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Identificação diacrónica de estilos de vida em doentes com cancro gástrico e/ou colo-rectal

Teixeira, Marina Margarida de Sousa
Fonte: [s.n.] Publicador: [s.n.]
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Psicologia de Educação e Intervenção Comunitária.; O presente trabalho tem por objectivo geral de caracterizar, numa perspectiva diacrónica, os Estilos de Vida em indivíduos com diagnóstico de cancro gástrico e/ou cancro colo-rectal acompanhados na Cirurgia Geral do Hospital de Santo António no Centro Hospitalar do Porto e tem como objectivo específico saber se os indivíduos tendem a alterar os Estilos de Vida após o diagnóstico da doença. Foi utilizado como instrumento de recolha de informação um Questionário de Estilos de Vida, Qualidade de Vida e Doença: I - Dados sócio-demográficos, II – Estilos de Vida, III - Sobre a doença. Com administração sequencial, após consulta, pelo médico assistente de cada doente. A investigação abrange uma amostra por conveniência de 100 participantes do sexo masculino n=66 e feminino n=34 entre os 29 e 93 anos (M= 68; DP=13), 75,0% dos quais casados, com uma média de tempo de diagnóstico de 9,42 meses. Dos resultados encontrados verifica-se uma tendência para alteração de hábitos alimentares após o diagnóstico de cancro, tendo o consumo de alimentos benéficos aumentado e diminuído o consumo de alimentos considerados nocivos. Em relação à dependência de nicotina esta era moderada antes do diagnóstico de cancro...

Calidad de vida 2 años después de la revascularización coronaria

Melo, Elsa Maria Pinheiro de; Ferreira, Pedro Lopes
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
Objective. To determine the impact of coronary revascularization surgery on patients’ quality of life and to identify the presence of lifestyles representing a risk for coronary heart disease. Method. We performed a longitudinal prospective study of 150 consecutive patients who underwent coronary surgery over a 6-month period. Perceived quality of life was evaluated before the intervention, at 6 months (n = 132) and 2 years later (n = 119). As measurement instruments, the MOS Health Survey (SF-36), the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) and a questionnaire to identify lifestyles were used. Results. Most of the patients (95.8%) were men and were aged more than 50 years old (80.7%). Before surgery, significant physical limitations were present in 39.5%, comorbidity in 79%, prior infarction in 8.7% and three-vessel disease in 68%. The mean length of hospital stay was _ days in 88.2% of the patients. The health benefits were greater at 6 months after the intervention than at 2 years, with better perceived quality of life in all dimensions of the instruments used to assess quality of life (p< 0.001). Comorbidity, the number of risk factors and postoperative complications showed no influence on quality of life 6 months after surgery. Two years after the intervention...

"Ser brigadiano" ou "trabalhar na brigada" : estilos de vida entre soldados da brigada militar; "Being a brigadier" or "working for the brigade": lifestyles among military brigade’s soldiers

Nummer, Fernanda Valli
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
A Brigada Militar (BM), Polícia Militar do Rio Grande do Sul, atualmente conta com mais de 60% de seu efetivo composto por soldados. O objetivo de estudo da tese é verificar como os estilos de vida e a agency que eles admitem nos permitem compreender os significados de pertencimento à profissão dos soldados da Brigada Militar. O trabalho de campo foi realizado entre 2007 e 2009 no cotidiano profissional e pessoal dos interlocutores, policiais militares do 22º Batalhão de Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, com sede em Lajeado. No trabalho de campo para a tese, também foi utilizado um formulário preenchido pela pesquisadora durante os encontros etnográficos. Os resultados apontaram diferenças entre formas de adesão à identidade profissional prescrita e estilos de vida entre aqueles que se consideram “ser brigadianos” e os que “trabalham na Brigada”, distinções essas associadas às origens sociais, capitais simbólicos e capitais culturais adquiridos e visões de mundo limitadas à estrutura social e às regras da profissão. O estudo conclui sobre a diversidade de estilos de vida associados à profissão.; Currently in the Military Brigade (BM) - Military Police of Rio Grande do Sul - 60% of its unit is composed by soldiers. The aim of the present thesis study is to understand how lifestyles and agency are acquainted with the comprehension of the meaning of belonging to the profession of Military Brigade’s soldiers. Data collecting was carried out from 2007 to 2009 in the professional and personal routine of interlocutors...

