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A higiene escolar em Pernambuco: espaços de construção e os discursos elaborados; Hygiene education in Pernambuco: the spaces of the building and prepared speeches

Bezerra, Rozelia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/04/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Esta pesquisa foi dedicada à identificação dos espaços de construção e o discursos elaborados para a higiene escolar em Pernambuco. Especialmente propô-se a investigar a gênese e consolidação da disciplina escolar na instrução primária em três momentos distintos, e os discursos elaborados pelos livros didáticos indicados para o ensino da matéria, buscando avaliar as aproximações e distanciamentos com o conteúdo curricular. O marco inicial é 1875, por representar o ano de introdução da matéria Higiene no programa curricular, o segundo momento é 1904, considerado ano da consolidação das reformas de ensino que começaram em 1896. O marco final ou apogeu do ensino da higiene na Primeira República é o ano de 1928, quando se deu a reforma Antônio Carneiro Leão. Para isto pesquisou-se diferentes documentos oriundos da esfera pública, periódicos, livros autobiográficos, anaes e os livros didáticos indicados para uso nas escolas. Ao final da pesquisa percebeu-se que, na sua gênese, o espaço de construção do discurso para a higiene escolar, em Pernambuco, foi a educação tendo como mentor intelectual o Inspetor João Barbalho Uchoa Cavalcanti. Nesse mesmo ano a disciplina Higiene e noções de agricultura foi acrescentada ao programa curricular. Um dos livros didáticos indicados para seu ensino foi O Livro do Povo que...

Correlação entre métodos de mensuração da adesão à higienização das mãos em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal; Correlation between methods of measuring hand hygiene compliance in a neonate intensive care unit

Barbosa, Luciana Rezende
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/06/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Introdução: A utilização de métodos simples e de baixo custo para se medir a adesão à higienização das mãos em serviços de saúde torna-se cada vez mais necessária, a fim de permitir a avaliação da qualidade da assistência prestada, dos investimentos realizados e da eficácia das intervenções objetivando o aumento da adesão à prática. Objetivo: Correlacionar o método indireto de medir a adesão à higienização das mãos com o método direto em uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal de um hospital público universitário em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Método: Estudo analítico de observação direta da higienização de mãos de profissionais e visitantes. Paralelamente, o número de higienizações de mãos obtido por meio de contadores eletrônicos instalados no interior dos dosadores de sabão neutro e gel alcoólico. A correlação entre os métodos foi analisada pelo diagrama de dispersão e pela regressão. Resultados: Foram observadas 7.324 oportunidades de higienização de mãos em 255 períodos de uma hora cada. Foi identificada uma correlação positiva moderada quando a variável resposta foi a porcentagem de adesão e uma correlação positiva forte quando a variável resposta foi o número de higienizações de mãos. Conclusões: A existência de uma concordância e uma correlação positiva entre os dois métodos significa a possibilidade da utilização de métodos indiretos para monitorar o aumento ou a diminuição da adesão à higienização das mãos. O monitoramento dessa importante prática de prevenção de infecções permite aos serviços de saúde aprimorar a qualidade do cuidado assistido...

Effect of oral hygiene education and motivation on removable partial denture wearers: longitudinal study

Ribeiro, Daniela Garcia; Pavarina, Ana Claudia; Giampaolo, Eunice Teresinha; Machado, Ana Lucia; Jorge, Janaina Habib; Nordi Sasso Garcia, Patricia Petromilli
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 150-156
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two different preventive oral hygiene education and motivation programmes on the plaque and gingival index, as well as denture hygiene of patients provided with removable partial denture (RPD) during a 12-month follow-up.A total of 53 partially edentulous patients were recruited for this study. The presence or absence of plaque and gingival bleeding by gentle probing was scored on all tooth surfaces at the preliminary visit. The plaque and gingival indexes were measured using the Loe index. Following treatment, the patients were randomly divided into three groups. In Control Group I, subjects were instructed to continue their personal oral hygiene routine. In Group II, participants were given verbal instructions and a self-educational manual on oral hygiene without illustrations. In Group III, oral hygiene guidance was delivered using a combination of verbal instructions and a self-teaching manual. To evaluate the effect of the different modes of instruction, the presence or absence of plaque and gingival bleeding was scored on all tooth surfaces (day zero examination) and re-examined 7, 15 and 30 days, 3, 6 and 12 months following RPD placement. The state of denture hygiene was evaluated 7...

