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Governance matters for the conservation of the urban heritage the case of four world heritage sites in Latin America = Importância da governança para a conservação do património urbano no caso de quatro sítios do patrimônio mundial na América Latina

Rojas Topp, Hector Eduardo
Fonte: Repositório Científico Lusófona Publicador: Repositório Científico Lusófona
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
A tese discute a governança do processo de conservação do património urbano focando os factores subjacentes que enquadram as decisões de conservação e influenciam a alocação de recursos para este esforço. A tese propõe um enquadramento analítico para estudar o processo de tomada de decisão de áreas patrimoniais urbanas utilizando uma abordagem baseada em valores. A utilidade do enquadramento é testada analisando quatro casos de preservação do património urbano em centros históricos da América Latina incluídos na Lista do Património Mundial da UNESCO: Oaxaca (México), Quito (Equador), Salvador Bahia (Brasil) e Valparaíso (Chile). A tese conclui que a conservação sustentável das zonas de património urbano exige: que a sua extensa gama de valores socioculturais e económicos seja apreciada por um amplo espectro de atores sociais; que devem participar ativamente no sentido de s tornarem atores comprometidos, e; alcançar um equilíbrio delicado entre conservação e desenvolvimento. Para tal, a conservação do património urbano deve ser plenamente incorporada nos objetivos de desenvolvimento da comunidade; Os sítios patrimoniais precisam ser disponibilizados para usos com a demanda solvente nas comunidades...

Política de patrimônio cultural imaterial na América Latina: análise dos processos de identificação e registro no Brasil e no México; Cultural Heritage Policy in Latin America: an analysis of the processes of identification and registration in Brazil and Mexico

Soncini, Luana
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/07/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
Há cerca de uma década a noção de Patrimônio Imaterial vem sendo incorporada às políticas de patrimônio dos Estados latinoamericanos, e também no contexto internacional mais amplo, a partir da Convenção para a Salvaguarda do Patrimônio Imaterial (UNESCO, 2003). Nesta dissertação são analisadas as experiências de identificação e registro de bens culturais desta natureza no Brasil e no México, por meio da apreciação de documentos oficiais produzidos no âmbito desta política, os Dossiês de registro realizados no Brasil e o Inventario del Patrimonio Inmaterial mexicano. Considera-se, a partir do histórico das políticas culturais e da relação entre Estado e cultura popular, que este tipo de reconhecimento tem características específicas na América Latina, configurando as potencialidades e desafios da implementação de tal política neste contexto. Partindo desta preocupação e da análise dos documentos mencionados, foram definidos dois eixos temáticos relacionados, que nortearam a comparação entre Brasil e México. O primeiro deles refere-se aos desdobramentos da ampliação da noção de cultura, que caracteriza este tipo de bem cultural, para as políticas de patrimônio destes países. Verifica-se que tal alargamento resulta na incorporação de tensões sociais igualmente amplas no universo de atenção desta área de intervenção estatal. No segundo eixo são privilegiadas questões relativas ao processo de atribuição de valor a estas manifestações...

Políticas públicas para o patrimônio cultural na América Latina: a experiência brasileira e equatoriana e o papel do Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento; Public policies for the cultural heritage in Latin America: Brazilian and Ecuadorian experience and the role of the Inter-American Development Bank

Pozzer, Marcio Rogerio Olivato
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
As reformas orientadas para o mercado realizadas no Brasil e no Equador a partir da década de 1980 e de 1990 diminuíram os gastos públicos e os recursos humanos das organizações nacionais de patrimônio cultural. Para suprir a demanda por tais recursos, surgiu, na arena política do patrimônio cultural, o agente financeiro internacional. Nesse contexto, esta dissertação busca compreender a relação de poder e as formas como são feitas as escolhas políticas entre os órgãos de patrimônio nacionais e a instituição multilateral que financia diversas políticas públicas culturais. Para tanto, partiu-se da experiência de dois países latino-americanos, o Brasil e o Equador, analisando em que medida os órgãos nacionais desobrigaram-se da realização das políticas públicas para o setor, sofrendo ingerência dos organismos financeiros internacionais. Estabeleceu-se como objeto de estudo três organizações o Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento (BID), o Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (IPHAN), no Brasil, e o Instituto Nacional de Patrimonio Cultural (Instituto de Patrimônio Cultural) (INPC), no Equador e recorreu-se à pesquisa bibliográfica, documental e de campo, bem como a entrevistas com gestores dos órgãos estudados. Confirmou-se a hipótese de que o processo de enfraquecimento das instituições nacionais de patrimônio cultural contribuiu decisivamente para que se retirasse...

