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A qualidade de vida de adultos com deficiência mental leve, na percepção destas pessoas e na de seus cuidadores.; Quality of life of adults with mild intellectual disability, on these people perception and on caregivers perception.

Zeoti, Fernanda Saviani
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/10/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.84%
A qualidade de vida de pessoas com deficiência mental vem sendo investigada, nos últimos anos, sob a perspectiva de seus cuidadores que, na maioria das vezes, são os próprios pais. Em pesquisas e, mesmo socialmente, não é prática comum dar voz a pessoas com deficiência. Sabe-se que elas são capazes de pensar sobre seus sentimentos e de expressá-los; são capazes de trabalhar e, independentes, morar em sua própria casa, constituindo uma família. Assim, este estudo teve por objetivos: conhecer a opinião de adultos com deficiência mental leve em relação a sua qualidade de vida e a opinião dos cuidadores a esse mesmo respeito; avaliar a sobrecarga gerada na vida destes cuidadores, pelo cuidar das pessoas com deficiência. Participaram desta pesquisa 15 adultos (20 anos ou mais) com deficiência mental leve, e seus respectivos cuidadores. As pessoas com deficiência responderam a um instrumento que avalia a qualidade de vida (WHOQOL-Bref) e a uma entrevista estruturada. Os cuidadores responderam, além destes dois instrumentos, a uma escala que avalia a sobrecarga ao cuidar, a Burden Interview. Os dados provenientes das escalas de qualidade de vida e de sobrecarga foram analisados estatisticamente, conforme indicação da literatura...

Atendimento educacional especializado complementar e a deficiência intelectual: considerações sobre a efetivação do direito à educação; Specialized complementary educational service and intellectual disability: considerations on implementing the right to education.

Dias, Marília Costa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/04/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.72%
O atendimento educacional especializado complementar para alunos com deficiência intelectual é uma das formas de se exercer o direito à diferença de modo a garantir a igualdade de oportunidades no processo de escolarização. E, para que a inclusão escolar desses alunos resulte em exercício do direito à educação, é necessário que a experiência escolar seja repensada do ponto de vista da gestão e dos resultados que dela se espera, tanto na esfera dos sistemas de ensino, como da gestão escolar e da sala de aula. Também é preciso que o professor especializado no campo da deficiência intelectual compreenda o funcionamento cognitivo para saber como fazer mediações pedagógicas que resultem em condições mais favoráveis à aprendizagem desses alunos. O presente estudo objetivou a construção de referenciais para a consolidação do atendimento educacional especializado complementar da APAE de São Paulo, como serviço de apoio aos sistemas de ensino na inclusão escolar do aluno com deficiência intelectual. Teve a pesquisaação como abordagem metodológica, o que implicou na constituição de um grupo de trabalho, formado pela pesquisadora e oito profissionais da APAE de São Paulo, para debater a prática do atendimento educacional especializado complementar para alunos com deficiência intelectual...

A concretização do direito ao trabalho e as pessoas com deficiência intelectual: uma análise a partir da situação da cidade de Osasco/SP; The concretization of the right to labor and the people with Intellectual disability: an analysis focused on the city of Osasco/SP

Gonçalves, Edivaldo Félix
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/09/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.72%
O objetivo desta pesquisa é demonstrar que o direito ao trabalho, enquanto um direito social, em conformidade com a Constituição Federal de 1988, não é uma realidade para todos os cidadãos brasileiros, principalmente para as pessoas com deficiência, sendo, por isso, uma barreira para o pleno desenvolvimento dos Direitos Humanos. No mercado capitalista a inserção no mundo do trabalho depende das habilidades individuais de cada trabalhador. O nível de escolaridade é uma exigência para participação do processo seletivo, premissa da teoria do capital humano. Dessa maneira, a escola, a principal mediadora entre a família e o mundo trabalho, incorpora para si o papel de instituição social responsável pela formação e preparação de todas as pessoas, inclusive as que possuem alguma deficiência. Entretanto, as pessoas com deficiência intelectual, em especial, estão em processo de exclusão, principalmente da vida profissional, mesmo representando uma grande parcela dentre as pessoas com algum tipo de deficiência, conforme dados dos censos. A educação especial, mesmo após o lançamento pelo MEC da Política Nacional de Educação Especial na Perspectiva da Educação Inclusiva, em 2008, e com as alterações decorrentes do cenário escolar...

