Página 1 dos resultados de 22 itens digitais encontrados em 0.021 segundos

Entre a magia da voz e a artesania da letra: o sagrado em Manoel de Barros e Mia Couto; The sacred elements as a significant source to help build identity: the sacred in Manoel de Barros e Mia Couto

Baseio, Maria Auxiliadora Fontana
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/09/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.76%
Sabemos que a literatura assume contornos singulares nas franjas dos núcleos hegemônicos. Brasil e África são territórios marcados por uma profunda e complexa tensão entre elementos genuínos e elementos impostos pela colonização. Irmanar essas experiências fronteiriças é nossa tentativa neste tempo de mundialização. Esta tese analisa a dimensão do sagrado com base no estudo comparado de Manoel de Barros e Mia Couto. Compreendido como uma dimensão da existência, qualitativamente diferente da dimensão profana, embora nela manifestado, o sagrado participa do projeto estético e do projeto político dos dois autores, sendo elemento importante tanto para afirmar a identidade das duas culturas quanto para projetar um novo homem e uma nova forma de conhecimento para o século XXI. Tanto de maneira visível quanto camuflada, o sagrado compõe tanto a cultura tradicional quanto a moderna, revelando-se nas obras literárias dirigidas a adultos e a crianças. Por meio de suas fulgurações, tanto na poesia quanto na prosa, torna-se possível evidenciar raízes similares e marcas identitárias das duas culturas e das duas literaturas que compõem um macrossistema, no interior do qual nenhuma das literaturas afirma-se como paradigmática. A língua portuguesa é o instrumento com o qual Brasil e Moçambique fortalecem e irmanam suas experiências. Importa-nos...

Learning spaces and students entrepreneurship: the strategy for the successful implementation of an E-Learning Café in Campus U. Porto

Lígia Ribeiro; Maria Pinto; Pedro Neto; Andrea Vieira
Fonte: Universidade do Porto Publicador: Universidade do Porto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.96%
Universities are facing demanding challenges due to the rising of life-long-learning needs and the responsibility to accommodate new and emerging technologies in the learning process. On the European Higher Education Area quot;learning takes a primordial limelight. Also, in a globalized society where information and communication technologies play a major role, employers require higher education graduates not only to be excellent in communication and in the use of information, but also to think creatively, to be able to innovate, cooperate and compete across borders.The spatial configuration of learning spaces and the facilities and initiatives they accommodate are rather important to provide effective environments for learning, where diverse studying and cultural activities combine, motivating students to become more knowledgeable and equipped with the interdisciplinary and high level skills the 21st century society requires.The main objective of this work is to present and discuss the contribution of the e-Learning Café project of the University of Porto and of the successful implementation of its program, focused on diverse pedagogical and cultural activities, to the acquisition of students#8217; attitudes and skills essential to handle professional relationships and to facilitate learning...

The U.Porto e-Learning Café: Learning Spaces and the Path of Self Education

Maria Pinto; Lígia Maria Ribeiro
Fonte: Universidade do Porto Publicador: Universidade do Porto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
On the European Higher Education Area quot;learning is a key word as well as individual responsibility and engagement with self education. Universities are facing demanding challenges mainly due to the rising of life-long-learning needs, to significant cuts on public budgets and to strong pressures to achieve increasing levels of excellence both in education and research. In a globalized society where information and communication technologies (ICT) play a major role, employers require that college graduates be excellent in communication and in the use of information, be able to think creatively, innovate, cooperate and compete across borders. At the University of Porto (U.Porto) we believe that the spatial configuration of learning spaces and the facilities and initiatives they accommodate may be rather important to provide effective environments for learning and quot;minglequot;, motivating students to become more knowledgeable and equipped with the interdisciplinary and high level skills the 21st century society requires.In these contexts information technologies are important tools for creating and promoting innovative students environments.

Learning from quality systems in different countries: quality improvement across borders?

Moss, F.; Baker, R.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.76%

Building a Multi-Institutional Community of Practice to Foster Assessment

Janke, Kristin K.; Seaba, Hazel H.; Welage, Lynda S.; Scott, Steven A.; Rabi, Suzanne M.; Kelley, Katherine A.; Mason, Holly L.
Fonte: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education Publicador: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/05/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.76%
This paper discusses the development of a multi-institutional community of practice that formed over 5 years. This community of practice was intentionally designed to support the evolution of student learning and programmatic assessment within member colleges and schools. Critical phases to the community’s development are outlined, as well as its mission and goals. In addition, the community’s contributions to faculty development and the scholarship of assessment are detailed. Success factors are discussed to assist others who may wish to initiate assessment-related collaborations across institutional borders. The community’s vision for the future is also outlined.

