Página 1 dos resultados de 2917 itens digitais encontrados em 0.148 segundos

Information technology for grandparents and grandchildren

Gonçalves, Vitor; Patrício, Maria Raquel
Fonte: International Association of Technology, Education and Development Publicador: International Association of Technology, Education and Development
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.58%
In a global and technology society, new technologies often represent an exclusion factor for the elderly population, unlike what happens with the digital natives. By contrast, young people today are fluent in the language of the new digital technologies. Information Technologies and Communication (ICT) can be key elements to bring different generations and promote the strengthening of family ties and sharing experiences. In this context, TINA project (Information Technology for Grandparents and Grandchildren) whose main aim is to promote family cohesion between grandchildren and grandparents through the ICT including through the Internet. It presents a pilot experiment involving two groups of grandparents and grandchildren in the district of Bragança, Portugal, in 2010. Apart from living promoted by the ICT, participants were trained in basic ICT skills and participated in workshops on the use of communication/interaction technologies between grandparents and grandchildren. The project culminated with the completion of a contest based on webquests before the Grandparents day.

Information technology for grandparents and grandchildren

Gonçalves, Vitor; Patrício, Maria Raquel
Fonte: IATED - International Association of Technology, Education and Development Publicador: IATED - International Association of Technology, Education and Development
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.58%
In a global and technology society, new technologies often represent an exclusion factor for the elderly population, unlike what happens with the digital natives. By contrast, young people today are fluent in the language of the new digital technologies. Information Technologies and Communication (ICT) can be key elements to bring different generations and promote the strengthening of family ties and sharing experiences. In this context, TINA project (Information Technology for Grandparents and Grandchildren) whose main aim is to promote family cohesion between grandchildren and grandparents through the ICT including through the Internet. It presents a pilot experiment involving two groups of grandparents and grandchildren in the district of Bragança, Portugal, in 2010. Apart from living promoted by the ICT, participants were trained in basic ICT skills and participated in workshops on the use of communication / interaction technologies between grandparents and grandchildren. The project culminated with the completion of a contest based on webquests before the Grandparents day.

O ensino de informática aplicada nos cursos de graduação em arquitetura e urbanismo no Brasil; The teaching of applied Information technology in brazilian undergraduate courses of architecture and urbanism

Natumi, Yone
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/08/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.64%
O requisito da Informática na Arquitetura, em face da ausência de definição desse termo nas legislações pertinentes, motivou o desenvolvimento desta pesquisa. O objetivo foi analisar o ensino das disciplinas de Informática Aplicada à Arquitetura nos cursos de graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo. A metodologia de pesquisa adotada foi o levantamento de campo para verificar como os cursos brasileiros de graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo interpretam o termo ao ofertar as disciplinas de conteúdo identificado como sendo de Informática Aplicada, que foi inserida pela Portaria MEC nº 1.770/1994, uma vez que as instituições de ensino superior (IES) possuem autonomia e flexibilidade para estruturar as diretrizes curriculares de seus projetos pedagógicos. As IES e seus respectivos cursos de graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo foram obtidos no sistema e-MEC do Ministério da Educação. O universo desta pesquisa, as disciplinas de Informática Aplicada foram pesquisadas nos sítios eletrônicos de cada IES. Com o intuito de conhecer o perfil dos professores para ministrar as disciplinas de Informática Aplicada foi utilizado um aplicativo de Questionário on-line aos mesmos. Os currículos de cada um dos que responderam ao questionário foram analisados na plataforma Lattes. Os resultados da pesquisa revelaram as diversas nomenclaturas para a disciplina Informática Aplicada e conteúdos diferentes para a mesma denominação em vários cursos de Arquitetura e Urbanismo. Analisando-se as ementas...

