non-peer-reviewed; This thesis looks at the use of child created video as an aid in the learning and retention of
the Irish language in an Irish Primary School. It also investigated the effect of using these
child created videos on the motivation of children to learn the Irish language. The
methodology used in this research utilised a Task Based Language Learning and Teaching model. The study found that the use of child created video was beneficial to children enabling them to develop greater skills in automaticity, fluency and language output in the target language. The study also found that the actual creation of the videos by the children led to greater retention of the language in comparison with vocabulary learned using traditional methods. The new methodology also led to increased levels of motivation to learn the Irish language amongst the children. Many reported they were more positive about learning the language after the introduction of the new methodology.
The attitudes and beliefs of children, teachers and parents towards the Irish language
were also explored to better understand the current standing of the Irish language in
Ireland. The study found that the attitudes of teachers towards the Irish language was primarily positive though many would prefer to see a greater emphasis on oral language
development at primary level. Parents were found to have a complex mix of attitudes towards the Irish language. While many could express positive reasons to learn the language a substantial minority made very little effort to speak the actual language.
peer-reviewed; This dissertation examines creative processes within competitive Irish step dance. The
primary objective of the study is to investigate whether it is in fact possible for one to
be creative within this dance genre. Based on the evidence produced, it is argued that,
despite the highly regulated nature of competition culture, competitive Irish step
dance is nonetheless conducive to creativity. Following consideration of the historical
and institutional context for the development and regulation of competitive Irish
dance, the research findings presented in the thesis place particular focus on the
World Championships in Irish dance held in Belfast in 2006. Events such as the
World Championships are where the best dancers compete against their peers and
where new movements and steps are showcased and are either accepted into the idiom
The analysis presented outlines the development of competitive step dance, with
particular emphasis on developments during the post ‘Riverdance’ and ‘spectacle
era’. Through ethnographic methods, it explores the social and cognitive processes of
Irish Dance, examining in detail the winners of the 18-19 ladies’ and gentlemen’s
competition at the World Championships 2006.
Building on research carried out in the relatively new field of Irish Dance studies...
peer-reviewed; Research in cross-cultural pragmatics has been limited to a handful of speech acts, and
opinions remain rather poorly documented. The aim of this research was to explore the
speech act of opinions from the dual perspective of pragmalinguistics-sociopragmatics,
focusing additionally on the Irish variety of the English language and the Irish-Polish
intercultural context. An empirical study of the expression of opinions among Polish
and Irish students was conducted, using a mixed-method approach. The corpus of
opinions was gathered through open role-plays among Irish and Polish university
students, and it was complemented with focus group interviews which explored issues
of sociopragmatic attitudes and awareness in expressing opinions.
The findings suggest that opinions should be treated as a speech act set, quite complex
in its execution and an example of a rich environment for investigation of cooccurrence
of many speech acts. Consequently, opinions are not achieved by simple ‘I
think (that) x...’ sentences, but rather involve a negotiation of meaning represented in
the use of concessive (dis)agreements, the most prominent being the use of ‘yes, but’
expressions. Additionally, opinions present not only face-saving strategies...
non-peer-reviewed; This thesis represents an exploratory study of training and development practices
in Irish based companies, and seeks to ascertain the degree to which these
practices reflect a strategic orientation. In particular, it examines the main training
and development activities undertaken, the role of the training specialist, and the
power of the training and development function.
