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Avaliação da percepção da qualidade de vida e do estado psicológico de pacientes candidatos a transplante de fígado; Assessment of the quality of life and psychological state of candidates listed for liver transplantation

Martins, Patrícia Duarte
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/05/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
Nas doenças crônicas do fígado, especialmente a cirrose hepática, a qualidade de vida pode ser prejudicada devido à progressão clínica e presença de complicações relativas à doença, restrições na vida social e ocupacional, tendo forte impacto nas atividades diárias, desenvolvimento social e psicológico. Atualmente o transplante de fígado (TF) é a principal terapêutica para pacientes com doença hepática avançada, alcançando bons índices de sobrevida. Dentre os objetivos deste procedimento, espera-se proporcionar melhora significativa na qualidade de vida destes pacientes. A descoberta do diagnóstico e a possibilidade de submeter-se a TF podem provocar dificuldades subjetivas importantes que vão desde alterações na dinâmica familiar até o desamparo com sintomas de ansiedade, fobia, obsessão e depressão, nos mais variados níveis. O estado psicológico pode ser severamente comprometido nas diferentes fases do tratamento. Os objetivos do presente estudo foram: identificar o estado psicológico e avaliar o nível da qualidade de vida, relacionando-os à etiologia e gravidade da doença hepática, comorbidades médicas e tempo de espera em lista para transplante e descrever a freqüência de queixas somáticas...

O processo de escolarização e a constituição das funções psicológicas superiores: subsídios para uma proposta de avaliação psicológica; The process of schooling and the constitution of higher psychological functions: contributions for a psychological evaluation proposal

Lessa, Patricia Vaz de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
A Avaliação Psicológica é um dos temas de debate atual na Psicologia e, em virtude de sua complexidade, tem sido considerado ponto nevrálgico na área. Encontram-se na história da Psicologia, enquanto ciência, influências e diversas formas de avaliação, pautadas em diferentes concepções teórico-metodológicas. Nesta tese, a Avaliação Psicológica é tomada como objeto de estudo fundamentada nos pressupostos da Psicologia Histórico-Cultural cujas bases se ancoram no Materialismo Histórico e Dialético. Assim, o objetivo geral desta pesquisa se configura em formular uma proposta de Avaliação Psicológica, pautada nos pressupostos da Psicologia Histórico-Cultural, tomando como elementos constitutivos o processo de escolarização de crianças com queixas escolares e o desenvolvimento das Funções Psicológicas Superiores. Destaco como foco de pesquisa o processo de escolarização das crianças e como é possível que, ao se apropriarem da condição de produção das dificuldades escolares, desenvolvam suas Funções Psicológicas Superiores, e constituam formas de aprendizagem que se estabelecem na apropriação do conhecimento. Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa, de caráter interventivo, cuja convivência em campo deu-se durante nove meses em uma escola pública. Foram desenvolvidos os seguintes procedimentos metodológicos: acompanhamento da sala de aula no seu dia-a-dia; conversas com as professoras de séries iniciais...

A atenção na constituição do desenvolvimento humano: contribuições da psicologia histórico-cultural; The attention in the constitution of human development: contributions of Historical- Cultural Psychology

Leite, Hilusca Alves
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
A presente pesquisa teve como objeto de estudo o desenvolvimento humano em seu aspecto psicológico, mais especificamente a passagem das funções psicológicas de sua condição primitiva ou reflexa para voluntária ou culturalmente organizada e a reorganização que sofre o córtex cerebral nesta passagem. O objetivo principal consistiu em estudar o desenvolvimento das funções psicologias superiores na sua interfuncionalidade, enfatizando os aspectos do desenvolvimento da atenção no movimento de passagem de sua condição reflexa à voluntária. Como objetivos secundários, pretendeu-se a conhecer como a atenção e seu desenvolvimento são compreendidos no âmbito científico; destacar a importância de um referencial teórico explicativo do desenvolvimento humano que se ancore na discussão das apropriações culturais em detrimento das explicações exclusivamente biológicas; destacar a necessidade dos processos educativos para o desenvolvimento humano, inclusive da atenção voluntária. Para tal, foi desenvolvida uma pesquisa de caráter conceitual, alicerçada no referencial teórico interpretativo da Psicologia Histórico-Cultural, que tem entre seus fundadores os autores russos L.S Vigotski (1896-1934), A.R. Luria (1902-1979) e A.N. Leontiev (1903-1977)...

