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A Information Literacy e o Papel Educacional das Bibliotecas; Information Literacy and the libraries educational role.

Dudziak, Elisabeth Adriana
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/05/2001 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.02%
O trabalho apresenta uma abordagem teórico-documental de análise e discussão de práticas e conhecimentos acerca da Information Literacy, a fim de sistematizar a matéria, com ênfase no papel educacional das Bibliotecas e do bibliotecário. Examina-se a Information Literacy, enquanto processo de interiorização de conhecimentos, habilidades e valores ligados à informação e ao aprendizado, segundo um quadro referencial histórico-conceitual. Evidencia-se a necessidade de um novo paradigma educacional frente à sociedade atual e à explosão informacional. Analisa-se o papel da Instituição Biblioteca enquanto organização e espaço educacional e a necessidade de implementar mudanças que conduzam à Information Literacy. Discute-se o papel do profissional bibliotecário e sua inserção na comunidade educacional, examinando-o à luz de sua formação educacional e profissional. Apresenta-se ao final a sistematização do conhecimento a respeito de Information Literacy, definição, características, objetivos, identificando diferentes níveis, elencando pontos relevantes de atuação de Bibliotecas e bibliotecários na implementação de uma Educação voltada para a Information Literacy.; The work presents a documental-theoretical approach analysis and discussions on practices and knowledge on Information Literacy...

Developing an evidence-based practice healthcare lens for the SCONUL Seven Pillars of Information Literacy model

Dalton, Michelle
Fonte: CILIP Information Literacy Group Publicador: CILIP Information Literacy Group
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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peer-reviewed; The SCONUL Seven Pillars of Information Literacy model was revised in 2011 to reflect the interpretation of information literacy in today’s environment. Subsequently, a number of lenses have been developed to adapt the core model to different contexts and user groups. This study develops a lens that aims to reflect the unique information landscape and needs of evidence based practice (EBP) in healthcare. Healthcare professionals across medicine, nursing and allied health disciplines were interviewed to explore their understanding and awareness of the clinical information seeking process and behaviours. This information was then used to construct an EBP lens using familiar healthcare terminology and concepts. Health Science librarians can use this lens as a framework to inform the design and structure of information literacy programmes for clinical staff. Further insight may also be gained by measuring the impact and effectiveness of the lens on information literacy levels and practice at a local level.

An exploration of the digital competences of literacy tutors and their use of digital technologies in adult literacy teaching: a case study

Aherne, Deirdre Frances
Fonte: UNiversity of Limerick Publicador: UNiversity of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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non-peer-reviewed; The traditional definition of literacy was the ability to read and write, however, over time the meaning of literacy has evolved. It now includes being able to use everyday technologies to communicate and handle information, or “digital literacy”. In order to be able to support learners to become digitally literate, adult literacy tutors need to have digital skills themselves. This research examined the digital competences of literacy tutors, full time, part time staff and unpaid volunteers, and their use of digital technologies in their teaching, in one literacy service in the west of Ireland. The research used a case study methodology and gathered qualitative and quantitative data through a number of data collection methods including questionnaires, observations, interviews and document analysis. The study found almost unanimous agreement about the importance of being digitally competent. The respondents expressed higher confidence levels in their traditional ICT skills, email and basic Internet searches than in using newer technologies such as tablets, social media and other Web 2.0 tools. They also expressed their lack of skills in evaluating online information, privacy online and security and copyright matters. The use of digital technologies in teaching literacy was varied. Some tutors fully integrated the use of digital media and resources into the learning process...

