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Processamento auditivo : avaliação comportamental e eletrofisiológica de crianças e adolescentes com TDAH pré e pós treinamento auditivo; Auditory processing : behavioral and electrophysiological assessment in children with ADHD pre and post auditory training

Camila Colussi Madruga
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/01/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.02%
A audição é fundamental na aquisição e desenvolvimento da linguagem. Com isso, a integridade auditiva é fundamental no sistema sensorial humano, contribuindo efetivamente para o processo ensino-aprendizagem. O déficit de processamento auditivo é um distúrbio que pode coexistir com outras doenças como o Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade (TDAH). A avaliação do Processamento Auditivo (PA) pode ser realizada por meio de testes comportamentais e eletrofisiológicos, sendo que o P300 pode ser uma ferramenta útil no monitoramento das mudanças ocorridas no sistema nervoso auditivo central após o treinamento auditivo. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os resultados dos testes dicótico não-verbal (TDNV), teste dicótico de dígitos (TDD), SSI em português, teste padrão de duração (TPD) e GIN, além dos testes eletrofisiológicos (PEATE e P300) de crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico de TDAH pré e pós-treinamento auditivo. O grupo de estudo foi composto por 14 sujeitos com diagnóstico de TDAH realizado pelo DISAPRE/HC/UNICAMP, na faixa etária de oito a 14 anos. Desses, apenas seis realizaram treinamento auditivo e foram reavaliados em seguida. Os dados do grupo de estudo foram comparados com o grupo controle. Os resultados mostraram que as crianças e adolescentes com TDAH apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significantes nos testes de processamento auditivo e no P300...

Dichotic listening and manual performance in relation to magnetic resonance imaging after closed head injury.

Levin, H S; High, W M; Williams, D H; Eisenberg, H M; Amparo, E G; Guinto, F C; Ewert, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1989 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.24%
In order to investigate post-traumatic hemispheric disconnection effects, dichotic listening and intermanual tasks were administered to 69 patients who had sustained a closed head injury of varying severity. The manual tasks consisted of naming objects palpated in either hand, transfer of postures from one hand to the other and writing. Consistent with predictions, the degree of ear asymmetry in dichotic listening performance was directly related to the severity of the head injury as reflected by the degree of impaired consciousness. Depth and localisation of parenchymal lesion characterised by magnetic resonance imaging were also related to the degree of ear asymmetry. Parenchymal lesions situated in sites which could potentially interfere with callosal auditory or geniculocortical pathways produced a greater disparity in response to left versus right ear inputs as compared with parenchymal lesions in areas such as the frontal lobes which are purportedly unrelated to asymmetries in dichotic listening performance. The results provide further evidence for the effects of multifocal brain lesions involving the white matter on tasks which require intra and/or interhemispheric integration.

Functional Anatomy of Listening and Reading Comprehension during Development

Berl, Madison M.; Duke, Elizabeth S.; Mayo, Jessica; Rosenberger, Lisa R.; Moore, Erin N.; VanMeter, John; Ratner, Nan Bernstein; Vaidya, Chandan J.; Gaillard, William Davis
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.43%
Listening and reading comprehension of paragraph-length material are considered higher-order language skills fundamental to social and academic functioning. Using ecologically relevant language stimuli that were matched for difficulty according to developmental level, we analyze the effects of task, age, neuropsychological skills, and post-task performance on fMRI activation and hemispheric laterality. Areas of supramodal language processing are identified, with the most robust region being left-lateralized activation along the superior temporal sulcus. Functionally, this conjunction has a role in semantic and syntactic processing, leading us to refer to this conjunction as “comprehension cortex.” Different from adults, supramodal areas for children include less extensive inferior frontal gyrus but more extensive right cerebellum and right temporal pole. Broader neuroanatomical pathways are recruited for reading, reflecting the more active processing and larger set of cognitive demands needed for reading compared to listening to stories. ROI analyses reveal that reading is a less lateralized language task than listening in inferior frontal and superior temporal areas, which likely reflects the difficulty of the task as children in this study are still developing their reading skills. For listening to stories...

