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Prediction of lean meat proportion of lamb carcasses

Cadavez, Vasco
Fonte: National Research Development Institute for Animal Biology and Nutrition (IBNA) Publicador: National Research Development Institute for Animal Biology and Nutrition (IBNA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.13%
The objectives of this study were to identify a reduced pertinent set of variables from an original set of 18 carcass measurements and the development of linear regression models to predict lean meat yield of lamb carcasses. Forty- six male lambs, 26 of Churro Galego Bragançano Portuguese local breed and 20 of Suffolk breed were used. Lambs were slaughtered and carcasses were weighed approximately 30 min after slaughter in order to obtain hot carcass weight (HCW). After cooling at 4°C for 24-h a set of 17 carcass measurements were recorded. The data interrelationships were analysed following the common factor analysis procedure. HCW was lowly correlated with leg length (r = 0.17) and moderately correlated with measurements that characterize carcass lengths and perimeters (r = -0.39 to 0.56). Four common factors (factor I = HCW; factor II = breast bone thickness; factor III = subcutaneous fat thickness; and factor IV = carcass conformation) were retained, accounting for 81.9% of the variation in the 18 original variables. This study shows that common factors analysis can be used to condense the information given by large sets of variables, by selecting a reduced number of variables, which avoids collinearity problems and simplifies the development of carcass composition estimation models.

Proposta de um método de gestão econômica para os sistemas produtivos tendo como base teórica os pressupostos que sustentam a contabilidade de ganhos da teoria das restrições e os princípios da produção enxuta ; Proposal of an economic management method for the productive systems having as theoretical base the estimated ones that they support the throughput accounting of the theory of constraints and the principles of the lean production

Queiroz, José Antonio de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/09/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
A produção enxuta tem provocado mudanças significativas nas empresas, mudanças estas que não vêm sendo acompanhadas pelos sistemas de gestão econômica, desenvolvidos sobre pressupostos equivocados da produção em massa que defendem que as otimizações locais isoladas conduzem à otimização global da empresa. Deste modo, pode-se afirmar que a contabilidade de custos não é capaz de prover as informações necessárias à correta tomada de decisão nas empresas enxutas. Por outro lado, constata-se uma coerência entre os princípios da produção enxuta e os pressupostos que sustentam a contabilidade de ganhos da teoria das restrições. Sendo assim, o objetivo desta tese é propor um método de gestão econômica tendo como base teórica os pressupostos que sustentam a contabilidade de ganhos e os princípios da produção enxuta, o qual será denominado de método do ganho médio. Embora os sistemas produtivos enxutos sejam os grandes motivadores para a proposição do método do ganho médio, este também se aplica aos sistemas produtivos tradicionais. Além das etapas de aplicação do método do ganho médio, são apresentadas, ainda, as regras que orientam as tomadas de decisão no mesmo e um modo de precificação. A aplicação do método do ganho médio em uma empresa enxuta consolidada fez com que esta passasse a compreender a importância do tratamento diferenciado das restrições e das não-restrições...

Adaptações do Sistema de Informações Gerenciais para Atender Necessidades de Empresas Envolvidas com a Implantação do Pensamento Enxuto: Um Estudo de Caso

Simões, Luiz Henrique Da Silva
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
The management system based on lean thinking has led to significant changes in the companies that have decided to adopt it. Frequently, those changes do not create a sustainable position coherent with the good results that are obtained. Many are the causes being discussed and analyzed, not only in academia, but also by lean manufacturing institutes and companies. The existing practices related to the managerial information system and the implementation, development, and maintenance of the lean journey may be some of such causes. This dissertation emphasizes whether the changes generated by this type of management are being followed by the managerial information system. The development of such system was in many cases based on mass production, whose principles go against lean manufacturing concepts. Thus, the objective of this dissertation is to verify whether the traditional managerial information system can meet the needs of the companies that adopt lean manufacturing principles. Through a case study based on qualitative and exploratory research in an electronic equipment assembling company, the stage of the implementation of lean thinking concepts at the time of the field research was analyzed, as well as whether the metrics, financial and non financial indicators were suitable for lean principles. The aim of such study was to empirically verify if the criticism found in the existing literature was pertinent or not. The data collected through the analysis of the documentation...

