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Corrosion behavior of Ti-xNb-13Zr alloys in Ringer`s solution

ROBIN, A.; CARVALHO, O. A. S.; Schneider, Sandra Giacomin; Schneider, Sérgio
Fonte: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH Publicador: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.7%
Ti-6Al-4V alloy has been widely used in restorative surgery due to its high corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. Nevertheless, some studies showed that V and Al release in the organism might induce cytotoxic effects and neurological disorders, which led to the development of V-free alloys and both V- and Al-free alloys containing Nb, Zr, Ta, or Mo. Among these alloys, Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy is promising due to its better biomechanical compatibility than Ti-6Al-4V. In this work, the corrosion behavior of Ti, Ti-6Al-4V, and Ti-xNb-13Zr alloys (x=5, 13, and 20) was evaluated in Ringer`s solution (pH 7.5) at 37 degrees C through open-circuit potential measurements, potentiodynamic polarization, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Spontaneous passivity was observed for all materials in this medium. Low corrosion current densities (in the order of 10(-7) A/cm(2)) and high impedance values (in the order of 10(5) Omega cm(2) at low frequencies) indicated their high corrosion resistance. EIS results showed that the passivating films were constituted of an outer porous layer (very low resistance) and an inner compact layer (high resistance), the latter providing the corrosion resistance of the materials. There was evidence that the Ti-xNb-13Zr alloys were more corrosion resistant than both Ti and Ti-6Al-4V in Ringer`s solution.; CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento e Pesquisa-Brazil); PIBIC

Efeito erosivo de medicamentos pediátricos de uso prolongado no esmalte de dentes decíduos; Erosive effect of pediatric long-term relief medications on primary enamel

Scatena, Camila
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/06/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito in vitro de três medicamentos líquidos orais pediátricos de uso prolongado no esmalte de dentes decíduos. Sessenta incisivos superiores decíduos hígidos, recentemente esfoliados, foram seccionados de forma a expor a superfície vestibular e foram fixados em bases acrílicas. As superfícies foram polidas e os conjuntos dente/base acrílica foram impermeabilizados com duas camadas de esmalte cosmético para unhas, deixando exposta uma área de 2 mm² na superfície vestibular, na qual as medidas de Microdureza Superficial Knoop foram realizadas (25 gf, 30 s e 3 penetrações). Os espécimes foram divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos (n=15) de acordo com os medicamentos empregados (Guaifenesina- Xarope Vick®-Mel; Sulfato Ferroso- Sulferrol®; Sulfato de Salbutamol) e o grupo controle (Saliva Artificial). Os ciclos de imersão foram realizados durante um período de 28 dias, sob leve agitação por 1 min, 3 vezes ao dia, com 6 horas de intervalo, quando espécimes eram mantidos em saliva artificial. As medidas de microdureza superficial foram realizadas após 7, 14, 21 e 28 dias e os dados obtidos foram estatisticamente analisados. A Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura foi realizada em 20 espécimes...

Hardness of heat-polymerized acrylic resins after disinfection and long-term water immersion

Neppelenbroek, K. H.; Pavarina, A. C.; Vergani, Carlos Eduardo; Giampaolo, E. T.
Fonte: Mosby, Inc Publicador: Mosby, Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 171-176
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
Statement of the problem. In selecting a disinfectant for dental prostheses, compatibility between the disinfectant and the type of denture base material must be considered to avoid adverse effects on the hardness of the acrylic resin.Purpose. This study investigated the hardness of 2 denture base resins after disinfection and long-term water immersion.Material and methods. Thirty-two disk-shaped specimens (13 mm in diameter and 8 mm thick) were fabricated from each resin (Lucitone 550 and QC-20), polished, stored in water at 37degreesC for 48 hours, and submitted to hardness tests (Vickers hardness number [VHN]) before disinfection. Disinfection methods included scrubbing with 4% chlorhexidine gluconate for 1 minute, immersion for 10 minutes in I of the tested disinfectant Solutions (n=8) (3.78% sodium perborate, 4% chlorhexidine gluconate, or 1% sodium hypochorite), and immersion in water for 3 minutes. The disinfection procedures were repeated 4 times, and 12 hardness measurements were made on each specimen. Control specimens (not disinfected) were stored in water for 56 minutes. Hardness tests (VHN) were also performed after 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 days of storage in water. Statistical analyses of data were conducted with a repeated measures 3-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post-hoc test (alpha=.05).Results. Mean values +/- SD for Lucitone 550 (16.52 +/- 0.94 VHN) and QC-20 (9.61 +/- 0.62 VHN) demonstrated a significant (P<.05) decrease in hardness after disinfection...

