Página 1 dos resultados de 7028 itens digitais encontrados em 0.030 segundos

O déficit entre acordado e realizado no Mercosul: a influência dos grupos de interesse e o estudo do caso brasileiro; The deficit between agreed and conducted in Mercosur: the influence of interest groups and the study of the Brazilian case

Araujo, Gustavo Batista
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/07/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.95%
Entre os objetivos enunciados no acordo fundacional do Mercosul encontramos a eliminação das tarifas internas entre os países membros (a instituição de uma zona de livre-comércio) e o estabelecimento de uma tarifa externa comum para a relação com os demais países (criação de uma união aduaneira). A permanência de exceções ao livrecomércio entre os membros do bloco e à Tarifa Externa Comum (TEC) reflete um nível de proteção maior do que o que fora acordado inicialmente. A presente dissertação tem como objetivo explicar esse déficit observado entre o acordado no Tratado de Assunção e o efetivamente implementado no Mercosul. A tese defendida ao longo do trabalho diz respeito à influência de grupos de interesse na formulação de políticas. Mais especificamente, argumenta-se que a influência de grupos de interesse foi um fator preponderante nos descumprimentos em relação ao acordado, especialmente no que se refere a questões comerciais. O trabalho, além disso, busca oferecer indícios, através do estudo do caso brasileiro, que ajudem a sustentar essa hipótese de que os grupos de interesse influenciaram a política comercial no Mercosul, fazendo, dessa forma, com que houvesse o déficit entre acordado e realizado.; Among the objectives stated in the foundational treaty of Mercosul we are able to find the elimination of tariffs in the commerce between member-states (the institution of a Free-Trade Area) and the establishment of a Common External Tariff (CET) for the commercial relations with the rest of the world (creation of a Customs Union). The permanence of exceptions to free trade among the member-states of Mercosul and to the CET reflects a level of protection beyond the level agreed initially in the Tratado de Assunção. The main objective of the present dissertation is to try to explain the deficit observed between the agreed in the Tratado de Assunção and the effectively implemented in reality. The central thesis of this work is that the influence of interest groups was (and still is) a key factor when trying to explain the deficit between agreed and implemented...

Grupos de Interesse e Legislativo: a atuação do empresariado na política comercial brasileira; Interest groups and the legislature: the role of business in brazilian trade policy

Lima, Marília Migliorini de Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/09/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.95%
O escopo desta pesquisa é examinar a relação entre grupos de interesse e o Poder Legislativo em política comercial exterior, desafiando a percepção de que tal instância tenha um papel insignificante no policy-making da política externa brasileira e, portanto, não se configure como âmbito de interesses do empresariado. Mesmo admitindo que a atividade constitucional do Congresso se restrinja à ratificação, existe uma série de fatores que fornecem incentivos para sua utilização como alvo alternativo de pressões do empresariado: intensificação dos custos das negociações para o setor privado, divergência destes grupos com o Executivo, insulamento do Executivo na condução da política externa, ampliação da participação do Brasil em diversos foros negociais, melhor organização do próprio setor privado nacional, entre outros. Para averiguar tal hipótese, além do embasamento teórico, foi empreendida uma análise empírica do período de 1998 a 2008 em política comercial, objetivando um levantamento das matérias concernente, e posterior análise dos movimentos do empresariado em relação a estas peças legislativas. Com essas informações, foi possível realizar uma análise qualitativa dos dados e obter um panorama da relação do Poder Legislativo com grupos de interesse nesta temática.; The scope of this research is to examine the relationship between interest groups and the legislative branch in foreign trade policy...