Lean startup : análise exploratória sobre sua utilização por novas empresas brasileiras

Ribeiro, Gabriel
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
Recentemente diversos empreendedores passaram a empregar uma nova abordagem na criação de empresas, denominada “Lean Startup” que, começou a ser difundida no Brasil em 2012 com o livro de Eric Ries. Seguindo a perspectiva do empreendedorismo como método, ela representa uma ruptura nos estudos de empreendedorismo, pois é diferente da abordagem preditiva utilizada até então em que elabora-se um plano de negócios e, somente depois da busca de investimentos, o produto é testado com clientes. Embora muito utilizada, existem poucos estudos acadêmicos sobre as práticas Lean aplicadas a Startups, daí a relevância do presente estudo. Com caráter exploratório, a pesquisa utiliza uma metodologia quantitativa e se vale de uma survey, respondida por 115 empreendedores, sócios de empresas de base tecnológica com até 42 meses de existência, com o objetivo de descobrir se eles conhecem a Lean Startup, o quanto suas ferramentas são adotadas e se elas trazem efeitos positivos. Como resultado, constatou-se que a Lean Startup é amplamente conhecida e utilizada, foram encontradas sinalizações de resultados positivos obtidos pelo uso de algumas de suas ferramentas - feedback acelerado, produto mínimo viável (PMV) e métricas da contabilidade para inovação...

Men Older than 50 Yrs Are More Likely to Fall than Women Under Similar Conditions of Health, Body Composition, and Balance

Pereira, Catarina L. N.; Baptista, Fátima; Infante, Paulo
Fonte: Wolters Kluwer Publicador: Wolters Kluwer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.23%
Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the contribution of sex to the occurrence of falls, accounting for comorbidities and differences in physical fitness. Design: This was a cross-sectional study of 587 community-dwelling adults who were older than 50 yrs. Falls, comorbidities (number of diseases and physical impairments), and physical fitness (body composition, lower and upper body strength and flexibility, agility, aerobic endurance, and balance) were evaluated via questionnaires, bioimpedance, and Fullerton batteries, respectively. Results: Compared with the men, the women presented a 10% higher fall prevalence, 1.7 more diseases/impairments, 10% more body fat, 26% less lean body mass, and poorer physical capacity (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression revealed that male sex (odds ratio [OR], 2.723; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.190–6.230) increased the likelihood of falling, after adjustment for comorbidities (OR, 1.213; 95% CI, 1.109–1.328), lean mass (OR, 0.958; 95% CI, 0.927–0.989), fat mass (OR, 1.053; 95% CI, 1.021–1.086), and balance (OR, 0.942; 95% CI, 0.914–0.971), which were the main risk factors of falls. Conclusions: Women are more susceptible to falling, presumably because they have poorer health and physical fitness than do men. However...

Impacto financeiro na implementação de melhorias de processos : estudo de caso? Indústria dos moldes em Portugal

Borges, Pedro Miguel Mendes
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão Publicador: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.79%
Mestrado em Gestão e Estratégia Industrial; O presente trabalho desenvolve-se em torno da quantificação e contabilização financeira das melhorias de processos observadas numa empresa da Indústria de moldes portuguesa. Essa quantificação e contabilização financeira tem por base um conjunto de princípios da Gestão Lean que é apresentada fazendo uma comparação entre uma filosofia tradicional de gestão e o Lean. Neste trabalho é feito uma análise de como a Gestão Lean está poderá trazer benefícios futuros para a organização. Com ajuda de ferramentas, que emergem cada vez mais nas organizações, desenvolvemos um estudo de caso, a fim reforçar e intensificar a ideia do Lean Accounting, numa empresa do sector dos moldes em Portugal. A implementação no seu seio organizacional, foi demonstrada com sucesso e a organização bem como os responsáveis, tem uma visualização rápida, do desperdício em torno do tempo e movimentações.; The present work develops around the accounting for process improvements observed on a Portuguese Mould Industry. Based on a literature review is developing a series of ideas around the Lean, making a comparison between a traditional philosophy of management and Lean, and how it is could bring further benefits to the organization. In the central theme of the modeling of costs...

