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Efficacy of adding the kinesio taping method to guideline-endorsed conventional physiotherapy in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomised controlled trial

Added, Marco A N; Costa, Leonardo O P; Fukuda, Thiago Y; de Freitas, Diego G; Salomão, Evelyn C; Monteiro, Renan L; Costa, Lucíola d C M
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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35.55%
Abstract Background Chronic nonspecific low back pain is a significant health condition with high prevalence worldwide and it is associated with enormous costs to society. Clinical practice guidelines show that many interventions are available to treat patients with chronic low back pain, but the vast majority of these interventions have a modest effect in reducing pain and disability. An intervention that has been widespread in recent years is the use of elastic bandages called Kinesio Taping. Although Kinesio Taping has been used extensively in clinical practice, current evidence does not support the use of this intervention; however these conclusions are based on a small number of underpowered studies. Therefore, questions remain about the effectiveness of the Kinesio Taping method as an additional treatment to interventions, such as conventional physiotherapy, that have already been recommended by the current clinical practice guidelines in robust and high-quality randomised controlled trials. We aim to determine the effectiveness of the addition of the use of Kinesio Taping in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain who receive guideline-endorsed conventional physiotherapy. Methods/design One hundred and forty-eight patients will be randomly allocated to receive either conventional physiotherapy...

Efficacy of adding the kinesio taping method to guideline-endorsed conventional physiotherapy in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomised controlled trial

Added, Marco A N; Costa, Leonardo O P; Fukuda, Thiago Y; de Freitas, Diego G; Salomão, Evelyn C; Monteiro, Renan L; Costa, Lucíola d C M
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.55%
Abstract Background Chronic nonspecific low back pain is a significant health condition with high prevalence worldwide and it is associated with enormous costs to society. Clinical practice guidelines show that many interventions are available to treat patients with chronic low back pain, but the vast majority of these interventions have a modest effect in reducing pain and disability. An intervention that has been widespread in recent years is the use of elastic bandages called Kinesio Taping. Although Kinesio Taping has been used extensively in clinical practice, current evidence does not support the use of this intervention; however these conclusions are based on a small number of underpowered studies. Therefore, questions remain about the effectiveness of the Kinesio Taping method as an additional treatment to interventions, such as conventional physiotherapy, that have already been recommended by the current clinical practice guidelines in robust and high-quality randomised controlled trials. We aim to determine the effectiveness of the addition of the use of Kinesio Taping in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain who receive guideline-endorsed conventional physiotherapy. Methods/design One hundred and forty-eight patients will be randomly allocated to receive either conventional physiotherapy...

O Diário da minha viagem para Filadélfia: impressões de um ilustrado luso-brasileiro na América (1798-1799); The diary of my trip to Philadelphia: impressions of a Luso-Brazilian illustrated in America (1798-1799)

Buvalovas, Thais Helena dos Santos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/12/2007 PT
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Hipólito José da Costa Pereira Furtado de Mendonça é considerado o primeiro jornalista brasileiro. Ao lançar em Londres, em 1º de junho de 1808, o Correio Braziliense ou Armazém Literário, também fundou a imprensa política em língua portuguesa. Seu periódico, que circulou todos os meses de junho de 1808 a dezembro de 1822, foi objeto de vários historiadores e comentaristas. Sua inserção nos quadros da maçonaria e a conseqüente passagem pelos cárceres da Inquisição, em Lisboa, também receberam alguma atenção de nossa historiografia. Contudo, a viagem que empreendeu em sua juventude à América do Norte ainda é tema praticamente inexplorado. Tratava-se de uma missão oficial, inserida no contexto de um ambicioso projeto desenvolvido pela Coroa portuguesa nas últimas décadas do século XVIII, com o intuito de modernizar a economia colonial. Ali o jovem naturalista deveria investigar inovações e adquirir conhecimentos úteis à diversificação da agricultura no Brasil. Agente desta política de Estado, Hipólito da Costa chegou aos Estados Unidos aos 24 anos de idade, em dezembro de 1798. Lá permaneceria até fins de 1800, registrando os percalços da missão e suas impressões sobre a jovem nação norte-americana em seu Diário da minha Viagem para Filadélfia. Este trabalho é uma tentativa de interpretar as representações que ele construiu sobre os Estados Unidos em seu diário de viagem...