Bem-estar psicologico : investigações acerca de recursos adaptativos em adultos e na meia-idade; Psychological well-being : investigations regarding adaptive resources in adults and in middle-aged

Nelma Caires Queroz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/11/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
Estudo 1: investigou bem-estar psicológico em amostra de conveniência de 300 homens e 300 mulheres de 25 a 35 e de 45 a 55 anos por meio da Escala de Desenvolvimento Pessoal (EDEP), com 5 fatores. Os itens da EDEP e Fator 1 (auto-realização, crescimento pessoal e ajustamento psicológico) mostraram consistência interna satisfatória. Independentemente da idade, as mulheres tiveram maior pontuação do que os homens no Fator 1. As mulheres adultas tiveram médias mais altas do que os homens adultos nos Fatores 1, 2 (produtividade), 4 (preocupações com as próximas gerações); os homens de meia-idade tiveram maior pontuação no Fator 5 (compromisso com o outro do que as mulheres de meia-idade); os adultos pontuaram mais alto do que o grupo de meia-idade no Fator 4; o grupo de meia-idade pontuou mais alto do que os adultos no Fator 3 (cuidado) e no Fator 5. Conclusão: A EDEP total e o Fator 1 mostraram alta consistência interna. As mulheres independentemente da faixa etária e o grupo de meia-idade apresentaram mais autos-relatos positivos sobre o bem-estar psicológico. Estudo 2: investigou relações entre bem-estar psicológico, personalidade e enfrentamento em homens e mulheres adultos e de meia-idade. Foram selecionados os 40 participantes que tiveram maior pontuação e os 40 que tiveram menor pontuação na EDEP no Estudo I. Foram aplicadas as Escalas Fatoriais de Neuroticismo...

Quality and Social Responsibility: A view to continuous improvement and excellence in Portuguese Higher Education Institutions, the perspective of the students integrated in mobility programmes

Nogueiro, Teresa; Jorge, Fátima; Saraiva, Margarida
Fonte: ISCTE Lisbon University Institute and CIS – Centre for Psychological Research and Social Intervention Publicador: ISCTE Lisbon University Institute and CIS – Centre for Psychological Research and Social Intervention
Tipo: Aula
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
The Total Quality Management (TQM) is increasingly a need for organizations. The growing social concerns have led organizations to think evolutionarily in quality, especially those wishing to make an approach towards excellence. TQM can be used as a determinant of the development of a corporate culture ethically sensitive. Models such as the European Quality Award and European Foundation for Quality Management incorporate an element of social responsibility and management practices compatible with the defender of the ideals of Corporate Social Responsibility (Ghobadian and Woo, 1996 and Martin-Castilla, 2002, cited by Ghobadian et al., 2007). Institutions of higher education are among the group of institutions that demand excellence. The quality and social responsibility are factors that begin to be part of their strategies. Students from Higher Education Institutions (HEI) integrated in mobility programs, increasingly important stakeholders for these institutions, will have their own perspective on these matters which is important on the evaluation of HEI.

Psychological distress in health sciences college students and its relationship with academic engagement

Liébana-Presa,Cristina; Fernández-Martínez,Mª Elena; Gándara,África Ruiz; Muñoz-Villanueva,Mª Carmen; Vázquez-Casares,Ana María; Rodríguez-Borrego,Mª Aurora
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Objective: To determine the prevalence of psychological distress and its relationship with academic engagement (absorption, dedication and vigor), sex and degree among students from four public universities. Method: A non-experimental,comparative correlational, quantitative investigation without intervention. Study population: 1840 nursing and physical therapy students. The data collection tool used was a questionnaire. Results: A 32.2% prevalence of psychological distress was found in the subjects; a correlation between vigor and psychological distress was found for all of the subjects and also for women. High absorption and dedication scores and low psychological distress scores predicted higher vigor scores. Conclusion: The risk of psychological distress is high, especially for women. Women seem to have a higher level of psychological distress than men. Vigor, energy and mental resilience positively influence psychological distress and can be a vehicle for better results during the learning and studying process.







