Página 1 dos resultados de 240 itens digitais encontrados em 0.001 segundos

"O idealismo prático de Roberto Simonsen. Ciência, tecnologia e indústria na construção da nação" ; Le idéalisme pratique de Roberto Simonsen:science,technologie et industrie dans la construction de la Nation

Maza, Fábio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/05/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.34%
O objetivo central deste trabalho é analisar a obra do empresário e historiador Roberto Simonsen. No conjunto de discursos, palestras e conferências proferidas por Simonsen, dois temas aparecem de forma constante nas diversas fases de sua atuação. A nossa hipótese é que, por trás das propostas de industrialização defendidas por Simonsen, se achava uma determinada concepção de Ciência e tecnologia que iria servir de alicerce a uma maneira de pensar e agir, norteadora de sua prática empresarial e intelectual. Como, no decorrer de sua prática, forjou esta noção de Ciência e tecnologia e como esta concepção foi determinante em seu projeto político e industrialista, são as preocupações primeiras do desenvolvimento neste trabalho. A industrialização está diretamente ligada à construção da nação. O que pensamos ser possível contemplar, dos escritos e discursos de Simonsen, é que a criação da nação significava instrumentalizar o país com mecanismos econômicos racionais, elaborados com base em uma certa imagem mitificada da Ciência, como também na utilização de um amplo artefato técnico. Procuramos analisar como as concepções de Ciência e de tecnologia de Simonsen sustentavam a construção da nação em seu projeto político-industrialista. Para isto...

Novas soluções, velhas contradições: a dinâmica cíclica da industrialização em sua forma canteiro; New solutions, old contractions: the cyclical dynamics of the site industrialisation

Moura, André Drummond Soares de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.34%
Esta dissertação trata do desenvolvimento do processo produtivo da construção civil na produção de habitação no Brasil no período da Nova República. Busca compreender historicamente como se deu o processo de acumulação no setor a partir do avanço das forças produtivas e do conflito entre capital e trabalho. A indústria da construção civil é analisada a partir das singularidades de seu processo produtivo, materializado nos canteiros de obra e caracterizado pela variabilidade e flexibilidade de suas condicionantes. O percurso desta pesquisa perpassa o problema da produção de habitação e sua relação com a indústria da construção civil, suas diferentes estratégias de acumulação, formas de industrialização e de organização do trabalho. Diante da explosão da produção do setor nos anos 2000, busca entender a dinâmica produtiva nos atuais canteiros de obra através do estudo de três empresas construtoras. A análise das condições de produção atuais à luz de sua evolução histórica acaba por pontuar contradições, possibilidades e limites contidos na dinâmica cíclica de desenvolvimento da indústria da construção.; This dissertation outlines the development of the civil construction process in housing production in Brazil throughout the New Republic. It seeks to understand...

Modernização e desenvolvimentismo: formação das primeiras favelas de São Paulo e a favela do Vergueiro ; Modernization and development: formation of the first of São Paulo's favelas and the Vergueiro favela

Lara, Fernão Lopes Ginez de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/01/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.34%
Nessa dissertação tratamos da formação das primeiras favelas paulistanas e em especial da favela do Vergueiro (~1949-1969), como particularidade de um estudo sobre a constituição do capitalismo no Brasil em seu momento desenvolvimentista. Tomando o capitalismo como uma socialização crítica, considera-se a realização da acumulação como momento conceitual que nega a si mesmo, expresso pelo movimento de expulsão da fonte originadora do capital - o trabalho - através do desenvolvimento das forças produtivas. No Brasil, teria se dado uma industrialização sem ruptura completa da forma social, refletindo-se num processo posto em grande parte pelas necessidades de venda de mercadorias do departamento de bens de capital global. A periferia capitalista se expressaria por uma formação negativa do trabalho, expropriando trabalhadores/as e forçando sua mobilização para o trabalho, sem sua necessária incorporação como polo negativo do capital. Sem dispor de base de valorização produtiva, muitos investimentos capitalistas concentram-se na propriedade da terra através do mercado imobiliário, expresso na retenção de terras na cidade de São Paulo. No período analisado - meados de 1930 a 1970 - as favelas não eram tão significativas comparativamente à magnitude que o fenômeno viria a assumir a partir dos anos 1970; entretanto...

