidade no mundo, e sua progressão e estadiamento são de extrema importância nos pacientes com doença terminal do fígado. A presença de cirrose é reconhecida como risco aumentado de carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) e o seu aparecimento está diretamente relacionado ao grau de fibrose do fígado. Na última década, notou-se o desenvolvimento e aperfeiçoamento dos métodos de predição do grau de fibrose e cirrose, através de métodos não-invasivos, com o objetivo de substituir a biópsia hepática. A população em lista de espera para transplante de fígado apresenta graus diferentes de fibrose hepática, que pode não estar diretamente relacionada ao MELD. Além disso, esses pacientes apresentam CHC no momento da triagem para transplante de fígado. Não existe avaliação desta população por elastografia. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os pacientes em triagem para transplante de fígado, com e sem carcinoma hepatocelular, pela elastografia hepática com Fibroscan® e ARFI. MÉTODO: Foram estudados 103 pacientes adultos do ambulatório de triagem da Disciplina de Transplante de Órgãos do Aparelho Digestivo HC/FMUSP, no período de outubro de 2012 à dezembro de 2013. A amostragem foi por conveniência e foram avaliados dados clínicos...

When Does Quality of Life Improve After Liver Transplantation? A Longitudinal Prospective Study

Telles-Correia, D; Barbosa, A; Mega, I; Mateus, E; Monteiro, E
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the improvement in quality of life (mental and physical components) at 1 and 6 months after liver transplantation. METHODS: A sample of liver transplant candidates (n = 60), comprising consecutive patients attending outpatient clinics of a liver transplantation central unit (25% of the patients had familial amyloid polyneuropathy [FAP] and the remaining patents had chronic liver diseases), was assessed by means of the Short Form (SF)-36, Portuguese-validated version, a self-rating questionnaire developed by the Medical Outcome Trust, to investigate certain primary aspects of quality of life, at 3 times: before, and at 1 and 6 months after transplantation. RESULTS: We observed a significant improvement in quality of life (both mental and physical components) by 1 month after transplantation. Between the first month and the sixth month after transplantation, there also was an improvement in the quality of life (both mental and physical components), although only the physical components of quality of life was significantly improved. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that quality of life improved early after liver transplantation (1 month). Between the first and the sixth months, there only was a significant improvement in the physical quality of life.

When Does Quality of Life Improve After Liver Transplantation? A Longitudinal Prospective Study

Telles-Correia, D; Barbosa, A; Mega, I; Mateus, E; Monteiro, E
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the improvement in quality of life (mental and physical components) at 1 and 6 months after liver transplantation. METHODS: A sample of liver transplant candidates (n = 60), comprising consecutive patients attending outpatient clinics of a liver transplantation central unit (25% of the patients had familial amyloid polyneuropathy [FAP] and the remaining patents had chronic liver diseases), was assessed by means of the Short Form (SF)-36, Portuguese-validated version, a self-rating questionnaire developed by the Medical Outcome Trust, to investigate certain primary aspects of quality of life, at 3 times: before, and at 1 and 6 months after transplantation. RESULTS: We observed a significant improvement in quality of life (both mental and physical components) by 1 month after transplantation. Between the first month and the sixth month after transplantation, there also was an improvement in the quality of life (both mental and physical components), although only the physical components of quality of life was significantly improved. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that quality of life improved early after liver transplantation (1 month). Between the first and the sixth months, there only was a significant improvement in the physical quality of life.

