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Eccentric and concentric cardiac hypertrophy induced by exercise training: microRNAs and molecular determinants

Fernandes, T.; Soci, U.P.R.; Oliveira, E.M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.96%
Among the molecular, biochemical and cellular processes that orchestrate the development of the different phenotypes of cardiac hypertrophy in response to physiological stimuli or pathological insults, the specific contribution of exercise training has recently become appreciated. Physiological cardiac hypertrophy involves complex cardiac remodeling that occurs as an adaptive response to static or dynamic chronic exercise, but the stimuli and molecular mechanisms underlying transduction of the hemodynamic overload into myocardial growth are poorly understood. This review summarizes the physiological stimuli that induce concentric and eccentric physiological hypertrophy, and discusses the molecular mechanisms, sarcomeric organization, and signaling pathway involved, also showing that the cardiac markers of pathological hypertrophy (atrial natriuretic factor, β-myosin heavy chain and α-skeletal actin) are not increased. There is no fibrosis and no cardiac dysfunction in eccentric or concentric hypertrophy induced by exercise training. Therefore, the renin-angiotensin system has been implicated as one of the regulatory mechanisms for the control of cardiac function and structure. Here, we show that the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor is locally activated in pathological and physiological cardiac hypertrophy...

Anthropometric measures of increased central and overall adiposity in association with echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy

RODRIGUES, Sergio Lamego; BALDO, Marcelo Perim; CUNHA, Roberto Sa; ANGELO, Lilian C. S.; PEREIRA, Alexandre C.; KRIEGER, Jose Eduardo; MILL, Jose Geraldo
Fonte: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP Publicador: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
Left ventricular hypertrophy is an important predictor of cardiovascular risk and sudden death. This study explored the ability of four obesity indexes (body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio and waist-stature ratio) to identify left ventricular hypertrophy. A sample of the general population (n=682; 43.5% men) was surveyed to assess cardiovascular risk factors. Biochemical, anthropometric and blood pressure values were obtained in a clinic visit according to standard methods. Left ventricular mass was obtained from transthoracic echocardiogram. Left ventricular hypertrophy was defined using population-specific cutoff values for left ventricular mass indexed to height(2.7). The waist-stature ratio showed the strongest positive association with left ventricular mass. This correlation was stronger in women, even after controlling for age and systolic blood pressure. By multivariate analysis, the main predictors of left ventricular hypertrophy were waist-stature ratio (23%), systolic blood pressure (9%) and age (2%) in men, and waist-stature ratio (40%), age (6%) and systolic blood pressure (2%) in women. Receiver-operating characteristic curves showed the optimal cutoff values of the different anthropometric indexes associated with left ventricular hypertrophy. The waist-stature ratio was a significantly better predictor than the other indexes (except for the waist-hip ratio)...

Aerobic Exercise Training-Induced Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Involves Regulatory MicroRNAs, Decreased Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-Angiotensin II, and Synergistic Regulation of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2-Angiotensin (1-7)

FERNANDES, Tiago; HASHIMOTO, Nara Y.; MAGALHAES, Flavio C.; FERNANDES, Fernanda B.; CASARINI, Dulce E.; CARMONA, Adriana K.; KRIEGER, Jose E.; PHILLIPS, M. Ian; OLIVEIRA, Edilamar M.
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.91%
Aerobic exercise training leads to a physiological, nonpathological left ventricular hypertrophy; however, the underlying biochemical and molecular mechanisms of physiological left ventricular hypertrophy are unknown. The role of microRNAs regulating the classic and the novel cardiac renin-angiotensin (Ang) system was studied in trained rats assigned to 3 groups: (1) sedentary; (2) swimming trained with protocol 1 (T1, moderate-volume training); and (3) protocol 2 (T2, high-volume training). Cardiac Ang I levels, Ang-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, and protein expression, as well as Ang II levels, were lower in T1 and T2; however, Ang II type 1 receptor mRNA levels (69% in T1 and 99% in T2) and protein expression (240% in T1 and 300% in T2) increased after training. Ang II type 2 receptor mRNA levels (220%) and protein expression (332%) were shown to be increased in T2. In addition, T1 and T2 were shown to increase ACE2 activity and protein expression and Ang (1-7) levels in the heart. Exercise increased microRNA-27a and 27b, targeting ACE and decreasing microRNA-143 targeting ACE2 in the heart. Left ventricular hypertrophy induced by aerobic training involves microRNA regulation and an increase in cardiac Ang II type 1 receptor without the participation of Ang II. Parallel to this...

