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'Eu quero cesárea!' ou 'Just cut it out!': análise crítica do discurso de relatos de parto normal após cesárea de mulheres brasileiras e estadunidenses à luz da linguística de corpus; Eu quero cesárea! or Just cut it out!:: A Corpus-based Critical Discourse Analysis of vaginal-birth-after-c-section stories by Brazilian and American women

Fonseca, Luciana Carvalho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/11/2014 PT
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36.27%
No Brasil, a maioria absoluta das primíparas, deseja parto normal logo que engravida, porém, em mais da metade dos casos, os nascimentos são cirúrgicos. O fenômeno da falta de correspondência entre o desejado e o efetivamente alcançado não é exclusividade das mulheres brasileiras, mas ocorre em vários países do ocidente. Por meio da Análise Crítica do Discurso (ACD) de relatos de parto normal após cesárea (relatos de VBAC, do inglês, vaginal birth after c-section) à luz da Linguística de Corpus (LC), buscamos elucidar o problema social entre a falta de correspondência entre o tipo de experiência desejada e a experiência obtida. O discurso dos relatos de VBAC nos parece ser o discurso ideal para desvelar os elementos dessa falta de correspondência, pois abordam tanto a experiência da cesárea anterior indesejada e, em regra, mal indicada, como a do parto desejado e alcançado. O recorte teórico-metodológico adotado reúne a ACD (Fairclough, 1989, 1992; Chouliaraki & Fairclough, 1999; Fairclough, 2003); a LC (Stubbs, 1993, McEnery & Wilson, 1997 e 2003, Tognini-Bonelli, 2001) e a Análise Crítica do Discurso Baseada em Corpus (Baker et al 2008; Baker, 2013; Baker & McEnery, 2005; Flowerdew, 2014). Para o estudo...

Blood pressure, arterial compliance, and left ventricular mass: no relation to small size at birth in south Indian adults

Kumaran, K; Fall, C; Martyn, C; Vijayakumar, M; Stein, C; Shier, R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJECTIVE—To determine whether reduced fetal growth leads to raised blood pressure, reduced arterial compliance, and increased left ventricular mass in an Indian population.
DESIGN—A retrospective cohort study of men and women (age range 40-61 years) whose weight, length, and head circumference at birth were recorded.
SETTING—The Holdsworth Memorial Hospital, Mysore, South India.
SUBJECTS—435 men and women born in the hospital between 1934 and 1953.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Systolic and diastolic blood pressures; compliance in four arterial segments derived from pulse wave velocity, measured by a non-invasive optical method; and left ventricular mass measured using M mode echocardiography.
RESULTS—Small size at birth was not associated with increased adult blood pressure or left ventricular mass, or with reduced arterial compliance. Systolic blood pressure and left ventricular mass were higher in subjects who were greater in length at birth, rising by 1.64 mm Hg (95% confidence interval (CI) −0.08 to +3.37 mm Hg) and 1.63 g/m2 (95% CI 0.13 to 3.13 g/m2), respectively, per one inch (2.5 cm) increase in birth length, independently of adult size. Arterial compliance was reduced in people whose mothers were lighter and had smaller pelvic (external conjugate) diameters.
CONCLUSIONS—The higher prevalence of coronary heart disease in Indian men and women of lower birth weight...

Paternal contribution to birth weight

Magnus, P; Gjessing, H; Skrondal, A; Skjarven, R
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2001 EN
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36.18%
STUDY OBJECTIVE—Understanding causes of variation in birth weight has been limited by lack of sufficient sets of data that include paternal birth weight. The objective was to estimate risks of low birth weight dependent on parental birth weights and to estimate father-mother-offspring correlations for birth weight to explain the variability in birth weight in terms of effects of genes and environmental factors.
DESIGN—A family design, using trios of father-mother-firstborn child.
SETTING—The complete birth population in Norway 1967-98.
PARTICIPANTS—67 795 families.
MAIN RESULTS—The birth weight correlations were 0.226 for mother-child and 0.126 for father-child. The spousal correlation was low, 0.020. The relative risk of low birth weight in the first born child was 8.2 if both parents were low birth weight themselves, with both parents being above 4 kg as the reference. The estimate of heritability is about 0.25 for birth weight, under the assumption that cultural transmission on the paternal side has no effect on offspring prenatal growth.
CONCLUSIONS—Paternal birth weight is a significant and independent predictor of low birth weight in offspring. The estimate of the heritability of birth weight in this study is lower than previously estimated from data within one generation in the Norwegian population.