Post-feminist media, sexual techonologies and the industrialisation of difference

Matoso, Pedro Pinto Sales de Freitas
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 14/03/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.04%
Tese de doutoramento Psicologia (especialidade em Psicologia Social); Durante a última década, a sociedade portuguesa tornou-se cada vez mais recetiva à proliferação globalizada de mercados sexuais. Um ‘novo’ aparato de tecnologias do sexo – desde dildos (ou brinquedos sexuais) a drogas farmacêuticas – incorporou de modo significativo a cultura de consumo e a produção mediática portuguesa, muito particularmente quando dirigida às mulheres. A ‘feminização’ das indústrias do sexo é hoje um elemento preponderante na democratização do discurso sexual em Portugal, se não mesmo o lema central de uma renovada indústria da feminilidade onde os prazeres e os desejos aparecem cada vez mais liberalizados. Atenta a este processo de transformação histórica e social, esta tese interroga as políticas do corpo reproduzidas na mediatização portuguesa do consumo sexual conjugado no feminino. Conceptualmente apoiada sobre epistemologias feministas e queer, a pesquisa recorre uma metodologia Foucaultiana marcadamente genealógica para desmontar os discursos de uma indústria mediática com características muito particulares: revistas para mulheres e raparigas adolescentes. De acordo com esta premissa, a tese desenvolve-se em quatro estudos empíricos. Por um lado...

Regional Incomes in Portugal: Industrialisation, Integration and Inequality, 1890-1980

Badia-Miró, Marc; Guilera, Jordi; Lains, Pedro, 1959-
Fonte: Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales Publicador: Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.04%
The analysis of the evolution of the location of economic activity in Portugal between 1890 and 1980 depicts a strong concentration of productive activity in the coastal regions. We estimate data for regional GDP per capita, which show that the evolution of regional inequality followed an inverted U-curve, in line with that observed in other regions of Europe, but with a rather late peak, in 1970. The reasons for this behaviour may be found in the limits to industrialisation in the interior regions and the benefits generated by the agglomeration economies in the more developed coastal regions.

Effect of de-industrialisation on working conditions and self reported health in a sample of manufacturing workers

Ostry, A; Barroetavena, M; Hershler, R; Kelly, S; Demers, P; Teschke, K; Hertzman, D
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.04%
Design and Setting: This investigation is based on a sample of 3000 sawmill workers employed in 1979 (a year before the beginning de-industrialisation) and interviewed in 1998. The sample was obtained by random selection from an already gathered cohort of approximately 28 000 BC sawmill workers. Change in working conditions from 1979 to 1998 are described. Self reported health status, in 1998, was used as a dependent variable in logistic regression after controlling for confounders.

Promoting Sustainable Economic Growth and Industrialisation: Solution to Mass Unemployment and Poverty

Ogbimi, F E
Fonte: African Networks on Ethnomedicines Publicador: African Networks on Ethnomedicines
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/06/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.73%
This paper analysed the twin-problems of unemployment and poverty. The methodology adopted in the analyses was a combination of the historical and logico-mathematical research perspectives. The results showed that the technologically advanced nations (TANs) experienced mass unemployment, low productivity, high inflation and prevalent poverty problems for many centuries before they achieved industrial revolution (IR). When they achieved the modern IR, not only did the mass unemployment problem disappear, but also, there were not enough adults persons to fill the employment openings created by the industrialisation. Consequently, industrialists resorted to employing children who worked in factories for many hours everyday, and prevented them from receiving education. Unemployment and poverty, therefore are symptoms of stagnation and lack of industrialisation (the disease). The long-term solution to mass unemployment and poverty therefore is industrialisation, for there is no industrialised nation that is poor. The short-term solution is promoting sustainable economic growth and competence-building. However, because achieving sustainable economic growth, competence-building and industrialisation are learning processes, Nigeria and other developing nations need to develop good educational systems. They should also establish suitable frameworks for training university graduates...

Interaction of Soil Heavy Metal Pollution with Industrialisation and the Landscape Pattern in Taiyuan City, China

Liu, Yong; Su, Chao; Zhang, Hong; Li, Xiaoting; Pei, Jingfei
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.64%
Many studies indicated that industrialization and urbanization caused serious soil heavy metal pollution from industrialized age. However, fewer previous studies have conducted a combined analysis of the landscape pattern, urbanization, industrialization, and heavy metal pollution. This paper was aimed at exploring the relationships of heavy metals in the soil (Pb, Cu, Ni, As, Cd, Cr, Hg, and Zn) with landscape pattern, industrialisation, urbanisation in Taiyuan city using multivariate analysis. The multivariate analysis included correlation analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA), independent-sample T test, and principal component analysis (PCA). Geographic information system (GIS) was also applied to determine the spatial distribution of the heavy metals. The spatial distribution maps showed that the heavy metal pollution of the soil was more serious in the centre of the study area. The results of the multivariate analysis indicated that the correlations among heavy metals were significant, and industrialisation could significantly affect the concentrations of some heavy metals. Landscape diversity showed a significant negative correlation with the heavy metal concentrations. The PCA showed that a two-factor model for heavy metal pollution...