AT(1) receptor participates in the cardiac hypertrophy induced by resistance training in rats

BARAUNA, Valerio G.; MAGALHAES, Flavio C.; KRIEGER, Jose E.; OLIVEIRA, Edilamar M.
Fonte: AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC Publicador: AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.91%
Resistance training is accompanied by cardiac hypertrophy, but the role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in this response is elusive. We evaluated this question in 36 male Wistar rats divided into six groups: control (n = 6); trained (n = 6); control + losartan (10 mg.kg(-1).day(-1), n = 6); trained + losartan (n = 6); control + high-salt diet (1%, n = 6); and trained + high-salt diet (1%, n = 6). High salt was used to inhibit the systemic RAS and losartan to block the AT(1) receptor. The exercise protocol consisted of: 4 x 12 bouts, 5x/wk during 8 wk, with 65-75% of one repetition maximum. Left ventricle weight-to-body weight ratio increased only in trained and trained + high-salt diet groups (8.5% and 10.6%, P < 0.05) compared with control. Also, none of the pathological cardiac hypertrophy markers, atrial natriuretic peptide, and alpha MHC (alpha-myosin heavy chain)-to-beta MHC ratio, were changed. ACE activity was analyzed by fluorometric assay (systemic and cardiac) and plasma renin activity (PRA) by RIA and remained unchanged upon resistance training, whereas PRA decreased significantly with the high-salt diet. Interestingly, using Western blot analysis and RT-PRC, no changes were observed in cardiac AT(2) receptor levels...

Blockage of Angiotensin II type 2 receptor prevents thyroxine-mediated cardiac hypertrophy by blocking Akt activation

CARNEIRO-RAMOS, M. S.; DINIZ, G. P.; NADU, A. P.; ALMEIDA, J.; VIEIRA, R. L. P.; SANTOS, R. A. S.; BARRETO-CHAVES, M. L. M.
Fonte: DR DIETRICH STEINKOPFF VERLAG Publicador: DR DIETRICH STEINKOPFF VERLAG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.95%
Although most of effects of Angiotensin II (Ang II) related to cardiac remodelling can be attributed to type 1 Ang II receptor (AT(1)R), the type 2 receptor (AT(2)R) has been shown to be involved in the development of some cardiac hypertrophy models. In the present study, we investigated whether the thyroid hormone (TH) action leading to cardiac hypertrophy is also mediated by increased Ang II levels or by change on AT(1)R and AT(2)R expression, which could contribute to this effect. In addition, we also evaluated the possible contribution of AT(2)R in the activation of Akt and in the development of TH-induced cardiac hypertrophy. To address these questions, Wistar rats were treated with thyroxine (T(4), 0.1 mg/kg BW/day, i.p.), with or without AT(2)R blocker (PD123319), for 14 days. Cardiac hypertrophy was identified based on heart/body weight ratio and confirmed by analysis of atrial natriuretic factor mRNA expression. Cardiomyocyte cultures were used to exclude the influence of TH-related hemodynamic effects. Our results demonstrate that the cardiac Ang II levels were significantly increased (80%, P < 0.001) as well as the AT(2)R expression (50%, P < 0.05) in TH-induced cardiac hypertrophy. The critical involvement of AT(2)R to the development of this cardiac hypertrophy in vivo was evidenced after administration of AT(2) blocker...

