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Electronic Warfare (EW) historical perspectives and its relationship to Information Operations (IO)-considerations for Turkey

Kucukozyigit, Ali Can.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
The purpose of this thesis is the exploration of the relationship and interaction between Electronic Warfare (EW) and Information Operations (IO) core, supporting and related competencies. Understanding the definitions of information and its value, information superiority, and the decision making cycle provides the foundation for the thesis. Investigation of the historical transformation of EW from the U.S. Civil War to the First Gulf War, and also examining how the concept of IO has developed and evolved contributes to this study by helping to comprehend the modern day interaction between EW and each IO competency separately. This interaction is constructed upon the guidance and standards provided by the latest U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Publication Joint Publication 3-13 Information Operations. This study concludes that the relationship between EW and IO is increasingly interactive and consists of two aspects: limiting and interfering, and reinforcing and supporting. Also, the relationship between EW and each IO competency is not consistent between the core and supporting competencies. In addition to these conclusions, this study expresses some considerations for EW and IO applications with respect to the unique environment and requirements of the Turkish Republic.

A discretionary-mandatory model as applied to network centric warfare and information operations

Hestad, Daniel R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Thesis; Thesis
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; The concepts of DoD information operations and network centric warfare are still in their infancy. In order to develop concepts, the right conceptual models need to be developed from which to design and implement these concepts. Information operations and network centric warfare are fundamentally based on trust decisions. However, the key to developing these concepts is for DoD to develop the organizational framework from which trust, inside and outside, of an organization may be achieved and used to its advantage. In this thesis, an organizational model is submitted for review to be applied to DoD information systems and operational organizations.

Special Operations Forces, Information Operations, and Airpower: prescription for the 21st Century

Sands, Thomas R.; Issler, Paul H.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The Gulf War of 1990-1991 has been described as the pinnacle of second-wave warfare, characterized by massed field armies, maneuver formations based on the armored vehicle and airplane, second generation precision guided munitions (PGMs), and engagements involving thousands of soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines. At the height of the conflict, over 500,000 United States (U.S.) servicemen were deployed in support of Operations DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM. The ensuing victory by U.S./Coalition forces and loss by Iraqi forces is one of the greatest lopsided outcomes in the history of warfare. Unfortunately, the demonstrated U.S. preeminence in conventional second-wave warfare may spell trouble for the 21st century. Potential adversaries will have taken note of our capabilities in this arena and will endeavor to develop methods and technologies that will negate our strengths either through asymmetric attack, innovation, or both. These actions will give rise to asymmetric warfare as the dominant paradigm. Combined application of special operations forces (SOF), information operations (IO), and airpower (AP) may produce synergistic effects that will permit smaller forces to effectively and efficiently counter our adversaries adopting asymmetric warfare. We employ a heuristic approach in conveying our vision of combined SOF...

Electronic Warfare (EW) historical perspectives and its relationship to Information Operations (IO)-considerations for Turkey

Kucukozyigit, Ali Can.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
The purpose of this thesis is the exploration of the relationship and interaction between Electronic Warfare (EW) and Information Operations (IO) core, supporting and related competencies. Understanding the definitions of information and its value, information superiority, and the decision making cycle provides the foundation for the thesis. Investigation of the historical transformation of EW from the U.S. Civil War to the First Gulf War, and also examining how the concept of IO has developed and evolved contributes to this study by helping to comprehend the modern day interaction between EW and each IO competency separately. This interaction is constructed upon the guidance and standards provided by the latest U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Publication Joint Publication 3-13 Information Operations. This study concludes that the relationship between EW and IO is increasingly interactive and consists of two aspects: limiting and interfering, and reinforcing and supporting. Also, the relationship between EW and each IO competency is not consistent between the core and supporting competencies. In addition to these conclusions, this study expresses some considerations for EW and IO applications with respect to the unique environment and requirements of the Turkish Republic.

Perception management and coalition information operations.

