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Tradições discursivas e modalidade: reflexões sobre a trajetória do gênero carta do editor em jornais paulistas do século XIX ao início do século XX; Discursive traditions and modality: reflections about the letter to the editor genre trajectory in São Paulos newspapers in the period of nineteenth-century to earlier twentieth-century.

Rodrigues, Rafaela Baracat Ribeiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/03/2011 PT
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Nesta pesquisa, realizamos um estudo sobre gênero discursivo em perspectiva diacrônica, atentando para a organização e para as estratégias linguísticas que nele se manifestam. Analisamos uma prática social da esfera jornalística, a carta de editor, com o objetivo de verificar os elementos constitutivos e as possíveis transformações do gênero em foco ao longo de seu percurso histórico. Particularmente, observamos estruturas linguísticas que concretizam regularidades discursivas nesse gênero da imprensa escrita, no período relativo ao século XIX até o início do século XX. Para tanto, fundamentamos o trabalho em estudos sobre mídia impressa, a fim de focalizar o contexto de estabelecimento do jornalismo, bem como em estudos a respeito dos gêneros discursivos e das tradições discursivas, com o intuito de ancorar a análise dos traços textuais que garantem a continuidade e contribuem para a identificação do gênero como típico da instituição jornalística. Dessa prática social, emergem recursos linguísticos orientadores da produção de sentido, por meio dos quais os sujeitos, situados em determinado contexto social e histórico, buscam, de alguma forma, influenciar seus interlocutores para atingir seus propósitos interacionais. Entre esses recursos...

Predictors of letter knowledge in children growing in poverty

Diuk,Beatriz; Ferroni,Marina
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
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This study examined the influence of phonological processing abilities on letter knowledge and letter learning in 1st grade children growing in poverty. At the beginning of the school year, 59 first graders were evaluated with tests measuring phonological awareness, phonological memory and rapid naming. Letter knowledge was assessed at the beginning and at the end of the year. All phonological processing abilities predicted letter knowledge at time 1, with phonological awareness producing the largest effect. However, only phonological memory predicted additional letter learning during the school year, once initial letter knowledge was taken into account.

A New Constructive Method for the One-Letter Context-Free Grammars

Andrei, Ştefan; Chin, Wei Ngan
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 101341 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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Constructive methods for obtaining the regular grammar counterparts for some sub-classes of the context free grammars (cfg) have been investigated by many researchers. An important class of grammars for which this is always possible is the one-letter cfg. We show in this paper a new constructive method for transforming arbitrary one-letter cfg to an equivalent regular expression of star-height 0 or 1. Our new result is considerably simpler than a previous construction by Leiss, and we also propose a new normal form for a regular expression with single-star occurrence. Through an alphabet factorization theorem, we show how to go beyond the one-letter cfg in a straight-forward way.; Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA)

A transitividade em cartas do leitor à luz do funcionalismo; The transitivity in the genre letter of the reader in the functionalists conceptions of the language

RIBEIRO, Roberta Rocha
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Letras e Linguística; Lingüística, Letras e Artes Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Letras e Linguística; Lingüística, Letras e Artes
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The main objective of this work is to analyze the trend of the transitive organization in the genre letter of the reader. For in such a way, we support in them in the functionalists conceptions of the language, that consider the language in use, the verbal interaction, as well as the communicative intentions of the users of the language in the interaction. In what it refers to the transitivity, the functionalists‟ studies, in general, affirm that the phenomenon is syntactic-semantic, of phrasal scope and it is not depleted in the level of the verb. The verb is the generating nucleus of all the argument structure of the sentence and, each argument, assists in the transitive constitution. The transitivity, in this way, organizes the sentence and, consequently, the text, the discourse. Therefore, it is a phenomenon of organizational matrix. In this manner, we opt to investigating the uses of the transitivity in texts produced in pertaining to school environment. Our corpus is composed of letters of the reader written by fourth series‟ pupils, in 2003, the Centro de Ensino e Pesquisa Aplicada à Educação da Universidade Federal de Goiás (CEPAE/UFG). Thus, we observe the phenomenon in the genre letter of the reader and, therefore...