Keywords: birth weight; genes; paternal effects

Birth Rate and Fertility: Knowledge and Expectations Analysis of 3585 University Students; Natalidade e Fertilidade: Análise dos Conhecimentos e Expectativas de 3585 Estudantes Universitários Portugueses

Machado, Maria do Céu; Departamento de Pediatria. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisboa. Portugal.; Alves, Maria Isabel; Serviço de Epidemiologia. Direcção-Geral de Saúde. Lisboa. Portugal.; Couceiro, Luísa; Geografia da Saúde. Serviços Partilhad
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 31/10/2014 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Introduction: Nowadays, Portuguese birth rate is insufficient to ensure renewal of generations. Women high education levels and labor market integration and increased economic difficulties are some of multiple factors leading to a delay in average parenting age and an increase of infertility; also subject to others such as obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption.Material and Methods: Transversal epidemiological study, analytical, uncontrolled, from self-filled online questionnaires, promoted by students’ university unions. A sample of 3585 university students was considered and a global and by gender statistic analysis was done through SPSS, Excel was used to build graphics and tables and ArcMap to represent maps. Results: Mainly students from the Health Sciences (40.6%), Universidade de Lisboa (59.4%), female (76.9%), median age of 22; intention to marry/ union 71.0%, parenthood 85.7%. A total of 18.4% smoke, 22.3% consume alcohol and obesity 15.4%; employment (47.4%) and the partner’s will (39.9%) were important determinants for parenthood decision as well as having financial stability to provide a good education (33.6%) and healthcare (38.6%); A total of 53.6% have considered the hypothesis of infertility and highlight above 35 year old maternal age (18.7%)...

Exposure to benzene, occupational stress, and reduced birth weight

Chen, D.; Cho, S.; Chen, C.; Wang, X.; Damokosh, A.; Ryan, L.; Smith, T.; Christiani, D.; Xu, X.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJECTIVES—The association between birth weight and exposure to benzene, work stress, and other occupational and environmental hazards was investigated.
METHODS—In a large petrochemical industry, 792 pregnant workers were enrolled and followed up through delivery between May 1996 and December 1998. Exposure to benzene and other solvents was assessed by an industrial hygienist based on each woman's job title and workplace information. Other occupational and environmental exposures and personal information, including perceived work stress, exposure to noise, physical exertion at work, and passive smoking, were obtained by an interview questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to examine the individual and combined associations of occupational and environmental exposures with birth weight, with adjustment for major confounders including gestational age.
RESULTS—In the univariate model, birth weight was negatively associated with exposure to benzene (−58 g (95% confidence interval (95% CI), −115 to −2)) and with work stress (−84 g (95% CI, −158 to −10)). In the multivariate model, there was a significant interaction between exposure to benzene and work stress relative to reduced birth weight...

A note on three stochastic processes with immigration

Gani, Joseph; Stals, Linda
Fonte: Australian Mathematical Society Publicador: Australian Mathematical Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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36.05%
Three stochastic processes, the birth, death and birth-death processes, subject to immigration can be decomposed into the sum of each process in the absence of immigration and an independent process. We examine these independent processes through their pr

Formula milk versus maternal breast milk for feedingpreterm or low birth weight infants

Henderson, Ginny; Anthony, Mary Y; McGuire, William
Fonte: The Cochrane Library Publicador: The Cochrane Library
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Background: Maternal breast milk may contain less nutrients than artificial formula milk but may confer important non-nutrient advantages for preterm or low birth weight infants. Objectives: To determine the effect of feeding with formula milk compared wi

The Case for Parity and Birth-Order Statistics

Corr, Patrick; Kippen, Rebecca
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Parity refers to the number of (live) births that a woman (or man) has had. Birth order refers to whether a birth is the first, second, third or higher-order birth of the parent. In the context of low and shifting fertility, parity and birth-order statist

Prophylactic systemic antifungal agents to prevent mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants

Clerihew, Linda; Austin, Nicola; McGuire, William
Fonte: The Cochrane Library Publicador: The Cochrane Library
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Background: Invasive fungal infection is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants. Early diagnosis is difficult, and treatment is often delayed. The available data are insufficient to conclude that topical/oral prophy

Formula milk versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants

Quigley, Maria A; Henderson, Ginny; Anthony, Mary Y; McGuire, William
Fonte: The Cochrane Library Publicador: The Cochrane Library
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Background: When sufficient maternal breast milk is not available, the alternative sources of enteral nutrition for preterm or low birth weight infants are donor breast milk or artificial formula milk. Feeding preterm or low birth weight infants with form

The birth properties of Galactic millisecond radio pulsars

Ferrario, Lilia; Wickramasinghe, Dayal
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.92%
We model the population characteristics of the sample of millisecond pulsars (MSPs) within a distance of 1.5 kpc. We find that for a braking index n = 3, the birth magnetic field distribution of the neutron stars as they switch on as radio-emitting MSPs c

Demographic disequilibrium in early twentieth century Thailand: Falling mortality, rising fertility, or both?