Contabilidade de gestão em empresas LEAN

Rosa, Ana Cristina Raposo
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.85%
Mestrado em Contabilidade; O lean accounting é um sistema que reúne vários métodos contabilísticos que deverão ser implementados em qualquer empresa que inicie um percurso lean. Estes métodos contabilísticos devem respeitar os cinco princípios lean: criar valor, analisar a cadeia de valor, optimizar o fluxo, a luta pela perfeição, a eliminação de todo o desperdício. A literatura defende que o sistema de custeio baseado na cadeia de valor é o método de valoração da produção mais adequado à filosofia lean e que todos os sistemas de custeio orientados para a produção em massa, são métodos desadequados. A avaliação de desempenho deve ser feita por célula de trabalho e por cadeia de valor e deve considerar medidas de carácter financeiro e operacional, orientadas para a estratégia da empresa. Uma gestão eficiente de custos orientada para a filosofia lean é conseguida através da aplicação conjunta do kaizen costing e do target costing. A tomada de decisão é baseada apenas nos réditos e custos relevantes para a cadeia de valor afectada. A apresentação dos resultados é feita por cadeia de valor, com apresentação separada de todos os custos que não podem ser directamente atribuídos a nenhuma cadeia de valor. O lean accounting é fundamental para evidenciar os reais resultados da implementação de uma ferramenta lean na empresa.; Lean accounting is a system which aggregates some accounting methods that should be implemented in any enterprise that begins a lean pathway. These methods should respect five lean principles: create value...

Lean enterprise resource planning

Ruivo, Pedro Miguel Fernandes
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
Dissertação apresentada na Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade Nova de Lisboa para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Engenharia e Gestão Industrial; This essay focus on Lean Management domain, following the ERP business application perspective linked with Lean Supply Chain, Lean Manufacturing and Lean Accounting, build on an electronic equipment manufacture company. Lean authors, consultants, managers and thinkers were studied to select and adopt the best Lean strategies taking in account the traditional business management ERP tool. The detected gaps were eliminated and/or reduced by developing solutions and adopting techniques based on Lean principles. Lean manufacturing practices were extended into the supply chain contributing now as a horizontal collaboration tool to all enterprise management functions,vendors and customers. Implementing Lean Accounting techniques allowed an increase of the stream value return, especially in terms of better capacity management capabilities,due decision make based also on non financial metrics. Due these Lean solutions, the company ERP system can be streamlined to perform the business shift and one of the most important enterprise assets can meet the strategic goals defined for Lean Enterprise Resource Planning. Therefore this assay proposes the implementation of this Lean strategy to turn into a lean company...

Lean management implementation: a decision making framework

Aurélio, Diogo
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.43%
Submitted to the graduate faculty Universidade Nova de Lisboa – Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master in Industrial Engineering; In this thesis the author proposes a thinking framework for decision makers considering the implementation of Lean Management methodologies in their industrial contex. The framework takes both internal and external context of each case into consderation. A logical order when considering Lean’s implementation is proposed, where strategic considerations should be taken first into consideration, and operational considerations after. Moreover, the framework proposes the power and leverage perspective on transactional exchange as the central factor to determine the strategic success of any implementation. Finally when it comes to operational considerations, a key thinking factor is taken into consideration, which is the potential penetration ability of Lean techniques according to the internal and external context. The framework is applied to a portuguese leading company in the molding industry that has already applied some Lean Management methodologies, which is Logoplaste. Results lead to conclusions that, not only Lean’s suitability varies according to context...

Association between body composition and blood pressure in a contemporary cohort of 9-year-old children

Brion, MA; Ness, AR; Smith, G Davey; Leary, SD
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.36%
Elevated blood pressure (BP) in children is an early risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is positively associated with body mass index (BMI). However, BMI does not distinguish between fat and lean masses, and the relationship of BP in children to different elements of body composition is not well established. BP, BMI and body composition were measured in 6863 children enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Fat mass, lean mass and trunk fat were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. After full adjustment for confounders, total body fat and BMI were positively associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) (β = 3.29, 95% confidence interval CI 3.02, 3.57 mm Hg/standard deviation (s.d.) and β = 3.97, 95% CI 3.73, 4.21 mm Hg/s.d., respectively) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (β = 1.26, 95% CI 1.05, 1.46 mm Hg/s.d. and β = 1.37, 95% CI 1.19, 1.54 mm Hg/s.d., respectively). SBP was also positively associated with lean mass (β = 3.38, 95% CI 2.95, 3.81 mm Hg/s.d.), and weakly associated with trunk fat (β = 1.42, 95% CI −0.06, 2.90 mm Hg/s.d., independent of total fat mass), which was robust in girls only. The association between lean mass and SBP remained even after accounting for fat mass. SBP in 9-year-old children is independently associated with fat mass and lean mass and...

