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Direito, concorrência e desenvolvimento: a atuação do CADE no caso da indústria petroquímica; Law, competition and development: the role of the Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE) in the Brazilian petrochemical industry

Laplane, Andrea
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/06/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.9%
Na presente dissertação, o setor petroquímico é utilizado como mote para um estudo sobre os contornos do direito antitruste nacional, sua interpretação e aplicação à luz das especificidades da economia brasileira. O pano de fundo deste trabalho é o debate, levantado durante os anos 1990, sobre a disciplina da concorrência nos países em desenvolvimento dever ou não seguir as tendências mais contemporâneas das instituições de países de economia mais avançada e com tradição na matéria antitruste. Além da revisão dos conceitos e práticas da regulação da concorrência nos países centrais (e de alguns dos desafios apontados pela literatura acerca da sua aplicação em economias em desenvolvimento), são descritos os traços gerais atribuídos a esse ramo do direito, no ordenamento jurídico brasileiro, focalizando as disposições referentes ao controle das estruturas de mercado. Para contextualizar a pesquisa empírica sobre os atos de concentração apreciados pela autoridade de defesa da concorrência (Conselho Administrativo de Defesa da Concorrência - CADE) envolvendo a petroquímica, abordam-se as características do setor e a trajetória da atuação estatal nesse ramo. Os resultados encontrados apontam que o direito da concorrência complementa...

Padrões de especialização, inserção internacional e dinamismo na indústria de software: o caso brasileiro à luz das experiências da Índia, Irlanda e Israel.; Specialization patterns, international integration and dynamism in the software industry: the brazilian case in the light of experiences from India, Ireland and Israel.

Pianna, Anelise
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/03/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
A dissertação trata do padrão de especialização e inserção internacional da indústria de software brasileira à luz de experiências paradigmáticas do setor, como é o caso da Índia, Irlanda e Israel. O desenvolvimento inicial do setor nos países centrais das redes globais de produção seguiu os avanços da indústria eletrônica e lhes permitiu acumular competências e trancar a trajetória tecnológica em determinados segmentos, como é o caso do software pacote. No entanto, as respostas de alguns países emergentes frente uma indústria caracterizada pela rápida mudança e pelas altas taxas de oportunidades tecnológicas, cujas possibilidades foram ampliadas com o advento da globalização, são a principal motivação do trabalho. A despeito da difundida idéia de que Índia, Irlanda e Israel representariam casos subordinados às limitações de um modelo terciário-exportador, argumenta-se aqui que eles retratam trajetórias plurais e dinâmicas de desenvolvimento desta indústria. Plurais posto que reproduzem diferentes padrões de especialização e inserção internacional e dinâmicos dados os elementos de mudança evidenciados por parte da literatura especializada. Este dinamismo se faz presente, na indústria de software brasileira...

Análise de viabilidade técnica, econômica, ambiental e mercadológica da instalação original de fábrica de sistema de conversão para uso de gás natural em veículos leves movidos a gasolina e/ou álcool.; Technical, economical, environmental and merchandizing practicability analysis of original assemblers installation of conversion system to the use of compressed natural gas in gasohol and / or ethanol impelled light vehicles.

Valiante, Daniel
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/11/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
É cada vez maior a busca por fontes de energia alternativas com vistas à substituição dos derivados do Petróleo, em especial após a crise da década de 70. A indústria automotiva segue a mesma tendência, buscando alternativas viáveis frente à incerteza do tempo e quantidade que ainda resta de estoque de combustíveis fósseis líquidos. Além do Álcool como meio de substituição ao Diesel e a Gasolina, a utilização de GNV - Gás Natural Veicular - está entre as tecnologias atualmente consideradas viáveis e eficientes. Segundo a ANP - Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis (2006), o Brasil possui reservas comprovadas de 306,4 x 109 m3 de Gás Natural, quantidade estimada para abastecer o mercado nacional, no cenário mais pessimista, pelos próximos cinqüenta anos. A associação desses fatores resulta na busca do consumidor brasileiro pela redução dos gastos cada vez maiores com combustível e no aumento da demanda por veículos movidos a Gás Natural. Apesar da notória demanda de mercado, atualmente existem no Brasil poucas opções de veículos leves com Sistemas de Conversão originalmente instalados pelas montadoras e com manutenção da garantia de fábrica. A falta de opções de oferta abre espaço para o grande aumento do número de oficinas de conversão...

