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Length of internship influences performance on medical residency exam; Duração do internato influencia o desempenho no exame de residência médica

SANTOS, Itamar de Souza; VIEIRA, Joaquim Edson; NUNES, Maria do Patrocínio Tenório
Fonte: Associação Médica Brasileira Publicador: Associação Médica Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
OBJECTIVES: Medical education encompasses globally diverse context and conditions. The Brazilian scenario seemed a natural environment to study the influence of medical education programs and internship duration on the entrance exam for medical residency. This investigation evaluates some methods used during the entrance exam for medical residency as a means to make a distinction between candidates with longer clerkships. METHODS: Candidates selected for a residency program performed a multiple-choice (MC), an open question (OQ) and OSCE-like tests, an interview and a curriculum analysis for participation in scientific meetings, papers published and voluntary activities. Groups were compared for gender, year of graduation, tests and OSCE scores. RESULTS: Participants were distributed into two groups based on clerkship duration: 2 years or less than 2 years. There was no difference for the MCT score among groups or any of the activities from interview and curriculum analysis. The 2 years clerkship group showed significantly higher OQ (p=0.009) and OSCE-like affective (p=0.025) and knowledge (p=0.002) scores. CONCLUSION: The OSCE test identified some aspects related to competence acquisition and assessed basic skills and attitudes essential to the supervised practice of medicine during residency. OSCE discriminated aspects not perceived by the sole use of knowledge tests.; OBJETIVOS: A educação médica mostra contextos e condições globalmente diversas. O cenário no Brasil pode ser considerado um ambiente natural para se estudar a influência da diversidade dos programas de educação médica bem como a duração do internato no exame de entrada para residência médica. Esta investigação avalia alguns métodos usados no exame de entrada para residência médica como métodos para diferenciar os candidatos com internatos mais longos. MÉTODOS: Candidatos selecionados para um programa de residência executaram um teste múltiplas-escolhas (MCT)...

Caracterização do perfil dos candidatos ao Concurso de Residência Médica do Sistema Único de Saúde, no período de 1999 a 2004; Characterization of applicants profile to Single Health System Medical Residency Contest, in the period 1999-2004

Carro, Adriana Rosa Linhares
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar o perfil dos candidatos ao Concurso de Residência Médica do Sistema Único de Saúde a partir do Concurso 1999, comparando-o com o concurso realizado 5 anos depois, Concurso SUS 2004. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo a partir da utilização de dados secundários contidos num banco organizado pela Fundação Carlos Chagas e disponibilizado para a Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de São Paulo. As variáveis dos candidatos analisadas foram: sexo, idade, opção de escolha, local de graduação, natureza jurídica da faculdade de graduação, bem como seu desempenho no Exame Nacional de Cursos - Provão, presença e situação de habilitação no concurso. O número de candidatos aumentou 18% no período, sendo a maioria dos inscritos do sexo masculino, embora as mulheres tenham aumentado seu percentual de participação. A maior parte dos candidatos encontra-se na faixa entre 22 e 24 anos, seguida por candidatos na faixa entre 25 e 27 anos, tendo havido um envelhecimento do perfil dos candidatos no período. A maioria dos inscritos origina-se da Região Sudeste, sobretudo do Estado de São Paulo, e as Regiões Norte e Centro-Oeste contribuem com o menor percentual de candidatos. De forma geral predominam candidatos graduados em faculdades públicas...

Medical education in pediatric : attitude assessment in health promotion and preventive care; Educação médica na residência de pediatria : avaliação de atitudes em promoção e prevenção de saúde

Zardo, Lina Aparecida; Bozzetti, Mary Clarisse
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
Objetivos: avaliar atitudes sobre puericultura e cuidados primários em pediatria, bem como aspectos de treinamento e educação médica em residentes de pediatria, em consonância com o paradigma médico atual. Métodos: os sujeitos foram 133 residentes de seis serviços de residência em pediatria da cidade de Porto Alegre. É um estudo transversal, descritivo, no qual os residentes responderam a um questionário e uma escala de mensuração de atitudes (escala de Likert) com 30 proposições acerca dos temas acima, aplicados simultaneamente, em pequenos grupos, nos locais de estágio. Resultados: quanto ao sexo, nos estágios predominaram mulheres, na proporção de três para um. A maioria deles pretende especializar-se numa área da pediatria, principalmente aquelas que envolvem tecnologia avançada, sendo as escolhas influenciadas pelos estágios prévios e pelos professores ou tutores, embora informem desejar trabalhar em prevenção no futuro. Quanto à escala, 87% apresentaram atitudes adequadas, tanto positivas como negativas, conforme o padrão ouro utilizado. Conclusões: o resultado obtido neste estudo, quanto às atitudes, foi bastante satisfatório, porém, as escolhas profissionais futuras preocupam o sistema de educação médica. As autoras sugerem desenvolver e aprimorar estudos de atitudes...

