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Gestão do conhecimento em transnacionais: o ambiente organizacional como instrumento disseminador; Knowledge management in transnational organizations: the organizational environment as a scatter instrument

CUNHA, Julio Araujo Carneiro da; YOKOMIZO, Cesar Akira; CAPELLINI, Gustavo de Almeida
Fonte: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP Publicador: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
National economies are gradually opening wide for international trade; this trend compels organizations, mainly the internationalized ones, to be more prepared to effectively and efficiently compete worldwide. In this context, the goal of this study was to identify and describe strategies and practices which promote knowledge flows within an international organization that holds its headquarter in a developed country and subsidiaries in developing countries. Methodological procedures include the explicit examination of codified information between subsidiaries units, through interviews and document analysis, in order to capture the tacit dimension in the causal maps that were made. Main results show an organizational strategy focused on the continuous stimuli to the construction of an organizational environment, embedded with solicitude between knowledge senders and receivers, and with a formal information management that supports knowledge exchanges and flows in a worldwide context.

Knowledge and information flows in supply chains: A study on pharmaceutical companies

PEDROSO, Marcelo Caldeira; NAKANO, Davi
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
A great deal of attention in the supply chain management literature is devoted to study material and demand information flows and their coordination. But in many situations, supply chains may convey information from different nature, they may be an important channel companies have to deliver knowledge, or specifically, technical information to the market. This paper studies the technical flow and highlights its particular requirements. Drawing upon a qualitative field research, it studies pharmaceutical companies, since those companies face a very specific challenge: consumers do not have discretion over their choices, ethical drugs must be prescribed by physicians to be bought and used by final consumers. Technical information flow is rich, and must be redundant and early delivered at multiple points. Thus, apart from the regular material channel where products and order information flow, those companies build a specialized information channel, developed to communicate to those who need it to create demand. Conclusions can be extended to supply chains where products and services are complex and decision makers must be clearly informed about technology-related information. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Estrutura organizacional e gestão do conhecimento ; Organizacional Design and Knowledge Management

Perrotti, Edoardo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
Determinar quais os efeitos dos subsistemas componentes da estrutura organizacional na geração e disseminação do conhecimento é o objetivo principal proposto nesta pesquisa. Para isto há necessidade de entender como o conhecimento e as informações circulam dentro das organizações, quais tipos de conhecimento são estes, quais processos são utilizados para disseminação dos novos conhecimentos adquiridos, como são gerados os conhecimentos nas organizações, como a empresa está estruturada, dentre outros temas relevantes para o estudo. Com os dados gerais obtidos através da aplicação das entrevistas, foi elaborada uma análise qualitativa para detecção de correlação efetiva entre questões e variáveis. O presente estudo permitiu concluir que a Estrutura Organizacional pode ter efeito substancialmente positivo sobre a Gestão do Conhecimento, principalmente quando adotadas as práticas de trabalho com equipes multidisciplinares para resolução de problemas ou projetos de melhoria e quando coexistirem sistemas de comunicação e ambiente propícios para o desenvolvimento de uma cultura de aprendizagem e compartilhamento do conhecimento através do contato pessoal, com adequado suporte de tecnologia. ; The main goal of this research is to determinate how the Organizational Design Systems can impact the generation and dissemination of knowledge. It is necessary to understand how the information and knowledge flow within the organizations...

Estudo dos programas de reciclagem da USP/São Carlos e da UFSCar através da logística reversa e gestão do conhecimento; Study of the USP/São Carlos and UFSCar's recycling programs through the reverse logistics and knowledge management

Piassi, Leandro Martines
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/03/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
Este trabalho tem como principal objetivo o de comparar os programas de reciclagem de resíduos sólidos da USP campus São Carlos e da UFSCar campus São Carlos através da logística reversa e da gestão do conhecimento. A principal razão para o desenvolvimento do trabalho é identificar lacunas no fluxo de conhecimento dos programas e, de posse dos dados, sugerir melhorias nesse fluxo. O método consiste em caracterizar os programas desde sua organização até a execução do trabalho e, posteriormente, através dos dados dos questionários aplicados, identificar as possíveis lacunas no fluxo do conhecimento nos programas. As principais conclusões do presente trabalho é que ambos os programas apresentam similaridades nos processos reversos de reintrodução à cadeia produtiva dos resíduos gerados e que as lacunas existentes no fluxo de conhecimento podem prejudicar o andamento dos programas. Os métodos apresentados servem de incentivo e alerta para outros programas de reciclagem de universidades do país e para programas internos de empresas que não priorizam o gerenciamento do fluxo do conhecimento em suas instituições.; The main aim oh this work is to compare the recycling programs of USP campus São Carlos and UFSCar campus São Carlos using the concepts of the reverse logistics and knowledge management. The principal reason for the development of this work is to identify the gaps in the knowledge flow of the programs and...