Psychological stress alters the ultrastructure and increases IL-1β and TNF-α in mandibular condylar cartilage

Lv,Xin; Li,Qiang; Wu,Shun; Sun,Jing; Zhang,Min; Chen,Yong-Jin
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Psychological factors can be correlated with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), but the mechanisms are unknown. In the present study, we examined the microstructural changes and expression of proinflammatory cytokines in mandibular condylar cartilage of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in a psychological stress animal model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (8 weeks old, 210 ± 10 g) were randomly divided into 3 groups: psychological stress (PS, N = 48), foot shock (FS, N = 24), and control (N = 48). After inducing psychological stress using a communication box with the FS rats for 1, 3, or 5 weeks, PS rats were sacrificed and compared to their matched control littermates, which received no stress and were killed at the same times as the PS rats. Body and adrenal gland weight were measured and corticosterone and adrenocorticotropic hormone levels were determined by radioimmunoassay. After hematoxylin-eosin staining for histological observation, the ultrastructure of the TMJ was examined by scanning electron microscopy. Transcription and protein levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were evaluated by ELISA and semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The PS group showed a significantly higher adrenal gland weight after 3 weeks of stress and higher hormone levels at weeks 1...

Cultural Consonance, Religion and Psychological Distress in an Urban Community

Dressler,William W.; Dengah II,H. J. Francois; Balieiro,Mauro Campos; Santos,Jose Ernesto dos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%
Cultural consonance is the degree to which individuals approximate prototypes encoded in cultural models. Low cultural consonance is associated with higher psychological distress. Religion may moderate the association between cultural consonance and psychological distress. Brazil, with substantial variation in religion, is an important society for the examination of this hypothesis. Research was conducted in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, using a mixed-methods design. Measures of cultural consonance were derived using ethnographic methods and then applied in a survey of 271 individuals drawn from four distinct social strata. Low cultural consonance was associated with higher psychological distress in multiple regression analysis ( B = -.430, p < .001). Members of Pentecostal Protestant churches reported lower psychological distress independently of the effect of cultural consonance ( B = -.409, p < .05). There was no buffering effect of religion. Implications of these results for the study of religion and health are discussed.

Family Cohesion and its Relationship to Psychological Distress among Latino Groups

Rivera, Fernando I.; Guarnaccia, Peter J.; Mulvaney-Day, Norah; Lin, Julia Y.; Torres, Maria; Alegria, Margarita
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
This paper presents analyses of a representative sample of US Latinos (N=2540) to investigate whether family cohesion moderates the effects of cultural conflict on psychological distress. The results for the aggregated Latino group suggests a significant association between family cohesion and lower psychological distress and the combination of strong family cohesion with presence of family cultural conflict was associated with higher psychological distress. However, this association differed by Latino groups. We found no association for Puerto Ricans, Cuban results were similar to the aggregate group, family cultural conflict in Mexicans was associated with higher psychological distress, while family cohesion in Other Latinos was associated with higher psychological distress. Implications of these findings are discussed to unravel the differences in family dynamics across Latino subethnic groups.

Shortened time interval between colorectal cancer diagnosis and risk testing for hereditary colorectal cancer is not related to higher psychological distress

Landsbergen, K. M.; Prins, J. B.; Brunner, H. G.; Hoogerbrugge, N.
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
Current diagnostic practices have shortened the interval between colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis and genetic analysis for Lynch syndrome by MSI-testing. We studied the relation of time between MSI-testing since CRC diagnosis (MSI–CRC interval) and psychological distress. We performed a cross-sectional study in 89 patients who had previously been treated for CRC. Data were collected during MSI-testing after genetic counseling. Psychological distress was measured with the IES, the SCL-90 and the POMS; social issues with the ISS, ISB and the ODHCF. The median time of MSI–CRC interval was 24 months (range 0–332), with 23% of the patients diagnosed less than 12 months and 42% more than 36 months prior to MSI-testing. In 34% of the patients cancer specific distress was high (IES scores >26). Mean psychopathology (SCL-90) scores were low, mean mood states (POMS) scores were moderate. Interval MSI–CRC was not related to psychological distress. High cancer specific distress was reported by 24% of patients diagnosed with CRC less than 12 months ago versus 39 and 35% by those diagnosed between 12 and 36 months and more than 36 months ago respectively. Distress was positively related to female gender (P = 0.04), religiousness (P = 0.01)...