Aprendizagem de escrita de língua de sinais pelo sistema SignWriting : língua de sinais no papel e no computador; The learning process of sign language writing through the signwriting system : sign languages on paper and in the computer

Stumpf, Marianne Rossi
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.6%
Esta tese trata de como o sistema SignWriting pode servir de suporte a uma nova proposta pedagógica ao ensino da escrita de língua de sinais e letramento para crianças surdas usuárias da Língua Brasileira de Sinais - Libras e da Língua de Sinais Francesa - LSF. Escrever deve ser uma atividade significativa para a criança. No caso da criança surda, a escrita fundamenta-se em sua competência na língua de sinais, sem precisar da intermediação da língua oral. A criança surda, quando em um ambiente onde ela e seus colegas se comunicam em língua de sinais, efetivamente tenta escrever sinais, quando é incentivada a fazê-lo. Em nossos experimentos, usamos o sistema SignWriting para mostrar ás crianças surdas (e a seus pais e professores) como escrever textos em línguas de sinais de ambas as formas: manuscrita e impressa, usando o programa Sign Writer para editar textos em línguas de sinais. A base teórica que apóia a tese é a abordagem bilíngüe para a educação de surdos, a língua de sinais, a teoria de Piaget, e de Ferreiro quando trata das etapas da alfabetização em língua oral. Esta investigação possui um caráter exploratório, em que o delineamento metodológico é dado pela pesquisa-ação. O primeiro estudo apresenta um levantamento do processo de aquisição da escrita de sinais...

Política de informática na educação : o discurso governamental = Computing policy in education : governmental speech; Computing policy in education : governmental speech

Sandra Luzia Wrobel Straub
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.63%
O presente trabalho analisa, na perspectiva da Análise de Discurso materialista francesa, o discurso governamental sobre as tecnologias de informação e de comunicação - TICs - na educação pública, tendo como material os documentos do Programa Nacional de Informática na Educação - ProInfo (1997 e 2007) e os discursos de representantes do governo no lançamento do Programa Telecomunidade: mais comunicação para todos (2001) na região norte do Estado de Mato Grosso. Buscamos compreender, com a abrangência de uma década (1997-2010), que sentidos foram se construindo para a educação no discurso governamental da implementação das TICs. Ressaltamos, no funcionamento discursivo em análise, a constante referência à tecnologia como um argumento para a melhoria educacional, e o estabelecimento da escola privada como parâmetro de qualidade para a escola pública. Julgamos importante mostrar que o discurso governamental sobre as TICs tem como pré-construído o discurso (neo)liberal, que naturaliza os sentidos de competitividade, desenvolvimento econômico e social, mercado de trabalho, concorrência, autonomia.; This paper analyzes, in terms of materialistic French Discourse Analysis, the governmental speech on information and communication technologies - ICT - in public education...

SP.772 Internet Technology in Local and Global Communities, Spring 2005; Internet Technology in Local and Global Communities

Gray, Paul E.; Gaudi, Manish
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.6%
The MIT-Africa Internet Technology Initiative (MIT-AITI) organization is an innovative approach by MIT students to integrate computers and internet technology into the education of students in African schools. The program focuses upon programming principles, cutting-edge internet technology, free open-source systems, and even an entrepreneurship seminar to introduce students in Africa to the power of technology and to equip them with skills that will allow them to be creative, resourceful, and prosperous. The mission statement of the AITI program is based on the idea that information technology carries the potential to empower people around the globe with knowledge. The AITI program is implemented with emphasis on classroom teaching, community-oriented projects, and independent learning. MIT-AITI achieves this goal by sending MIT students to three African nations in order to teach both students and teachers through intensive classroom and lab sessions for six weeks. Hence, MIT-AITI provides MIT students with an opportunity for community service where they can apply their extensive engineering skills. Moreover, MIT-AITI creates a long-term cultural and technical understanding between MIT and African educational institutions.

