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Qualidade de vida das mulheres trabalhadoras das creches conveniadas do bairro Bela Vista do município de São Paulo; Quality of life of women workers of the daycare centers on Bela Vista neighborhood in São Paulo municipality

Pelicioni, Maria Cecilia Focesi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/02/1995 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Este trabalho descreve alguns aspectos da qualidade de vida das mulheres trabalhadoras de creche com o objetivo de oferecer subsídios para a melhoria das suas condições de trabalho. Cento e cinquenta e quatro mulheres, constituiram o universo da investigação, funcionárias das 7 creches conveniadas do Bairro Bela Vista com a Prefeitura Municipal de São Paulo, Brasil. Foram realizadas entrevistas, utilizando um formulário em que se consideraram as seguintes variáveis: características sócio-demográficas, opiniões e hábitos pessoais, condições de saúde, acesso a serviços de saúde, ocupação, posse de bens de consumo e nível sócio-econômico, vida profissional, condições e satisfação com o trabalho, escolaridade e ocupação dos maridos, dupla jornada, sindicalização, lazer, conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas no que diz respeito a direitos humanos. Os resultados desse survey mostram que a maioria das trabalhadoras de creche têm baixa escolaridade, isto é, 52,6 por cento frequentaram somente até o ginasial incompleto e 20,1 por cento têm o curso primário incompleto. Têm baixo nível sócio-econômico (classes D e E); 70 por cento têm filhos e 45 por cento são chefes de família. Estão na faixa etária de 18 a 61 anos. Em relação ao salário...

Avaliação da qualidade de vida e dos sintomas de stress em mulheres menopausadas com disfunção da articulação temporomandibular; Evaluation of the quality of life and the symptoms of stress in menopause women with temporomandibular joint disorder

Claudia Maria Peres
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/02/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
A literatura relata que, a menopausa tem início entre 38 e 55 anos (dependendo do fator genético). Devido a diminuição na produção do hormônio estrogênio em 75% a 80% das mulheres ocorrerão sintomas tipo: suores noturnos, fogachos (ondas de calor), secura vaginal tornando a relação sexual desagradável, diminuição da libido, do brilho da pele, da memória e da atenção, insônia, irritabilidade, baixa auto-estima, osteoporose em 25% das mulheres (perda de massa óssea em 1% ao ano) e outras doenças ósteo-musculares. Nessa fase também ocorrerá aumento da gordura corporal na região do abdome com elevação da incidência de doenças cardiovasculares. As mulheres menopausadas com sintomas de disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) podem apresentar depressão, ansiedade e stress pela constância da sintomatologia de desconforto e dor. Dessa forma, o objetivo geral desta pesquisa foi de avaliar a qualidade de vida e os sintomas de stress em mulheres menopausadas com DTM que freqüentavam o serviço do Centro de Saúde da Comunidade/ Coordenadoria de Serviços Sociais da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Foram selecionadas 30 voluntárias, funcionárias e alunas da UNICAMP, com idades entre 38 e 65 anos, diagnosticadas como portadoras da sintomatologia de DTM e com menopausa clinicamente comprovada (12 meses sem menstruações). As voluntárias foram avaliadas através de uma ficha de anamnese...

Low-pay higher pay and job quality : empirical evidence for Portugal

Vieira, José Cabral; Menezes, António Gomes de; Gabriel, Patrícia
Fonte: CEEAplA Publicador: CEEAplA
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em /11/2004 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
This paper examines to what extent low pay jobs can be considered of low quality. For this purpose, we use three waves (1997-1999) of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) for Portugal. The results indicate that low pay workers report a lower level of job satisfaction when compared with their higher paid counterparts. Moreover, some of the determinants of job satisfaction differ between these two types of workers. This supports the idea that low wage employment mainly comprises low quality jobs and is consistent with the segmented labour market theory, which claims the existence of good and bad jobs. This is, however, at odds with some empirical evidence recently reported for the British labour market where low pay individuals report a higher level of satisfaction, which is more in line with the notion that these workers obtain compensating differences in the form of non-pecuniary benefits.