Liver transplantation in HIV-positive patients: the position of the Brazilian groups

Brandão,Ajacio Bandeira de Mello; Mariante-Neto,Guilherme
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
BACKGROUND: Patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have generally been excluded from consideration for liver transplantation. Recent advances in the management and prognosis of these patients suggest that this policy must be reevaluated. AIM: To identify the current position of Brazilian transplant centers concerning liver transplantation in asymptomatic HIV-infected patients with end-stage liver disease. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was submitted by e-mail to Brazilian groups who perform liver transplantation and were active in late 2003, according to the Brazilian Association of Organ Transplantation. RESULTS: Of the 53 active groups, 30 e-mail addresses have been found of professionals working in 41 of these groups. Twenty-one responses (70%) were obtained. Most of the professionals (62%) reported that they do not include HIV-infected patients in waiting lists for transplants, primarily on account of the limited world experience. They also reported, however, that this issue will soon be discussed by the group. Those who accept these patients usually follow the guidelines provided by the literature: patients must fulfill the same inclusion criteria as the other patients with end-stage liver diseases...

Liver transplantation for acute liver failure: a 5 years experience

Viana,Cyntia Ferreira Gomes; Rocha,Tarciso Daniel Santos; Cavalcante,Fernanda Paula; Valença Jr.,José Telmo; Coelho,Gustavo Rêgo; Garcia,Jose Huygens Parente
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.45%
BACKGROUND: Fulminant hepatic failure carries a high morbidity and mortality. Liver transplantation has markedly improved the prognosis of patients with fulminant hepatic failure. AIM: To evaluate the outcome of 20 patients with acute liver failure and indication for liver transplantation. METHODS: A retrospective review of 20 patients with acute liver failure and indication for liver transplantation was performed. Patients were divided into two groups: group A with 12 patients who underwent liver transplantation and group B with 8 patients who did not receive liver transplantation. Both groups were analyzed according to age, sex, ABO blood type, etiology of acute liver failure, time on list until transplantation or death, and survival rates. Group A patients were additionally analyzed according to preoperative INR, AST, and ALT peak values and MELD (Model for End-stage Liver Disease) scores; intraoperative red blood cells and plasma transfusion and cold ischemia time; postoperative lenght of intensive care unit and hospital stay, and needed for dialysis. RESULTS: Group A: there were four men and eight women with an average age of 24.6 years. The average liver waiting time period was 3.4 days and MELD score 36. Seven patients are alive with good hepatic function at a medium follow-up of 26.2 months. The actuarial survival rate was 65.2% at 1 year. Group B: There were two men and six women with an average age of 30.9 years. The mean waiting time on list until death was 7.4 days. All patients died while waiting for a liver donor. CONCLUSION: Despite the improvements in intensive care management...

The impact of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) on liver transplantation in one center in Brazil

Freitas,Alexandre Coutinho Teixeira de; Itikawa,William Massami; Kurogi,Adriana Sayuri; Stadnik,Lucinei G; Parolin,Mônica Beatriz; Coelho,Júlio Cezar Uili
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
CONTEXT: Presently the MELD score is used as the waiting list criterion for liver transplantation in Brazil. In this method more critical patients are considered priority to transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of liver transplantation when the chronologic waiting list was the criterion for organ allocation (pre-MELD era) with MELD score period (MELD era) in one liver transplantation unit in Brazil. METHODS: The charts of the patients subjected to liver transplantation at the Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil, were reviewed from January of 2001 to August of 2008. Patients were divided into two groups: pre-MELD era and MELD era. They were compared in relation to demographics of donors and receptors, etiology of cirrhosis, cold and warm ischemia time, presence of hepatocellular carcinoma, MELD score and Child-Pugh score and classification at the time of transplantation, units of red blood cells transfused during the transplantation, intensive care unit stay, total hospital stay and 3 month and 1 year survival. RESULTS: Initially, 205 liver transplantations were analyzed. Ninety four were excluded and 111 were included: 71 on the pre-MELD era and 40 on the MELD era. The two groups were comparable in relation to donors and receptors age and sex...