Determinantes da transferência reversa de conhecimento tecnológico nas empresas multinacionais brasileiras; Determinants of the of reverse technology knowledge transfer in Brazilian multinational corporations

Silveira, Franciane Freitas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/12/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
A transferência de conhecimento internacional é fonte fundamental de vantagem competitiva das empresas multinacionais. Em razão do pressuposto tradicional de que a matriz da multinacional é a principal fonte de conhecimento, a maioria dos estudos tem-se centrado na transferência de conhecimento da matriz para as subsidiárias. Entretanto, a importância estratégica da subsidiária tem crescido nas últimas dédadas, em razão de seus recursos e de suas capacidades que podem contribuir ativamente para a geração de valor e o subsequente ganho de vantagem competitiva para toda a corporação multinacional. Este estudo investiga os fatores determinantes da transferência de conhecimento tecnológico que parte da subsidiária para a matriz (transferência reversa), em empresas multinacionais brasileiras, procurado integrar as contribuições da visão baseada no conhecimento e da teoria das redes. Para testar os pressupostos, foi conduzido um survey eletrônico com 78 subsidiárias, de um universo de 240 subsidiárias no exterior em 63 empresas multinacionais brasileiras. O método para a análise dos dados foi a modelagem de equações estruturais com estimação partial least esquare. Os resultados mostram que, ainda que em média extensão...

Fluxo de conhecimento na interação universidade-empresa : uma análise de setores tradicionais e de alta tecnologia no Brasil e na Holanda

Dalmarco, Gustavo
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
O presente estudo tem por objetivo caracterizar o fluxo de conhecimento na interação universidade-empresa, identificando a relação em diferentes setores de diferentes países. O conceito de fluxo de conhecimento é apresentado como um complemento às teorias atuais de interação universidade-empresa, descritas principalmente pelo Triângulo de Sábato e pela Hélice Tripla. Argumenta-se que a interação universidade-empresa vem sendo apresentada pelo papel dos atores e canais de transferência de conhecimento, mas não deixa claro qual ator é responsável por iniciar a interação e o conteúdo de conhecimento transferido. Com isso, o conceito de fluxo de conhecimento é descrito pelo ator responsável por estimular a interação e pelo conteúdo de conhecimento, seja científico ou aplicado, transferido entre atores. A pesquisa foi conduzida pelo método de estudo de caso, em dois setores, horticultura e espacial, de dois países, Brasil e Holanda, totalizando 27 casos. Os resultados demonstram diferenças no fluxo de conhecimento entre os atores, relacionadas principalmente na comparação entre os países, e não tanto quanto aos setores. Os setores de horticultura e espacial holandeses possuem uma estrutura de conhecimento formada por universidades...

Important aspects to the development of the supply chain management to promote innovation

Sohn, Ana Paula Lisboa; Vieira, Filipa Dionísio; Casarotto Filho, Nelson
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
The new economy, also called knowledge economy, shifts radically the basis of competition and highlights the merger of firms; the cooperation, without eliminating the role of competition; the customized and flexible production systems. It also points out the collective efficiency, which demands a new model of management of network relationships. In this context, profound changes in organizational structures are observed leading to the obsolescence of isolated companies and the emergence of networks of companies and supply chain managements. Based on this new paradigm of competitiveness, the objective of this article is to present relevant aspects of the development of supply chain managements to promote the innovation. This is an academic research, which encompasses technical and bibliographic procedures. The conquest of dynamic competitiveness depends on the growing search for optimal systems both in and out of the organizational boundary. In this context the creation of a new model of competitiveness with emphasis on the competition among supply chains highlights that organizations are part of a transitional stage which in the beginning focused on an individual efficiency and nowadays concentrates the attention on a collective efficiency. The supply chain management to promote the innovation must be focused on aspects related to technologies...