Chinese Medicine Patterns in Patients with Post-Stroke Dementia

Tang, Nou-Ying; Liu, Chung-Hsiang; Liu, Hsu-Jan; Li, Tsai-Chung; Liu, Jui-Chen; Chen, Ping-Kun; Hsieh, Ching-Liang
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.08%
A stroke often results in post-stroke dementia, a rapid decline in memory and intelligence causing dysfunctions in daily life. The Chinese medicine doctor uses 4 examinations of inspection, listening, smelling, and feeling to determine the Chinese medicine pattern (CMP). Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the CMP in patients with post-stroke dementia. A total of 101 stroke patients were examined, consistent with the DSM IV diagnostic criteria of the American Psychiatric Association, as well as the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Association International pour Ia Recherche et I’Enseignement en Neurosciences vascular dementia diagnostic criteria of post-stroke dementia. Results: 100 patients (99.0%) were KEDP (kidney essence deficiency pattern, shèn jīng kuī xū zhèng, 腎精虧虛證), 83 patients were AHLYP (ascendant hyperactivity of liver yang pattern, gān yáng shàng kàng zhèng, 肝陽上亢證), 83 patients were QBDP (qi-blood deficiency pattern, qì xuè kuī xū zhèng, 氣血虧虛證), 81 patients were SBOCP (static blood obstructing the collaterals pattern, yū xuè zǔ luò zhèng, 瘀血阻絡證), 72 patients were BSTRP (bowels stagnation turbidity retention pattern...

Structural Changes Induced by Daily Music Listening in the Recovering Brain after Middle Cerebral Artery Stroke: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study

Särkämö, Teppo; Ripollés, Pablo; Vepsäläinen, Henna; Autti, Taina; Silvennoinen, Heli M.; Salli, Eero; Laitinen, Sari; Forsblom, Anita; Soinila, Seppo; Rodríguez-Fornells, Antoni
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.24%
Music is a highly complex and versatile stimulus for the brain that engages many temporal, frontal, parietal, cerebellar, and subcortical areas involved in auditory, cognitive, emotional, and motor processing. Regular musical activities have been shown to effectively enhance the structure and function of many brain areas, making music a potential tool also in neurological rehabilitation. In our previous randomized controlled study, we found that listening to music on a daily basis can improve cognitive recovery and improve mood after an acute middle cerebral artery stroke. Extending this study, a voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis utilizing cost function masking was performed on the acute and 6-month post-stroke stage structural magnetic resonance imaging data of the patients (n = 49) who either listened to their favorite music [music group (MG), n = 16] or verbal material [audio book group (ABG), n = 18] or did not receive any listening material [control group (CG), n = 15] during the 6-month recovery period. Although all groups showed significant gray matter volume (GMV) increases from the acute to the 6-month stage, there was a specific network of frontal areas [left and right superior frontal gyrus (SFG), right medial SFG] and limbic areas [left ventral/subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (SACC) and right ventral striatum (VS)] in patients with left hemisphere damage in which the GMV increases were larger in the MG than in the ABG and in the CG. Moreover...

Auditory driving of the autonomic nervous system: Listening to theta-frequency binaural beats post-exercise increases parasympathetic activation and sympathetic withdrawal

McConnell, Patrick A.; Froeliger, Brett; Garland, Eric L.; Ives, Jeffrey C.; Sforzo, Gary A.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/11/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.23%
Binaural beats are an auditory illusion perceived when two or more pure tones of similar frequencies are presented dichotically through stereo headphones. Although this phenomenon is thought to facilitate state changes (e.g., relaxation), few empirical studies have reported on whether binaural beats produce changes in autonomic arousal. Therefore, the present study investigated the effects of binaural beating on autonomic dynamics [heart rate variability (HRV)] during post-exercise relaxation. Subjects (n = 21; 18–29 years old) participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study during which binaural beats and placebo were administered over two randomized and counterbalanced sessions (within-subjects repeated-measures design). At the onset of each visit, subjects exercised for 20-min; post-exercise, subjects listened to either binaural beats (‘wide-band’ theta-frequency binaural beats) or placebo (carrier tones) for 20-min while relaxing alone in a quiet, low-light environment. Dependent variables consisted of high-frequency (HF, reflecting parasympathetic activity), low-frequency (LF, reflecting sympathetic and parasympathetic activity), and LF/HF normalized powers, as well as self-reported relaxation. As compared to the placebo visit...

