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Antifungal effect of lavender honey against Candida albicans, Candida krusei and Cryptococcus neoformans

Estevinho, Leticia M.; Afonso, Sílvia Marlene Esteves; Feás, Xesús
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.56%
Monofloral lavender honey samples (n=30), were analyzed to test antifungal effect against Candida albicans, Candida krusei, and Cryptococcus neoformans. The specific growth rates (μ) showed that all the yeast growths were reduced in the presence of honey. The honey concentration (% w/v) that inhibited 10% of the yeasts growth (Xmin) ranged from 31.0% (C. albicans), 16.8% (C. krusei) and 23.0% (C. neoformans). A synthetic honey solution was also tested to determine antifungal activity attributable to sugars. The presence of synthetic honey in the C. krusei culture medium at concentrations above 58.0% (w/v) was established as Xmin, while C. albicans and C. neoformans were more resistant, since Xmin values were not reached over the ranged tested (10–60%, w/v). What the data suggests is that the component in the lavender honey responsible for the observed antifungal in vitro properties is not sugar based. Honey might be tapped as a natural resource to look for new medicines for the treatment of mycotic infections. This could be very useful, onsidering the increasing resistance of antifungals. It should be noticed that this is the first study concerning the effect of lavender honey on the growth of pathogenic yeasts.

Desenvolvimento de nanoemulsões à base de óleo de maracujá ('Passiflora edulis') e óleo essencial de lavanda ('Lavandula officinalis') e avaliação da atividade antiinflamatória tópica; Development of nanoemulsions containing passion fruit seed oil (Passiflora edulis) and lavender essential oil (Lavandula officinalis) and evaluation of its topical anti-inflammatory activity.

Camargo, Maria Fernanda Pires de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/05/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.71%
A nanotecnologia é um fenômeno que se aplica a praticamente todos os setores da ciência, sendo que na área cosmética o elevado investimento neste campo tem reforçado a idéia de que produtos nanotecnológicos proporcionam vantagens reais aos consumidores. A crescente exigência do consumidor e os avanços no conhecimento sobre obtenção e estabilidade dos sistemas dispersos viabilizam o desenvolvimento de veículos diferenciados como, por exemplo, nanoemulsões, que além da inerente estabilidade, apresentam aspecto sensorial agradável, alta capacidade de espalhabilidade e hidratação, além de poderem facilitar a penetração de ativos. Existem dois métodos de obtenção de nanoemulsões: os que empregam baixa ou alta energia de emulsificação. O uso de óleos vegetais em produtos cosméticos tem sido intensamente valorizado, baseando-se no conceito de que são seguros e biocompatíveis. O óleo de maracujá é extensamente empregado em formulações cosméticas e o óleo essencial de lavanda é citado na literatura pelo efeito cicatrizante e antiinflamatório, dentre outros. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo desenvolver nanoemulsões à base de óleo de maracujá e óleo essencial de lavanda nas concentrações de 1,0, 2...

Extração supercritica de plantas aromaticas e medicinais (Lavanda brasileira (Aloysia gratissima), Quebra pedra (Phyllanthus amarus) e Ginseng brasileiro (Pfaffia paniculata) : dados experimentais, composição e avaliação da atividade biologica; Supercritical extraction of aromatic and medicinal plants (Brazilian lavender (Aloysia gratissima), Quebra pedra (Phyllanthus amarus) and Brazilian ginseng (Pfaffia paniculata) : experimental data, composition and evaluation of activity biological