In vivo activation of ROCK1 by insulin is impaired in skeletal muscle of humans with type 2 diabetes

Chun, Kwang-Hoon; Choi, Kang-Duk; Lee, Dae-Ho; Jung, YoonShin; Henry, Robert R.; Ciaraldi, Theodore P.; Kim, Young-Bum
Fonte: American Physiological Society Publicador: American Physiological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.36%
To determine whether serine/threonine ROCK1 is activated by insulin in vivo in humans and whether impaired activation of ROCK1 could play a role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, we measured the activity of ROCK1 and the protein content of the Rho family in vastus lateralis muscle of lean, obese nondiabetic, and obese type 2 diabetic subjects. Biopsies were taken after an overnight fast and after a 3-h hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. Insulin-stimulated GDR was reduced 38% in obese nondiabetic subjects compared with lean, 62% in obese diabetic subjects compared with lean, and 39% in obese diabetic compared with obese nondiabetic subjects (all comparisons P < 0.001). Insulin-stimulated IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation is impaired 41–48% in diabetic subjects compared with lean or obese subjects. Basal activity of ROCK1 was similar in all groups. Insulin increased ROCK1 activity 2.1-fold in lean and 1.7-fold in obese nondiabetic subjects in muscle. However, ROCK1 activity did not increase in response to insulin in muscle of obese type 2 diabetic subjects without change in ROCK1 protein levels. Importantly, insulin-stimulated ROCK1 activity was positively correlated with insulin-mediated GDR in lean subjects (P < 0.01) but not in obese or type 2 diabetic subjects. Moreover...

Regular insulin, rather than rapid‐acting insulin, is a suitable choice for premeal bolus insulin in lean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Kuroda, Akio; Kaneto, Hideaki; Kawashima, Satoshi; Sakamoto, Kenya; Takahara, Mitsuyoshi; Shiraiwa, Toshihiko; Yasuda, Tetsuyuki; Katakami, Naoto; Matsuoka, Taka‐aki; Shimomura, Iichiro; Matsuhisa, Munehide
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.13%
The aim of the present study was to compare the usefulness of premeal rapid‐acting and regular insulin in type 2 diabetes patients. A total of 56 type 2 diabetic patients were investigated during hospitalization. Premeal rapid‐acting insulin was applied instead of other medications. Premeal insulin was titrated to adjust premeal and bedtime blood glucose levels to 81–120 mg/dL. Premeal rapid‐acting insulin was changed to regular insulin just before a meal at the same dosage if the postmeal blood glucose level was lower than the premeal blood glucose level. A total of 15 patients changed to regular insulin, and 41 patients continued rapid‐acting insulin. The blood glucose level was comparable between these two groups. Body mass index was significantly lower in the patients using regular insulin. According to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, low body mass index was an independent variable accounting for the usefulness of regular insulin. Regular insulin, rather than rapid‐acting insulin, is a suitable choice for premeal insulin in lean type 2 diabetic patients.

Lean Tissue Imaging: A New Era for Nutritional Assessment and Intervention

Prado, Carla M. M.; Heymsfield, Steven B.
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.23%
Body composition refers to the amount of fat and lean tissues in our body; it is a science that looks beyond a unit of body weight, accounting for the proportion of different tissues and its relationship to health. Although body weight and body mass index are well-known indexes of health status, most researchers agree that they are rather inaccurate measures, especially for elderly individuals and those patients with specific clinical conditions. The emerging use of imaging techniques such as dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound imaging in the clinical setting have highlighted the importance of lean soft tissue (LST) as an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality. It is clear from emerging studies that body composition health will be vital in treatment decisions, prognostic outcomes, and quality of life in several nonclinical and clinical states. This review explores the methodologies and the emerging value of imaging techniques in the assessment of body composition, focusing on the value of LST to predict nutrition status.