Financial Literacy and the Financial Crisis

Klapper, Leora; Lusardi, Annamaria; Panos, Georgios A.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The ability of consumers to make informed financial decisions improves their chances of having sound personal finance. This paper uses a panel dataset from Russia, where consumer loans grew at an astounding rate -- from about US$10 billion in 2003 to over US$170 billion in 2008 -- to examine the importance of financial literacy and its relationship with behavior. The survey asked questions on financial literacy, consumer borrowing (formal and informal), and spending behavior. The paper studies the consequences of greater financial literacy on the use of financial products and financial planning. Even though consumer borrowing rose rapidly in Russia, only 41 percent of the survey respondents understood how interest compounding worked and only 46 percent could answer a simple question about inflation. Financial literacy is positively related to participation in financial markets and negatively related to the use of informal sources of borrowing. Individuals with higher rates of financial literacy are significantly more likely to report having more unspent income at the end of the month and higher spending capacity. The relationship between financial literacy and the availability of unspent income is more evident during the financial crisis...

Unpacking the Causal Chain of Financial Literacy

Carpena, Fenella; Cole, Shawn; Shapiro, Jeremy; Zia, Bilal
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A growing body of literature examines the causal impact of financial literacy on individual, household, and firm level outcomes. This paper unpacks the mechanism of impact by focusing on the first link in the causal chain. Specifically, it studies the experimental impact of financial literacy on three distinct dimensions of financial knowledge. The analysis finds that financial literacy does not immediately enable individuals to discern costs and rewards that require high numeracy skills, but it does significantly improve basic awareness of financial choices and attitudes toward financial decisions. Monetary incentives do not induce better performance, suggesting cognitive constraints rather than lack of attention are a key barrier to improving financial knowledge. These results illuminate the strengths and limitations of financial literacy training, which can inform the design and anticipated effects of such programs.

Financial Literacy around the World : An Overview of the Evidence with Practical Suggestions for the Way Forward

Xu, Lisa; Zia, Bilal
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Financial literacy programs are fast becoming a key ingredient in financial policy reform worldwide. Yet, what is financial literacy exactly and what do we know of its effectiveness? This paper collects insights from the literature thus far and summarizes global evidence on financial literacy, its correlates, and existing and upcoming causal investigations. The authors conclude with a synthesis of policy advice and practical suggestions for the way forward in this fast growing area of research.

Senegal - Education Pilot in Support of Female Literacy

Watkins, Sharon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC; World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC; World Bank, Washington, DC
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The aim of the Senegal Pilot Female Literacy Project was to raise the literacy rates of populations in Dakar and the more developed areas and, most importantly, to remote areas that cannot be reached via traditional mass literacy campaigns. The pilot, begun in 1995 and concluded in 2000, was designed to support the Senegalese government in strengthening efforts through partnership with other groups to raise national literacy rates, particularly for women, beyond the currently stagnant pre-pilot levels of approximately 40 percent. This was to offset the failure of traditional mass literacy campaigns instituted since the 1960s-programs which were only in the French language, not well-adapted to the local situation, and characterized by a lack of post-literacy reading materials. The broad development objectives of the pilot were to (a) improve education sector goals by providing literacy to both urban and rural populations, (b) raise literacy rates beyond current levels, especially for women, (c) to empower local women with the capacity to improve their standard of living through providing them with relevant skills through education and (d) strengthen the enabling environment for primary school education.

Improving Adult Literacy Outcomes : Lessons from Cognitive Research for Developing Countries

Abadzi, Helen
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Despite the existence of about one billion illiterates in the world, adult literacy programs make up 1-5 percent of government or donor budgets, and they remain severely underfunded in comparison to primary education. Though dropout and course completion rates improved in the 1990s, the outcomes of literacy instruction are still modest and may have improved little since the 1970s. The results may disappoint governments and donors who expect that once taught, people will have usable skills and remain literate. The modest results make it hard to increase coverage and to argue for increased expenditures for this sector. The results may be due to inefficient instruction but also to the structure of human memory, which has important implications for adult literacy acquisition. The need to learn the rapid recognition of complex patterns poses problems that are not apparent to people who became expert readers in their childhood.

