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A SOA based architecture to promote ubiquity and interoperability among health information systems

Plácido, Gonçalo R.; Cunha, Carlos R.; Morais, Elisabete Paulo
Fonte: International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA) Publicador: International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA)
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
In critical situations, such as decision making in healthcare, is necessary to have access to all of the patient’s information, the information must be reliable, and must be accessed in an easy and fast way. These requirements make medical information systems of extreme importance. However in today’s molds and with the advent of the Internet and mobile devices, a paradigm shift, from the current isolated systems to interoperable distributed systems, that take advantage of ubiquitous computing, is needed. The present work proposes an architecture that aims to answer the needs of interoperability between heterogeneous systems and the need of ubiquity of medical information systems. A prototype was developed that tries to provide interoperability through a service-oriented architecture using web services. A mobile component was also developed to enable ubiquitous access to medical information. This work was based on the author’s knowledge about the Portuguese National Health Service.

An architecture for interoperability and ubiquity of medical information

Plácido, Gonçalo R.; Cunha, Carlos R.; Morais, Elisabete Paulo
Fonte: International Association for Development of the Information Society Publicador: International Association for Development of the Information Society
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.86%
In critical situations, such as decision making in healthcare, is necessary to have access to all the patient’s information, this information must be reliable, and must be accessed in an easy and fast way. These requirements make medical information systems of extreme importance. However in today’s molds and with the advent of the Internet and mobile devices, a paradigm shift, from the current isolated systems to interoperable distributed systems, that take advantage of ubiquitous computing, is needed. The present work proposes an architecture that aims to answer the needs of interoperability between heterogeneous systems and the need of ubiquity of medical information systems.

Model-driven development for pervasive information systems

Fernandes, José Eduardo; Machado, Ricardo J.; Carvalho, João Álvaro
Fonte: Information Science Reference Publicador: Information Science Reference
Tipo: Parte de Livro
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
This chapter focuses on design methodologies for pervasive information systems (PIS). It aims to contribute to the efficiency and effectiveness of software development of ubiquitous services/applications supported on pervasive information systems. Pervasive information systems are comprised of conveniently orchestrated embedded or mobile computing devices that offer innovative ways to support existing and new business models. Those systems are characterized as having a potentially large number of interactive heterogeneous embedded/mobile computing devices that collect, process, and communicate information. Also, they are the target of technological innovations. Therefore, changes in requirements or in technology require frequent modifications of software at device and system levels. Software design and evolution for those require suitable approaches that consider such demands and characteristics of pervasive information systems. Model-driven development approaches (which essentially centre the focus of development on models, and involve concepts such as Platform-Independent Models, Platform-Specific Models, model transformations, and use of established standards) currently in research at academic and industrial arenas in the design of large systems...

Information security policies : a content analysis

Lopes, Isabel Maria; Soares, Filipe de Sá
Fonte: Association for Information Systems Publicador: Association for Information Systems
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 15/07/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
Completed research paper; Among information security controls, the literature gives a central role to information security policies. However, there is a reduced number ofempirical studies about the features and components of information security policies. Thisresearch aims to contribute to fill this gap. It presents a synthesis of the literature on information security policies content and it characterizes 25 City Councils information security policy documents in terms of features and components. The content analysis research technique was employed to characterize the information security policies. The profile of the policies is presented and discussed and propositions for future work are suggested.

Embrapa technological information: a bridge between research and society.