Empresários, Trabalhadores e Grupos de Interesse: a Política Econômica nos Governos Jânio Quadros e João Goulart, 1961-1964; Entrepreneurs, Workers and Interest Groups: Economic Policy during the Governments of Jânio Quadros and João Goulart, 1961-1964

Loureiro, Felipe Pereira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/04/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.91%
Esta tese analisa a formulação e a implementação da política econômica no Brasil durante as administrações de Jânio Quadros e João Goulart (1961-1964). O objetivo principal é compreender as razões da incapacidade do governo brasileiro para enfrentar os problemas econômicos do período, tais como a inflação e os desequilíbrios no balanço de pagamentos. Explora-se o modo pelo qual determinados grupos sociais, principalmente empresários, trabalhadores e representantes de Estados estrangeiros, interferiram nos resultados da política econômica. Por meio do uso de um amplo conjunto de fontes, abrangendo relatórios empresariais de caráter confidencial, periódicos operários, jornais comerciais e documentos dos governos brasileiro, britânico e norte-americano, conclui-se que as reações dos grupos de interesse foram fundamentais para explicar o fracasso dos planos econômicos do início dos anos 1960, apesar de cada período ter apresentado especificidades importantes. Enquanto na administração Quadros as atitudes dos empresários desempenharam um papel decisivo, na fase final da presidência de João Goulart o foco residiu no agudo conflito distributivo entre capital e trabalho, que levou ao abandono do Plano Trienal de Celso Furtado. As conclusões são relevantes na medida em que estudiosos reconhecem que a intensificação das dificuldades econômicas desse contexto tiveram um impacto decisivo na derrubada do regime político democrático em 1964...

O lobby na regulação da propaganda de alimentos da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária - Anvisa; Lobbying on the food propaganda regulation of the National Health Surveillance Agency - Anvisa

Baird, Marcello Fragano
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Esta dissertação analisa a ação política dos grupos de interesse ao longo do processo de regulação da propaganda de alimentos desencadeado pela Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Anvisa) em 2005. Ao descrever as estratégias e articulações políticas dos grupos de interesse público e dos grupos de interesse empresariais, atenção especial foi dada ao lobby do empresariado, de modo a aferir se sua ação foi bem-sucedida no sentido de minimizar ou anular a polêmica e conflituosa regulação proposta por aquela agência, cujos efeitos incidiam diretamente sobre as atividades do setor privado. O estudo compreendeu um acompanhamento detalhado de cada etapa do processo decisório, buscando observar quais arenas políticas são acionadas por esses grupos para a consecução de seus objetivos. Para a condução desta pesquisa, amparamo-nos no exame exaustivo de documentos relacionados à regulação proposta, oriundos dos três Poderes bem como dos grupos de interesse, e em entrevistas aprofundadas com os principais atores políticos envolvidos com a temática. A análise evidenciou que os grupos de interesse da sociedade civil e do empresariado possuem diferentes estratégias de ação, as quais refletem seus distintos recursos e acesso desigual aos principais canais de poder político. Da mesma forma...

Dos grupos de pressão na democracia representativa: os limites jurídicos; The pressure groups in representative democracy: the juridical limits.

Sanson, Alexandre
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/05/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
Na realidade hodierna, faz-se necessária a análise dos grupos de interesse e, especificamente, de suas ações no âmbito político, por meio de pressão, que refletem o papel da sociedade civil organizada, através de microcosmos de atuação, na realização das aspirações populares, em seus diversos setores da vida, tratando-se de instrumentos de manifestação, canalização e consecução de aspirações coletivas. Nas sociedades complexas e heterogêneas, com a emergência de múltiplos anseios advindos da civilização industrial, por vezes conflitantes, denota-se a insuficiência do Estado em atender igualitariamente a todas as demandas, razão pela qual o cidadão não pode se limitar à figura do eleitor, com atuação periódica pelo voto, devendo assumir postura atuante no núcleo governamental. Os grupos de pressão compõem, assim, uma via da intitulada democracia participativa, com nítido papel contramajoritário, refletindo forças sociais que não encontraram respaldo na estrutura representativa clássica e contribuindo para a otimização do processo decisório institucional, ao aproximar o agente público das realidades dos titulares do poder e conferir legitimidade às medidas em cuja elaboração seus destinatários puderam intervir. A ação coletiva encontra-se alicerçada em preceitos constitucionais...