Angiotensin type 1 receptor mediates thyroid hormone-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy through the Akt/GSK-3 beta/mTOR signaling pathway

DINIZ, Gabriela Placona; CARNEIRO-RAMOS, Marcela Sorelli; BARRETO-CHAVES, Maria Luiza Morais
Fonte: DR DIETRICH STEINKOPFF VERLAG Publicador: DR DIETRICH STEINKOPFF VERLAG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
Several studies have implicated the renin angiotensin system in the cardiac hypertrophy induced by thyroid hormone. However, whether Angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) is critically required to the development of T(3)-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy as well as whether the intracellular mechanisms that are triggered by AT(1)R are able to contribute to this hypertrophy model is unknown. To address these questions, we employed a selective small interfering RNA (siRNA, 50 nM) or an AT(1)R blocker (Losartan, 1 mu M) to evaluate the specific role of this receptor in primary cultures of neonatal cardiomyocytes submitted to T(3) (10 nM) treatment. The cardiomyocytes transfected with the AT(1)R siRNA presented reduced mRNA (90%, P < 0.001) and protein (70%, P < 0.001) expression of AT(1)R. The AT(1)R silencing and the AT(1)R blockade totally prevented the T(3)-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, as evidenced by lower mRNA expression of atrial natriuretic factor (66%, P < 0.01) and skeletal alpha-actin (170%, P < 0.01) as well as by reduction in protein synthesis (85%, P < 0.001). The cardiomyocytes treated with T(3) demonstrated a rapid activation of Akt/GSK-3 beta/mTOR signaling pathway, which was completely inhibited by the use of PI3K inhibitors (LY294002...

Postural control in women with breast hypertrophy

Barbosa, Alessandra Ferreira; Raggi, Gabriela Cristina; Sá, Cristina dos Santos Cardoso; Costa, Marcio Paulino; Lima Junior, Jonas Eraldo de; Tanaka, Clarice
Fonte: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO Publicador: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
OBJECTIVES: The consequences of breast hypertrophy have been described based on the alteration of body mass distribution, leading to an impact on psychological and physical aspects. The principles of motor control suggest that breast hypertrophy can lead to sensorimotor alterations and the impairment of body balance due to postural misalignment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the postural control of women with breast hypertrophy under different sensory information conditions. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 14 women with breast hypertrophy and 14 without breast hypertrophy, and the mean ages of the groups were 39 +/- 15 years and 39 +/- 16 years, respectively. A force platform was used to assess the sensory systems that contribute to postural control: somatosensory, visual and vestibular. Four postural conditions were sequentially tested: eyes open and fixed platform, eyes closed and fixed platform, eyes open and mobile platform, and eyes closed and mobile platform. The data were processed, and variables related to the center of pressure were analyzed for each condition. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the conditions between the groups for the area of center of pressure displacement and the velocity of center of pressure displacement in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral directions. The alpha level error was set at 0.05. RESULTS: Women with breast hypertrophy presented an area that was significantly higher for three out of four conditions and a higher velocity of center of pressure displacement in the anterior-posterior direction under two conditions: eyes open and mobile platform and eyes closed and mobile platform. CONCLUSIONS: Women with breast hypertrophy have altered postural control...

"Participação do sistema renina angiotensina na hipertrofia cardíaca induzida pelo treinamento resistido" ; ROLE OF THE RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM IN RESISTANCE EXERCISE-INDUCED CARDIAC HYPERTROPHY