Processo de trabalho, divisão sexual do trabalho e práticas sociais das operárias na indústria eletroeletrônica no contexto da flexibilidade produtiva; Labour process, sexual division of labour and social practises of female industrial workers in eletricial & eletronic industry on manufacturing flexibility context

Lapa, Thaís de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/12/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
nas empresas, que ocorrem no Brasil sob a égide da reestruturação produtiva capitalista desde 1980 e com maior ênfase em 1990, são observados neste estudo à luz da problemática da divisão sexual do trabalho, tomando como campo de análise o segmento de eletroeletrônicos, o qual possui a mais elevada proporção de mulheres da indústria metalúrgica. A pesquisa parte da problemática da visibilização de trabalhadoras como objeto de conhecimento nas análises sobre a classe trabalhadora, procurando oferecer contribuição à sociologia do trabalho a partir de reflexão empírica-teórica gendrada sobre o trabalho, sustentando assim a necessidade do reconhecimento da composição sexuada da classe e reivindicando a indissociabilidade das dimensões classe e gênero. Com base em estudo setorial focado em duas indústrias eletroeletrônicas transnacionais no ramo de telecomunicações e informática, cujas plantas analisadas localizam-se em municípios do interior de São Paulo, foram identificadas e analisadas características do processo de trabalho em diversos setores produtivos das empresas. Essas empresas fabricam no Brasil - uma desde a década de 1990 e outra desde 2000 - telefones celulares, tablets, monitores, notebooks...

Characterisation of chilean hazelnut (gevuina avellana) tissues : light microscopy and cell wall polysaccharides

Dourado, Fernando; Vasco, Pedro; Barros, António; Mota, M.; Coimbra, Manuel A.; Gama, F. M.
Fonte: Society of Chemical Industry Publicador: Society of Chemical Industry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.8%
By applying several differential staining techniques and light microscopy, the structure and composition of Chilean hazelnut (Gevuina avellana) seeds were analysed. The structure of the G avellana seed is very simple, with a thin, heavily lignified seed coat and two voluminous cotyledons. The embryo food reserves are uniformly distributed over the cotyledon cells. The cell wall polysaccharides were recovered from the alcohol-insoluble residue by mild treatment with warm chlorite solution and sequential extraction with alkali solutions of increasing concentration. FT-IR spectra in the 1200–850 cm-1 region were used together with chemometric techniques to distinguish the hemicellulosic and pectic polysaccharides in the extracts. The most abundant extracts were fractionated by graded precipitation in ethanol. A xyloglucan was identified by 1H and 13C NMR as the major hemicellulosic polysaccharide, with a sugar composition of 4Glc:3.5Xyl:1Gal:0.5Fuc. The hazelnut cell walls are composed of equivalent amounts of pectic polysaccharides, xyloglucans and cellulose.; Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT) - PRAXIS XXI/BPD/18824/99. Research Unit 62/94, QOPNA (Aveiro, Portugal). INCO-DC 96-2205 (OLNOCO).

Characterisation of Rosa Mosqueta seeds : cell wall polysaccharide composition and light microscopy observations

