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Development of instrumentation for amperometric and coulometric detection using ultramicroelectrodes

COUTINHO, Cláudia F. B.; COUTINHO, Lincoln F. M.; LANÇAS, Fernando M.; CÂMARA, Carlos A. P.; NIXDORF, Suzana L.; MAZO, Luiz H.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
In this work it is presented the development of a simple, portable and inexpensive instrumentation for amperometric and coulometric detection in different analytical instrumentation systems utilizing ultramicroelectrodes. The software, developed in LabVIEW 7.1TM, is capable to carry out three main detection techniques (amperometric, pulsed amperometric and coulometric detection) and a voltammetric technique (cyclic voltammetry). The instrumentation was successfully evaluated using the following systems: cyclic voltammograms of metallic electrodes in alkaline solutions, flow electrochemical detection of glucose and glycine and direct determination of herbicide glyphosate (electrochemical detection coupled to HPLC).; Neste trabalho é apresentado o desenvolvimento de uma instrumentação simples, portátil e de baixo custo para detecção amperométrica e coulométrica usando ultramicroeletrodos em diferentes sistemas analíticos. O programa, desenvolvido em LabVIEW 7.1TM, é capaz de realizar três modos de detecção (amperométrico, coulométrico e amperométrico pulsado) e voltametria cíclica. A instrumentação desenvolvida foi avaliada utilizando os seguintes sistemas: voltametria cíclica de eletrodos metálicos em solução alcalina...

Performance de diferentes métodos de instrumentação radicular em dentes decíduos humanos e artificiais avaliado pela tomografia computadorizada por feixe cônico; Performance of different methods of root canal instrumentation in natural and artificial primary teeth evaluated by cone beam computed tomography

Mello-Moura, Anna Carolina Volpi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/08/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
No intuito de avaliar novas possibilidades de instrumentação radicular em dentes decíduos, o objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a performance de três diferentes métodos, manual e mecanizados, utilizando tomografia computadorizada por feixe cônico (TCFC). As técnicas utilizadas foram manual (MAN), rotatória com o sistema Protaper (ROT) e oscilatória com o sistema EndoEZE (OSC). Para o segundo objetivo, as técnicas foram testadas em dentes decíduos naturais e artificiais, para que também se pudesse avaliar a diferença entre a performance dos métodos nesses dois tipos de dentes. Após o acesso endodôntico inicial, imagens padronizadas foram realizadas em aparelho de TCFC (sistema iCat), com cortes sagital, coronal e axial. Após a instrumentação dos dentes pelos diferentes métodos, novas imagens foram realizadas. Avaliações quantitativas foram feitas medindo-se nas imagens axiais dos canais radiculares, a espessura das paredes e área do canal, em três diferentes regiões: terços cervical, médio e apical. Três desfechos foram considerados após instrumentação: desvio para a parede de risco, descentralização do canal e diferença na área do canal antes e após a instrumentação. Os valores foram comparados com análise de variância e teste de Tukey...

Instrumentalização de redes de sensores sem fio.; Instrumentation of wireless sensor networks.

Cansado, Jacinto Carlos Ascencio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Este trabalho apresenta um estudo da instrumentalização de software em Redes de Sensores Sem Fio, complementado pela aplicação, em um estudo de caso, de uma instrumentalização. A proposta da instrumentalização visa ampliar o conhecimento sobre essas redes em termos de desempenho, permitindo ao usuário tomar decisões suportadas pelo instrumento. Nesse sentido, foi realizada a abordagem conceitual em termos de Redes de Sensores Sem Fio, da tendência de padronização para essas redes e de instrumentalização por meio de software. Para a comprovação dos benefícios da adoção da utilização do conceito de instrumentalização de software nessas redes, foi desenvolvida uma rede de sensores utilizando esses conceitos, na qual foi possível avaliar o perfil dos aspectos temporais e da manutenção da qualidade da conexão. Os resultados obtidos evidenciam que é possível conhecer, com maiores detalhes, o comportamento da rede, o que melhora a qualidade da tomada de decisão do usuário em relação à sua utilização em aplicações com restrições temporais, nas quais os tempos de resposta envolvidos devem respeitar os limites máximos permitidos.; This thesis aims at the study of software instrumentation handling in terms of wireless sensor networks which is supplemented with the its application in a case study. The instrumentation purposes go towards the networks knowledge extension concerning its performance by allowing the user to make decisions based on software instrument reading. In this sense...