The study had five main objectives: to review the extant literature in order to
determine the factors promoting the emergence of Human Resource Development
(HRD) as a key mechanism of employee development, and to highlight critical
characteristics of strategic HRD; to examine the contingent nature of the HRD
concept, and thereby identify key contextual organisational characteristics that
impact upon the functioning of HRD; to examine current employee development
practices in Ireland in order to assess whether training and development activities
reflect a strategic orientation, or are moving towards a strategic model of employee
development; to identify whether the contextual factors identified in the literature
affect the nature of training and development practices in Ireland; and to examine
the role of the training specialist in Ireland and the relative status of the training and
In order to fulfill these objectives...
peer-reviewed; This thesis examines how the button accordion, first patented in 1829 and
available for sale in Ireland by 1831, became a member of the family of instruments
on which Irish traditional music is played. It traces the accordion’s journey into
tradition and the varied pathways taken along the way. The introduction of a new
instrument into any tradition, its adoption and its journey to acceptance as an
instrument on which that music can be performed, involves major change, both in
the music and the instrument. Source materials ranging from extensive personal field
work to social history texts and contemporary newspapers are employed to establish
the paths travelled by the accordion into tradition. The processes involved in the
adoption of any instrument new to a tradition and the conditions necessary for its
acceptance are considered.
The thesis begins with a discussion of the methodologies used and this
continues with an exploration of the historical and social contexts in pre-accordion
Ireland – an era of dramatic social change. The introduction of the free-reed
principle to Europe and its use in the invention of new instruments during the late
eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries is examined and the arrival in Ireland of many of these innovative instruments...
peer-reviewed; The world of Irish traditional music is one defined by its multiple, porous, and
overlapping experiential contexts. This dynamic, living, and continuously evolving
system of meanings, values, and intentions is sustained by its communities of
individuals who engage in complex and adaptive processes of transmission. Moving
from an overview of the broad historical trajectory of Irish traditional music in postprimary
music education, which includes a consideration of its present-day position as a
core and compulsory aspect of the Junior and Leaving Certificate Music syllabi, this
thesis explores the nature of experience of Irish traditional music as it interfaces with
and negotiates the realities of the post-primary music classroom. Traversing these
diverse and disparate musical landscapes, the primary focus of this thesis is its
conceptualisation of a philosophically charged theory of educative experience for the
experience of Irish traditional music in post-primary music education. Within this
theoretical paradigm, the pedagogical considerations of Irish traditional music resonate
and are deeply embedded.
An integrated action research-grounded theory methodological approach with an
overarching constructivist philosophy defined a longitudinal investigation which was
conducted amongst a cross-section of post-primary music teachers and in a post-primary
music classroom context. The emerging theory...
peer-reviewed; The study of history is a well established discipline. For over sixty years
teachers and students of history have been served by Irish Historical Studies
which has set the standard for most professional writing of history in Ireland.
In recent years historians have opted to answer new needs by publishing new
publications such as the Irish Economic and Social History Journal and
Irish universities too, have a well earned reputation in fostering
historical analysis and scholarship. The University of Limerick History
Society, established in 1997, devoted itself to promoting the study of history
within the University. With the active support of Dr. Bernadette Whelan and
the history faculty the Society grew to become one of the most active groups on
campus. At its foundation, members of the History Society adopted the idea of
producing a journal dedicated to publishing both undergraduate and postgraduate
work. In conjunction with this. members of the Society thought it
appropriate to publish the papers presented at their meetings.
This first volume of History Studies contains papers presented to the
History Society, including those delivered as part of the Holocaust Forum
which took place in November-December 1997.
With the support of the history faculty and the financial support of
generous benefactors within the University...
peer-reviewed; This article reviews the Irish university experience of LibQUAL, drawing from interviews with
administrators and library directors in the seven Irish universities together with data from the
Irish LibQUAL notebooks generated from 2009 to 2012. Of the seven Irish universities, three
find it very useful, run it regularly and have integrated it into their planning activities. Two
found LibQUAL to be very useful in an occasional sense and two found LibQUAL to be less
useful for their needs. The results from all LibQUAL notebooks indicate common poor
perceptions about library buildings amongst users. However Irish users’ expectations of
library buildings appear to be higher than elsewhere. The approaches to analysis,
interpretation and response to the results varied from library to library. While most institutions
reported implementing changes as part of their LibQUAL action plans, attitudes around
whether LibQUAL was a catalyst for change in their libraries varied. The majority of those
interviewed described themselves as somewhat satisfied, as opposed to very satisfied, with
the tool. At a national level, LibQUAL has repositioned the importance of the physical library
environment within strategic planning and has placed the customer firmly at the center of Irish
university library development.