Prosocial Spending and Well-Being: Cross-Cultural Evidence for a Psychological Universal

Aknin, Lara B.; Barrington-Leigh, Christopher P.; Dunn, Elizabeth W.; Helliwell, John F.; Burns, Justine; Biswas-Diener, Robert; Kemeza, Imelda; Nyende, Paul; Ashton-James, Claire; Norton, Michael Irwin
Fonte: American Psychological Association Publicador: American Psychological Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
This research provides the first support for a possible psychological universal: Human beings around the world derive emotional benefits from using their financial resources to help others (prosocial spending). In Study 1, survey data from 136 countries were examined and showed that prosocial spending is associated with greater happiness around the world, in poor and rich countries alike. To test for causality, in Studies 2a and 2b, we used experimental methodology, demonstrating that recalling a past instance of prosocial spending has a causal impact on happiness across countries that differ greatly in terms of wealth(Canada, Uganda, and India). Finally, in Study 3, participants in Canada and South Africa randomly assigned to buy items for charity reported higher levels of positive affect than participants assigned to buy the same items for themselves, even when this prosocial spending did not provide an opportunity to build or strengthen social ties. Our findings suggest that the reward experienced from helping others may be deeply ingrained in human nature, emerging in diverse cultural and economic contexts.

Racial Differences in the Psychological Functioning of Prostate Cancer

Purnell, Jason Q. ; Adams, M. Jacob
Fonte: Universidade de Rochester Publicador: Universidade de Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Rochester. School of Medicine and Dentistry. Dept. of Community & Preventive Medicine, 2009.; Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among men in the United States, and African American men have the highest prostate cancer rates in the world. Several studies have reported poorer health-related quality of life (e.g., disease-specific physical health and functional status) for African American men who have undergone standard treatments for prostate cancer. Relatively less attention has been given to psychological adjustment in the prostate cancer literature, and very little is known about racial differences in psychological functioning. A national controlled, randomized trial was conducted by the University of Rochester Cancer Center Community Clinical Oncology Program Research Base to test a supportive-expressive group therapy intervention in prostate cancer patients. The present study is a secondary analysis whose purpose is to compare the baseline psychological functioning of African American and white prostate cancer patients and to examine the effect of supportive-expressive group therapy on psychological adjustment for African American men. Results of this study revealed racial disparities in baseline psychological adjustment to prostate cancer...

Self-determination theory and the health gradient in the workplace : exploring psychological pathways to improving health

Gonzalez, Maynor G. ; Swanson, Dena Phillips
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Illustrations:ill.; Number of Pages:x, 67 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Margaret Warner Graduate School of Education & Human Development, 2012.; Health outcomes are associated with occupational status; the higher the occupational status the better the health, while the lower the occupational status the poorer the health. Persistent health differences across the occupational hierarchy are referred to as the health gradient. The health gradient can be attributed to differences in occupational wages, work risk, and lifestyle behaviors. However, the psychological mechanisms underlying these factors are not well understood. Little is known about the psychological pathways linking occupational stressors with health (Maier, Waldstein, & Synowski, 2003; Marmot & Wilkinson, 2006). Utilizing self-determination theory and employing a structural equation modeling approach, this study found that satisfaction of basic psychological needs (institutional and personal autonomy, competence, and relatedness) partially mediated the association between occupational status and general health: employees in higher status occupations experienced higher support for their basic psychological needs and reported more positive health outcomes, while employees in lower status occupations were less likely to have their basic psychological needs supported and reported ill-health. These findings came from a serious of self-reported measures of 471 employees at one of the largest corporate institutions in New York State. Employees represent different occupational groups...