Deep listening: towards an imaginative reframing of health and well-being practices in international development

Pavlicevic, Mercédès; Impey, Angela
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.24%
This paper challenges the “intervention-as-solution” approach to health and well-being as commonly practised in the international development sector, and draws on the disciplinary intersections between Community Music Therapy and ethnomusicology in seeking a more negotiated and situationally apposite framework for health engagement. Drawing inspiration from music-based health applications in conflict or post-conflict environments in particular, and focusing on case studies from Lebanon and South Sudan respectively, the paper argues for a re-imagined international development health and well-being framework based on the concept of deep listening. Defined by composer Pauline Oliveros as listening which “digs below the surface of what is heard … unlocking layer after layer of imagination, meaning, and memory down to the cellular level of human experience” (Oliveros, 2005), the paper explores the methodological applications of such a dialogic, discursive approach with reference to a range of related listening stances – cultural, social and therapeutic. In so doing, it explores opportunities for multi-levelled and culturally inclusive health and well-being practices relevant to different localities in the world and aimed at the re-integration of self...

O papel da fonologia frasal na compreensão oral no ensino da língua inglesa em abordagem lexical.; The role of phrasal phonology in listening comprehension for English language teaching supported by the Lexical Approach.

Tibana, Adriana Lopes Lisboa
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Linguística; Literatura Brasileira; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras e Linguística; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Linguística; Literatura Brasileira; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras e Linguística; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
Assuming that post-lexical processes significantly affect the English spoken language when in connected speech, and that this is one of the main reasons why students of English as a foreign language find listening comprehension so difficult to cope with, this study aims to find out the main processes concerning phrasal phonology that render spoken language so different from the written one. Drawing on these findings, it investigates the connection between listening comprehension and the teaching of pronunciation using a top-down approach, that is to say, starting from the whole picture, and based on the organization of the language in chunks in the fluidity of speech. This is an action-research, conducted with two groups of upper-intermediate students during one semester. It is based on the assumption that by raising students‟ awareness of post-lexical processes, with the support of the Lexical Approach which encourages teaching language in chunks, teachers can enable students to be better listeners. One of the groups did pronunciation awareness raising exercises whereas the other one only followed the coursebook. Students‟ listening abilities were tested using the Cambridge FCE Listening test, at the beginning and at the end of the experiment. At the end of the semester...

O corpo psicanalítico no hospital; The psychoanalytical body in the hospital

Gomes, Daniela Rodrigues Goulart
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.06%
Considerando que o processo de hospitalização implica uma desestruturação emocional do sujeito doente por fazê-lo deparar-se com sua vulnerabilidade e desamparo diante da morte e do adoecer, o objetivo deste trabalho é ver-fazer emergir o corpo psicanalítico na instituição hospitalar pela análise do sujeito psíquico. Realizamos uma leitura do sujeito-doente na atualidade, refletindo sobre os saberes contemporâneos e as posturas institucionais que se entrecruzam para a construção e a representação sócio-cultural do corpo adoecido e hospitalizado, partindo da premissa de que a necessidade de se controlar o corpo é reafirmada tanto pela cultura, quanto pelas instituições de cuidados com o corpo e assentida pelo homem pós-moderno, na busca de uma condição de perfeição que mortifica, que impõe um molde, que atrofia o sentimento de dúvida, de hesitação, de sofrimento e que, embora constatemos que essa tentativa de resistir ao encontro com a dúvida por meio de paralisação dos processos de subjetivação, o próprio corpo, como enunciação, procura retomar, procura relembrar a existência do corpo de pulsões, denunciando-lhe sua insaciabilidade fundante e revelando o sofrimento que é peculiar ao homem, para então nascer o “ser em condição de análise”...

Mobile situational awareness tool: unattended ground sensor-based remote surveillance system

Palm, Bradley C.; Richter, Ryan P.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.27%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The listening post/observation post is a method employed by infantry units in combat to increase battlefield situational awareness and prevent surprise by the enemy. This technique is costly to the employing unit in terms of manpower requirements and increased risk to friendly personnel. To reduce these costs, we created a prototype, the Mobile Situational Awareness Tool, that combined commercial off-the-shelf components with wireless unattended ground sensors for the purpose of automating the listening post/observation post for the tactical infantry unit. The prototype system incorporated wireless sensor node prototypes created by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, originally intended for the creation of a smart minefield. A web application was created using a custom Node.js server that enabled cross-platform monitoring of the system by warfighters in the field with mobile smart-devices to include smart-phones and tablets. Field-testing of the prototype showed the system capable of detecting and classifying intruders in the sensor field but revealed that more robust threat classification algorithms utilizing multiple sensor modalities would yield a greater degree of automation and autonomy.

