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A pena e o cadafalso: observações sobre a literatura carcerária relativa ao período do Estado Novo; The sentence and the scaffold: comments on the incarceration literature in the period of New State

Poli Junior, Ovidio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/08/2009 PT
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Este trabalho tem por objetivo o estudo da literatura carcerária brasileira (escrita no cárcere ou sob a forma de reminiscência), com ênfase nos escritores que viveram durante o período do Estado Novo (1937-1945). A partir do exame de textos de caráter ficcional, epistolar e memorialístico, procuramos investigar como os autores operaram em suas obras a representação do cárcere, ou, mais precisamente, como refletiram sobre o universo carcerário e como o recriaram enquanto matéria literária. No âmbito historiográfico, procuramos demonstrar que o fenômeno do encarceramento percorre a história da literatura brasileira, sobretudo após a instauração do regime republicano. Trata-se de um trabalho de caráter panorâmico, que parte de apontamentos introdutórios para depois aprofundar-se nos autores inscritos no período referido anteriormente, situando mais detidamente alguns pontos que seriam comuns às suas obras e, ao final, procurando esboçar uma caracterização geral acerca da literatura carcerária brasileira. Acreditamos que o estudo dos escritos do cárcere constitui ocasião privilegiada para examinar a questão do resgate da memória histórica e da identidade individual enquanto fenômeno que conduziria à idéia de uma ética e de uma estética da resistência...

Closed circuits : kinship, neighborhood and incarceration in urban Portugal

Cunha, Manuela Ivone P. da
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 ENG
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The notion that prisons are a ‘world apart’, with their walls severing prisoners from their external relationships, and incarceration an interruption, ‘time away’ spent in a separate social universe, has provided an adequate framework for understanding the social realities of imprisonment in the past. But it has also created an analytical dead angle that prevents us from identifying the ramifying social effects of concentrated incarceration upon both the prison and heavily penalized lower-class neighborhoods. This article addresses these effects with data from an ethnographic revisit of a major women’s prison in Portugal, where the recomposition of the inmate population that has accompanied the rapid inflation of the country’s carceral population is especially pronounced and entails the activation of wide-ranging carceralized networks bringing kinship and neighborhood into the prison as well as the prison into the domestic world. The analysis focuses on the ways whereby these constellations have transformed the experience of confinement and the texture of correctional life, calling for a reconsideration of the theoretical status of the prison as a ‘total institution’ and for exploring anew the boundary that separates it (or not) from outside worlds.; Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research.

Incarceration and Risky Sexual Partnerships in a Southern US City

Khan, Maria R.; Wohl, David A.; Weir, Sharon S.; Adimora, Adaora A.; Moseley, Caroline; Norcott, Kathy; Duncan, Jesse; Kaufman, Jay S.; Miller, William C.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Incarceration is strongly associated with HIV infection and may contribute to viral transmission by disrupting stable partnerships and promoting high-risk partnerships. We investigated incarceration and STI/HIV-related partnerships among a community-based sample recruited for a sexual behavior interview while frequenting venues where people meet sexual partners in a North Carolina city (N = 373). Men reporting incarceration in the past 12 months were more likely than men without recent incarceration to experience multiple new sexual partnerships (unadjusted prevalence ratio [PR] 1.8, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1–3.1) and transactional sex defined as trading sex for money, goods, or services (unadjusted PR: 4.0, 95% CI: 2.3–7.1) in the past 4 weeks. Likewise, women who were ever incarcerated were more likely than never-incarcerated women to experience recent multiple new partnerships (unadjusted PR: 3.1, 95% CI: 1.8–5.4) and transactional sex (unadjusted PR: 5.3, 95% CI: 2.6–10.9). Sexual partnership in the past 12 months with someone who had ever been incarcerated versus with partners with no known incarceration history was associated with recent multiple new partnerships (men: unadjusted PR 2.0, 95% CI 1.4–2.9...