Morphometrical analysis of cleaning capacity of a hybrid instrumentation in mesial flattened root canals

Oliveira Goncalves, Leonardo Cantanhede; Sponchiado Junior, Emilio Carlos; da Frota, Matheus Franco; Franco Marques, Andre Augusto; Roberti Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 99-104
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
The cleaning capacity of hybrid and rotary instrumentation techniques in mesial flattened canals of mandibular first molars was evaluated by morphometrical analysis in this study. Twenty human mandibular first molars were randomly assigned into two groups, according to instrumentation technique, as follows: group 1, instrumentation with ProTaper Starter Kit (Dentsply/Maillefer) rotary system; group 2, manual instrumentation using K files (Dentsply/Maillefer) by crown-down technique in middle and apical thirds, cervical preparation with Gates-Glidden #1 and #2 (Dentsply/Maillefer) burs, and to finalise the preparation, ProTaper F2 and F3 rotary files. Serial transverse cross-sections (5 mu m) of the apical third, stained with hematoxylin and eosin, were analysed at 100 x original magnification. The images were submitted to morphometrical analysis with an integration grid to determine the percentage of root canal area with debris. Statiscal analysis (t-Student, P < 0.05) showed significant difference between the techniques (P < 0.05), although neither completely cleaned the root canal.

Cleaning capacity promoted by motor-driven or manual instrumentation using Pro Taper Universal system-histological analysis

Frota, Matheus Franco da; Bonetti Filho, Idomeo; Berbert, Fábio Luiz Camargo Villela; Ssponchiado Junior, Emilio Carlos; Marques, André Augusto Franco; Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 79-82
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Ten mandibular molars were randomly separated into 2 groups (n = 5) according to the type of instrumentation performed, as follows: Group 1 - instrumentation with rotary nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) files using ProTaper Universal System (Dentsply/Maillefer); and, Group 2 - instrumentation with Ni-Ti hand files using ProTaper Universal (Dentsply-Maillefer). Afterwards, the teeth were sectioned transversely and submitted to histotechnical processing to obtain histological sections for microscopic evaluation. The images were analyzed by the Corel Photo-Paint X5 program (Corel Corporation) using an integration grid superimposed on the image. Results: Statistical analysis (U-Mann-Whitney - P < 0.05) demonstrated that G1 presented higher cleaning capacity when compared to G2. Conclusions: The rotary technique presented better cleaning results in the apical third of the root canal system when compared to the manual technique.

Cleaning capacity promoted by motor-driven or manual instrumentation using ProTaper Universal system: Histological analysis

Frota, Matheus Franco da; Bonetti Filho, Idomeo; Berbert, Fabio Luiz Camargo Villela; Sponchiado, Emilio Carlos; Marques, André Augusto Franco; Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 79-82
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
The aim of this study was to assess the cleaning capacity of the Protaper system using motor-driven or manual instrumentation. Materials and Methods: Ten mandibular molars were randomly separated into 2 groups (n = 5) according to the type of instrumentation performed, as follows: Group 1 - instrumentation with rotary nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) files using ProTaper Universal System (Dentsply/Maillefer); and, Group 2 - instrumentation with Ni-Ti hand files using ProTaper Universal (Dentsply-Maillefer). Afterwards, the teeth were sectioned transversely and submitted to histotechnical processing to obtain histological sections for microscopic evaluation. The images were analyzed by the Corel Photo-Paint X5 program (Corel Corporation) using an integration grid superimposed on the image. Results: Statistical analysis (U-Mann-Whitney - P < 0.05) demonstrated that G1 presented higher cleaning capacity when compared to G2. Conclusions: The rotary technique presented better cleaning results in the apical third of the root canal system when compared to the manual technique.