Technology supported, self-directed learning: an investigation of blended learning and online assessment on a pre-service teacher education

Scanlon, Greg
Fonte: University of Limerick, Department of Education & Professional Studies Publicador: University of Limerick, Department of Education & Professional Studies
Tipo: Master thesis (Research); all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.65%
non-peer-reviewed; This study aimed to explore the use of a blended learning course of study on an undergraduate teacher programme in the Republic of Ireland. The study aimed to examine the use of a blend of online learning with face-to-face tuition and web-based assessment. The study also aimed to investigate students’ reactions to the course of study by examining their levels of participation and investigating the extent to which the course may have influenced their attitudes to the use of ICT in teaching and learning. The study was exploratory in nature and employed a case study methodology which involved the use of online surveys, the collection of students’ responses to formative assessment questions as well as summative assessment grades, the analysis of online logs to determine levels of participation, student focus groups and tutor observation. The study found that student engagement with the course was both widespread and enlightening, student enthusiasm for the use of information technology in education was almost ubiquitous and most students expressed a desire to utilise the technology as part of their teaching. The study also found that the course was instrumental in causing a change in attitude in favour of the use of blended learning as a tool to enhance teaching and learning for a majority of this student cohort. These findings suggest that student-teachers are willing and able to engage with a self-directed...

Evaluating the effectiveness of CALL technology in teaching Irish grammar at primary level: a case study approach.

Doherty, Ann Marie
Fonte: University of Limerick, Department of Education and Professional Studies Publicador: University of Limerick, Department of Education and Professional Studies
Tipo: Master thesis (Research); all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.61%
non-peer-reviewed; Considerable investment has been made in the area of information and communication technology (ICT) in the Irish education sector over the past two decades. The Department of Education and Skills (DES) and the National Centre for Technology in Education (NCTE) has encouraged and supported the integration of ICT with the Primary School Curriculum (1999) by providing funding, professional development and ongoing support for schools and teachers. This study investigates the effectiveness of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) technologies for teaching Irish grammar to sixth class students in primary school. Following teacher-only and computer-only teaching sessions, quantitative data was obtained by examining the participants collectively. The participants‟ attitudes towards ICT in education were also explored by means of focus group interviews and open-ended questions in the questionnaire, providing qualitative data. The findings of this case study reveal that students can learn equally well from computer-only tuition as teacher-only tuition. However, the students prefer lessons that include human interaction and are better motivated to learn when a teacher takes part in lessons. The participants in this study state that greater use can be made of ICT in lessons.

Two-level model of information technology adoption in local government of Bali

Darmawan, I.; Keeves, J.
Fonte: Shannon Research Press Publicador: Shannon Research Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.59%
Recent advance in information technology has aroused much interest among policy-makers, the business sector, the media and the academic world in developed countries. However, very little is known about the obstacles to adopting information technology in developing countries, particularly the low-income economies. This research stems from the issues described above. A variety of factors may influence the adoption of IT in local governments. Those factors range from technological and institutional to personal, social and economic factors. These factors included not only the information on variables gathered at the employee level but also on questions regarding the characteristics of each organization involved in the study. Hence the data files contain information obtained at two different levels, namely individual level and organizational level. Therefore a two-level hierarchical linear model is used to examine the relationships among variables.; http://ehlt.flinders.edu.au/education/iej/articles/mainframe.htm; I Gusti Ngurah Darmawan and John P Reeves; © 2002 Shannon Research Press

An investigation into the factors that affect the pedagogical progression of information and communication technology in post primary schools in Ireland

Hayles, Marie
Fonte: University of Limerick, Department of Education and Professional Studies Publicador: University of Limerick, Department of Education and Professional Studies
Tipo: Master thesis (Taught); all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.72%
non-peer-reviewed; An investigation into the factors that affect the pedagogical progression of information and communication technology in post primary schools in Ireland Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has the potential to transform the methods in which teachers teach and students learn. ICT, such as computers and the internet, can enhance the quality of teaching and learning and expand educational opportunities. The objective of this paper is to investigate the factors that lead to the pedagogical progression of information and communication technology (ICT) in post primary schools in Ireland. This thesis examines the use of ICT in Irish schools under the following headings: technical support; leadership; ICT in the classroom, pedagogical integration of technology, hardware and broadband; software and digital content; funding; teacher professional development and innovative use of ICT in the classroom. Quantitave and qualitative data was collected from six Irish post primary schools in the form of questionnaires, interviews and observations. This study found that the use of technology in schools has significantly increased in the past decade, due to improved ICT infrastructures, guidance from government policies promoting the integration of ICT in teaching and learning and investment for technology in education. However...