Incarceration and High-Risk Sex Partnerships among Men in the United States

Khan, Maria R.; Doherty, Irene A.; Schoenbach, Victor J.; Taylor, Eboni M.; Epperson, Matthew W.; Adimora, Adaora A.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Incarceration is associated with multiple and concurrent partnerships, which are determinants of sexually transmitted infections (STI), including HIV. The associations between incarceration and high-risk sex partnerships may exist, in part, because incarceration disrupts stable sex partnerships, some of which are protective against high-risk sex partnerships. When investigating STI/HIV risk among those with incarceration histories, it is important to consider the potential role of drug use as a factor contributing to sexual risk behavior. First, incarceration’s influence on sexual risk taking may be further heightened by drug-related effects on sexual behavior. Second, drug users may have fewer economic and social resources to manage the disruption of incarceration than nonusers of drugs, leaving this group particularly vulnerable to the disruptive effects of incarceration on sexual risk behavior. Using the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, we conducted multivariable analyses to estimate associations between incarceration in the past 12 months and engagement in multiple partnerships, concurrent partnerships, and unprotected sex in the past 12 months, stratified by status of illicit drug use (defined as use of cocaine, crack...

Is Incarceration a Contributor to Health Disparities? Access to Care of Formerly Incarcerated Adults

Kulkarni, Sonali P.; Baldwin, Susie; Lightstone, Amy S.; Gelberg, Lillian; Diamant, Allison L.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Despite the disproportionate prevalence of incarceration in communities of color, few studies have examined its contribution to health disparities. We examined whether a lifetime history of incarceration is associated with recent access to medical and dental care. We performed a secondary data analysis of the 2007 Los Angeles County Health Survey, a population-based random-digit-dialing telephone survey of county households. Any history of incarceration in a prison/jail/detention center as an adult was assessed for a random subsample. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses examined whether incarceration history was associated with access to care, controlling for other characteristics. Ten percent of our study population reported a history of incarceration. While persons with an incarceration history were similar to their peers with regard to health and insurance status, their access to medical and dental care was worse. Incarceration history was independently associated with disparities in access to care. Interventions to improve the health of communities affected by high rates of incarceration could include efforts that enable access to care for formerly incarcerated adults.

Dissolution of Primary Intimate Relationships during Incarceration and Implications for Post-release HIV Transmission

Khan, Maria R.; Behrend, Lindy; Adimora, Adaora A.; Weir, Sharon S.; White, Becky L.; Wohl, David A.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Incarceration is associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Incarceration may contribute to STI/HIV by disrupting primary intimate relationships that protect against high-risk relationships. Research on sexual network disruption during incarceration and implications for post-release sexual risk behavior is limited. We interviewed a sample of HIV-positive men incarcerated in North Carolina to assess how commonly inmates leave partners behind in the community; characteristics of the relationships; and the prevalence of relationship dissolution during incarceration. Among prison inmates, 52% reported having a primary intimate partner at the time of incarceration. In the period prior to incarceration, 85% of men in relationships lived with and 52% shared finances with their partners. In adjusted analyses, men who did not have a primary cohabiting partner at the time of incarceration, versus those did, appeared to have higher levels of multiple partnerships (adjusted prevalence ratio (PR), 1.5; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.9–2.6; p = 0.11) and sex trade, defined as giving or receiving sex for money, goods, or services (adjusted PR, 2.1; 95% CI 0.9–4.8; p = 0.08) in the 6 months prior to incarceration. Involvement in financially interdependent partnerships appeared to be associated with further reductions in risk behaviors. Of men in primary partnerships at the time of prison entry...

Parental Incarceration and Gender-based Risks for Increased Body Mass Index: Evidence From the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health in the United States

Roettger, Michael E.; Boardman, Jason D.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Although recent studies suggest that 13% of young adults, including at least one-fourth of African Americans, experience parental incarceration, little research has examined links between parental incarceration and physical health. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (1994–2008) and gender-based theories of stress, the authors examined whether parental incarceration is associated with increased body mass index among women but not men. Panel analysis spanning adolescence and adulthood, controlling for stressful life events, internalizing behaviors, and a range of individual, familial, and neighborhood characteristics, reveals that body mass index for women who have experienced parental incarceration is 0.49 units (P < 0.004) higher than that for women whose parents have never been incarcerated. This association is not evident among men. Similarly, in change score models between waves II and IV, women experiencing parental incarceration have a 0.92-unit increase in body mass index (P < 0.026) relative to women who did not have a parent undergo incarceration. In supplemental analysis examining if gender differences in incarceration stress response (externalizing vs. internalizing) explain these findings...