peer-reviewed; Irish students’ interest and enjoyment of science deteriorates as they progress
through formal education and subsequently enrolments in the physical sciences at
second and third level education are low. Research in science education has
identified reasons for the poor uptake of science subjects with attitude identified
as a key factor (Regan, 2005; Smyth and Hannon, 2002). This thesis documents a
research study in which Concept Mapping was introduced into a third level
education physics classroom with the aim to improve students’ attitude towards
Physics (Phase 1 and Phase 2). The research was developed further to investigate
the role of Concept Mapping in analysing physics students’ use of scientific
language when problem solving (Phase 3).
Due to the diversity of the research questions a mixed-model methodology was
employed incorporating both qualitative and quantitative research paradigms. The
research participants employed in this action research study (longitudinal study)
consists of 88 pre-service science teachers enrolled in a science education degree
in the University of Limerick. The initial phases (Phase 1 and Phase 2) of this
longitudinal study examined the use of Concept Mapping in third level education
in Ireland and analysed pre-service science teachers’ opinion of the tool. The third
phase of the study involved the analysis of the research participant’s use of
scientific language. Experts were recruited in this phase to examine the
comparable use of language used by both students (novice) and experts. Data
collection tools involved the use of student constructed concept maps...
non-peer-reviewed; This dissertation is concerned with the polyvalent symbolism of the piano and its
manifestation in 78rmp recordings of Irish traditional dance music early in the
twentieth century in America. Irish dance music was conceived and practised in its
original rural Irish context as an unaccompanied, melodic form whose clear purpose
was that of accompaniment to the associated dance figure (I). On being introduced to
America by immigrant Irish communities, the music did not seem to resonate within
this new urban landscape, reflecting the geographical, social and cultural displacement
of the music's practitioners and audiences (III). One way in which the Irish negotiated
their ideological space and ethnic identity was through music. Irish traditional dance
music was mediated by the piano, initially a symbol of Victorian ideals representing
prestige, morality, economic status, and high culture. This symbolism was replaced by
a more contemporary interpretation, one that embodied the mechanical complexity of
the modern industrial age (II). The addition of the piano to Irish records imbued the
music with these associated characteristics. The 78rmp recordings of Irish music with
piano accompaniment thus become a social...
non-peer-reviewed; Background: This study arose from a wider University of Limerick, Clinical Therapies
Departmental project, seeking to plot Irish occupational therapy history. Dr. Eamonn
O’Sullivan’s, “ A Textbook of Occupational Therapy with Chief Reference to Psychological
Medicine” emerged as a primary document outlining occupational therapy in Ireland at the
beginning of the 20th Century.
Objective: The study aims to identify the philosophical assumptions of occupational therapy
articulated within Dr. O’Sullivan Textbook. In an effort to cement Dr. O’ Sullivan’s position
within Irish occupational therapy heritage the Textbook is reviewed as a document of
Methods: Historical documentary analysis of the Textbook, viewed as a primary source of
data ensued. A pertinent dataset of eleven chapters was identified after external criticism
and Textbook familiarisation. Inductive thematic analysis, at semantic level then followed.
Results: Analysis revealed four themes: process and outcome of occupational therapy,
consequences of occupational engagement, classification of occupation form and the
Conclusion: The identified themes enunciated the contradictory philosophical assumptions
of pragmatism and structuralism...