Dourado, Fernando; Vasco, Pedro; Gama, F. M.; Coimbra, Manuel A.; Mota, M.
Fonte: Society of Chemical Industry Publicador: Society of Chemical Industry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2000 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The utilisation of enzymes for the extraction of vegetable oils from seeds has been a topic of growing interest in recent years. Knowledge of the cell wall polysaccharide composition is important to select the enzyme(s) necessary for the most effective degradation of the cell walls. The purpose of the present work is to characterise the seeds of Rosa Mosqueta (Rosa aff rubiginosa) by light microscopy (where several differential staining methods were applied to analyse the seed structure) and by the isolation of cell wall polysaccharide extracts. The mature seed of Rosa Mosqueta has a very thick and structurally complex seed coat comprising heavily lignified tissue. The embryo has two cell layers of remaining endosperm tissue (indicating that this is an exalbuminous seed), two voluminous cotyledons that contain the oil, and bundles of provascular tissues distributed perpendicularly to the transverse axis of the embryo. The major non-cellulosic polysaccharides from the non-lignified tissues are glucuronoxylans and pectic polysaccharides; glucans are also present in small amounts. The major non-cellulosic polysaccharides from the lignified tissues are glucuronoxylans. Concerning the use of enzymes for oil extraction, microscopy and cell wall polysaccharide analysis showed that the use of pectic enzymes followed by a xylanase or a cellulase should be explored.; União Europeia (UE) - Contract INCO-DC: 96-2205.

The Majority of the Migrant Factory Workers of the Light Industry in Shenzhen, China May Be Physically Inactive

Liu, Jing; Cheng, Yu; Lau, Joseph T. F.; Wu, Anise M. S.; Tse, Vincent W. S.; Zhou, Shenglai
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Physical inactivity is a strong risk factor of non-communicable diseases (NCD). In China, there are 250 million migrant factory workers, who are susceptible to physical inactivity and hence NCD because of work nature and setting. With random stratified sampling, 807 such workers of the light industry were recruited in Shenzhen, China and completed a self-administered questionnaire with informed consent. The prevalence of inadequate physical activity (defined according to the World Health Organization’s recommendation on level of moderate/vigorous physical activity) was 95.4%. Of all participants, 69.1% showed “a very low level of physical activity” (VLLPA), defined as ≤30 minutes of weekly moderate/vigorous physical activity, which was significantly associated with female sex (Odds ratio [OR]=1.65), lower education level (OR=0.10 to 0.33, primary education as the reference group) and married status (OR=0.63, single status as the reference group). Adjusted for these factors, perceived social support (Adjusted OR=0.87) was negatively associated with VLLPA, while job stress due to workload, which was significant in the univariate analysis (OR=0.98), became non-significant (p=0.184). Significant interaction between perceived social support and perceived job stress onto VLLPA was found (p=0.044)...

The future development and acceptance of light water reactors in the U.S.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Light Water Reactor Study Group
Fonte: MIT Energy Laboratory Publicador: MIT Energy Laboratory
Tipo: Relatório Formato: 3597365 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
This report summarizes a two-year effort by the M.I.T. Light Water Reactor Study Group to assess the institutional, regulatory, technical, and economic factors influencing the development and deployment of LWR technology. The nuclear industry is confronted by a mix of problems which, if not addressed, may soon eliminate LWRs as a practical source of electric energy. The Study Group found that technical developments could improve nuclear plant capacity factors by 10 percent; furthermore, substantial economic benefits are possible through better use of existing technology, further technological improvements, and various financing schemes. However, the most pronounced problems are institutional and social, not technical and economic. Regulatory and institutional problems in licensing, constructing, and operating nuclear plants have created such uncertainty in the electric utility sector that the economic and environmental advantages of LWRs are seriously jeopardized. Regulatory constraints, unpredictability of government policy, unnecessary construction delays, and the resultant difficulty in obtaining the large-scale financing needed for new plant construction all discourage the electric utility sector from making long-term commitments to nuclear power. In the absence of a concerted government attempt to resolve these and other problems...

What constitutes national security in the semiconductor industry?: a look at the competing views surrounding DoD's support of semiconductors

Johnson, William A.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: vi, 72 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis examines the current views surrounding federal support of the semiconductor industry, specifically from the Department of Defense. 'National security' is often cited as a reason for federal intervention in the industry. How well founded are the arguments for this support? The current situation in the domestic semiconductor industry is examined, and the industry's explanations for recent changes in market position are identified. Prevailing economic theory is reviewed for possible alternative explanations. Industry views are then examined in light of this economic theory, and appropriate federal actions are recommended. Since these recommendations focus on the macroeconomic forces influencing the balance of trade, they will benefit the semiconductor industry and the economy as a whole.; Captain, United States Marine Corps