Danielle Cotta de Mello Nunes da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/06/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.83%
O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o rendimento global de extração, a atividade biológica e os perfis de composição de extratos de lavanda brasileira (Aloysia gratissima), quebra pedra (Phylanthus amarus) e ginseng brasileiro (Pfaffia paniculata), obtidos por extração supercrítica (SFE), hidrodestilação e por extração com solvente a baixa pressão (LPSE) utilizando metanol, etanol e hexano. A lavanda brasileira apresentou o rendimento global de extração (X0) variando entre 2,0 ± 0,1% e 4,0 ± 0,2% (b.u), sendo que o maior rendimento de extrato foi obtido na condição de operação de 50 °C e 300 bar (4,0 ± 0,2%). O rendimento do óleo volátil de lavanda brasileira obtido por hidrodestilação foi de 1,2 ± 0,1%. Os rendimentos dos extratos obtidos por extração a baixa pressão foram: 9,4 ± 0,1% (metanol), 3,3 ± 0,2% (etanol) e 0,8 ± 0,2 %(hexano). Os compostos majoritários presentes no óleo volátil e no extrato SFE de lavanda brasileira foram pinocanfona (13,5 - 16,3%), ?-pineno (10,5 - 12%) e pinocarvil acetato (7,3 - 8,3%), guaiol (6,6 - 8,7%) e bulnesol (3,7 - 4,1%). No óleo volátil a concentração referente a 40% de redução do radical DPPH (Sc40 (óleo 1) (1,8 ± 0,1) × 103 mg/L)) e no extrato SFE a concentração referente a 50% de redução do radical DPPH (Sc50 (SFE) (1...

Lavender inflorescence: A model to study regulation of terpenes synthesis

Guitton, Yann; Nicolè, Florence; Moja, Sandrine; Benabdelkader, Tarek; Valot, Nadine; Legrand, Sylvain; Jullien, Frédéric; Legendre, Laurent
Fonte: Landes Bioscience Publicador: Landes Bioscience
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.44%
We analyzed VOC composition of complete inflorescences and single flowers of lavender during the flowering period. Our analyses, focused on the 20 most abundant terpenes, showed that three groups of components could be separated according to their patterns of variation during inflorescence ontogeny. These three groups were associated with three developmental stages: flower in bud, flower in bloom and faded flower. The expression of two terpene synthases (TPS) was followed using qPCR during inflorescence ontogeny. A comparison of these chemical and molecular analyses suggested that VOC production in lavender spike is mainly regulated at the transcriptional level. These results highlighted that lavender could be a model plant for future investigations on terpene biosynthesis and regulation, and could be used to explore the functions of terpene metabolites.

The Effect of Lavender Aromatherapy on Autonomic Nervous System in Midlife Women with Insomnia

Chien, Li-Wei; Cheng, Su Li; Liu, Chi Feng
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.65%
The objective of this study is to determine the effects of 12 weeks of lavender aromatherapy on self-reported sleep and heart rate variability (HRV) in the midlife women with insomnia. Sixty-seven women aged 45–55 years, with a CPSQI (Chinese version of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) greater than 5, were recruited from communities in Taiwan. The experimental group (n = 34) received lavender inhalation, 20 min each time, twice per week, for 12 weeks, with a total of 24 times. The control group (n = 33) received health education program for sleep hygiene with no intervention. The study of HRV was analyzed by time- and frequency-domain methods. Significant decrease in mean heart rate (HR) and increases in SDNN (standard deviation of the normal-to-normal (NN) intervals), RMSDD (square root of the mean squared differences of successive NN intervals), and HF (high frequency) of spectral powers analysis after lavender inhalation were observed in the 4th and 12th weeks of aromatherapy. The total CPSQI score of study subjects was significantly decreased in the experimental group (P < 0.001), while no significant difference was observed across the same time period (P = 0.776) in the control group. Resting HR and HRV measurements at baseline 1 month and 3 months after allocation showed no significant difference between the experimental and control groups. The study demonstrated that lavender inhalation may have a persistent short-term effect on HRV with an increase in parasympathetic modulation. Women receiving aromatherapy experienced a significant improvement in sleep quality after intervention. However...