Barauna, Valerio Garrone
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/03/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
Para avaliar a participação do Sistema Renina Angiotensina (SRA) sobre a Hipertrofia Cardíaca de ratos submetidos ao treinamento resistido foram usados 64 Ratos Wistar divididos em: Controle (CO), Treinado (TR), Controle ou Treinado tratados com Losartan (LOS; 20mg/Kg/d) e Controle ou Treinado tratados com NaCl (SAL; 1% água). Os grupos treinados realizaram quatro séries de 12 repetições, 5x/sem/8sem, com 65-75% de 1 Repetição Máxima (1RM). Hipertrofia cardíaca (HC), obtida pelo peso úmido do VE corrigida pelo Peso Corporal (PC) e pelo Ecocardiograma, foi observada no grupo TR com nenhum prejuízo da função ventricular. Tanto a atividade da ECA, sistêmica e local no coração, quanto a atividade da renina não foram alteradas pelo treinamento. Pelo Western blotting, não foi observada alteração na expressão protéica do peptídeo angiotensina II e do receptor de angiotensina II AT2 com o treinamento, mas observou-se aumento de 31,4% na expressão dos receptores de angiotensina II AT1 no grupo TR. A administração do antagonista do receptor AT1 (Losartan) preveniu a HC em resposta ao treinamento. O mesmo não foi observado com a administração do NaCl para inibir a atividade da Renina. Esses resultados sugerem que o receptor AT1 participa da HC induzida pelo treinamento resistido sem a necessidade de aumento na concentração da angiotensina II cardíaca. Um possível mecanismo seria a ativação direta dos receptores AT1 pelo estiramento mecânico dos cardiomiócitos.; Besides the well-known effects of Ang II in stimulating pathological pressure-overload cardiac hypertrophy...

Anti-hypertensive drugs have different effects on ventricular hypertrophy regression

Ferreira Filho, Celso; Abreu, Luiz Carlos de; Valenti, Vitor E.; Ferreira, Marcelo; Meneghini, Adriano; Silveira, José Alexandre; Riera, Andrés R. Pérez; Colombari, Eduardo; Murad, Neif; Santos-Silva, Paulo Roberto; Silva, Lovian José Henrique Pereira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 723-728
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.91%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); OBJECTIVES: There is a direct relationship between the regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and a decreased risk of mortality. This investigation aimed to describe the effects of anti-hypertensive drugs on cardiac hypertrophy through a meta-analysis of the literature. METHODS: The Medline (via PubMed), Lilacs and Scielo databases were searched using the subject keywords cardiac hypertrophy, antihypertensive and mortality. We aimed to analyze the effect of anti-hypertensive drugs on ventricle hypertrophy. RESULTS: The main drugs we described were enalapril, verapamil, nifedipine, indapamina, losartan, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and atenolol. These drugs are usually used in follow up programs, however, the studies we investigated used different protocols. Enalapril (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor) and verapamil (Ca++ channel blocker) caused hypertrophy to regress in LVH rats. The effects of enalapril and nifedipine (Ca++ channel blocker) were similar. Indapamina (diuretic) had a stronger effect than enalapril, and losartan (angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist) produced better results than atenolol (selective β1 receptor antagonist) with respect to LVH regression. CONCLUSION: The anti-hypertensive drugs induced various degrees of hypertrophic regression.

Swimming training exacerbates pathological cardiac hypertrophy in kinin B(2) receptor-deficient mice

Batista, Elice C.; Batista, Eliza C.; Ramalho, Joao D. S.; Reis, Felipe C. G.; Barros, Carlos C.; Moraes, Milton R.; Pesquero, Jorge L.; Bacurau, Reury F. P.; Pesquero, Joao B.; Araujo, Ronaldo C.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 271-275
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
Kallikrein-kinin system exerts cardioprotective effects against pathological hypertrophy. These effects are modulated mainly via B(2) receptor activation. Chronic physical exercise can induce physiological cardiac hypertrophy characterized by normal organization of cardiac structure. Therefore, the aim of this work was to verify the influence of kinin B(2) receptor deletion on physiological hypertrophy to exercise stimulus. Animals were submitted to swimming practice for 5 min or for 60 min, 5 days a week, during 1 month and several cardiac parameters were evaluated. Results showed no significantly difference in heart weight between both groups, however an increased left ventricle weight and myocyte diameter were observed after the 60 min swimming protocol, which was more pronounced in B(2)(-/-) mice. In addition, sedentary B(2)(-/-) animals presented higher left ventricle mass when compared to wild-type (WT) mice. An increase in capillary density was observed in exercised animals, however the effect was less pronounced in B(2)(-/-) mice. Collagen, a marker of pathological hypertrophy, was increased in B(2)(-/-) mice submitted to swimming protocol, as well as left ventricular thickness, suggesting that these animals do not respond with physiological hypertrophy for this kind of exercise. In conclusion...