Simplifying the text or simplifying the task: how to improve listening comprehension

Latifi, Mehdi; Youhanaee, Manizhe; Mohammadi, Elham
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
The present study was conducted to investigate the differences between using authentic and pedagogical materials. To run the study two groups were formed: one authentic (AMG) and one pedagogical (PMG). Using an IELTS listening section, 48 intermediate learners were chosen and divided into two groups. AMG participants were taught by three feature films and PMG learners were taught by pedagogical movies. Learners??? performance on the post-test revealed a significant gain for AMG. The results supported the use of authentic material provided that the task demand is reduced. Besides, AMG students demonstrated a great self-confidence in dealing with authentic situations.; El presente estudio se realiz?? para investigar las diferencias entre el uso de materiales aut??nticos y pedag??gicos. Para llevar a cabo el estudio el estudio se formaron dos grupos: uno aut??ntico (AMG) y pedag??gico (PMG). Se us?? una secci??n del IELTS, que se utiliz?? con una selecci??n de 48 estudiantes de nivel intermedio divididos en dos grupos. Los participantes AMG se les pas?? tres largometrajes y los alumnos PMG se les ense??aron pel??culas pedag??gicas. La respuesta de los estudiantes en el test final revel?? un aumento significativo de los AMG. Los resultados apoyan el uso de material aut??ntico siempre que la demanda de la tarea se reduzca. Adem??s...

The effect of music listening maps on second grade music students' preference for and understanding of orchestral music

Beam-Barber, Michelle
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.46%
This study investigated the use of music listening maps to help learning and the preferences of second graders for orchestral music. Subjects were a population of four 2nd grade classes, and were randomly divided into two groups. The investigation was a counterbalanced, post-test only design, lasting for three consecutive classes. Two treatments/lessons were presented and a third lesson was a review. In Treatment 1 Group I used listening maps first, while Group II received instruction without listening maps. In Treatment 2, the order was reversed. Two post-tests and a comprehensive test were administered. An affective survey was administered after the treatments, measuring student preference and attitude. When listening maps were presented, scores were significantly higher. It did not matter whether the listening maps were presented first or not. Results of the survey show student preference will increase with music listening maps.

Laus Perennis : the emergence of a theology of music with reference to Post-Vatican II Irish Catholicism

Phelan, Helen Frances
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: Doctoral thesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.96%
peer-reviewed; This work proposes the sourcing of a theology of music with particular reference to liturgical music developments in the Irish Catholic church since the Second Vatican Council. In doing so, it is confronted by two primary challenges: the complex relationship between music and liturgy and the equally complex historical relationship of Catholicism with Ireland. In order to address these challenges, the thesis adopts an interdisciplinary stance drawing on the disciplines of liturgical theology, philosophy and musicology, as well as more recent developments in anthropology, ethnomusicology, ritual studies, gender studies, performance studies and cultural studies. Chapter One postulates a theoretical and methodological framework built through the layering of four perspectives. The foundational layer is formed with reference to hermeneutic philosophy and key hermeneutic concepts such as 'rehabilitation of prejudice', 'fusion of horizons' and 'in front of the text' frame the structure of the thesis. The second layer draws on interpretive anthropology and theories of culture, symbol, ritual and performance. The third examines the developing discipline of ritual studies and its contribution to the cross-cultural study of ritual. Finally...