As desventuras de Os Zeróis: cartuns e charges de Ziraldo, entre intenção e condição (1967-1972); The misadventures of Os Zeróis: cartoons and caricatures by Ziraldo, between intention and condition

Silva, Marcos Rafael da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/12/2011 PT
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Esta dissertação analisa a série iconográfica de cartuns e charges sob o título geral de Os Zeróis, do artista gráfico Ziraldo Alves Pinto, entre os anos de 1967 e 1972. Paródia aos super-heróis das histórias em quadrinhos norte-americanas Super-Homem, Batman, Capitão América etc. , Os Zeróis oferecem uma perspectiva crítica aos ideais e aos valores transmitidos por essas personagens. Nesse sentido, situam-se essas personagens, num primeiro momento, por princípio e por método no contexto político-histórico em que foram concebidas Guerra Fria, no contexto internacional, e Ditadura civil-militar, em nível nacional. Com isso, pretende-se perceber as estratégias que Ziraldo utilizou para, num cenário adverso, dada a censura do regime militar, manter-se atuante. Em um momento seguinte, parte-se à análise da trajetória profissional de Ziraldo, sobretudo àquela relacionada com a produção de histórias em quadrinhos nacionais, que teve na revista Pererê (1960-1964) seu ponto alto.; This dissertation analyses the iconographic series of cartoons and caricatures under the general title of Os Zéróis by the graphic artist Ziraldo Alves Pinto, between the years 1967 and 1972. As a parody of superheroes from North American comics such as Superman...

Hypericum perforatum versus fluoxetine in the treatment of mild to moderate depression: a randomized double-blind trial in a Brazilian sample

Moreno,Ricardo Alberto; Teng,Chei Tung; Almeida,Karla Mathias de; Tavares Junior,Hildeberto
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2006 EN
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OBJETIVE: Hypericum perforatum has demonstrated antidepressant efficacy when compared to placebo, but comparisons with other antidepressants remain controversial. We assessed the efficacy and safety of Hypericum perforatum in comparison with fluoxetine, in a 8-week double-blind trial in patients with mild to moderate depression. METHOD: Seventy-two outpatients were randomly assigned to receive Hypericum perforatum 900 mg/day, fluoxetine 20 mg/day or placebo. Efficacy measures included the HAM-D21 scale, the Montgomery-Åsberg Rating Scale, and the Clinical Global Impression. Safety was assessed with the UKU Side Effect Rating Scale. RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analysis showed no differences between the mean scores of the three groups. In the analyses of observed cases, patients receiving Hypericum perforatum had the lowest remission rates (12%, p = 0.016) compared to fluoxetine (34.6%) and placebo (45%). CONCLUSIONS: Hypericum perforatum was less efficacious than both fluoxetine and placebo. Both drugs were safe and well-tolerated. Larger trials are needed for definite conclusions.

Stage 4 neuroblastoma: sequential hemi-body irradiation or high-dose chemotherapy plus autologous haemopoietic stem cell transplantation to consolidate primary treatment

Luksch, R; Podda, M; Gandola, L; Polastri, D; Piva, L; Castellani, R; Collini, P; Massimino, M; Cefalo, G; Terenziani, M; Ferrari, A; Casanova, M; Spreafico, F; Meazza, C; Bozzi, F; Marchianò, A; Ravagnani, F; Fossati-Bellani, F
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two consecutive nonrandomised treatment programs applied between 1989 and 1999 at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan in an unselected cohort of 59 children over the age of one with stage 4 neuroblastoma. Both treatment programs consisted of two phases, the induction of the remission phase and the consolidation phase. The induction of the remission phase consisted of intensive chemotherapy, and remained the same throughout the study period. The consolidation phase consisted of sequential hemi-body irradiation (HBI) (10 Gy per session, 6 weeks apart) in the first period (1988–June 1994) and sequential high-dose cyclophosphamide, etoposide, mitoxantrone+L-PAM and autologous haemopoietic stem cell transplantation in the second (July 1994–1999). Intention-to-treat analysis revealed a significantly better outcome for patients treated with the second program, the 5-year event-free survival probability being 0.12 for program 1 and 0.31 for program 2 (P=0.03). This finding led us to conclude that sequential HBI is useless as consolidation treatment. The high-dose chemotherapy adopted in the second program enabled a proportion of patients to obtain long-term survival but...