The effect of long-term disinfection procedures on hardness property of resin denture teeth

Campanha, Nara Hellen; Pavarina, Ana Claudia; Jorge, Janaina Habib; Vergani, Carlos Eduardo; Machado, Ana Lucia; Giampaolo, Eunice Teresinha
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: E571-E576
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 03/06938-9; Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of long-term disinfection procedures on the Vickers hardness (VHN) of acrylic resin denture teeth.Material and methods: Five acrylic resin denture teeth (Vipi Dent Plus-V, Trilux-T, Biolux-B, Postaris-P and Artiplus-A) and one composite resin denture teeth (SR-Orthosit-O) were embedded in heat-polymerised acrylic resin within polyvinylchloride tubes. Specimens were stored in distilled water at 37 degrees C for 48 h. Measurements of hardness were taken after the following disinfection procedures: immersion for 7 days in 4% chlorhexidine gluconate or in 1% sodium hypochlorite (CIm and HIm group, respectively) and seven daily cycles of microwave sterilisation at 650 W for 6 min (MwS group). In the WIm group, specimens were maintained in water during the time used to perform the disinfection procedures (7 days). Data were analysed with ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni procedure (alpha = 0.01).Results: Microwave disinfection decreased the hardness of all acrylic resin denture teeth (p < 0.001). Immersion for 7 days in 4% chlorhexidine gluconate or distilled water had significant effect on the hardness of the acrylic resin denture teeth A (p < 0.01)...

Effect of long-term water immersion on the fracture toughness of denture base and reline resins

Finoti, Livia Sertori; Machado, Ana Lucia; Lima Chaves, Carolina de Andrade; Pavarina, Ana Claudia; Vergani, Carlos Eduardo
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: E858-E864
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); purpose: This study evaluated the fracture toughness (FT) of one denture base (Lucitone 550 - L) and four hard reline resins [Ufi Gel Hard (UH), Tokuyama Rebase II (TR), New Truliner (NT) and Kooliner (K)], and the effect of long-term water storage on this property.Materials and methods: Forty specimens (40 x 8 x 4 mm) of each material were made, and FT was assessed after polymerisation (control of reliners), after 48 +/- 2 h in water at 37 degrees C (control of denture base resin) and after storage in water at 37 degrees C for 7, 90 or 180 days (all materials). Data (MPa. m(1/2)) were analysed by two-way ANOVA and Games-Howell test (p = 0.05).Results: Resin L exhibited the highest FT mean values. After 180 days of storage, FT mean values of L (3.37), UH (1.53) and K (1.20) were higher than those of the other periods. FT mean values of NT decreased from control (1.63) to 7 days (1.30) and then remained constant. FT mean values of TR (1.13) were similar in all periods of analysis.Conclusion: The denture base resin L showed higher FT mean values than the reline resins. Long-term water storage increased the FT of L, UH and K, reduced the FT of NT and did not influence the FT of TR.