Jamaica Consumer Protection and Financial Literacy

World Bank; International Monetary Fund
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
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This technical note is based on a mission conducted from April 24 to May 9, 2014 to Kingston and other parts of Jamaica. The mission also conducted a short mystery shopping exercise with the assistance of a representative from the national consumer’s league. Valuable comments on the draft note were provided by the Bank of Jamaica and the Financial Services Commission. The technical note consists of findings, issues and recommendations, and four annexes: annex one, existing structure for prudential and consumer protection supervision; annex two, current and revised legislation affecting financial consumer protection; annex three, comparison to world bank good practices on financial consumer protection; and annex four, national program of consumer protection and financial literacy, implementation plan components. The key recommendations present targeted measures that can be immediately implemented and will have a positive (and measurable) impact on public confidence in formal financial institutions. The focus of the technical note is on deposit-taking institutions although some aspects of others parts of the financial sector have been included.

Evaluating health literacy in people with mental illness using the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults

Galletly, C.; Neaves, A.; Burton, C.; Liu, D.; Denson, L.
Fonte: Mosby Inc Publicador: Mosby Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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BACKGROUND: Health literacy is understudied in the mentally ill population, yet it is clear that a high level of health literacy is essential for successful management of illnesses such as schizophrenia and depression. To investigate health literacy in people with mental illness living in urban Australia, and to evaluate the relationships between medication adherence and health literacy. METHOD: Thirty people with schizophrenia and 30 with major depression were assessed with Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA). DISCUSSION: The level of health literacy in our mentally ill participants was comparable with that of the general Australian public, and considerably higher than the rates of health literacy reported in US studies. There appear to be national differences in health literacy, which limit comparison between studies undertaken in different countries. There was no association between health literacy and medication compliance. Our results suggest that poor health literacy does not explain medication nonadherence in people with schizophrenia or depression living in Australia.; Cherrie Galletly, Aaron Neaves, Cassandra Burton, Dennis Liu and Linley A. Denson

The Quantitative Literacy Connection: Is Literacy Instruction the Key to Teaching Mathematical Habits of the Mind?

Smith Davis, Hope; Brown, Anne E.
Fonte: Literacy Research Association Publicador: Literacy Research Association
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.97%
This exploratory study was designed to establish a foundation for future research about the disciplinary literacy practices in the field of mathematics. The purpose was to examine the instructional practices already in place in an undergraduate mathematics course designed to increase quantitative literacy for non-math majors. Using a disciplinary-literacy lens, our goal was to discover: (1) what types of instructional practices related to literacy were present, and (2) if present, could the literacy practices used be linked to students' increased quantitative literacy?

What is literacy? Thirty years of Australian literacy debates (1975-2005)

Edwards, D.; Potts, A.
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
Australia is a federation of six states and two territories. Each state and territory has its own legislature, which may not be of the same political persuasion as the Commonwealth (Federal) Government. Under the Australian Constitution primary control of school education is with the State and Territory Governments, with the Australian Commonwealth Government having no specific constitutional responsibility for school education. However, this is complicated by a dual‐tiered funding system, whereby the Australian Commonwealth Government has responsibility for some funding of government schools and majority funding for non‐government schools. Since 1975 there have been moves by the Commonwealth Ministers for Education to acquire a significant role in identifying national priorities for education and constructing policies and assessment tools to achieve such goals. Financial provision and national policy formation have increasingly become the means by which Australian Commonwealth Ministers for Education have “shaped” educational debates and policies. In November 2004 the then Australian Commonwealth Minister for Education, Science and Training announced the details of the Australian Government National Inquiry into the Teaching of Literacy. The focus of the Inquiry was examination of research into reading...

