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Redes no terceiro setor: condições favoráveis à transferência de conhecimento.; Networks in nonprofit sector: favorable conditions for knowledge transfer.

Heckert, Cristiano Rocha
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/12/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
A demanda por serviços oferecidos pelas organizações sem fins lucrativos tem crescido consideravelmente. Por outro lado, a necessária expansão na oferta requer melhorias no desempenho operacional daquelas instituições. Para isso, não é possível simplesmente importar conceitos e ferramentas desenvolvidos para empresas ou órgãos públicos. As organizações necessitam de metodologias de operação coerentes com as especificidades do setor sem fins lucrativos. Desenvolver tal conhecimento internamente requer estrutura organizacional e recursos, na maioria das vezes, indisponíveis. A formação de redes surge, então, como alternativa interessante para transferir conhecimento relativo à prestação de serviços entre organizações sem fins lucrativos. Esta Tese procura identificar que condições favorecem a transferência de conhecimento nas redes com participação significativa de organizações do terceiro setor. Por meio de um survey exploratório seguido de estudos de caso em quatro redes selecionadas, observa-se que a transferência de conhecimento é favorecida se: o propósito da rede contribui para o desempenho da missão dos membros; a rede conta com agentes facilitadores em sua estrutura; a rede é liderada de forma democrática e participativa; a rede disponibiliza recursos para os membros executarem suas atividades; a rede se comunica por canais de baixo custo; e os membros possuem capacitação prévia para absorverem o conhecimento transferido na rede.; The demand for services provided by nonprofits is increasing significantly. On the other hand...

Transferência de conhecimento na cadeia de suprimentos: um estudo em cadeias no Brasil e no Peru.; Knowledge transfer into a supply chain: a study within supply chains from Brazil and Peru.

Villanueva Llapa, Ana Daneida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
O estudo da transferência de conhecimento no âmbito interorganizacional, dentro de uma cadeia de suprimentos, centra seu interesse nos fluxos de informação nos ganhos de eficiência. Embora a eficiente transferência de conhecimento seja vista como central para o sucesso da empresa, a maioria dos autores até o momento não especifica, ou testa os processos e mecanismos fundamentais através dos quais a transferência de conhecimento acontece entre as organizações de uma cadeia. Por esse motivo, para entender a transferência de conhecimento dentro da cadeia, definiu-se o seguinte objetivo: identificar as formas de transferência de conhecimento entre empresas participantes em uma cadeia de suprimentos e os fatores que influenciam o processo. Para tanto, foram estudadas empresas pertencentes a uma cadeia de suprimentos do setor têxtil: uma no Peru, a cadeia têxtil da fibra de alpaca e outra no Brasil, uma cadeia de fibras mistas (algodão e sintético). No embasamento teórico os principais temas abordados foram: a) as formas de transferência de conhecimento baseados no agrupamento de Argote et. al. (2000): movimentação de pessoal, treinamento, comunicação...

Determinantes da transferência reversa de conhecimento tecnológico nas empresas multinacionais brasileiras; Determinants of the of reverse technology knowledge transfer in Brazilian multinational corporations

Silveira, Franciane Freitas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/12/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
A transferência de conhecimento internacional é fonte fundamental de vantagem competitiva das empresas multinacionais. Em razão do pressuposto tradicional de que a matriz da multinacional é a principal fonte de conhecimento, a maioria dos estudos tem-se centrado na transferência de conhecimento da matriz para as subsidiárias. Entretanto, a importância estratégica da subsidiária tem crescido nas últimas dédadas, em razão de seus recursos e de suas capacidades que podem contribuir ativamente para a geração de valor e o subsequente ganho de vantagem competitiva para toda a corporação multinacional. Este estudo investiga os fatores determinantes da transferência de conhecimento tecnológico que parte da subsidiária para a matriz (transferência reversa), em empresas multinacionais brasileiras, procurado integrar as contribuições da visão baseada no conhecimento e da teoria das redes. Para testar os pressupostos, foi conduzido um survey eletrônico com 78 subsidiárias, de um universo de 240 subsidiárias no exterior em 63 empresas multinacionais brasileiras. O método para a análise dos dados foi a modelagem de equações estruturais com estimação partial least esquare. Os resultados mostram que, ainda que em média extensão...