Are new TiNbZr alloys potential substitutes of the Ti6Al4V alloy for dental applications? An electrochemical corrosion study

Roselino Ribeiro, Ana Lucia; Hammer, Peter; Vaz, Luis Geraldo; Rocha, Luis Augusto
Fonte: Iop Publishing Ltd Publicador: Iop Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 11
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.83%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); The main aim of this work was to assess the electrochemical behavior of new Ti35Nb5Zr and Ti35Nb10Zr alloys in artificial saliva at 37 degrees C to verify if they are indicated to be used as biomaterials in dentistry as alternatives to Ti6Al4V alloys in terms of corrosion protection efficiency of the material. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) experiments were carried out for different periods of time (0.5-216 h) in a three-electrode cell, where the working electrode (Ti alloys) was exposed to artificial saliva at 37 degrees C. The near-surface region of the alloys was investigated using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). All alloys exhibited an increase in corrosion potential with the immersion time, indicating the growth and stabilization of the passive film. Ti35Nb5Zr and Ti6Al4V alloys had their EIS results interpreted by a double-layer circuit, while the Ti35Nb10Zr alloy was modeled by a one-layer circuit. In general, the new TiNbZr alloys showed similar behavior to that observed for the Ti6Al4V. XPS results suggest, in the case of the TiNbZr alloys, the presence of a thicker passive layer containing a lower fraction of TiO2 phase than that of Ti6Al4V. After long-term immersion...

Corrosão e propriedades mecânicas de tração e fadiga da liga de alumínio 7050-T73651; Corrosion and mechanical properties tensile and fatigue of aluminum alloy 7050-T73651 in ethanol fuel

Edison Almeida Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/04/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
Existe uma tendência promissora para uso de ligas à base de alumínio na indústria automotiva considerando vantagens relacionadas às características deste tipo de material. Entretanto, é necessário estudos para obter dados que permitam verificar a suscetibilidade desse material ao processo de corrosão, ao interagir com os diversos tipos de combustíveis que hoje são utilizados. Este trabalho visou estudar a corrosão da liga de alumínio 7050-T73651 em etanol combustível, enfatizando possíveis influências da corrosão nas propriedades mecânicas tração e fadiga da liga e estabelecer alternativas metodológicas para futuros estudos desta natureza. Foram realizados ensaios de imersão a longo prazo de amostras sob tensão e não tensionadas, para avaliação de perda de massa, que também foram acompanhadas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura e concomitantemente, corpos de prova foram submetidos a ensaios de tração e fadiga após exposição ao meio corrosivo. Os resultados mostraram perda de massa significativa associada à ação corrosiva do meio e densidades de correntes de corrosão que sugerem uma cinética de corrosão diferenciada a partir de 2160 horas de imersão para as duas condições estabelecidas. Imagens obtidas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) mostraram formação de pites já nas primeiras 240 horas de imersão...

Long-term bond strength, degree of conversion and resistance to degradation of a HEMA-free model adhesive

Collares,Fabrício Mezzomo; Leitune,Vicente Castelo Branco; Portella,Fernando Freitas; Ogliari,Fabrício Aulo; Samuel,Susana Maria Werner
Fonte: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP Publicador: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
Aim: To evaluate the long-term bond strength, degree of conversion and resistance to degradation in ethanol of HEMA-containing and HEMA-free model adhesive resins of a three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system. Methods: The superficial dentin of 16 bovine incisor teeth was exposed, and the teeth were divided in two groups according to the HEMA concentration in the experimental adhesive (0% and 15%). In each tooth were made 6 cylindrical composite restorations. Half of the tooth restorations were submitted to microshear bond strength test after 24 h and the other half after 6 months. Degree of conversion of experimental resins was determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Crosslink density was indirectly determined by the Knoop hardness of five specimens per group before and after immersion in ethanol for 6 h. Results: The group with 0% HEMA showed no difference in bond strength as compared to the group with 15% HEMA after 24 h or 6 months. There was no difference in degree of conversion and crosslink density between groups. Conclusions: HEMA content of the adhesive resin did not influence the bond strength to dentin...