Perspectives on faculty development: aiming for 6/6 by 2020

Steinert, Yvonne
Fonte: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum Publicador: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.83%
Faculty development has a key role to play in individual and organizational development. This perspective on faculty development, which builds on the 2020 Vision of Faculty Development Across the Medical Education Continuum Conference and the First International Conference on Faculty Development in the Health Professions, describes six recommendations that we should consider as the field of faculty development moves forward: grounding faculty development in a theoretical framework; broadening the focus of faculty development to address the various roles that clinicians and basic scientists play; recognizing the role that faculty development can play in promoting curricular and organizational change; expanding our notion of how faculty members develop and moving beyond formal, structured activities to incorporate notions of work-based learning and communities of practice; making faculty development an expectation for all faculty members; and promoting scholarship in faculty development to ensure that research informs practice. Looking ahead, we should also consider strategies for leading change, collaborate across institutions and international borders, and work together to share lessons learned in research and practice.

The Evolution and Expansion of Regional Disease Surveillance Networks and Their Role in Mitigating the Threat of Infectious Disease Outbreaks

Bond, Katherine C.; Macfarlane, Sarah B.; Burke, Charlanne; Ungchusak, Kumnuan; Wibulpolprasert, Suwit
Fonte: Co-Action Publishing Publicador: Co-Action Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.83%
We examine the emergence, development, and value of regional infectious disease surveillance networks that neighboring countries worldwide are organizing to control cross-border outbreaks at their source. The regional perspective represented in the paper is intended to serve as an instructive framework for others who decide to launch such networks as new technologies and emerging threats bring countries even closer together. Distinct from more formal networks in geographic regions designated by the World Health Organization (WHO), these networks usually involve groupings of fewer countries chosen by national governments to optimize surveillance efforts. Sometimes referred to as sub-regional, these “self-organizing” networks complement national and local government recognition with informal relationships across borders among epidemiologists, scientists, ministry officials, health workers, border officers, and community members. Their development over time reflects both incremental learning and growing connections among network actors; and changing disease patterns, with infectious disease threats shifting over time from local to regional to global levels. Not only has this regional disease surveillance network model expanded across the globe...

Borders and Comparative Cytoarchitecture of the Perirhinal and Postrhinal Cortices in an F1 Hybrid Mouse

Beaudin, Stephane A.; Singh, Teghpal; Agster, Kara L.; Burwell, Rebecca D.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.96%
We examined the cytoarchitectonic and chemoarchitectonic organization of the cortical regions associated with the posterior rhinal fissure in the mouse brain, within the framework of what is known about these regions in the rat. Primary observations were in a first-generation hybrid mouse line, B6129PF/J1. The F1 hybrid was chosen because of the many advantages afforded in the study of the molecular and cellular bases of learning and memory. Comparisons with the parent strains, the C57BL6/J and 129P3/J are also reported. Mouse brain tissue was processed for visualization of Nissl material, myelin, acetyl cholinesterase, parvalbumin, and heavy metals. Tissue stained for heavy metals by the Timm’s method was particularly useful in the assignment of borders and in the comparative analyses because the patterns of staining were similar across species and strains. As in the rat, the areas examined were parcellated into 2 regions, the perirhinal and the postrhinal cortices. The perirhinal cortex was divided into areas 35 and 36, and the postrhinal cortex was divided into dorsal (PORd) and ventral (PORv) subregions. In addition to identifying the borders of the perirhinal cortex, we were able to identify a region in the mouse brain that shares signature features with the rat postrhinal cortex.

A flexible and robust approach for segmenting cell nuclei from 2D microscopy images using supervised learning and template matching

Chen, Cheng; Wang, Wei; Ozolek, John A.; Rohde, Gustavo K.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.84%
We describe a new supervised learning-based template matching approach for segmenting cell nuclei from microscopy images. The method uses examples selected by a user for building a statistical model which captures the texture and shape variations of the nuclear structures from a given dataset to be segmented. Segmentation of subsequent, unlabeled, images is then performed by finding the model instance that best matches (in the normalized cross correlation sense) local neighborhood in the input image. We demonstrate the application of our method to segmenting nuclei from a variety of imaging modalities, and quantitatively compare our results to several other methods. Quantitative results using both simulated and real image data show that, while certain methods may work well for certain imaging modalities, our software is able to obtain high accuracy across several imaging modalities studied. Results also demonstrate that, relative to several existing methods, the template-based method we propose presents increased robustness in the sense of better handling variations in illumination, variations in texture from different imaging modalities, providing more smooth and accurate segmentation borders, as well as handling better cluttered nuclei.

