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Who are the relevant stakeholders to the local government context? Empirical evidences on environmental influences in the decision-making process of english local authorities

Gomes, Ricardo Corrêa
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.15%
Publicado também na Revista de Administração Contemporânea, v. 9, n. 1, p. 177-202, 2005. Disponível em: ; Este artigo apresenta evidências empíricas sobre a análise de stakeholders no contexto das administrações locais. O trabalho é o resultado de uma pesquisa de campo desenvolvida com administrações locais inglesas no ano de 2001. O artigo esboça a arena na qual as administrações locais tomam decisões apontando os relevantes stakeholders para o processo, assim como o poder que eles possuem na visão dos chefes executivos(1). A investigação é baseada nas teorias da dependência e institucionalismo, as quais tem sido utilizadas para explicar o comportamento das organizações quando influenciadas por seus ambientes externos. Como contribuição empírica, o artigo propõe um mapa de stakeholders adequado a qualquer tipo de administração local e que poderá ajudá-las no processo de definição de estratégias organizacionais. _______________________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT; This article presents empirical evidence of stakeholding in the local government context. It is the result of a survey carried out with English Local Authorities in 2001. It outlines the arena in which local government make decisions by pinpointing the relevant stakeholders in the process as well as the amount of power they are perceived to represent by chief executives. The investigation has its theoretical basis in resource dependence and institutional theories...

Confronting environmental perceptions of local populations and local authorities

Carvalho, Daniela; Fidélis, Teresa
Fonte: Emerald Publicador: Emerald
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Purpose – The main focus of this paper is on a study of environmental perceptions in the municipality of Aveiro, Portugal. Design/methodology/approach – The study draws pn complaints regarding environmental matters submitted to the City Council and on a critical analysis of the results in comparison with the opinions of local government authorities and non-governmental organisations, which have responsibilities for local environmental management, and experts. Findings – The results reflect the local actors relevant to the protests, including, among these citizens and local authorities, the main concerns intrinsic to the complaints and questionnaire responses, such as those relating to urban solid waste, water, air pollution, noise and unhealthy lots; and the “preferential zones” in which environmental problems are most likely to generate complaints, more specifically the dense urban areas and, to a lesser extent, the classified natural areas, and the preferential zones for the occurrence of environmental problems in the opinion of the respondents, namely the hydrographical nets and associated margins and the rural or sparse areas. The respondents were also encouraged to identify measures required to solve the local environmental problems...

Citizen complaints as a new source of information for local environmental governance

Carvalho, Daniela; Fidelis, Teresa
Fonte: Emerald Publicador: Emerald
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to focus on the relevance of citizen complaints as a new source of information for local environmental governance. It represents an initial attempt to construct a fresh approach to the field. Design/methodology/approach - The paper comprises a brief literature review around the concept of environmental governance, the role played by institutions, and the challenges of local environmental governance; an empirical study of a Portuguese municipality based on environmental complaints submitted to its City Council and a comparative analysis between the results garnered from the empirical study and the areas of intervention in the Municipal Environmental Plan. Findings - The results suggest that the information gathered from public complaints on environmental issues has the potential to reveal the most significant environmental problems from the standpoint of local actors. This knowledge is relevant for self-evaluation by local authorities whilst remaining a promising avenue for local public participation in decision-making processes. Originality/value - The authors take the view that concerns raised by local populations are important, latent sources of information that can have a positive impact on delineating necessary action for the management and resolution of local environmental problems.; SFRH/DB/37010/2007