Effects of Salinity and Temperature on Long-Term Survival of the Eel Pathogen Vibrio vulnificus Biotype 2 (Serovar E)

Marco-Noales, Ester; Biosca, Elena G.; Amaro, Carmen
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
Vibrio vulnificus biotype 2 (serovar E) is a primary eel pathogen. In this study, we performed long-term survival experiments to investigate whether the aquatic ecosystem can be a reservoir for this bacterium. We have used microcosms containing water of different salinities (ranging from 0.3 to 3.8%) maintained at three temperatures (12, 25, and 30°C). Temperature and salinity significantly affected long-term survival: (i) the optimal salinity for survival was 1.5%; (ii) lower salinities reduced survival, although they were nonlethal; and (ii) the optimal temperature for survival was dependent on the salinity (25°C for microcosms at 0.3 and 0.5% and 12°C for microcosms at 1.5 to 3.8%). In the absence of salts, culturability dropped to zero in a few days, without evidence of cellular lysis. Under optimal conditions of salinity and temperature, the bacterium was able to survive in the free-living form for at least 3 years. The presence of a capsule on the bacterial cell seemed to confer an advantage, since the long-term survival rate of opaque variants was significantly higher than that of translucent ones. Long-term-starved cells maintained their infectivity for eels (as determined by both intraperitoneal and immersion challenges) and mice. Examination under the microscope showed that (i) the capsule was maintained...

Short-term exposure of Chinook salmon (Oncoryhnchus tshawytscha) to o,p-DDE or DMSO during early life-history stages causes long-term humoral immunosuppression.

Milston, Ruth H; Fitzpatrick, Martin S; Vella, Anthony T; Clements, Shaun; Gundersen, Deke; Feist, Grant; Crippen, Tawni L; Leong, Joann; Schreck, Carl B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
We evaluated the effect of short-term exposures to a xenobiotic chemical during early life-history stages on the long-term immune competence of chinook salmon (Oncoryhnchus tshawytscha). Immersion of chinook salmon eggs in a nominal concentration of o,p-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (o,p-DDE; 10 ppm) for 1 hr at fertilization followed by immersion in the same dose for 2 hr at hatch resulted in a significant reduction in the ability of splenic leukocytes from fish 1 year after treatment to undergo blastogenesis upon in vitro stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. We also observed that the vehicle, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), caused a significant reduction in the ability of the splenic leukocytes to express surface immunoglobin M (SIgM) at this time. The concentration of o,p-DDE in a pooled sample of whole fry from this treatment was 0.53 microg/g lipid 1 month after first feeding but was undetectable in all other treatments. Mortality rate, time to hatch, fish length, and weight were unaffected by treatment with o,p-DDE. Similarly, sex ratios, gonadal development, and concentrations of plasma estradiol and 11-ketotestosterone were not affected by the treatment. In addition, we found no evidence that plasma lysozyme concentrations or the mitogenic responses of splenic leukocytes to concanavalin A or polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid were influenced by the treatment. In this experiment...

Long-Term Persistency of Abnormal Heart Rate Variability following Long NICU Stay and Surgery at Birth

Morin, Mélanie; Marchand, Serge; Couturier, Louis; Nadeau, Sophie; Lafrenaye, Sylvie
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
Preterm birth is associated with painful procedures during the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) stay. Full-term newborns can also experience pain, following surgery. These procedures can have long-lasting consequences. It has been shown that children born preterm show pain responses and cardiac alterations. This study aimed to explore the heart rate reactivity to pain in 107 subjects born either preterm or full-term who were between 7 and 25 years old at testing. We also evaluated the effect of pain experienced at birth, as represented by a longer NICU stay, time under ventilation, and surgery at birth. Participants were asked to immerse their right forearm in 10°C water for 2 minutes. Electrocardiograms were recorded at baseline and during the immersion procedure. Full-term subjects showed a stable increase in heart rate throughout the procedure, whereas preterm ones showed a strong increase at the beginning, which decreased over time. Also, preterm and full-term subjects who experienced pain at birth showed higher resting heart rate, stronger sympathetic activity, and lower cardiac vagal activity. Our study demonstrated a long-term impact of a long NICU stay and surgery at birth on cardiac autonomic activity. This could lead to impaired reactions to pain or stress in later life.