Influencia da quinase de adesão focal na hipertrofia miocardica induzida por sobrecarga pressorica em camundongos; Importance of local adhesion kinase signaling in the cardiac hypertrophy induced by pressure overload in mice

Carolina Fernanda Manfredi Zambon Clemente
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/07/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
Doenças do coração cursam frequentemente com hipertrofia do miocárdio. Estímulos mecânicos e neuro-humorais são sinalizadores críticos para o crescimento hipertrófico dos cardiomiócitos nos vários processos patológicos. Neste contexto, estudos indicam que a quinase de adesão focal (FAK), uma proteína tirosino-quinase que participa dos mecanismos de sinalização por integrinas, é uma mediadora importante do crescimento hipertrófico do ventrículo esquerdo (VE). Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a influência da FAK na indução da hipertrofia e na deterioração do VE induzidas por sobrecarga pressórica crônica em camundongos através de estratégia de interferência por RNA. A coarctação da aorta em camundongos induziu a hipertrofia do VE acompanhada pelo aumento da expressão e atividade da FAK no miocárdio. A infusão de siRNA específico para FAK (siRNAFAK), via veia jugular, levou ao silenciamento gênico prolongado da FAK (~70%) no VE normal e também no hipertrófico. O knockdown da FAK foi confirmado nos miócitos e fibroblastos cardíacos provenientes do VE de camundongos. O silenciamento da FAK foi acompanhado tanto da prevenção como regressão da hipertrofia do VE. A função do VE foi preservada e a taxa de sobrevivência foi maior nos camundongos tratados com siRNAFAK...

Influencia do fator de transcrição MEF2C na hipertrofia miocardica induzida por sobrecarga pressorica em camundongos; Influence of the transcription factor MEF2 in cardiac hypertrophy induced by overload pressure in mice

Ana Helena Macedo Pereira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.91%
Doenças do coração são freqüentemente associadas à hipertrofia miocárdica. Estímulos mecânicos induzem o crescimento hipertrófico e contribuem para a degeneração e morte dos miócitos cardíacos. Dentre os fatores de transcrição envolvidos no processo de hipertrofia miocárdica, estão os da família MEF2 (Myocyte Enhancer Factor-2), que é composto por 4 membros, MEF2A, B, C e D. O MEF2C é descrito como o principal transcrito no miocárdio. Tanto a deleção quanto a hiperexpressão de seu gene causam efeitos deletérios na formação e na função do músculo cardíaco. Estudos anteriores do nosso laboratório demonstraram que o MEF2 é ativado por estiramento de cardiomiócitos e influencia a expressão de genes do programa hipertrófico. O presente estudo tem como objetivo avaliar os efeitos do silenciamento gênico do MEF2C nas alterações estruturais e funcionais do ventrículo esquerdo de camundongos submetidos à sobrecarga pressórica. Para isso, utilizamos a técnica de interferência por RNA para o MEF2C. A padronização constituiu de: 1) avaliação do silenciamento do MEF2C em cultura de células C2C12 e no ventrículo esquerdo de camundongos Swiss; 2) determinação da dose necessária de siRNA para o silenciamento da expressão protéica do MEF2C; 3) determinação do curso temporal do silenciamento; 4) avaliação dos efeitos do tratamento com molécula irrelevante de siRNA direcionada para a proteína exógena GFP; 5) avaliação da especificidade do silenciamento (off-targets) pela análise do RNAm para o MEF2A e das proteínas FAK...