A aplicação do imposto sobre o valor acrescentado nas autarquias locais

Silva, Lurdes Maria Batista Grosso
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /03/2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
Mestrado em Fiscalidade; O tema deste trabalho de investigação é a aplicação do Imposto sobre o Valor Acrescentado (IVA) nas autarquias locais. Após a análise de diversa legislação e alguma bibliografia, depreendemos que estamos perante uma matéria bastante problemática e que o modelo comum deste imposto apresenta ainda muitas imperfeições. A presente dissertação foi desenvolvida com o objetivo de analisar o modo como se aplica o IVA nas atividades praticadas pelas autarquias, qual o método de dedução utilizado e quais as pincipais dificuldades sentidas com as alterações legislativas introduzidas pelos Decreto-Lei (DL) n.ºs 197 e 198, de 24 de agosto de 2012. Para o efeito procedemos a uma análise do Código do Imposto sobre o Valor Acrescentado (CIVA) e da sua aplicação nas atividades praticadas pelas autarquias. Para atingir o objetivo traçado a metodologia utilizada foi o inquérito por questionário a uma amostra selecionada no universo das autarquias. O trabalho desenvolvido permitiu-nos concluir que as autarquias praticam operações sujeitas a imposto, que são tributadas normalmente, praticam, também, operações sujeitas a imposto, embora isentas nos termos do artigo 9º do CIVA e praticam, finalmente...

Where should health services go: local authorities versus the NHS?

Pollock, A. M.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/06/1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
The Association of Metropolitan Authorities has recently proposed that responsibility for the NHS should pass from health authorities to local authorities. One of the fiercest debates at the outset of the NHS was whether the hospitals should be run by local authorities. In the end the minister for health, Aneurin Bevan, decided against local democracy and in favour of a national health service. His arguments included the fact that equality of treatment could not be guaranteed if facilities varied with local finances and that even the largest authorities were not big enough to pool risks and expertise. All these arguments still apply today, and the recent changes in community care provide an insight into how a market model of local authority control might work. The changes have been accompanied by a shift from public to private sector provision and the introduction of charges for services that the NHS once provided free. As important, the willingness and ability of local authorities to raise extra revenue from local taxes and charges affect the service they can provide, so leading to inequalities of provision. Local authorities have yet to make the case that they can preserve the fundamental principles and benefits of the NHS, including its reliance on central taxation and unified funding formulas.

Community Driven Development and Accountable Local Governance : Some Lessons from the Philippines

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
This study evaluates the connections between community-driven development (CDD) and decentralized local governance, and the need to identify strategies for operational integration. It aims to deepen the understanding of how the institutional environment for local governance interacts with CDD project operations. It gives special emphasis on the issue of accountability, analyzing how CDD operations perform in terms of strengthening the capacity of citizens and civil society to hold local authorities and public service providers accountable, and the capacity of the local government to be held accountable. The study utilizes a two-pronged approach. First, it assesses the institutional environment for accountability in local governance. Second, it examines the operations of two major World Bank-assisted CDD projects in two municipal case study sites. Given that CDD projects both shape and are shaped by local governance contexts in which they are embedded, the study investigates how CDD operations in the Philippines are affected by and are helping reform local governance conditions. It is from the analysis of this interface between CDD operations and local governance conditions that the study aims to generate policy and operational recommendations to enhance integration between CDD and local governance approaches. The analysis of the institutional environment for accountability in local governance often found an enabling policy and legal framework in principle...

Kingdom of Lesotho Local Governance, Decentralization, and Demand-Driven Service Delivery, Volume 1. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.46%
After more than 35 years, the elected local government system in Lesotho was reestablished in 2005 through the election of the Local Authorities, i.e. the Community and District Councils (CCs and DCs). Across the political spectrum, the political will to move forward was at its peak. An exemplary campaign to educate the entire population as to the purposes and functioning of the new Local Authorities, and the electoral process preceded the election. The purposes of the new system are the improvement in services and access to government, broad participation of the local population in their own development combined with enhanced accountability to them, and promotion of equitable development in all parts of the country. The establishment of the Local Authorities and their election was received by even the remotest populations with great enthusiasm, and the elected Councilors have taken up their job with energy and commitment. The objectives of this report derive from the general priorities of the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) of Lesotho which emphasizes pro-poor growth...