Overview of Substance Use Disorders and Incarceration of African American Males

Mukku, Venkata K.; Benson, Timothy G.; Alam, Farzana; Richie, William D.; Bailey, Rahn K.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/11/2012 EN
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Incarceration affects the lives of many African American men and often leads to poverty, ill health, violence, and a decreased quality of life. There has been an unprecedented increase in incarceration among African American males since 1970. In 2009, the incarceration rate among black males was 6.7 times that of white males and 2.6 times of Hispanic males. Substance abuse in African American males leads to higher mortality rates, high rates of alcohol-related problems, more likely to be victims of crimes, and HIV/AIDS. African Americans comprised only 14% of the U.S. population but comprised 38% of the jail population. The cost of incarcerating persons involved in substance related crimes has increased considerably over the past two decades in the U.S. A reduction in the incarceration rate for non-violent offences would save an estimated $17 billion per year. Substance use disorder makes the individual more prone to polysubstance use and leads to impulse control problems, selling drugs, and other crimes. The high rate of incarceration in U.S. may adversely affect health care, the economy of the country, and will become a burden on society. Implementation of good mental health care, treatment of addiction during and after incarceration will help to decrease the chances of reoffending. Therapeutic community programs with prison-based and specialized treatment facilities...

Exploring the relationship between incarceration and HIV among Black men who have sex with men in the United States

Brewer, Russell A.; Magnus, Manya; Kuo, Irene; Wang, Lei; Liu, Ting-Yuan; Mayer, Kenneth H.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/2014 EN
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This study examined the predictors of new incarceration and its association with HIV infection among 1,278 Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) enrolled and followed in the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 061 study. HPTN 061 was conducted to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a multi-component intervention to reduce HIV infection among BMSM in six U.S. cities. In the current study, multivariable logistic regression models were used to explore the association between incarceration during study follow-up and several demographic, behavioral, and psychosocial variables at baseline found to be significant in bivariate analyses. In addition, Cox proportional hazard regression was used to explore the association between incarceration during study follow-up and incident HIV infection. Among the 1,278 BMSM with follow-up data, 305 (24%) reported a new incarceration within one year of entering the study with an estimated incarceration incidence of 35% (95% CI: 31% - 38%). After adjusting for confounders, lower education, lower annual income, previous incarceration frequency, and higher levels of perceived racism were significantly associated with new incarcerations during study follow-up. There was no observed association between incarceration during study follow-up and incident HIV infection. The very high level of new incarcerations highlight the importance of structural-level interventions to prevent incarceration among economically disenfranchised Black MSM in the United States.

Children’s Experiences of Maternal Incarceration-Specific Risks: Predictions to Psychological Maladaptation

Dallaire, Danielle H.; Zeman, Janice L.; Thrash, Todd M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Children of incarcerated mothers are at increased risk for social and emotional difficulties, yet few studies have investigated potential mechanisms of risk within this population. This research simultaneously examined the association of children’s experience of incarceration-specific risk factors (e.g., witness mother’s arrest) and environmental risks (e.g., low educational attainment) to children’s psychological maladaptation using a multi-informant design and a latent variable analytic approach. Participants were 117 currently incarcerated mothers (64.1% African American), their 151 children (53.6% boys, M age =9.8 years, range =6–12 years, 61.7% African American), and the 118 caregivers (74.8% female, 61.9% grandparents, 62.2% African American) of the children. Mothers, children, and caregivers each provided accounts of children’s experiences related to maternal incarceration and children’s internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Mothers and caregivers each supplied information about 10 environmental risk factors. Findings from structural equation modeling indicate that children’s incarceration-specific risk experiences predict internalizing and externalizing behavior problems whereas the influence of environmental risks was negligible. Follow-up analyses examining the contribution of specific risks indicate that significant predictors differ by reporter and separate into effects of family incarceration history and direct experiences of maternal incarceration. Incarceration-specific experiences place children at higher risk for maladjustment than exposure to general environmental risk factors. These findings indicate the need to critically examine children’s exposure to experiences related to maternal incarceration and family incarceration history to help to clarify the multifaceted stressor of maternal incarceration.