Percepções de médicos oftalmologistas de como os programas de residência médica do estado de São Paulo os prepararam para a prática profissional; Perceptions of ophthalmologists of how medical residency programs of the state of São Paulo prepared them for practice

Tatiana Millan
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/12/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
Introdução: Os programas de residência médica em oftalmologia credenciados pelo Ministério de Educação são avaliados baseados em critérios objetivos e podem não refletir as percepções que os egressos desses programas têm sobre sua formação. Há poucos estudos no Brasil que avaliaram se as habilidades necessárias para a prática estão sendo adequadamente adquiridas ou como os egressos dos programas de residência percebem a aquisição dessas habilidades. Objetivos: Verificar as percepções de médicos oftalmologistas egressos de programas de residência médica em oftalmologia do estado de São Paulo nos últimos 5 (cinco) anos sobre como sua residência médica os preparou para a prática, verificando o nível de satisfação dos egressos quanto à aquisição de conhecimentos clínicos, à aquisição de habilidades cirúrgicas e ao desenvolvimento da relação médico-paciente e identificando possíveis deficiências no ensino da oftalmologia nas diversas áreas clínicas e cirúrgicas. Material e Métodos: O instrumento de pesquisa utilizado foi um questionário, elaborado com base nos critérios exigidos para credenciar os programas de residência em oftalmologia pelo Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia, com perguntas estruturadas e uma escala do tipo Likert para avaliar o nível de satisfação dos egressos quanto ao seu curso de residência. A amostra calculada foi de 206 sujeitos para um nível de significância de 5%. O questionário foi aplicado através de correio eletrônico de janeiro a dezembro de 2010. Resultados: Duzentos e onze egressos de programas de residência em oftalmologia do estado de São Paulo responderam ao questionário...

Length of internship influences performance on medical residency exam

Santos,Itamar de Souza; Vieira,Joaquim Edson; Nunes,Maria do Patrocínio Tenório
Fonte: Associação Médica Brasileira Publicador: Associação Médica Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
OBJECTIVES: Medical education encompasses globally diverse context and conditions. The Brazilian scenario seemed a natural environment to study the influence of medical education programs and internship duration on the entrance exam for medical residency. This investigation evaluates some methods used during the entrance exam for medical residency as a means to make a distinction between candidates with longer clerkships. METHODS: Candidates selected for a residency program performed a multiple-choice (MC), an open question (OQ) and OSCE-like tests, an interview and a curriculum analysis for participation in scientific meetings, papers published and voluntary activities. Groups were compared for gender, year of graduation, tests and OSCE scores. RESULTS: Participants were distributed into two groups based on clerkship duration: 2 years or less than 2 years. There was no difference for the MCT score among groups or any of the activities from interview and curriculum analysis. The 2 years clerkship group showed significantly higher OQ (p=0.009) and OSCE-like affective (p=0.025) and knowledge (p=0.002) scores. CONCLUSION: The OSCE test identified some aspects related to competence acquisition and assessed basic skills and attitudes essential to the supervised practice of medicine during residency. OSCE discriminated aspects not perceived by the sole use of knowledge tests.

A pioneering experience in Brazil: the creation of a center for assistance and research for medical residents (NAPREME) at the Escola Paulista de Medicina, Federal University of São Paulo

Nogueira-Martins,Luiz Antonio; Stella,Regina Celes de Rosa; Nogueira,Helio Egydio
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
The decision to develop a treatment service for medical residents at Escola Paulista de Medicina was influenced by three main factors: the suicide of four young doctors (2 residents) at this institution between 1995 and 1996, a research study that investigated stress among medical residents and the experience of other countries in response to similar problems. NAPREME has the following objectives: to help to reduce stress among residents, stimulate professional and personal development, prevent professional dysfunction and emotional disorders, offer psychological treatment, assess the tutors of residency programmes and develop research programmes to better identify risk factors for emotional problems during the residency period. We hope that by doing this the overall quality of the residency programme will improve, both for the professionals and the patients.

