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A influência da formação de impressões no processo de seleção de pessoas

Dourado, Ana Daniela Coentrão
Fonte: [s.n.] Publicador: [s.n.]
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
Dissertação apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Psicologia, especialização em Psicologia do Trabalho e das Organizações; Este estudo pretende alertar profissionais e futuros profissionais responsáveis pela seleção de pessoas, sobre a influência que uma primeira impressão pode causar neste processo. Desta forma, na presente investigação procuramos verificar se a informação não relevante para o desempenho de uma função (candidato ser ou não atraente) e o diferente estado de humor do selecionador (positivo, negativo ou neutro) tem impacto na formação de impressões e por consequência influência na tomada de decisão do selecionador. Assim, para este estudo 121 participantes assumiram o papel de selecionadores num processo de seleção de pessoas. Apesar da dificuldade sentida durante a tarefa experimental na indução dos diferentes estados de humor nos participantes, constatamos que os resultados deste estudo foram semelhantes a estudos já realizados. A aparência física influência na formação de impressões, em que as pessoas fisicamente mais atraentes são vistas como tendo traços socialmente desejados, refletindo-se na decisão final. Ainda...

Conditional activation of associative semantic structures:forming and transmitting impressions of personality

Nunes, Ludmila Duarte da Silva
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.5%
Tese de doutoramento, Psicologia (Cognição Social), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia, 2012; In the presented line of research we intended to systematically study the importance of memory to the formation and transmission of impressions of personality. We consider that impressions of personality are grounded in associative structures (e.g., Asch, 1946), which should be prone to similar memory distortions that other associative memory structures are (e.g., Roediger& McDermott, 1995). These distortions, which are a performance cost of flexible structures that allow us to adapt to the world (e.g., Howe, 2011), should also influence the transmission of information. More specifically, when information is retrieved from memory and transmitted serially between people, the information should be progressively changed by individual memory distortions, which must reflect previous representations of the transmitted concepts (Bartlett, 1932). In a set of five studies we investigated the susceptibility of the associative structure underlying impression formation to memory biases, using an adaptation of the DRM paradigm (Roediger& McDermott, 1995); the organization of personality traits in memory and the classic impression formation effects of centrality and primacy; and the pattern of distortions implied in serial transmission of personality traits. Our results pointed that a paradigm typically used to study memory can be adapted to study impression formation and that the beliefs that people hold about others’ personalities can be represented by an associative memory structure that is susceptible to memory distortions. Also...

Diz-me onde trabalhas e dir-te-ei quem és : efeitos da identidade percebida das organizações nas impressões dos seus colaboradores

Carvalho, Maria Inês Ramos Cavalheiro de Sá
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.2%
Tese de mestrado, Psicologia (Cognição Social Aplicada), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia, 2013; O estudo da identidade aplicada a contexto organizacional é um campo em grande expansão. Da Psicologia à Economia, os autores cada vez mais reconhecem a capacidade desta investigação em dar conta dos processos, sobretudo relacionais, do local de trabalho. Sabemos que a identificação à organização favorece o desempenho dos colaboradores, mas também sabemos que esta identificação nem sempre se dá rem relação à organização como um todo, mas, mais frequentemente, ao grupo de trabalho (por exemplo, um departamento). Posto isto, as evidências de que dispomos vão todas no sentido de reconhecer o impacto que o individuo sente derivado da sua identificação à organização. Por outro lado, neste estudo pretendemos perceber como é que variações percebidas na identidade da organização se podem traduzir em variações na percepção que temos dos seus colaboradores, i.e., na impressão da sua personalidade. Mais ainda, se a presença de grupos de trabalho mais ou menos entitativos e diferenças no tamanho da organização também têm um impacto. Assim, definimos como hipóteses que: 1) o tamanho da organização influencia a percepção da identificação...

Taking a closer look: On the operation of nonconscious impression formation

Mc Culloch, Kathleen C.; Ferguson, Melissa J.; Kawada, Christie C. K.; Bargh, John A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.52%
In this article we analyzed the information processing that underlies nonconscious impression formation. In the first experiment, the nonconscious activation of the impression formation goal led to a faster analysis of the trait implications of behaviors, compared with a control group. In Experiment 2, participants who were nonconsciously primed with an impression formation goal were more likely than those in a control condition to form associations in memory between behaviors and implied traits. In Experiment 3, nonconsciously primed participants were more sensitive than those in a control condition to whether inconsistent trait information was relevant or irrelevant to the actor’s disposition. Moreover, in Experiments 2 and 3, those with a nonconscious goal showed just as much evidence of impression formation as those who were consciously and intentionally trying to form an impression. Implications for nonconscious goal pursuit and impression formation are discussed.