Knowledge Flow Analysis for Security Protocols

Torlak, Emina; van Dijk, Marten; Gassend, Blaise; Jackson, Daniel; Devadas, Srinivas
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 23 p.; 22738148 bytes; 915258 bytes; application/postscript; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
Knowledge flow analysis offers a simple and flexible way to find flaws in security protocols. A protocol is described by a collection of rules constraining the propagation of knowledge amongst principals. Because this characterization corresponds closely to informal descriptions of protocols, it allows a succinct and natural formalization; because it abstracts away message ordering, and handles communications between principals and applications of cryptographic primitives uniformly, it is readily represented in a standard logic. A generic framework in the Alloy modelling language is presented, and instantiated for two standard protocols, and a new key management scheme.

Organizational capacity and knowledge transfer : a qualitative case study of the 2007 Canada Winter Games host society

Rioux, Melody
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.86%
Understanding and managing the knowledge transfer process in sport organizations is an essential component to enhance organizational capacity. Very little research on either capacity or knowledge transfer within a sport organization exists. Consequently, the purpos e of this qualitative case study was to, examine the transfer of knowledge process within a major games host society. Specifically, two research goals guided the study: 1) To develop a model to explain a knowledge t r ans f e r process in a non-profit ma jor games hos t organization and 2) To examine the relevance of the model to a Canada Games Hos t Society. Data we r e collected from interviews with middle and senior level volunteers as well as senior s t a f f members (n= 27), document s and observations. The findings indicated three barriers to knowledge transfer: structural, systemic, and cultural. As a result of the findings a revised model for knowledge transfer wa s proposed that included modifications related to the direction of knowledge flow, timing of the knowledge transfer process, and group inter-relations. Implications identified the importance of intuition managers, time and organizational levels for successful knowledge transfer. Recommendations for future host societies and the Canada Games Council are presented.

Towards Open Knowledge : The State of World Bank Knowledge Services

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
This first World Bank Knowledge Report launches what is intended as a series of World Bank Knowledge Reports. Although knowledge is a fundamental to the Bank s overall mission, and informs all of the Bank s development activities, it has not received the same degree of attention from management that has been accorded to its lending activities. By paying attention to knowledge work as a distinct service, the Bank and our stakeholders will be able to better understand the results of that work. This will lead to better management of the knowledge production process, more strategic partnerships with other knowledge institutions, and greater operational and policy impact. As the first in the series, this report spends some time surveying the horizon describing what kind of knowledge activities the World Bank undertakes and what its experience with this type of work has been. Consultations within the Bank and with external reviewers and partners during preparation of the report have enabled the institution to speak more clearly about the full range of these activities...

Toward a program of research on knowledge flow in the very-large enterprise

Nissen, Mark E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Knowledge is power. As the U.S. Navy is working to revise its strategy and tactics through knowledge-centric warfare, it is apparent that knowledge flow is key. However, our current state of understanding does not address the phenomenology of knowledge flow well, nor do we have the benefit of knowledge-flow theory and its application to very-large enterprises such as the Navy. Without such basic understanding, one cannot expect to design effective systems and processes for network-centric warfare. The basic research program proposed here addresses this deficiency directly through its three-pronged technical approach: (1) develop and refine a model of knowledge-flow theory, emphasizing the very-large enterprise (e.g., Navy, Department of Defense); (2) develop a contingency model for matching the most appropriate process and system designs to enterprise knowledge-flow patterns; (3) assess the performance effects of alternative knowledge systems and processes through simulation (e.g., of naval warfare, personnel processes). Informed by the basic science of knowledge-flow theory, this work can propel knowledge management toward the methods and tools commonly used for engineering work-a quantum shift from the current state of affairs. This basic research also directly supports ongoing...