Reaching the Hard-to-Reach: A Probability Sampling Method for Assessing Prevalence of Driving under the Influence after Drinking in Alcohol Outlets

De Boni, Raquel; do Nascimento Silva, Pedro Luis; Bastos, Francisco Inácio; Pechansky, Flavio; de Vasconcellos, Mauricio Teixeira Leite
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/04/2012 EN
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Drinking alcoholic beverages in places such as bars and clubs may be associated with harmful consequences such as violence and impaired driving. However, methods for obtaining probabilistic samples of drivers who drink at these places remain a challenge – since there is no a priori information on this mobile population – and must be continually improved. This paper describes the procedures adopted in the selection of a population-based sample of drivers who drank at alcohol selling outlets in Porto Alegre, Brazil, which we used to estimate the prevalence of intention to drive under the influence of alcohol. The sampling strategy comprises a stratified three-stage cluster sampling: 1) census enumeration areas (CEA) were stratified by alcohol outlets (AO) density and sampled with probability proportional to the number of AOs in each CEA; 2) combinations of outlets and shifts (COS) were stratified by prevalence of alcohol-related traffic crashes and sampled with probability proportional to their squared duration in hours; and, 3) drivers who drank at the selected COS were stratified by their intention to drive and sampled using inverse sampling. Sample weights were calibrated using a post-stratification estimator. 3,118 individuals were approached and 683 drivers interviewed...

Determinants of hospital nurse intention to remain employed: broadening our understanding

Tourangeau, Ann E; Cummings, Greta; Cranley, Lisa A; Ferron, Era Mae; Harvey, Sarah
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2010 EN
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35.55%

Endoscopic approach to achalasia

Müller, Michaela; Eckardt, Alexander J; Wehrmann, Till
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Achalasia is a primary esophageal motor disorder. The etiology is still unknown and therefore all treatment options are strictly palliative with the intention to weaken the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Current established endoscopic therapeutic options include pneumatic dilation (PD) or botulinum toxin injection. Both treatment approaches have an excellent symptomatic short term effect, and lead to a reduction of LES pressure. However, the long term success of botulinum toxin (BT) injection is poor with symptom recurrence in more than 50% of the patients after 12 mo and in nearly 100% of the patients after 24 mo, which commonly requires repeat injections. In contrast, after a single PD 40%-60% of the patients remain asymptomatic for ≥ 10 years. Repeated on demand PD might become necessary and long term remission can be achieved with this approach in up to 90% of these patients. The main positive predictors for a symptomatic response to PD are an age > 40 years, a LES-pressure reduction to < 15 mmHg and/or an improved radiological esophageal clearance post-PD. However PD has a significant risk for esophageal perforation, which occurs in about 2%-3% of cases. In randomized, controlled studies BT injection was inferior to PD and surgical cardiomyotomy...

Supporting South Asian Taxi Drivers to Exercise through Pedometers (SSTEP) to Decrease Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Gany, Francesca; Gill, Pavan; Baser, Raymond; Leng, Jennifer
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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There is considerable evidence demonstrating the positive impact of pedometers and walking programs for increasing physical activity and reducing risk for cardiovascular disease among diverse populations. However, no interventions have been targeted towards South Asian taxi drivers, a population that may be at high risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Supporting South Asian Taxi Drivers to Exercise through Pedometers (SSTEP) was a 12-week pilot study among South Asian taxi drivers to increase their daily step counts. SSTEP assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and potential impact of an exercise intervention employing pedometers, a step diary, written materials, and telephone follow-up to initiate or increase physical activity in this at-risk occupational group. Seventy-four drivers were recruited to participate at sites frequented by South Asian taxi drivers. Participant inclusion criteria were: (1) age 18 or over; (2) birthplace in India, Pakistan, or Bangladesh; (3) fluent in English, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, or Bengali; and (4) intention to remain in New York City for the 3-month study period. Comprehensive intake and exit questionnaires were administered to participants in their preferred languages. Intake and exit health screenings...