Proposta de diretrizes em portal colaborativo para transferência do conhecimento em ambientes de desenvolvimento de empreendimentos inovadores; Guidelines model on collaborative portal for knowledge transfer in innovative ventures development environments

Blaskovsky, Cintia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/01/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
A gestão empresarial, de uma forma em geral, enfrenta novos contextos quanto à sua estrutura organizacional que suporte a dinâmica do mercado, que incentive a aprendizagem, que esteja antecipada as tendências de consumo e necessidades dos clientes; e que possa ser criativa o suficiente para promover a inovação. Neste sentido, o conhecimento se torna um recurso estratégico para as empresas. Este estudo teve como objetivo propor diretrizes para um portal colaborativo para a transferência do conhecimento no contexto de ambientes de desenvolvimento de empreendimentos inovadores visando a melhoria no processo de inovação e desenvolvimento dos negócios das empresas incubadas. Quanto ao desenvolvimento, baseado em estudos norteadores sobre gestão do conhecimento, transferência do conhecimento para aspectos da colaboração e portais, foi aplicada a metodologia de modelagem organizacional Enterprise Knowledge Development (EKD). Os resultados abordaram três perspectivas: o modelo do estado atual, a análise das necessidades de mudança e o modelo do estado futuro, que apresentam em principal, o modelo de componentes e requisitos técnicos que norteiam as diretrizes para o portal colaborativo, para a transferência do conhecimento...

The impact of knowledge transfer on innovation in multinational corporations: Exploring the contingent effects

Nunes, Anne Catherine Lopes Pereira
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /06/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; This direct research explores the contingencies of the relation between knowledge transfer and new product outcomes in Multinational companies. Indeed, in a MNC context, “the conditions under which such knowledge transfer can serve to induce positive outcomes remain unclear.”(Lee, 2008, p 1) After a deep literature review of knowledge transfer and new product outcomes literature, an exploratory study was conducted to understand which factors can influence the impact of knowledge transfer in new product outcomes, with the purpose to give insights about the way to approach a further study. We propose the following three internal contingencies: network strength, absorptive capacity, customer orientation and an external one: technological turbulence, through a semi structured interview guide conducted with 12 top managers. Globally, the exploratory study has provided confirmation for the variables proposed.

Relevant factors for tacit knowledge transfer within organizations: an exploratory study

Lemos,Bernardo; Joia,Luiz Antonio
Fonte: Universidade Federal de São Carlos Publicador: Universidade Federal de São Carlos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Knowledge and management of such knowledge have been studied for some time now in the field of Management. However, in the 1990s, with the growth in the economy based on intangible assets, companies needed more than an unstructured approach to corporate knowledge management to succeed in this new competitive environment. Therefore, this article aims to identify, in an exploratory way, the relevant factors for tacit knowledge transfer within a major Brazilian oil company trough a case study. This study reviews the literature concerning tacit knowledge transfer within organizations, and using a quantitative approach based on exploratory factorial analysis, it collects facts in order to identify the relevant factors for tacit knowledge transfer within the organization under study. It can be said that idiosyncratic factors, the knowledge management strategy adopted by the company, and its organizational structure are the critical elements for the success of tacit knowledge transfer within the organization under analysis. Finally, three propositions arising from the results obtained are then consolidated and presented in order that they may be tested in a future explanatory study and the research limitation are unveiled.

Knowledge transfer in product development: an analysis of Brazilian subsidiaries of multinational corporations

Schreiber,Dusan; Vilela Junior,Dalton Chaves; Vargas,Lilia Maria; Maçada,Antonio Carlos Gastaud
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Several studies about knowledge transfer in multinational corporations have found that the process is influenced by factors such as absorptive capacity, tacit knowledge and power relations, all of which impact knowledge sharing strategies between corporate headquarters and foreign subsidiaries. A multiple case study of Brazilian subsidiaries of three multinational corporations using in-depth interviews, based on a conceptual model consisting of four propositions, was conducted to identify factors linked to the knowledge transfer process and to assess their influence on that transfer. The first proposition tries to assess explicit knowledge, primarily through the use of IT tools; the second analyzes the role of the subsidiary within the corporate network and how it influences the degree of knowledge sharing. The third assesses the influence of subsidiary absorptive capacity and the fourth analyzes the impact of worker exchange programs on knowledge sharing between headquarters and foreign subsidiaries. Study results confirm the four propositions and enable the identification of relationships between factors, especially explicit knowledge and worker expatriation as complementary factors in knowledge transfer strategies.