TESTOSTERONE CHANGES IN PATIENTS WITH LIVER CIRRHOSIS BEFORE AND AFTER ORTHOTOPIC LIVER TRANSPLANTATION AND ITS CORRELATION WITH MELD

NITSCHE,Rodrigo; COELHO,Júlio Cezar Uili; FREITAS,Alexandre Coutinho Teixeira de; ZENI NETO,Clementino; MARTINS,Eduardo
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Context Hypogonadism is a common clinical situation in male patients with liver cirrhosis. Objectives The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of orthotopic liver transplantation on testosterone, free testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin in male with advanced liver disease and also to determine the relationship of these changes with Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score. Methods In a prospective study, serum levels of testosterone, free testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin of 30 male adult patients with end-stage liver disease were measured 2 to 4 hours before and 6 months after orthotopic liver transplantation. Results Total testosterone levels increased after orthotopic liver transplantation and the number of patients with normal testosterone levels increased from 18 to 24. Free testosterone mean level in the pre-transplant group was 7.8 pg/mL and increased to 11.5 pg/mL (P = 0.10) and sex hormone-binding globulin level decreased after orthotopic liver transplantation returning to normal levels in MELD ≤18 - group (A) (P<0.05). Conclusions Serum level changes of testosterone, free testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin are more pronounced in cirrhotic males with MELD ≤18. Serum levels of testosterone and free testosterone increase and serum levels of sex hormone-binding globulin decrease after orthotopic liver transplantation.

Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal function in men with liver cirrhosis before and after liver transplantation

Zacharias,Bruno T.; Coelho,Julio C. U.; Parolin,Mônica B.; Matias,Jorge E. F.; Freitas,Alexandre C. T. de; Godoy,José Luiz de
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
Objective: To evaluate the influence of end-stage liver disease and orthotopic liver transplantation in the pituitary function and hormone metabolism before and after liver transplantation. Methods: In a prospective study, serum levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2) and prolactin (PRL) of 30 male patients with cirrhosis were determined two to four hours before and six months after liver transplantation. The results were compared according to the Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD). Results: male patients with liver cirrhosis have hypogonadism. FSH was normal, but inappropriately low due to androgen failure; E2 and PRL, on their turn, were high. After liver transplantation, FSH and LH levels increased (p < 0.05), whereas E2 and PRL normalized (p < 0.05). The MELD score did not influence changes in FSH, PRL and LH, however, the more severe the cirrhosis was, the more significant was the normalization of E2 (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Patients with cirrhosis and male hypogonadism have inappropriately normal levels of FSH and LH, associated with an increase in E2 and LRP. After liver transplantation, FSH and LH increased, while E2 and PRL returned to normal. Changes in E2 levels were most pronounced in patients with MELD > 18. The severity of cirrhosis had no influence on FSH...

Marginal grafts increase early mortality in liver transplantation

Bacchella,Telesforo; Galvão,Flávio Henrique Ferreira; Almeida,José Luiz Jesus de; Figueira,Estela Regina; Moraes,Andreza de; Machado,Marcel Cerqueira César
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Expanded donor criteria (marginal) grafts are an important solution for organ shortage. Nevertheless, they raise an ethical dilemma because they may increase the risk of transplant failure. This study compares the outcomes from marginal and non-marginal graft transplantation in 103 cases of liver transplantation due to chronic hepatic failure. DESIGN AND SETTING: One hundred and three consecutive liver transplantations to treat chronic liver disease performed in the Liver Transplantation Service of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo between January 2001 and March 2006 were retrospectively analyzed. METHODS: We estimated graft quality according to a validated scoring system. We assessed the pre-transplantation liver disease category using the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD), as low MELD (< 20) or high MELD (> 20). The parameters for marginal and non-marginal graft comparison were the one-week, one-month and one-year recipient survival rates, serum liver enzyme peak, post-transplantation hospital stay and incidence of surgical complications and retransplantation. The significance level was 0.05. RESULTS: There were no differences between the groups regarding post-transplantation hospital stay...