When Governments Get Creative : Adult Literacy in Senegal

Nordtveit, Bjorn Harald
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.03%
This report summarizes lessons learned and key policy findings on the World Bank's work in education in Senegal. In 1993, Senegal established a new policy for literacy programs based on partnership between civil society and the state: the state ensures policy leadership, overall coordination, monitoring and evaluation; the providers (civil society organizations, such as non-profits, village associations, and language associations) implement local literacy activities; an independent contract-managing agency handles contracts and rapid transfer of funds to providers. The World Bank financed project achieved the following results, which were similar to those achieved by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA): about 190,000 participants, of which 87 percent were women, enrolled in literacy classes over a five-year period; capacity in government and civil society organizations improved consistently; the dropout rate averaged 15 percent (much lower than for most adult literacy programs); most participants achieved learning mastery levels for reading (although not for math). The results of the literacy training exceeded target levels. Learning outcomes systematically improved as a result of two factors: providers became more experienced; and research led to improved procedures. The report notes that weak monitoring and evaluation contributed to the following shortcomings: re-financing of low-quality providers; lack of information about impact. As a result of these problems...

Is Functional Literacy a Prerequisite for Entering the Labor Market? An Analysis of Determinants of Adults Literacy and Earnings in Ghana

Blunch, Niels-Hugo; Verner, Dorte
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
The authors analyze the determinants of literacy and earnings in Ghana. They link literacy and earnings with various other factors, including age, gender, family educational background, distance to school, and income. Literacy and age are negatively correlated, suggesting that efforts to strengthen the supply and quality of basic education programs in recent years have succeeded in raising literacy rates. Parents' education is positively associated with literacy. Distance to the nearest primary school, residence in a rural area, and poverty are negatively associated with literacy. Functional literacy appears to be a prerequisite for entering the labor market, which may partly explain the lack of returns to education other than middle school and technical and professional training. The policy implications of this study: Basic education and literacy programs should target girls and poorer households, especially in rural areas.

Learning to be literate : parental empowerment in early literacy interventions

Busser, Dianne.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.03%
Considerable research has focused on the success of early intervention programs for children. However, minimal research has focused on the effect these programs have on the parents of targeted children. Many current early intervention programs champion family-focused and inclusive programming, but few have evaluated parent participation in early interventions and fewer still have evaluated the impact of these programs on beliefs and attitudes and parenting practices. Since parents will continue to play a key role in their child's developmental course long after early intervention programs end, it is vital to examine whether these programs empower parents to take action to make changes in the lives of their children. The goal of this study was to understand parental influences on the early development of literacy, and in particular how parental attitudes, beliefs and self efficacy impact parent and child engagement in early literacy intervention activities. A mixed method procedure using quantitative and qualitative strategies was employed. A quasi-experimental research design was used. The research sample, sixty parents who were part of naturally occurring community interventions in at- risk neighbourhoods in a south-western Ontario city participated in the quantitative phase. Largely individuals whose home language was other than English...

Exploring the Connections between Information Literacy and Writing for International Students

Bordonaro, Karen
Fonte: Journal of Information Literacy Publicador: Journal of Information Literacy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.69%
a mixed-method investigation of undergraduate and graduate international students' proficiencies in both information literacy and academic writing to see if a relationship exists between them

Clarity and Cacophony in Canadian Literacy Discourse: New Directions for a National Literacy Policy

Di Gangi, Carissa
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.05%
This thesis explores the varied and often conflicting ways in which literacy is addressed in Canadian discourse in order to propose a progressive way forward for Canadian literacy policy. The historically conventional meaning of literacy, that of the ability to read and write, is increasingly falling out of favour among theorists, educators and policymakers alike. It remains, however, a dominant influence in how literacy is written about today, and more progressive theories, such as notions of critical literacy, multiliteracies, and literacy as communication across difference, rest in the peripheries. This thesis examines the ways in which current organizations in Canada are negotiating between literacy’s conventional meaning and the myriad of progressive literacy theories that have been developed in academia. The conceptual framework that informs the research is influenced by cultural theorists Stuart Hall, Paulo Freire, Henry A. Giroux, Edward Said and Michel Foucault, and work that they have done relating to communication, education, difference and power. This thesis gathers data from the websites of three national literacy organizations, Frontier College, World Literacy Canada, and ABC Life Literacy, as well as from Bill C-401...