Essays on Stock Investing and Investor Behavior

Ranish, Benjamin Michael
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
Chapter one shows that US households with high unconditional and cyclical labor income risk are more leveraged and allocate a greater share of their financial assets to stocks. I use self-reported risk preferences to show that rational sorting of risk tolerant workers into risky employment is responsible for this otherwise puzzling result. With risk preferences accounted for, I find evidence that households with greater permanent income variance reduce leverage and stock allocations to an extent consistent with theory. However, household portfolios and employment selection do not respond significantly to any of the other three forms of labor income risk I measure: disaster risk, permanent income cyclicality, and permanent income variance cyclicality. Chapter two reports evidence that individual investors in Indian equities hold better performing portfolios as they become more experienced in the equity market. Experienced investors tilt their portfolios profitably towards value stocks and stocks with low turnover, but these tilts do not fully explain their performance. Experienced investors also tend to have lower turnover and disposition bias. These behaviors, as well as underdiversification, diminish when investors experience poor returns resulting from them...

Essays in Urban Economics

Resseger, Matthew George
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.76%
In this set of essays, I grapple with issues related to the core questions of urban economics. Why are people so heavily clustered in urban areas? Why do some cities grow while others decline? What explains where people live within urban areas? My first essay focuses on understanding patterns of racial segregation within metro areas. One factor that has long been hypothesized to contribute to this divide, but has proven difficult to test empirically, is that local zoning regulations have an exclusionary impact on minority residents in some neighborhoods. I focus on variation in block-level racial composition within narrow bands around zone borders within jurisdictions. My results imply a large role for local zoning regulation, particularly the permitting of dense multi-family structures, in explaining disparate racial location patterns. The second essay returns to core issues of agglomeration and the role of cities. The fact that wages tend to be higher in cities, and that this premium grows with density, has been seen as strong evidence for urban agglomeration forces enhancing productivity. In modern data this density premium seems only to exist in areas with above average levels of human capital. Agglomeration models emphasizing learning and knowledge spillovers between workers in close proximity seem most compatible with the data. Finally...

Learning from Exemplary Practices in International Disaster Management : A Fresh Avenue to Inform US Policy?

Moore, M.; Trujillo, H. R.; Stearns, B. K.; Basurto-Davila, R.; Evans, D. K.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.84%
The devastation of the U.S. Gulf Coast by Hurricane Katrina in August 2005 sparked widespread reconsideration of U.S. disaster management practices. While most of this inquiry has drawn on U.S. disaster experiences, countries throughout the world are also struck by natural disasters. We hypothesized that the disaster management experiences in other countries could represent a potentially valuable source of insight for the United States. Therefore, we identified and examined exemplary practices in disaster prevention/preparedness, response, and recovery/redevelopment from thirteen natural disasters in eleven countries, focusing in particular on areas that were problematic during the Hurricane Katrina response. Interviews with recognized international disaster management experts validated our preliminary assessments from these experiences and provided additional insights not gleaned from the literature. We discuss seven lessons from our analyses: (1) Different models, but common principles, underlie effective coordination; (2) Community participation is critical at all phases of the disaster management cycle; (3) Both technology and public awareness contribute to effective early warning; (4) Disaster management should be evidence-based when possible; (5) An early orientation to long-term recovery can be important; (6) Countries can and should learn from previous disaster experience; and (7) Disaster management solutions must be appropriate to the local setting. We also offer and discuss three recommendations: (1) Institutionalize the process of learning from international disaster management; (2) Apply relevant practices from international experience; and (3) Systematically define...

Cross-border Tertiary Education : A Way towards Capacity Development

OECD; World Bank
Fonte: Paris: OECD Publicador: Paris: OECD
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.91%
This report emphasizes that cross-border tertiary education refers to the movement of people, programs, providers, curricula, projects, research and services in tertiary (or higher) education across national jurisdictional borders. Cross-border education is a subset of educational internationalization and can be part of development cooperation projects, academic exchange programs and commercial initiatives. The focus of this volume is on the mobility of students, programs and providers/institutions. Student mobility remains relatively small, but has grown at an unprecedented pace in the past decade. The study concludes that cross-border tertiary education can be a helpful capacity development tool that countries and donor countries and agencies should consider in their development strategies. Finally, with the growth of trade in education services and the inclusion of the sector in the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), countries and their education community should develop a better technical understanding of trade agreements. These agreements can be a tool in their capacity-building strategy...