BERTIN, P. R. B.; LEITE, F. C. L.; PEREIRA, F. do A.
Fonte: AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION WORLDWIDE, v.2, n.1, 2009. Publicador: AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION WORLDWIDE, v.2, n.1, 2009.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Formato: 10-18 p.
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.86%
This paper presents the efforts undertaken by the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation regarding Science and Technology information management, through one of its Decentralized Units, Embrapa Technological Information. The major aim of this Unit is to promote and improve the processes of scientific communication?information that feeds and that results from research activities?and of science and technology dissemination?information that results from research activities and that is directed to the general public.; 2009

Developing an evidence-based practice healthcare lens for the SCONUL Seven Pillars of Information Literacy model

Dalton, Michelle
Fonte: CILIP Information Literacy Group Publicador: CILIP Information Literacy Group
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
peer-reviewed; The SCONUL Seven Pillars of Information Literacy model was revised in 2011 to reflect the interpretation of information literacy in today’s environment. Subsequently, a number of lenses have been developed to adapt the core model to different contexts and user groups. This study develops a lens that aims to reflect the unique information landscape and needs of evidence based practice (EBP) in healthcare. Healthcare professionals across medicine, nursing and allied health disciplines were interviewed to explore their understanding and awareness of the clinical information seeking process and behaviours. This information was then used to construct an EBP lens using familiar healthcare terminology and concepts. Health Science librarians can use this lens as a framework to inform the design and structure of information literacy programmes for clinical staff. Further insight may also be gained by measuring the impact and effectiveness of the lens on information literacy levels and practice at a local level.

Green Information Technology and Sustainability: A Conceptual Taxonomy

Sabbaghi, Asghar; Vaidyanathan, Ganesh
Fonte: Issues in Information Systems Publicador: Issues in Information Systems
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
Several organizations have faced challenges in adopting the usage of information technology in an environment-friendly and a sustainable supply chain network. Information technology plays a crucial role in ensuing success of Green supply chain networks. We propose that the Green supply chain management information flow is impacted by both IT governance and Green infrastructure components which in turn are impacted by corporate sustainability. This paper explores various drivers of information technology that enable Green supply chain management and presents a conceptual taxonomy of information technology for sustainability.

Information dominance: information's role in influencing decision making

Gaines, Geoffrey C.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Information is the single most important part of the decision-making process. There are many theories and models of decision-making processes that apply to general decisions and others that are for very specific purposes. No single theory/model applies to all decisions. This thesis identifies several relevant theories/models that are both general and specific and explores each process and how information works within and through them to reach a decision. This exposes commonalities that all the theories/models share. They are identification of the scene, the desired end state, and how to reach the desired end state. The successful use of a theory/model requires the person(s) choosing to utilize a theory/model to address one or more of these common criteria to reach the best decision possible. Additionally, the type of situation and the personalities of the person(s) making the decision impact that decision. The person(s) making the decision should understand and know this information and how it influences the decision-making process. Information influences the decision-making process by influencing how the common criteria are answered, how a decision maker responds to the information environment effects...

Information warfare targeting: people and processes

Wang, Ken NMN
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 53 p. : ill.
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; Information Warfare targeting has long been a crucial, but unrecognized, part of military operations. From Sun Tzu's targeting of the enemy's will to fight, to today's information-centric warfare, it is those who have understood the techniques and applications of Information Warfare targeting who have most often prevailed. As critical as it is to our success, it is a topic that is controversial, often misunderstood, and subject to various interpretations. This thesis examines the IW targeting process, consisting of people, information, systems, and the interaction between the function of targeting and IW. In the Information Age, IW has been recognized as viable warfare area. However, IW Targeting cannot be treated as traditional targeting utilized by other warfare areas. This thesis is intended to serve as a guide for the study of this topic and provides an instructional program designed to satisfy the requirement for a coherent instructional program on IW Targeting. IW targeting affects every facet of warfare and in turn is affected by these facets. In preparing for a future that calls for maximizing the effects while minimizing the effort, it is critical that we understand the process in order to remain effective.; Lieutenant Commander...