Parents with Intellectual Disability in a Population Context

Llewellyn, Gwynnyth; Hindmarsh, Gabrielle
Fonte: Springer International Publishing Publicador: Springer International Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.76%
Parenting by people with intellectual disability continues to confront societal sensibilities. On the one hand, parents with intellectual disability engage in the valued social role of raising children; on the other, their parenting attracts (typically negative) attention based on an expectation of their limited capacities to parent. The literature primarily addresses the question of whether or not parents with intellectual disability can be adequate parents or reports on methods for improving their parenting skills. An emerging trend in the literature over the last decade takes a different perspective. Rather than concentrating exclusively on parents with intellectual disability, this perspective focuses on their parenting situation compared to that of other parents more generally. This paper reviews the current state of knowledge about parents and parenting with intellectual disability in this broader population context. The focus of the paper is on the use of larger scale datasets to understand the situation of parents with intellectual disability compared with other parents and to examine the contextual variables that influence their parenting.

The provision of community nursing support for persons with an intellectual disability and palliative care needs: a descriptive survey

Bailey, Maria E.; Doody, Owen; Lyons, Rosemary; Walsh, Jackie; Cooney, Mary
Fonte: University of Limerick; Irish Hospice Foundation Publicador: University of Limerick; Irish Hospice Foundation
Tipo: Report; all_ul_research; none; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.72%
non-peer-reviewed; Forward On behalf of the research team, I am pleased to introduce this report which presents the findings of a regional evaluation entitled: The provision of community nursing support for persons with an intellectual disability and palliative care needs. The broadening of the World Health Organisation (2002) position on palliative care, developed to include the provision of palliative care for all persons with a life threatening illness regardless of diagnosis, has resulted in increased numbers of patients and families accessing palliative/end of life care services. It is known that people with an intellectual disability have a disproportionate health burden when compared with the general population and accessing health service can be difficult. In today’s society people with an intellectual disability have largely moved away from a long term residential model of care, and are accessing wider health services. They are entitled to receive equitable care and support from a workforce that recognises all as equal citizens. However, internationally it is acknowledged that there is an inequity of experience for people with an intellectual disability within mainstream health services, and this is not satisfactory. This report provides a snapshot of community nursing practice in an Irish setting of palliative/end of life care for people with an intellectual disability in a health region. The report is a welcome addition to the existing international literature which includes a small number of Irish studies. I would like to take this opportunity to sincerely thank the respondents for giving of their time to complete the questionnaire and the Irish Hospice Foundation and the University of Limerick for their continued interest and support.

Health promotion for people with intellectual disability and obesity

Doody, Catriona M.; Doody, Owen
Fonte: Mark Allen Healthcare Publicador: Mark Allen Healthcare
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.74%
peer-reviewed; Obesity is a significant health problem for people with intellectual disability, as they report a 59% higher rate of obesity as compared with those in the general population (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006). Causes are multifactorial and obesity leads to a higher risk of developing chronic conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease. While the risks of these conditions generally increase with age, people with an intellectual disability are at risk of developing them earlier owing to their higher levels of obesity. Client groups with mild intellectual disability residing in a group home or family home are at a higher risk of obesity than those in institutional care, mainly owing to increased independence and available choices. Healthcare services have predominantly focused on the primary disability rather than on prevention or reduction of secondary health conditions. As health promotion enables people to gain control over their lives, it is essential to address the health concern of obesity for people with intellectual disability. This article highlights the issues in health care faced by people with an intellectual disability and aspects that health professionals need to consider when engaging in health promotion for those who are obese.

Future need of ageing people with an intellectual disability in the Republic of Ireland: lessons learned from the literature

Doody, Catriona M.; Markey, Kathleen; Doody, Owen
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.68%
peer-reviewed; People with an intellectual disability are living longer, and the numbers continue to rise. Ireland has and is seeing a dramatic change in the age profile of clients and the support services they require. While Ireland had specifically trained nurses in intellectual disability, they predominately work in residential settings. This can be seen as been at odds with the philosophy of supporting people with intellectual disability live at home with their family and the primary care system. As the ageing population is rising, intellectual disability services need to proactively develop and respond to this changing age profile by reviewing and adjusting the way in which they deliver services, not only in terms of how services develop and respond to a changing age profile but also in terms of collaborative working across all health services.

Intellectual disability nursing in Ireland: identifying its development and future.