Implementing restorative justice to address Indigenous youth recidivism and over-incarceration in the ACT: navigating law reform dynamics

Chua, Sarah; Foley, Tony
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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There is a recurrent and intensifying problem of over-incarceration and recidivism among Indigenous youths in Australia. Although less than five per cent of young Australians are Indigenous, they account for almost half of the youths in detention. The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare found that between 2009 and 2013 the level of Indigenous over-representation among detained youths increased from 26 to 31 times the non-Indigenous rate. The latest Indigenous disadvantage report corroborates this trend, finding that the daily average detention rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth increased sharply between 2000-01 and 2007-08 and remained high in 2012-13 at 365 per 100 000 10-17 year olds, around 24 times the rate for non-Indigenous youth. Moreover, Indigenous youth re-offending rates remain consistently high. Between 2003-08, 53 per cent of young Indigenous people who had been arrested were repeat offenders.

Indigenous Incarceration: Insights from those in the Criminal Justice System

Davidson, Ruth
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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2016 will mark 25 years since the final Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC) report was tabled. In the RCIADIC report, the disproportionately high levels of aboriginal deaths in custody were attributed to the significant over-representation of indigenous people in custody (Hammond et al. 1991, Nat Reports Vol 1, Ch. 1, 1.3). In the intervening years, despite significant government resources being allocated to the problem, the indigenous incarceration rate has continued to rise, with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) people ‘15 times more likely to be imprisoned than non-indigenous Australians’ (AHRC 2014, p100). The effects of the high level of indigenous incarceration are numerous, including but not limited to health impacts (PHAA 2010, p3), intergenerational impacts (Weatherburn 2014, p 8), a higher risk of recidivism ((Weatherburn 2014, p 8) and other socio economic impacts (Weatherburn 2014, p 8). The logical response to the continuing high rates of indigenous incarceration is to seek further information and perhaps alternative insights into why the problem continues to get worse. This research project seeks to add to the body of knowledge about the problem of indigenous incarceration through harnessing the opinions and expertise of those at the coal face...

The Effectiveness of Incarceration-Based Drug Treatment on Criminal Behavior: A Systematic Review

Mitchell, Ojmarrh; Wilson, David B.; MacKenzie, Doris L.
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Aufsatz; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
EN
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Many, if not most, incarcerated offenders have substance abuse problems. Without effective treatment, these substance-abusing offenders are likely to persist in non-drug offending. The period of incarceration offers an opportunity to intervene in the cycle of drug abuse and crime. Although many types of incarceration-based drug treatment programs are available (e.g., therapeutic communities and group counseling), the effectiveness of these programs is unclear. The objective of this research synthesis is to systematically review quasi-experimental and experimental (RCT) evaluations of the effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment programs in reducing post-release recidivism and drug relapse. A secondary objective of this synthesis is to examine variation in effectiveness by programmatic, sample, and methodological features. In this update of the original 2006 review (see Mitchell, Wilson, and MacKenzie, 2006), studies made available since the original review were included in an effort to keep current with emerging research. This synthesis of evaluations of incarceration-based drug treatment programs found that such programs are modestly effective in reducing recidivism. These findings most strongly support the effectiveness of therapeutic communities...