Antifungal effect of lavender honey against Candida albicans, Candida krusei and Cryptococcus neoformans

Estevinho, Maria Leticia; Afonso, Sílvia Esteves; Feás, Xesús
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.44%
Monofloral lavender honey samples (n = 30), were analyzed to test antifungal effect against Candida albicans, Candida krusei, and Cryptococcus neoformans. The specific growth rates (μ) showed that all the yeast growths were reduced in the presence of honey. The honey concentration (% w/v) that inhibited 10% of the yeasts growth (Xmin) ranged from 31.0% (C. albicans), 16.8% (C. krusei) and 23.0% (C. neoformans). A synthetic honey solution was also tested to determine antifungal activity attributable to sugars. The presence of synthetic honey in the C. krusei culture medium at concentrations above 58.0% (w/v) was established as Xmin, while C. albicans and C. neoformans were more resistant, since Xmin values were not reached over the ranged tested (10–60%, w/v). What the data suggests is that the component in the lavender honey responsible for the observed antifungal in vitro properties is not sugar based. Honey might be tapped as a natural resource to look for new medicines for the treatment of mycotic infections. This could be very useful, onsidering the increasing resistance of antifungals. It should be noticed that this is the first study concerning the effect of lavender honey on the growth of pathogenic yeasts.

Lavender and the Nervous System

Koulivand, Peir Hossein; Khaleghi Ghadiri, Maryam; Gorji, Ali
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.65%
Lavender is traditionally alleged to have a variety of therapeutic and curative properties, ranging from inducing relaxation to treating parasitic infections, burns, insect bites, and spasm. There is growing evidence suggesting that lavender oil may be an effective medicament in treatment of several neurological disorders. Several animal and human investigations suggest anxiolytic, mood stabilizer, sedative, analgesic, and anticonvulsive and neuroprotective properties for lavender. These studies raised the possibility of revival of lavender therapeutic efficacy in neurological disorders. In this paper, a survey on current experimental and clinical state of knowledge about the effect of lavender on the nervous system is given.

Lavender Oil-Potent Anxiolytic Properties via Modulating Voltage Dependent Calcium Channels

Schuwald, Anita M.; Nöldner, Michael; Wilmes, Thomas; Klugbauer, Norbert; Leuner, Kristina; Müller, Walter E.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/04/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.8%
Recent clinical data support the clinical use of oral lavender oil in patients suffering from subsyndromal anxiety. We identified the molecular mechanism of action that will alter the perception of lavender oil as a nonspecific ingredient of aromatherapy to a potent anxiolytic inhibiting voltage dependent calcium channels (VOCCs) as highly selective drug target. In contrast to previous publications where exorbitant high concentrations were used, the effects of lavender oil in behavioral, biochemical, and electrophysiological experiments were investigated in physiological concentrations in the nanomolar range, which correlate to a single dosage of 80 mg/d in humans that was used in clinical trials. We show for the first time that lavender oil bears some similarities with the established anxiolytic pregabalin. Lavender oil inhibits VOCCs in synaptosomes, primary hippocampal neurons and stably overexpressing cell lines in the same range such as pregabalin. Interestingly, Silexan does not primarily bind to P/Q type calcium channels such as pregabalin and does not interact with the binding site of pregabalin, the α2δ subunit of VOCCs. Lavender oil reduces non-selectively the calcium influx through several different types of VOCCs such as the N-type...

A Comparison Study of Growth Factor Expression following Treatment with Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, Saline Solution, Povidone-Iodine, and Lavender Oil in Wounds Healing

Koca Kutlu, Adalet; Çeçen, Dilek; Gürgen, Seren Gülşen; Sayın, Oya; Çetin, Ferihan
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.44%
This study compared the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), saline solution (SS), povidone-iodine (PI), and lavender oil (Lavandula angustifolia) through expression of growth factors in a rat model of wound healing. Six experimental groups were established, each containing 8 rats: a healthy group with no incision wounds, an incision-control group, an incision and TENS group, an incision and SS group, an incision and PI group, and an incision and lavender oil group. Experiments continued for 5 days, after which the skin in the excision area was removed. Tissue concentrations of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Tissue expressions of EGF, PDGF-A, and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 were determined using immunohistochemistry. Wound closure progressed more rapidly in the TENS and lavender oil groups than in the control and other study groups. In particular, PDGF-A expressions in the dermis and EGF expression in the epidermis were significantly intense in the TENS group (P < 0.05). In addition, ELISA levels of growth factors such as PDGF-A and EGF were significantly higher in TENS group compared to the control group (P < 0.05). These immunohistochemical and ELISA results suggest that TENS may improve wound healing through increasing growth factors in the dermis and epidermis more than other topical applications.