Doody, Owen; Slevin, Eamonn; Taggart, Laurence
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.72%
peer-reviewed; As a profession, intellectual disability nursing has often come under scrutiny and been called into question. Since its inception as an individual nursing profession in 1959 in Ireland, both education and service provision philosophies have changed over time. These changes have been in response to national and international reports and changing attitudes. The changes have led to the current position where intellectual disability nurse education in Ireland is a four-year undergraduate course. As the discipline of intellectual disability nursing is unique to Ireland and the United Kingdom, there is a responsibility on intellectual disability nurses to identify their unique identity and their responses to the demands of changing services. This article traces the development of intellectual disability nursing in Ireland and identifies implications for the future.

Health of ageing people with intellectual disability and the role of the nurse in Ireland

Doody, Catriona M.; Markey, Kathleen; Doody, Owen
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd., Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd.,
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.76%
peer-reviewed; The number of people with intellectual disability living into old age continues to increase. As one ages, generally, functional ability decreases and health issues increase, with recognising and responding to the health needs of the person with intellectual disability of great importance and the responsibility of the intellectual disability nurse. The nurse must review and adjust the way they deliver care to ageing people with intellectual disability, not only in terms of responding to their health needs but also through collaborative working within teams and other services. As Ireland has specifically trained nurses in intellectual disability, it has a prime opportunity to address the health needs and concerns of people with intdisability and actively advocate for how services develop and responds to the changing health needs of ageing people with intellectual disability.

Disruption at the PTCHD1 locus on Xp22.11 in Autism Spectrum Disorder and intellectual disability

Gecz, J.
Fonte: American Association for the Advancement of Science Publicador: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.7%
Autism is a common neurodevelopmental disorder with a complex mode of inheritance. It is one of the most highly heritable of the complex disorders, although the underlying genetic factors remain largely unknown. Here, we report mutations in the X-chromosome PTCHD1 (patched-related) gene in seven families with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and in three families with intellectual disability. A 167-kilobase microdeletion spanning exon 1 was found in two brothers, one with ASD and the other with a learning disability and ASD features; a 90-kilobase microdeletion spanning the entire gene was found in three males with intellectual disability in a second family. In 900 probands with ASD and 208 male probands with intellectual disability, we identified seven different missense changes (in eight male probands) that were inherited from unaffected mothers and not found in controls. Two of the ASD individuals with missense changes also carried a de novo deletion at another ASD susceptibility locus (DPYD and DPP6), suggesting complex genetic contributions. In additional males with ASD, we identified deletions in the 5′ flanking region of PTCHD1 that disrupted a complex noncoding RNA and potential regulatory elements; equivalent changes were not found in male control individuals. Thus...

An investigation of self-concept, test anxiety and support services among students with vision impairment and students with intellectual disability in South Australia.

Datta, Poulomee
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.84%
There is an absence of research in Australia on self-concept and test anxiety in students with disabilities although testing is taken for granted among students without disabilities. This study investigated the self-concept and test anxiety of the students in each of two disability groups, those with vision impairment and those with intellectual disability who were placed in specialist and mainstream educational settings in South Australia. The qualitative study aimed to gain insights into what students with vision impairment and those with intellectual disability felt about themselves and their achievements across the different dimensions of self-concept and to understand the nature and extent of their anxiety in test situations. In addition, it sought to examine how far the support services provided in schools proved helpful to students with vision impairment and those with intellectual disability. This research was divided into two stages of execution. In Stage 1, the ‘Tennessee Self- Concept Scale: Second Edition’ and the ‘Test Anxiety Inventory’ were administered to 25 students with vision impairment and 20 students with intellectual disability. In Stage 2, interviews were conducted with 14 students with vision impairment and nine students with intellectual disability...

Loss and grief within intellectual disability

Doody, Owen
Fonte: Frontline: The Irish Voice of Intellectual Disability Publicador: Frontline: The Irish Voice of Intellectual Disability
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.77%
non-peer-reviewed; One of the most significant trends seen in recent years has been the increasing longevity of people with intellectual disability (Doody et al., 2013). Advances in medical and neonatal care along with deinstitutionalisation have increased life expectancy for most individuals with intellectual disability. In today’s society individuals with intellectual disability live with family members, in special assisted living facilities, community group-homes or on their own. Just like anyone else people with intellectual disability have created and developed attachments to various persons be it family members, fellow residents, staff members, co-workers, members of their communities, and other friends. With such attachments comes the experience of loss, where staff members leave, other residents relocate or die and the death of a parent, caregiver or family member may occur. Thereby loss and grief are a natural part life however; individuals with intellectual disability may experience significant secondary losses such as the loss of a parent or caregiver may necessitate a change in residence leading to a cascade of losses that may include friends, neighbors and employment. In addition some higher functioning individuals may experience a sense of grief and loss over their disability where they experience a persistent sense of loss over the fact that they are perceived as different from others.