Carmichael, Gordon
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Estimates of Thai crude birth and death rates date from 1920, when the former was around 20 per thousand higher than the latter, implying natural increase of two per cent per annum. Such disequilibrium cannot have been the norm over the long-term historic

Drinking histories of self-identified lifetime abstainers and occasional drinkers: Findings from the 1958 British Birth Cohort Study

Davidson (previously Caldwell), Tanya; Rodgers, Bryan; Power, Chris; Clark, C; Stansfeld, Stephen
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Aims: To investigate the validity of retrospective items used to distinguish people who have rarely or never consumed alcohol. Methods: The 1958 British Birth Cohort Study has followed 9377 individuals until age 45. Previous drinking (at 16, 23, 33 and 42

Higher maternal dietary protein intake in late pregnancy is associated with a lower infant ponderal index at birth

Andreasyan, Karen; Ponsonby, Anne-Louise; Dwyer, Terry; Morley, R; Riley, M; Dear, Keith; Cochrane, Jennifer
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
Aim: A high ponderal index at birth has been associated with later obesity and it has been suggested that intervention to prevent obesity and its sequela should consider the antenatal period. In this context, we investigated the association between matern

Effect of taurine supplementation on growth and development in preterm or low birth weight infants

Verner, Alison; Craig, John S; McGuire, William
Fonte: The Cochrane Library Publicador: The Cochrane Library
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
Background: Taurine is themost abundant free amino acid in breast milk. Evidence exists that taurine has important roles in intestinal fat absorption, hepatic function, and auditory and visual development in preterm or low birth weight infants. Observatio

Cuidados nutricionais no recém-nascido de muito baixo peso; Nutritional care of very low birth weight preterm infants

Oliveira, Adriana Gonçalves de; Siqueira, Pollyanna Patriota; Abreu, Luiz Carlos de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
INTRODUÇÃO: a meta nutricional na abordagem do recém-nascido de muito baixo peso é alcançar crescimento pós-natal em uma taxa que se aproxime do crescimento e do ganho de peso intra-uterino de um feto normal de mesma idade gestacional, sem produzir deficiências nutricionais, efeitos metabólicos indesejáveis ou toxicidades decorrentes de uma exagerada oferta nutricional. OBJETIVO: descrever o estado da arte da nutrição em recém-nascido prematuro de muito baixo peso. Método: Foram consultadas as bases de dados do Medline e SciELO. Utilizou-se como estratégia de busca no MEDLINE nutrition AND birth OR prematurity OR very low birth weigth infants e no SciELO os termos nutrition in newborn AND prematurity AND very low birth weigth infants AND nutritional status em todos os campos. RESULTADOS: os artigos foram classificados quanto ao tipo: revisão, artigo original, relato de casos, opinião e editorial (N= 16) e compuseram a premissa do trabalho. Foram considerados estudos de natureza qualitativa e quantitativa. Os artigos listados de 1 a 4 foram utilizados para definir recém-nascido de muito baixo peso, pequeno para a idade gestacional e caracterização fisiológica da prematuridade. CONCLUSÃO: o início precoce de alimentação...

Impact of Birth Parameters on Eye Size in a Population-Based Study of 6-Year-Old Australian children

Ojaimi, Elvis; Robaei, Dana; Rochtchina, Elena; Rosen, David B; Morgan, Ian; Mitchell, Paul
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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PURPOSE: To study the effect of birth parameters, including birth weight, birth length, and birth head circumference on ocular dimensions in 6-year-old children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A stratified random cluster sample of 6-year-old Sydney school-students (n = 1765) were participants in this study. Children had ocular dimensions measured with non-contact methods (Zeiss IOLMaster, Zeiss, Meditec-AG, Jena, Germany). Information on birth weight, height, and head circumference was derived from a questionnaire. RESULTS: After adjusting for cluster, age, and gender, children with birth weight <2500 g had mean axial length 22.46 mm (95% confidence interval [CI], 22.20-22.72) and mean corneal radius 7.70 mm (CI 7.61-7.79). This compared with axial length 22.80 mm (CI 22.70-22.90) and mean corneal radius 7.85 mm (CI 7.81-7.89) for children with birth weight <4000 g. Axial length and corneal radius were also related to birth length and head circumference. Refraction, however, was unrelated to birth size. CONCLUSION: Birth parameters have a lasting effect on eye size but not on spherical equivalent refraction.