Definition of in situ pavement instrumentation for data collection to develop a pavement performance model

Salini, Reus; Pais, Jorge C.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.; Santos, Luís Picado
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /04/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
After the implementation of the AASHTO Road Test many researches have been carried out regarding material and pavement performance, both in laboratory and in situ. Many methods for pavement evaluation and design were obtained based on empirical or empirical-mechanistic approaches. Nowadays these methods are used in pavement analysis and design supported by a set of shift factors which consider the variables not included in their definition. At the present time, the development of economical electronic sensors has made possible a successful full-scale instrumentation of pavements. This paper focuses on the problems and solutions related to instrumentation and its integration in the research of pavements in situ to collect relevant data for pavement modelling. The instrumentation includes monitoring environmental conditions (rainfall, air temperature, solar radiation, UV radiation and wind), pavement state (temperature, moisture and groundwater level), pavement response (displacement, tensile and compression strains, shear effects, deformations and pressures) and vehicle characteristics (classification, axle configuration, tyre types and pressures, speed, weight by axle at high speed and the driving transversal shift, i.e. the wheel distance from the pavement border). The definition of the instrumentation for pavement response was based on conventional pavement analysis using numerical modelling in which the sensors position was chosen to ensure reliable measurements. The external parameters evaluation...

Apical extrusion of debris by manual and mechanical instrumentation

Leonardi,Lilia E.; Atlas,Diana M.; Raiden,Guillermo
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
The aim of the present study was to assess the presence of apically extruded debris and evaluate the influence of canal curvature on the amount of debris produced by manual and mechanical techniques. Forty single-rooted mature teeth with 15 to 30 degree of root canal curvature were selected. The presence of only one foramen was confirmed using a magnifying lens. A size 15 K-file was placed up to the apical foramen to determine the patency. Working length was determined with the same instrument, 1 mm short of the foramen. According to the employed technique, the groups were labeled as follows: Group 1 - Manual instrumentation with Mor-flex files; Group 2 - Mechanical instrumentation with Cursor and Mor-flex files; Group 3 - Manual instrumentation with Flexi-cut files; Group 4 - Mechanical instrumentation with Cursor and Flexi-cut files. During instrumentation, the root canals were irrigated with 20 mL. Debris extruded through the apical foramen was collected using the Myers and Montgomery technique. The values (in mg) were: Group 1: 0.422 ± 0.683; Group 2: 0.688 ± 0.795; Group 3: 0.409 ± 0.323; Group 4: 0.810 ± 0.708. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA at 5% significance level. There was no statistically significant difference among the groups (p<0.05). No statistically significant differences were found between slight and moderate curvatures in terms of the amount of extruded debris (p>0.05).

Manual and Rotary Instrumentation Ability to Reduce Enterococcus faecalis Associated with Photodynamic Therapy in Deciduous Molars

Pinheiro,Sérgio Luiz; Silva,Josianne Neres da; Gonçalves,Rafael Orro; Villalpando,Karina Teixeira
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
This aim of this study was to assess the ability of manual or rotary instrumentation associated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) to reduce Enterococcus faecalis using three combinations of light/photosensitizers: toluidine blue O/laser, fuchsin/halogen light and fuchsin/LED. Twenty deciduous molars were selected and contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis (McFarland 0.5 scale). Working length determination was performed by visual method. The teeth were randomly divided into two groups: G1 (n=10): manual instrumentation (Kerr-type files) and G2 (n=10): rotary instrumentation (ProTaper system). The bacteria were collected three times using sterile paper cones compatible with the anatomic diameter of the root canal for 30 s before and after instrumentation and after PDT. The samples were diluted in peptone water, seeded on blood agar plates and incubated in an oven at 37 °C for colony-forming units counting. The decrease of E. faecalis counts after instrumentation and after PDT was compared using the Wilcoxon test, t-test and Kruskal Wallis test. A significant reduction of E. faecalis occurred after manual and rotary instrumentation and after PDT using the three combinations of light/photosensitizer (p<0.05). It may be concluded that both rotary and manual instrumentation reduced E. faecalis. Fuchsin with halogen light or LED irradiation and toluidine blue O with laser irradiation can be used to reduce E. faecalis in root canals of primary molars. PDT can be used as an adjuvant to conventional endodontic treatment.