Factors Associated with Intention to Receive Influenza and Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Acellular Pertussis (Tdap) Vaccines during Pregnancy: A Focus on Vaccine Hesitancy and Perceptions of Disease Severity and Vaccine Safety

Chamberlain, Allison T.; Seib, Katherine; Ault, Kevin A.; Orenstein, Walter A.; Frew, Paula M.; Malik, Fauzia; Cortés, Marielysse; Cota, Pat; Whitney, Ellen A. S.; Flowers, Lisa C.; Berkelman, Ruth L.; Omer, Saad B.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.82%
BACKGROUND: Improving influenza and tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine coverage among pregnant women is needed. PURPOSE: To assess factors associated with intention to receive influenza and/or Tdap vaccinations during pregnancy with a focus on perceptions of influenza and pertussis disease severity and influenza vaccine safety. METHODS: Participants were 325 pregnant women in Georgia recruited from December 2012 – April 2013 who had not yet received a 2012/2013 influenza vaccine or a Tdap vaccine while pregnant. Women completed a survey assessing influenza vaccination history, likelihood of receiving antenatal influenza and/or Tdap vaccines, and knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about influenza, pertussis, and their associated vaccines. RESULTS: Seventy-three percent and 81% of women believed influenza and pertussis, respectively, would be serious during pregnancy while 87% and 92% believed influenza and pertussis, respectively, would be serious to their infants. Perception of pertussis severity for their infant was strongly associated with an intention to receive a Tdap vaccine before delivery (p=0.004). Despite perceptions of disease severity for themselves and their infants, only 34% and 44% intended to receive antenatal influenza and Tdap vaccines...

Modulating Conscious Movement Intention by Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and the Underlying Neural Mechanisms

Douglas, Zachary H.; Maniscalco, Brian; Hallett, Mark; Wassermann, Eric M.; He, Biyu J.
Fonte: Society for Neuroscience Publicador: Society for Neuroscience
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/05/2015 EN
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Conscious intention is a fundamental aspect of the human experience. Despite long-standing interest in the basis and implications of intention, its underlying neurobiological mechanisms remain poorly understood. Using high-definition transcranial DC stimulation (tDCS), we observed that enhancing spontaneous neuronal excitability in both the angular gyrus and the primary motor cortex caused the reported time of conscious movement intention to be ∼60–70 ms earlier. Slow brain waves recorded ∼2–3 s before movement onset, as well as hundreds of milliseconds after movement onset, independently correlated with the modulation of conscious intention by brain stimulation. These brain activities together accounted for 81% of interindividual variability in the modulation of movement intention by brain stimulation. A computational model using coupled leaky integrator units with biophysically plausible assumptions about the effect of tDCS captured the effects of stimulation on both neural activity and behavior. These results reveal a temporally extended brain process underlying conscious movement intention that spans seconds around movement commencement.

FOREIGN STUDENTS IN CANADA: THE IMMIGRATION EXPERIENCE FROM START TO FINISH

Anderson Steele, Susan
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
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35.55%
The purpose of this project is to reveal the practical issues that arose for foreign students in Canada as they attempted to maintain their immigration documents in compliance with prescribed procedures, and to fully access the opportunities afforded by the regulations. The project covers the period ending in 2007 and is based on my observations as an international student advisor who has worked in the profession for many years. First, I review Canadian federal government news releases, and educational and business lobby statements regarding the value of foreign students to Canada. Second, I describe the Canadian federal government regulations that defined the processes that applicants were required to use to gain entrance to Canada and in order to maintain their documents throughout their period of study. Third, I describe the practical considerations students undertook in order to comply with the regulations concerning study and in opting to take advantage of newly-emerging work permit opportunities. I have included tables naming what actions the students needed to take with regard to their immigration documents and when these actions best needed to take place. I conclude that it is the intention of the federal government of Canada to encourage foreign students to come to Canada for study and to remain...