Higiene e cuidados com a genitália de mulheres na menacme : estudo de base-populacional = Hygiene and genital care of menacme women : a population-based study; Hygiene and genital care of menacme women : a population-based study

Virginia Pianessole Piassarolli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/12/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
A higiene é o conjunto de cuidados corporais, do ambiente e de um modo de viver, de se vestir e de habitar para evitar doenças com o objetivo de conservar e fortificar a saúde. Em se tratando de saúde genital, a relação não poderia ser outra, uma vez que esta é parte integrante e inseparável da saúde geral do indivíduo. Estas ações são dependentes da condição social da população e previnem complicações e desconfortos, especialmente na área genital feminina, porém ainda não foram bem estudadas. Objetivo: Avaliar hábitos de higiene e cuidados com a genitália de mulheres no menacme e associá-los com fatores sociodemográficos. Sujeitos e Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo de corte transversal de base populacional, por amostragem, em todas as 28 Unidades de Saúde de Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil. Foram incluídas aleatoriamente 474 mulheres, admitidas em seus domicílios, no período de Julho de 2012 a Dezembro 2013. Um questionário auto-respondido foi preenchido de maneira sigilosa contendo 56 perguntas relacionadas ao tema, divididas nos seguintes domínios: I Limpeza genital; II - Uso de absorventes higiênicos; III - Práticas depilatórias; IV - Uso de piercings e tatuagens genitais; V - Tipo de Indumentária e VI - Práticas sexuais. Além das variáveis relacionadas à higiene...

Hygiene habits and carriers in families with a child who has had typhoid fever

Alvarez,M. de la Luz; Wurgaft,Fanny; Espinoza,Julio; Araya,Magdalena; Figueroa,Guillermo
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/1992 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
The relationship between asymptomatic shedding of bacterial enteropathogens and the hygiene habits of families who have had a child with typhoid fever (TF) are investigated. The sample was made up of 80 families: 40 families in which one child had had TF (Group A) and 40 in which no children or either of the parents had had a history of TF (Group B). In each group 20 families belonged to a low socieconomic status (SES) and 20 to a high SES. A structured interview was used to evaluate the SES and the hygiene habits of the child; observations were made to measure the hygiene habits of the family (toilet, kitchen and food preparation) and bacteriological studies (fecal samples and hand markers). Results show that carriers were more frequent in Group A than in Group B. The bacterial species found were significantly more numerous in Group A than in Group B (fecal samples: E. coli, the classic serotypes, Shigella ssp, and hand markers: E. coli). Families of Group A had higher carriage rates than those of Group B. Finally there exists a significantly higher association between inadequate hygiene habits and carrier families. These results show the need to teach specific habits of proper hygiene to the entire population, because the fact of belonging to the high SES does not in itself preclude inadequate hygiene habits.

Oral hygiene and periodontal status among Terapanthi Svetambar Jain monks in India

Jain,Manish; Mathur,Anmol; Kumar,Santhosh; Duraiswamy,Prabu; Kulkarni,Suhas
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
The main objective of the study was to determine the oral hygiene levels and periodontal status among Jain monks attending a Chaturmass in Udaipur, India. To date, no study has been conducted on Jain monks. The study comprises of 180 subjects and the overall response rate was 76% among them. Oral hygiene status was assessed by the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) of Greene, Vermillion14 (1964), and periodontal status was assessed by the Community Periodontal Index. Additional information was collected regarding food habits, education level and oral hygiene habits. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Chi Square Test and Step-wise multiple linear regression analysis were carried out using SPSS Software (11.0). The results showed that the oral hygiene status of Jain monks was poor and only 5.6% of the subjects had good oral hygiene. Overall periodontal disease prevalence was 100% with bleeding and shallow pocket contributing a major part (72.8%) among all the age groups (p < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that oral hygiene habits, caloric intake and education level explained a variance of 11.7% for the Oral hygiene index collectively. The findings confirmed that Jain monks have poor oral hygiene and an increased prevalence of periodontal disease compared to that of the similarly aged general population because...

