661 p; The thesis deals with the colonies of New South Wales
and Van Diemen’s Land; it begins when J.T. Bigge's ideal had come to crisis, and ends with the gold rushes. By "J.T. Bigge's ideal” is meant a society in which the Church of England and a land-owning elite joined with the executive
government to establish a way of life, both hierarchical and harmonious. The Church and the gentry respectively comprise the core of the first two chapters, which describe the ideology and strength of colonial conservatism. In the former the central figure is W.G. Broughton, first Anglican
bishop in Australia and remarkably sensitive to the difficulties
which beset the conservative ideal. His beliefs
and insight shape not only this chapter but the whole thesis.
Following a description of the typical Anglican reaction to
the major features of colonial life, particular emphasis is
placed on the Church's attempt to assert its opinion sometimes
through, sometimes against the power of the State.
Here, as at many other places throughout the thesis, the
education issue becomes very prominent. The Church appears as the strongest bastion of conservative thought, denouncing
every aspect of society which made for change and disruption. Although not numerous...