An electrophysiological examination of intentional and inadvertent sleep onset : the effect of intention on the sleep onset process

Murphy, Tim.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.82%
The main purpose ofthis study was to examine the effect ofintention on the sleep onset process from an electrophysiological point ofview. To test this, two nap conditions, the Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) and the Repeated Test of Sustained Wakefulness (RTSW) were used to compare intentional and inadvertent sleep onset. Sixteen female participants (aged 19-25) spent two non-consecutive nights in the sleep lab; however, due to physical and technical difficulties only 8 participants produced compete sets of data for analysis. Each night participants were given six nap opportunities. For three ofthese naps they were instructed to fall asleep (MSLT), for the remaining three naps they were to attempt to remain awake (RTSW). These two types of nap opportunities represented the conditions ofintentional (MSLT) and inadvertent (RTSW) sleep onset. Several other sleepiness, performance, arousal and questionnaire measures were obtained to evaluate and/or control for demand characteristics, subjective effort and mental activity during the nap tests. The nap opportunities were scored using a new 9 stage scoring system developed by Hori et al. (1994). Power spectral analyses (FFT) were also performed on the sleep onset data provided by the two nap conditions. Longer sleep onset latencies (approximately 1.25 minutes) were obseIVed in the RTSW than the MSLT. A higher incidence of structured mental activity was reported in the RTSW and may have been reflected in higher Beta power during the RTSW. The decent into sleep was more ragged in the RTSW as evidenced by an increased number shifts towards higher arousal as measured using the Hori 9 stage sleep scoring method. 1ll The sleep onset process also appears to be altered by the intention to remain awake...

Predicción de la intención de seguir siendo físicamente activos en estudiantes universitarios; Predicting intention to remain physically active in university students; Prevendo intenção de permanecer %sicamente ativo em estudantes universitários

Fernández Ozcorta, Eduardo J.; Almagro, Bartolomé J.; Sáenz-López, Pedro
Fonte: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia Publicador: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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El objetivo del presente trabajo fue el de integrar la teoría de metas de logro 2x2 con la teoría de la autodeterminación en el marco del ejercicio para conocer la intención de seguir siendo físicamente activo. Se teorizó que el efecto de la aproximación a la maestría sobre la satisfacción de las necesidades psicológicas básicas y el índice de autodeterminación ayudaría a explicar la intención de seguir siendo físicamente activo. La muestra del estudio estuvo compuesta por un total de 422 estudiantes universitarios físicamente activos. De los cuales eran 182 mujeres y 240 hombres, de edades comprendidas entre los 17 y los 51 años (M = 21.47, DT = 4.07). Los resultados del modelo de ecuaciones estructurales muestra que la meta de aproximación a la maestría predice de forma mediada la motivación autodeterminada. Con dichos resultados podemos apoyar %rmemente que la teoría de metas 2x2 es útil para la comprensión de los patrones de ejercicio. Estos resultados son discutidos en el marco de la teoría de la autodeterminación y de las metas de logro.; ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to integrate the achievement goal theory of approach and avoidance with the self-determination theory in exercise to assess the intent to remain physically active. It was theorized that the eGect of mastery-approach on the satisfaction of basic psychological needs and the self-determination index would help to explain the intention to remain physically active. ?e study´s sample consisted of 422 physically active college students...

Factors for perioperative nurse retention: an inquiry into the lived experience of perioperative nurses.

Mewett, Sharon Ann
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.67%
Background: Current literature concludes that a global nursing shortage has a profound impact on the workplace, consumers of healthcare, on recruitment, professional development, job satisfaction and retention. In Australia, as in worldwide, the specialty of perioperative nursing has been identified as one of the key areas suffering these issues. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate nurse recruitment, retention and job satisfaction within the specialty of perioperative nursing. Method: A total of 8 registered nurses (RN’s) currently practicing in the perioperative field, located at an outer metropolitan healthcare facility, participated in the study. The design that was used for the study was an interpretive hermeneutic phenomenological method that was informed by van Manen (1990). Instruments with auditable reliability and validity were used for data collection. The sample’s characteristics reported in this thesis, were similar to the demographic characteristics described in recent Australian Institute of Health and Welfare reports and were of sufficient scale and scope to provide a reliable and thorough picture of the phenomena of recruitment, job satisfaction and retention among perioperative nurses. Results: Through taped interviews and subsequent analysis to detect patterns and themes...

Assessment of ministerial discretion granted by s417 Migration Act 1958 and it's current usage, in relation to Australia's international obligations of refugees.