Late Carboniferous paleoichnology reveals the oldest full-body impression of a flying insect

Knecht, Richard J.; Engel, Michael S.; Benner, Jacob S.
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.14%
Insects were the first animals to evolve powered flight and did so perhaps 90 million years before the first flight among vertebrates. However, the earliest fossil record of flying insect lineages (Pterygota) is poor, with scant indirect evidence from the Devonian and a nearly complete dearth of material from the Early Carboniferous. By the Late Carboniferous a diversity of flying lineages is known, mostly from isolated wings but without true insights into the paleoethology of these taxa. Here, we report evidence of a full-body impression of a flying insect from the Late Carboniferous Wamsutta Formation of Massachusetts, representing the oldest trace fossil of Pterygota. Through ethological and morphological analysis, the trace fossil provides evidence that its maker was a flying insect and probably was representative of a stem-group lineage of mayflies. The nature of this current full-body impression somewhat blurs distinctions between the systematics of traces and trace makers, thus adding to the debate surrounding ichnotaxonomy for traces with well-associated trace makers.

Forming a negative impression of another person correlates with activation in medial prefrontal cortex and amygdala

Iidaka, Tetsuya; Harada, Tokiko; Sadato, Norihiro
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.28%
Neural correlates involved in the formation of negative impression from face were investigated using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging and a partial conditioning paradigm. Eighteen normal volunteers underwent imaging while they viewed the faces of two unfamiliar individuals: one individual’s face was partially accompanied by negative emotion but the other’s was not. After the volunteers learned the relationship between the faces and the emotion, they formed a more negative impression of the person’s face when the emotion was presented. Subtraction analysis of the individuals’ neutral faces revealed activation in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and superior temporal sulcus, but this activity did not correlate with the change of impression from face. On the other hand, the response in the left amygdala negatively correlated with the change of impression from face in the first run. Time modulation analysis revealed that activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex associated with negative emotion was the largest in the initial part of the acquisition. These results suggest that a negative impression from face may be formed by orchestrated activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and amygdala...

Lateral Orbitofrontal Cortex Involvement in Initial Negative Aesthetic Impression Formation

Munar, Enric; Nadal, Marcos; Rosselló, Jaume; Flexas, Albert; Moratti, Stephan; Maestú, Fernando; Marty, Gisèle; Cela-Conde, Camilo J.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.23%
It is well established that aesthetic appreciation is related with activity in several different brain regions. The identification of the neural correlates of beauty or liking ratings has been the focus of most prior studies. Not much attention has been directed towards the fact that humans are surrounded by objects that lead them to experience aesthetic indifference or leave them with a negative aesthetic impression. Here we explore the neural substrate of such experiences. Given the neuroimaging techniques that have been used, little is known about the temporal features of such brain activity. By means of magnetoencephalography we registered the moment at which brain activity differed while participants viewed images they considered to be beautiful or not. Results show that the first differential activity appears between 300 and 400 ms after stimulus onset. During this period activity in right lateral orbitofrontal cortex (lOFC) was greater while participants rated visual stimuli as not beautiful than when they rated them as beautiful. We argue that this activity is associated with an initial negative aesthetic impression formation, driven by the relative hedonic value of stimuli regarded as not beautiful. Additionally, our results contribute to the understanding of the nature of the functional roles of the lOFC.

Emotion in the Neutral Face: A Mechanism for Impression Formation?

Adams, Reginald B.; Nelson, Anthony J.; Soto, José A.; Hess, Ursula; Kleck, Robert E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The current work examined contributions of emotion-resembling facial cues to impression formation. There exist common facial cues that make people look male or female, emotional, and from which we derive personality inferences. We first conducted a Pilot study to assess these effects. We found that neutral female versus neutral male faces were rated as more submissive, affiliative, naïve, honest, cooperative, babyish, fearful, happy, and less angry than neutral male faces. In our Primary Study, we then “warped” these same neutral faces over their corresponding anger and fear displays so the resultant facial appearance cues now structurally resembled emotion while retaining a neutral visage (e.g., no wrinkles, furrows, creases etc.). The gender effects found in the Pilot Study were replicated in the Primary Study, suggesting clear stereotype driven impressions. Critically, ratings of the neutral-over-fear warps versus neutral-over-anger warps also revealed a profile similar to the gender-based ratings, revealing perceptually driven impressions directly attributable to emotion overgeneralization.