Trabalho imaterial, tempo e estilos de vida : abordagem a partir do uso da tecnologia da informação por professores de instituições de ensino superior privado

Cardoso, Jonas
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.2%
As transformações nas relações de trabalho a partir da década de 1970, no contexto das mudanças globais de cunho político e econômico, são inerentes às novas demandas requeridas pela reestruturação produtiva. A economia global se tornou refém dos movimentos de capitais e da rápida expansão da produção baseada em reengenharias, que tornaram a produção mais enxuta e aumentaram a produtividade. Os trabalhadores, por sua vez, precisaram se adaptar a estas mudanças, assumindo, cada vez mais, funções e competências. Os que não conseguiram, aumentaram o exército de reserva. Autores como Bauman (1999; 2001; 2008a; 2008b; 2010), Castells (1999; 2005; 2011), Dal Rosso (1998, 2006, 2008, 2009; 2011), Gorz (2005), Grisci (1999; 2000; 2008), Lazzarato e Negri (2001), Sennet (1999) e Virilio (1996; 1999) foram a base para entender a nova dinâmica que permeia o mundo do trabalho. Tendo como base tais autores, esta tese pesquisou em contexto de trabalho imaterial, tempo e estilos de vida, o uso da tecnologia da informação por professores de instituições de ensino superior privado na cidade de Porto Velho, no Estado de Rondônia. Para tal, utilizando-se dos caminhos oferecidos pela pesquisa qualitativa, foram feitas entrevistas semi-estruturadas...

Lifestyles of plant viruses

Roossinck, Marilyn J.
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/06/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
The vast majority of well-characterized eukaryotic viruses are those that cause acute or chronic infections in humans and domestic plants and animals. However, asymptomatic persistent viruses have been described in animals, and are thought to be sources for emerging acute viruses. Although not previously described in these terms, there are also many viruses of plants that maintain a persistent lifestyle. They have been largely ignored because they do not generally cause disease. The persistent viruses in plants belong to the family Partitiviridae or the genus Endornavirus. These groups also have members that infect fungi. Phylogenetic analysis of the partitivirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase genes suggests that these viruses have been transmitted between plants and fungi. Additional families of viruses traditionally thought to be fungal viruses are also found frequently in plants, and may represent a similar scenario of persistent lifestyles, and some acute or chronic viruses of crop plants may maintain a persistent lifestyle in wild plants. Persistent, chronic and acute lifestyles of plant viruses are contrasted from both a functional and evolutionary perspective, and the potential role of these lifestyles in host evolution is discussed.

Social Relationships in Religious Institutions and Healthy Lifestyles

Krause, Neal; Shaw, Benjamin; Liang, Jersey
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
The purpose of this study is to see if encouragement from fellow church members helps older people develop and maintain healthy lifestyles. The findings indicate that informal church-based support is associated with healthy lifestyles among older African Americans but not older Whites. In addition, the influence of support from fellow church members on health behaviors is greater for study participants who closely identify with their congregations. The results further reveal that the adoption of healthy lifestyles is not associated with support from people outside the church nor is it linked to formal programs that churches provide to encourage good health behaviors. The theoretical and practice implications of these results are discussed.

Sexual identities and lifestyles among non-heterosexual urban Chiang Mai adolescents: implications for health

Tangmunkongvorakul, Arunrat; Banwell, Cathy; Carmichael, Gordon; Utomo, Iwu Dwisetyani; Sleigh, Adrian
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
Drawing upon quantitative and qualitative data we explore perspectives on and experiences of sexual lifestyles and relationships among more than 1,750 adolescents aged 17-20 years who reside in urban Chiang Mai, Thailand. We focus on respondents’ representations and understandings of their sexual/gender identities derived mainly from in-depth interviews and focus group discussions, supplemented with observations and field notes. Our results show that while many young Thais described themselves as heterosexual males or females others described themselves as gay, kathoey, tom, dii, bisexual or something else. Some were still questioning their own identities. The terms gay, kathoey, tom and dii are commonly used by these Thais to describe a range of sexual/gender identities relating to persons who are sexually or romantically attracted to the same biological sex. We use case studies to illustrate the distinctive characterizations, sexual lifestyles and relationships of each of these identities. We conclude that the sexual lifestyles encountered among Northern Thai non-heterosexual adolescents could lead to negative health consequences and indicated a need for improved relationship education, counselling and sensitive sexual health services.