Cognitive biases in the petroleum industry: Impact and remediation

Welsh, M.; Bratvold, R.; Begg, S.
Fonte: Society of Petroleum Engineers; Texas Publicador: Society of Petroleum Engineers; Texas
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
It has been repeatedly demonstrated [1-5] that humans are prone to what are called cognitive biases - discrepancies between calculated, optimal decisions and those made using intuition. Such demonstrations of cognitive bias in expert decision makers, however, are often criticized on the basis of their content being irrelevant to the participants. We present results of a study, based on a range of questions designed to highlight a number of well-known biases and including an extension of Capen's [1] study of overconfidence in SPE members, put to industry personnel from a variety of companies. To limit the objection raised above, all questions related to the O&G industry. The authors discuss the biases exhibited and their potential impact on Oil and Gas industry decisions with a special focus on remediation. Despite domain familiarity, industry personnel exhibited a range of cognitive biases indicating that, in accordance with the literature, familiarity with subject material does not remove their impact; nor does industry experience alleviate it. The authors conclude that the biases demonstrated are likely to already be impacting industry decisions. The effect of having had specific risk training is also discussed in light of the results herein with the conclusion that...

Mandatory Fuel Efficiency Standards and the Manufacturing Industry: an Australian Perspective on Passenger Vehicles

Waugh, Lauren
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, many nations, including Australia, are considering policies to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. One area in which emission reductions pose a significant challenge is the passenger vehicle sector. Not only do passenger cars account for a large proportion of national C02 emissions, their high reliance on oil renders users vulnerable to oil price volatility. The Australian automotive industry sets voluntary fuel efficiency targets which apply to all light vehicles under 3.5 tonnes. However, international experience shows that voluntary targets are unlikely to result in significant improvements; as such, developed economies such as Japan, the United States, the European Union, and Canada have implemented, or are considering, adopting mandatory standards. In 2009, the Council of Australian Governments requested that the Department of Infrastructure and Transport produce a Regulatory Impact Statement on the costs and benefits of mandatory standards in Australia. The introduction of mandatory standards is a contentious issue. It has been strongly opposed by the peak industry body, the Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries, who warn that regulation may impose too great a burden on Australian manufacturers. Other bodies...

Exploring foreign investment in Australia's domestic mining industry

Benson, William
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.96%
This report explores how the current Australian Foreign Investment Review Board (FIRB) and the Australian Treasurer attempt to responsibly monitor the changing origin and effects of foreign investment in Australia's mining industry. Australia's mining industry is used in particular in this report because its expansion in some cases seems to contradict Australia's ability to face future national challenges in a constructive way. Examples of this include where expansion of mining in the Murray Darling Basin threatens 'prime agricultural land' and thus threatens Australia's food security in the future, where mining, because of its transient and unsustainable nature, threatens long-term employment opportunities, where mining threatens water security, and where the carbon emissions produced through burning coal resources mined in Australia threaten carbon reduction targets and thus advance global warming and the production of green house gasses. Part One of this report shows that mining has benefited the economic growth and development of Australia since the discovery of gold in the 1850's, but as a capital-intensive industry its expansion has been limited by the small size of Australia's domestic economy. As a result of this...

Desired learning outcomes for the curricula in financial services industry as perceived by professionals in the financial services industry located in the Greater Toronto Area /

Brodhecker, W. Harvey.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
This study sought to explore the changing nature of the financial services industry in Toronto, Canada and the impact that these changes will have on the vocational educational outcomes required by Ontario Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology (CAAT) graduates who wish to enter the financial services industry. The study was descriptive and exploratory, based on both quantitative and qualitative data. Triangulation of 3 data sources (a collection of newspaper articles from the Toronto Star between July 1999 and June 2000, the calendars of the 25 CAATs, and a survey questionnaire prepared by me and distributed to subject matter experts who are key practitioners in the financial services industry) was used. The study contains a discussion of how the financial services industry is changing. The first question to be answered was: What do current practitioners in financial services perceive to be the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that will be required of future graduates for employment within the financial services industry? The study found that Ontario CAAT's graduates entering the financial services field need both business and financial services vocational learning outcomes. Colleges should have 2 programs 1 in accounting and 1 in financial services. The report addresses which specific topics should be included in the financial services program. The second question to be answered was: How does this anticipated profile of knowledge...