Measuring the value of graduate information technology education for Marine Officers: a proof of concept study

Branstetter, Terry L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 89 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.77%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This research examines a process to estimate the value of graduate education. Moreover, it demonstrates an approach to measuring the use of graduate education within organizations. Marine Corps officers who graduated from the Naval Postgraduate School's Information System Technology curriculum are studied. The study used a web-based survey for data collection and a Knowledge Value Added method to objectively estimate the value of education topics across different Marine Corps processes. Results indicate that the Information System Technology curriculum is designed and implemented to successfully meet sponsor requirements. It reveals that the education is highly valued and frequently used in post graduation billets. The most valued aspect of the education is theoretical knowledge. However, the research showed how practical information technology skills and social relationships that developed during the resident education were also highly valued and frequently used. The results go on to show that personal interest in education topics often corresponded to greater perceived value. Lastly, a proof of concept demonstrates a method to measure and compare the use on graduate education in subsequent organizational processes. The Knowledge Value Added method provides the ability to compare education use between different topics...

Information Technology in the Classroom: The Views of University Professors; Las TIC en el aula: percepciones de los profesores universitarios; As TICs na aula: percepções dos professores universitários

Riascos-Erazo, Sandra Cristina; Facultad de Ciencias de la Administración, Universidad del Valle; Quintero-Calvache, Diana María; Facultad de Ciencias de la Administración, Universidad del Valle; Ávila-Fajardo, Gloria Patricia; Facultad de Ciencias de
Fonte: Universidad de la Sabana Publicador: Universidad de la Sabana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.67%
This article is the result of a study conducted to identify how teachers view the use of information technology (IT) in the teaching-learning process, specifically in the case of two universities.The methodology began with an analysis of literature concerning the teacher’s opinion, the impact of IT and the extent of its use. The information was collected at two universities, through a survey designed to identify the views of teachers. The findings were analyzed by frequency and variable triangulation.Essentially, the results show that teachers at the private university view the use of IT in a positive light.The opposite is true of the perception of teachers at the public university. This is due to several reasons, which are presented in the analysis. The study concludes by proposing recommendations to improve teachers’ view of the use of IT in higher education.; Este artículo es el resultado de una investigación que tiene como objetivo identificar la percepción del docente frente a la utilización de las TIC dentro del proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje, en los casos de dos universidades. La metodología empleada partió del análisis de literatura relacionada con la percepción docente, el impacto de las TIC y su nivel de utilización. Además...

Better learning of mechanics through information technology

Regalado S., Carlos A. (Carlos Andrés Regalado Santamaría), 1971-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 254 p.; 9507153 bytes; 9540898 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.62%
(cont.) visualize complex geometric arrangements. Finally, the tools developed represent an alternative to what learning technology has always done; transmit academic knowledge to the student. These tools are an example of how IT can be used to go beyond the traditional forms of academic teaching by using technology with an approach that is not attached to this transmission model. They also show how to exploit the adaptive potential of IT to serve a different, more effective kind of learning.; The use of Information Technology (IT) in engineering education offers the opportunity to teach concepts more effectively than the methods of instruction most commonly used. IT can assist students in making abstractions and improve their understanding of more complicated concepts starting from simple principles and/or real-world physical phenomena. This thesis presents two interactive computer-aided learning tools. For their development, educational theory is first reviewed from which important learning concepts are extracted. These concepts are proposed as essential elements to be incorporated in computer-assisted learning tools. The thesis also reviews the history of technology in education since the 1600's, including the major contributions...