Clinical and demographic profile of users of a mental health system for medical residents and other health professionals undergoing training at the Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Fagnani Neto,Rafael; Obara,Cristina Sueko; Macedo,Paula Costa Mosca; Cítero,Vanessa Albuquerque; Nogueira-Martins,Luiz Antonio
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
CONTEXT: A postgraduate and resident trainee mental health assistance center was created in September 1996 within our university. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and demographic profile of its users. TYPE OF STUDY: Retrospective. SETTING: Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Escola Paulista de Medicina (Unifesp-EPM). METHODS: The study was carried between September 1996 and November 2002, when 233 semi-structured registration forms were filled out either by the psychologist or the psychiatrist during their first contact with the trainees, who were medical and nursing residents, and postgraduate students at specialization, master or doctoral levels. The registration forms included demographic, occupational and clinical data. RESULTS: The trainees were predominantly young (mean of 27 years old), single (82.0% of cases), women (79.4%), seeking help especially during the first year of training (63.1%). In 70.8% of the cases, they came to the service spontaneously. Such individuals showed greater adherence to the treatment than those who were referred by supervisors (p < 0.05). In 30% of the cases, the trainee sought psychological guidance or support at the service due to specific situational conflicts. Depression and anxiety disorders were the most frequent diagnoses; 22.3% of the trainees followed up mentioned a tendency towards suicidal thoughts. In comparison with other trainees...

Medical education in pediatrics: attitude assessment in health promotion and preventive care

Zardo,Lina Aparecida; Bozzetti,Mary Clarisse
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate attitudes in childcare and primary care in pediatrics, as well as aspects of training and medical education for residents in pediatrics consistent with the current medical paradigm. METHODS: the subjects were 133 residents of six pediatrics residency services in the city of Porto Alegre, RS. A cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed consisting of a questionnaire and an attitude measurement scale (Likert scale). Thirty propositions related to the issues of child care and primary care in pediatrics were simultaneously submitted to small groups of residents at their residency settings. RESULTS: women outnumbered men in a ratio of three to one in the residency programs. The majority aimed at a specialty in pediatrics, principally the ones involving high-tech procedures. Choices were influenced by prior training and by professors or tutors, although they stated they would like to work in prevention in the future. As for the scale, 87% had the right attitudes, both positive and negative, according to the Golden standard applied. CONCLUSIONS: the result obtained in this study related to attitude was very satisfactory but future professional choices are a concern to the medical educational system. The authors suggest that studies on attitude be further developed and improved to become a source of input for new strategies in the area of pediatrics education.

Laparoscopic skill laboratory in urological surgery: tools and methods for resident training

Torricelli,Fabio C. M.; Guglielmetti,Giuliano; Duarte,Ricardo J.; Srougi,Miguel
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Urologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Urologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
PURPOSE: Laparoscopy has certainly brought considerable benefits to patients, but laparoscopic surgery requires a set of skills different from open surgery, and learning in the operating room may increase surgical time, and even may be harmful to patients. Several training programs have been developed to decrease these potential prejudices. PURPOSES: to describe the laparoscopic training program for urological residents of the "Hospital das Clinicas" of the Sao Paulo Medical School, to report urological procedures that are feasible in dry and wet labs, and to perform a critical analysis of the cost-benefit relation of advanced laparoscopic skills laboratory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The laparoscopic skill lab has two virtual simulators, three manual simulators, and four laparoscopic sets for study with a porcine model. The urology residents during their first year attend classes in the virtual and manual simulator and helps the senior urological resident in activities carried out with the laparoscopic sets. During the second year, the urological resident has six periods per week, each period lasting four hours, to perform laparoscopic procedures with a porcine model. Results: In a training program of ten weeks, one urological resident performs an average of 120 urological procedures. The most common procedures are total nephrectomy (30%)...

Permanent health education based on research with professionals of a multidisciplinary residency program: case study

Silva,Cristiane Trivisiol da; Terra,Marlene Gomes; Camponogara,Silviamar; Kruse,Maria Henriqueta Luce; Roso,Camila Castro; Xavier,Mariane da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
This research aims to identify the perception of professional members of a multi-professional residency program on Permanent Health Education. It is a case study research using a qualitative approach, with sixteen members of a multi-professional residency program. The data were collected from January to May 2012, through semi-structured interviews, document analysis and systematic observation, and analyzed according to Thematic Content Analysis. Two categories were identified: Permanent Health Education establishing collective spaces of reflection of practices and Permanent Health Education that promotes integration between disciplines. The members of the multiprofessional residency team were found to be aware that permanent education permeates their training and enables reflection on their clinical practices and multidisciplinary action as producers of health actions.