Essays on learning in international macroeconomics

Tan, Kang Yong
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
The objective of this thesis is to explore the implications of learning as an alter- native expectations formation mechanism in international macroeconomics. The first part of the thesis (Chapters 2 to 4) deals with the e¤ects of adaptive learning(Evans and Honkapohja, 2001) in the transmission of policy changes and shocks within and across borders. In particular, learning has been introduced to two major workhorse open economy models: the Mundell-Fleming Dornbusch and the McKibbin-Sachs Global (MSG3) models. The second part of the thesis (Chapters 5 to 6) begins by examining the learning behavior of international creditors about the credibility of an exchange rate regime using a game theoretic approach to reputation. Using the Pooled Mean Group methodology, this part also conducts an empirical analysis to investigate the inter-relationship between sovereign yield spreads and exchange rate regime during the pre-World War One era...; Yes

Export premium, productivity, trade openness and wage inequality in China : empirical evidence from firm-level data.

Lin, Faqin
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.36%
This thesis uses Chinese firm-level data to investigate the relationships between the export premium, firm productivity and wage inequality. Using Chinese annual survey data for all state-owned firms and other non-state-owned firms with sales on mainland China over 5 million RMB, the author finds that there is a series of premiums for exporters compared with non-exporters. On average, exporters pay higher wages, produce more, sell more, add more value, employ more labour, have higher capital intensity, and have higher productivity (based on 1999-2003 data). Firms with relatively high export values will also be relatively more productive. Quantile results show that the premium decreases with the increase of the quantile. In addition, the export premium declines over time and across the industries, provinces and ownership types, and the higher the export intensity, the lower the export premium. The thesis further investigates the question: what determines the export premium – the selection effect or learning-by-exporting effect? First, the author uses the Olley and Pakes (1996) method to control both selection and simultaneity bias to estimate the reliable firm productivity. Then the author tests the self-selection and learning-by-exporting effects both parametrically and non-parametrically. The author finds both strong self-selection and learning-by-exporting effects at the aggregate level. The higher the productivity the firm has today...

Cross-border Content: Investigation into Sharing Curricula across Borders and its Opportunities for Open Education Resources

PEPLER Giles; FRANK BRISTOW Sara; BACSICH Paul; JEANS Nick; VUORIKARI RIINA
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
The aim of this study was to make an inventory of the existing cases in formal education (school sector, vocational education and higher education) where a curriculum or syllabus is shared across borders (e.g. state, national, linguistic and cultural). Based on the analysis of the desk research and a case study, further considerations was given to the potential cross border sharing of curricula/syllabi could have for Open Educational Resources, either existing or prospective. The study was conducted in three parts. The first involved scoping and classifying cross-border syllabi/curricula initiatives and their drivers. This was followed by a detailed case study of the US Common Core State Standards Initiative and its impact on OER. These two parts are brought together in this final report and the research findings and they issues they raise are discussed. Finally, the report identifies potential areas for investigation to leverage synergies between cross-border syllabi/curricula and OER in the context of formal education in the EU. The report calls for visionary multi-stakeholder initiatives in the area of cross-border curricula and education that could offer viable collaboration on Open Educational Resources. This could benefit not only single Member States...

"WHEN YOU WRITE 'FOUR' IN CHINESE, YOU WILL FIND TWO 'J'S' IN IT": A CASE STUDY OF FOUR CHILDREN LEARNING TO BE LITERATE IN ALPHABETIC AND NON-ALPHABETIC PRINT

Lu, Mei-Yu
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.88%
Thesis (PhD) - Indiana University, School of Education, 2006; Framed within sociocultural, sociopsycholinguistic, and socio-semiotic views of language and literacy learning, I employed a qualitative case study approach to examine the nature of bilingual and biliteracy learning process of four young ethnic Chinese children living in a community where mainstream American culture and English predominated. I used observations, interviews, and analysis of documents to collect data over a 3.5-year period at a community-based, weekend mother tongue (Chinese) class where I was also the teacher of my research participants. A constant comparison approach was used to analyze and interpret the data gathered. Because of their heritage and life experiences, these children had access to two sets of cultural and semiotic resources in both minority (home and the weekend mother tongue school) and dominant (community where they lived and school they attended daily) sociocultural contexts. Findings from this research revealed that meaning making began when these children responded to existing or created texts while involved in semiotic engagements, and through this process these young learners acquired culturally and semiotically specific knowledge. Experiences with and exposure to these two sets of specifics enabled children to transfer knowledge they acquired in one context to the other...