Knowledge transfer intervention theory : a model grounded in the strategies used by intermediate agents in the context of education

Awad, Nathalie C.
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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La présente thèse se base sur les principes de la théorisation ancrée (Strauss & Corbin, 1998) afin de répondre au manque de documentation concernant les stratégies adoptées par des « agents intermédiaires » pour promouvoir l’utilisation des connaissances issues de la recherche auprès des intervenants en éducation. Le terme « agent intermédiaire » réfère aux personnes qui sont positionnées à l’interface entre les producteurs et les utilisateurs des connaissances scientifiques et qui encouragent et soutiennent les intervenants scolaires dans l’application des connaissances scientifiques dans leur pratique. L’étude s’inscrit dans le cadre d’un projet du ministère de l’Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport du Québec visant à améliorer la réussite scolaire des élèves du secondaire provenant de milieux défavorisés. Des agents intermédiaires de différents niveaux du système éducatif ayant obtenu le mandat de transférer des connaissances issues de la recherche auprès des intervenants scolaires dans les écoles visées par le projet ont été sollicités pour participer à l’étude. Une stratégie d’échantillonnage de type « boule-de-neige » (Biernacki & Waldorf, 1981; Patton, 1990) a été employée afin d’identifier les personnes reconnues par leurs pairs pour la qualité du soutien offert aux intervenants scolaires quant à l’utilisation de la recherche dans leur pratique. Seize entrevues semi-structurées ont été réalisées. L’analyse des données permet de proposer un modèle d’intervention en transfert de connaissances composé de 32 stratégies d’influence...

Challenges to Sustainable Knowledge Transfer in cross-cultural Teacher Education

MARI, ANDREA
Fonte: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma Publicador: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
The policy of transferring international educational knowledge across cultural and geographical borders has become a common practice for the international community, especially after the 1990 Education for All (EFA) agreement. Egypt is complying with this policy by relying on teacher education to transfer international knowledge to more traditional sectors, in an attempt to bridge the quality gap in its national (Early Childhood) education system. However, according to many scholars, knowledge transfer is not a straightforward process, as educational settings and knowledge are autopoietic, value-laden and idiosyncratic. At the same time, constructivist and reflective models of teacher education, which claim to foster sustainable knowledge transfer, are becoming increasingly popular. ‘Sustainable transfer’ is defined here as the process by which international knowledge is successfully accommodated within local educational settings. This study investigates the circumstances which may hinder or facilitate the transfer of international knowledge to local developing realities within the framework of constructivist and reflective teacher education, in order to understand the sustainability of this international policy.

The role of knowledge transfer and network relationships for stimulating growth in the professional services sector

Eibel-Spanyi, K.; Freeman, S.
Fonte: Inderscience Publishers Publicador: Inderscience Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
This paper examines the central role of knowledge transfer and network relationships in the context of services, focusing especially on professional service firms (PSFs). It develops a conceptual framework applying the knowledge-based view (KBV) of the firm to explain how knowledge transfer capability and network relationships impact the ability of PSFs in stimulating growth via innovation and internationalisation. This conceptual framework is supported by three propositions and emphasises the close and interdependent relationship of knowledge transfer and network relationships. It is proposed that the strategy of a PSF needs to specifically address the role of knowledge and networks for success in innovation and internationalisation, with ultimate impact on PSFs growth. Areas of future research and managerial implications are outlined.; Katalin Eibel-Spanyi, Susan Freeman