Hygiene practices for patients with HIV/AIDS

Cunha,Gilmara Holanda da; Araujo,Thelma Leite de; Lima,Francisca Elisângela Teixeira; Cavalcante,Tahissa Frota; Galvão,Marli Teresinha Gimeniz
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
The objective of this study was to analyze the scientific production on health interventions related to hygiene for adults with HIV/AIDS. An integrative literature review was performed using six databases in June 2013. The descriptors AIDS and Hygiene were used, in Portuguese, English or Spanish. A total of 682 articles were found and 16 were selected. Personal hygiene practices were identified, such as hand washing, showers, tooth brushing and quitting smoking. Food hygiene practices involved washing food and kitchen utensils, using treated water, conserving and cooking food. Environmental hygiene took into account raising domestic animals, control of disease vectors, household cleanliness, waste disposal and basic sanitation. In conclusion, these specific hygiene interventions can be applied to the general population and, especially, to people with HIV/AIDS, due to immunosuppression.

Water Treatment and Handwashing Behaviors among Non-Pregnant Friends and Relatives of Participants in an Antenatal Hygiene Promotion Program in Malawi

Russo, Elizabeth T.; Sheth, Anandi; Menon, Manoj; Wannemuehler, Kathleen; Weinger, Merri; Kudzala, Amose C.; Tauzie, Blessius; Masuku, Humphreys D.; Msowoya, Tapona E.; Quick, Robert
Fonte: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Publicador: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Access to safe drinking water and improved hygiene are essential for preventing diarrheal diseases. To integrate hygiene improvement with antenatal care, free hygiene kits (water storage containers, water treatment solution, soap) and educational messages were distributed to pregnant women at antenatal clinics in Malawi. We assessed water treatment and hygiene practices of 275 non-pregnant friends and relatives of the hygiene kit recipients at baseline and follow-up nine months later to measure program impact on non-participants in the same communities. At follow-up, friends and relatives who did not receive kits or education were more likely than at baseline to purchase and use water treatment solution (25% versus 1%; P < 0.0001) and demonstrate correct handwashing practices (60% versus 18%; P < 0.0001). This antenatal clinic–based program resulted in improved water treatment and hygiene behaviors among non-pregnant friends and relatives living in the same communities as hygiene kit recipients, suggesting that program benefits extended beyond direct beneficiaries.

Impact of a Hygiene Curriculum and the Installation of Simple Handwashing and Drinking Water Stations in Rural Kenyan Primary Schools on Student Health and Hygiene Practices

Patel, Minal K.; Harris, Julie R.; Juliao, Patricia; Nygren, Benjamin; Were, Vincent; Kola, Steve; Sadumah, Ibrahim; Faith, Sitnah Hamidah; Otieno, Ronald; Obure, Alfredo; Hoekstra, Robert M.; Quick, Robert
Fonte: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Publicador: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/10/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
School-based hygiene and water treatment programs increase student knowledge, improve hygiene, and decrease absenteeism, however health impact studies of these programs are lacking. We collected baseline information from students in 42 schools in Kenya. We then instituted a curriculum on safe water and hand hygiene and installed water stations in half (“intervention schools”). One year later, we implemented the intervention in remaining schools. Through biweekly student household visits and two annual surveys, we compared the effect of the intervention on hygiene practices and reported student illness. We saw improvement in proper handwashing techniques after the school program was introduced. We observed a decrease in the median percentage of students with acute respiratory illness among those exposed to the program; no decrease in acute diarrhea was seen. Students in this school program exhibited sustained improvement in hygiene knowledge and a decreased risk of respiratory infections after the intervention.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene : Interventions and Diarrhoea

Fewtrell, Lorna; Colford, John M. Jr.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
Many individual studies have reported results of interventions intended to reduce illness through improvements in drinking water, sanitation facilities and hygiene practices. This paper provides a formal systematic review and meta-analysis examining the evidence of the effectiveness of these interventions. Through a comprehensive literature search and bibliographic review, 2120 titles published prior to June 26th, 2003 were screened, 336 papers were obtained for a more thorough examination, and 64 of these papers (representing 60 distinct studies) were identified which detailed water supply, water quality, sanitation, hygiene or multifactorial interventions and examined diarrhoea morbidity as a health outcome in non-outbreak conditions. Data were extracted from these papers and pooled through meta-analysis to provide summary estimates of the effectiveness of each type of intervention. All interventions reduced diarrhoea morbidity, with pooled risk ratios ranging from 0.98 to 0.51 (where a risk ratio of 1.0 indicates no effect and lower risk ratios indicate stronger effects). The removal of poor quality studies from the analyses improved the strength of the intervention impact in most cases. The 95 percent confidence intervals (CIs) for the pooled risk ratios of various interventions overlapped...