Design of an effective visualization for naval career information summary and evaluation

Rogers, Glenn A.; Grose, Jason D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 79 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; By using visualization best practices and embedding them in information technology (IT), we believe that the Department of Defense can improve its ability to display multi-variant information. The focus of this research is to design a visual information solution, based on best practices for displaying performance data visually, to the Electronic Military Personnel Record System (EMPRS). Ultimately, our goal is to improve the overall effectiveness and objectivity of the Navy's selection board processes by providing a re-engineered, web-based, graphical solution to the visual displays currently in use by selection boards. The current Navy selection board voting process uses tabular forms displayed across five screens in a small theater-like setting. The forms are displayed very quickly allowing board members very little time to mentally assimilate the quantitative data dispersed over a wide area. In our model, we distill the data into a single graphical display, thus reducing the cognitive computing requirements of the board members. We used the Knowledge Value Added methodology to determine the proposal's relative effectiveness and developed a prototype as a proof of concept. With this study and follow on recommendations...

Taliban information strategy: how are the Taliban directing their information strategy towards the population of Afghanistan?

Schmeck, Derek I.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 61 p. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; The purpose of this thesis is to understand the core components of the Afghan Taliban information strategy, which they treat as their main effort in their struggle to regain power. The Taliban use cultural metaphors from multiple sources such as Islam, pushtunwali, and Afghanistan's history to frame their right of religious and political authority. Taliban information strategy interweaves these metaphors with threats to sow fear in the minds of the Afghan population. Such methods employed by the Taliban to send their messages consist of leaving shabnamehs (night letters) to demonstrate that the Taliban can appear at anytime. More modern methods such as creating DVDs have recently been incorporated into their toolbox for the purpose of sustaining their fighter's moral and recruiting new followers inspired by their battle victories. This thesis determines that the Taliban are focusing their information strategy on short-term goals and thus, is relatively ineffective. This is derived from polling data that demonstrates the majority of Afghan people do not support the Taliban or desire to see their return to power. The Taliban are viewed as the reason for poor security despite their efforts to convince the population that the government cannot provide security. The Taliban information strategy has relied primarily on fear and coercion rather than persuasion. The Taliban's problematic IO strategy affords multiple opportunities for the United States and its allies to reach out to those parts of the Afghan population for whom the Taliban provide a disproportionate amount of all their information. This thesis makes specific recommendations on how best to achieve this goal.

Countering terrorism through control of Pakistan's information environment

Rafiq, Muhammad Ahsen; Raza, Mohsin
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Pakistan has a peculiar information environment that has not been researched in detail. The dynamics of the information environment have changed in urban areas due to technological advancements; however, the rural areas are still far from the effects of such advancements. This thesis explores the peculiarities of the information environment in Pakistan and draws lessons from the Sri Lankan fight with the LTTE and U.S. efforts to contain terrorism (on U.S. soil) since 9/11. It brings out the root causes of terrorism in Pakistan and the role played by the information environment in strengthening this menace (especially Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan). The thesis is useful in learning the ways and means to optimally utilize the information environment of Pakistan for fighting terrorism. It might also be beneficial in formulating an information policy for Pakistan, for long- and short-term effects.; Major, Pakistan Army; Lieutenant Commander, Pakistan Navy

Valued information at the right time (VIRT) and the Navy's cooperative engagement capability (CEC) - a win/win proposition

Acevedo, Rafael A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 107 p. : ill. (some col.);
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; In this thesis I examine the theory of Valued Information at the Right Time (VIRT) and the benefits its implementation can provide to the Navy's best example of accurate information-sharing, the Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC). The primary premise of VIRT is that only information which has some value to the user and could impact mission accomplishment should be allowed to flow from a source to the user. If information has little or no value to the individual it is destined for, it must simply be regarded as overhead and should not be sent/received. Using a simple simulation I show in this thesis that VIRT has the potential to provide benefits of orders of magnitude versus a non-VIRT implementation. The Navy's CEC program represents a premier air track data sharing mechanism. It enables ships augmented with this capability and residing on the network to share fire control quality information on the individual parameters of air tracks such as location, course, speed, and altitude. There is a place for VIRT implementation within CEC. Such an implementation can prove beneficial both to CEC as an internal user of information and also as a supplier to external entities of its valuable track information. Finally...