Pathways to Sustainable Industrial Transformations: Cooptimising Competitiveness, Employment, and Environment

Ashford, Nicholas; Hafkamp, Wim; Prakke, Frits; Vergragt, Philip
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.04%
The relationship between industrialisation and the effects on the environment has captured the serious attention of national governments and international organisations. In the Netherlands, a successive series of the National Environmental Policy Plans (NEPPs) have been conceived and implemented to guide environmentally sound development. Sustainability in products, processes, and services has been increasingly emphasised by placing environment at the center of some industrial transformations -- or at least on a par with competitiveness. The key to environmental sustainability was recognized early as involving the design and implementation of environmentally sound products, processes and services, rather than addressing environmental concerns as an afterthought in industrial systems. In the current formulation of NEPP 4, important changes from products to product-services and changes in systems, such as for energy, agriculture, and construction are receiving serious attention. Involvement in ‘transition management’ is becoming a central focus of future policy in The Netherlands.

Export-led industrialisation,employment and equity: the Malaysian case

Athukorala, Prema-Chandra; Menon, Jayant
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 65046 bytes; 348 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.34%
Malaysia is undoubtedly a development success story. Over the past decade or so rapid economic growth through export-led industrialisation has been accompanied by rising living standards and improvement in the distribution of income, ameliorating the twin problems of poverty and racial imbalances. The key lesson to come from the Malaysian experience is that in a small open economy, the task of achieving the apparently conflicting objectives of growth and equity is facilitated by a long-term commitment to outward-oriented trade and industrial policies.; no

Processed food exports from developing countries: patterns and determinants

Athukorala, Prema-Chandra; Sen, Kunal
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 85615 bytes; 349 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.04%
A noteworthy recent development in world trade is the rapid expansion of processed food exports. This development and its policy implications have received little attention in the literature on export-led industrialisation in developing countries (DCs). The purpose of this paper is to redress this oversight firstly by providing an overview of the growth patterns of processed food exports and then examining the determinants of inter-country differences in growth performance. The results point to the growing importance of food manufacturing as a dynamic export line for many DCs. There is also evidence that the policy regime is far more important than resource endowments and other country-specific factors in explaining inter-country differences in export success in this product area, as in the case of conventional manufactured exports.; no

Labour regime and industrialisation in the knowledge economy : the Japanese model and its possible hybridisation in other countries

Tremblay, Diane-Gabrielle; Rolland, David
Fonte: Asia Pacific Press Publicador: Asia Pacific Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 86089 bytes; 357 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.34%
Given the perceived role of Japanese Human Resources Management policies and labour regimes in fostering innovation and industrialisation, it is interesting to see whether these practices have or will spread beyond Japan. While the recent financial difficulties in Japan have brought this model into question, Japanese-style organisational methods and labour regime in human resources management have not been totally discredited. Many elements of the innovation system are still considered a source of strength and continue to provide a reference for future industrial development. This article starts by explaining the different dimensions of what has become known as the Japanese innovation system, highlighting the elements which appear pertinent in the modern economy. It then assesses which dimensions of the Japanese model have been retained in a foreign setting, Canada, and how Canadian emulators of the Japanese model compare with Japanese firms. The observation leads to a conclusion of continuity and transition. While many quality-oriented Canadian firms have moved towards the Japanese model of innovation and production organisation, these practices seem to have been substantially adapted to the local context.; yes

Manufacturing requirements in design: The RTM process in aeronautics

MOUTON, serge; TEISSANDIER, Denis; SEBASTIAN, Patrick; NADEAU, Jean-Pierre
Fonte: Arts et Métiers ParisTech Publicador: Arts et Métiers ParisTech
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.34%
A sub-unit of an aeronautical structure (fuselage, fin, wing, etc.) consists of a set of components fixed rigidly together. One of today’s major industrial challenges is to produce these sub-units out of composite materials in order to increase the level of integration and reduce and cost. This article describes a procedure to assist in the industrialisation of aeronautical components produced from composite materials in a design for manufacturing context. In a multi-expertise approach, the problem of optimising integration is combined with the feasibility of injection for the Resin Transfer Molding process. This approach then takes into account admissible manufacturing deviations, defined from a classification of the structure parts. The limits set for admissible deviations guarantee the mechanical behaviour of the assembled component and the requirements of the assembly as a whole. Finally, an industrialisation solutions space is defined. A constraint satisfaction problem solver is used to carry out this research with a spar from a horizontal plane in an aircraft used to illustrate the procedure.