The experiences of registered intellectual disability nurses caring for the older person with intellectual disability

Doody, Catriona M.; Markey, Kathleen; Doody, Owen
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.82%
peer-reviewed; Aim and objectives. To explore the experiences of registered intellectual disability nurses caring for the older person with intellectual disability. Background. Increased longevity for the older person with intellectual disability is relatively a new phenomenon with social and medical factors having significantly increased the lifespan. The ageing population of people with intellectual disability is growing in Ireland, and they are outliving or expected to outlive their family carers. Design. A qualitative Heideggerigan phenomenological approach allowed the researcher become immersed in the essence of meaning and analyse how registered intellectual disability nurses working with the older person perceive, experience and express their experience of caring. Methods. After ethical approval was granted, data were collected through semi-structured interviews from seven participants and were transcribed and analysed thematically using Burnard’s framework for data analysis. Results. Three key themes were identified: ‘care delivery’, ‘inclusiveness’ and ‘clientfocused care’. The study highlights the need for effective planning, an integrated approach to services and that the registered intellectual disability nurse needs to be integrated into the care delivery system within the health service to support client and family carers in the home environment. Conclusions. Overall...

Using Population Health Surveys to Measure the Use of Services and the Prevalence of Psychiatric and/or Behavioural Conditions in Individuals with an Intellectual Disability

Bielska, Iwona
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 1117725 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.67%
Background: Compared to the general population, individuals with intellectual disabilities have a higher prevalence of health problems, including psychiatric and/or behavioural conditions (dual diagnosis). Research suggests that the proportion of persons with intellectual disabilities who have a dual diagnosis ranges from 14% to 64% depending on the population studied and the diagnostic criteria used. However, there is little population-based information in Canada about people with such a dual diagnosis. Objectives: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric or behavioural conditions among adults with an intellectual disability in Canada, and to estimate the use of mental health services among these individuals. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of two cross-sectional, population-based surveys (2005 Canadian Community Health Survey: CCHS and 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey: PALS), and the 2008/09 Survey of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities in South Eastern Ontario: SAID-SEO. Relevant variables were identified in the surveys to answer the study objectives. Confidence intervals were provided for all estimates and the results were compared within subgroups for each survey...

Families’ views on their relatives with intellectual disability moving from a long-stay psychiatric institution to a community-based intellectual disability service: an Irish context.

Doody, Owen
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.68%
peer-reviewed; The pattern of residential services for people with intellectual disability in Ireland has seen many positive developments in recent years, with more places made available in residential homes within both community- and campus-based accommodation. This paper reports on the findings of a study which explored families’ views regarding the movement of people with intellectual disability from a long-stay psychiatric institution to campus-based accommodation within a local intellectual disability service. A Husserlian phenomenology was chosen, ethical approval was granted, eleven participants were interviewed and data transcribed. Through Colaizzi’s (1978) procedural framework for data analysis two key themes were identified. The positive transition resulting from the move and the enlightened thinking that has developed as a consequence of the move. Overall, the study indicates the importance of; care and care delivery from the family’s perspective, the interaction of staff with families and families knowing the staff.

Sexuality in subjects with intellectual disability: an educational intervention proposal for parents and counselors in developing countries

Katz,Gregorio; Lazcano-Ponce,Eduardo
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.8%
In developing countries, the study of intellectual disability has enormous knowledge gaps, especially in the areas of intervention, utilization of services and legislation. This article provides information not only for aiding in the potential development of sexuality in individuals with intellectual disability, but also for fostering their social integration. In Mexico and the region, in order to develop educational interventions for promoting sexual health, it is necessary to consider the following priorities: a) mental health professionals should have the knowledge or receive training for carrying out a sexual education and counseling program; b) educational interventions for subjects with intellectual disability should be adapted for the different stages of life (childhood, adolescence and adulthood); c) during childhood, educational intervention should emphasize the concept of public and private conducts; d) in adolescence, intervention should consider the actual mental age and not the chronological age of the subjects receiving intervention; e) the expression of sexuality in the adult with intellectual disability depends on the early incorporation of factors for promoting social inclusion; f) for educational interventions to be successful...