A CYBERCIEGE campaign fulfilling Navy information assurance training and awareness requirements

Cone, Benjamin D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 262 p. : ill. (col.) ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
The broad use of information systems within organizations has led to an increased appreciation of the need to ensure that all users be aware of basic concepts in Information Assurance (IA). The Department of Defense (DOD) addressed the idea of user awareness in DOD Directive 8750.1. This directive requires that all users of DOD information systems undergo an initial IA awareness orientation followed by annual refresher instruction. This thesis created a CyberCIEGE campaign for the Naval Postgraduate School's CyberCIEGE project that will fulfill Navy requirements to meet DOD Directive 8750.1. The first portion of this thesis is an analysis of four IA programs and products. Requirements for Navy IA awareness and training products were developed from this analysis. The second part of this thesis is a description of two CyberCIEGE scenarios that were created to fulfill these requirements. The first scenario focuses on basic IA awareness and emphasizes information that the Navy should reinforce. The scenario is intended for all users of Navy information systems. The second scenario is intended for technical users and addresses more advanced concepts and technical considerations. The technical user scenario emphasizes skill application and problem solving.

Aligning strategic and information systems planning: a review of navy efforts

Zeiders, Glenn W.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: ix, 121 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; The necessity for well-defined, integrated information systems (IS), driven by today's dwindling human, financial, and management resources, makes it essential to plan effectively. This can only be achieved by linking IS planning to the overall strategic plan of the organization. Department of the Navy (DON) IS planning has historically missed the mark in this report. Information Engineering, automated through Computer Aided Software Engineering (CASE) technology, offers significant benefits for improving DON IS planning. Two CASE workbenches, Information Engineering Systems Corporation's USER: Expert Systems and Texas Instruments' Information Engineering Facility, have proven highly effective in automating IE in DON applications.; Lieutenant, United States Navy Reserve

Information needs assessment of the Patuxent River Naval Hospital

Kadowaki, Jay Akira.; Rowley, James L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 93 p.;28 cm.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
The Patuxent River Naval Hospital is examining methods to provide the highest quality and access to care at the lowest cost possible. To do this, a number of data or information needs must be identified. It is the purpose of this thesis to identify Patuxent River Naval Hospital's information needs. A research method was applied to capture these information needs. Interviews with key managers revealed a number of Critical Success Factors (CSF). These CSFs are: Access to Quality Care, Management of Financial Resources, Management of Physical Resources, and Management of Human Resources. Under each CSF, a number of functional needs were identified, with each being tied to a number of effectiveness measures. From these effectiveness measures, the information needs of the organization emerge. The identified information needs are then examined against the existing information systems capabilities. A frame work is developed for examining the information needs of the Patuxent River Naval Hospital. Many of the identified information needs do not exist in the current information systems and recommendations are provided on how to fill the gaps; http://archive.org/details/informationneeds00kado; NA; NA; U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author.

Information infrastructure and social adaptation in rural Afghanistan

Wilson, John Mark.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 127 p. : col. ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis explores whether the expansion of cellular phone networks and community-based radio broadcasting into rural Pashtun communities could create operational vulnerabilities for the Taliban. Divergence is observed between the population's adaptive behavior in response to the Taliban's rural information strategy and the expansion of the information infrastructure. This study shows that this variance in the population's responses could create an operational vulnerability for the Taliban. The success of any expansive information strategy, however, may ultimately be limited by the population's fear of Taliban reprisals and other inhibitors, such as illiteracy and inexperience in operating advanced technologies. To counter this condition, information strategists should implement cellular phone and community radio-based programs in areas where an embedded security apparatus, such as the Village Stability Platform (VSP), can enhance local security conditions. By reducing the Taliban's capacity for using violence to intimidate the population, developmental advisors embedded within the VSP can implement tailored cellular phone and community radio programs that exploit local incentive structures more effectively. With persistence...