Building (e-)learning bridges between Portugal and Turkey

Lencastre, José Alberto; Bronze, José Carlos; Ilin, Sukru Çetin; Özonur, Mesut
Fonte: IATED - International Association of Technology, Education and Development Publicador: IATED - International Association of Technology, Education and Development
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/11/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.24%
E-Learning has revolutionized learning as we know it [1]. Shifting beyond traditional mode of education, e-Learning has become an advantage for all learners in general. Further, e-Learning also bridges the gap of learning across borders, emerging as the new paradigm of modern education [2]. With e-Learning, learners can have access to training in other universities and to academic resource materials from other countries, thereby broadening the knowledge base of students. Despite these promising advantages, there are many barriers that face both trainers and trainees within an e- Learning environment [2] [3] [4]. Data show that teachers and trainers have a lack of confidence that surpasses the general optimism in e-Learning [5]. Teachers and trainers indicated that their skills in preparing pedagogical specifications or e-Learning tools are weak [5]. These barriers to e-Learning are very similar across European countries, example of that is Portugal and Turkey. This is a clear finding of the Building (e)Learning Bridges project (Lifelong Learning Programme – Grundtvig Learning Partnerships, 2012-14) [6]. This project aimed to design and test a usable web based protocol to facilitate the creation of effective e-Learning activities [6]. A protocol is generally defined as a set of rules/procedures that should be followed to achieve an outcome. When creating a new e-Learning course these procedures will ensure that all-important aspects of the development process are followed in the appropriate order [7]. Our goal is to give strong guidelines to teachers and trainers that allow them to prepare good e-Learning environments to their students...

Towards an International Classification for Patient Safety: the conceptual framework

; Sherman, Heather; Castro, Gerard; Fletcher, Martin; Hatlie, Martin; Hibbert, Peter; Jakob, Robert; Koss, Richard; Lewalle, Pierre; Loeb, Jerod; Perneger, Thomas; Runciman, William; Thomson, Richard; Van Der Schaaf, Tjerk; Virtanen, Martti
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.76%
Global advances in patient safety have been hampered by the lack of a uniform classification of patient safety concepts. This is a significant barrier to developing strategies to reduce risk, performing evidence-based research and evaluating existing healthcare policies relevant to patient safety. Since 2005, the World Health Organization's World Alliance for Patient Safety has undertaken the Project to Develop an International Classification for Patient Safety (ICPS) to devise a classification which transforms patient safety information collected from disparate systems into a common format to facilitate aggregation, analysis and learning across disciplines, borders and time. A drafting group, comprised of experts from the fields of patient safety, classification theory, health informatics, consumer/patient advocacy, law and medicine, identified and defined key patient safety concepts and developed an internationally agreed conceptual framework for the ICPS based upon existing patient safety classifications. The conceptual framework was iteratively improved through technical expert meetings and a two-stage web-based modified Delphi survey of over 250 international experts. This work culminated in a conceptual framework consisting of ten high level classes: incident type...

Archaeo-Astronomy in Society: Supporting Citizenship in Schools Across Europe

Brown, D.; Canas, L.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/11/2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.76%
The interdisciplinary topic of archaeo-astronomy links science subjects such as astronomy with archaeology and sociology to explore how ancient societies perceived the heavens above. This is achieved by analysing ancient sites such as megalithic monuments (e.g. Stonehenge), since they are the most common remains of these societies and are wide spread in Europe. We discuss how archaeo-astronomy and ancient sites can be transversal to many topics in school. The links to the science curricula in different countries are highlighted. However, especially the subject of citizenship can be supported by exploring the diversity of culture, ideas, and identities including the changing nature of society in the past millennia. We conclude that archaeo-astronomy offers many opportunities for citizenship. Learning more about megalithic monuments in different countries (e.g. England, Portugal, and Germany) supports tolerance and understanding. Furthermore, the distribution of these sites lends itself to explore beyond borders, introduce international networking, and truly develop students into global citizens.; Comment: 9 pages, 4 Figures, submitted to Science in Society