The Genomes of the Fungal Plant Pathogens Cladosporium fulvum and Dothistroma septosporum Reveal Adaptation to Different Hosts and Lifestyles But Also Signatures of Common Ancestry

de Wit, Pierre J. G. M.; van der Burgt, Ate; Ökmen, Bilal; Stergiopoulos, Ioannis; Abd-Elsalam, Kamel A.; Aerts, Andrea L.; Bahkali, Ali H.; Beenen, Henriek G.; Chettri, Pranav; Cox, Murray P.; Datema, Erwin; de Vries, Ronald P.; Dhillon, Braham; Ganley,
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
We sequenced and compared the genomes of the Dothideomycete fungal plant pathogens Cladosporium fulvum (Cfu) (syn. Passalora fulva) and Dothistroma septosporum (Dse) that are closely related phylogenetically, but have different lifestyles and hosts. Although both fungi grow extracellularly in close contact with host mesophyll cells, Cfu is a biotroph infecting tomato, while Dse is a hemibiotroph infecting pine. The genomes of these fungi have a similar set of genes (70% of gene content in both genomes are homologs), but differ significantly in size (Cfu >61.1-Mb; Dse 31.2-Mb), which is mainly due to the difference in repeat content (47.2% in Cfu versus 3.2% in Dse). Recent adaptation to different lifestyles and hosts is suggested by diverged sets of genes. Cfu contains an α-tomatinase gene that we predict might be required for detoxification of tomatine, while this gene is absent in Dse. Many genes encoding secreted proteins are unique to each species and the repeat-rich areas in Cfu are enriched for these species-specific genes. In contrast, conserved genes suggest common host ancestry. Homologs of Cfu effector genes, including Ecp2 and Avr4, are present in Dse and induce a Cf-Ecp2- and Cf-4-mediated hypersensitive response, respectively. Strikingly...

Differing lifestyles of Staphylococcus epidermidis as revealed through Bayesian clustering of multilocus sequence types

Thomas, Jonathan C.; Zhang, Liangfen; Robinson, D. Ashley
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
Staphylococcus epidermidis is part of the normal bacterial flora of human skin and a leading cause of infections associated with indwelling medical devices. Previous phylogenetic analyses of subgenomic data have been unable to distinguish between S. epidermidis strains with nosocomial or commensal lifestyles, despite the identification of specific phenotypes and accessory genes that may contribute to such lifestyles. To attempt to better define the population structure of this species, the international S. epidermidis multilocus sequence typing database was analyzed with the Bayesian clustering programs STRUCTURE and BAPS. A total of six genetic clusters (GCs) were identified. A local population of S. epidermidis from clinical specimens was classified according to these six GCs, and further characterized for antibiotic susceptibilities, biofilm, and various genetic markers. GC5 was abundant and significantly enriched for isolates that were resistant to four classes of antibiotics, high biofilm production, and positive for the virulence markers icaA, IS256, and sesD/bhp, indicating its potential clinical relevance. In contrast, GC2 was rare and contained the only isolates positive for the putative commensal marker, fdh. GC1 and GC6 were abundant but not significantly associated with any of the examined characteristics...

The Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) — An Overview of and Recommendations Arising from the Conceptualisation and Development of an Innovative Approach to Promoting Healthy Lifestyles for Children and Their Families

Lloyd, Jenny; Wyatt, Katrina
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
Despite the rise in childhood obesity, there remains a paucity of evidence for effective interventions that engage children and parents sufficiently to make and sustain lifestyle behaviour change. The Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) is a school-located obesity prevention programme, which has been developed with teachers, families and healthcare professionals. The underpinning assumption in the development of HeLP was to take a relational approach to changing behaviour, building relationships with the schools, children and their families to create supportive environments for healthy lifestyle choices. Thus, HeLP was conceptualised as a complex intervention within a complex system and developed as a dynamic, evolving set of processes to support and motivate children towards healthy behaviours. The delivery methods used are highly interactive and encourage identification with and ownership of the healthy lifestyle messages so that the children are motivated to take them home to their parents and effect change within the family. We have good evidence that HeLP engages schools and children such that they want to participate in the Programme. Results from an exploratory trial showed that the Programme is feasible and acceptable and has the potential to change behaviours and affect weight status. This paper presents an overview of and recommendations arising from the conceptualization; development and evaluation of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme as part of a special issue focusing on novel approaches to the global problem of childhood obesity.

Associations entre port du casque, comportements sécuritaires à vélo et habitudes de vie

Champagne, Geneviève
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
Introduction : La promotion du port du casque à vélo exige une bonne connaissance des déterminants du port du casque. Objectifs : Estimer l’association entre les caractéristiques sociodémographiques et le port du casque à vélo dans la population des cyclistes de Montréal et examiner les associations entre le port du casque et les comportements sécuritaires à vélo ainsi que les habitudes de vie. Méthode : Le devis est transversal à mesures répétées, via trois sondages téléphoniques complétés entre 2009 et 2010. L’échantillon analysé comprend 3309 Montréalais de 18 ans et plus ayant fait du vélo au cours des douze derniers mois. Des informations sur le port du casque, les caractéristiques sociodémographiques, les autres comportements sécuritaires à vélo, les habitudes de vie et l’environnement routier ont été recueillies. Des analyses de régression logistique, bivariées et multivariées, ont été réalisées. Résultats : Le port du casque est significativement associé à un revenu et un niveau d’éducation plus élevés, au lieu de naissance (Canada vs hors Canada), à d’autres comportements sécuritaires à vélo, à certaines habitudes de vie (non-fumeur, boire une ou deux consommations alcoolisées quotidiennement vs ne pas boire...

A study of childhood obesity and the promotion of healthy lifestyles

Taylor, Ben
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
Children today consume more energy than they expend, the increasing sedentary nature of our lives is exacerbated by the increasing numbers of ‘time poor’ parents and by the availability of convenience foods, high in saturated fats and sugar. In devising initiatives for children, it must be understood that they develop their attitudes toward lifestyle in a number of settings. They are members of a family, students at school, peers among their friends and in the eyes of the media they are consumers. Thus, messages about healthy lifestyles can easily be undermined if one setting contradicts the others. At the Federal level the promotion of physical activity has been greatly advanced. The implementation of a required minimum linked to the latest funding legislation, coupled with a vast increase in funding for physical activity outside school hours, has worked to place physical education as a high priority within the school environment. In relation to nutrition and healthy eating, real action has occurred within the state sphere of influence. New South Wales was the first to implement a government endorsed approach to creating healthy school canteens. The Fresh Tastes initiative operates throughout the State’s school canteens and works to restrict the sale of foods high in sugar and saturated fats. Queensland is in the process of phasing this policy in and the Australian Capital Territory is seriously considering its implementation. However...

Eat, drink, man, woman: Modernity and urban lifestyles in China

Zhang, Qin
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
Based on my fieldwork and research in Beijing and other Chinese urban cities in the 1990s, this dissertation focuses on urban Chinese lifestyles caught up in historical and momentous dynamics of continuity and transition. It is to study how lifestyles are embodied by urban men and women in the 1990s and played out in the bars, coffee shops, teahouses and Karoke halls in Beijing, as well as Shanghai and Zhengzhou. In general, this dissertation tries to explore how lifestyles become both reflexive and performative bodies in a complex of historical, political, social, cultural phenomena in a flow of fluxes and trends, a flow of information, a flow of history, a flow of modernity and a flow of globalization.

Lifestyles and self-rated health, in Portuguese elderly from rural and urban areas.; Estilos de vida e percepção do estado de saúde em idosos Portugueses de zonas rural e urbana.