The formation of nurses in residency programs in public and private intensive care units

Aguiar,Iasmim Lima; Castro,Lívia Magalhães Costa; Rangel,Anna Gabriella Carvalho; Pedreira,Larissa Chaves; Fagundes,Norma Carapiá
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
This qualitative study aimed to acknowledge the importance of practice in public and private institutions in the training of nurses in residency programs. Data were collected at two hospitals between February and March 2013, through interviews. From their analysis the following categories emerged: experience of graduate nurses in residency programs in ICUs of public and private institutions and potential for learning in public and private institutions regarding the training of nurses. Differences were detected in the work process and in the profile of patients between the public and private fields, and dissociation between caring and management functions carried out by residents was demonstrated. It was concluded that the development of practices in public and private institutions provides different and complementary experiences which prepare residents for management and care activities, improve management and technical assistance skills, encourages the exercise of in-service education and, by means of surveys, the search for solutions to problems that emerge from daily work.

Operating Room Staff and Female Patient

Fonte: Universidade de Rochester Publicador: Universidade de Rochester
Tipo: Imagem
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
A posed image in which a seated female patient in a kimono style robe is surrounded by two nurses (one of whom holds her hand), a senior surgeon and two members of the house staff.

Effectiveness of an e-learning course in evidence-based medicine for foundation (internship) training

Hadley, J.; Kulier, R.; Zamora, J.; Coppus, S.; Weinbrenner, S.; Meyerrose, B.; Decsi, T.; Horvath, A.; Nagy, E.; Emparanza, J.; Arvanitis, T.; Burls, A.; Cabello, J.; Kaczor, M.; Zanrei, G.; Pierer, K.; Kunz, R.; Wilkie, V.; Wall, D.; Mol, B.; et al.
Fonte: Royal Society of Medicine Press Publicador: Royal Society of Medicine Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
AIM To evaluate the educational effectiveness of a clinically integrated e-learning course for teaching basic evidence-based medicine (EBM) among postgraduate medical trainees compared to a traditional lecture-based course of equivalent content. METHODS We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial to compare a clinically integrated e-learning EBM course (intervention) to a lecture-based course (control) among postgraduate trainees at foundation or internship level in seven teaching hospitals in the UK West Midlands region. Knowledge gain among participants was measured with a validated instrument using multiple choice questions. Change in knowledge was compared between groups taking into account the cluster design and adjusted for covariates at baseline using generalized estimating equations (GEE) model. RESULTS There were seven clusters involving teaching of 237 trainees (122 in the intervention and 115 in the control group). The total number of postgraduate trainees who completed the course was 88 in the intervention group and 72 in the control group. After adjusting for baseline knowledge, there was no difference in the amount of improvement in knowledge of EBM between the two groups. The adjusted post course difference between the intervention group and the control group was only 0.1 scoring points (95% CI −1.2–1.4). CONCLUSION An e-learning course in EBM was as effective in improving knowledge as a standard lecture-based course. The benefits of an e-learning approach need to be considered when planning EBM curricula as it allows standardization of teaching materials and is a potential cost-effective alternative to standard lecture-based teaching.; Julie Hadley ... Ben WJ Mol ... et al.

Avaliação da qualidade de vida, sonolência diurna e burnout em Médicos Residentes; Quality of life, daytime sleepiness, and burnout in medical residents

ASAIAG, Paulo Eduardo; PEROTTA, Bruno; MARTINS, Milton de Arruda; TEMPSKI, Patrícia
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
A residência médica pode gerar sonolência diurna e burnout, que afetam a saúde física e mental do médico e prejudicam sua qualidade de vida (QV). Nosso objetivo foi conhecer a QV do médico residente e fatores de influência. Os residentes (n = 136) do Hospital Universitário Evangélico de Curitiba responderam à autoavaliação da QV, WHOQOL - abreviado, escala de sonolência diurna de Epworth e inventário de burnout de Maslach. Observou-se que a nota atribuída à QV na residência foi mais baixa que a nota da QV geral, e 76% dos residentes apresentaram escores patológicos de sonolência diurna, sendo maiores no grupo no primeiro ano e nas mulheres. Na análise de burnout, encontraram-se altos níveis de exaustão emocional (32,1 ± 8,2) e de despersonalização (11,0 ± 6,8), com moderado nível de realização pessoal (33,9 ± 7,0), não tendo havido diferença nos escores de burnout entre os sexos. Obteve-se correlação negativa entre os escores de Epworth, do WHOQOL e da autoavaliação, e correlação positiva entre sonolência diurna e carga horária de trabalho.; Medical residency can generate daytime sleepiness and burnout, affecting the young physicians' physical and mental health and jeopardizing their quality of life (QoL). Our aim was to investigate the OoL of medical residents and related factors. Residents (n = 136) at the Evangelical University Hospital in Curitiba answered the short version of the WHO Quality of Life assessment (WHOQOL)...