Kingdom of Lesotho Local Governance, Decentralization, and Demand-Driven Service Delivery, Volume 2. Annexes

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.46%
After more than 35 years, the elected local government system in Lesotho was reestablished in 2005 through the election of the Local Authorities, i.e. the Community and District Councils (CCs and DCs). Across the political spectrum, the political will to move forward was at its peak. An exemplary campaign to educate the entire population as to the purposes and functioning of the new Local Authorities, and the electoral process preceded the election. The purposes of the new system are the improvement in services and access to government, broad participation of the local population in their own development combined with enhanced accountability to them, and promotion of equitable development in all parts of the country. The establishment of the Local Authorities and their election was received by even the remotest populations with great enthusiasm, and the elected Councilors have taken up their job with energy and commitment. The objectives of this report derive from the general priorities of the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) of Lesotho which emphasizes pro-poor growth...

Republic of Burundi Fiscal Decentralization and Local Governance : Managing Trade-Offs to Promote Sustainable Reforms

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
Despite the remarkable progress achieved since the end of the conflict, Burundi still faces significant development challenges. Since 2005, the Government of Burundi has embarked on a potentially transformative process of decentralization, with the aim of strengthening social cohesion, improving local governance, and promoting access to basic infrastructure and service delivery. The weakness of the communal tax system, coupled with low mobilization of local revenue and nonexistent (current) or negligible (capital) transfers from the national budget threaten the financial viability of communes, which struggle to support even basic operating costs. Addressing a specific government request, the present study aims to provide concrete policy recommendations to help the Government of Burundi improve the financial and institutional sustainability of the decentralization reform process, while enabling communes to address popular demands and deliver better services. The report will also look at the implications of these macro-level challenges at the sectoral level...

Republic of Burundi Fiscal Decentralization and Local Governance

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.35%
This study is highly selective and organized into four thematic chapters. Specifically, chapter 1 provides a snapshot of Burundi’s political and macroeconomic context, and reviews the evolution of the decentralization process to better understand how institutional, political, and bureaucratic dynamics have shaped the historical trajectory of decentralization and generated the outcomes observed today. Chapter 2 provides a systematic investigation of the status of fiscal decentralization in Burundi, and identifies key policy issues to be considered to ensure the medium-term sustainability of the reform process while at the same time addressing the short-term financial needs of communes. Chapter 3 provides an in-depth diagnostic of a key service delivery responsibility recently devolved to communes—the provision of land registration services—and discusses the challenges and opportunities related to ongoing efforts to scale up access to these land services across 116 rural communes and Bujumbura. Chapter 4 shifts the focus to the nature of statecitizen relations in an effort to better understand how citizen engagement in the decision-making process may be improved and local authorities held accountable for the provision of basic services.

Enabling East Asian Communities to Drive Local Development

Worl
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.29%
Local development activities have profound impact on poor people's welfare. Communities and local governments interact closest to where people live and where essential public services are delivered, such as local transport, water supply, health and education. Vibrant local development requires productive, balanced interaction between empowered communities and capable and accountable local governments. For this interface to function best, well-organized, well-informed communities demand development results, holding local authorities to account and, through participation in decisions and oversight of public service delivery, ensure that those authorities remain effective and open to citizen input. In tandem, local governments supply the capacity to deliver services, reliable resources and a desire to meet local citizens' needs. As a vision for local development, the supply of and demand for effective and responsive government are well-matched. In section one, this report lays out the scope of CDD operations in East Asia and presents three frameworks for organizing them: according to local government context...

Decentralization and Local Democracy in the World : First Global Report by United Cities and Local Governments 2008

United Cities and Local Government; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: United Cities and Local Government and the World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: United Cities and Local Government and the World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.36%
This overall picture of decentralization and local democracy in African countries shows significant progress at the strictly institutional level. No country now publicly opposes the implementation of decentralization policies. Local governments exist in all countries, and elections are held to elect local authorities. The extent of such progress must, however, be set against a number of persistent obstacles that continue to hinder a real progression of decentralization in Africa. Difficulties remain within states concerning the transfer of financial resources needed to match the devolved responsibilities. Local governments also face difficulties in increasing their own resources (aside from state-transfers and grants) at a faster pace. Ensuring the availability of qualified human resources at the local level and improving public access to local services are also fundamental issues of concern.