Psychological distress and coping amongst higher education students: a mixed method enquiry

Deasy, Christine; Coughlan, Barry; Pironom, Julie; Jourdan, Didier; Mannix McNamara, Patricia
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
peer-reviewed; THE LINK TO THE DATA SET FOR THIS ARTICLE IS: http://hdl.handle.net/10344/4132; Background: Psychological distress among higher education students is of global concern. Students on programmes with practicum components such as nursing and teacher education are exposed to additional stressors which may further increase their risk for psychological distress. The ways in which these students cope with distress has potential consequences for their health and academic performance. An in-depth understanding of how nursing/midwifery and teacher education students experience psychological distress and coping is necessary to enable higher education providers to adequately support these students. Methods: This mixed method study was employed to establish self-reported psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire), coping processes (Ways of Coping Questionnaire) and lifestyle behaviour (Lifestyle Behaviour Questionnaire) of a total sample (n51557) of undergraduate nursing/midwifery and teacher education students in one university in Ireland. Individual interviews (n559) provided an in-depth understanding of students experiences of psychological distress and coping. Results: A significant percentage (41.9%) of respondents was psychologically distressed. The factors which contributed to their distress...

*Postsecondary access for individuals with psychological disabilities: An analysis of federal rulings and institutional philosophies, *policies, and practices

Chaffin, John Edwards
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
This study was a qualitative investigation, with demographic quantitative features, of post-secondary educational access and legal guidelines for individuals with psychological disabilities. Although disability laws have positively influenced post-secondary educational attitudes and practices relative to accommodating many individuals with disabilities, prevailing stigmas regarding mental illness have discouraged the equal access to higher education for individuals with psychological disabilities. Little research concentrating on this area was found.^ Thirty-six relevant legal case decisions, focusing on a variety of realms of higher education, were scrutinized. The policies, procedures, and practices of six Southeastern United States universities were analyzed through official documents and participant responses from disability service providers and other university employees. Comparisons were made between legal cases, and within and between universities. Case findings also provided standards through which participating university practices could be studied.^ The legal analysis revealed that most institutions did not discriminate against individuals with psychological disabilities. Practices of a few of these institutions, however...

Changes in the prevalence of psychological distress and use of antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications associated with comorbid chronic diseases in the adult Australian population, 2001-2008

Atlantis, E.; Sullivan, T.; Sartorius, N.; Almeida, O.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Asia Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in the prevalence of psychological distress and use of antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications associated with comorbid chronic diseases in the adult Australian population from 2001 to 2008. METHODS: Participants were 48,359 adults aged ≥ 25 years from the 2001, 2004–05 or 2007–08 Australian National Health Surveys. Clinically significant psychological distress was determined with the 10-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (using scores ≥ 30). Contemporaneous use of antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications and the presence of chronic diseases including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, asthma and arthritis were by self-report. RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of psychological distress was relatively stable (3.9 vs. 3.7%) between 2001 and 2008, but increased from 5.9 to 7.0% and 4.6 to 5.0% for people with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In contrast, the use of antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications decreased from 7.3 to 4.8% across all disease categories. On average, the odds of psychological distress and use of antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications was 1.15 to 1.59-fold and 1.10 to 1.64-fold higher, respectively, for all chronic diseases after adjustments for socio-demographic and lifestyle variables. After further adjustment for all chronic disease predictors fitted jointly...

Elite athletes’ experiences of psychological distress: a discursive analysis of athlete identity in contexts in which athletes are vulnerable to experiencing psychopathology.

Cosh, Suzanne Michelle
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Elite athletes have been reported to experience higher rates of various psychopathology, with the stress of competing at elite levels reported to exacerbate existing pathology (Brewer & Petrie, 1996). In particular, athletes have been noted to be susceptible to experiencing anxiety and depression during the transition out of elite level sport (Lavallee & Robinson, 2007; W. M. Webb, Nasco, Riley, & Headrick, 1998; Wylleman, Alfermann, & Lavallee, 2004), as well as being vulnerable to anxiety and stress during other transitions that they may encounter throughout their careers (Stambulova, Alfermann, Statler, & Cote, 2009). Additionally, elite athletes have been shown to be at risk in relation to their bodies, with athletes reported to have a higher prevalence of eating disorders, sub-clinical disordered eating (Johnson, Powers, & Dick, 1999; Milligan & Pritchard, 2006; Sundgot- Borgen & Klungland Torstveit, 2004), and the Female Athlete Triad – a combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis or osteopenia (Mendelsohn & Warren, 2010; Schtscherbyna, Soares, & de Oliveira, 2009; Yeager, Agostini, Nattiv, & Drinkwater, 1993), than non-athlete populations, as well as being more susceptible to Social Physique Anxiety (Haase...