A letter to a Right Honourable person : and the answer to it, translated into verse, as nearly as the different idioms of prose and poetry will allow : with notes historical, critical, political, &c

Francis, Philip, 1708?-1773.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 1416524 bytes; application/pdf
ENG; EN_US
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A letter to the Right Hon. N. Vansittart, M.P. : being an answer to his Second letter on the British and Foreign Bible Society : and, at the same time, an answer to whatever is argumentative in other pamphlets, which have been lately writen to the same purpose

Marsh, Herbert, 1757-1839.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 2840533 bytes; application/pdf
ENG; EN_US
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no TOC

A reply to a letter, addressed to "John Scott Waring, Esq.", in refutation of the illiberal and unjust observations and strictures of the anonymous writer of that letter

Scott, Major (John), 1747-1819.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 4650929 bytes; application/pdf
ENG; EN_US
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A summary defence of the Right Hon. Edmund Burke : in two letters : Letter I. addressed to the Rev. Gilbert Wakefield, in refutation of all his positions : Letter II. addressed to the Hon. Somerset Lowry Corry, including strictures upon a late virulent pamphlet, written by Mr. William Miles

Townshend, Thomas.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 6759606 bytes; application/pdf
ENG; EN_US
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-no TOC

James VI of Scotland Letter, 1579

Adams, Anne
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Outros
EN
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This letter authorizes William Hamilton of Portmollart to repair to Edinburgh notwithstanding the acts discharging the Hamiltons from being within six miles of the King’s person. James VI and James I (June 19, 1566 – March 27, 1625) was King of Scots as James VI from July 24th, 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the English and Scottish crowns on March 24, 1603 after the passing of Elizabeth I.; 1 letter signed by, and under the privy seal of King James VI of Scotland, measures 29 ½ x 20 cm.

Issues facing Navy contracting organizations in implementing OFPP Policy Letter 92-4

Keller, Joseph A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 166 p.
EN_US
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This thesis investigates the challenges faced by Navy contracting organizations as they attempt to comply with OFPP Policy Letter 92-4 (Procurement of Environmentally-Sound and Energy-Efficient Products and Services) which mandates that all Federal agencies give special attention to energy and environmental factors in all phases of agency operations, including procurement. The primary impact of the Policy Letter will be on contracting officers': review of specifications and source selection criteria; debriefs to unsuccessful offerors and handling of protests; and evaluation of a contractor's compliance with a contract. Impediments hindering compliance include: lack of a feeling of responsibility; lack of expertise; and lack of incentives. Recommendations to overcome these impediments include: communicating responsibility to both requirements personnel and contracting personnel; establishing and administering training courses; and providing positive organizational and personal incentives to contracting personnel.; Lieutenant, United States Navy

A letter to Mr. Chandler in vindication of a passage in the Lord Bishop of London's second pastoral letter

Johnson, Thomas, 1702 or 3-1737.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 2974166 bytes; application/pdf
ENG; EN_US
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Remarks upon a Letter to the author of the Inquiry into the revenue, credit, and commerce of France : address'd to the letter-writer

C. P., Esq.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 1985732 bytes; application/pdf
ENG; EN_US
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A letter to Richard Lord Bishop of Landaff, on the subject of His Lordship's letter to the late Archbishop of Canterbury

Cumberland, Richard, 1732-1811.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 4593468 bytes; application/pdf
ENG; EN_US
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no TOC

Tempo, aspecto e modo verbais e o gênero textual carta do leitor: análise de tarefas do Celpe-Bras; Time, aspect and verbal modes and the readers letter genre: task analysis of Celpe-Bras