Downplaying Positive Impressions: Compensation Between Warmth and Competence in Impression Management

Holoien, Deborah Son; Fiske, Susan T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
The compensation effect demonstrates a negative relationship between the dimensions of warmth and competence in impression formation in comparative contexts. However, does compensation between warmth and competence extend to impression management? Two studies examined whether people actively downplay their warmth in order to appear competent and downplay their competence in order to appear warm. In Studies 1a and 1b, participants selected words pretested to be high or low in warmth and competence to include in an e-mail message to people they wanted to impress. As predicted, participants downplayed their competence when they wanted to appear warm (Study 1a) and downplayed their warmth when they wanted to appear competent (Study 1b). In Studies 2a and 2b, compensation also occurred when participants introduced themselves to another person, as evidenced by the questions they selected to answer about themselves, their self-reported goals, and their open-ended introductions. Compensation occurred uniquely between warmth and competence and not for other dimensions, such as healthiness (Study 2a) and political interest (Study 2b), which suggests that the compensation effect extends beyond a mere zero-sum exchange between dimensions.

Sometimes Happy People Focus on the Trees and Sad People Focus on the Forest: Context-Dependent Effects of Mood in Impression Formation

Hunsinger, Matthew; Isbell, Linda M.; Clore, Gerald L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
Research indicates that affect influences whether people focus on categorical or behavioral information during impression formation. One explanation is that affect confers its value on whatever cognitive inclinations are most accessible in a given situation. Three studies tested this malleable mood effects hypothesis, predicting that happy moods should maintain and unhappy moods should inhibit situationally dominant thinking styles. Participants completed an impression formation task that included categorical and behavioral information. Consistent with the proposed hypothesis, no fixed relation between mood and processing emerged. Whether happy moods led to judgments reflecting category-level or behavior-level information depended on whether participants were led to focus on the their immediate psychological state (i.e., current affective experience; Studies 1 and 2) or physical environment (i.e., an unexpected odor; Study 3). Consistent with research on socially situated cognition, these results demonstrate that the same affective state can trigger entirely different thinking styles depending on the context.

The Valence of Self-Generated (Status Updates) and Other-Generated (Wall-Posts) Information Determines Impression Formation on Facebook

Rosenthal-Stott, Harriet E. S.; Dicks, Rea E.; Fielding, Lois S.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 18/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.5%
We examined whether self-generated (status updates) or other-generated (wall-posts) information on Facebook influenced the impression formed of the target individual. Along with examining reliance on particular types of information, we explored the valence (positive/ neutral/ negative) of the information, as reliance on self-generated or other-generated information may depend on whether self-presentation is perceived (i.e., presenting oneself positively / not negatively). Self-presentation may be perceived if the targets have positive/ neutral statuses, while negative statuses would indicate a lack of self-presentation. In line with previous research, participants should rely on other-generated information (wall-posts) to form an impression when participants are viewed to have self-presented (positive / neutral status updates), as this information could be viewed as unreliable. Forty participants rated nine Facebook profiles where statuses and wall-posts portrayed personality traits varying in valence. Each profile consisted of a neutral profile photo, three status updates (all positive, negative, or neutral) and three wall-posts (all positive, negative, or neutral). Materials were established in two pilots. Impression formation was measured as perceived social...

Outcome dependency alters the neural substrates of impression formation

Ames, Daniel L.; Fiske, Susan T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
How do people maintain consistent impressions of other people when other people are often inconsistent? The present research addresses this question by combining recent neuroscientific insights with ecologically meaningful behavioral methods. Participants formed impressions of real people whom they met in a personally involving situation. fMRI and supporting behavioral data revealed that outcome dependency (i.e., depending on another person for a desired outcome) alters previously identified neural dynamics of impression formation. Consistent with past research, a functional localizer identified a region of dorsomedial PFC previously linked to social impression formation. In the main task, this ROI revealed the predicted patterns of activity across outcome dependency conditions: greater BOLD response when information confirmed (vs. violated) social expectations if participants were outcome-independent and the reverse pattern if participants were outcome-dependent. We suggest that, although social perceivers often discount expectancy-disconfirming information as noise, being dependent on another person for a desired outcome focuses impression-formation processing on the most diagnostic information, rather than on the most tractable information.