Caracterização conjunta da fibrose intersticial e da hipertrofia dos cardiomiócitos pela ressonância magnética cardíaca = : Characterization of both interstitial fibrosis and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by cardiac magnetic ressonance; Characterization of both interstitial fibrosis and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by cardiac magnetic ressonance

Otávio Rizzi Coelho Filho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/06/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
A hipertrofia dos cardiomiócitos e a expansão da matriz extracelular são fatores importantes para o desenvolvimento da insuficiência cardíaca. Até o momento nenhum método não invasivo é capaz de caracterizar conjuntamente a hipertrofia de cardiomiócitos e a expansão da matriz extracelular. O objetivo desse estudo foi de validar um método derivado da ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) para a avaliação conjunta da hipertrofia dos cardiomiócitos e da expansão da matriz extracelular. Camundongos adultos foram submetidos a 7 semanas de tratamento com L-NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester (L-NAME) para indução de hipertensão e hipertrofia ventricular. Outro grupo de camundongos foi submetido à bandagem cirúrgica da aorta ascendente. Os animais tratados com L-NAME foram estudados pela RMC antes e após 7 semanas de tratamento com L-NAME. Os animais submetidos à bandagem da aorta foram estudados com 2, 4 e 7 semanas após a bandagem. O tempo T1 foi mensurado no coração antes e depois da administração de contraste paramagnético extracelular, gadolínio. O tempo de vida intracelular das moléculas de água (TVIMA), um parâmetro dependente ao tamanho da celular, e a fração do volume extracelular (FVEC), um parâmetro relacionado com o tecido conectivo extracelular...

Eccentric and concentric cardiac hypertrophy induced by exercise training: microRNAs and molecular determinants

Fernandes,T.; Soci,U.P.R.; Oliveira,E.M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.96%
Among the molecular, biochemical and cellular processes that orchestrate the development of the different phenotypes of cardiac hypertrophy in response to physiological stimuli or pathological insults, the specific contribution of exercise training has recently become appreciated. Physiological cardiac hypertrophy involves complex cardiac remodeling that occurs as an adaptive response to static or dynamic chronic exercise, but the stimuli and molecular mechanisms underlying transduction of the hemodynamic overload into myocardial growth are poorly understood. This review summarizes the physiological stimuli that induce concentric and eccentric physiological hypertrophy, and discusses the molecular mechanisms, sarcomeric organization, and signaling pathway involved, also showing that the cardiac markers of pathological hypertrophy (atrial natriuretic factor, β-myosin heavy chain and α-skeletal actin) are not increased. There is no fibrosis and no cardiac dysfunction in eccentric or concentric hypertrophy induced by exercise training. Therefore, the renin-angiotensin system has been implicated as one of the regulatory mechanisms for the control of cardiac function and structure. Here, we show that the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor is locally activated in pathological and physiological cardiac hypertrophy...

Effect of hepatocyte growth factor and angiotensin II on rat cardiomyocyte hypertrophy

Chen,Ai-Lan; Ou,Cai-Wen; He,Zhao-Chu; Liu,Qi-Cai; Dong,Qi; Chen,Min-Sheng
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays an important role in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The combined effect of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and Ang II on cardiomyocytes is unknown. The present study was designed to determine the effect of HGF on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and to explore the combined effect of HGF and Ang II on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Primary cardiomyocytes were isolated from neonatal rat hearts and cultured in vitro. Cells were treated with Ang II (1 µM) alone, HGF (10 ng/mL) alone, and Ang II (1 µM) plus HGF (10 ng/mL) for 24, 48, and 72 h. The amount of [³H]-leucine incorporation was then measured to evaluate protein synthesis. The mRNA levels of β-myosin heavy chain and atrial natriuretic factor were determined by real-time PCR to evaluate the presence of fetal phenotypes of gene expression. The cell size of cardiomyocytes was also studied. Ang II (1 µM) increased cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Similar to Ang II, treatment with 1 µM HGF promoted cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Moreover, the combination of 1 µM Ang II and 10 ng/mL HGF clearly induced a combined pro-hypertrophy effect on cardiomyocytes. The present study demonstrates for the first time a novel, combined effect of HGF and Ang II in promoting cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