Nautilus at risk - estimating population size and demography of Nautilus pompilius

Dunstan, A.; Bradshaw, C.; Marshall, N.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.79%
The low fecundity, late maturity, long gestation and long life span of Nautilus suggest that this species is vulnerable to over-exploitation. Demand from the ornamental shell trade has contributed to their rapid decline in localized populations. More data from wild populations are needed to design management plans which ensure Nautilus persistence. We used a variety of techniques including capture-mark-recapture, baited remote underwater video systems, ultrasonic telemetry and remotely operated vehicles to estimate population size, growth rates, distribution and demographic characteristics of an unexploited Nautilus pompilius population at Osprey Reef (Coral Sea, Australia). We estimated a small and dispersed population of between 844 and 4467 individuals (14.6–77.4 km−2) dominated by males (83:17 male:female) and comprised of few juveniles (<10%).These results provide the first Nautilid population and density estimates which are essential elements for long-term management of populations via sustainable catch models. Results from baited remote underwater video systems provide confidence for their more widespread use to assess efficiently the size and density of exploited and unexploited Nautilus populations worldwide.; Andrew Dunstan...

Efeito antimicrobiano residual e citotoxidade in vitro de resina acrílica para base de prótese após imersão prolongada em agentes de limpeza; In vitro residual antimicrobial effect and cytotoxicity of acrylic resin base prosthesis after long-term immersion in cleaning agents

Procópio, Andréa Lemos Falcão
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/05/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.18%
O presente estudo in vitro objetivou avaliar a longo prazo o potencial antimicrobiano residual e a citotoxicidade de soluções químicas de limpeza de prótese quando incorporadas à resina acrílica termopolimerizável após sucessivos ciclos de imersão noturna diária. Discos (10mm x 1mm) de resina acrílica termopolimerizável para base de prótese (Lucitone 550) foram submetidos a três ciclos diários de desinfecção (8h/cada) em hipoclorito de sódio a 1% (NaClO), digluconato de clorexidina a 2% (CLX) ou água destilada (controle) durante 91 (T91) ou 183 dias (T183), simulando o período de 9 meses ou 1,5 ano de imersão noturna diária realizada pelo paciente. Inicialmente, foi utilizado o método de concentração inibitória mínima em caldo para determinar o possível efeito residual (incorporação) das soluções à resina acrílica. Metade dos discos imersos em cada agente de limpeza em um dos tempos de imersão (n=5) foi inoculada (1x107cels/mL) com um dos patógenos associados à estomatite protética: Candida albicans (Ca) e Staphylococcus aureus (Sa). Os discos foram incubados a 37oC para análise em espectrofotômetro após 24h, 7 e 14 dias. Os valores de absorbância foram convertidos em porcentagens de inibição microbiana. Confirmada a ação antimicrobiana residual dos agentes de limpeza incorporados à resina acrílica...

Cognitive Predictors of Reading Achievement in Chinese English Immersion Students

Li, Miao
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 466366 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%
The cognitive processes underlying reading achievement in Chinese English immersion students are not yet clear. This study investigated the effects of phonological awareness (PA) and naming speed (NS) on reading achievement and explored the evidence for cross-linguistic transfer in Chinese English immersion students. In addition, the differences between immersion and non-immersion students on Chinese measures were examined. The participants were 135 English immersion students and 103 non-immersion students from Grades 2, 4, and 6 in mainland China. For English immersion students, English predictors proved to be strong predictors of English reading achievement at the three grade levels. However, the unique predictors of English reading achievement were English PA in Grades 2 and 4, but English NS in Grade 6. Chinese PA was a significant predictor of Chinese achievement, but only in Grade 2. There was little evidence of cross-linguistic transfer. With regards to the Chinese performance of the two groups of students, English immersion students demonstrated an advantage over non-immersion students in Grade 6, but no significant differences were found in Grades 2 and 4; these results suggest either the long-term effect of a bilingual program or a selection effect. Results are discussed in terms of theories of reading development...