Whisper: Supporting Knowledge Transfer for Academics

Slater, Mark David
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: articles
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Final doctoral research paper presented at JCDL 2005 Inaugural Doctoral Consortium, 7 June 2005, Denver, Colorado, USA.; Today, despite decades of research, computer support for academic knowledge workers is fragmented and poorly integrated. While office automation and other forms of Computer Supported Collaborative Work(CSCW) approacheshavebenefitted academics, nosingleenvironmenttodayintegratesthebasic activities of the academic knowledge worker, including: individually or collaboratively writing research papers, sharing researchpapers, reviewingpapersforpublicationin ajournal or conference, andpersis tently sharing comments and observations on existing literature. We have developed an initial model that describes the mechanisms used by academics to transfer knowledge to other individuals, project groups, and communities, as well as mechanisms used to transfer knowledge within project groups and communities. Based on ourmodel, with revisions stemmingfromtheresults of ourstudy,wewilldevelop a novel environment calledWhisper(forWebInformationSharing Project),that will supportthe mech anisms of knowledge transfer between academics. Whisper will provide tools for academics, including digital library spaces with shared articles and annotations...

Knowledge Transfer in the Mirror: Reflections on the Determinants of Research Groups and Companies Collaborative Patterns within Andalusia's Regional Innovation System

Pinto, Hugo
Fonte: Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
Knowledge transfer is a crucial aspect for the new paradigm of science-industry cooperation. The new role of universities and the relevance of external knowledge to firm's competitiveness brought a huge attention to this process both in analytical and decision-making terms. Commonly, formal mechanisms as intellectual property rights licensing, research contracts and spinning-off are the focus of the policy interventions and studies but the role of informality is being underlined by several recent research results. This article explores the crucial factors that induce science and industry collaborations in Andalusia, a catching-up region in Spanish and European context. The study uses limited dependent and count data regression analysis based in a survey applied in parallel to research groups and firms. The estimated regressions create a mirror image between these two institutional spheres stressing aspects that are more relevant in each reality to stimulate the existence, number, diversity and informality of knowledge transfer. The results give relevant insights for policies to stimulate knowledge transfer in technology moderate intensive South European regions.; Texto da comunicação apresentada ao 51st European Congress of The Regional Science Association International...

Towards a Knowledge Transfer 2.0 Process with an Impact on a Companies of Social Business

Giraldo L.M.; Joyanes L.; Tabares M.S.
Fonte: Springer Verlag Publicador: Springer Verlag
Tipo: conferencePaper; info:eu-repo/semantics/conferencePaper
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
This paper discusses a knowledge transfer 2.0 process that guides the construction of knowledge networks in collaborative environments based on the business model put forward by social business. This process is defined as a workspace to deployment the knowledge transfer 2.0 model (COOPIN 2.0), which was created to strengthen multi-directional communication that actively uses social media. The process was developed in three stages. As a starting point, work was focused on the cultural change towards knowledge transfer and organizational collaboration. Then, the process of knowledge transfer was designed following the methods of observation, experimentation, analysis, and assessment, using a case study to assess the validity of the process. The results shown a change in individual and organizational culture towards a culture of knowledge transfer, along with improving maturity levels in terms of collaboration since the onset of the process. Thus, we come to the conclusion that any knowledge-creation company should adhere to a knowledge transfer process in order to support the company's social business. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.

Knowledge transfer and learning: problems of knowledge transfer associated with trying to short-circuit the learning cycle

Newell,Sue
Fonte: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP Publicador: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
Knowledge is considered to be a key organizational resource in the 21st century and the knowledge management 'movement' has alerted organizations to the fact that they should more strategically exploit their knowledge assets. Companies are thus lured by the suggestion that they can gain competitive advantage by the more astute management of their knowledge base and in particular, by the transfer of knowledge across individuals, groups and organizational units, using IT to accomplish this. In this paper, we reflect on this common view of knowledge transfer. More specifically, we question an implication of this view - essentially the possibility of short-circuiting the learning cycle, so that individuals do not have to rely on their personal or shared experiences to identify better practices, but can learn from the codified lessons of others in IT systems. More importantly, we consider the characteristics of knowledge - that knowledge is distributed, ambiguous and disruptive - that makes its transfer highly problematic. Drawing on case research, we relate this to the learning cycle (Kolb 1984) and thereby identify barriers to knowledge transfer. We conclude by considering ways of overcoming these barriers by emphasizing the importance of social systems alongside technical systems.