Global microRNA profiles and signaling pathways in the development of cardiac hypertrophy

Feng,H.J.; Ouyang,W.; Liu,J.H.; Sun,Y.G.; Hu,R.; Huang,L.H.; Xian,J.L.; Jing,C.F.; Zhou,M.J.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
Hypertrophy is a major predictor of progressive heart disease and has an adverse prognosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) that accumulate during the course of cardiac hypertrophy may participate in the process. However, the nature of any interaction between a hypertrophy-specific signaling pathway and aberrant expression of miRNAs remains unclear. In this study, Spague Dawley male rats were treated with transverse aortic constriction (TAC) surgery to mimic pathological hypertrophy. Hearts were isolated from TAC and sham operated rats (n=5 for each group at 5, 10, 15, and 20 days after surgery) for miRNA microarray assay. The miRNAs dysexpressed during hypertrophy were further analyzed using a combination of bioinformatics algorithms in order to predict possible targets. Increased expression of the target genes identified in diverse signaling pathways was also analyzed. Two sets of miRNAs were identified, showing different expression patterns during hypertrophy. Bioinformatics analysis suggested the miRNAs may regulate multiple hypertrophy-specific signaling pathways by targeting the member genes and the interaction of miRNA and mRNA might form a network that leads to cardiac hypertrophy. In addition, the multifold changes in several miRNAs suggested that upregulation of rno-miR-331*...

Anti-hypertensive drugs have different effects on ventricular hypertrophy regression

Ferreira Filho,Celso; Abreu,Luiz Carlos de; Valenti,Vitor E.; Ferreira,Marcelo; Meneghini,Adriano; Silveira,José Alexandre; Riera,Andrés R. Pérez; Colombari,Eduardo; Murad,Neif; Santos-Silva,Paulo Roberto; Silva,Lovian José Henrique Pereira da; Vander
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.91%
OBJECTIVES: There is a direct relationship between the regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and a decreased risk of mortality. This investigation aimed to describe the effects of anti-hypertensive drugs on cardiac hypertrophy through a meta-analysis of the literature. METHODS: The Medline (via PubMed), Lilacs and Scielo databases were searched using the subject keywords cardiac hypertrophy, antihypertensive and mortality. We aimed to analyze the effect of anti-hypertensive drugs on ventricle hypertrophy. RESULTS: The main drugs we described were enalapril, verapamil, nifedipine, indapamina, losartan, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and atenolol. These drugs are usually used in follow up programs, however, the studies we investigated used different protocols. Enalapril (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor) and verapamil (Ca++ channel blocker) caused hypertrophy to regress in LVH rats. The effects of enalapril and nifedipine (Ca++ channel blocker) were similar. Indapamina (diuretic) had a stronger effect than enalapril, and losartan (angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist) produced better results than atenolol (selective β1 receptor antagonist) with respect to LVH regression. CONCLUSION: The anti-hypertensive drugs induced various degrees of hypertrophic regression.