Intellectual disability: definition, etiological factors, classification, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis

Katz,Gregorio; Lazcano-Ponce,Eduardo
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.66%
Etiology and classification: Causal factors related with cognitive disability are multiples and can be classified as follows: Genetic, acquired (congenital and developmental), environmental and sociocultural. Likewise, in relation to the classification, cognitive disability has as a common denominator a subnormal intellectual functioning level; nevertheless, the extent to which an individual is unable to face the demands established by society for the individual’s age group has brought about four degrees of severity: Mild, moderate, severe and profound. Diagnostic: The clinical history must put an emphasis on healthcare during the prenatal, perinatal and postnatal period and include the results of all previous studies, including a genealogical tree for at least three generations and an intentional search for family antecedents of mental delay, psychiatric illnesses and congenital abnormalities. The physical exam should focus on secondary abnormalities and congenital malformations, somatometric measurements and neurological and behavioral phenotype evaluations. If it is not feasible to establish a clinical diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct high-resolution cytogenetic studies in addition to metabolic clinical evaluations. In the next step...

Intellectual developmental disorders: towards a new name, definition and framework for “mental retardation/intellectual disability” in ICD-11

Santos,Maria do Carmo
Fonte: Centro Hospitalar do Porto Publicador: Centro Hospitalar do Porto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.72%
Although “intellectual disability” has widely replaced the term “mental retardation”, the debate as to whether this entity should be conceptualized as a health condition or as a disability has intensified as the revision of the World Health Organization (WHO)’s International Classification of Diseases (ICD) advances. Defining intellectual disability as a health condition is central to retaining it in ICD, with significant implications for health policy and access to health services. This paper presents the consensus reached to date by the WHO ICD Working Group on the Classification of Intellectual Disabilities. Literature reviews were conducted and a mixed qualitative approach was followed in a series of meetings to produce consensus-based recommendations combining prior expert knowledge and available evidence. The Working Group proposes replacing mental retardation with intellectual developmental disorders, defined as “a group of developmental conditions characterized by significant impairment of cognitive functions, which are associated with limitations of learning, adaptive behaviour and skills”. The Working Group further advises that intellectual developmental disorders be incorporated in the larger grouping (parent category) of neurodevelopmental disorders...

Intellectual disability: definition, etiological factors, classification, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis

Katz,Gregorio; Lazcano-Ponce,Eduardo
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.66%
Etiology and classification: Causal factors related with cognitive disability are multiples and can be classified as follows: Genetic, acquired (congenital and developmental), environmental and sociocultural. Likewise, in relation to the classification, cognitive disability has as a common denominator a subnormal intellectual functioning level; nevertheless, the extent to which an individual is unable to face the demands established by society for the individual’s age group has brought about four degrees of severity: Mild, moderate, severe and profound. Diagnostic: The clinical history must put an emphasis on healthcare during the prenatal, perinatal and postnatal period and include the results of all previous studies, including a genealogical tree for at least three generations and an intentional search for family antecedents of mental delay, psychiatric illnesses and congenital abnormalities. The physical exam should focus on secondary abnormalities and congenital malformations, somatometric measurements and neurological and behavioral phenotype evaluations. If it is not feasible to establish a clinical diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct high-resolution cytogenetic studies in addition to metabolic clinical evaluations. In the next step...

Sexuality in subjects with intellectual disability: an educational intervention proposal for parents and counselors in developing countries

Katz,Gregorio; Lazcano-Ponce,Eduardo
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.8%
In developing countries, the study of intellectual disability has enormous knowledge gaps, especially in the areas of intervention, utilization of services and legislation. This article provides information not only for aiding in the potential development of sexuality in individuals with intellectual disability, but also for fostering their social integration. In Mexico and the region, in order to develop educational interventions for promoting sexual health, it is necessary to consider the following priorities: a) mental health professionals should have the knowledge or receive training for carrying out a sexual education and counseling program; b) educational interventions for subjects with intellectual disability should be adapted for the different stages of life (childhood, adolescence and adulthood); c) during childhood, educational intervention should emphasize the concept of public and private conducts; d) in adolescence, intervention should consider the actual mental age and not the chronological age of the subjects receiving intervention; e) the expression of sexuality in the adult with intellectual disability depends on the early incorporation of factors for promoting social inclusion; f) for educational interventions to be successful...