Qualidade do trabalho em saúde: que especificidades?

Batista, Ana Raquel Valente
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
Mestrado em Gestão dos Serviços de Saúde; Para promover a compreensão do conceito de qualidade do trabalho em saúde e colmatar a falta de estudos sobre esta temática, este trabalho adaptou o conceito de qualidade do trabalho às especificidades do sector da saúde, sugerindo e fundamentando as dimensões relevantes a considerar na medição da qualidade do trabalho. De modo a cumprir este objectivo desenvolveu-se um inquérito alargado adaptado às características deste sector de actividade com base no inquérito mais comummente usado no estudo desta temática, o Fourth European Working Conditions Survey de 2005. Este questionário permite conhecer as opiniões dos trabalhadores relativamente a questões como a organização do trabalho, o tempo de trabalho, a igualdade de oportunidades, a remuneração, a formação, a saúde, a segurança e a satisfação no trabalho. Posteriormente, efectuou-se a pesquisa empírica com a aplicação do inquérito desenvolvido no Hospital da Cruz Vermelha. A amostra foi composta por 306 profissionais de saúde (Médicos, Enfermeiros, Técnicos de diagnóstico e terapêutica e Assistentes operacionais/Auxiliares de acção médica/Técnicos auxiliares de saúde). Após a análise dos dados apurou-se que os profissionais de saúde valorizam diferentes dimensões da qualidade do trabalho. Assim...

Desigualdade em qualidade do emprego

Cercas, Andreia Magano
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
Mestrado em Economia da Empresa e da Concorrência/ C51, J21, J28, J29, J81; O presente trabalho introduz uma nova metodologia de análise da desigualdade na qualidade do emprego, alicerçada num indicador de desigualdade construído a partir da comparação bilateral entre indivíduos. Esta abordagem permite identificar quais os principais determinantes deste fenómeno. Com base nos dados do Fourth European Working Conditions Survey foram construídas duas amostras. A primeira integrando quatro países do Norte da Europa (Dinamarca, Finlândia, Suécia e Noruega) e a segunda composta por três países do Sul da Europa (Espanha, Grécia e Portugal). Estes dois grupos exibem um grau significativo de diferenciação, sendo por isso relevante avaliar como se distinguem em termos de desigualdade em qualidade do emprego. A análise dos determinantes da desigualdade em qualidade do emprego nestas amostras permite quatro conclusões: (i) heterogeneidade nos principais determinantes da desigualdade, com a excepção do sector de actividade que é muito relevante na generalidade dos países analisados; (ii) tanto as variáveis relacionadas com o trabalhador como as variáveis relacionadas com a empresa em que ele se insere são importantes determinantes desta desigualdade; (iii) a desigualdade é mais elevada nos países do Sul do que nos países do Norte da Europa; (iv) as diferentes dimensões de qualidade de emprego são importantes para explicar a desigualdade observada em qualidade do emprego...

Satisfação no emprego: o impacto da educação

Almeida, Filipa Marina Alves de
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Mestrado em Economia da Empresa e da Concorrência/ C51, I20, I24, I29, J24, J28; O presente estudo aborda o mismatch de competências dos indivíduos europeus, no sentido de compreender se a uma educação (des)adequada corresponde uma maior ou menor satisfação no emprego. Complementarmente, é tido como objectivo a aferição dos determinantes da satisfação no emprego, dando especial atenção à variável adequação de competências (sub e sobre-educação). Tendo por base o Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, que incide sobre inúmeras dimensões das condições de trabalho apuradas em 31 países europeus, e utilizando um índice de qualidade no emprego, assente numa abordagem multidimensional e micro-económica que incorpora dimensões objectivas e subjectivas foi estimado um modelo Tobit com o intuito de responder a estas questões. Os resultados do modelo gerado apontam, ao nível das características dos indivíduos, uma menor satisfação no género feminino, explicada através das dimensões aprendizagem, salário, autonomia e perspectivas de carreira. A educação é um aspecto-chave na determinação da satisfação que um indivíduo possa sentir em relação à sua ocupação. Conclui-se que níveis adicionais de educação geram maior satisfação. Inquiridos que tenham frequentado o ensino superior mostram-se mais satisfeitos ao nível das dimensões objectivas...