Comparative in vitro study of root roughness after instrumentation with ultrasonic and diamond tip sonic scaler

Ribeiro,Fernanda Vieira; Casarin,Renato Correa Viana; Nociti Júnior,Francisco Humberto; Sallum,Enilson Antônio; Sallum,Antonio Wilson; Casati,Márcio Zaffalon
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.66%
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the root surface roughness after instrumentation with hand curette and diamond-coated sonic and universal ultrasonic tips. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty root surfaces of human teeth were randomly assigned to four treatment groups: control group (without instrumentation), curette instrumentation, ultrasonic instrumentation with universal tip and sonic instrumentation with diamond-coated tip. Each sample was instrumented with fifteen strokes. Before and after instrumentation, surface roughness was measured. In addition, the root surface topography was examined after treatment under the scanning electron microscope. RESULTS: Significant statistical differences (p <0.05) were observed when comparing the control group (0.48±0.07mm) to the treated groups (hand - 1.246±0.279mm, ultrasonic - 1.468±0.177mm and sonic instrumentation - 1.576±0.20mm). The highest roughness was produced by diamond-coated sonic tip and by ultrasonic universal tip (p >0.05). CONCLUSION: The diamond-coated tip with sonic scaler instrumentation and ultrasonic instrumentation produce similar root surface roughness, higher than curette instrumentation.

Is there a role for selective anterior instrumentation in neuromuscular scoliosis?

Tokala, D.; Lam, K.; Freeman, B.; Webb, J.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Our objective was to report on the clinical and radiological outcome from a cohort of patients with neuromuscular scoliosis who underwent selective anterior single rod instrumentation for correction of thoraco-lumbar and lumbar scoliosis. Traditionally combined anterior release with long posterior instrumentation has been advocated for the treatment of neuromuscular scoliosis. Neuromuscular curves tend to be long and may have significant pelvic obliquity. However, certain neuromuscular curves with minimal pelvic obliquity may lend themselves to selective anterior correction thereby saving motion segments and allow continued ambulation for those patients. Nine patients with neuromuscular scoliosis underwent selective anterior instrumentation between 1994 and 2000. The mean follow up was 2 years and 9 months (range 24–55 months). The clinical outcome (including parent and caregiver satisfaction), radiological outcome (Cobb angle, apical vertebral translation, pelvic obliquity, truncal shift, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, sagittal vertical axis) and complications are reported. Subjective outcome was excellent in six patients and good in three. All nine patients retained their ability to walk. There were no neurological or vascular complications. Supplementary posterior surgery was required in two patients. The mean pre-operative Cobb angle of 52° (range 44–60) improved to 20° (range 10–28) at 3 months...

Postoperative Pain after Foraminal Instrumentation with a Reciprocating System and Different Irrigating Solutions