O desenho da história no traço da paisagem : patrimônio paisagístico e jardins históricos no Brasil: memória, inventário e salvaguarda; History drawings within the landscape line : landscape heritage and historic gardens in Brazil - its memory, inventory and safeguard

Cristiane Maria Magalhães
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/05/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
O Desenho da História no Traço da Paisagem: patrimônio paisagístico e jardins históricos no Brasil - memória, inventário e salvaguarda é um estudo sobre o patrimônio paisagístico, a paisagem cultural e os jardins históricos no Brasil, no decorrer do século XX. A tese propõe realizar uma abordagem acerca do importante patrimônio paisagístico brasileiro, com especial atenção aos jardins de interesse histórico, transitando pelas percepções e nuances do termo paisagem. O eixo central da pesquisa girou em torno da construção da ideia de paisagem cultural, no Brasil, a partir da década de 1930, e como o órgão de preservação federal (atual IPHAN) patrimonializou os bens do patrimônio paisagístico ao longo das décadas de 1930-2010. O objetivo geral foi contextualizar, qualificar e pontuar sob quais circunstâncias foi protegido o patrimônio paisagístico brasileiro, a partir da década de 1930, abordando e explicitando como se deu a construção da ideia de paisagem cultural, em diálogo com as normativas internacionais. Os Jardins Históricos, uma das categorias do Patrimônio Paisagístico brasileiro, é tema privilegiado nesta pesquisa por ter se tornado o carro chefe quando da criação do Departamento de Patrimônio Natural dentro do quadro burocrático e organizacional da SPHAN/próMemória...

Almeida heritage as factor for local and sustainable development

Fonseca, Fernando Pereira da; Ramos, Rui A. R.
Fonte: Green Lines Institute for Sustainable Development Publicador: Green Lines Institute for Sustainable Development
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
This article analyses the potential of development in a rural Portuguese territory from the perspective of heritage and local heritage tourism. Heritage is clearly one of the most important legacies from the past to the present, a truism indeed, but of central relevance to tourism. Heritage is a rising tourist product, because visitors of heritage sites and places are looking for an experience, a new reality based on the (in)tangible remains of the past. As a result, local authorities and the policies of regional development are reconsidering and reinterpreting heritage as a marketable attraction with benefits in the conservation and economic domains. This article examines the case of Almeida, a territory which has a remarkable heritage, but is living a cycle of demographic and economic decadency. With a strategic marketing plan, following the territorial vision of local/regional entities, objectives and guidelines are proposed to promote sustainable development based on heritage tourism.

Rural areas, land planning and heritage evaluation: some educational proposals

de Mascarenhas, José Manuel; Themudo Barata, Filipe; Capelo, Sofia; Maharjan, Monalisa
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Aula
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Rural areas are frequently neglected in development politics and processes. This problem has become especially important in peri-urban zones affecting a large amount of people in what concerns mainly basic resources as well as livelihoods, pattern of life, heritage and culture, and identity. Only with land planning it is possible to condition the rural areas deterioration and preserve heritage values that are a resource with a real economic potential, although they are usually seen as a burden by communities. In rural areas, landscapes can be an important heritage asset. As stated by David Lowenthal (1993), landscape ‘subsumes three vital concepts: nature as fundamental heritage in its own right; environment as the setting of human action and sense of place as awareness of local difference and appreciation of ancestral roots’. UNESCO defines ‘cultural landscape´ as an illustration of the evolution of human society and settlement over time, under the influence of the physical constraints and/or opportunities presented by their natural environment and of successive social, economic and cultural forces, both external and internal. Several types of values can be conferred to the cultural landscapes. Being the heritage value one of these types...