Light Reconnaissance Vehicle (LRV) enhancing command, control, communications, and computers and information systems (C4I) to tactically employed forces via a mobile platform

McFerron, Michael P.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 77 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
The theories supporting Network Centric Warfare (NCW) continue to mold the tactical use of U.S. forces throughout the global warfare environment. This thesis research will correlate the four tenets of NCW to the tactical employment of the Naval Postgraduate School's LRV. The four tenets of NCW are: 1. A robustly networked force improves information sharing. 2. Information sharing and collaboration enhance the quality of information and shared situational awareness. 3. Shared situational awareness enables self-synchronization. 4. These, in turn, dramatically increase mission effectiveness. The faculty and students at NPS are dedicated to researching methods to leverage science and technology in order to maximize the combat effectiveness of U.S. and allied forces. In teaming with our primary sponsor, U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM), NPS has developed the Tactical Network Topology (TNT) series of experiments aimed at providing the warfighter information solutions for the battle space. The NPS LRV was derived from an operational requirement to have a mobile C4I/ISR platform that provides enhanced real-time information sharing to tactically employed units. Total force combat effectiveness is growing more reliant on agile means of information sharing. Wireless communications and collaborative technologies are essential to ensuring dynamic...

EuroCRIS and CERIF. The Importance of an International Standard Metadata Model for Research Information

Simons, Eduard
Fonte: Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (CVTI SR); euroCRIS Publicador: Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (CVTI SR); euroCRIS
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
28 slides.-- Presentation delivered at the conference "Research Information Systems: Integration for Open Access to Scientific Outputs" held Apr 2nd, 2014 at the CVTI SR in Bratislava, Slovakia.; The presentation introduces euroCRIS as an international organisation for promoting the implementation of efficient and interoperable research information management infrastructure with a particularly active presence in Eastern European countries. The Common European Research Information Format (CERIF) is described as a standard that will allow a comprehensive modeling of the research activity carried out at institutional or national level, with key features such as Link Entities or the Semantic Layer. The requirement for system interoperability is stressed within a complex Research Information Ecosystem where multiple systems need to exchange data. The key role CERIF plays in this framework is described with an example application to the modeling of research data via the 3-layer approach.

IS VaVaI - an R&D Information System - Experience in Dealing with Errors in Data on the Outputs of Research, Revelopment and Innovation; IS VaVaI - zkušenosti při řešení chyb předávaných údajů o výsledcích výzkumu, experimentálního vývoje a inovacích

Hudečková, Viera
Fonte: Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (CVTI SR); euroCRIS Publicador: Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (CVTI SR); euroCRIS
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
CZ
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
12 pages, 34 slides.-- Presentation delivered at the conference "Research Information Systems: Integration for Open Access to Scientific Outputs" held Apr 2nd, 2014 at the CVTI SR in Bratislava, Slovakia.; Text and slides in Czech.; Public VaVaI Information System interface available (in English) at http://www.isvav.cz/index.jsp; [EN] Research, development and innovation (R&D&I) in the Czech Republic gets financed from public funds pursuant to Act no. 130/2002 Coll. on Public Subsidy to Research, Development and Innovation and amended related Acts (Act on Funding Research, Development and Innovation). The former Act regulates the following: the rights and obligations of legal and natural persons engaged in R&D&I, the conditions for the provision of public funding, the provision of information on research, development and innovation through the information system on R&D&I and the role and tasks of the R&D&I bodies.; [CZ] Výzkum, experimentální vývoj a inovace (VaVaI) jsou v České republice podporovány z veřejných prostředků podle zákona č. 130/2002 Sb., o podpoře výzkumu, experimentálního vývoje a inovací z veřejných prostředků a o změně některých souvisejících zákonů (zákon o podpoře výzkumu, experimentálního vývoje a inovací)...