Knowledge management barriers a review of Limerick's local authorities

Downing, Owen M
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis (taught); ul_theses_dissertations; all_ul_research
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
non-peer-reviewed; The aim of this study is to investigate the existence of Knowledge Management (KM) within the Limerick’ local authorities, Limerick City and Limerick County Councils. Further it explores the prevalence of KM, the types of KM activities, and the barriers of KM within the councils. This research has adopted a managerial perspective. A review of the literature was conducted. The research chose a triangulation approach whereby qualitative and quantitate methods to data collection where employed. This consisted of a questionnaire and case studies. Case Studies were based on semi-structured interviews carried out with employees of Water Service and Planning Department within Limerick City and Limerick County Councils. Findings from the research indicated that an overall KM strategy did not exist within the councils. Instead an ‘ad-hoc’ strategy was in place whereby individual department set out procedures for documentation and transfer of knowledge. The main barriers to successful KM were seen as lack of resources, protocols and a poorly managed technical infrastructure. However there was evidence of a knowledge sharing culture that focussed on both tacit and explicit forms of knowledge transfer. It is recommended that a hybrid of codification and personification strategy be implemented in order to combat the current barriers the amalgamated council face with regard to KM. Communities of Practices and a properly managed shared drive should be introduced within the newly formed council to aid in knowledge transfer. The research was limited to a case study of the Water Service and Planning Department due to time restraints. However this area holds particular potential for further research...

La contribución al desarrollo local de los gobiernos territoriales a través de iniciativas de cooperación internacional descentralizada. Estudio de caso: Cooperación del País Vasco a Florencia, Caquetá (2010-2012) proyecto Embera Chamí- TEA (Tierra, Educación y Artesanía)

Perilla Martínez, Iris Lisette
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/03/2013 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
La cooperación internacional para el desarrollo es una herramienta de gran importancia en el actual contexto internacional. Desde su aparición, la Ayuda Oficial al Desarrollo ha sido la modalidad más recurrente y la más ampliamente estudiada. No obstante, las transformaciones de las últimas décadas han llevado al surgimiento de nuevas modalidades, las cuales toman cada vez más fuerza y requieren de una especial atención. Es el caso de la cooperación descentralizada, instrumento de ayuda exterior y de visibilización internacional de las entidades territoriales. A manera de aproximación a este mecanismo de cooperación, se estudiará la contribución del País Vasco al desarrollo humano sostenible de la comunidad indígena Emberá Chamí y al fortalecimiento de la acción exterior de esta comunidad autónoma española a partir de sus iniciativas de cooperación internacional descentralizada.; International cooperation for development is an important tool in the current international context. Since its appearance, the Official Aid to Development, ODA, has been the most recurrent form and the most widely studied. However, the changes of recent decades have led to emergence of new modalities which, by time, have become more important and require special attention. This is the case of decentralized cooperation...

Who are the relevant stakeholders to the local government context? Empirical evidences on environmental influences in the decision-making process of English Local Authorities

Gomes,Ricardo Corrêa
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
This article presents empirical evidence of stakeholding in the local government context. It is the result of a survey carried out with English Local Authorities in 2001. It outlines the arena in which local government make decisions by pinpointing the relevant stakeholders in the process as well as the amount of power they are perceived to represent by chief executives. The investigation has its theoretical basis in resource dependence and institutional theories, which are commonly used for explaining an organization's behaviour and performance as influenced by its environment. As an empirical contribution, the article proposes a stakeholder map for any kind of local government organizations that will help in identifying strategies for managing stakeholders.

Who are the relevant stakeholders to the local government context? Empirical evidences on environmental influences in the decision-making process of English Local Authorities

Gomes,Ricardo Corrêa
Fonte: Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-graduação em Administração Publicador: Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-graduação em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
This article presents empirical evidence of stakeholding in the local government context. It is the result of a survey carried out with English Local Authorities in 2001. It outlines the arena in which local government make decisions by pinpointing the relevant stakeholders in the process as well as the amount of power they are perceived to represent by chief executives. The investigation has its theoretical basis in resource dependence and institutional theories, which are commonly used for explaining an organization's behaviour and performance as influenced by its environment. As an empirical contribution, the article proposes a stakeholder map for any kind of local government organizations that will help in identifying strategies for managing stakeholders.