Knowledge transfer from european multinational corporations to their subsidiaries in China: contextual perspectives and expatriate's roles

Jincheng, Wang
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
Tese de doutoramento em Gestão Global, Estratégia e Empreendedorismo/JEL classification: F2, M1; This study aims to explore the factors impeding the knowledge transfer from European multinational corporations’ (MNC) headquarters to their subsidiaries in China. And the roles that the expatriates play in the process of knowledge transfer are also examined. A quantitative research method is adopted in this study. We collected 67 questionnaires in total responded by the European expatriates in China. The results indicate that the expatriates actively participate in a wide range of knowledge transfer areas and that seven factors related to various contexts are identified by the expatriates as the primary causes of the difficulties in the process of knowledge transfer. The analysis of the results, which is related to the overall contexts in China, is also presented. We conclude the study with the limitations and suggestions for future research.; Esta tese investiga os fatores que impedem a transferência de conhecimento das sedes das Empresas Multinacionais Europeias (EME) para as suas subsidiárias chinesas. Investiga também o papel que os expatriados desempenham no processo de transferência de conhecimento. Esta investigação utilizou um método de pesquisa quantitativo. Foram recolhidos 67 questionários preenchidos por expatriados europeus. Os resultados indicam que os expatriados participam ativamente em várias áreas de transferência do conhecimento. Os expatriados identificaram sete fatores relacionados com vários contextos como causas primárias das dificuldades do processo de transferência de conhecimento. A tese apresenta a análise de resultados relacionando com o contexto geral da China. Concluímos com as limitações e sugestões para investigação futura.

La transferencia de conocimientos desde las Humanidades: posibilidades y características; The knowledge transfer from the Humanities: possibilities and characteristics

Castro Martínez, Elena; Fernández de Lucio, Ignacio; Pérez Marín, Marián; Criado-Boado, Felipe
Fonte: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España) Publicador: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 21265 bytes; application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Monográfico: "Dimensiones y dinámicas de la transferencia de conocimiento".; [EN]: This article analyzes the specific features that characterise knowledge transfer from Social Sciences and Humanities research groups to their socioeconomic environment. First, it shows that knowledge transfer is a complex and evolving concept. Second, to capture this complexity we identify the factors that affect knowledge transfer following Bozeman’s model (2000). We then apply the model to the empirical data obtained from interviews with heads of research groups in the Spanish Council for Scientific Research. The results show that the characteristics of the transfer process (in terms of the type of agents involved, the content of the transfer, dissemination mechanisms, receivers and the contextual factors, barriers to transfer) are very different in the social sciences and humanities from those prevalent in the experimental sciences and engineering. Consequently the policies to support efficient knowledge transfer must also be different and tailored to the specific characteristics of knowledge and production and use in the social sciences and humanities.e; [ES]: En este artículo se analizan las características de la transferencia de conocimiento desde unas disciplinas concretas...

La transferencia de conocimientos en la cooperación al desarrollo; The knowledge transfer in the cooperation for development

Sebastián, Jesús
Fonte: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España) Publicador: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 21268 bytes; application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
Publicado en el número 732 (2008) de 'Arbor: Ciencia, Pensamiento, Cultura', bajo el título monográfico: " Dimensiones y dinámicas de la transferencia de conocimiento ".; [ES] El artículo constituye una introducción al complejo tema de la transferencia de conocimiento en las actividades de cooperación al desarrollo. Se analiza la multidimensionalidad de los procesos de transferencia y su variedad en función de los objetivos de las actividades, poniéndose énfasis en las condiciones que pueden favorecer la absorción de los conocimientos y su impacto en el desarrollo. El modelo de Bozeman puede ser útil para el análisis a nivel “micro” de procesos de transferencia de conocimiento en actividades concretas de cooperación, pero es insuficiente para entender la dinámica de estos procesos por la importancia que tienen los flujos y las interacciones entre los actores; [EN] The article is an introduction to the complex topic of knowledge transfer in the cooperation for development. It is analyzed the multiple dimensions and plurality of the knowledge transfer process due to the diversity of objetives and context of the cooperation activities. The absorption capacity is a key condition for a successful knowledge transfer. The model proposed by Bozeman can be useful to analyze specific transfer process at “micro” level...