Integrating Hygiene Promotion Into World Bank Projects : Experiences from Colombia and Peru

Florez, Rocío
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
This report has been created to provide practical tools, tips, and methodologies for project leaders to integrate hygiene components into their projects. It builds on available evidence about the contribution of behavioral change programs to the reduction of diseases, in particular hand-washing with soap initiatives, which can benefit health, environment, water, sanitation, and education projects. Project leaders should view hygiene promotion as a behavioral change process rather than a unidirectional media or education campaign. The knowledge generated from the research, enabling environment assessments, and other tools can be utilized in the early stages of project design and throughout the project cycle. It is crucial to understand the local environment to ensure that behavior change is sustainable once the project cycle is complete. Awareness of the importance of hygiene will vary in each region; therefore, every project must start with different assumptions. Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) and other partners continue to generate positive examples and lessons learned and transfer knowledge. For example...

Integrating Behavior Change and Hygiene in Public Policy : Four Key Dimensions

Florez, Rocio
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
During the past decade countries in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region have lifted more than 50 million people out of poverty, yet half of the rural population in the region still lacks access to sanitation and approximately 20 percent to drinking water. In January 2012, policy makers, scholars, and practitioners from nine LAC countries came together in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic to explore the opportunities and challenges of integrating in a more systematic and sustainable way the promotion of hygiene and sanitation behavioral change into water and sanitation investments. During the conference in Santo Domingo, it became evident that a common understanding is currently emerging from most countries in the sense that infrastructure by itself will not solve the global problems of inadequate access to improved sanitation and potable water, unless people adopt new behaviors. Therefore, there is a need to spread learning on best practices to implement cost effective water, sanitation and hygiene models...

Promotion of hand hygiene strengthening initiative in a Nigerian teaching hospital: implication for improved patient safety in low-income health facilities

Uneke,Chigozie Jesse; Ndukwe,Chinwendu Daniel; Oyibo,Patrick Gold; Nwakpu,Kingsley Onuoha; Nnabu,Richard Chukwuka; Prasopa-Plaizier,Nittita
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.9%
Background:Health care-associated infection remains a significant hazard for hospitalized patients. Hand hygiene is a fundamental action for ensuring patient safety.Objective:To promote adoption of World Health Organization Hand Hygiene Guidelines to enhance compliance among doctors and nurses and improve patient safety.Methods:The study design was a cross sectional intervention in a Federal Teaching Hospital South-eastern Nigeria. Interventions involved training/education; introduction of hand rub; and hand hygiene reminders. The impact of interventions and hand hygiene compliance were evaluated using World Health Organization direct observation technique.Results:The post-intervention hand hygiene compliance rate was 65.3%. Hand hygiene indications showed highest compliance rate ‘after body fluid exposure’ (75.3%) and ‘after touching a patient’ (73.6%) while the least compliance rate was recorded ‘before touching a patient’ (58.0%). Hand hygiene compliance rate was significantly higher among nurses (72.9%) compared to doctors (59.7%) (χ2 = 23.8, p< 0.05). Hand hygiene indication with significantly higher compliance rate was “before clean/aseptic procedure” (84.4%) (χ2 = 80.74...