Tatge, Aletha S.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
This thesis focuses on the conduct of perception management (PM) within coalitions. Research has alluded to the possibility of predicting human behavior by creating stories that convey a believable reality. Further, does PM have any organizational process relationship with engagement planning? Target selection? Press statement coordination? The thesis focuses on how well coalitions are poised to conduct integrated PM operations. It identifies current PM capabilities by studying two recent coalition operations and determines how to best coordinate integration efforts. The purpose of this study is to analyze various methods of perception management and determine how they can be incorporated into current US Information Operations. One area of study will be the importance of credibility of our leaders when placed in a position of authority. This study will show that credibility is one of the toughest factors to achieve. A second area of study will be the value of story telling in gaining populace support and validation for intervening in conflicts that require the use of force and soldiers. As Stephen Pease said, "the message must be believable, though not necessarily true." (Stephen Pease 1950)

Mission Accomplished! Or Not A Study about Success in Information Operations

Lamke, Thomas
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This study has analyzed success in information operations what it is and how it is determined. The research was carried out as a literature study and is limited to encompassing the military part of information operations. The main sources have been U.S., British and Swedish information operations doctrines. Success in information operations is discussed from two perspectives the evaluative and the predictive. According to doctrines, success from an evaluative perspective is determined by measuring post-action effects on the target. It is problematic to determine success from the predictive perspective. This conclusion is based on the lack of analytical tools and/or processes to determine the effort needed, and the current lack of procedures to coherently connect operational objectives with tactical tasks in the information environment. In order to pursue this beyond the initial results of the thesis, success in the maritime domain is briefly analyzed and the outcome of the analysis is adjusted and applied to the information environment. Several areas are presented where the adjusted concept of operations could benefit the information environment; the most significant improvement would be the ability to predict probability of success prior to an operation. Lastly...

Information Operations and FATA Integration into the National Mainstream

Malik, Mohsin Abbas
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
This paper analyzes the multifaceted problem of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) with a view to suggesting viable options to integrate tribal areas of Pakistan into the national mainstream and a role that can be played by information operations (IO) in achieving this integration. The paper discusses historical background and provides an overview of administrative, judicial, political, and socioeconomic aspects of issues and addresses impact of military operations within the area. The launching of military operations in the FATA after 9/11 became a necessity; their impact is discussed at length to determine remedies and applications of strategies and tools to achieve the smooth integration of the FATA into the national mainstream. In assessing underlying causes, this study suggests that a significant change to the status quo is essential and effective measures must be taken to initiate tribal area integration to safeguard wider national and international interests. The role of IO, i.e., non-kinetic, non-lethal options, to include application of tools and capabilities is analysed with respect to achieving FATA integration into the national mainstream. This research is focused on a more cohesive strategy of integration and future vision of integrating the FATA into the national mainstream by applying modern IO tools.

Case Studies on UN Information Operations Ethiopia, Liberia, and Kosovo

Browne, Cheree M.; Mentes, Osman
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Over the past ten years, the demand for UN Information Operations (IO) has grown, with the UN initiating or strengthening seventeen peacekeeping operations and increasing the number of deployed UN personnel. Given the growing demand for UN peacekeeping, we will examine, assess, and make recommendations for increasing UN Information operations during peacekeeping (IODP) effectiveness. This thesis will focus on UN information operations from a tactical methodology of peacekeeping operations utilizing the information hierarchy of needs in a post conflict situation. To determine whether the United Nations has established IODP, the following questions are addressed What is more important the IO message or the information system (IS) Is a successful system sufficient for IO success What is the information hierarchy What impact does the information hierarchy have on peacekeeping operations Who should deliver the message How should the message be delivered What is the structure for evaluating UN IODP When, where, and how has the UN succeeded in utilizing IODP in missions Where has it failed and what were the IO issues it faced How can the United Nations and member countries better utilize information operations How can the United Nations utilize the information hierarchy to garner public support in post-conflict environments How can the United Nations counter competing information How do you manage expectations in a post conflict situation Are the tools used by the United Nations for managing expectations during peacekeeping operations effective Specifically...