ASSIMILATION THROUGH INCARCERATION: THE GEOGRAPHIC IMPOSITION OF CANADIAN LAW OVER INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

Jacobs, Madelaine Christine
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
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The disproportionate incarceration of indigenous peoples in Canada is far more than a socio-economic legacy of colonialism. The Department of Indian Affairs (DIA) espoused incarceration as a strategic instrument of assimilation. Colonial consciousness could not reconcile evolving indigenous identities with projects of state formation founded on the epistemological invention of populating idle land with productive European settlements. The 1876 Indian Act instilled a stubborn, albeit false, categorization deep within the structures of the Canadian state: “Indian,” ward of the state. From “Indian” classification conferred at birth, the legal guardianship of the state was so far-reaching as to make it akin to the control of incarcerated inmates. As early iterations of the DIA sought to enforce the legal dominion of the state, “Indians” were quarantined on reserves until they could be purged of indigenous identities that challenged colonial hegemony. Reserve churches, council houses, and schools were symbolic markers as well as practical conveyors of state programs. Advocates of Christianity professed salvation and taught a particular idealized morality as prerequisites to acceptable membership in Canadian society. Agricultural instructors promoted farming as a transformative act in the individual ownership of land. Alongside racializing religious edicts and principles of stewardship...

THE IMPACT OF THE RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM AND INTERGENERATIONAL TRAUMA UPON THE INCARCERATION OF ABORIGINALS

GAUTHIER, MICHAEL J
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
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This was a qualitative research study involving Aboriginal offenders at a Federal institution in the Ontario Region. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the Aboriginal offenders‘ perspectives on their experiences that led to their incarceration. The major research questions guiding this study include: 1. What experiences do Aboriginal offenders feel contributed to their incarceration? 2. What do Aboriginal offenders feel could have prevented their incarceration? 3. How do Aboriginal offenders describe their experiences with the Residential School and child welfare systems? 4. What are the Aboriginal offenders' perspectives on their experiences with CSC‘s healing and intervention programs? One of the goals of this study was to provide information to CSC to improve the reintegration programs and help Aboriginal offenders become law abiding citizens. The data was collected from individual interviews, which was analyzed in detail to develop themes. The analyses sought for stories that captured the depth of the experiences that led to the Aboriginal offenders‘ incarcerations. This study provided the personal perspective of the offenders as to how the Residential School and child welfare system have impacted their lives, and offers some insight into the over-representation of Aboriginal offenders in the prison system. This study also demonstrated how the socio-economic situation of these Aboriginal offenders played a role in their path towards prison. It is important to capture the voices of the iii Aboriginal offenders‘ experiences towards incarceration. Their stories offer ways to help other Aboriginal people. We must have Aboriginal community members involved in the lives of Aboriginal youth to prevent them from getting into trouble...

Une injustice programmée? : le point de vue des personnes itinérantes sur leur judiciarisation et leur incarcération

Raffestin, Isabelle
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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Cette recherche s'intéresse aux perceptions des personnes itinérantes sur leur judiciarisation et leurs incarcérations. La judiciarisation s'opère suite à la remise de constats d'infractions en lien avec les règlementations municipales de la ville, celles de la Société des Transports de Montréal ainsi que le Code de Sécurité Routière. Elle relève donc de la procédure pénale, par opposition au code criminel et concerne des infractions mineures, souvent en lien avec des incivilités. Ultimement, la judiciarisation conduit à l'emprisonnement faute de paiement de l'amende. L'objectif de cette recherche est de mieux comprendre les perceptions à partir d'une compréhension des effets au plan matériel, des relations entretenues avec les différents acteurs socio-judiciaires et du regard que les personnes portent sur la justice à partir de leur expérience. Ancrée dans un cadre théorique fondé sur la reconnaissance (Honneth, 2000), l'expérience de judiciarisation et de l'incarcération est conçue et révélatrice d'un rapport entre la personne itinérante et le système de justice. Pour réaliser cette étude, deux méthodologies complémentaires ont été utilisées. La première s'appuie sur 29 entrevues réalisées avec des personnes itinérantes...