Liver transplantation: history, outcomes and perspectives

Meirelles Júnior,Roberto Ferreira; Salvalaggio,Paolo; Rezende,Marcelo Bruno de; Evangelista,Andréia Silva; Guardia,Bianca Della; Matielo,Celso Eduardo Lourenço; Neves,Douglas Bastos; Pandullo,Fernando Luis; Felga,Guilherme Eduardo Gonçalves; Alves,Jef
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
In 1958 Francis Moore described the orthotopic liver transplantation technique in dogs. In 1963, Starzl et al. performed the first liver transplantation. In the first five liver transplantations no patient survived more than 23 days. In 1967, stimulated by Calne who used antilymphocytic serum, Starzl began a successful series of liver transplantation. Until 1977, 200 liver transplantations were performed in the world. In that period, technical problems were overcome. Roy Calne, in 1979, used the first time cyclosporine in two patients who had undergone liver transplantation. In 1989, Starzl et al. reported a series of 1,179 consecutives patients who underwent liver transplantation and reported a survival rate between one and five years of 73% and 64%, respectively. Finally, in 1990, Starzl et al. reported successful use of tacrolimus in patents undergoing liver transplantation and who had rejection despite receiving conventional immunosuppressive treatment. Liver Transplantation Program was initiated at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in 1990 and so far over 1,400 transplants have been done. In 2013, 102 deceased donors liver transplantations were performed. The main indications for transplantation were hepatocellular carcinoma (38%)...

A simplified experimental model of large-for-size liver transplantation in pigs

Leal,Antonio Jose Goncalves; Tannuri,Ana Cristina Aoun; Belon,Alessandro Rodrigo; Guimaraes,Raimundo Renato Nunes; Coelho,Maria Cecilia Mendonca; de Oliveira Goncalves,Josiane; Sokol,Suellen Serafini; De Melo,Evandro Sobroza; Otoch,Jose Pinhata; Tannuri,U
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
OBJECTIVE: The ideal ratio between liver graft mass and recipient body weight for liver transplantation in small infants is unknown; however, if this ratio is over 4%, a condition called large-for-size may occur. Experimental models of large-for-size liver transplants have not been described in the literature. In addition, orthotopic liver transplantation is marked by high morbidity and mortality rates in animals due to the clamping of the venous splanchnic system. Therefore, the objective of this study was to create a porcine model of large-for-size liver transplantation with clamping of the supraceliac aorta during the anhepatic phase as an alternative to venovenous bypass. METHOD: Fourteen pigs underwent liver transplantation with whole-liver grafts without venovenous bypass and were divided into two experimental groups: the control group, in which the weights of the donors were similar to the weights of the recipients; and the large-for-size group, in which the weights of the donors were nearly 2 times the weights of the recipients. Hemodynamic data, the results of serum biochemical analyses and histological examination of the transplanted livers were collected. RESULTS: The mortality rate in both groups was 16.5% (1/7). The animals in the large-for-size group had increased serum levels of potassium...

Live Donor Partial Hepatectomy for Liver Transplantation: Is There a Learning Curve?

Saidi, R. F.; Elias, N.; Ko, D. S.; Kawai, T.; Markmann, J.; Feng, S.; Cosimi, A. B.; Hertl, M.
Fonte: Avicenna Organ Transplantation Institute Publicador: Avicenna Organ Transplantation Institute
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.22%
Background: Donor safety is the first priority in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Objective: To determine the characteristics and outcome of live liver donors who underwent donor hepatectomy from January, 1997 to May, 2007 at Massachusetts General Hospital. Methods: 30 patients underwent LDLT between January, 1997 and May, 2007 at our institution. Results: The type of graft was the right lobe (segments 5-8) in 14, left lobe (segments 2-4) in 4, and left lateral sector (segments 2 and 3) in 12 patients. The mean donor age was 36 (range: 26-57) years. The mean follow-up was 48 (range: 18-120) months. No deaths occurred. Overall, 8 (26.6%) patients experienced a total of 14 post-operative complications. Donor complications based on graft type were as follows: left lateral sector (16.7%), left lobe (25%), and right lobe (35.7%). The experience was divided into two periods 1997-2001 (n=15) and 2002-2007 (n=15). Overall complications during 2 periods were 40% and 13.3%, respectively (p<0.001). The incidence of grade III complication also significantly decreased; 66.7% vs 33.3% (p<0.01). Conclusion: Partial hepatectomy in living donors has a learning curve which appears to be approximately 15 cases. This learning curve is not restricted to the surgeons performing the procedure but involves all aspects of patient care.