Examining pervasive technology practices in schools : a mental models approach

Vaikakul, Savalai, 1976-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 159 leaves; 8094085 bytes; 8103213 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.74%
Studies of computers and education have failed to account for the relevance and importance of tacit assumptions and unquestioned expectations that underlie educational technology practices. A major premise of this dissertation is that it is these taken-for-granted interpretations of technology that most significantly influence how technology is used in the sphere of education. It is thus analytically useful to examine technology use in education by investigating the assumptions on which currently pervasive educational technology practices are built. I employ the concept of "mental models" to study current educational technology practices. An examination of the literature revealed key elements of the prevailing mental model of technology in education, which I call the mental model of computers as information technology and multimedia machines. In this mental model, computer technology is viewed as a means to provide students and teachers with Internet connectivity and access to extensive, up-to-date information. The computer's multimedia authoring capacity can then be utilized to synthesize the wealth of information culled from Internet sources into presentations with integrated text, graphics, sound, and video. I investigated how this mental model organizes thinking about technology use and education within a large-scale initiative to implement one-to-one computing in public schools...

HST.921 / HST.923 Information Technology in the Health Care System of the Future, Spring 2003; Information Technology in the Health Care System of the Future

Locke, Steven E. (Steven Elliot); Bergeron, Bryan P.; Sands, Daniel Z.; Blander, Jeffrey
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.65%
The healthcare system in the US has been in the midst of a rapid transition in response to changing trends and patterns of care. The growing emphasis on evidence-based medical practice, continuous quality improvement, clinical and cost-effectiveness, and risk management have led to a sea change in medical practice that has been stressful for clinicians, patients, and administrators. As care becomes more tightly managed, it becomes a challenge for clinicians, administrators, and patients to balance time, money, resources, and clinical outcomes. Can emerging technologies help solve these complex problems? How has the demise of the dot.com industry effected these trends and slowed the proliferation of potential solutions? This innovative, trans-faculty course will teach the student how information technologies are shaping and redefining the health care marketplace through examining aspects related to 1) improved economies of scale, 2) greater technical and business efficiencies in the delivery of care to patients, 3) advanced tools for patient education and self-care, 4) network integrated decision support tools for clinicians, and 5) e-health applications and e-commerce. Students are required to take this course in conjunction with HST 923...

Teacher professional development and ICT: an investigation of teachers studying a postgraduate award in ICT in education

McGarr, Oliver; O'Brien, J.
Fonte: Taylor & Francis (Routledge) Publicador: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.6%
peer-reviewed; The Schools IT2000 initiative, launched in 1997, was the first large-scale attempt to integrate ICT into teaching and learning in the Irish education system. Prior to its launch computer use in Irish schools was inhibited by the absence of a clearly defined policy. During the 1990s, in the absence of a national policy, schools began to develop IT skills type courses resulting in the dominance of the acquisition of basic IT skills at post-primary level ref? The sporadic use of ICT in post-primary schools was reflected in a number of studies conducted in the nineties, which found considerable differences in the level of exposure students received to ICT. These studies also found little use of ICT in teaching and learning (McKenna et al, 1993; Drury, 1995; Mulkeen, 1997). In response to the low levels of use across the curriculum a central aim of the Schools IT2000 initiative was to provide in-service to all teachers to enable them to develop the necessary skills to integrate ICT in teaching and learning. In order to achieve this aim a training continuum was developed with the objective of enabling teachers to progress from novice to expert users of information technology in education. Short-term in-service courses were initially offered to all post-primary teachers in the state. These courses introduced basic IT skills and to date have trained 59% of post-primary teachers in the basic use of ICT (NPADC...