non-peer-reviewed; The purpose of this study is to explore IT project management and governance practices across the Irish University sector. Restrictions around resources in the public sector are putting Irish Universities in general under extreme pressure to do more with less. This alone should be forcing these institutions to review their operations to ensure they are using these limited resources wisely. This study aims to uncover what is being done to ensure IT are doing the right projects to ensure there is an alignment between the business and IT. The literature search identified four themes within which to focus the research; IT governance, project governance, top management support and project portfolio management. No project management or governance literature exists for the Irish context. Three perspectives from each of the seven Irish Universities were gathered through open ended interviews in an attempt to gain a holistic view of the status quo in each University. The findings in this study reveal that the alignment between the business and IT is certainly on the agenda within the Irish University sector with IT governance either recently introduced or to be introduced in the near future. However, the findings also reveal that not enough is being done to ensure that IT departments are doing the right projects given that project portfolio management is only visible at two Universities. In addition...
peer-reviewed; Background: The popularity of Irish dancing (ID) has increased enormously since the success of “Riverdance, The Show”. The last two decades have seen the evolution of ID to professional status as well as the elongation and intensification of competitive careers. However, scant investigation of musculoskeletal pain and injury among this cohort has been undertaken.
Aims: To establish the incidence, type and causes of musculoskeletal pain and injury among current and former elite adult Irish dancers. To investigate the impact of job-satisfaction on the health and well-being of professional Irish dancers. To prospectively identify factors predisposing elite adult Irish dancers to pain/injury, and to propose guidelines for an evidence-based screening program to attempt to minimise the impact of same.
Methods: A systematic review was conducted to examine existing research in this area. An online questionnaire was used to establish retrospective rates and perceived causes of pain/injury, as well as job satisfaction in a cohort of 178 professional Irish dancers. A different cohort of 104 elite adult Irish dancers completed a questionnaire investigating diverse biopsychosocial factors and 84 of these subjects underwent an extensive physical screening. Eighty-four subjects were followed up at monthly intervals for one year using an online questionnaire. Data regarding injury...
peer-reviewed; History Studies, in its sixth edition, has continued to attract an eclectic selection of
studies, reflective of the research being conducted in Irish institutions and the field of
Irish history. The contributions to this publication represent post-doctoral and doctoral
research both in its nascent and concluding stages. Volume six has, for the first time,
incorporated reviews of recent additions to Irish historiography. The reviews were chosen
to emphasise some of the emerging new themes within Irish historical scholarship. The
range of Irish historiography has expanded greatly in the last decade and the present state
of research is deemed to he healthy. However, the experience of post-graduate students in
particular, suggests that the services available to researchers in this country have not
evolved in tandem with this development. The repositories of historical sources in Ireland
are under funded and are struggling to fulfil their function. Archival institutions are often
understaffed, with many holdings inappropriately housed and uncatalogued. Limited
opening hours are a further impediment to research, and prove especially problematic for
scholars hased outside of Dublin and those working in provincial archives. Access to
catalogued sources is often frustratingly inconsistent. Archaic cataloguing practices
unnesessarily protract the retrieval of source material. There is an urgent need to embrace
new technological developments. Specifically...
peer-reviewed; The quality and diversity of the contributions to volume seven of History Studies is
indicative of the niche which the journal has established in the field of academic
publishing as the sole post-graduate produced history periodical in Ireland. The broad
compass of historical research being conducted at undergraduate, post-graduate and
post-doctoral levels is reflected in the content of this volume. Last year, volume six
marked a new and highly successful departure for History Studies with the
introduction of a book review section and the establishment of an annual forum. This
edition consolidates these developments as well as expanding the scope of the journal
to incorporate an archival profile of Special Collections at the University of Limerick.
It is envisaged that this will become a standard feature of future editions.
The History Studies forum has taken its lead from progressive independent
initiatives such as the annual Irish History Students' Association Conference and the
Irish Historical Society post graduate seminar, which provide a medium for postgraduate
interaction. A series of student-led collaborative inter-university conferences
have also proved to be successful in establishing research links and awareness
between post-graduate students. On the publishing front...
peer-reviewed; I am pleased to present volume eleven of History Studies. This contains nine essays
based on the work of postgraduate students in both Irish and British universities. The
essays in this volume cover various aspects of Irish, British and American history.