Compliance to hand hygiene practice among nurses in Jimma University Specialized Hospital in Ethiopia: a best practice implementation project

Feyissa, G.T.; Gomersall, J.S.; Robertson-Malt, S.
Fonte: The Joanna Briggs Institute, The University of Adelaide Publicador: The Joanna Briggs Institute, The University of Adelaide
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
Background: Hand hygiene practice reduces cross-contamination and infection, and it makes sense from a resource saving perspective. The hospital costs associated with a reduction of four or five Health Care Associated Infections may equal the entire annual budget for hand hygiene products. Objective: The objective of this best practice implementation project was to promote evidence informed best practice of hand hygiene among nurses in Jimma University Specialized Hospital Out Patient Department. Methods: An inter-professional project team conducted baseline and post implementation audits using Joanna Briggs Institute Practical Application of Evidences System (JBI PACES). Using six audit criteria, 163 hand hygiene opportunities were observed for both a baseline and follow-up audit. Seven nurses were interviewed for the seventh criteria. Results: The baseline audit revealed a compliance of 2% for using an effective hand washing technique involving three stages, and 4% for washing hands that are visibly soiled with liquid soap and water. Post implementation audit showed an average of 80% improvement in compliance to the evidence based audit criteria for effective hand hygiene. Conclusions: This project showed that role modeling, posting reminders about hand hygiene procedures and presenting evidence summaries to the clinical teams are strategies that result in improved adherence to best available evidence for hand hygiene. Involving key stakeholders in identifying the strategies to change practice is essential for the realization of the implementation of effective hand hygiene. A regular program of random audits conducted by an inter-professional team can help to achieve sustainable compliance to effective hand hygiene.; Garumma Tolu Feyissa...

Validity of 5-year-old children's oral hygiene pattern referred by mothers = Validación del patrón de higiene bucal de niños de cinco años de edad relatado por las madres; Validity of 5-year-old children's oral hygiene pattern referred by mothers = Validacion del patron de higiene bucal de ninos de cinco anos de edad relatado por las madres

Cascaes, A.; Glazer De Anselmo Peres, K.; De Anselmo Peres, M.; Demarco, F.; Santos, I.; Matijasevich, A.; Barros, A.
Fonte: Revista de Saude Publica Publicador: Revista de Saude Publica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN; PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.9%
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of oral hygiene questions for children, as commonly used in epidemiological studies, and assess their validity by family income and mother's education. METHODS: A subsample of 1122 children from the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort, Southern Brazil (who had participated in a 2009 oral health study) was analyzed. The children received dental examinations, and their mothers were interviewed at home. The gold standard for oral hygiene was the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index; from its total score, the outcome was dichotomized into the absence (total score = 0) or presence (total score > 1) of dental plaque. The mothers answered questions related to their child's oral hygiene, including daily toothbrushing, toothbrushing before sleeping and the combination of the two (oral hygiene). These responses were dichotomized into regular and irregular. The validity was determined by calculating the percentages and respective 95% confidence intervals for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of dental plaque was 37.0%. The following sensitivities, specificities, positive predictive values and negative predictive values were observed: 29.6%, 82.5%...

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.96%
Better hygiene and access to drinking water and sanitation will accelerate progress toward two millennium development goals (MDGs): 'reduce under-five child mortality rate by 2/3 between 1990 and 2015' and "by 2015 halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation". Meeting the latter goal will require infrastructure investments of about US$23 billion per year, to improve water services for 1.5 billion more people (292,000 people per day) and access to safe sanitation for 2.2 billion additional people (397,000 per day). Water supply, sanitation, and hygiene are about more than health. Saved time, particularly for women and children, is a major benefit. Beneficiaries of water and sanitation projects in India reported these benefits: less tension/conflict in homes and communities; community unity, self-esteem, women's empowerment (less harassment) and improved school attendance (Water Aid 2001). Improved hygiene (hand washing) and sanitation (latrines) have more impact than drinking water quality on health outcomes...

Sleep Problems, Sleep Hygiene, and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptomatology in Young Adults

Bauermann, Tonya M.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 429750 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
The purpose of this dissertation was to examine the associations between sleep problems, sleep hygiene and ADHD symptoms in young adults. The first chapter of this dissertation provides an overview of ADHD in adulthood, and a review of the literature that has associated ADHD and sleep problems. This chapter also highlights the need to develop a valid and reliable instrument to assess sleep hygiene. The second chapter presents a manuscript which outlines the development of a new self-report measure of sleep hygiene in young adults. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to develop two sleep hygiene scales (substance abuse and poor sleep scheduling) and overall results indicated that the new instrument has sound psychometric properties, as well as good construct and convergent validity. The third chapter presents a manuscript which outlines two empirical studies that examined the associations between sleep problems, sleep hygiene and ADHD symptoms in young adults. Results indicated that young adults with elevated ADHD symptoms reported more sleep problems (specifically insomnia and sleepiness) and poorer sleep hygiene (specifically substance abuse and poor sleep scheduling) than young adults without elevated ADHD symptoms. Young adults with ADHD also reported more sleep problems even after accounting for substance abuse and poor sleep scheduling...