Silva,Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal da; Monteiro,Maria Rachel; Belladonna,Felipe Gonçalves; Almeida,José Flávio; De-Deus,Gustavo; Neves,Aline de Almeida
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare postoperative pain after foraminal instrumentation using 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) gel irrigation protocol in nonvital single-rooted teeth after reciprocating instrumentation. Sixty-two volunteers presenting a single root canal diagnosed with asymptomatic necrosis and apical periodontitis were randomized into 2 experimental groups regarding the irrigation protocol (ie, 5.25% NaOCl and 2% CHX gel groups). Endodontic treatment was performed in a single session under reciprocating instrumentation with foraminal instrumentation. Volunteers were instructed to record pain intensity. Scores from 1 to 4 were attributed to each kind of pain after 24, 48, and 72 h. Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Student´s t tests were used to determine significant differences at p<0.05. On average, the percentage of patients that had no or mild pain after 24, 48 or 72 h was 77.4%, 88.7% and 95.1%, respectively. No statistically significant age difference was found between the groups (p>0.05, Student´s t test). Postoperative pain showed no statistically significant difference at any observation period when using 5.25% NaOCl or 2% CHX gel (p>0.05). Moreover, no significant difference was observed in the mean number of analgesic tablets used between the groups (p>0.05). In conclusion...

Advanced instrumentation for superheated liquid detectors in dark matter searches

Costa, Miguel António Felizardo da
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Doutor em Engenharia Física; The initial goal of the thesis work was to improve the performance of the instrumentation used in the SIMPLE dark matter search. Consequently, the ultimate objective is to find a possible candidate for Dark Matter or improve the knowledge of its nature. Upon a brief description of Dark Matter and the status of its search, the fundamentals of Superheated Liquid Detectors are presented. This thesis presents a robust acoustic instrumentation together with a new method for the identification of bubble nucleations in Superheated Droplet Detectors. This is accomplished through straightforward signal processing techniques applied to the acoustical recording of the nucleation events, which consists of pulse shape identification procedures. A set of tests are presented to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithms, as well as the new and more reliable instrumentation. An effort to locate a bubble nucleation in the SDDs is accomplished through some elaborated signal processing techniques applied to the acoustical recording of the nucleation events. These include the application of wavelets, the chirp-z transform and pulse shape identification procedures to locate temporally and validate the nucleation for its spatial localization. Acoustic and SDD associated backgrounds are completely discriminated with the developed signal processing techniques. Results from systematic studies are presented for the instrumentation and SDD response...

Critical Instrumentation Area: Influence of Root Canal Anatomy on the Endodontic Preparation

Oliveira,Maria Antonieta Veloso Carvalho de; Venâncio,Jessyca Figueira; Pereira,Analice Giovani; Raposo,Luís Henrique Araújo; Biffi,João Carlos Gabrielli
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the root canal anatomy of mandibular incisors before and after endodontic instrumentation, identifying regions inaccessible to the action of files (Critical instrumentation Area - CA) in a three-dimensional perspective. Thirty human mandibular central incisors were selected, assigned to two groups (n=15) and instrumented using ProTaper Universal rotary files. In the RX group, longitudinal digital radiographic images were obtained in the buccolingual (BL) and mesiodistal (MD) views. In the CT group, cross-sectional micro-computed tomography (µCT) images were obtained at 3, 9 and 15 mm from the apex. The canal area of the specimens was evaluated before and after instrumentation using digital images from each group. Data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA with subdivided parcels and Tukey's test (α=0.05). The canal area found in the MD radiographs was larger than in the BL radiographs, which was also confirmed in the transversal images (p<0.01). The CA was only detected in the MD radiographs and µCT scans. On the root canal configuration, a continuous reduction in the canal conicity was observed in BL radiographs, while in MD view there was a constriction at the cervical third and subsequent increase at the middle third (p<0.01). The conical shape of the root canal was observed only in the BL view. The canal enlargement in BL radiographs was not indicative of homogeneous instrumentation...