Se te pareces com um bebé, vou tratar-te como um bebé : Impressões implícitas e explícitas da maturidade facial

Oliveira, Manuel José Barbosa de
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário; Impressões formadas com base na maturidade facial, foram acedidas por meio de medidas implícitas e explícitas, em dois estudos. Com o objectivo de aceder às atitudes associadas à maturidade facial, o primeiro estudo recorreu a medidas de associação explícitas e a um IAT atitudinal, que confirmaram uma atitude positiva explícita e implícita face à babyfaceness. Tendo por base as dimensões fundamentais da percepção social (social e intelectual), o segundo estudo averiguou como estas se associam à maturidade facial, por meio de medidas de associação explícita e de dois IATs correspondentes a cada uma das dimensões, em duas condições experimentais definidas pelo contra-balanceamento da ordem de aplicação dos IATs. Os resultados confirmaram a associação explícita da babyfaceness com a dimensão social positiva e intelectual negativa, existente na literatura. Ao nível implícito, resultados inesperados sugeriram que a associação entre a maturidade facial e a dimensão intelectual é dependente do contexto, emergindo apenas na presença de uma activação prévia de associações com a dimensão social. Os dados revelaram ainda uma associação implícita entre babyfaceness e a dimensão intelectual positiva...

Beyond the information given : capacity, context and the categorization process in impression formation

Reynolds, Katherine Jane
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.66%
This thesis exammes the impression formation process, with particular reference to the distinction between individuated and stereotypic impression formation. The emphasis is on issues such as: What factors influence our impressions? When are impressions based on a person's individual qualities? When do we form stereotypic impressions of others? What processes underpin the formation of more individuated or stereotypic impressions? Two theoretical perspectives, social cognition and self-categorization theory, offer divergent explanations of the impression formation process and are the theoretical and empirical focus of the thesis. The argument developed in recent impression formation models based on the social coguition approach is that there are two impression formation processes. Categorization is defined as the process used to form stereotypic impressions, and a categorization-free process is thought to underlie individuated impression formation. Whether one process or the other operates is determined by motivational factors which impact on the level of attention allocated to impression formation, such that increased attention is inversely related to stereotyping. Alternatively, self-categorization theory argues that the types of impressions we form of others are the product of the relational...

The Causes and Effects of Inferences of Impression Management in Consumption

Pancer, Ethan Leigh
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.45%
Observers frequently make inferences of what consumers are like based on the products they use. The general view in social cognition is that the consumption behavior of others is taken at face value, where observers do not question the image being portrayed by product users. This assumption persists even though it is well known that consumers use products to manage the images they create. This dissertation aims to enrich our understanding of this issue by arguing that, under certain conditions, observers will make the inference that consumers use products to deliberately try to create certain impressions (i.e., perceptions as being phony, fake, or a poseur). Specifically, these inferences will undermine the impression, creating more negative attitudes towards the consumer. In fact, this dissertation argues that this inference can also play an important role in consumer decision making, impacting product evaluations directly (i.e., when consumers avoid products because they are concerned that others will infer they are impression managing). Five experiments examined elements of the product, the target, the situation, and the observer themselves to better understand the causes and effects of inferences of impression management. Taken as a whole...

Medial prefrontal dissociations during processing of trait diagnostic and nondiagnostic person information

Mitchell, Jason P.; Cloutier, Jasmin; Banaji, Mahzarin R.; Macrae, C. Neil
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.3%
Previous research has suggested that perceivers spontaneously extract trait-specific information from the behaviour of others. However, little is known about whether perceivers spontaneously engage in the same depth of social-cognitive processing for all person information or reserve such processing specifically for information that conveys diagnostic clues about another person's dispositions. Moreover, a question remains as to whether the processing of such nondiagnostic information can be affected by perceivers’ explicit goal to consider another's dispositions or not. To examine processing of diagnostic and nondiagnostic social information as a function of perceivers’ explicit social-cognitive goals, participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning while performing social (impression formation) or non-social orienting tasks using statements that conveyed either diagnostic or nondiagnostic information about the target's personality traits. Replicating two earlier studies, results identified a region of dorsal medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) that was preferentially activated by impression formation. Interestingly, no difference between trait-diagnostic and nondiagnostic information was observed when participants had the explicit goal of forming an impression...