Local energy policy and managing low carbon transition: The case of Leicester, UK

Lemon, M.; Pollitt, M.; Steer, S.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; published version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
This is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Elsevier via http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2015.02.001; National and local energy policies are implemented within a complex energy landscape that makes any evaluation of their impacts far from straightforward. Drawing upon a case study of Leicester this paper argues that the ability of local authorities to deliver significant energy savings within this landscape is questionable, albeit with other additional benefits being realised (e.g. job creation, community engagement). It examines existing domestic energy demand and multiple deprivation data for Leicester and neighbouring cities and combines this with a qualitative description of the transition process. The paper identifies the need for a more systematic analysis of how national energy policy translates to the local level and concludes that it is problematic even for a leading, pro-active and innovative local authority to have a statistically meaningful energy policy. Even where energy policies are favourable, carbon reduction is less easy to realise than other ? more local - co-benefits and that in the light of significant financial and co-ordination constraints more attention needs to be given to how local communities can be more effectively supported in their desire to meet (or exceed) national targets.; We wish to thank Laura Platchkov for her research assistance on this paper. We acknowledge the financial assistance of the EPSRC Flexnet award (EP/E0411X/1) and all of the Leicester based contributors to the project...

The national audit office should not be responsible for the audit of local authorities

Jones, George W.; Stewart, John
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/08/2012 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
George Jones and John Stewart support the government’s proposal that local authorities can choose their own auditor as it is consistent with both localism and practice in many organisations.

Local authorities and the downturn: a review of issues, experience and options

Gordon, Ian; Travers, Tony; Whitehead, Christine M. E.
Fonte: Spatial Economics Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Spatial Economics Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /06/2009 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
This report considers the potential/appropriate role for local authorities (LAs) in relation to the downturn phase of the current recession. It focuses on the most valuable functions which they can fulfil in this context, and takes a cautious view about the potential for extending any boost to local authority activity beyond this phase. It offers a rapid survey of roles, opportunities and constraints, drawing both on general principles (grounded in economic analysis) and an appreciation of practical experience. It proceeds from a brief review/comparison of the experience of the last two recessions, via a typology of potentially relevant LA roles in the present one, to a set of general issues that need to be addressed in considering what they should/could appropriately do in this situation. It then focuses on two more specific issues. The first is the significance of financial and other constraints for what LAs are likely/able to do. The second addresses LAs’ role in the field of housing market/financial issues, which is identified as the one where their contribution can be most crucial. Key conclusions are that: local government can do very little without active central government support and cannot substitute for it in raising general demand; local expenditure will need rebalancing to meet shifting needs within constrained levels of overall activity; LAs’ most positive/appropriate role is to mitigate effects (on assets and vulnerable people) and relieve specific market/government failures; the emphasis should be on short term gains...

The making of spending cuts in local government: A case study of four English local authorities, 1984/85.

Cope, Stephen
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1994 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.4%
The thesis focuses on the making of spending cuts in local government in the mid-1980s. It examines how four English local authorities - Bedfordshire County Council, Kent County Council, Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, and Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council - made spending cuts in the financial year, 1984/85. The research is based on a comprehensive set of interviews of the significant actors in each of the four local authorities and an examination of the relevant documents produced by the local authorities, plus an extensive literature survey. After exploring the significant methodological problems in defining and measuring local authority spending, the thesis examines to what extent the four local authorities cut their spending, why they curbed their spending, and how they made spending cuts. Furthermore, it looks at specific case studies where local authorities cut their spending, including, for example, decisions to contract-out school cleaning, to terminate grant funding of sheltered housing, and to work with a voluntary organisation in providing day care for the elderly. The thesis outlines the major findings of the research, compares the research findings with those of other research projects, and constructs a theory of cutback management in local government. This theory challenges many of the conventional wisdoms surrounding cutback management. Both the dominant rationalist and incremental models of cutback management are explored and tested in light of the research evidence. The thesis finds that both models provide only limited explanations of cutback management in local government. As a result of their theoretical shortcomings a refined model is formulated...