Evaluation of foraminal transportation during foraminal enlargement with different instrumentation systems

Silva,Diogo; Gomes,Aline Cristine; Silva,Juliana Melo da; Neves,Aline de Almeida; Zaia,Alexandre Augusto; Silva,Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal da
Fonte: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP Publicador: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Aim: To evaluate the foraminal transportation during foraminal enlargement after manual instrumentation with stainless steel files, preparation with the Mtwo system and Reciproc R25 file. Methods: Thirty roots were selected, divided in three groups and prepared in accordance with the different instrumentation systems: Hand Files (HF); Mtwo system (MS); and Reciproc system (RS). All groups were prepared with the instrumentation level 1 mm beyond the apex. Photomicrographs were performed using scanning electron microscopy, to record the foraminal anatomy before and after instrumentation. Data were analyzed using ANOVA followed by Tukey's test with a significance level of 5%. Results: The group instrumented with hand files showed higher foraminal transportation when compared to the Mtwo and Reciproc groups (p<0.05). Reciproc group showed lower transportation when compared to the Mtwo group (p<0.05). Conclusions: The stainless steel files caused significant foraminal transportation, while Reciproc system showed safe apical preparation, with little transportation.

In vitro comparative study of manual and mechanical rotary instrumentation of root canals using computed tomography

Limongi,Orlando; Albuquerque,Diana Santana de; Baratto Filho,Flares; Vanni,José Roberto; Oliveira,Elias P. Motcy de; Barletta,Fernando Branco
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
This in vitro study compared, using computed tomography (CT), the amount of dentin removed from root canal walls by manual and mechanical rotary instrumentation techniques. Forty mandibular incisors with dental crown and a single canal were selected. The teeth were randomly assigned to two groups, according to the technique used for root canal preparation: Group I - manual instrumentation with stainless steel files; Group II - mechanical instrumentation with RaCe rotary nickel-titanium instruments. In each tooth, root dentin thickness of the buccal, lingual, mesial and distal surfaces in the apical, middle and cervical thirds of the canal was measured (in mm) using a multislice CT scanner (Siemens Emotion, Duo). Data were stored in the SPSS v. 11.5 and SigmaPlot 2001 v. 7.101 softwares. After crown opening, working length was determined, root canals were instrumented and new CT scans were taken for assessment of root dentin thickness. Pre- and post-instrumentation data were compared and analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test for significant differences (p=0.05). Based on the findings of this study, it may be concluded that regarding dentin removal from root canal walls during instrumentation, neither of the techniques can be considered more effective than the other.

Digital Instrumentation for the Radio Astronomy Community

Parsons, Aaron; Werthimer, Dan; Backer, Donald; Bastian, Tim; Bower, Geoffrey; Brisken, Walter; Chen, Henry; Deller, Adam; Filiba, Terry; Gary, Dale; Greenhill, Lincoln; Hawkins, David; Jones, Glenn; Langston, Glen; Lazio, Joseph; van Leeuwen, Joeri; Mitc
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/04/2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
Time-to-science is an important figure of merit for digital instrumentation serving the astronomical community. A digital signal processing (DSP) community is forming that uses shared hardware development, signal processing libraries, and instrument architectures to reduce development time of digital instrumentation and to improve time-to-science for a wide variety of projects. We suggest prioritizing technological development supporting the needs of this nascent DSP community. After outlining several instrument classes that are relying on digital instrumentation development to achieve new science objectives, we identify key areas where technologies pertaining to interoperability and processing flexibility will reduce the time, risk, and cost of developing the digital instrumentation for radio astronomy. These areas represent focus points where support of general-purpose, open-source development for a DSP community should be prioritized in the next decade. Contributors to such technological development may be centers of support for this DSP community, science groups that contribute general-purpose DSP solutions as part of their own instrumentation needs, or engineering groups engaging in research that may be applied to next-generation DSP instrumentation.; Comment: 11 pages...