Health Professionals and hand hygiene: a question of pediatric patient safety

Botene,Daisy Zanchi de Abreu; Pedro,Eva Neri Rubim
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
This paper is a qualitative descriptive study, which aims to analyze how the academic education concerning hand hygiene contributes to the pediatric patient safety. This research was developed in an university hospital in Southern Brazil, in the pediatric unit, during the period of August to December, 2012. Sixteen healthcare professionals participated (doctors, nurses and physical therapists). A semi-structured interview was used to gather information. Data was organized by the software QSR Nvivo and analyzed using the content analysis technique. The results allowed us to list two thematic categories: "Hand hygiene and healthcare professionals' academic education"; and "Hand hygiene and professional life". The first thematic category will be presented in this paper. It was identified that the academic education contributes in an ineffective way to the creation of a patient safety culture. According to the professionals, there are gaps during the educational process regarding hand hygiene. The topic is treated in an ineffective and not very significant way to the learning and adhesion of hand hygiene in the professional life. It is recommended that, for the internalization of the practice by future professionals, a transversal, continuous and systematical approach is adopted during the professional's training...

Can Intense Exposure to Hand-Washing and Hygiene Information Campaigns Affect Children's Socio-Emotional Skills?; Evidence from Senegal

Borja-Vega, Christian; Briceno, Bertha; Garcia, Vicente
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.96%
Hygiene information and practices play a critical role in preventing diseases, particularly among children. Hygiene behaviors practiced in the household have been linked to development outcomes such as socio-emotional skills. This paper exploits data from impact evaluation surveys of a hygiene information campaign conducted in Senegal, where the randomized design suffered from contamination between comparison groups. The variations in exposure and intensity to hygiene information campaigns captured in the surveys were used to understand contamination biases. Such variations were interacted with the presence of household communication assets to explore potential effects on children’s socio-emotional scores. In the presence of contamination biases, the study exploited the longitudinal sample of children in the surveys to reduce time-dependent biases. For robustness, statistical matching was applied between the impact evaluation surveys and Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2008 and 2011. Socio-emotional outcomes were the imputed into Demographic and Health surveys to expand sample sizes. By applying matching techniques and imputing outcomes into a larger sample...

Validade do padrão de higiene bucal de crianças aos cinco anos de idade relatado pelas mães; Validación del patrón de higiene bucal de niños de cinco años de edad relatado por las madres; Validity of 5-year-old children's oral hygiene pattern referred by mothers

Cascaes, Andreia Morales; Peres, Karen Glazer; Peres, Marco Aurélio; Demarco, Flávio Fernando; Santos, Iná; Matijasevich, Alicia; Barros, Aluísio J D
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2011 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
OBJETIVO: Determinar a validade de perguntas freqüentemente utilizadas em estudos epidemiológicos sobre higiene bucal de crianças e compará-la segundo renda familiar e escolaridade da mãe. MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas 1.122 crianças participantes do subestudo de saúde bucal de 2009 da Coorte de Nascimentos de Pelotas, RS, 2004. As crianças foram examinadas e suas mães entrevistadas no domicílio. O padrão-ouro da condição de higiene bucal foi avaliado por meio do Índice de Higiene Oral Simplificado e a partir do seu escore total o desfecho foi dicotomizado em: placa dental ausente (escore total = 0) e presente (escore total ≥ 1). As perguntas testadas sobre o padrão de higiene bucal das crianças foram formuladas às mães e incluíram: freqüência diária de escovação, escovação antes de dormir e a combinação dessas duas (higiene bucal), com suas opções de resposta dicotomizadas em regular e irregular. A validade foi determinada por meio do cálculo dos valores percentuais e respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança de sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de placa dental foi 37,0%. Os valores de sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo foram...