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Implementing restorative justice to address Indigenous youth recidivism and over-incarceration in the ACT: navigating law reform dynamics

Chua, Sarah; Foley, Tony
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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There is a recurrent and intensifying problem of over-incarceration and recidivism among Indigenous youths in Australia. Although less than five per cent of young Australians are Indigenous, they account for almost half of the youths in detention. The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare found that between 2009 and 2013 the level of Indigenous over-representation among detained youths increased from 26 to 31 times the non-Indigenous rate. The latest Indigenous disadvantage report corroborates this trend, finding that the daily average detention rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth increased sharply between 2000-01 and 2007-08 and remained high in 2012-13 at 365 per 100 000 10-17 year olds, around 24 times the rate for non-Indigenous youth. Moreover, Indigenous youth re-offending rates remain consistently high. Between 2003-08, 53 per cent of young Indigenous people who had been arrested were repeat offenders.

Indigenous Incarceration: Insights from those in the Criminal Justice System

Davidson, Ruth
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
2016 will mark 25 years since the final Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC) report was tabled. In the RCIADIC report, the disproportionately high levels of aboriginal deaths in custody were attributed to the significant over-representation of indigenous people in custody (Hammond et al. 1991, Nat Reports Vol 1, Ch. 1, 1.3). In the intervening years, despite significant government resources being allocated to the problem, the indigenous incarceration rate has continued to rise, with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) people ‘15 times more likely to be imprisoned than non-indigenous Australians’ (AHRC 2014, p100). The effects of the high level of indigenous incarceration are numerous, including but not limited to health impacts (PHAA 2010, p3), intergenerational impacts (Weatherburn 2014, p 8), a higher risk of recidivism ((Weatherburn 2014, p 8) and other socio economic impacts (Weatherburn 2014, p 8). The logical response to the continuing high rates of indigenous incarceration is to seek further information and perhaps alternative insights into why the problem continues to get worse. This research project seeks to add to the body of knowledge about the problem of indigenous incarceration through harnessing the opinions and expertise of those at the coal face...