Cutpoints for Low Appendicular Lean Mass That Identify Older Adults With Clinically Significant Weakness

Cawthon, Peggy M.; Peters, Katherine W.; Shardell, Michelle D.; McLean, Robert R.; Dam, Thuy-Tien L.; Kenny, Anne M.; Fragala, Maren S.; Harris, Tamara B.; Kiel, Douglas P.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Ferrucci, Luigi; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Vassileva, Maria T.;
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.42%
Background. Low lean mass is potentially clinically important in older persons, but criteria have not been empirically validated. As part of the FNIH (Foundation for the National Institutes of Health) Sarcopenia Project, this analysis sought to identify cutpoints in lean mass by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry that discriminate the presence or absence of weakness (defined in a previous report in the series as grip strength <26kg in men and <16kg in women). Methods. In pooled cross-sectional data stratified by sex (7,582 men and 3,688 women), classification and regression tree (CART) analysis was used to derive cutpoints for appendicular lean body mass (ALM) that best discriminated the presence or absence of weakness. Mixed-effects logistic regression was used to quantify the strength of the association between lean mass category and weakness. Results. In primary analyses, CART models identified cutpoints for low lean mass (ALM <19.75kg in men and <15.02kg in women). Sensitivity analyses using ALM divided by body mass index (BMI: ALMBMI) identified a secondary definition (ALMBMI <0.789 in men and ALMBMI <0.512 in women). As expected, after accounting for study and age, low lean mass (compared with higher lean mass) was associated with weakness by both the primary (men...

Burkina Faso Social Safety Nets

Cherrier, Cecile; del Ninno, Carlo; Razmara, Setareh
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.93%
This report provides an inventory of safety net programs in Burkina Faso and suggests policy measures that could increase their coverage, efficiency, and sustainability. It shows that the scope and coverage of the existing safety nets is too limited. Most interventions are small and temporary. On average, excluding subsidies, annual spending on safety nets constituted only 0.6 percent of GDP while about 20 percent of the population is food-insecure and chronically poor. Food transfers are the main safety net program, accounting for 69 percent of total spending and over 80 percent of all beneficiaries. Most of the financing for safety nets is external. The report recommends developing a safety net system that adequately responds to the needs of the poor.

Lean accounting: accounting contribution for lean management philosophy

Rosa, A.; Machado, M.
Fonte: UALg ESGHT Publicador: UALg ESGHT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.75%
The aim of this study is to perform a literature review on lean management philosophy, identifying its main points and checking compatibility between this philosophy and management accounting models, considered by the theory as more suitable. This paper’s more specific goals are the following: to identify which product valuation methods, and which performance assessment methods are more suitable for use with lean philosophy. For this purpose we reviewed scientific articles, related with lean accounting and published up to January of 2011. The results obtained allow us to conclude that regarding product valuation only value stream costing follows all lean principles. Product valuation using activity-based costing does not agree with the lean management goals. Performance assessment must be focused on three points: work cell, value streams, and visual management. Lean philosophy researchers are critical regarding Balanced Scorecard, but they are not however explicit about the incompatibilities between both philosophies.

Contabilidade de custos vs. contabilidade de ganhos: respostas às exigências da produção enxuta; Cost accounting vs. throughput accounting: answer to the lean production's demands

QUEIROZ, José Antonio de; RENTES, Antonio Freitas
Fonte: Universidade Federal de São Carlos Publicador: Universidade Federal de São Carlos
Tipo: Relatório
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
A produção enxuta tem provocado mudanças significativas nas empresas, mudanças estas que não vêm sendo acompanhadas pelos sistemas de gestão econômica, desenvolvidos sobre pressupostos equivocados da produção em massa que defendem que as otimizações locais isoladas resultam na otimização global da empresa. Deste modo, pode-se afirmar que a contabilidade de custos não é capaz de prover as informações necessárias à correta tomada de decisão nas empresas enxutas. Por outro lado, constata-se uma coerência entre os princípios da produção enxuta e os pressupostos que sustentam a contabilidade de ganhos da Teoria das Restrições. Sendo assim, o objetivo deste artigo é apresentar argumentos que respaldem estas afirmações, bem como justifiquem a necessidade da utilização da contabilidade de ganhos como base teórica para a proposta de um método de gestão econômica para a produção enxuta.; Lean production has provoked significant changes in companies. These changes have not being followed by the economic management systems, which are developed based on mistaken assumptions made by mass production which argues that isolated local optimizations can lead to the global optimization of the company. In this way...