Child, Kobie
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Refugees and asylum seekers arrive in Australia seeking protection from the countries they have left. There is a distinction between these two types of arrivals, for example, refugees are defined by the Convention Regarding Refugees 1951, Article 1 A (2), adopted by Australia. Asylum seekers in contrast, seek refuge for other humanitarian or compassionate reasons. The Australian system does not identify the two categories as separate. Instead, all applications are assessed by DIMIA officials, against the Convention, which asylum seekers often do not meet. If found to meet the definition, they are granted temporary protection however, if not they have access to appeal or are returned to their country of origin. Under treaties, such as the JCCPR, CROC, and CAT, asylum seekers who have an unforeseen reason to remain in Australia, are entitled to protection of the State. Other countries such as Canada, the UK and New Zealand allow for asylum seekers to use a separate and direct process. Australia should follow these examples. Previously the Act did separate the two types of applicants under s6A (1) (e), allowing applicants to apply for Permanent Residence. However, the 1989 reforms revoked this section and did not replace it. Therefore...

Integrating behavior and intention regarding mammography by respondents in the 1990 National Health Interview Survey of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.

Rakowski, W; Rimer, B K; Bryant, S A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1993 EN
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35.77%
Achieving and maintaining high rates of screening mammography are major public health priorities. This report examines data from the 1990 National Health Interview Survey of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention on the utilization of mammography among women ages 40-75. Results show that progress is being made in some areas--57.7 percent of women "ever had" a mammogram; 50.3 percent, in previous 2 years. However, those not having repeated regular screening appear to be a sizable proportion. Only 28.6 percent of women ages 40-75 had been both screened on the recommended age-specific schedule and expressed an intention to continue screening; another 29.2 percent indicated no intention to have a mammogram in the near future. Income, clinical breast examination, and Pap (Papanicolaou's) test, having no regular source of care, region of the country and residential variables, smoking status, not exercising, not knowing how to do breast self-examination, and race were among the variables having the strongest associations with mammography status. Several groups in the population therefore remain at risk of not receiving regular screening. The combination of mammography status to date and future intention to have the examination provides an important perspective on efforts to reach public health screening objectives and appears to provide a strategy for targeting interventions.

O impacte de variáveis organizacionais na fidelização : Papel moderador da personalidade

Diogo, Joana Leitão
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 POR
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65.97%
Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário; O presente estudo tem como objectivo investigar a relação entre a fidelização e a percepção de práticas organizacionais, como a remuneração recebida (se os indivíduos se sentem satisfeitos com a mesma e se têm uma percepção positiva desta) e a participação na organização (em que medida os indivíduos sentem que são reconhecidos e que a sua participação é valorizada). Este trabalho procura também perceber o impacte da personalidade através do modelo Big-Five, propondo as dimensões conscienciosidade e neuroticismo como variáveis moderadoras na relação entre a fidelização e a percepção das variáveis organizacionais a serem estudadas. Ainda, foi estudado, de forma exploratória, o papel moderador das restantes dimensões do modelo Big-Five (extroversão, abertura à experiência e amabilidade). A amostra deste estudo é constituída por 176 participantes, trabalhadores portugueses e com idades entre os 21 e os 63 anos. Para medir a fidelização, percepção da remuneração e percepção da participação, foi construída uma escala para cada uma das variáveis mencionadas a partir de itens de diferentes escalas de diversos autores. Para medir a personalidade utilizou-se a escala Big Five Inventory...

Is engagement different from satisfaction and organizational commitment?: relations with intention to remain, psychological well-being and perceived physical health in volunteers

Vecina,María L.; Chacón,Fernando
Fonte: Anales de Psicología Publicador: Anales de Psicología
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2013 ENG
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In a sample of volunteers, who work, but not for money, and whose managers expect them to remain with the organization over the long term and to feel well by doing good, this study examines the distinctiveness between three concepts, usually related in the work field: Engagement, organizational commitment, and satisfaction. Based on the existing literature, they are related among them and regarding three relevant outcomes for management: Intention to remain, psychological well-being, and perceived physical health. Three structural equations models make it clear that volunteer engagement does contribute to the explanation of organizational commitment, volunteer satisfaction, and psychological well-being. At the same time, it does not seem to account for levels of intention to remain neither perceived physical health. On the contrary, organizational commitment is the only predictor of intention to remain, and volunteer satisfaction is the only predictor of perceived physical health. This last result was not expected, according to the literature on work, but reinforces the distinctiveness between the concepts and may have a plausible explanation in the volunteering field.