LONG-TERM PERFORMANCE OF HDPE GEOMEMBRANES AS LANDFILL LINERS

ISLAM, MOHAMMAD
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 8019908 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
High density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembranes are normally used as part of a composite liner for waste containment facilities such as municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills and heap leach pads. Field conditions, which include physical stresses on the geomembrane, elevated operating temperatures, and contact with leachate constituents, have the potential to affect the service life of the HDPE geomembranes. This thesis examined the long-term performance of different HDPE geomembranes based on both conventional laboratory accelerated immersion tests and simulated landfill liner tests. A 1.5mm HDPE geomembrane was immersed in different synthetic leachates at different temperatures in order to evaluate the effects of leachate chemical constituents on the depletion of antioxidants. The results showed that a basic leachate with trace metals, surfactant, and a reducing agent was the most appropriate for evaluating the potential degradation of HDPE geomembranes. A similar immersion test was performed to evaluate the effects of thickness on the ageing of HDPE geomembranes. Three commercially available HDPE geomembranes having nominal thicknesses of 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5mm were immersed in a synthetic leachate at four different temperatures in this experiment. The results showed that a thicker geomembrane may have a longer service life if other things are similar. The depletion of antioxidants from a 1.5mm thick HDPE geomembrane was examined by conducting accelerated ageing tests at 55...

Impact strength of denture base and reline acrylic resins subjected to long-term water immersion

Wady,Amanda Fucci; Machado,Ana Lucia; Vergani,Carlos Eduardo; Pavarina,Ana Cláudia; Giampaolo,Eunice Teresinha
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
Water may influence the mechanical properties of the acrylic resins. Thus, the effect of water storage on the impact strength (IS) of one denture base (Lucitone 550 - L) and four reline resins (Tokuyama Rebase II - T; UfiGel Hard - U; Kooliner - K; New Truliner - NT) was evaluated. Bars of L were made (60 x 6 x 2 mm) and relined (2 mm) with T, U, K, NT and L. Intact specimens of each material (60 x 6 x 4 mm) were also fabricated for comparative purposes. Specimens were submitted to Charpy impact tests without water storage (control) and after immersion in water for 7, 90 and 180 days. Data (kJ/m²) analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p=0.05) revealed that after 90 days, U exhibited an increase in the IS (0.93) compared to 7 days (0.58). K (1.48) and L/K (7.21) exhibited a decrease at the 7-day period (1.01 and 3.23, respectively). NT (0.60) showed an increase in the IS after 180 days (1.52), whereas L/NT (7.70) showed a decrease (3.17). Water immersion improved the IS of U and NT, and decreased the IS of K, L/K, and L/NT. Water may affect differently the IS of acrylic resins and, consequently, the resistance to fracture of relined denture bases.

Long-term degradation of resin-based cements in substances present in the oral environment: influence of activation mode

SILVA,Eduardo Moreira da; NORONHA-FILHO,Jaime Dutra; AMARAL,Cristiane Mariote; POSKUS,Laiza Tatiana; GUIMARAES,Jose Guilherme Antunes
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.83%
Indirect restorations in contact with free gingival margins or principally within the gingival sulcus, where the presence of organic acids produced by oral biofilm is higher, may present faster degradation of the resin-based cement pellicle. Objectives To investigate the degradation of four resin-based cements: Rely X ARC (R), Variolink II (V), Enforce (E) and All Cem (A), after immersion in distilled water (DW), lactic acid (LA) and artificial saliva (AS) and to analyze the influence of the activation mode on this response. Material and Methods Two activation modes were evaluated: chemical (Ch) and dual (D). In the dual activation, a two-millimeter thick ceramic disk (IPS Empress System) was interposed between the specimen and light-curing unit tip. Specimens were desiccated, immersed in distilled water, artificial saliva and lactic acid 0.1 M at 37°C for 180 days, weighed daily for the first 7 days, and after 14, 21, 28, 90 and 180 days and were desiccated again. Sorption and solubility (µg/mm 3 ) were calculated based on ISO 4049. The data were submitted to multifactor analysis of variance (MANOVA) and Tukey's HSD test for media comparisons (α=0.05). Results Sorption was higher after immersion in LA (p<0.05) and increased significantly with time (p<0.05). Sorption was influenced by the activation mode: Ch>D (p<0.05). The lowest solubility was presented by R (p<0.05). Conclusions Lactic acid increased the degradation of resin-based cements. Moreover...