The Fourth Branch of Government: The Role of Interest Groups, the Media, and Political Advertisements in Contemporary Health Policy Debates

Rabinowitz, Aaron
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.97%
The first part of this dissertation explores whether interest group-sponsored political advertising campaigns influence how journalists frame health policy debates. The paper employs propensity score matching techniques, media content analysis and a modified version of the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index to discern whether a prodigious and concentrated advertising campaign that aired during the health care reform debate under President Obama influenced newspaper coverage of the Affordable Care Act in markets that were exposed to the advertisements. The second part of the dissertation investigates public attitudes toward the various groups in the health care industry. It leverages data from an extensive public opinion survey conducted during the health care reform debate under President Obama, and employs survey weighted ordinal logistic regression models to understand public trust and confidence in a broad spectrum of interest groups, ranging from the American Medical Association to Blue Cross/Blue Shield to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. The findings are particularly important and timely as the implementation battles surrounding the Affordable Care Act begin because citizens frequently take cues from interest group leaders to make sense of the political world...

The Allocation of Resources by Interest Groups: Lobbying, Litigation and Administrative Regulation

De Figueiredo, John M.; De Figueiredo, Rui J. P. Jr.
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 415103 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
One of the central concerns about American policy-making institutions is the degree to which political outcomes can be influenced by interested parties. While the literature on interest group strategies in particular institutions - legislative, administrative, and legal - is extensive, there is very little scholarship which examines how the interdependencies between institutions affects the strategies of groups. In this paper we examine in a formal theoretical model, how the opportunity to litigate administrative rulemaking in the courts affects the lobbying strategies of competing interest groups at the rulemaking stage. Using a resource-based view of group activity, we develop a number of important insights about each stage - which cannot be observed by examining each one in isolation. We demonstrate that lobbying effort responds to the ideology of the court, and the responsiveness of the court to resources. In particular, 1) as courts become more biased toward the status quo...

Illicit Interest Groups: The Political Impact of The Medellin Drug Trafficking Organizations in Colombia

Micolta, Patricia
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
Although drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) exist and have an effect on health, crime, economies, and politics, little research has explored these entities as political organizations. Legal interest groups and movements have been found to influence domestic and international politics because they operate within legal parameters. Illicit groups, such as DTOs, have rarely been accounted for—especially in the literature on interest groups—though they play a measurable role in affecting domestic and international politics in similar ways. Using an interest group model, this dissertation analyzed DTOs as illicit interest groups (IIGs) to explain their political influence. The analysis included a study of group formation, development, and demise that examined IIG motivation, organization, and policy impact. The data for the study drew from primary and secondary sources, which include interviews with former DTO members and government officials, government documents, journalistic accounts, memoirs, and academic research. To illustrate the interest group model, the study examined Medellin-based DTO leaders, popularly known as the “Medellin Cartel.” In particular, the study focused on the external factors that gave rise to DTOs in Colombia and how Medellin DTOs reacted to the implementation of counternarcotics efforts. The discussion was framed by the implementation of the 1979 Extradition Treaty negotiated between Colombia and the United States. The treaty was significant because as drug trafficking became the principal bilateral issue in the 1980s; extradition became a major method of combating the illicit drug business. The study’s findings suggested that Medellin DTO leaders had a one-issue agenda and used a variety of political strategies to influence public opinion and all three branches of government—the judicial...

Public Deliberation and Interest Organisations: a Study of Responses to Lay Citizen Engagement in Public Policy

Hendriks, Carolyn Maree
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This thesis empirically examines how lobby groups and activists respond to innovative forms of public participation. The study centres on processes that foster a particular kind of deliberative governance including citizens’ juries, consensus conferences and planning cells. These deliberative designs bring together a panel of randomly selected lay citizens to deliberate on a specific policy issue for a few days, with the aim of providing decision makers with a set of recommendations. While policy makers worldwide are attracted to these novel participatory processes, little consideration has been given to how well they work alongside more adversarial and interest-based politics. This doctoral research project examines this interface by studying what these processes mean to different kinds of policy actors such as corporations, advocacy groups, government agencies, experts and professionals. These entities are collectively referred to in this thesis as ‘interest organisations’ because in some way they are seeking a specific policy outcome from the state – even government-based groups. The empirical research in this thesis is based on comparative case studies of four deliberative design projects in Australia and Germany. The Australian cases include a citizens’ jury on waste management legislation and a consensus conference on gene technology in the food chain. The German case studies include a planning cells project on consumer protection in Bavaria...