Araújo, Joana; Departamento de Epidemiologia Clinica, Unidade de Investigação e Desenvolvimento Cardiovascular, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto, Portugal.; Ramos, Elisabete; Lopes, C
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/12/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.08%
The perception of health status is essential for better planning in health, not only due to its role as a determinant of health, but also because it is related with the adoption of health-promoting behaviours. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between lifestyles and self-rated health, in Portuguese elderly, according to their residence in rural or urban areas. We evaluated 80 individuals from Rebordelo, Trás-os-Montes (rural area) and 383 from Porto (urban area), with 60 or more years and with four or less years of education. Data were collected by trained interviewers, through a structured questionnaire, to evaluate social, demographic, health and behavioural characteristics. Anthropometric measures were also obtained. Leisure-time physical activity, tobacco, alcohol and fruit and vegetable consumption were the lifestyles evaluated. To evaluate self-rated health, each person rated their health status, according to five options (excellent, very good, good, reasonable or poor), later grouped into two: poor versus the others. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated by unconditional logistic regression, after adjustment for sex and education. About 41% of the elderly from the rural area and 32% from the urban area rated their health status as poor. In multivariate analysis...

LIFESTYLES AND OBESITY IN YOUNG STUDENTS IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Silva, Armando Manuel Marques; Amado, João Costa; Brito, Irma da Silva
Fonte: Sociedad Espanola de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria Publicador: Sociedad Espanola de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/05/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.84%
Introduction: Lifestyles and obesity are characteristics in our society that lead young people to situations of potential cardiovascular risk. Objectives: To characterize the lifestyle and to evaluate its relationship with body mass index in university students. Methods: This is a quantitative descriptive and cross-correlated study with a non-probability convenience sample of 3459 university students in the Central Region of Portugal. The evaluation protocol includes a socio-demographic questionnaire, the scale of "Do You Have a Fantastic Lifestyle" in the portuguese version (Silva, Brito, Amado, 2011) and an auto-related Body Mass Index. Results: Regarding the sample, 69.6% were female students and 30.4% male.In terms of global results: Lifestyle behavior point averages medium level of 85.81±13.06; relative to variable -BMI: 7.1% were underweight and 75.4% were normal weight, 14.3% were overweight and 3.2% obese.Regarding the correlations made between the two variables, we found significant correlations between Global lifestyle and the BMI (p=0,000), and some specific lifestyle domains, including: Family/Friends (p=0,000), Nutrition (p=0,000), Tobacco (p=0,007), Alcohol and other drugs (p=0,000) and Physical Activity (0,003). Conclusions: This study revealed a group of data that will help us define an intervention program pertaining to the promotion of health...

PEER-LifeStyle: life style self- monitoring of partygoer students

Silva, Armando Manuel Marques; Brito, Irma da Silva
Fonte: Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra Publicador: Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em 15/02/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.15%
Introduction: Nowadays risk behaviors in recreational settings are often assumed has been part of a youth culture but have underlying, for many young people, lack of self-control and knowledge of their effects on health and well-being. It is pertinent to know the importance of self-monitoring behaviors in recreational settings to understand lifestyles and academic performance of higher education students. Like other health problems, self-monitoring can facilitate the understanding of the phenomenon not only for health professionals but also for individuals. Objetictives: Describe life style of partygoer students by using an online platform for continuous recording of information about lifestyles, recreational behavior (especially binge drinking), their determinants and consequences for academic performance. Methodology: Self- monitoring. Gattering records include an initial and final lifestyles assessment and weekly records about behaviors in recreational settings, nutrition, physical activity, psychological well-being, sleep and study time, giving the information system an idea of student's schedule. Multicentric Study applied to higher education students from four regions of 3 lusophone countries, belonging to PEER network: Portugal...