Job quality in Europe: the North-South divide

Cerdeira, Maria da Conceição; Kovács, Ilona
Fonte: IET Publicador: IET
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
This paper examines the job quality in Europe. It is based on the results of the Fourth European Foundation Survey on working conditions covering different dimensions including work organisation, job content, autonomy at work, aspects of worker dignity, working time and work-life balance, working conditions and safety in the workplace. The results point to the existence of great diversity in the job quality across Europe and the north-south divide. The job quality differences are related to the variety of social and institutional contexts. The countries of Southern Europe, with their social and institutional contexts falling within the scope of the Mediterranean model, generally present indicators below the European average contrasting Nordic countries having the best job quality indicators.

The Impact of Non-Wage Benefits on Job Quality and Labor Market Outcomes in the Developing World : What Do We Know?

Helppie, Brooke; Macis, Mario
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.08%
One indicator of job quality in the developing world is the extent to which workers are covered by nonwage mandated benefits. Mandated benefits are a class of labor market regulation that requires employers to provide their workers with some form of non-wage pay or benefits. These benefits are typically fully financed by the employer or the employer-worker pair, and administered at the firm level. This note summarizes the existing knowledge and research on the effects of providing higher mandated benefits on labor market outcomes. In particular, the authors focus on the evidence available for developing economies. The authors discuss the potential advantages and drawbacks of providing mandated benefits (as implied by economic theory), summarize some of the existing empirical literature on the impact of mandated benefits. This note sets out to introduce some of the theory and existing literature about mandated benefits, and to draw attention to the need for more research about the impact of this type of policy.

Common mental disorders, unemployment and psychosocial job quality: is a poor job better than no job at all?

Butterworth, P.; Leach, L. S.; McManus, S.; Stansfeld, S. A.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
BACKGROUND: Employment is associated with health benefits over unemployment, but the psychosocial characteristics of work also influence health. There has, however, been little research contrasting the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among people who are unemployed with those in jobs of differing psychosocial quality. METHOD: Analysis of data from the English Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (APMS) considered the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMDs) among 2603 respondents aged between 21 and 54 years who were either (i) employed or (ii) unemployed and looking for work at the time of interview in 2007. Quality of work was assessed by the number of adverse psychosocial job conditions reported (low control, high demands, insecurity and low job esteem). RESULTS: The prevalence of CMDs was similar for those respondents who were unemployed and those in the poorest quality jobs. This pattern remained after controlling for relevant demographic and socio-economic covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Although employment is thought to promote mental health and well-being, work of poor psychosocial quality is not associated with any better mental health than unemployment. Policy efforts to improve community mental health should consider psychosocial job quality in conjunction with efforts to increase employment rates.; P.B. and L.L. are funded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Fellowships nos 525410 and 1035803.

Psychosocial adversities at work are associated with poorer quality marriage-like relationships

Leach, Liana S.; Butterworth, Peter
Fonte: Springer Verlag Publicador: Springer Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 22 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
The characteristics of work have an impact on individuals’ personal lives, including on health and close personal relationships. Previous research into the negative spillover effects from work to marital quality has predominantly examined structural job characteristics, such as job hours and shift work. This study used data from a large representative community sample of midlife (aged 40–44 at baseline) employed persons in marriage-like relationships (n = 2,054) to investigate the relationship between psychosocial job characteristics and relationship quality. Data from three waves of the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life Survey were analysed. The results show that all psychosocial job adversities (high job demands, low job control, and job insecurity) were independently associated with lower levels of positive support from partners for both men and women. In addition, there was a linear relationship between the number of psychosocial adversities reported and lower levels of positive support from partners. These findings are relevant to policy makers in the areas of employment and family services. They identify the potential broader social costs of adverse psychosocial characteristics at work. This study sets the scene for further longitudinal research to examine the causal links between psychosocial job quality and relationship quality; Funding for the PATH study was provided by Program Grants no. 179805 and no. 418039 from the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)...