The role of public diplomacy, public affairs, and psychological operations in strategic information operations

Freeman, Bryan R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 65 p.;
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
Organizing for and conducting effective public affairs (PA), public diplomacy (PD), and psychological operations (PSYOPS) in support of national security objectives is a complex endeavor. In many instances, the desired psychological "effects" are contingent on the efficiency of the organizational structure conducting the programs themselves along with the development and dissemination of appropriate messages and themes. At the present, the USG's ability to influence on a global scale is deficient due to fragmented organizational structure and underdeveloped doctrine relating to strategic influence. Duplication of efforts, inconsistent themes, and the lack of a long-term, strategically focused, integrated information strategy have been inhibiting factors to American foreign policy success. This thesis will examine public diplomacy, public affairs and psychological operations, and look at how the U.S. Government (USG) has organized for and conducted strategic influence as it relates to Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Information operations (IO) organizational design and procedures

Caldwell, Russell J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 163 p. : col. ill.
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.19%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; Multi National Force (MNF) operations recognize the existence of shared national interests in a specific geographic region. Furthermore, MNF operations seek to standardize some basic concepts and processes that will promote habits of cooperation, increased dialogue, and provide for baseline Coalition/Combined Task Force (CCTF) operational concepts. This thesis and its' recommendation for a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) are aimed at improving interoperability and CCTF operational readiness. The SOP will focus on the spectrum of Information Operations (IO) with regards to Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) and Small Scale Contingencies (SSC) during MNF operations. First, existing doctrine and cases will be analyzed to develop a foundation for this study. This thesis will seek to identify the existing IO procedures to be utilized during MNF operations. Next, exercise observations and lessons learned reviews serve as the basis for IO SOP Annex development to support the MNF SOP.; Lieutenant, United States Navy

Information operations in strategic, operational, and tactical levels of war : a balanced systematic approach

Tuner, Bunyamin
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 75 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.95%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis explores the idea whether a balanced systematic approach is a better way to integrate Information Operations (IO) at different levels of war compared to uncoordinated efforts at each level. Analysis of the role of information in a conflict in the context of information superiority provides the foundation of the thesis. DOD's IO core, supporting, and related capability based approach was used in the analysis of each level of warfare. Strategic, operational, and tactical level IO were analyzed by matching relevant IO capabilities with the IO effects desired at the respective levels. Sample systems were provided for each capability when appropriate. IO efforts in Operation Desert Storm and Operation Allied Force were analyzed. This thesis concluded that a balanced systematic approach to IO through its integration at all three levels of warfare will produce much better results than the uncoordinated cases in order to exploit the integrative effect of IO on the instruments of national power and the military capabilities at different levels of warfare.; First Lieutenant, Turkish Army

Taliban information strategy: how are the Taliban directing their information strategy towards the population of Afghanistan?

Schmeck, Derek I.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 61 p. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; The purpose of this thesis is to understand the core components of the Afghan Taliban information strategy, which they treat as their main effort in their struggle to regain power. The Taliban use cultural metaphors from multiple sources such as Islam, pushtunwali, and Afghanistan's history to frame their right of religious and political authority. Taliban information strategy interweaves these metaphors with threats to sow fear in the minds of the Afghan population. Such methods employed by the Taliban to send their messages consist of leaving shabnamehs (night letters) to demonstrate that the Taliban can appear at anytime. More modern methods such as creating DVDs have recently been incorporated into their toolbox for the purpose of sustaining their fighter's moral and recruiting new followers inspired by their battle victories. This thesis determines that the Taliban are focusing their information strategy on short-term goals and thus, is relatively ineffective. This is derived from polling data that demonstrates the majority of Afghan people do not support the Taliban or desire to see their return to power. The Taliban are viewed as the reason for poor security despite their efforts to convince the population that the government cannot provide security. The Taliban information strategy has relied primarily on fear and coercion rather than persuasion. The Taliban's problematic IO strategy affords multiple opportunities for the United States and its allies to reach out to those parts of the Afghan population for whom the Taliban provide a disproportionate amount of all their information. This thesis makes specific recommendations on how best to achieve this goal.