Disaster Preparedness for Cultural Heritage

Johnnides, Christianna
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.9%
A comprehensive guide on disaster preparedness for cultural heritage was produced by the international center for the study of preservation and restoration and the committee of the blue shield about 10 years ago to provide guidelines for local and national authorities in countries and regions at risk of natural hazards. As seen in many countries where cultural assets are irreplaceably lost or severely damaged (e.g., the 2,500-year-old citadel of Bam in Iran was reduced to rubble by an earthquake in late 2003), practical precautionary measures can safeguard important cultural resources. For preventive conservation, risk management can provide a framework for decision making. There are four recognized steps to using a risk management approach for preservation issues: (i) identify all risks to heritage; (ii) assess the magnitude of each risk; (iii) identify possible mitigation strategies; and (iv) evaluate the costs and benefits associated with each strategy.

Investment in Urban Heritage : Economic Impacts of Cultural Heritage Projects in FYR Macedonia and Georgia

Throsby, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37%
Although World Bank projects in the cultural heritage field are subject to the usual assessments that are applied to any project implementation, little is known about the subsequent performance of these projects in the years post-completion. This study was undertaken to provide some empirical evidence for the economic impacts of cultural heritage investment. Two case studies were chosen for this purpose, in the historic town centers of Skopje, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Tbilisi, Georgia, respectively. The economic principles those are important for the analysis of cultural heritage investment decisions make use of concepts such as scarcity, opportunity cost, and public preferences. The study confirms the positive impacts of the investments. In the Macedonian case, the project helped to stimulate an ongoing investment of US$2.5 million in the project site, the Skopje old bazaar. Tourist numbers increased compared to the control site in Prilep; between 2005 and 2010, daily tourist numbers in the Skopje Old Bazaar increased by 90 percent compared to a slight decline in Prelip. Employment also grew more rapidly in the target site than in the control area. This study leads to some lessons for the design of heritage projects and for the conduct of an ex post economic impact evaluation.

Climate-resilient, Climate-friendly World Heritage Cities

Bigio, Anthony Gad; Ochoa, Maria Catalina; Amirtahmasebi, Rana
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
While the negative impacts of climate change on urban areas are well-known and widely discussed, its implicit impacts on historic downtowns have not been studied as extensively. In recent years, cultural heritage conservation and valorization have increasingly become drivers of local economic development. Many projects supported by the World Bank in this field help leverage cultural heritage for economic development while developing infrastructure and services for residents and enhancing the livability of cities. The World Bank has also been very active in addressing climate change risks and increasing resiliency of urban areas. This paper is an effort to merge these two critical agendas. The paper investigates the impacts of climate change on 237 world heritage cities (WHC) and provides an overview of the geographic distribution of these cities around the globe. It discusses the importance of historic downtowns and provides various options available to the governments of these cities to address risk mitigation and adaptation to climate change. Further...

Inclusive Heritage-Based City Development Program in India

World Bank Group; Cities Alliance
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37%
This report summarizes the motivation, objectives, methodology, results and lessons learned from the design and implementation of the Demonstration Program on Inclusive Heritage-based City Development in India. The development objective of this program is to test an inclusive heritage-based approach to city development planning in three pilot cities with a focus on learning and future expansion. The pilot cities include a metropolis (Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh), a medium-size city (Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh) and a small city (Ajmer-Pushkar, Rajasthan). The pilot cities have been selected on the basis of population, living standards in historic areas, heritage value and reform orientation. These cities represent India s diversity in terms of settlements as well as social and cultural heritage, and provide scope for customizing the tested planning instruments, specific institutional and financial arrangements and methods at an early stage. An initial activity is the first phase of a larger program aimed at providing national policy makers...

Balancing economic, social and cultural concerns within historic heritage conservation policy frameworks

Jay, Jeff
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.96%
On 6 April 2005 the Australian Government announced a Productivity Commission inquiry into the conservation of historic heritage within Australia. As part of the inquiry, the Productivity· Commission received over 400 submissions from various groups ranging from state and local governments to professional organisations and heritage councils. Some of these submissions were made to the original inquiry and about half were filed as responses to a draft report that the Productivity Commission published before the final report. The end product, Conservation of Australia's Historic Heritage Places, was tabled in Parliament on 21 July 2006. The Productivity Commission's final report made several recommendations concerning conservation policy framework. The Productivity Commission report was notable for the emphasis it placed on the rights of private owners and the costs often incurred by them due to heritage listing. While the Productivity Commission acknowledged the great benefits provided to the community by historic heritage conservation, the Commission did not feel that those benefits justified the burdens placed on private owners of heritage properties. Many of the recommendations within the report reflected this opinion causing the final recommendations to heavily favour private interests over the greater community. Due to the vast number of submissions received by the Productivity Commission...