Job quality, job satisfaction and services in Spain

Dueñas Fernández, Diego; Iglesias Fernández, Carlos; Llorente Heras, Raquel
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
Habitualmente, el mercado de trabajo ha evaluado desde un punto de vista cuantitativo. Sin embargo, actualmente existe un nuevo interés en la calidad del empleo y la satisfacción en el trabajo. En relación con esta última perspectiva, una hipótesis frecuentemente utilizada para explicar la evolución agregada de la calidad del empleo supone que el crecimiento del empleo en los servicios implica el incremento en el número de trabajos poco cualificados o mal pagados. En este contexto, el trabajo trata de conseguir un doble objetivo. Primero, comprobar la hipótesis de que los niveles de calidad del empleo en las actividades de servicios son menores que los observados en el resto de la Economía. Segundo, conocer si existen diferencias relevantes entre las distintas actividades de servicios en términos de calidad del empleo. Los resultados alcanzados señalan que los servicios no presentan menores niveles de calidad en su empleo. Por el contrario, los trabajadores ubicados en actividades de servicios reportan mayores niveles de satisfacción laboral. Sin embargo, se concluye como dentro de las ramas de servicios hay una importante heterogeneidad. Las actividades de servicios y no servicios comparten los mismos componentes en la determinación de la satisfacción laboral...

Decomposing the impacts of overeducation and overskilling on earnings and job satisfaction: an analysis using REFLEX data

Sánchez Sánchez, Mercedes Nuria; McGuinness, Seamus
Fonte: Economic and Social Research Institute Publicador: Economic and Social Research Institute
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper; publishedVersion
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This paper uses the REFLEX dataset to test the hypothesis that the generally observed negative impacts of overeducation and overskilling on both job satisfaction and earnings can be attributed to under-utilisation in specific job related skills. We find that the penalties to both forms of mismatch are insensitive to the inclusion of controls for overskilling in a wide range of job specific competencies. The research suggests that the problem of mismatch relates to an inability for fully utilise general or innate ability as opposed to specific areas of acquired learning. The analysis suggests the problem of mismatch can only be effectively addressed by raising general levels of job quality within economies and this, in turn, presents serious challenges for policy.

Shaping the Future : Long-Term Perspectives on People and Job Mobility for MENA

Zlaoui, Leila
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
This quick note summarizes the similarly titled report released on February 17, 2009, which assesses global labor and job mobility that is migration and outsourcing with a focus on Europe and Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The report looks at long term global demographic and labor force developments to assess which parts of the world will experience aging populations and major declines in their labor force and which will see an expansion. Two pillars underpin the analysis presented in this report. First, increasingly strong forces will be pulling for the migration of people and jobs across the world's regions in the future. Second, countries and regions can adopt a proactive approach to prepare for these global changes, to seize opportunities, and to address risks head on.