Prevalence and Persistence of Health Problems After Childbirth: Associations with Parity and Method of Birth

Thompson, Jane; Roberts, Christine; Currie, Marian; Ellwood, David
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Background: Awareness about the extent of maternal physical and emotional health problems after childbirth is increasing, but few longitudinal studies examining their duration have been published. The aim of this study was to describe changes in the prevalence of maternal health problems in the 6 months after birth and their association with parity and method of birth. Methods: A population-based, cohort study was conducted in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia. The study population, comprising women who gave birth to a live baby from March to October 1997, completed 4 questionnaires on the fourth postpartum day, and at 8, 16, and 24 weeks postpartum. Outcome measures were self-reported health problems during each of the three 8-week postpartum periods up to 24 weeks. Results: A total of 1295 women participated, and 1193 (92%) completed the study. Health problems showing resolution between 8 and 24 weeks postpartum were exhaustion/extreme tiredness (60-49%), backache (53-45%), bowel problems (37-17%), lack of sleep/baby crying (30-15%), hemorrhoids (30-13%), perineal pain (22-4%), excessive/prolonged bleeding (20-2%), urinary incontinence (19-11%), mastitis (15-3%), and other urinary problems (5-3%). No significant changes occurred in the prevalence of frequent headaches or migraines...

Relation between birth order and interpersonal styles; Relação entre ordem de nascimento e estilos interpessoais

Magalhães, Mauro de Oliveira; Universidade Federal da Bahia
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/10/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Interpersonal style is an aspect of personality related to the particular way individuals participate and gain influence in social contexts. It has its origin in childhood’s first social interactions within the family group. It is suggested that the individual position in the family structure, namely birth order, is an important variable in this process. The present study investigated combined effects of sex and birth order on interpersonal style. A sample of 435 college students (196 men and 239 women) with ranging in age from 18 to 40 years (M = 23,3) answered the BASIS-A (Basic Adlerian Scales of Interpersonal Styles) and a brief demographic questionnaire. Interactions between sex and birth order were found. Lastborn women showed greater tendency to search for success and social approval than firstborn women and lastborn men. Among men, lastborn revealed less need for social approval compared to firstborn and only children. First born men showed a higher need to attend social conventions and obtain success. The interaction between sex and birth order was relevant for the understanding of personality development in the context of family relations.   Keywords: birth order; interpersonal styles; personality.; O estilo interpessoal é um aspecto da personalidade referente à forma particular do indivíduo participar e obter influência no meio social. Origina-se na infância a partir das primeiras interações no grupo familiar. Sugere-se que a posição do indivíduo na genitura familiar...

Effects of a very low birth weight newborn on family: literature review

Konstantyner,T.; Leite,H. P.; A. C. Taddei,J. A.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2007 ENG
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Objective: The present study is a literature review to identify the effects of a very low birth weight newborn on family. This is an important instrument to clarify epidemiological issues and to suggest the directions for health policy efforts. Method: A three-step review was carried out using databases of journals indexed for Medline/Lilacs/Scielo/Cochrane published between 1966 and 2005 using specific criteria of inclusion. The first step selected 12 articles from 2,889 when searching for the keyword "very low birth weight infant"; the second step used the crossing of keyword "premature infant" with other pertinent keywords and terms resulting in 191 articles generating 7 more articles matching the criteria of inclusion. The third step was to analyze the references of articles in steps 1 and 2 (12 + 7 = 19), selecting 3 additional ones totalizing 22 selected articles. Result: Evidences in literature state that the families of very low birth weight newborns suffer potential negative effects on their operational dynamics, which is associated to the clinical seriousness, the age and the neuropsycomotor development of such children. It seems that the mother is the most affected member due to the situation imposed to the family, and the one who needs psychosocial support more frequently. Conclusion: The number of existing studies is still insufficient to clarify whether the effects on the family considering all their aspects are preponderantly positive or negative.