Long-term degradation of resin-based cements in substances present in the oral environment: influence of activation mode

SILVA, Eduardo Moreira da; NORONHA-FILHO, Jaime Dutra; AMARAL, Cristiane Mariote; POSKUS, Laiza Tatiana; GUIMARAES, Jose Guilherme Antunes
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2013 ENG
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35.83%
Indirect restorations in contact with free gingival margins or principally within the gingival sulcus, where the presence of organic acids produced by oral biofilm is higher, may present faster degradation of the resin-based cement pellicle. Objectives To investigate the degradation of four resin-based cements: Rely X ARC (R), Variolink II (V), Enforce (E) and All Cem (A), after immersion in distilled water (DW), lactic acid (LA) and artificial saliva (AS) and to analyze the influence of the activation mode on this response. Material and Methods Two activation modes were evaluated: chemical (Ch) and dual (D). In the dual activation, a two-millimeter thick ceramic disk (IPS Empress System) was interposed between the specimen and light-curing unit tip. Specimens were desiccated, immersed in distilled water, artificial saliva and lactic acid 0.1 M at 37°C for 180 days, weighed daily for the first 7 days, and after 14, 21, 28, 90 and 180 days and were desiccated again. Sorption and solubility (µg/mm 3 ) were calculated based on ISO 4049. The data were submitted to multifactor analysis of variance (MANOVA) and Tukey's HSD test for media comparisons (α=0.05). Results Sorption was higher after immersion in LA (p

Electrochemical Studies of Stainless Steel Corrosion in Peroxide Solutions

Singh,Ajay K.; Chaudhary,Vipin; Sharma,A.
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 EN
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Pollution control measures have resulted in replacement of chlorine by peroxide as bleaching chemical. Change of chemical affects corrosion aspects, the suitability of existing plant metallurgy and materials of construction of bleach plants. Accordingly long term immersion and electrochemical corrosion tests were conducted on stainless steel 304L, 316L, 2205 and 6% Mo and mild steel in peroxide solutions of pH 10. The materials were tested for uniform corrosion, pitting and crevice corrosion and attack around the weld area. Corrosion attack estimated from long term immersion tests is found in agreement, by and large, with that analyzed from electrochemical test. E-pH diagrams drawn for water-peroxide system have been used to understand the corrosivity of the peroxide media. An attempt has been made to suggest a suitable material of construction for handling the test media on the basis of degree of corrosion attack on them and their cost and the mechanical properties.

Long-term bond strength, degree of conversion and resistance to degradation of a HEMA-free model adhesive

Collares, Fabrício Mezzomo; Leitune, Vicente Castelo Branco; Portella, Fernando Freitas; Ogliari, Fabrício Aulo; Samuel, Susana Maria Werner
Fonte: UNICAMP/FOP Publicador: UNICAMP/FOP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ;
Publicado em 30/12/2014 POR
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Aim: To evaluate the long-term bond strength, degree of conversion and resistance to degradation in ethanol of HEMA-containing and HEMA-free model adhesive resins of a three-step etch-andrinse adhesive system. Methods: The superficial dentin of 16 bovine incisor teeth was exposed, and the teeth were divided in two groups according to the HEMA concentration in the experimental adhesive (0% and 15%). In each tooth were made 6 cylindrical composite restorations. Half of the tooth restorations were submitted to microshear bond strength test after 24 h and the other half after 6 months. Degree of conversion of experimental resins was determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Crosslink density was indirectly determined by the Knoop hardness of five specimens per group before and after immersion in ethanol for 6 h. Results: The group with 0% HEMA showed no difference in bond strength as compared to the group with 15% HEMA after 24 h or 6 months. There was no difference in degree of conversion and crosslink density between groups. Conclusions: HEMA content of the adhesive resin did not influence the bond strength to dentin, degree of conversion or resistance to degradation in ethanol.