Évolution de la qualité de l'emploi des femmes et des hommes au Québec entre 1997 et 2007 : l'ascenseur de la scolarisation et le fardeau des responsabilités familiales

Cloutier, Luc
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
Cette thèse de doctorat porte sur l’évolution de la qualité de l’emploi des travailleuses et des travailleurs québécois entre 1997 et 2007. À partir d’une nouvelle typologie, nous analysons les changements dans la qualité de l’emploi des femmes et des hommes et l’impact sur l’écart entre les genres. L’originalité de cette thèse est qu’elle permet de jeter un regard multidimensionnel sur la qualité de l’emploi en considérant quatre dimensions à la fois : la rémunération, la stabilité de l’emploi, la qualification et les heures de travail. Après avoir présenté notre problématique de recherche relative aux inégalités professionnelles entre les genres, l’étude fait une revue des écrits portant sur les principales théories en jeu et sur le concept de la qualité de l’emploi. Ensuite, le cadre conceptuel est présenté afin de situer notre contexte de recherche, les questions générales considérées, la pertinence d’une typologie et les principaux déterminants de la qualité de l’emploi. Le chapitre suivant est consacré à la démarche visant la création d’une nouvelle typologie de la qualité de l’emploi et celle relative au cadre d’analyse. Enfin, nous présentons une analyse des changements de la situation des hommes et des femmes dans les divers types d’emploi en tenant compte de la situation familiale...

La qualité de l’emploi des nouveaux diplômés postsecondaires au Canada : déterminants et évolution dans le temps

Montenegro, Hans Christian
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.43%
Cette recherche porte sur la qualité d’emploi chez les nouveaux diplômés des études postsecondaires au Canada. Elle est motivée par les nombreux bouleversements vécus par le marché du travail, la pénurie de main-d’oeuvre qualifiée et le fait que deux Canadiens sur trois sont directement concernés par la qualité d’emploi. En s’appuyant sur la typologie de Cloutier (2008), nous nous sommes fixé deux objectifs. Le premier vise à examiner l’évolution de la qualité d’emploi des nouveaux diplômés postsecondaires au Canada entre 1992 et 2007. Le deuxième objectif consiste à évaluer l’influence du niveau d’études, du domaine d’études et du sexe des nouveaux diplômés sur la qualité de leur emploi. L’analyse est de type empirique qui s’appuie sur les données de l’Enquête nationale auprès des diplômés réalisée auprès des promotions de 1990 et de 2005 par Statistiques Canada. Concernant le premier objectif, nos résultats indiquent que les dimensions rémunération, stabilité d’emploi et qualification se sont affaiblies en 2007 comparativement à 1992. Quant au deuxième objectif, nous avons trouvé que le niveau d’études et le domaine d’études sont des déterminants importants des quatre dimensions de la qualité d’emploi considérées. Un niveau d’études élevé augmente la rémunération annuelle et la probabilité d’occuper un emploi à temps plein. À l’opposé...

L’évolution de la qualité d’emploi des immigrants du Canada par rapport aux natifs : une comparaison interprovinciale

Boulet, Maude
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.4%
Il est bien connu que les immigrants rencontrent plusieurs difficultés d’intégration dans le marché du travail canadien. Notamment, ils gagnent des salaires inférieurs aux natifs et ils sont plus susceptibles que ces derniers d’occuper des emplois précaires ou pour lesquels ils sont surqualifiés. Dans cette recherche, nous avons traité de ces trois problèmes sous l’angle de la qualité d’emploi. À partir des données des recensements de la population de 1991 à 2006, nous avons comparé l’évolution de la qualité d’emploi des immigrants et des natifs au Canada, mais aussi au Québec, en Ontario et en Colombie-Britannique. Ces comparaisons ont mis en évidence la hausse du retard de qualité d’emploi des immigrants par rapport aux natifs dans tous les lieux analysés, mais plus particulièrement au Québec. Le désavantage des immigrants persiste même lorsqu’on tient compte du capital humain, des caractéristiques démographiques et du taux de chômage à l’entrée dans le marché du travail. La scolarité, l’expérience professionnelle globale et les connaissances linguistiques améliorent la qualité d’emploi des immigrants et des natifs. Toutefois, lorsqu’on fait la distinction entre l’expérience de travail canadienne et l’expérience de travail étrangère...