Interest Groups, Government Spending and Italian Industrial Growth (1876-1913)

FIORINO, Nadia; RICCIUTI, Roberto
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
In the last two decades of the XIX century the Italian model of economic growth shifted from agricultural to industrial. Historians maintain that this process was affected by the action of some interest groups that pursued both state protection from competition and specific public expenditure programs. Starting from the economic literature of interest groups, this paper attempts to empirically investigate the role of the interest groups in public expenditure decisions in Italy from 1876 to 1913. We argue that a proper indicator of the role of interest groups is their output. The analysis suggests that government spending was sensitive to the preferences of heavy industry rather then those of textile and cereal cultivators. We therefore highlight the role of the political process in setting economic policy at the early stages of the Italian development.

Myths and Reality of EU Policy Processes and Interest-Groups Participation. Why are interest groups not as successful as they would like to be?

ROZBICKA, Patrycja
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Some interest groups, when referring to their participation in EU policy processes, summarize their experience thus: ‘We are more and more consulted but less and less heard’. While the governance concept in general, and EU multi-level governance in particular, argue for the inclusion of interest groups in the policy process, those groups’ statements prove that in reality the situation is different. The questions that must be answered, then, are: why does this happen, and where is the catch? This thesis examines the EU’s relationships with interest groups in general, and, in particular, the factors supporting and opposing NGOs’ and business groups’ successes and failures in influencing EU policies. I seek to answer the following questions: How does the organization of the EU political system assist or limit NGOs’ and business groups’ participation in the policy process? Does their position in policy networks have any influence on their input transposition? Does it affect the quality of their input? Can external factors to the policy processes themselves be a reason for lack of input implementation? I focus on three case studies. Firstly, as a background study, I examine the EU political system; subsequently, I analyze the EU Sustainable Development Policy and the EU Regulation on chemicals and their safe use (REACH) as particular examples of ‘on-the-ground’ cases. My main methodologies are process-tracing (including comparative content text analysis)...

The allocation of distributive program benefits and the maintenance of interest groups

Blair, LaVonna Jeanne
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
This thesis explores the relationship between federal program recipients and interest groups. It is argued here that interest groups attempt to claim credit for federal program benefits. Claiming credit efforts are the activities interest group leaders engage in that are designed to call attention to the group and generate program recipient support of the group. More directly, credit claiming for program benefits is offered as another means for an interest group to solve its collective action problem. Here, instead of interest group leaders having to produce and provide selective benefits, they are expected to take advantage of their involvement with particular federal programs to resolve their maintenance problems. It is further argued that effective credit claiming must have affective, evaluative, and behavioral impacts on program recipients. The credit claiming model is explored at both the macro-level and micro-levels. Interest group leaders were surveyed to determine whether they engaged in credit claiming for particular programs. Recipients of these same programs were also surveyed in order to determine their relationship with the groups that speak on behalf of their program(s). Key determinants of the relationship between interest groups and program recipients are found to be: the nature of the federal program benefit (particularistic versus collective); the presence of other interest groups; and the credit claiming activities of the interest group.

Du recrutement au lobbying: une étude de l'utilisation du marketing politique par les groupes d'intérêt au Québec