Historical Origins of Racial Inequality in Incarceration in the United States

Muller, Christopher Michael
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
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This dissertation consists of three essays on the historical roots of racial disparity in incarceration in the United States. The first essay examines the origins of racial inequality in convict leasing in the postbellum U.S. South. Following emancipation, white southerners feared two primary challenges to the region's agricultural economy and social order: African Americans' flight from farms to cities, and African Americans' ability to procure land. In their capacities as accusers and jurors, white civilians exercised considerable discretion over the arrest and conviction of African Americans for minor offenses such as property crimes. Using archival administrative records of the Georgia convict lease system, combined with the complete 1880 U.S. Census, I find that African-American men living in urban counties or in counties where the per-capita value of land owned by African Americans was high were much more likely to be incarcerated for property crimes than similar individuals in rural counties or in counties where African Americans were largely excluded from landownership. The second essay traces a portion of the rise of racial inequality in incarceration in northern and southern states to increasing rates of African-American migration to the North between 1880 and 1950. It employs three analytical strategies. First...

Children's Antisocial Behavior, Mental Health, Drug Use, and Educational Performance After Parental Incarceration: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Murray, Joseph; Farrington, David P.; Sekol, Ivana
Fonte: American Psychological Association Publicador: American Psychological Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Unprecedented numbers of children experience parental incarceration worldwide. Families and children of prisoners can experience multiple difficulties after parental incarceration, including traumatic separation, loneliness, stigma, confused explanations to children, unstable childcare arrangements, strained parenting, reduced income, and home, school, and neighborhood moves. Children of incarcerated parents often have multiple, stressful life events before parental incarceration. Theoretically, children with incarcerated parents may be at risk for a range of adverse behavioral outcomes. A systematic review was conducted to synthesize empirical evidence on associations between parental incarceration and children's later antisocial behavior, mental health problems, drug use, and educational performance. Results from 40 studies (including 7,374 children with incarcerated parents and 37,325 comparison children in 50 samples) were pooled in a meta-analysis. The most rigorous studies showed that parental incarceration is associated with higher risk for children's antisocial behavior, but not for mental health problems, drug use, or poor educational performance. Studies that controlled for parental criminality or children's antisocial behavior before parental incarceration had a pooled effect size of OR = 1.4 (p < .01)...

Incarceration, Romantic Relationships, and the Perspectives of African American Men

Nzewi, Ogechi
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 10/12/2010 EN_US
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Black men are the American demographic group that is both least likely to be married and the most likely to be incarcerated. As a result, the phenomena of unprecedentedly high incarceration rates and low marriage percentages intersect in these men’s lives to provide potentially important insights about the ways in which a past criminal record affects future social arrangements and options. These insights are important because they enhance the research that has been done on this overlap in phenomena by providing the perspective of both genders. In addition, and perhaps more importantly, the truth about the effect of incarceration on romantic relationships and household structure has strong relevance for policymakers that have already identified African American romantic relationships as an issue for policy.

The Economic Impacts of the Penal System Performance: virtual life, isolation and mass incarceration; ; Os impactos econômicos da atuação do sistema penal: vida virtual, isolamento e encarceramento em massa

Graziano Sobrinho, Sergio Francisco Carlos; Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
Fonte: Fundação José Arthur Boiteux Publicador: Fundação José Arthur Boiteux
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2014 POR
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2014v35n69p133This article aims to understand the role of the criminal justice system from the incarceration rates of the past 20 years, interacting economic concept of profit maximization with the criminological discourse of selectivity of the penal system. The discourse transformations in the field of criminal policy, characterized by a constant and strong prosecution, passing “penal welfarism” (correction) the increase in punishment, suffer significant interference from the economic model, in particular modulating the practices of incarceration with private interests, producing a significant increase in incarceration rates, permanent selectivity of action of the penal system and the changes in both the contemporary way of life as the action of the organs and structures of control and criminal justice.; ; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2014v35n69p133Este artigo objetiva compreender a atuação do sistema penal brasileiro a partir dos índices de encarceramento dos últimos 20 anos, interagindo o conceito econômico da maximização dos lucros com o discurso criminológico da seletividade do sistema penal. As transformações discursivas no campo das políticas criminais...