Transferencia de conocimiento entre comunidades científicas; Knowledge Transfer Between Scientific Communities

Echeverría Ezponda, Javier
Fonte: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España) Publicador: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 21291 bytes; application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
Publicado en el número 731 (2008) de 'Arbor: Ciencia, Pensamiento, Cultura', bajo el título monográfico: "Sociología del saber: el papel de las comunidades especializadas en el proceso de conocimiento".; [EN] Several epistemic innovations (knowledge advances) may be considered to be a result of processes of knowledge transfer among different scientific communities. In addition to generating knowledge in their different specialization fields, scientists use knowledge produced in diverse scientific fields. By reinterpreting von Hippel’s (2005) proposals, we analyze different sources of epistemic innovation and apply that model to concrete examples; suppliers (ISI), distributors (Nature, Science) and transdisciplinary users of the scientific knowledge. We conclude that transfer processes can generate innovation if they are produced between knowledge networks with different innovation nodes. This kind of proposals can be applied to different types of knowledge (science, technology, arts, culture) and even so to knowledge transmission to society.; [ES] Algunas innovaciones epistémicas (avances del conocimiento) pueden ser analizadas como resultado de procesos de transferencia de conocimiento entre diferentes comunidades científicas. Los científicos no sólo producen conocimiento en su ámbito de especialización...

Knowledge transfer and learning: problems of knowledge transfer associated with trying to short-circuit the learning cycle

Newell, Sue
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2005 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
Knowledge is considered to be a key organizational resource in the 21st century and the knowledge management 'movement' has alerted organizations to the fact that they should more strategically exploit their knowledge assets. Companies are thus lured by the suggestion that they can gain competitive advantage by the more astute management of their knowledge base and in particular, by the transfer of knowledge across individuals, groups and organizational units, using IT to accomplish this. In this paper, we reflect on this common view of knowledge transfer. More specifically, we question an implication of this view - essentially the possibility of short-circuiting the learning cycle, so that individuals do not have to rely on their personal or shared experiences to identify better practices, but can learn from the codified lessons of others in IT systems. More importantly, we consider the characteristics of knowledge - that knowledge is distributed, ambiguous and disruptive - that makes its transfer highly problematic. Drawing on case research, we relate this to the learning cycle (Kolb 1984) and thereby identify barriers to knowledge transfer. We conclude by considering ways of overcoming these barriers by emphasizing the importance of social systems alongside technical systems.

MECHANISMS OF KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER IN MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS: A COMPARISON BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND EMERGING MULTINATIONALS DOI:10.5773/rai.v8i2.563; MECANISMOS DE TRANSFERÊNCIA DE CONHECIMENTO: UMA COMPARAÇÃO ENTRE MULTINACIONAIS TRADICIONAIS E EMERGENTES DOI: 10.5773/rai.v8i2.563

Rocha, Thelma Valéria; Borini, Felipe Mendes
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este artigo discute o processo de transferência de conhecimento da matriz para as subsidiárias praticado por multinacionais tradicionais (países da tríade composta por Europa, Estados Unidos e Japão) e emergentes (país de origem Brasil). O objetivo é comparar os mecanismos de transferência de conhecimento praticados por esses dois grupos. O método de pesquisa é quantitativo, por meio de duas survey, uma com 101 multinacionais tradicionais instaladas no Brasil, e outra com 65 subsidiárias de multinacionais brasileiras. Os resultados mostram que o mecanismo de maior destaque, utilizado por multinacionais tradicionais, para transferir o conhecimento da matriz para as subsidiárias são as best practices (melhores práticas), enquanto para as multinacionais emergentes são os expatriados. Como contribuição, este estudo preenche uma lacuna relacionada com estudos acerca da transferência de conhecimento em multinacionais emergentes.; This article discusses the processes of knowledge transfer from headquarters to subsidiaries practiced by traditional multinationals (triad countries composed of Europe, the USA and Japan) and emerging corporations (country of origin Brazil). The objective is to compare the mechanisms for transferring knowledge in these two groups. The research method is quantitative...