Inhaled Lavender Effect on Anxiety and Pain Caused From Intrauterine Device Insertion

Shahnazi, Mahnaz; Nikjoo, Roya; Yavarikia, Parisa; Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Sakineh
Fonte: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 28/11/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.27%
Introduction: Intrauterine device (IUD) is the most common reliable, effective and reversible contraceptive method used worldwide and in areas with high growth rate is of particular importance. IUD insertion is associated with high anxiety in most people that causes pain and discomfort. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of aromatherapy on anxiety and pain caused by IUD insertion. Methods: This study was conducted on 106 women in a health care center located in Ardebil, Iran. Participants were divided into two groups by randomized blocks of 4 and 6. In the experimental group lavender scent was inhaled and in the control group the placebo was inhaled 30 minutes before IUD insertion. The anxiety of the participants was measured by Spielberger questionnaire, and the pain of IUD insertion was measured immediately after the insertion using visual analog scale (range 0-10). Results: The mean score (standard deviation) of anxiety before intervention was 43.2 (9.2) in the experimental group that decreased after intervention to 39.0 (10.5) (p < 0.001), while this score was 42.2 (9.0) and 41.5 (8.4) before and after the intervention in the control group (p = 0.21). Mean differences of anxiety in both groups was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The pain score after intervention did not show significant difference between two groups (p = 0.51). Conclusion: Aromatherapy with lavender inhalation was effective in decreasing anxiety in IUD procedure...

Effects of Inhalation of Lavender Essential Oil on Open-heart Surgery Pain

Salamati, Armaiti; Mashouf, Soheyla; Sahbaei, Faezeh; Mojab, Faraz
Fonte: Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.56%
This study evaluated the effects of inhalation of lavender essential oil on the pain of open-heart surgery. The main complaint of patients after open-heart surgery is chest pain. Due to the side effects of opioids, it is important to use a non-invasive way to effectively relieve pain including aromatherapy with analgesics. This study was a clinical single-blind trial and was conducted on 40 patients who had open-heart surgery in the cardiac ICU of 2 Hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 2012. Criteria included: full consciousness, spontaneous breathing ability and not using synthetic opioids within 2 hours before extubation. After extubation, the patients were asked to mark the intensity of their pain using the visual analogue scale. Then, a cotton swab which was impregnated with 2 drops of lavender essential oil 2% was placed in their oxygen mask, and they got breath for 10 minutes. 30 minutes after aromatherapy, they were asked to re-mark their pain intensity. The level of patient’s pain before and after aroma therapy were compared. The pain mean level before and after inhaling lavender essential oil was 5.60 (SD = 2.262) and 4.98 (SD = 2.293), respectively (p-value>0.05). Therefore, there is no significant difference and the result of study proves that lavender essential oil inhalation has no effect on reducing the pain of open-heart surgery.

A question of scent: lavender aroma promotes interpersonal trust

Sellaro, Roberta; van Dijk, Wilco W.; Paccani, Claudia Rossi; Hommel, Bernhard; Colzato, Lorenza S.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.44%
A previous study has shown that the degree of trust into others might be biased by inducing either a more “inclusive” or a more “exclusive” cognitive-control mode. Here, we investigated whether the degree of interpersonal trust can be biased by environmental factors, such as odors, that are likely to impact cognitive-control states. Arousing olfactory fragrances (e.g., peppermint) are supposed to induce a more exclusive, and calming olfactory fragrances (e.g., lavender) a more inclusive state. Participants performed the Trust Game, which provides an index of interpersonal trust by assessing the money units one participant (the trustor) transfers to another participant (the trustee), while being exposed to either peppermint or lavender aroma. All participants played the role of trustor. As expected, participants transferred significantly more money to the alleged trustee in the lavender as compared to the peppermint and control (no aroma) conditions. This observation might have various serious implications for a broad range of situations in which interpersonal trust is an essential element, such as cooperation (e.g., mixed-motives situations), bargaining and negotiation, consumer behavior, and group performance.