Lemieux, Patrick
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
L’objectif de ce mémoire est double. D’une part, il vise à proposer un cadre d’analyse novateur permettant d’étendre le modèle du marketing politique, traditionnellement limité au cas des partis politiques, en l’appliquant aux stratégies de recrutement (en amont) et de lobbying (en aval) des groupes d’intérêt. D’autre part, il a pour but de donner un nouveau souffle à l’étude des groupes d’intérêt en tant que sous-champ de la science politique en situant leur action dans une perspective dynamique et stratégique. De façon plus spécifique, cette recherche vise à évaluer, à l’aide de deux hypothèses, le degré de déploiement global de l’approche marketing chez les groupes d’intérêt au Québec et à comparer son niveau de pénétration spécifique au sein des différentes organisations. La première hypothèse avance que le degré de déploiement global du marketing politique auprès des groupes d’intérêt québécois s’avère relativement faible en raison d’un certain nombre de facteurs contextuels qui ont historiquement limité son intégration au sein de leurs stratégies de recrutement et de lobbying. La seconde hypothèse affirme pour sa part que le niveau de pénétration spécifique de l’approche marketing est limité à certaines organisations et varie en fonction de certains facteurs qui peuvent s’avérer contradictoires. Les données recueillies lors d’entrevues menées auprès de douze des principaux groupes d’intérêt actifs à l’échelle du Québec tendent à confirmer les deux hypothèses.; The goal of this paper is twofold. On the one hand...

On the Political Economy of Sequential Reforms

CASTRO, Rui; COEN-PIRANI, Daniele
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 358280 bytes; application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
This paper proposes an explanation for why efficient reforms are not carried out when losers have the power to block their implementation, even though compensating them is feasible. We construct a signaling model with two-sided incomplete information in which a government faces the task of sequentially implementing two reforms by bargaining with interest groups. The organization of interest groups is endogenous. Compensations are distortionary and government types differ in the concern about distortions. We show that, when compensations are allowed to be informative about the government’s type, there is a bias against the payment of compensations and the implementation of reforms. This is because paying high compensations today provides incentives for some interest groups to organize and oppose subsequent reforms with the only purpose of receiving a transfer. By paying lower compensations, governments attempt to prevent such interest groups from organizing. However, this comes at the cost of reforms being blocked by interest groups with relatively high losses.; Cet article tente d'expliquer pourquoi les réformes efficaces ne sont pas effectuées quand les gens qui en sont lésés ont le pouvoir de les bloquer, et ce, même quand des schémas de compensation sont possibles. Nous proposons un modèle de \"signaling\" avec information incomplète bilatérale dans lequel le gouvernement a besoin d'effectuer deux réformes de façon séquentielle en négociant avec des groupes d'intérêt. La formation des groupes d'intérêt est endogène...

Campaign finance regulations and policy convergence: The role of interest groups and valence

Köppl-Turyna, M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.92%
Regulation of campaign finance of political parties and candidates is intended to decrease the political influence of special interest groups and enhance the public interest in electoral outcomes. I investigate empirically the consequences of campaign financing regulations and find that public funding leads parties' platforms to diverge whereas ceilings on individual contributions lead to platform convergence to the median voter outcome. I relate these consequences to differences in valence or intrinsic popularity of parties. I also show that platform divergence is associated with a ban on corporate donations and with requirements of public disclosure of parties' income statements.

La influencia de los gremios del sector lácteo en la negociación del Acuerdo Comercial entre Colombia y la Unión Europea

Amaya, Germán Danilo
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencia Política y Gobierno Publicador: Facultad de Ciencia Política y Gobierno
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/01/2014 SPA; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
Dado que los estudios sobre gremios, en líneas generales, han concluido que estos actores han influido poco en las decisiones de corte económico del Estado colombiano, se ha querido analizar en qué medida las agremiaciones que representan la cadena láctea influyeron en los resultados de la negociación del Acuerdo Comercial entre Colombia y la Unión Europea. Para abordar este desafío se adoptó el modelo de los lugares múltiples y cambio de recursos de Adam Sheingate, Frank Baumgartner y Brian Jones, el cual hace hincapié en las acciones de los grupos de interés en las instituciones donde se elaboran y deciden las políticas de Estado. También se adoptó el enfoque neopluralista por su énfasis en la influencia de los grupos de interés que cuentan con más recursos económicos y financieros. Por otra parte, se reconocen los factores que permitieron a los gremios del sector lácteo influir en este proceso; entre los que se encuentran: las instituciones y los agentes del Estado colombiano responsables de llevar a cabo esta negociación; las presiones de otros actores, como lo fueron la Unión Europea y otros gremios de la producción; y la división de los gremios del sector en la fase final de la negociación. Finalmente...