Ranging from a defence of Irish 'general history' to a re-evaluation of the 'war of the
world's' broadcast in the United States in 1938. The essays presented are as varied as
royal succession in medieval England to the role of the IRA in the anti-drugs
campaign in I980s Dublin and the 1641 rebellion in Cavan to the conservative revival
in England. The range of essays highlights the expanding nature of historical enquiries
being pursued by research students in our universities. This in turn will ensure the
survival of joumals like tbis one.
This thesis traces the migration of Irish Presbyterian clerics to the Thirteen Colonies and the United States over the course of the years 1683 to 1901. Further, it demonstrates that this clerical migration can be used in conjunction with what is already known about Irish Presbyterian migration to America in the eighteenth century to sketch the general shape and parameters of general Irish Presbyterian migration to the United States in the nineteenth century—something which seemed a near impossibility due to factors such as an absence of useable demographic data. In so doing, it posits a solution to a problem that has bedeviled specialists in Irish-American immigration for thirty years: how to find and study Irish Protestant immigrants in the nineteenth century in a way which gives some idea of the overall shape and frequency of the phenomenon. The following thesis is interdisciplinary and broad in the techniques employed, questions asked, and the literature it has consulted, incorporating much developed by historians of religion, ethnicity, culture, Colonial America, the United States, the Atlantic world, Ireland, and Britain in this study of emigration from Ireland and immigration to America.; Thesis (Ph.D, History) -- Queen's University...
In the years between 1919 and 1923 Ireland experienced significant political and social upheavals, most notably the partitioning of the country and the end of British rule in the south following an armed struggle for independence. The division of Ireland resulted in the creation of political minorities on either side of the border; while unionist Northern Ireland found itself home to a sizable nationalist community, the independent Irish Free State inherited a smaller number of loyalists. Although the nationalist population of Northern Ireland has received considerable attention from historians, until very recently, southern Irish loyalists were largely ignored in the historiography of the Irish Revolution and the Irish Free State. Historians are now demonstrating greater interest in the experiences of southern loyalists, but the loyalist community continues to be defined largely through its relationship with the nationalist majority. This study will consider loyalists on their own terms, using sources originating from the loyalist community.; Thesis (Ph.D, History) -- Queen's University, 2014-09-29 22:01:46.207
peer-reviewed; A variety of anti-plagiarism software applications have appeared in recent years, but the pedagogical and institutional practices underpinning their use remains largely unexplored. It is essential to increase the amount of evidence-based literature that investigates the use of anti-plagiarism software in higher education. In the light of this, this chapter explores the integration of anti-plagiarism software in an Irish university since early 2006 and the progress made to date. We use data gathered from our own context to show how instructors are using this software to date, what trends emerge and what can be deduced about the adoption of the system to guide future research questions. Best practices are suggested for educators in order to help them to use anti-plagiarism software in proactive, positive, and pedagogically sound ways.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2008n54p19Field Day has been the most important collective cultural initiative in Ireland since Yeats and Lady Gregory’s National Theatre movement in the early twentieth century. Founded in 1980 to articulate a cultural intervention into the crisis in Northern Ireland, it brought together some of the most important cultural figures in Ireland, such as the playwright Brian Friel, the actor Stephen Rea, and the poet Seamus Heaney. While it was originally conceived of as a touring theatre company, the enterprise also became a publishing imprint, and has produced some of the most challenging scholarly work on Irish culture and history. Its most ambitious project was The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing, a massive undertaking that looked to compile and rethink 1,500 years of Irish writing. When the first three volumes of the Anthology were published in 1991 the egregious lack of women’s writing in their 4,044 double-columned pages, and the fact that not one of the editors of the 44 different sections was a woman, were immediately noted. In an embarrassed response, the editors commissioned a second instalment, which was entirely edited by women and devoted to women’s writing, and was published in 2002 in two volumes. The focus of this article is on the modes of postcolonial thinking that informed these two instalments. The first three volumes were clearly influenced by thinkers such as Said...