Effect of Lavender Cream with or without Foot-bath on Anxiety, Stress and Depression in Pregnancy: a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial

Effati-Daryani, Fatemeh; Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Sakineh; Mirghafourvand, Mojgan; Taghizadeh, Mohsen; Mohammadi, Azam
Fonte: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.76%
Introduction: Psychological disorders are associated with maternal and neonatal morbidities. We aimed to evaluate the effect of Lavender cream with or without foot-bath on depression, anxiety and stress of pregnant women. Methods: In this trial, 141 women at 25 to 28 weeks gestation were randomly assigned into three groups (47 at each group); receiving Lavender cream with foot-bath, only Lavender cream, or placebo, 2g every night for two months. Depression, anxiety and stress were assessed at baseline, and 4th and 8th weeks after intervention, using DASS-21. General linear model was used to compare the groups. Results: There were three losses to follow-up at the 4th and one more at the 8th week. Scores of all three outcomes in both Lavender and foot-bath and only Lavender groups were significantly lower than those in the placebo group at the 8th week; adjusted difference of depression score -3.3, 95% confidence interval -4.6 to -1.9;-2.4, -3.7 to -1.0, respectively, anxiety score -1.4, -2.6 to -0.2; -1.7,-2.9 to -0.5 and stress score -3.1, -4.7 to -1.5; -2.7, -4.3 to -1.1. At the 4th week, only score of anxiety in the lavender group (-2.3, -3.9 to -0.8) and stress in the both groups (-2.3, -4.1 to -0.5; -1.9, -3.7 to -0.1) were significantly less than those in the placebo group. There were not statistically significant differences between the two experimental groups in terms of the outcomes. Conclusion: Lavender cream with foot-bath or alone can be used for pregnant women for reducing their stress...

Unraveling the Rat Intestine, Spleen and Liver Genome-Wide Transcriptome after the Oral Administration of Lavender Oil by a Two-Color Dye-Swap DNA Microarray Approach

Kubo, Hiroko; Shibato, Junko; Saito, Tomomi; Ogawa, Tetsuo; Rakwal, Randeep; Shioda, Seiji
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/07/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.27%
The use of lavender oil (LO) – a commonly, used oil in aromatherapy, with well-defined volatile components linalool and linalyl acetate – in non-traditional medicine is increasing globally. To understand and demonstrate the potential positive effects of LO on the body, we have established an animal model in this current study, investigating the orally administered LO effects genome wide in the rat small intestine, spleen, and liver. The rats were administered LO at 5 mg/kg (usual therapeutic dose in humans) followed by the screening of differentially expressed genes in the tissues, using a 4×44-K whole-genome rat chip (Agilent microarray platform; Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA, USA) in conjunction with a dye-swap approach, a novelty of this study. Fourteen days after LO treatment and compared with a control group (sham), a total of 156 and 154 up (≧ 1.5-fold)- and down (≦ 0.75-fold)-regulated genes, 174 and 66 up- (≧ 1.5-fold)- and down (≦ 0.75-fold)-regulated genes, and 222 and 322 up- (≧ 1.5-fold)- and down (≦ 0.75-fold)-regulated genes showed differential expression at the mRNA level in the small intestine, spleen and liver, respectively. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) validation of highly up- and down-regulated genes confirmed the regulation of the Papd4...