Análise comparativa entre instrumentação rotatória (GT), manual e associação de ambas no preparo de canais achatados; Comparative analysis of rotatory (GT) and manual root canal preparation and association of both techniques in instrumentation of flattened root canals

Gonçalves, Silvana Beltrami; Brosco, Viviane Haiub; Bramante, Clovis Monteiro
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2003 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
A instrumentação do canal radicular tem sido considerada uma das fases mais importantes do tratamento endodôntico, portanto muitas técnicas e instrumentos têm sido desenvolvidos para esse fim. O propósito desse estudo foi avaliar a limpeza de canais radiculares instrumentados com três diferentes técnicas. Foram selecionados trinta incisivos inferiores, onde a abertura coronária foi realizada. Posteriormente, os canais foram preenchidos com tinta nanquim (corante), previamente acondicionada em tubetes anestésicos, sendo a mesma levada ao interior do canal radicular com auxílio de uma seringa carpule e uma agulha para anestesia. Após 48 horas, tempo esperado para que o corante secasse no canal, os dentes foram divididos em três grupos: G1 - instrumentação rotatória com GT; G2 - instrumentação manual e G3 - associação de ambas (mista). Após a instrumentação, os dentes foram seccionados longitudinalmente e realizada a avaliação da limpeza dos canais, através da remoção de corante nos terços cervical, médio e apical. Os resultados demonstraram que não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na limpeza do canal entre as três técnicas de instrumentação estudadas, nos três terços avaliados.; Root canal preparation has been considered one of the most important steps in root canal therapy...

Estudo comparativo in vitro da rugosidade radicular após instrumentação com ultrassom e pontas sônicas diamantadas; Comparative in vitro study of root roughness after instrumentation with ultrasonic and diamond tip sonic scaler

Ribeiro, Fernanda Vieira; Casarin, Renato Correa Viana; Nociti Júnior, Francisco Humberto; Sallum, Enilson Antônio; Sallum, Antonio Wilson; Casati, Márcio Zaffalon
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a rugosidade radicular obtida após instrumentação por aparelho sônico com pontas diamantadas, curetas e ultrassom. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Quarenta superfícies radiculares, devidamente polidas e incluídas em resina acrílica, foram dividas em 4 grupos de tratamento: grupo controle (sem instrumentação) e instrumentação com cureta Gracey 5/6, ultrassom ou aparelho sônico com ponta diamantada. Em cada amostra foram realizados 15 movimentos de raspagem. Antes e após esta instrumentação foi utilizado um rugosímetro para a medição da rugosidade radicular. Além disso, a topografia da superfície radicular foi avaliada após o tratamento com microscopia eletrônica de varredura. RESULTADOS: Diferenças estatisticamente significantes (p;0.05). CONCLUSÃO: A instrumentação sônica com pontas diamantadas promove uma rugosidade radicular equivalente à instrumentação com ultrassom, sendo essa rugosidade superior àquela apresentada pela instrumentação manual.; OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the root surface roughness after instrumentation with hand curette and diamond-coated sonic and universal ultrasonic tips. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty root surfaces of human teeth were randomly assigned to four treatment groups: control group (without instrumentation)...

Evaluation of foraminal transportation during foraminal enlargement with different instrumentation systems

Silva, Diogo; Gomes, Aline Cristine; Silva, Juliana Melo da; Neves, Aline de Almeida; Zaia, Alexandre Augusto; Silva, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal da
Fonte: UNICAMP/FOP Publicador: UNICAMP/FOP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ;
Publicado em 31/12/2014 POR
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Aim: To evaluate the foraminal transportation during foraminal enlargement after manual instrumentation with stainless steel files, preparation with the Mtwo system and Reciproc R25 file. Methods: Thirty roots were selected, divided in three groups and prepared in accordance with the different instrumentation systems: Hand Files (HF); Mtwo system (MS); and Reciproc system (RS). All groups were prepared with the instrumentation level 1 mm beyond the apex. Photomicrographs were performed using scanning electron microscopy, to record the foraminal anatomy before and after instrumentation. Data were analyzed using ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test with a significance level of 5%. Results: The group instrumented with hand files showed higher foraminal transportation when compared to the Mtwo and Reciproc groups (p<0.05). Reciproc group showed lower transportation when compared to the Mtwo group (p<0.05). Conclusions: The stainless steel files caused significant foraminal transportation, while Reciproc system showed safe apical preparation, with little transportation.