Agentes comerciales China

Rodríguez Becerra, Alejandra; Gómez Castaño, Jhon Camilo
Fonte: Facultad de Administración Publicador: Facultad de Administración
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/08/2010 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
El presente plan de negocios trata de mostrar las oportunidades que existen en sector de la industria liviana para brindar un servicio de representación y de comercialización de productos que las empresas desean importar desde China. El establecer una empresa en Yiwu China, va dirigido a importadores quienes necesitan un agente en el país asiático quien pueda buscar por productos, realizar control de calidad y manejar toda la regulación de exportación desde ese país. El crecimiento de la industria liviana en Colombia y de China como proveedor de esta, crea oportunidades de negocios para productos como confecciones, cosméticos, juguetes, joyería y papelería. La firma prestará su servicio desde China, cerca de un mercado que tiene más de 1 000000 de pies cuadrados con permanencia de exportadores de más de 1502 categorías de productos, una ventaja que permitirá a la compañía estar por encima de sus competidores.; Centro de Estudios Empresariales para la Perdurabilidad (CEEP); This business plan, try to show the opportunities that exist in light industry sector for giving a service of representation and commercialization of products that enterprises wish to import from China. The set up of a firm in Yiwu, China, is aimed to importers who need an agent in China that can look for products...

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in Taiwanese high-tech industry workers

Tsai,Tzung-Yi; Cheng,Jung-Feng; Lai,Yu-Min
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
OBJECTIVES: In light of the increasing number of high-tech industry workers and the differences in their working conditions compared to those of the general population, the health status of these workers merits serious attention. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its correlates among Taiwanese high-tech industry workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 4,666 workers who participated in labor health examinations at a hospital in southern Taiwan in 2008. Participants with metabolic syndrome were defined using the criteria proposed by the Taiwan National Department of Health in 2007. Factors associated with metabolic syndrome were determined using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 8.2%, and the prevalence was higher in men than in women (14.0% vs. 2.3%, p<0.01). Male gender, advanced age, elevated white blood count, and elevated levels of blood biochemistry markers, such as alanine aminotransferase and uric acid, can independently predict metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among high-tech industry workers is lower than in the general population. Our study's findings may facilitate early health assessments and the provision of proper workplace health promotion programs to reduce the risks faced by high-risk workers.

Physical-chemical, caloric and sensory characterization of light jambolan (Syzygium cumini Lamarck) jelly

Lago-Vanzela,Ellen Silva; Santos,Ginaldo Vieira dos; Lima,Fernanda Arcaro de; Gomes,Eleni; da Silva,Roberto
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
In Brazil, several little economically explored fruits have good potential as raw material for the agro-industry. This study aimed to produce and determine the physical-chemical and sensory characteristics of light jambolan jelly. This fruit has intense purple color, which gave the jellies - both standard and light - a quite attractive visual aspect. The light jellies exhibited similar physical-chemical characteristics to the ones developed through the conventional method and; with the proportion of sweeteners used, the caloric values of the formulations were reduced to the range of 41 to 53%, attending the requirements of the Brazilian legislation for this type of product. The sensory profile obtained for the 4 light formulations developed, clearly showed the tasters' preference for the jelly elaborated with the association of cyclamate and saccharin. Thus, the results revealed good perspectives for the application of this fruit in the food industry.

Has the tobacco industry evaded the FDA's ban on ‘Light’ cigarette descriptors?