Antioxidant, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of lavender essential oil

SILVA,GABRIELA L. DA; LUFT,CAROLINA; LUNARDELLI,ADROALDO; AMARAL,ROBSON H.; MELO,DENIZAR A. DA SILVA; DONADIO,MÁRCIO V.F.; NUNES,FERNANDA B.; AZAMBUJA,MARCOS S. DE; SANTANA,JOÃO C.; MORAES,CRISTINA M.B.; MELLO,RICARDO O.; CASSEL,EDUARDO; PEREIRA,MARCOS
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.44%
Several studies have investigated the antinociceptive, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties of compounds found in the lavender essential oil (LEO), however to date, there is still lack of substantial data. The objective of this study was to assess the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of lavender essential oil. The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical decolorization assay was used for antioxidant activity evaluation. The anti-inflammatory activity was tested using two models of acute inflammation: carrageenan-induced pleurisy and croton oil-induced ear edema. The antinociceptive activity was tested using the pain model induced by formalin. LEO has antioxidant activity, which is dose-dependent response. The inflammatory response evoked by carrageenan and by croton oil was reduced through the pre-treatment of animals with LEO. In the pleurisy model, the drug used as positive control, dexamethasone, was more efficacious. However, in the ear swelling, the antiedematogenic effect of the oil was similar to that observed for dexamethasone. In the formalin test, LEO consistently inhibited spontaneous nociception and presented a similar effect to that of tramadol. The results of this study reveal (in vivo) the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of LEO and demonstrates its important therapeutic potential.

Sistemas agrícolas e adubação na biomassa e óleo essencial de lavanda (Lavandula dentata L.); Crop systems and fertilization on lavender (Lavandula detata L.) biomass and essential oil

Silva, Sérgio Macedo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.71%
A lavanda é cultivada comercialmente para produção de óleo essencial para obtenção de diversos produtos da perfumaria e aromaterapia. No caso de espécies aromáticas, a presença de monoterpenos oxigenados pode garantir propriedades medicinais e ações terapêuticas aos óleos essenciais. Por outro lado, o conteúdo e a composição química do óleo essencial que depende de diferentes fatores, como: clima, origem geográfica, época de colheita e estado nutricional, que podem afetar significativamente a qualidade e a quantidade da produção. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência de adubos orgânicos e organominerais associados ao cultivo protegido para biomassa e óleo essencial de lavanda (Lavandula dentata L.). Foram realizados dois experimentos, nos anos de 2012 e 2013 nas condições ambientais de Uberlândia, MG. O primeiro experimento foi em delineamento de blocos casualizados, em parcela subdividida, com cinco repetições, testando nas parcelas dois sistemas de cultivo (estufa agrícola e campo) e nas subparcelas dois tipos de fertilizantes (mineral e orgânico). Foi feita apenas uma colheita de folhas e flores de lavanda. O segundo experimento também foi em blocos casualizados, em esquema de parcela subdividida...

Antifungal Effect of Lavender Essential Oil (Lavandula angustifolia) and Clotrimazole on Candida albicans: An In Vitro Study

Behmanesh, Fereshteh; Pasha, Hajar; Sefidgar, Ali Asghar; Taghizadeh, Mohsen; Moghadamnia, Ali Akbar; Adib Rad, Hajar; Shirkhani, Leyla
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.71%
Background. The treatment of candidiasis infections is an important problem in the health care system. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro effect of lavender essential oil and clotrimazole on isolated C. albicans from vaginal candidiasis. Materials and Methods. In this clinical trial, C. albicans isolated from the vaginal discharge samples was obtained. Results. The pairwise comparison showed that lavender and clotrimazole had a significant difference; this difference in the lavender group was lower than clotrimazole. But, after 48 hours, there was no difference seen between groups. There was a significant difference between clotrimazole and DMSO groups. Comparing the changes between groups based on the same dilution, at 24 h and 48 h in clotrimazole group, showed a significant difference two times in the fungal cell count that its average during 48 h was less than 24 h. A significant difference was observed between the two periods in lavender group, only at the dilutions of 1/20 and 1/80. The average fungal cell count after 48 h was also lower in lavender group. Conclusions. Given that the lavender has antifungal activity, this can be used as an antifungal agent. However, more clinical studies are necessary to validate its use in candida infection.