Information operations, an evolutionary step for the Mexican Armed Forces

Schulz, David Vargas
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 127 p. : ill., col. maps ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
This thesis will focus on the Mexican Armed Force's ability to deal with existing and future unconventional threats and insurgencies. The modern Mexican Armed Forces are the result of an enduring evolutionary process, which has made the necessary changes to deal with the emerging threats against the state. Mexico's criminal threat has evolved because of 9/11 and because of the U.S.-led crackdown on Colombian drug cartels. Mexico's modern adversary is well versed in waging mass media campaigns and uses terrorist tactics to instill fear in Mexico's population. Mexico's current threats consist of drug trafficking, which has resulted in increased levels of violence and rebel insurgencies that have also transitioned from revolutionary nationalists to violent criminals. Therefore, to positively counter the rise of social and political violence, Mexico's government needs to carefully plan its response to insurgencies. Mexico must develop alternate and unconventional remedies to preserve its national security. Current Mexican military strategies rely on the mass mobilization of ground and air troops for mainly search and destroy operations. Although, the evolving threat warrants an unorthodox military strategy, this thesis will only focus on the Mexican Navy's ability to take the lead in dealing with the nation's rising unconventional threats. This thesis uses both the insurgency and counterinsurgency model developed by Gordon H. McCormick...

Military-media relationships : identifying and mitigating military-media biases to improve future military operations

Bohrer, Shawn A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 69 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.97%
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; A noticeable civil-military gap has emerged in American society where the public does not fully understand the mission of the military, and the military does not understand the expectations and demands by the public in a liberal democracy. Maintaining a good rapport with the media and not fostering a civil-military gap will allow the public to embrace 'good news' stories that are introduced by the military as well as accept the times when a negative story breaks the news. Cooperating with the media by allowing appropriate access to the military is vital to effective information operations. This research identifies instances of failure in military-media relationships by reviewing the historical relationship between the media and military in wartime as well as two examples in the last 15 years in which the Navy has mishandled newsworthy events-the 1989 explosion aboard the USS IOWA and the 2001 collision between the submarine, USS GREENEVILLE and the Japanese fishing trawler, Ehime Maru. The purpose of this project is to determine and ultimately to mitigate military bias against the media.; Lieutenant, United States Navy

Organizational structure for inter-agency information operations

Dougherty, Richard K.; Mir, Pablo F.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 221 p. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
The purpose of this thesis is to stimulate a discussion toward developing an all-encompassing Inter-agency Information Operations organization. The authors define an environment and identify theories that point toward the necessity of integrating Information Operations (10) throughout the U.S. Government (USG). The authors explore the feasibility of establishing and empowering an inter-agency organization that will monitor, evaluate and enforce all aspects of IO. Early forms of IO and their deployment are depicted in the historical backdrop of World War II. Concepts of renown futurists identify the importance of the information Age and the essential process to maximize its' full potential. A correlation between the current national security strategy and the IO environment strongly suggests the need for innovation. An overview of the current IO environment and USG organizations reveals a technological move toward inter-agency IO. Both the art and science sides of IO are incorporated into a new organization. OrgCon 7.0 is used to analyze the proposed IO organizational structure, which provides specific recommendations and defines misfits that must be addressed. The authors conclude that further work is required in modeling the organization via alternate software and a more in depth look is required in the area of National Security IO. The authors provide the essential goundwork for further research.

Naval Reserve support to information Operations Warfighting.

Sherwin, Michael E.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 60 p. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.08%
Since the mid-1990s, the Fleet Information Warfare Center (FIWC) has led the Navy's Information Operations (IO) support to the Fleet. Within the FIWC manning structure, there are in total 36 officer and 84 enlisted Naval Reserve billets that are manned to approximately 75 percent and located in Norfolk and San Diego Naval Reserve Centers. These Naval Reserve Force personnel could provide support to FIWC far and above what they are now contributing specifically in the areas of Computer Network Operations, Psychological Operations, Military Deception and Civil Affairs. Historically personnel conducting IO were primarily reservists and civilians in uniform with regular military officers being by far the minority. The Naval Reserve Force has the personnel to provide skilled IO operators but the lack of an effective manning document and training plans is hindering their opportunity to enhance FIWC's capabilities in lull spectrum IO. This research investigates the skill requirements of personnel in IO to verify that the Naval Reserve Force has the talent base for IO support and the feasibility of their expanded use in IO.