Listening to academic lectures

Viganó, Célia Regina
Fonte: Florianópolis, SC Publicador: Florianópolis, SC
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: xii,| grafs., tabs.
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.34%
Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras/Inglês e Literatura Correspondente; This study aims at investigating the effects of an EAP approach on L2 learners' performance of academic listening tasks. The study was carried out with 10 learners of two English language schools, situated in Pato Branco, southwest of Paraná (PR). The participants were divided into two groups, named Group 1 and Group 2, and were exposed to two approaches. Group 1 received extensive general textbook listening tasks, while Group 2 received extensive British Broadcast Corporation (BBC) lecture listening with pre-, while- and post-listening tasks. The learners of the two groups were also required to perform a common academic listening task in order to verify the effects of the two different approaches on their listening performance. Data were analyzed in terms of number of words recalled from extracts of the authentic material in gap-filling tasks. The results obtained showed that Group 2 had a slightly better performance in word recall than Group 1. O objetivo deste estudo é investigar os efeitos da abordagem do ensino de Inglês com objetivos Acadêmicos no desenvolvimento de atividades de audição para alunos de língua estrangeira. O estudo foi realizado com 10 alunos não graduados...

Effects of smart goal setting on learners’ self-efficacy in listening

Tutistar Jojoa, Nuvia Silvana; Ballesteros M., Liliana; Rubin, Joan dir.
Fonte: Universidade La Sabana Publicador: Universidade La Sabana
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.06%
Este artículo expone un estudio que explora la relación entre el diseño de metas (especificas, medibles, alcanzables, relevantes, con límite de tiempo: SMART goals) y las creencias de autoeficacia en comprensión oral de estudiantes de inglés como lengua extranjera en Colombia. Los participantes fueron estudiantes de grado séptimo y noveno de dos colegios públicos en Bogotá. Tuvo una duración de cerca de un semestre. Para identificar las creencias de autoeficacia de los estudiantes, dos pre-tests y dos post-tests de diseño de metas y autoeficacia fueron administrados antes y después de la intervención, la cual consistió de 11 sesiones. Los resultados obtenidos revelaron que la autoeficacia está altamente relacionada con el diseño de metas, ya que los estudiantes fueron capaces de establecer metas (SMART) para mejorar su EFFECTS OF SMART GOAL SETTING ON LEARNERS’ SELF-EFFICACY IN LISTENING 4 comprensión auditiva, a su vez los estudiantes reportaron una mejora en sus creencias de autoeficacia al realizar actividades de escucha relacionadas con canciones y se sintieron también más motivados. En resumen los estudiantes se beneficiaron de todo este proceso. Además este estudio demuestra que la instrucción sobre diseño de metas pude ser incorporado exitosamente en clases de Inglés como lengua extranjera en Colombia. Nota: Para consultar la carta de autorización de publicación de este documento por favor copie y pegue el siguiente enlace en su navegador de internet: http://hdl.handle.net/10818/12246

Effects of Conditioning Voices as Reinforcers for Listener Responses on Rate of Learning, Awareness, and Preferences for Listening to Stories in Preschoolers With Autism

Greer, R. Douglas; Pistoljevic, Nirvana; Cahill, Claire; Du, Lin
Fonte: The Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Inc Publicador: The Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.24%
We used a delayed non-concurrent pre- and post-intervention probe design to test the effects of a voice conditioning protocol (VCP) with 3 preschoolers with autism on (a) rate of acquisition of listener curricular objectives, (b) observing voices and the presence of adults across 3 settings, (c) selecting to listen to adults tell stories in free play setting, and (d) the occurrence of stereotypy in the story setting. The VCP conditioned voices as reinforcers for listening to recordings of voices via stimulus-stimulus pairing, which resulted in the children listening to audio recordings of voices in 90% of intervals in 5-min concurrent-operant preference tests. After voices became conditioned reinforcers, all 3 children's learning accelerated; 2 children's observing responses increased in the 3 settings; and 2 children selected to listen to stories and also showed decreased stereotypy in the story setting. The data suggest that conditioned reinforcement for observing responses may be a verbal behavior developmental cusp that acts to accelerate learning that involves listening, and that the cusp may be induced using the VCP.

Listening at the Edges: Aural Experience and Affect in a New York Jazz Scene

Somoroff, Matthew
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%

In jazz circles, someone with "big ears" is an expert listener, one who hears the complexity and nuance of jazz music. Listening, then, figures prominently in the imaginations of jazz musicians and aficionados. While jazz scholarship has acknowledged the discourse on listening within various jazz cultures, to date the actual listening practices of jazz musicians and listeners remain under-theorized. This dissertation investigates listening and aural experience in a New York City community devoted to avant-garde jazz. I situate this community within the local history of Manhattan's Lower East Side, discuss the effects of changing neighborhood politics on music performance venues, and analyze social interactions in this scene, to give an exposition of "listening to music" as a practice deeply tied into other aspects of my interlocutors' lives. I engage with cultural anthropology, urban sociology, and media studies, applying insights from those fields while engaging perennial concerns and topics of jazz scholarship: the nature of musical improvisation, and relatedly, the dynamics of listening and aural perception, as well as the complex, changing, but continuing relationship between African American cultural practices and jazz.