Induction with Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin following Orthotopic Liver Transplantation for Hepatitis C

Saidi, R. F.; Hertl, M.; Chung, R. T.; Ko, D. S. C.; Kawai, T.; Markmann, J.; Bhan, A. K.; Cosimi, A. B.; Elias, N.
Fonte: Avicenna Organ Transplantation Institute Publicador: Avicenna Organ Transplantation Institute
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.3%
Background: Hepatitis C (HCV) is the most common indication for liver transplantation in the US. Objective: Since steroids are the major stimulus of viral replication, we postulated that steroid-free immunosuppression might be a safer approach. Methods: From January 1995 to October 2002, we used steroid plus calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) immunosuppression after liver transplantation for HCV (steroid group, n=81). From October 2002 to June 2007, rabbit antithymocyte globulin (RATG) induction, followed by CNI and azathioprine (RATG group, n=73) was utilized. Results: There were no differences in 1- and 3-year patient/allograft survival rates. The incidence of acute rejection rate (19% vs. 28%), of biopsy-proven HCV recurrence (70% vs. 75%), and chronic rejection (6% vs. 9%) were comparable. The mean time to develop recurrent HCV was significantly longer in the RATG group (16.2 vs. 9.2 months, p=0.008). The incidence of severe portal fibrosis appears to be lower in RATG group compared to the steroid group; 14% vs. 4% (p=0.07). Conclusions: RATG induction is safe and effective after liver transplantation for HCV, but has no impact on the incidence of HCV recurrence and patient/allograft survival. However, a significant delay in time to HCV recurrence and a trend toward less rejection and portal fibrosis was observed.

Change in platelet count in patients with hypersplenism subjected to liver transplantation

Coelho,Júlio Cezar Uili; Balbinot,Priscilla; Nitsche,Rodrigo; Pinto,Kátia Aparecida; Parolin,Mônica Beatriz; Ivantes,Cláudia Alexandra Pontes
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
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CONTEXT: Most patients subjected to liver transplantation presents hypersplenism, which is reversed after the operation. However, some patients remain with moderate to intense hypersplenism. OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of liver transplantation on platelet count in patients with hypersplenism. METHOD: Of a total of 233 patients who underwent liver transplantation, 162 were excluded from the present study because of occurrence of steroid-resistant rejection, absence of hypersplenism before the transplantation, absence of follow-up for at least 2 years or incomplete exams data. The electronic study protocols of the remaining 71 patients were reviewed to determine the demographics, etiology of cirrhosis, and results of pathologic examination of the explanted liver. Serial platelet count was obtained from the study protocol on the day before liver transplantation and 1, 2, 4, and 6 months and 1 year after liver transplantation. Statistical analysis was performed using the Student's t-test, chi-square test, and Spearman's correlation test. RESULTS: Posttransplant platelet count at all time intervals was significantly higher than the pretransplant value (P<0.001 for all time intervals). Thrombocytopenia was reversed (platelet count >100...

Estudo comparativo das complicações vasculares arteriais e biliares no transplante hepático pediátrico com doador vivo e cadavérico; Comparative study of arterial and biliary complications in pediatric liver transplantation with living and cadaveric donors