Aerugoamnis Paulus, New Genus and New Species (Anura: Anomocoela): First Reported Anuran from the Early Eocene (Wasatchian) Fossil Butte Member of the Green River Formation, Wyoming

Henrici, Amy C.; Baez, Ana Maria; Grande, Lance
Fonte: Carnegie Museum Natural History Publicador: Carnegie Museum Natural History
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
Five anurans have been previously reported from the Eocene Green River Formation, of which only two, a nearly complete skeleton and a tadpole,have been described. The skeleton has been identified as either Eopelobates Parker, 1929, or a pelobatid close to Eopelobates and PelobatesWagler, 1830, but the tadpole is indeterminate. Another specimen has been figured but not described, another is a skin impression that is probablyindeterminate, and the other is presumably lost. A sixth specimen is reported here. It represents a new genus and species,Aerugoamnis paulus,which is the first anuran to be reported from the Wasatchian (early Eocene) Fossil Butte Member of the Green River Formation. It consists of asingle specimen that is dorsoventrally flattened and exposed primarily in dorsal view on one slab of rock, with a poor impression of the skull anda few bone fragments representing the counterpart. The specimen is nearly complete and the bones are preserved in articulation or in close association.The presence of a spiral groove of the iliac shaft suggests affinity with Anomocoela, a hypothesis that was tested through a phylogeneticanalysis including representatives of the major clades of Costata, Xenoanura, Neobatrachia, and Anomocoela. The analyzed data set consists of 66osteological characters scored for six fossil and 20 extant taxa. Results of the analysis place Aerugoamnis as a member of the stem of Pelodytidae.This placement is based on possession of two synapomorphies: presence of a distinct otic ramus of the squamosal and the crista parotica is poorlydeveloped. Unlike extant pelodytids...

O processo de constituição histórica das diretrizes curriculares na formação de professores de Educação Física; The process of historical constitution of curriculum guidelines in the formation of Physical Education teachers

Benites, Larissa Cerignoni; Souza Neto, Samuel de; Hunger, Dagmar
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Os processos históricos que permeiam as diretrizes curriculares possibilitaram enxergar quais são as idéias e as preocupações para com a formação de professores no âmbito da Educação Física. Dentro desse contexto, o objetivo foi averiguar, nas políticas públicas de formação de professor dessa disciplina, como ocorreu o processo de qualificação e certificação, buscando entender as justificativas que orientaram a regulamentação dos normativos legais de 1939 a 2004. Portanto, trata-se de um estudo descritivo, de análise qualitativa, tendo como fonte primária as Diretrizes Curriculares veiculada pela imprensa oficial. As novas Diretrizes Curriculares (Resoluções CNE/CP 01/2002, 02/2002 e 7/2004) apontaram perspectivas na formação de um professor mais qualificado para o seu campo de atuação, priorizando a questão da dimensão política da profissão, das competências e do corpo de conhecimento da área. Embora haja progressos em relação aos normativos anteriores, chama-se atenção para a necessidade de que as propostas em construção façam a mediação entre a proposta atual, o percurso histórico do próprio curso e a relação teoria-prática, visando o equilíbrio na formação. A proposta das novas diretrizes não deixa de evidenciar avanços significativos no horizonte da profissionalidade docente e da identidade profissional docente. Da mesma forma...

Variability in Impression Formation: Investigating the Role of Motivation, Capacity, and the Categorization Process

Reynolds, Katherine J; Oakes, Penelope J.
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
Current theory and research suggests that stereotyping is inversely related to the allocation of attentional resources. For example, motivational factors (e.g., interdependence, accuracy goals) are argued to increase attentional investment and encourage individuation. Within this model, a neglected feature of the impression formation process is the role of the perceivers' own self-definition. Based on self-categorization theory, it is argued that whether the salient self-other categorization is defined in interpersonal or group terms, respectively, will determine whether impressions will be more individuated or stereotypic. Two experiments are reported where the effect of interdependence (Experiment 1) and accuracy goals (Experiment 2) as well as the salient comparative context (interpersonal, intergroup) on impression formation were investigated. The results suggest that the nature of self-other categorizations does play a significant role in explaining variability in impression formation.

Putting some order in person memory: memory for (serial) order in impression formation

Costa, Rui S.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Doctor in Social and Organizational Psychology, Specialty in Social Psychology / American Psychological Association (PsycINFO Classification Categories and Codes) 2340 Cognitive Processes; 2343 Learning & Memory; 3000 Social Psychology; 3040 Social Perception and Cognition; The present work examines the representation and retrieval of order information in person memory. The study of memory for serial order has been absent from the research on the underling memory processes of impression formation, which has been focusing exclusively on item information. In this work we argue that our understanding of person memory is incomplete without an account for order and item information representation and retrieval. According to a chaining hypothesis, we predicted that the organizational processes involved in impression formation would hinder the ability to represent order by means of associations between items in successive positions. The first three experiments indicated, contradicting our hypothesis, that when people form impressions they are able to represent, retrieve and use order information for order judgements and (serial) recall. The two following studies, experiment 4 and 5, directly manipulated the associations that were built in memory when people formed impressions...