Facilitating Naval knowledge flow

Nissen, Mark E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Knowledge is power. As the U.S. Navy is working to revise its strategy and tactics through network-centric warfare, it is apparent that knowledge flow is key. However, our current state of understanding does not address the phenomenology of knowledge flow well, nor do we have the benefit of knowledge-flow theory and its application to very-large enterprises such as the Navy. Without such basic understanding, one cannot expect to design effective systems and processes for network-centric warfare. Imagine trying to develop useful electronic devices such as amplifiers or integrated circuits without a good understanding of electrical flow. Or imagine the difficulty of developing useful aircraft devices such as engines or wings without thoroughly understanding air flow. Likewise, how can one expect to develop useful enterprise devices such as knowledge amplifiers or knowledge engines without understanding knowledge flow? Informed by advances in knowledge-flow theory, this work can propel knowledge management toward the methods and tools commonly used for engineering work-a quantum shift from the current state of affairs. The present article takes a step in this direction. It is intended to serve a something of a navigational chart, to help guide communities of practice as they seek out new knowledge to facilitate naval knowledge flow.

Contextual criticality of knowledge-flow dynamics: the tragedy of friendly fire

Nissen, Mark E.; Jansen, Erik; Jones, Carl R.; Thomas, Gail Fann
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
Recent research has produced models that improve our ability to identify, describe and explain a diversity of knowledge-flow patterns that manifest themselves in various enterprises, which improves our efficacy in designing organizations and processes. But enterprises do not all operate in the same environmental context and current theory is relatively silent on contextual implications of knowledge flow. The research described in this technical report builds upon current theory to explicitly address the contextual implications of knowledge flow in terms of organization and process design. Using a recently developed, multidimensional model to characterize and delineate a variety of enterprise knowledge flows, we integrate key aspects of Coordination Theory and extend this model to address context. The use, utility and implications of this extended model are described through application to an extreme case in which knowledge flows are embedded within a hazardous, time-critical context with mortal consequences: a military friendly fire incident in Northern Iraq. The extreme nature of this application case provides revelatory insight into the contextual importance of knowledge-flow dynamics, and by using such an extreme case for application...

Knowledge Flow Mesh and its Dynamics: A Decision Support Environment / 13th ICCRTS, "C2 for Complex Endeavors"

Koons, Jack L. III
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.8%
13th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS), June 17-19, 2008, Seattle, WA.; 13th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposia (ICCRTS 2008), 17-19 Jun 2008, Seattle, WA; The exciting advances in modern communications and networking ability have spawned a revolution in decision support systems within the greater network centric framework. Note the ongoing development and operational use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the Global War on Terror and the geographically distributed C2 environment. Sensor saturation and the maturation of mobile technology has advanced at rate in which the current crop of decision and sense making technology has failed to pace against. This leads to one of the most interesting questions pertaining to the current field of decision support systems: Which one is best suited for today’s rapidly adapting and evolving network centric tactical situations? In this paper we introduce the concept of knowledge flow mesh dynamics within a decision support environment, which we argue is the logical heir to a new type of decision support system as seen through the network centric lens. Using the ongoing work by the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) and United States Special Operations Command Tactical Network Topology (TNT) Field Experimentation as a framework for exploration...

Framing the force protection problem an application of knowledge management

Koy, Andrew Bruen
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 45 p. : ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Using knowledge management and knowledge flow theories, personnel involved in force protection can better construct a trustworthy threat assessment of a port region. By ensuring that intelligence agents, regional experts, and force protection officers are linked in a knowledge flow system, our fleet's decision makers will be equipped with the proper tools to better prepare for port visits. A new organization, the Multi-Threat Alert Center, will be a vital organization that is charged with doing most of the knowledge construction in this system. Therefore its construction and implementation into the AT/FP organization is paramount to maintaining a successful system. Its ultimate knowledge product will be used by commands conducting port visits as the main assessment of the current threat conditions. A key component to ensuring that due diligence is maintained while using pre-fixed force protection plans is to ensure that knowledge is treated as a dynamic system instead of a static object. By analyzing the MTAC knowledge flow systems with current theories, the planners and organizers of force protection can ensure that a functioning and efficient system is in place.; Ensign, United States Navy

Understanding "understanding" flow for network-centric warfare: military knowledge-flow mechanics