Achar, Bruna N.; Campos, Niklas S.; Achar, Renata N.; Achar, Eduardo; Ribeiro Junior, Marcelo Augusto F.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2011 POR
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66.41%
Introdução: O transplante de fígado melhorar significativamente a taxa de sobrevivência de crianças eadolescentes com doença hepática terminal.Os pacientes, uma vez que tinha um prognóstico fatal, hojepodem ser submetidos a transplante de fígado (TF), com taxas de sobrevida de aproximadamente 90%em um ano. A atresia biliar é a principal indicação para a população pediátrica e para aqueles sofreramuma portoenterostomia e não obtiveram bons resultados com a mesma, representando mais de 50%das crianças menores de 2 anos na Europa e nos EUA. O transplante representa a única opção restantede sobrevivência com um bom benefício terapêutico. Os avanços nos cuidados cirúrgicos e clínicos,levaram a melhoria das técnicas para aumentar a sobrevida dos pacientes submetidos a transplante defígado. Porém, a hemorragia e as complicações biliares representam o tendão de Aquiles do desenvolvimento deste processo.Além disso, a escassez de órgãos para a população pediátrica motiva o desenvolvimento de novas modalidades de enxertos de fígado, como a redução do enxerto de fígado, otransplante de fígado dividido, e mais recentemente o de doadores vivos. As complicações arteriais ebiliares continuam a ser uma importante causa de morbidade...

Impact of dietary intake and nutritional status on outcomes after liver transplantation

Luis,D. A. de; Izaola,O.; Velicia,M. C.; Sánchez Antolín,G.; García Pajares,F.; Terroba,M. C.; Cuéllar,L.
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2006 ENG
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66.45%
Objective: the aim of our study was to examine, in a prospective way, whether any nutritional parameter could predict outcomes after liver transplantation. Material and subjects: a nutritional assessment was performed in 31 consecutive patients six months prior to undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) at a single center (Hospital U. Río Hortega) and after six months of OLT (December 2002-June 2004). The nutritional evaluation included Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Mini Nutritional Assessment test (MNA), anthropometry, laboratory tests, and three-day diet diary completed. The body composition analysis was performed by tetrapolar body electrical bioimpedance and skin folds in a standard way. Results: our patients had an average age of 56.2 ± 8.11 years; weight was 72.9 ± 15.3 kg, and body mass index was 26.6 ± 4.1. The anthropometric evaluation showed the following data: tricipital skin fold 12.2 ± 6.1 mm, mid-arm circumference 24.5 ± 4.1 cm, fat-free mass 54.5 ± 10.9 kg, fat mass 18.4 ± 6.5 mm, and body water 41.4 ± 9.1 kg. After six months from liver transplantation, these parameters remained unchanged. Energy intake, as corrected by weight, was similar pre- and post-liver transplantation (28.1 ± 6 kcal/kg vs. 27.5 ± 5.8 kcal/kg: ns). Albumin...

Orthotopic liver transplantation in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy is associated with long-term progression of renal disease

Ferreira,Ana Carina; Nolasco,Fernando; Sampaio,Sandra; Baptista,Alexandre; Pessegueiro,Pedro; Monteiro,Estela; Barroso,Eduardo
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Nefrologia Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Nefrologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Orthotopic liver transplantation has become the treatment of choice for familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy. The aims of this study were to evaluate the renal complications post orthotopic liver transplantation in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy and their impact. We retrospectively studied 185 recipients who underwent 217 orthotopic liver transplants. Mean age 3 6.8±9.5 years, 59% males, 14.3% with renal dysfunction pre orthotopic liver transplantation. Mean follow-up 3.6±3.7 years. Thirty-two patients died. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed, and p<0.05 was considered significant. Acute kidney injury occurred in 57 patients and renal replacement therapy was needed in 16/57. In multivariate analysis, acute kidney injury was correlated with development of chronic kidney disease (p<0.001). Relating to development of chronic kidney disease, 23.5% had progress to stage 3, 6% to stage 4 and 5.1% to stage 5 d. According to Spearmen correlation, risk factors for chronic kidney disease development were age (p<0.001), renal dysfunction pre orthotopic liver transplantation (p<0.001) and acute kidney injury post orthotopic liver transplantation (p<0.001). Mortality was correlated with age (p<0.001), retransplantation need (p=0.004)...