A construção dos sentidos do processo de letramento: pluralidade vivenciada no ensino fundamental público; The construction of the senses of the literacy process: plurality experienced in the public elementary school

Rosa, Mery Helen
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Educação (RC); Regional de Catalão (RC) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Educação (RC); Regional de Catalão (RC)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.04%
The current social context, surrounded by the plurality of literacies that crosses graphocentric society, makes them to be need different domains of writing by people in multiple instances of social Thus, language skills, understandings, interpretations, dialogicities, interactions in communicative events and discursive practices make up the daily life of specific social spaces and private in the light of events and literacy practices that differ from place to place, from situation to situation. Of this reality comes the tuning of the literacy process with the search of meaning, considering that in Brazilian society is still present very schooled school practices, resulting in difficulties in the development of literacy practices that cover the construction of meaning by students . Thus, this study has sought to understand how students in the fourth grade of elementary school of a public school, located on the outskirts of Ipameri, state of Goiás, construct meaning to events and literacy practices of which participate in the universe of school. The research backed up on a qualitative approach, of ethnographic tipe, as there was an insert in the real conditions experienced by the students. The techniques of collection of information raised by research consisted of systematic observation of a series of literacy events in the classroom and in the colorful room...

Convergência e divergência na conexão entre gênero e letramento: novos avanços; Convergence and divergence in the gender and literacy connection: recent developments

Stromquist, Nelly P.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/2001 POR
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37.07%
Este artigo examina as hipóteses teóricas e os resultados empíricos de três perspectivas distintas que orientam a pesquisa em alfabetização de adultos. É baseado em uma revisão da literatura recente sobre o tema, cuja maior parte apareceu em livros e periódicos em língua inglesa. As perspectivas são: alfabetização como uma habilidade básica descontextualizada; alfabetização como prática social imersa em condições locais (letramento); e alfabetização (letramento) como ferramenta para o empowerment individual e coletivo, especialmente de mulheres. As divergências encontradas referem-se: ao conceito de alfabetização/letramento, ao potencial atribuído à alfabetização para o desenvolvimento nacional e melhoria das condições sociais, à possibilidade de uma medida padronizada válida das habilidades de alfabetização, ao papel dos mediadores no processo de alfabetização e ao poder do contexto na determinação do letramento como uma prática estável. As convergências existem ao se considerar os programas de alfabetização como de difícil implementação e carentes de comprometimento político a longo prazo, de capacitação adequada de professores e de recursos financeiros apropriados aos objetivos declarados de alfabetização. Da perspectiva do empowerment de mulheres...

Information literacy at Cecil College: establishing the context

Gutierrez, Michael A.
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.05%
Hofstetter, Fred T.; Information literacy is an essential skill set individuals need to locate, retrieve, evaluate, and effectively use information in an effort to assemble and create new knowledge. Information literacy is recognized by accreditation agencies, professional organizations, and academic institutions as vital to higher education. Information literacy programs, led primarily by librarians, have developed at institutes of higher education to instruct students on becoming information literate. Community colleges have increased their efforts to enhance information literacy instruction for students with the goal of creating lifelong learners who will use their skills to solve problems and make informed decisions. In the end, information literacy is about developing and producing critically thinking individuals. Unlike similar community colleges in surrounding counties and states, Cecil College continues to lack an information literacy program to instruct its rapidly growing student population in the knowledge and skills needed to become information literate. This Executive Position Paper investigates the perceptions teaching faculty have regarding information literacy, as well as which skills are being taught in the classroom by teaching faculty and which are being taught by librarians. A review of scholarly literature examines the information-seeking behavior of college students at community colleges and the collaborative efforts between teaching faculty and librarians...