Nissen, Mark E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório Formato: vi, 41 p. : ill. ; c 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
Network-centric warfare (NCW) emphasizes information superiority for battlespace efficacy, but it is clear that the mechanics of how knowledge flows are just as important as those pertaining to the networks and communication systems used to transmit data and information. Unfortunately, with the strong presumption that knowledge is distinct from data and information, knowledge-flow mechanics in the warfare context are not well understood; even the term knowledge is used in conflicting ways (e.g., to describe information flows) by NCW experts, operational personnel and developers of military doctrine. Mapping key concepts from technologically enabled business models in which NCW is based in large part to the military, we substitute the term understanding flow when discussing the mechanics of how knowledge flows in the NCW context. In one respect, this mapping and terminological substitution enable us to move forward and model knowledge-flow mechanics in a manner that is consistent with the operational Navy's lexicon; in another respect, however, it is clear that Navy lexicon does not yet include the term understanding flow. Hence, naval conceptualization of NCW may be missing a vital element. Informed by recent advances in knowledge-flow theory...

Projects as Knowledge Swirls in the Technological Innovation: Romania's Situation

Popescul, Daniela; Georgescu, Mircea; Alc??ntara-Pilar, Juan Miguel
Fonte: Universidade de Granada Publicador: Universidade de Granada
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
The present paper uses as research basis a new way of thinking regarding the relation between innovation and knowledge - the Knowledge Flow Percolation Model (KFPM). In this model???s center, human beings are seen as thinking electrons, both consuming and generating knowledge flows. Through the interdependent actions of individuals, knowledge circulates inside organizations, allowing them to innovate in order to obtain competitive advantages. But there is a wide range of barriers which impede the creation and movement of flows in the model grid and consequently, hinder their change into innovation. The solution proposed by this paper as one of the most adequate instruments to make KFPM more spreadable is the project. On this basis, in an empirical study, we try to demonstrate the hypothesis of the positive influence of projects, as knowledge swirls, on the development of innovative skills which will help solving problems in the organization, creating and widening of knowledge and reducing the barriers in knowledge transfer.

An Architecture for Context-Aware Knowledge Flow Management Systems

Jarrahi, Ali; Kangavari, Mohammad Reza
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
The organizational knowledge is one of the most important and valuable assets of organizations. In such environment, organizations with broad, specialized and up-to-date knowledge, adequately using knowledge resources, will be more successful than their competitors. For effective use of knowledge, dynamic knowledge flow from the sources to destinations is essential. In this regard, a novel complex concept in knowledge management is the analysis, design and implementation of knowledge flow management systems. One of the major challenges in such systems is to explore the knowledge flow from the source to the recipient and control the flow for quality improvements concerning the users' needs as possible. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to provide an architecture in order to solve this challenge. For this purpose, in addition to the architecture for knowledge flow management systems, a new node selection strategy is provided with higher success rate compared to previous strategies.; Comment: 12 pages; IJCSI International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 9, Issue 2, No 3, March 2012

Knowledge Flow Analysis for Security Protocols

Torlak, Emina; van Dijk, Marten; Gassend, Blaise; Jackson, Daniel; Devadas, Srinivas
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/05/2006
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
Knowledge flow analysis offers a simple and flexible way to find flaws in security protocols. A protocol is described by a collection of rules constraining the propagation of knowledge amongst principals. Because this characterization corresponds closely to informal descriptions of protocols, it allows a succinct and natural formalization; because it abstracts away message ordering, and handles communications between principals and applications of cryptographic primitives uniformly, it is readily represented in a standard logic. A generic framework in the Alloy modelling language is presented, and instantiated for two standard protocols, and a new key management scheme.; Comment: 20 pages

Gestão do conhecimento em transnacionais: o ambiente organizacional como instrumento disseminador; Knowledge management in transnational organizations: the organizational environment as a scatter instrument

Cunha, Julio Araujo Carneiro da; Yokomizo, Cesar Akira; Capellini, Gustavo de Almeida
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
National economies are gradually opening wide for international trade; this trend compels organizations, mainly the internationalized ones, to be more prepared to effectively and efficiently compete worldwide. In this context, the goal of this study was to identify and describe strategies and practices which promote knowledge flows within an international organization that holds its headquarter in a developed country and subsidiaries in developing countries. Methodological procedures include the explicit examination of codified information between subsidiaries units, through interviews and document analysis, in order to capture the tacit dimension in the causal maps that were made. Main results show an organizational strategy focused on the continuous stimuli to the construction of an organizational environment, embedded with solicitude between knowledge senders and receivers, and with a formal information management that supports knowledge exchanges and flows in a worldwide context.