Contrasting Physiological Responses of Dwarf Sea-Lavender and Marguerite to Simulated Sea Aerosol Deposition

Sánchez-Blanco, María Jesús; Rodríguez, Pedro; Morales, María Angeles; Torrecillas Melendreras, Arturo
Fonte: American Society of Agronomy Publicador: American Society of Agronomy
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 579917 bytes; image/jpeg
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.56%
Technical reports.-- Plant and Environment Interactions; Plants of two wild native species from littoral areas, marguerite [Argyranthemum coronopifolium (Willd.) C.J. Humphries] and dwarf sea-lavender [Limonium pectinatum (Aiton) O. Kuntze], grown in an unheated plastic greenhouse, were sprayed 2 to 3 min per day over a 7-d period with different aqueous solutions containing (i) an anionic surfactant (S1); (ii) a solution simulating the composition of sea aerosol (S2); (iii) a solution simulating sea aerosol with anionic surfactant (S3), and (iv) deionized water alone (control). The plant resistance to sea aerosol and the ability to recover from treatments were studied. By the end of the spraying period, marguerite showed a significant reduction in growth compared with control. However, most of the growth parameters were significantly unaffected in dwarf sea-lavender when plants were treated with sea aerosol containing surfactant. Measurements of water relations variables in marguerite showed a slight decrease in leaf turgor potential after spraying with sea aerosol containing surfactant. The surfactant enhanced the foliar absorption of salt in marguerite plants, inducing reductions in leaf stomatal conductance and causing such damage in the photosynthetic apparatus that the level of net photosynthesis decreased and had not recovered by the end of the experiment. The treatments had no effect on leaf stomatal conductance and photosynthesis rate in dwarf sea-lavender plants. The response of the species studied to sea aerosol was related to the degree of salinity tolerance. Although both species are wild native plants from littoral areas...

Allelopathic effect of melissa, lemongrass, lavender and rosemary on germination and vigor of lettuce seeds; Efeito alelopático de melissa, capim-cidreira, lavanda e alecrim na germinação e vigor de sementes de alface

Teixeira, Daniela Aparecida; UNESP-Campus Botucatu; Bonfim, Filipe Pereira Giardini; UNESP/FCA- Botucatu
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/09/2014 POR
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2014v27n4p37The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of four herbal plants on the germination and vigor of lettuce seeds, using aqueous preparations and teas of Melissa officinalis L. (melissa), Rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary), Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (lavender) and Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. (lemongrass). A randomized complete block design was used with 9 treatments and 4 repetitions. The treatments were: melissa tea, melissa aqueous preparation, rosemary tea, rosemary aqueous preparation, lavender tea, lavender aqueous preparation, lemongrass tea, lemongrass aqueous preparation and control. The variables evaluated were: germination speed index, percentage of abnormal plants, percentage of germinated plants, fresh matter, dry matter, shoot length and radicle length. Lemongrass showed negative allelopathic effects on germination and vigor of L. sativa L. Melissa tea had a stimulatory effect.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2014v27n4p37Objetivou-se, neste estudo, avaliar a influência na germinação e vigor de sementes de alface (Lactuca sativa L.) de macerados e infusões de Melissa officinalis L. (melissa), Rosmarinus officinalis L. (alecrim), Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (lavanda) e Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. (capim-cidreira). O delineamento estatístico utilizado foi inteiramente casualizado...

The Mexican roots of the Indian lavender tree

Becerra,Judith X.; Noge,Koji
Fonte: Instituto de Ecología A.C., Centro Regional del Bajío Publicador: Instituto de Ecología A.C., Centro Regional del Bajío
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2010 EN
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The tree known as Indian lavender (Bursera delpechiana, Burseraceae) is a source of linalool. it was introduced to India from Mexico at the beginning of the 20th century for the exploitation of its essential oil. Its origin from Mexico was not well understood because the name B. delpechiana has been taxonomically obsolete for many years. We used molecular, phylogenetic, and chemical data to determine which currently recognized species it belongs to. This evidence regarding the Indian Lavender Tree's identity all points to the Mexican species, Bursera linanoe. Our chemical analysis also revealed that linalyl acetate is the primary constituent of Indian Lavender oil as well as of Mexican B. linanoe rather than linalool as previously believed.