Was Brazil's recent growth acceleration the world's most overrated boom?

Palma, Jose Gabriel
Fonte: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, UK Publicador: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, UK
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.52%
As soon as international financial markets felt reassured in 2003 by the surprisingly neoliberal orientation of President Lula?s government, the ?spot-the-new-Latin-tiger? financial brigade became dazzled by Brazil ? they just couldn?t have enough of it. So much so, that they had little difficulty in turning a blind eye to the obvious fact that (except for several commodities, finance, and a small number of other activities) Brazil?s economic performance since the beginning of neo-liberal reforms (c.1990) had been remarkably poor. This not only contrasted with its own performance pre-1980, but also with what was happening in Asia. I shall argue that the weakness of the new neo-liberal paradigm is rooted as much in its intrinsic flaws as in the particular way it was implemented. As in the rest of Latin America, Brazil?s economic reforms were undertaken primarily as a result of its perceived economic weaknesses ? i.e., there was an attitude of ?throwing in the towel? vis-?-vis the previous state-led import substituting industrialisation strategy, because most politicians and economists interpreted the 1982 debt crisis as conclusive evidence that it had led the region into a cul-de-sac. As Hirschman has argued, policy-making has a strong component of ?path-dependency?; as a result...

INDUSTRY AND INDUSTRIALISATION: WHAT HAS BEEN ACCOMPLISHED, WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE

Lewis, Colin M.
Fonte: Editora UFPR Publicador: Editora UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/04/2005 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.73%
Já se passaram 30 anos desde a publicação do seminal estudo sobre São Paulo de DEAN (1969). Esse trabalho desafiou uma afirmativa chave no paradigma – estruturalista – que dominava grande parte dos escritos sobre ciências sociais e sobre a história da América Latina. Ele também lançou dúvidas sobre aspectos igualmente centrais da abordagem que viria a se tonar ascendente, a dependentista, uma escola descrita como “histórico-estruturalista” (FISHLOW, 1988). Para os estudiosos baseados nas tradições cepalina e dependentista inicial, era uma verdade amplamente estabelecida que a industrialização da América Latina foi deflagrada pela crise mundial dos anos 30. O “modelo” pré-1929 (ou pré-1914) de crescimento liderado pelas exportações era apresentado como frustrando a industrialização ou como sendo contrário ao desenvolvimento (deve ser relembrado que, nesse tempo, a industrialização e o desenvolvimento eram entendidos como virtualmente sendo a mesma coisa). DEAN refutou esta ortodoxia, no mínimo no caso de São Paulo. Ele demonstrou que a atividade no setor manufatureiro era mais dinâmica durante os períodos de flutuações das exportações. Com a derrocada do estruturalismo e da dependência, amplamente preditos por seus críticos...

Industrialização e Substituição de Importações no Brasil e na Argentina: Uma Análise Histórica Comparada; Industrialisation and import substitution in Brazil and Argentina: a comparative historical analysis

Mattei, Lauro; PPGE/PUCRS; Júnior, José Aldoril dos Santos; PPGE/PUCRS
Fonte: Editora UFPR Publicador: Editora UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/03/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.34%
Neste trabalho faz-se um resgate histórico do processo de formaçãoindustrial no Brasil e na Argentina, retornando aos primórdios da industrializaçãodos séculos XIX e XX, mas focalizando sua atenção no modelo de industrializaçãopor substituição de importações. Neste caso, são destacadas as semelhançase as diferenças entre os dois países e realçadas as característicaseconômicas que guardam relações com a forma de estruturação desse modeloindustrial e com as saídas distintas encontradas por ambos, quando o longoperíodo de vigência das substituições de importações se esgotou. Como conclusãosimilar aos dois países aparece o fato de que ambos não conseguiram superarsua condição histórica de economias periféricas e dependentes de recursosexternos, apesar de terem transformado seus sistemas econômicos.; The paper draws a historical review of industrialisation processes inBrazil and Argentina. It goes back to the beginning of the 19th century, but focuseson the industrialisation through imports substitution model. The differencesbetween the two countries are emphasized in terms of economics characteristicsand industrial structures. The main conclusion is that neither countries managedto overcome their historical condition of peripherical economies in the worldeconomic system...

The political economy of industrialisation in Iran, 1973-1978.