Mental health in higher education. Prevention of suicidal behaviors

Santos, José Carlos Pereira dos; Cutcliffe, John; Dias, Carlos Manuel de Melo; Loureiro, Cândida Rosalinda Exposto da Costa; Simões, Rosa Maria Pereira; Leal, Sónia Maria Henriques da Cunha; Pinto, Joana Catarina de Oliveira; Pacheco, Carla Olívia Co
Fonte: International Academy on Suicide Research Publicador: International Academy on Suicide Research
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em 11/10/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Background: Young people entering higher education are faced with the need to, on the one hand, solve specific tasks inherent to the development phase that they are experiencing (namely, the construction of their identity, integrity, autonomy, self-concept, interpersonal relationships, and emotional management), and, on the other hand, respond to contextual changes and demands (Stocker & Faria, 2008). The degree programs in health sciences, such as the Nursing undergraduate degree, deserve special attention as they imply direct contact with psychological distress (Pereira, 2009). The Clinical Practice in Nursing (CPN) can have a significant impact on students, emerging as a demanding stage in their training path (Custódio, 2010). The results obtained before at the Nursing School of Coimbra with 776 students, for anxiety, stress, and psychological pain showed that females had the highest mean values in these dimensions, although boys also had high scores in the psychological pain dimension. In terms of years of study, 4th-year students had the highest levels of depression (Pereira, 2013). 5.22% of students had already suicidal behaviors, this being 4 times more frequent in girls than boys (Leal, 2014) Methods: The project will include selective...

Web 2.0 and Higher Education; a psychological perspective

Cunha, Luís António Morão Pinto Simões da
Fonte: [s.n.] Publicador: [s.n.]
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
Tese apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Doutor em Ciências da Informação, especialização em Sistemas e Tecnologias da Informação.; The emergence of tools like Blogs or Wikis made the creation of online contents much easier than before. The evolving concept of Web 2.0 emphasizes the fact that the user can now easily participate in the delivery of Web contents, taking advantage of existing tools. In this thesis, two empirical studies are described. The first study was conducted with the aim of understanding faculty’s perceived usefulness of Web 2.0 tools for their teaching practices. For this study, an online survey was used which allowed gathering the opinions of 681 teachers from 11 different Portuguese higher education institutions. The integrative models generated from this study revealed that attitudes and self-efficacy (i.e. perception of self-competence) were found positive predictors of faculty’s intentions to use, and actual using Web 2.0 (in general), and Facebook and Blogs (in particular). Social norms were found influential in faculty’s intention to use Web 2.0 (in general), and Facebook, for teaching purposes, but faculty members were only significantly influenced by their peers...

Acculturation, diet and psychological health of Asian international students at the University of Delaware

Jiang, Heng
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
Chai, Sheau Ching; Background: Accumulating evidence showed that immigrants change their diet and experience various psychological problems in acculturation process. International students in United States are increasing rapidly and more than 50% of them are from Asian countries. However, little is known about the diet and psychological health of Asian international students along with acculturation level. Aims: This study aims to describe the dietary nutrient intakes and psychological health status of Asian international students at the University of Delaware after their immigration to the U.S. Methods: Online survey was sent out including demographic questionnaire, dietary screener questionnaire (DSQ), Asian American Multidimensional Acculturation Scale (AAMAS) and Kessler 6 (psychological screener). Linear regression models were fit to examine the association between normally distributed diet and acculturation data and demographic characteristics. Beta and 95% CI were reported. For non-normally distributed diet and acculturation data, Kruskal-Wallis was performed and median and interquartile range were presented. Results: We observed a trend for bicultural food consumption. Individuals more acculturated to American culture had lower Kessler 6 score (Beta -0.04; 95% CI -0.3...