Orra, Samira Ahmad
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/12/2013 PT
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Esta dissertação tem como objetivo verificar os usos dos verbos no gênero textual carta do leitor através da análise das produções textuais de estrangeiros no Exame do Celpe-Bras. Nosso corpus é composto por redações de estudantes de língua portuguesa, realizadas a partir de duas tarefas do Celpe-Bras que exigiam a redação de uma carta do leitor. As tarefas foram aplicadas a alunos de língua portuguesa para estrangeiros em São Paulo. Partimos, para a análise, do pressuposto de que o verbo desempenha um papel fundamental na construção discursiva do texto (Travaglia, 1991 e Castilho, 2012) e recorremos a metodologia de Vargas (2011) que demonstra por meio da análise textual como o uso do verbo participa da produção do sentido. Também desenvolvemos reflexões sobre a relação entre argumentação e modo (indicativo ou subjuntivo), tempo (pretérito, presente e futuro) e aspecto (perfectivo ou imperfectivo) do verbo.; This thesis aims to determine the uses of verbs in the genre Reader´s letter through the analysis of textual productions of foreigners in the Brazilian Official Examination of the Proficiency of Portuguese Language for foreigners (CELPE-Bras). Our corpus consists of the redactions of the students of Portuguese Language...

The letter in science and in psychoanalysis; La letra en la ciencia y en el psicoanálisis; A letra na ciência e na psicanálise

Elia, Luciano
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2008 POR
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The aim of this paper is to discuss the status of the letter and literalization in psychoanalysis and in modern science. Our statement is that there is a strict filiation of psychoanalysis at science, and we ask what makes possible that science literalizes its field directly and immediately, while psychoanalysis needs to pass by other ways (named "ex-ways" in this paper) in the field of speaking and of the significant as a required methodological condition of its experience. We suppose that the inclusion of the subject (effect of Language and caused by the significant) in the operatory field of psychoanalysis is the reason of the indirect and mediate way in which the letter operates in the psychoanalytical experience.; Esto artículo trata del estatuto de la letra y de la literalización en el psicoanálisis y en la ciencia moderna. Afirmamos la estricta filiación del psicoanálisis à la ciencia, y interrogamos lo que hace posible a la ciencia literalizar de un modo directo y inmediato su campo, mientras que el psicoanálisis debe recurrir a un precurso (dicho "ex-curso" en el artigo) por lo campo de la palabra hablada y del significante como una condición metodológica exigible de su experiencia. Hacemos la suposición de que la inclusión del sujeto (efecto del Lenguaje y causado por el significante) en el campo operatorio del psicoanálisis es la causa del modo indirecto y mediatizado por el cuál la letra hace su incidencia en la experiencia psicoanalítica.; O presente artigo discute o estatuto da letra e da literalização na Psicanálise e na Ciência Moderna. Afirma-se a estrita filiação da Psicanálise à Ciência...

A instância da letra na leitura; The letter instance in the reading

Milmann, Elaine
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2003 POR
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The letter instance in the reading mentions the overflow to it for the psychotic subjective act in the text. The work is developed from the psychopedagogical clinic experience with a interdisciplinar team and a school, considering a dialogue between psychoanalysis and education. Following some reading situations, one hypothesis appears: with the reading acts, it is possible to point out the singularity of the psychotic subjectivity in its relations with the meaning. This could be analyzed from the point of view of listening of the language phenomena that appear when the reader speaks about the read text. Also it would be possible to certify the letter incidence in the developing of the "Borromeano" enlancing, the three registers, RSI. Attempting to demonstrate the singularity of the relation between psychosis and the meaning field, reading situations lived by a boy with this diagnosis are presented and the material gathered is analyzed from the readings.; A instância da letra na leitura refere-se ao transbordamento pela subjetivação psicótica no texto. O trabalho é desenvolvido a partir da experiência da clínica psicopedagógica numa equipe interdisciplinar e na escola, propondo um diálogo entre a psicanálise e a educação. Acompanhando-se várias situações de leitura...