Medical residency: factors relating to "difficulty in helping" in the resident physician-patient relationship

Marco,Mario Alfredo De; Cítero,Vanessa Albuquerque; Nogueira-Martins,Maria Cezira Fantini; Yazigi,Latife; Wissow,Lawrence Sagin; Nogueira-Martins,Luiz Antonio; Andreoli,Sergio Baxter
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have attempted to understand what leads physicians to label patients as 'difficult'. Understanding this process is particularly important for resident physicians, who are developing attitudes that may have long-term impact on their interactions with patients. The aim of this study was to distinguish between patients' self-rated emotional state (anxiety and depression) and residents' perceptions of that state as a predictor of patients being considered difficult. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey conducted in the hospital of Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp). METHODS: The residents completed a sociodemographic questionnaire and rated their patients using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Difficulty in Helping the Patient Questionnaire (DTH). The patients completed HADS independently and were rated using the Karnofsky Performance Status scale. RESULTS: On average, the residents rated the patients as presenting little difficulty. The residents' ratings of difficulty presented an association with their ratings for patient depression (r = 0.35, P = 0.03) and anxiety (r = 0.46, P = 0.02), but not with patients' self-ratings for depression and anxiety. Residents from distant cities were more likely to rate patients as difficult to help than were residents from the city of the hospital (mean score of 1.93 versus 1.07; P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Understanding what leads residents to label patients as having depression and anxiety problems may be a productive approach towards reducing perceived difficulty. Residents from distant cities may be more likely to find their patients difficult

Current status of residency training in laparoscopic surgery in Brazil: a critical review

NÁCUL,Miguel Prestes; CAVAZZOLA,Leandro Totti; MELO,Marco Cezário de
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.23%
INTRODUCTION: The surgeon's formation process has changed in recent decades. The increase in medical schools, new specialties and modern technologies induce an overhaul of medical education. Medical residency in surgery has established itself as a key step in the formation of the surgeon, and represents the ideal and natural way for teaching laparoscopy. However, the introduction of laparoscopic surgery in the medical residency programs in surgical specialties is insufficient, creating the need for additional training after its termination. OBJECTIVE: To review the surgical teaching ways used in services that published their results. METHODS: Survey of relevant publications in books, internet and databases in PubMed, Lilacs and Scielo through july 2014 using the headings: laparoscopy; simulation; education, medical; learning; internship and residency. RESULTS: The training method for medical residency in surgery focused on surgical procedures in patients under supervision, has proven successful in the era of open surgery. However, conceptually turns as a process of experimentation in humans. Psychomotor learning must not be developed directly to the patient. Training in laparoscopic surgery requires the acquisition of psychomotor skills through training conducted initially with surgical simulation. Platforms based teaching problem solving as the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery...

Health-related quality of life predictors during medical residency in a random, stratified sample of residents

Macedo,Paula Costa Mosca; Cítero,Vanessa de Albuquerque; Schenkman,Simone; Nogueira-Martins,Maria Cezira Fantini; Morais,Mauro Batista; Nogueira-Martins,Luiz Antonio
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of life during the first three years of training and identify its association with sociodemographicoccupational characteristics, leisure time and health habits. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with a random sample of 128 residents stratified by year of training was conducted. The Medical Outcome Study -short form 36 was administered. Mann-Whitney tests were carried out to compare percentile distributions of the eight quality of life domains, according to sociodemographic variables, and a multiple linear regression analysis was performed, followed by a validity checking for the resulting models. RESULTS: The physical component presented higher quality of life medians than the mental component. Comparisons between the three years showed that in almost all domains the quality of life scores of the second year residents were higher than the first year residents (p < 0.01). The mental component scores remained high for third year residents (p < 0.01). Predictors of higher quality of life were: second or third year of residency, satisfaction with the training program, sufficient time for leisure, and care of critical patients for less than 30 hours per week. CONCLUSION: The mental component of quality of life was the most impaired component...