Determinants of job quality: Persistence and dynamic segmentation in the labor market of a developing country

Huneeus, Federico
Fonte: Universidad de Chile Publicador: Universidad de Chile
Tipo: Tesis
ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
No disponible a texto completo; We adapt the multidimensional poverty methodology to the study of job quality dynamics using a unique household survey panel, for a developing country like Chile. This data allows us to control for the history of the worker in addition to the usual socio-demographic and economic characteristics. We estimate a dynamic panel model with random effects and find existence of better job quality among larger and unionized firms but neither gender, public/private status nor economic sectors are significant determinants of job quality. Moreover, the data reveals the significance of labor history in predicting job quality and therefore the existence of persistence in job quality. A worker can move between different size of firms and economic sectors, but those jobs will be of similar quality (for better and for worse). Even though our sample of workers corresponds to those with slightly better working conditions (dependant workers that have contributed to pensions at least once in their labor history) job quality mobility seems to be weak suggesting the existence of job quality segmentation. Having been in a low quality job induces an increase in the probability of continuing to be in a low quality job in 20-40 percent. This effect is important while the second biggest marginal effect comes from firm size (being in a big firm reduces the probability of being in a low quality job)...

Early retirement intention in workers from the industry and service sectors : influence of the perception of benefits from retiring or from continuing to work

Fernández Castro, Jordi; Limonero García, Joaquim T.; González Olmedo, Maria Pau; Serrano, Rosa; López, Victoria; Rovira, Tatiana
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
This study aims to identify the factors that favor the intention to continue working or to retire in workers over 50 years old. The sample consisted of 186 workers of both sexes from the industry and services sectors who answered a questionnaire which recorded their perceived health, job quality and their perception of the benefits or drawbacks of continuing to work or taking early retirement. The results indicated that to continue in active employment is mainly seen as economically beneficial but negative for family life and health. In contrast, early retirement is seen as beneficial for family life and self-actualization but economically negative. A regression analysis revealed that the motivation to stay active occupationally depends on the perceived health and social support given at work, but mostly to have a positive vision of being active workforce

Job quality in Europe

Burchell, Brendan J.; Smith, Mark; Fagan, Colette; O?Brien, Catherine
Fonte: Industrial Relations Journal Publicador: Industrial Relations Journal
Tipo: Article; submitted version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
Promoting job quality and gender equality are objectives of the European Employment Strategy (EES) in spite of a downgrading of the attention given to both in the revised employment guidelines and the re-launch of the Lisbon Process. However, advances on both of these objectives may be important complements to the employment rate targets of the EES, as access to good quality jobs for both sexes is likely to help sustain higher employment rates. While the European Commission has a broad view of the concept of job quality in practice, it relies on a selection of labour market type indicators that say little about the quality of the actual jobs people do. Using data from the 2005 European Working Conditions survey, we analyse job quality along three dimensions: job content, autonomy and working conditions. We conclude that gender and occupational status, along with other job characteristics such as working time and sector, have more influence on an individual?s job quality than the country or ?national model? they are situated in. Our results also demonstrate the value of developing indicators of job quality that are both gender sensitive and derived at the level of the job rather than the labour market in order to advance EU policy and academic debate on this topic.

Mobility, Scarring and Job Quality in Indonesia’s Labor Market

Naidoo, Darian; Packard, Truman; Auwalin, Ilmiawan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.32%
This paper investigates the occupational mobility and job quality of young people in Indonesia and relates this to the concept of “scarring.” The concept of labor market scarring in this paper is the occurrence of low or zero returns to certain types of work (for example, self-employment). Scarring is expected to occur whenever an individual spends periods working in occupations in which their human capital is either stagnant or deteriorating. Fixed effects estimations using panel data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey reveal that a period in self-employment is associated with negative returns for youth (about 3 to 4 percent per year penalty), but not for older adults. In addition, there are clear patterns of persistence in self-employment over time with few individuals progressing from petty self-employment to businesses with permanent workers.