Connolly, Gregory N; Alpert, Hillel R
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.96%
Background: Under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (FSPTCA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the use of “Lights” descriptors or similar terms on tobacco products that convey messages of reduced risk. Manufacturers eliminated terms explicitly stated and substituted colour name descriptors corresponding to the banned terms. This paper examines whether the tobacco industry complied with or circumvented the law and potential FDA regulatory actions. Methods: Philip Morris retailer manuals, manufacturers' annual reports filed with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, a national public opinion survey, and market-wide cigarette sales data were examined. Results: Manufacturers substituted “Gold” for “Light” and “Silver” for “Ultra-light” in the names of Marlboro sub-brands, and “Blue”, “Gold”, and “Silver” for banned descriptors in sub-brand names. Percent filter ventilation levels, used to generate the smoke yield ranges associated with “Lights” categories, appear to have been reassigned to the new colour brand name descriptors. Following the ban, 92% of smokers reported they could easily identify their usual brands, and 68% correctly named the package colour associated with their usual brand...

Digital integration and the lean manufacturing practices of U.S. printing firms

Cost, Frank; Daly, Brett
Fonte: Printing Industry Research Center at RIT Publicador: Printing Industry Research Center at RIT
Tipo: Monograph Formato: 832292 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
The printing industry is in the midst of a transformation that can best be understood with reference to the metaphor of the “perfect storm.” Four forces—digitization, standardization, the rise of the Internet, and globalization leading to increased competition—have combined to create the storm. The storm is destroying many companies in its path. Other companies are learning how to ride through it and harness its awesome power to their best advantage. Technology can play a critical role in reducing the costs of business and manufacturing processes. But the acquisition of new technology in the absence of a disciplined approach to process analysis and sound strategic planning can sometimes lead in the wrong direction—to increased costs and eventual failure. Technology also enables competition where none existed before. When work can be handed off as quickly to a colleague in Hong Kong, Barbados, or Bangalore as it can to a co-worker sitting in an adjacent cubicle in Chicago or New York, the fundamental rules of the game change irreversibly. This paper is a mid-course status-report on the progress of the industry and on the proactive measures that some companies are taking to battle the storm. These companies have several characteristics in common. They all take a sober view of the situation they are in and develop a clear understanding of the limits of their control. They then concentrate their energy on changing their business and manufacturing processes to continuously reduce or eliminate costs that do not contribute to the value of the products and services they sell. They also continually look for opportunities to develop new products and services that leverage the capabilities of new technology. In July 2003...

Regulating water pollution from light industry: Lessons from the Swan-Canning

Gunningham, Neil; Sinclair, Darren L
Fonte: The Law Book Company Publicador: The Law Book Company
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
This article examines policy mechanisms and instruments for curbing water pollution from light industry. It outlines the major challenges confronting regulators in addressing this elusive sector, as well as some of the limitations in current policy approa

Luz e o Desenvolvimento da Indústria da Química Orgânica Desde a Antiguidade; Light and the Development of the Organic Chemical Industry since Antiquity

Maria Cecília B. V. de Souza; Universidade Federal Fluminense; Maria Fernanda V. da Cunha; Universidade Federal Fluminense; Nelson Angelo de Souza; Universidade Federal Fluminense
Fonte: Revista Virtual de Química Publicador: Revista Virtual de Química
Tipo: ; Formato: binary/octet-stream
Publicado em 07/01/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
O espectro eletromagnético, que tem origem na luz solar, se constitui em uma mistura de radiações eletromagnéticas cuja energia se propaga como ondas descrita em termos de partículas chamadas de fótons. A manifestação de cor pelas substâncias orgânicas está associada às transições eletrônicas. Em geral, as substâncias  orgânicas coloridas tem como características estruturais sistemas altamente conjugados que absorvem luz na região  do  visível. As cores, que se manifestam tão somente sob a influência da luz sempre exerceram um encanto todo especial sobre o homem.  A existência dos corantes, substâncas capazes de transferirem cor aos materiais, data de 4000 anos a.C.  Três Corantes  de origem vegetal e animal foram muito importantes na antiguidade:  o índigo; a púrpura e a alizarina (garança). O primeiro corante sintético, a mauveína, foi obtido casualmente pelo químico inglês William Henry Perkin, em 1856. A obtenção do primeiro corante sintético foi de importância única para o desenvolvimento da indústria química moderna de corantes e também têxtil a qual cresceu atrelada à indústria dos corantes. Estes fatos foram importantes para o desenvolvimento da indústria dos fármacos através das indústrias BASF...