Construction of a competence-based curriculum for internship in obstetrics and gynecology within the medical course at the Federal University of Ceará (Sobral campus)

Linhares,José Juvenal; Dutra,Bárbara de Araújo Lima; Ponte,Maycon Fellipe da; Tofoli,Luis Fernando Farah de; Távora,Priscila Campos; Macedo,Filipe Sancho de; Arruda,Guarany Mont'Alverne de
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: This research project arose from a proposal made to the teachers by the students of a medical course at a federal university in Brazil, from their personal experiences regarding the skills and competencies that should be developed during the obstetrics and gynecology (OBG) stage of the internship. The objective here was to develop the matrix of skills necessary for training good general physicians in the medical course. DESIGN AND SETTING: Exploratory qualitative study conducted in a federal university in Brazil. METHODS: The basis for developing these competencies among OBG interns was "The Competency Matrix for Medical Internship" developed by Bollela and Machado. The instrument was presented to, analyzed by and modified by a set of OBG specialists, at two sessions. RESULTS: The specific competencies expected from students over the internship in OBG were framed within overall topics that had previously been determined and listed: healthcare, decision-making, communication and interpersonal relationships, management and organization of the Brazilian National Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde, SUS) and professionalism. CONCLUSIONS: A competency matrix that standardizes the minimum requirements that interns should be capable of putting into practice after concluding the OBG stage is a valuable tool for ensuring student performance and a fair and rigorous assessment for them...

O internato rural do curso de graduação em nutrição da Universidade Federal de Viçosa (Brasil); The rural internship of the graduation course in nutrition of the Federal University of Viçosa (Brazil)

Ruiz, Tânia; Valenza, Percília Dolores; Euclydes, Marilene Pinheiro; Oliveira, Maria do Carmo Fontes de; Garcia, Maria de Lourdes Ferreira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/1985 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
Com a finalidade de se avaliarem os resultados alcançados numa experiência de internato rural, foram analizados os relatórios dos estudantes que dela participaram. Considera-se internato rural a modalidade de estágio que se caracteriza pela transferência do estudante do "campus" universitário para uma comunidade rural, onde permanecerá por tempo determinado. O internato rural no curso da Universidade Federal de Viçosa distingue-se da estrutura de outras universidades principalmente pela proposta que leva de estimular a comunidade a reconhecer seus problemas, e a organizar-se para solucioná-los. Observou-se ao término desse período que os objetivos traçados não foram satisfaloriamenle alingidos. A dificuldade em estimular os habitantes para identificarem os seus próprios problemas e se organizarem no sentido de solucioná-los, a escassez de recursos para manter os estudantes no campo e a desconlinuidade do programa foram os entraves fundamentais. Entretanto, constatou-se que, como prática do exercício profissional na área de Saúde Pública e possibilidade de vivenciar o cotidiano de uma comunidade rural, o estágio é de fundamental importância para os estudantes. Concluiu-se tratar-se de uma experiência válida...

Residência médica em medicina legal: objetivos; Medical residency in forensic medicine: objectives

Muñoz, Daniel Romero; Gianvecchio, Victor Alexandre Percino
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/11/2005 POR
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A Medicina Legal é vista como especialidade que “cuida de cadáveres”. Entretanto, seu campo é muito mais amplo: ela auxilia a ciência das normas, o Direito, aplicando conhecimentos médico-biológicos, para que a sociedade consiga atingir um bem maior: a justiça. Na prática cotidiana, o especialista em Medicina Legal utiliza a ciência médica para esclarecer fatos que interessam em um processo judicial ou administrativo. Para tanto, ele lança mão de conhecimentos de toda a Medicina, extrapolando, às vezes, para outras áreas das ciências biológicas. Sua área de atuação são as perícias médicas de qualquer natureza, que se constituem em elementos de prova fundamentais quando as normas (penais, civis, administrativas etc) exigem conhecimentos médicos para serem executadas. A formação de um perito médico exige, além de conhecimentos médicos e de adequadas noções de Direito, o aprendizado e o domínio de critérios específicos, que estabelecem a ligação entre os parâmetros médicos e os jurídicos. No Brasil essa formação é deficiente e deformada. O Programa de Residência Médica em Medicina Legal tem como principal objetivo formar profissionais capazes de atuarem nos diversos segmentos que compõe a Medicina Legal...