Lean Manufacturing: propostas de melhoria numa unidade metalomecânica

Santos, José Fernando Mendes dos
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.23%
Este relatório apresenta os resultados da análise à produção de elementos genéricos em ferro e aço inox para o sector da construção. Esse sistema foi sujeito a uma caracterização quantitativa – medição e monitorização em tempo real de todos os passos necessários à realização dos bens solicitados pelo cliente, bem como a contabilização do espaço percorrido entre zonas de trabalho ao longo do processo. Pretendeu-se, primeiramente, estudar quais as actividades que acrescentam valor aos produtos e quais aquelas que não o fazem, de forma a estas poderem então ser eliminadas. Seguidamente, com base nos dados recolhidos no terreno, foram desenhados os Value Stream Mapping dos projectos, numa perspectiva de construção do cenário real, em termos de produtividade e eficiência na utilização dos recursos. Posteriormente, como consequência destas apreciações, e recorrendo ao princípios Lean dos 5 S’s, foram propostas algumas melhorias, sobretudo ao nível dos métodos e procedimentos utilizados na organização, por forma a tornar a organização mais eficiente e mais “magra”.; This report presents the results of an analysis performed on the production of generic elements in iron and stainless steel for the construction sector. These were subjected to a quantitative characterization - measurement and real-time monitoring of all steps necessary to attain the goods requested by the client...

Construyendo a Natural Delivery

Duque Vélez, Andrés Felipe
Fonte: Universidad EAFIT; Maestría en Administración - MBA; Escuela de Administración. Departamento de Organización y Gerencia Publicador: Universidad EAFIT; Maestría en Administración - MBA; Escuela de Administración. Departamento de Organización y Gerencia
Tipo: masterThesis; Tesis de Maestría; acceptedVersion
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.13%
Natural Delivery es una compañía creada por un grupo de jóvenes emprendedores de la Universidad EAFIT quienes identificaron en el mercado local de Medellín la oportunidad de replicar un modelo de negocio totalmente nuevo para la ciudad, pero exitoso en otras partes del mundo: Una propuesta de comida saludable a domicilio con la cual el consumidor puede comprar desde uno hasta 120 platos que le permiten llevar un estilo de vida saludable -- La propuesta de valor radica en una alimentación gourmet verdaderamente saludable, respaldada por un equipo de profesionales expertos en cocina y nutrición que preparan platos con estilo, usando ingredientes y métodos de cocción saludables, para luego entregarlos en un empaque totalmente novedoso, que bien puede merecer un premio mundial de diseño de empaques -- En este trabajo de grado se relata la historia que hay detrás de esta naciente compañía, la perspectiva de su gran potencial y los ajustes que ha sufrido el modelo de negocio para lograr adaptar las intenciones y las características de los referentes internacionales a la realidad de un mercado local muy diferente -- Se resaltan aquí aciertos y desaciertos y se plantean incluso propuestas de cara al futuro en la búsqueda de la generación de valor y sostenibilidad de esta iniciativa de emprendimiento -- El documento presenta una aplicación práctica de la metodología Lean Startup y de la descripción esquemática de los modelos de negocios del Lienzo propuesta por Osterwalder...

Employing Activity Based Costing and Management Practices within the Aerospace Industry: Sustaining the Drive for Lean. Boeing Commercial Airplane Group, Wichita Division/IAM, Wichita, Kansas, 1999 and 2000.

Cutcher-Gershenfeld, Joel; Paduano, Rocco; Barrett, Betty
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 282641 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.93%
ABCM is an accounting tool that can help companies recognize true costs and make critical choices. ABCM is designed to help firms shift their priorities from individual products to the overall manufacturing environment. BCAG is the world's largest manufacturer of commercial airplanes. It is crucial to move the corporate financial department from account role to that of business partner. The ABCM model organizes activities in terms of their relationship to final cost objects. Looking at two pilot studies, this case study shows the benefits that can be reaped from ABCM implementation. The IAM has supported the adoption of ABCM as a way to get at the true costs of production. There is caution, however, that ABCM is not a panacea.