Postural control in women with breast hypertrophy

Barbosa,Alessandra Ferreira; Raggi,Gabriela Cristina; Sá,Cristina dos Santos Cardoso; Costa,Márcio Paulino; Lima Jr.,Jonas Eraldo de; Tanaka,Clarice
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
OBJECTIVES: The consequences of breast hypertrophy have been described based on the alteration of body mass distribution, leading to an impact on psychological and physical aspects. The principles of motor control suggest that breast hypertrophy can lead to sensorimotor alterations and the impairment of body balance due to postural misalignment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the postural control of women with breast hypertrophy under different sensory information conditions. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 14 women with breast hypertrophy and 14 without breast hypertrophy, and the mean ages of the groups were 39 ±15 years and 39±16 years, respectively. A force platform was used to assess the sensory systems that contribute to postural control: somatosensory, visual and vestibular. Four postural conditions were sequentially tested: eyes open and fixed platform, eyes closed and fixed platform, eyes open and mobile platform, and eyes closed and mobile platform. The data were processed, and variables related to the center of pressure were analyzed for each condition. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the conditions between the groups for the area of center of pressure displacement and the velocity of center of pressure displacement in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral directions. The alpha level error was set at 0.05. RESULTS: Women with breast hypertrophy presented an area that was significantly higher for three out of four conditions and a higher velocity of center of pressure displacement in the anterior-posterior direction under two conditions: eyes open and mobile platform and eyes closed and mobile platform. CONCLUSIONS: Women with breast hypertrophy have altered postural control...

Postural control in women with breast hypertrophy

Barbosa, Alessandra Ferreira; Raggi, Gabriela Cristina; Sá, Cristina dos Santos Cardoso; Costa, Márcio Paulino; Lima Jr., Jonas Eraldo de; Tanaka, Clarice
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
OBJECTIVES: The consequences of breast hypertrophy have been described based on the alteration of body mass distribution, leading to an impact on psychological and physical aspects. The principles of motor control suggest that breast hypertrophy can lead to sensorimotor alterations and the impairment of body balance due to postural misalignment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the postural control of women with breast hypertrophy under different sensory information conditions. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 14 women with breast hypertrophy and 14 without breast hypertrophy, and the mean ages of the groups were 39 ±15 years and 39±16 years, respectively. A force platform was used to assess the sensory systems that contribute to postural control: somatosensory, visual and vestibular. Four postural conditions were sequentially tested: eyes open and fixed platform, eyes closed and fixed platform, eyes open and mobile platform, and eyes closed and mobile platform. The data were processed, and variables related to the center of pressure were analyzed for each condition. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the conditions between the groups for the area of center of pressure displacement and the velocity of center of pressure displacement in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral directions. The alpha level error was set at 0.05. RESULTS: Women with breast hypertrophy presented an area that was significantly higher for three out of four conditions and a higher velocity of center of pressure displacement in the anterior-posterior direction under two conditions: eyes open and mobile platform and eyes closed and mobile platform. CONCLUSIONS: Women with breast hypertrophy have altered postural control...

Electrocardiographic diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy.; Estudo eletrocardiomiográfico da hipertrofia ventricular esquerda

Carvalho, Flavio G. de; Rozenbojm, Jaime; Espósito, Ivanhoé
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
Eletrocardiographic changes observed in 141 cases of left ventricular hypertrophyare related. These findings were distributed in two groups: 1) Cases with suggestive electrocardiographic signs of left hypertrophy; 2) Cases with undoutable signs of left ventricular hypertrophy. The A.A. classify the electrocardiographic changes found in the above mentioned cases in two groups: fundamental changes and secondary ones. The fundamental electrocardiographic changes are: 1) R waye in V5 with more than 15 mm. of amplitude; 2) flattened,negative or diphasic T wave in V5; 3) late appearance of the intrinsic deflexion; 4) flattened, negative or diphasic T wave in D1; 5) widened, QRS complex in the classic derivations (0,10 of a second or more). The secondary eletrocardiographic changes are: 1) unleveling of the RS-T segment in V5;2) unleveling of the RS-T segment in V3; 3) flattened, negative or diphasic T wave in V3; 4) highvoltage QRS complex in the classic derivations; 5) left shift of the electric axis. Undoutable diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy was established whenever all five fundamental changes were found,or five fundamental changes plus one of the secondary changes, or three fundamental changes plus one of the secondary changes...