Daneshkhu, Scheherazade
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.64%
This is a study of the impact of international political relations on the domestic economic policy choices of an oil-exporting developing country with special reference to the case of Iran during 1973-1978. These years began with the four-fold increase in oil prices and ended in revolution with the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah. The analysis is centered on the inter-relationship between the political and the economic to find an explanation for the Shah's decision to adopt a big push industrialisation strategy in 1974, against the advice of his technocrats, and the reasons for its failure. It is concentrated on two inter-related themes, the nature of the state and its role in the country's industrial development and the relationship between international political factors and domestic economic policy choices. It is argued that the international political dimension played a crucial part in the Shah's decision to adopt a big-push strategy but has usually been ignored. The Shah was an ambitious man who sought to purge the country's humiliations at the hands of the great powers - Britain, the former Soviet Union and the USA - by building up the country's military and economy through import substitution industrialisation, in the hope of propelling it into the league of top five world powers. Import-substitution industrialisation has fallen out of favour but we believe it can be a valid development strategy. Its shortcomings in Iran's case were mainly due to the form of its implementation. The economy was unable to absorb over-accumulated funds caused by the sudden increase in oil prices in late 1973. It was in this rush to industrialise...

Alternative industrial strategies and effects of fiscal incentives and trade policy in achieving employment objectives in Malaysian industrialisation.

Zainal-Abidin, Mahani
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1992 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.64%
This study is concerned with alternative industrial strategies for employment creation. The two strategies are export-oriented and import substitution industrialisation. Malaysia tried the import substitution strategy and achieved some degree of success in the period 1957 to 1970. But with high unemployment and the limitation of the domestic market, another strategy then had to be pursued. So in the early 1970s, (emulating the newly industrialised countries) Malaysia embarked on an export-oriented industrialisation strategy. Two instruments are used by the Malaysian government to promote those strategies; fiscal incentives and trade policy. The study finds that fiscal incentives have promoted export-oriented industrialisation. Trade policy initially helped import substitution but in later years the policy was liberialised to approach a free trade regime. The effects of these two instruments are examined through their influence on the cost of capital to manufacturers. The study finds that fiscal incentives have reduced capital cost much more than trade policy. The study then examines the manufacturing sector's ability to generate employment. Two methods are used; an estimation of elasticity of substitution and a case study of the characteristics of export-oriented and domestic-oriented establishments. The elasticity of substitution measures flexibility to absorb labour. The estimates show that export-oriented establishments have greater substitution possibilities than domestic-oriented ones. These estimates are substantiated by qualitative information...

Cronies, rents and import licenses: non-tariff trade controls throughout Import Substitution Industrialisation (ISI) in Mexico

Castañeda Valdez, Alejandro
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.34%
The thesis fills a gap in the literature about Import-substituting Industrialisation (ISI) by analysing non-tariff trade controls – mainly import licenses. The principal focus is on Mexico, a case that has not been analysed in detail. The core questions addressed include: which specific pattern licensing followed; what was the economic rationale behind such pattern; is there evidence that non-tariff controls were ‘captured’ that is, facilitating rent-seeking? In order to answer these questions, the project takes a qualitative and quantitative approach, using primary evidence gathered in archives as well as statistics from secondary sources, which are combined in novel ways. Chapter I reviews the literature on rent-seeking and on Mexican trade and industrial policies. Chapter II provides an overview of the macroeconomic context of ISI in Mexico. Chapter III presents the qualitative evidence, exploring the allocation of import licenses in nine industries, and shows how politically connected firms either obtained licenses (which gave them an advantage via cheaper inputs) or manage to block competing imports (thus earning monopoly rents). Chapter IV provides descriptive statistics of the licensing system, and demonstrates that the policy lacked internal consistency - the overwhelming majority of products were protected for far longer than officially specified...

The political economy of financing late development: credit, capital and industrialisation; Colombia 1940–67

Brando, Carlos
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.79%
Accounts of economic development during mid-twentieth century have been dominated by import-substituting industrialisation (ISI) and/or state-led industrialisation frameworks. is literature attaches considerable importance to such policy areas critical to manufacturing as: trade and tariffs, foreign exchange and the promotion of credit. According to this view, industrialisation became an official goal and in many developing economies governments committed to it seriously. Focusing on Colombia, this dissertation challenges conventional wisdom. It demonstrates that the Colombian state did not provide financial aid, or implement deliberate trade-protectionist support, for industrialists to the degree hitherto argued. A distinct political-economy configuration, in which small-scale agriculturalists, particularly coffee exporters, wielded significant power within the state, meant that the type of distortive pro-ISI macro policies pursued in other Latin American economies were eschewed. Industrialisation proceeded apace in Colombia, but this was chiefly a market- or private-led phenomenon. e methodology employed to substantiate this claim is not comparative, yet frequent references are made to other Latin American nations to serve as benchmarks and counterpoints. New archival material...