Food-Related Lifestyles in a Cross-Cultural Context: Comparing Australia with Singapore, Britain, France and Denmark

Reid, M.; Li, C.; Bruwer, J.; Grunert, K.
Fonte: Haworth Press Inc Publicador: Haworth Press Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
As the global food marketing environment becomes more competitive, marketers will need to devise mechanisms for understanding and mapping changes in consumers' food-related attitudes and behaviours. Such knowledge is paramount in developing and adjusting marketing strategies, building superior market-based assets, and creating a stronger consumer focus. Whilst it may be argued that food is a low-involvement product category, it can also be argued that the influence of personal and social values may not be limited to high involvement areas. It is further recognized that lifestyle is inextricably linked to values and the processes by which people seek to achieve their values through various modes of expression, including food. This research therefore employs the Food-Related Lifestyles (FRL) instrument developed by Grunert et al. (1993), which is rooted in the personal values concept, to compare lifestyles across a number of different cultural contexts including Australia, Singapore, Britain, France and Denmark. The research represents the first stage in an on-going process of mapping movements in Australian consumer food-related lifestyles and linking these to global trends and changes.

A quantitative and qualitative analysis of nurses' lifestyles and community health practice in Denpasar, Bali.

Damayanti S, Made Rini
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
Background Health promotion (HP) provision is regarded as an integral component of the health professional’s role, particularly for nurses working in a primary healthcare (PHC) context. In Indonesia, community health centres called Puskesmas serve as the main functional healthcare organisation unit. In all Puskesmas, nurses are considered to have a pivotal role in maximising the health of the general population, having sufficient knowledge, skills, positive attitudes and behaviours towards health-promoting lifestyles (HPLs). Purpose The purposes of this study were: to describe the personal health-promoting lifestyles among nurses working across all Puskesmas in the Denpasar area, Bali, Indonesia • to determine any significant differences between selected socio-demographic variables and the health-promoting lifestyles of nurses working in Puskesmas • to obtain an understanding of how nurses view, experience and integrate their personal and professional health promotion practice. Methods This study employed a parallel mixed-methods design using self-administered questionnaires and telephone interviews. The questionnaire was adapted from an existing instrument (Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II/HPLP-II), while the semi-structured telephone interview was guided by a list of questions developed through reviewing the literature pertinent to the chosen topic. Quantitative data were analysed using SPSS version 20 for Windows...

Healthy Lifestyles of University Students in China and Influential Factors

Wang, Dong; Xing, Xiao-Hui; Wu, Xian-Bo
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 09/07/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
This study was conducted to analyze to what extent university students exhibit healthy lifestyles and which sociodemographic variables influence healthy lifestyles. 4809 university students randomly selected were measured by use of the Healthy Lifestyle Scale for University Students questionnaire. When controlling for the other variables, the total healthy lifestyles score was predicted by gender, grade, father's level of education, and type of institution; exercise behaviour was partially predicted by gender, grade, type of institution, and family monthly income; regular behaviour was modulated by gender, grade, type of institution, family monthly income, and father's educational level; nutrition behaviour was partially affected by type of institution, family monthly income, and father's educational level; health risk behaviour was modulated by gender, mother's level of education, and family monthly income; health responsibility was modulated by gender, grade, type of institution, and father's educational level; social support was modulated by gender, grade, and father's educational level; stress management was modulated by gender, grade, type of institution, and mother's education level; life appreciation was modulated by grade, type of institution...

Healthy Lifestyles and Attitudes Towards Preventive Counseling: a Survey of Chinese and US Medical Students

Sebranek, Matthew Paul
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%

BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases are currently the leading cause of death worldwide. Leading healthy lifestyles as a means of prevention is one of the most important aspects of preventing the occurrence of non-communicable diseases. Working from the premise that physicians globally serve as role models for patients and their health beliefs can influence how they interact and counsel patients, this international study ("MedLife") seeks to examine the self-report of health behaviors and clinical practice attitudes towards preventive counseling of medical students at institutions in China and the US, and identify any associations between these behaviors and students' clinical practice attitudes towards preventive counseling of future patients.

METHODS: From 2012-2013, a total of 860/1,216 (response rate = 71%) medical students from Duke University in the US and Peking University Health Science Center and Xi'an Jiaotong University in China completed culturally-adapted web versions of the 33-item "MedLife" questionnaire. Items from the survey were pulled from previously validated survey tools and included questions on diet, exercise, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Alcohol consumption was divided into heavy drinking and binge drinking. Prevalence estimates of health behaviors and attitudes towards preventive counseling in the domains of diet...