The europeanization of regional interest groups Catalonia, Tuscany and Wales in a comparative perspective

Santiago López, Facundo A.
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
El principal objetivo de esta tesis es analizar el proceso de Europeización de los grupos de interés regionales (GIRs), explorando de qué manera, en qué medida y debido a que razones los GIRs han transformado sus valores, su organización y sus estrategias, adaptándolas a la lógica y formas de la Unión Europea (UE). Un GIR europeizado tiene valores y objetivos que son promovidos por la UE y los comparte con organizaciones similares alrededor del continente. Tiene una organización que le da preeminencia a los asuntos relativos a la UE, y es capaz de buscar, recibir y administrar fondos de la UE con eficacia. Finalmente, posee estrategias que superan las fronteras nacionales y regionales, lo que no solo significa trabajar en organizaciones pan-Europeas sino también acercarse a instituciones y actores mas allá de las arenas regionales y nacionales para intentar influenciar el desarrollo de las políticas de la UE. El estudio de la Europeización de los GIRs presenta un interés teórico y empírico para la ciencia política, dado que se encuentra en la intersección entre los estudios sobre Europeización, grupos de interés y regiones, donde la investigación es aún incipiente (Roller & Sloat, 2002; Constantelos, 2004; McCauley...

How Kosovar citizens engage in the political process: The role of interest groups and the uses of technology

Fisher, Lyndsey
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 509938 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
This thesis focuses on how Kosovo citizens currently engage themselves in the political process. An engaged civil society is needed to assist Kosovo in its transition toward a final status decision as well as continuing development. As this is a very broad question to address, the focus is on two areas: how do citizens engage themselves through interest groups and how do these interest groups use technology to promote political engagement? Structured interviews with local citizens involved in Kosovo interest groups are the main source of information used in the analysis. Quantitative and qualitative analysis is used to explain Kosovo citizen motivation to participate, barriers to engagement, minority issues in the political processes, uses of technology, and recommendations for the future development of Kosovo civil society.

An evaluation of environmental interest groups and their effort to influence environmental policy in Delaware

Carter, David
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
McNutt, John G.; Environmental interest groups are critical to the conservation and protection of environmental resources. They play an essential role in the public policy process by bringing attention to environmental issues, building support for change, and lobbying for new laws. These organizations have been studied extensively at the national scale, but our understanding of them at the state level is incomplete. This thesis is the first comprehensive description of the environmental interest groups active in Delaware. The research provides an inventory and characterization of Delaware's environmental interest group community. Seventy-two environmental organizations comprised of local, statewide, regional, and national groups with activity in Delaware were identified and surveyed. Analysis shows this community is comprised of a diverse group of formal and informal organizations with varying missions, funding, and staffing resources. The existing core of Delaware organizations has shown considerable resiliency, with an average age of 22 years. The network of environmental interest organizations does have a substantial base of resources, including funding, staffing, and volunteers. Collectively they utilize an estimated $8-10 Million in annual operating funds...

The influence of interest groups in the European Parliament: does policy shape politics?

Rasmussen, Maja Kluger
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
For a long time, the European Parliament (EP) was viewed as a lobbying sideshow mainly to be targeted if interest groups were unsuccessful at getting their demands included in the European Commission’s proposal. Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) have a reputation for being particularly open to diffuse interests who, due to their limited resources, use ‘friendly’ MEPs to put pressure on the European Commission and the Council. The notion of the EP representing diffuse interests conflicts with the broader political science literature on interest groups, which dwells on business bias. There are, however, good reasons to doubt the EP’s reputation as a defender of diffuse interests. Much of our current knowledge about the EP’s interest group politics stems from a time when the EP’s legislative powers were more limited. Within the last twenty years, the EP has evolved from a ‘multilingual talking shop’ to a genuine co-legislator with the Council. The increased powers of the EP raise the question of whether EP interest group politics has normalised, whereby the assumptions of the interest group literature would seem to reflect the reality of the EP. A common assumption in the interest group literature is that diffuse interests carry limited weight in decision-making because their resources and interests remain subordinate to that of business. However...