La "Carta pras icamiabas": o la falta de carácter de un héroe imperial; The "Letter to the Icamiabas": or the lack of character of an imperial hero

Pizarro, Jerónimo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2008 POR
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Na segunda novela de Mário de Andrade, Macunaíma (1928), encontra-se uma carta muito singular e dissonante dirigida às icamiabas, ou mulheres amazonas, assinada pelo herói da saga, o "herói sem nenhum caráter". Transformado no Imperador da Selva Virgem, Macunaíma dirige a suas súditas uma carta na qual Andrade parodia o discurso escrito e a retórica pós-colonial das elites letradas nacionais. Esse texto epistolar pode ser lido produtivamente como um exemplo do tipo de "escrita" que "surge entre mimese e mímica", para dizê-lo com Homi Bhabha; de escrita que desafia a "intenção épica da missão civilizadora". Dentro da novela-rapsódia de Andrade, a carta constitui, além disso, um momento da metamorfose do herói, a primeira de natureza lingüística, e uma entronização, isto é, um momento anterior ao destronamento carnavalesco.; In Mário de Andrade's second novel, Macunaíma (1928), one comes across a very unique and dissonant letter addressed to the Icamiabas, or Amazon women; the letter is, signed by the hero of the saga, the "hero without any character". Transformed into the Emperor of the Virgin Jungle, Macunaíma addresses his subjects in a letter in which Andrade parodies the written discourse and postcolonial rhetoric of national lettered elites. That epistolary text might be constructively read as an example of the type of "writing" that "emerges between mimesis and mimicry"...

The Operant Conditioning of Letter String Problem Solving

Pulido,Marco A.; Hernández,Cindy; Peña,Lilian M.; Ponce,Nora M.; Rebolledo,Montserrat
Fonte: Sociedad Mexicana de Análisis de la Conducta Publicador: Sociedad Mexicana de Análisis de la Conducta
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
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The major purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of practice and reinforcement on letter string problem solving. College students were exposed to printed letter string problems. In the first experiment correct answers could be reinforced, punished, ignored, randomly reinforced or presented without a previous example. Data showed punishment significantly decreased the number of correct answers produced by the subjects; additionally practice significantly increased the number of correct answers in one reinforced condition and lowered the number of correct answers in the punishment group. A second experiment assessed behavioral momentum theory in the solution of letter string problems. Subjects were reinforced for producing a determined answer during 12 consecutive problems; subsequently the answer selected for reinforcement changed. Results showed the probability of producing a correct answer significantly decreased when reinforcement contingencies changed. Data from both experiments suggest that approaching letter string problem solving from an operant, rather than cognitive perspective, could allow a better understanding and control of the phenomenon.

Discernment in the letter to the Galatians

Tolmie,D.F.
Fonte: Acta Theologica Publicador: Acta Theologica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2013 EN
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Although discernment is not the primary focus of the Letter to the Galatians, a few references to this issue are found in the letter. These references are the focus of this study. After a brief overview of some approaches to discernment, three core elements of discernment are identified, namely reflection, choice and one's relationship to God. Taking these elements as a point of departure, references to discernment in the following passages in the letter are investigated: 2:1-10; 2:11-21; 3:1-5 and 5:12-6:10.

The spirituality of the Letter to the Galatians

Tolmie,D.F.
Fonte: Acta Theologica Publicador: Acta Theologica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
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The spirituality of the Letter to the Galatians has not received much attention so far. Accordingly, this issue is addressed in this article. After a brief overview of two studies that have already been done in this regard, the focus of this investigation is formulated as the spirituality that comes to expression in the Letter to the Galatians. Of the different approaches available to investigate this matter, the approach of Kees Waaijman is selected. In terms of this approach, two issues are then investigated systematically, namely the divine-human relational process as reflected in the Letter to the Galatians and the transformation process as reflected in the Letter.