This project makes several contributions to the ethnomusicology of listening and to jazz studies. First...

O rap dos Racionais MC\'s em sala de aula como via de emancipação de jovens na periferia de São Paulo: análises de oficinas musicais com ênfase no rap; The rap of Racionais MC´s in the classroom as a route of emancipation for teenagers living at the outskirts in São Paulo: analyses of workshops emphasizing rap

Martins, Raquel Mendonça
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/10/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.17%
A presente dissertação de mestrado teve o propósito de pesquisar em que medida a estética multifacetada do rap pode ser utilizada nos processos de formação de adolescentes pobres e moradores das periferias, em sua maioria, afrodescendentes. Ao identificar no rap um potencial de ruptura e de resistência frente às formas atuais de discriminação racial - tanto em seus aspectos musicais, quanto narrativos - foram realizadas oficinas de música com ênfase no rap, envolvendo jovens entre treze e quinze anos. As oficinas foram realizadas entre os anos de 2011 e 2013 em dois momentos distintos. O primeiro ocorreu na ONG Casa do Zezinho, situada no Capão Redondo, zona sul da cidade de São Paulo; o segundo foi realizado na Escola Municipal de Ensino Fundamental Amorim Lima, situada no Butantã, zona oeste da mesma cidade. As oficinas eram destinadas à promoção de atividades musicais, lúdicas e intelectuais, fundamentadas na estética do rap, tais como: improvisação musical livre com instrumentos de percussão, audições de rap e gêneros musicais de vanguarda, entre outras. Inicialmente, o objetivo da pesquisa norteou-se pela sensibilização de uma escuta musical que fosse propiciadora de uma ruptura com os modos de percepção homogeneizadores da indústria cultural. Inicialmente...

Adorno's Praxis of individuation Through Music Listening

Shapiro, Jeremy J.; Fielding Graduate University
Fonte: Deartes/Universidade Federal do Paraná Publicador: Deartes/Universidade Federal do Paraná
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/07/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.32%
Theodor W. Adorno's Anweisungen zum Hören neuer Musik (Guidelines for Listening to Modern Music) contain instructions not only for how to listen but also for how to have experience in general. The psycological, perceptual, and cognitive structures involved are existential structures, i.e. guidelines as to how to be as a modernist or post-modern self. Since listening involves abandoning oneself to the immanent logic of musical works, it is these works that provide the model for how to be. Adorno's work also shows, in contradistinction to some views of Adorno, his commitment to the unity of theory and practice and demonstrates that his musical writing is a completely independent and novel strand of critical theory because of is attempt to articulate the ineffable. However, Adorno's explicit theory of listening ("structural listening") is itself inadequate to Adorno's implicit theory of listening as contained in the practice of his actual musical writings.

The popularisation of Positive Psychology as a defence against behavioural complexity in research and organisations

Cilliers,Frans; May,Michelle
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
ORIENTATION: Positive Psychology's focus on positive behaviour has resulted in research and organisational consultants to focus relatively more on positive behaviour, thus avoiding negative and often unconscious behaviour and its manifestations. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore the systems psychodynamic nature of the manifesting defensive structures operating in Positive Psychology. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: The study investigated the popularity of Positive Psychology amongst academics, students and organisational consultants and the tendency to avoid the complexity of the relatedness between positive and negative as part of the human condition. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: Qualitative research by means of a Listening Post was used, consisting of six psychologists in their roles as lecturers and organisational consultants. Thematic analyses led to the formulation of various working hypotheses, integrated into a research hypothesis. MAIN FINDINGS: Four themes manifested - namely, the manifesting defence mechanisms, a reluctance to relinquish positive psychology as an object of hope, a need to guard against being too hasty in breaking down positive psychology and a need for a psychology that can engage us in a conversation about integrating the complexities of the human condition. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: The findings were linked to Deo Strümpfer's work...