Aspectos que influenciam a efetividade de políticas e práticas de TD&E na área de tecnologia da informação de uma instituição financeira; Aspects that influenced effective policies and practices for information technology in a financial institution

Odelius, Catarina Cecília; Siqueira Júnior, Fernando Antônio Braga de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.57%
Esta pesquisa teve o objetivo de identificar que aspectos, além dos apontados na literatura, influenciam a efetividade de políticas e práticas de treinamento, desenvolvimento e educação (TD&E) na área de tecnologia da informação de uma instituição financeira. A revisão de literatura abrangeu periódicos nacionais e internacionais sobre treinamento, desenvolvimento e educação, e subsidiou a elaboração do roteiro de entrevista. Esse roteiro, juntamente com a análise documental relativa a treinamentos e ações de capacitação desenvolvidos pela organização no período de 2005 e 2006, permitiu identificar os aspectos que, de acordo com a percepção de cinco gerentes e cinco analistas da área de TI, influenciaram positiva e negativamente os resultados das políticas e práticas de TD&E. As análises de conteúdo realizadas e sua posterior comparação com a literatura permitiram identificar a existência de aspectos específicos da área de TI que influenciam a efetividade das políticas de práticas de TD&E. A dificuldade de consolidação de conhecimentos e habilidades, decorrente do dinamismo da área, e a necessidade de implementar um programa permanente de formação de novos analistas são alguns dos principais aspectos observados.; A survey was made to identify the specific aspects which influenced effectiveness of policies and practices in the training...

Contextualizing South Africa's participation in the SITES 2006 module

Blignaut,Seugnet; Els,Christo; Howie,Sarah
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.58%
The International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) initiated the Second International Technology in Education Study (SITES 2006) - a large-scale comparative survey on the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in schools. The goal was to understand the pedagogical use of ICTs in schools in 22 education systems. We aim to contextualize South Africa's participation in SITES 2006 on four levels: (i) the nature and structure of the South African education system, (ii) a review of South Africa's participation in SITES 2006, (iii) ICT infrastructure, facilities and equipment, and (iv) teachers' use of ICTs for teaching and learning. SITES 2006 administered three questionnaires to school principals, technology coordinators, and mathematics and science teachers. The final sample consisted of 666 mathematics and 622 science teachers. Although most education systems collected data via the internet, South Africa was the only country that used only a paper-and-pencil data collection strategy with an average return rate of 90%. South Africa scored low on most variables, e.g. ICT infrastructure, facilities, and equipment. A large percentage of South African teachers reported their ICT incompetence. South Africa's inability to cross the boundaries of traditional learning towards the development of 21st century teaching and learning skills inhibits social and economic growth for the development of human capital.

Weaknesses of South African education in the mirror image of international educational development

Wolhuter,C C
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.54%
The aim of this article is to present a systematic, holistic evaluation of the South African education system, using international benchmarks as the yardstick. A theoretical model for the evaluation of a national education project is constructed. This consists of three dimensions, namely: a quantitative dimension, a qualitative dimension, and an equality dimension. International databases and the existing international taxonomies of national education systems are then used to evaluate the South African education system, along the three dimensions of the model. It is found that the weakest links are the facts that primary and secondary education enrolment ratios are not followed through to the higher education level; that input, particularly financial input, does not render a commensurate return in terms of the quality of teaching and learning, and learning outcomes; that the administrative component of the system and teacher input appear to be the two weak links in the system in this regard; and that stark inequalities exist in the education system. In conclusion, some recommendations for the improvement of practice and for further research are made.

Health information technology in primary health care in developing countries: a literature review

Tomasi,Elaine; Facchini,Luiz Augusto; Maia,Maria de Fatima Santos
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.55%
This paper explores the debate and initiatives concerning the use of information technology (IT) in primary health care in developing countries. The literature from 1992-2002 was identified from searches of the MEDLINE, Latin American and Caribbean Health Science Literature Database (LILACS), Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases. The search identified 884 references, 350 of which were classified according to the scheme described by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). For the analysis of advantages, problems and perspectives of IT applications and systems, 52 articles were selected according to their potential contribution to the primary health-care processes in non-developed countries. These included: 10 on electronic patient registries (EPR), 22 on process and programmatic action evaluation and management systems (PPAEM) and 20 on clinical decision-support systems (CDS). The main advantages, limitations and perspectives are discussed.