Information-generated effects

Gibbs, Stephen R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 45 p. : ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis researches three types of information-generated effects that are often observed in police operations: 1) anticipatory effects, 2) diffusion effects, and 3) residual effects. These information generated effects depict the fact that criminal activity often decreases before a new police operation starts, decreases outside the geographical areas where the police operations are occurring, and regularly remains lower for an extended period of time after an operation has concluded. These disruptions in criminal activity are thought to occur because of an increase in the perceptions of risk and uncertainty in response to information about changes in enforcement presence and activities. The purpose of this research is to propose that anticipatory effects, diffusion effects, and residual effects can be planned into counterinsurgency operations to increase their effectiveness. These effects might be achieved through the oscillatory use of information operations that target an insurgent's perceptions of risk and uncertainty about security force operations occurring in circumscribed areas.; US Army (USA) author

Information Operations versus civilian marketing and advertising a comparative analysis to improve IO planning and strategy

Chilton, Dan J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 81 p. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
The Global War on Terror is a conflict that cannot be confronted through traditional warfare alone. The U.S. Must re-focus its efforts on Information Operations to achieve GWOT objectives. In an environment where rapidly advancing technology is drastically improving the individual's ability to conduct IO against the U.S. and given the political and moral restrictions placed on U.S. military action, having the most powerful and technologically advanced capabilities in the world no longer guarantees success. The U.S. needs to develop highly effective Information Operations to win the support of the local populace before, during, and after major fighting in order to ensure a lasting victory. Current Information Operations strategies and tactics may be much more suited to achieve this through the use of civilian marketing and advertising fundamentals to organize, plan, and execute IO strategy. The objective of this work is to analyze and develop the concept of utilizing civilian advertising and marketing fundamentals for Information Operations planning and execution. This analysis focuses on the integration of traditional Information Operations planning, tactics, and strategies, with those known to be successful in American civilian marketing and advertising in order to create a more intuitive...

Requirements analysis for the development of digital library for the DoD Information Operations Center for Excellence (IOCFE)

Francis, Trisha
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 47 p. : ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
In a memo from Paul Wolfowitz, Deputy Secretary of Defense, "The Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) is hereby designated the DoD Information Operations Center for Excellence. In that capacity, NPS shall facilitate development of Information Operations as a core military competency and innovation." Commander, US Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) will serve as Operational Sponsor for the Center on behalf of the Combatant Commands. The Secretary of the Navy and Commander USSTRATCOM will develop a charter for the Center on Wolfowitz's approval, in coordination with the Under Secretaries of Defense for Policy and Intelligence, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and other DoD officials as appropriate. The charter will address oversight and activities of the Center, including graduate education, research, research opportunities, and transformation. As a tool to enhance the IOCFE USSTRATCOM is looking into the development of a digital library which will specifically provide resources for the Information Operations Community. This thesis conducts a preliminary requirements analysis for the development of a digital library. Successful development of this digital library is expected to effectively enhance the operational areas of Information Operations and Information Warfare within the Department of Defense.

Evaluation of the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) and SPARTAN SCOUT as Information Operations (IO) assets

Bromley, Joseph M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 63 p. : ill. (some col.)
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.11%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This thesis will address the planned configuration of Lockheed Martin's Flight Zero, Module Spiral Alpha Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) and the ongoing development of the SPARTAN SCOUT, one of the Navy's Unmanned Surface Vessels (USV). Technology currently available as well as developmental technologies will be recommended for implementation in order to make the LCS and SCOUT assets to Information Operations (IO) objectives. Specific technology will include Outboard, TARBS, HPM, Loudspeakers, LRAD and Air Magnet. This thesis will include an evaluation of the current policy for authorizing Information Operations missions, specifically in the areas of Psychological Operations (PSYOP) and Electronic Warfare (EW).; Lieutenant, United States Navy