Size matters : seeing the values in large technology heritage

Wain, Leonie Alison
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.95%
Large technology heritage objects are impressive, exciting and fascinating. They can also be difficult, dangerous and expensive. When working with large technology objects every project demands more resources, every triumph is more newsworthy and every mistake is more visible. With large technology objects “getting it right” is vital. This thesis explores what “getting it right” means in both affective and practical terms, and for both producers of, and visitors to, large technology heritage displays. During 2008-9 over 80 producers and 368 visitors were interviewed at seven heritage sites and, for comparison, one non-heritage site within Australia. These interviews were analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively to examine people’s attitudes to large technology heritage, and to understand the major influences that form, maintain and change such attitudes. The thesis also examines methods of interpreting and displaying large technology objects, as well as the impact of heritage industry standards on the preservation, restoration and management of large technology heritage. The results of the study indicate that, while the practical challenges of giving big, old machines a new life as heritage are formidable...

Conserving the Past as a Foundation for the Future : China-World Bank Partnership on Cultural Heritage Conservation

Ebbe, Katrinka; Licciardi, Guido; Baeumler, Axel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37%
The rich cultural heritage of China is an essential touchstone of its collective identity. The country's archaeological sites, historic architecture, expressive arts, cultural landscapes, and ethnic diversity also are treasured around the world. Despite their importance, China's cultural assets are under tremendous pressure due to the country's rapid development, particularly its rapid urbanization. Moreover, rising incomes and mobility have significantly increased domestic tourism, leading to the overdevelopment and deterioration of cultural heritage sites. However, many of China's government officials, conservationists, and community groups have recognized these threats and, over the past several decades, have worked tirelessly to protect their country's cultural heritage. Based on the 12 projects developed under this partnership, this report presents an overview of the project approaches and experiences, takes stock of the challenges, extracts initial lessons learned, and identifies new directions and challenges ahead. The principal audience of the report is national...

Road for Cultural Heritage : Policy Note on Cultural Heritage and Infrastructure Development in Timor-Leste

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37%
The purpose of this Policy Note is to survey Timor-Leste's cultural heritage in relation to infrastructure development and offer policy options for conserving and developing cultural heritage assets, particularly in relation to sustainable tourism. Infrastructure development can expose cultural heritage assets to new pressures that require new and/or improved measures for conservation. Equally, such development can unlock the potential of cultural heritage assets to provide opportunities for sustainable social and economic benefits for communities. As Timor-Leste makes major investments in its infrastructure in the coming years, it has an opportunity to maximize the benefits of its rich cultural heritage and minimize the risks of damage to important cultural heritage sites. Timor-Leste's cultural heritage is now subject to an unprecedented exposure to the impacts of infrastructure development. From 2008 to 2012, the national budget expanded fivefold, and the 2012 budget allocated 48 percentage of spending for infrastructure...

Cultural Heritage and Development : A Framework for Action in the Middle East and North Africa; Patrimonie culturel et developpement - cadre d'action pour le Moyen-Orient et l'Afrique du Nord

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.97%
The countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are blessed with an extraordinary cultural patrimony, secular and religious, of huge importance for each country and for humankind at large. The region is home to 48 sites already inscribed on the world heritage list maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and has an enormous nonmaterial heritage as well. The Middle East is also the cradle of the world's major monotheistic religions. This cultural patrimony is a cornerstone of many people's existence and nourishes their daily lives. It must continue to flourish. This report analyzes the cultural heritage sector in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the World Bank's policy and operational experiences in this sector over the past six years, 1996-2001. It has three objectives: 1) to explore the characteristics, capacities, needs, and constraints of the region's cultural sector and their relevance to overall country development; 2) to take stock...

Infrastructure and Heritage Conservation : Opportunities for Urban Revitilization and Economic Development

Ebbe, Katrinka
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Cultural endowments such as traditional architecture, unique streetscapes, and historic sites are increasingly recognized as important economic resources in both developed and developing countries. Cities are often an important focal point for development based on these resources because they provide concentrations of heritage assets, infrastructure services, private sector activity, and human resources. Improving the conservation and management of urban heritage is not only important for preserving its historic significance, but also for its potential to increase income-earning opportunities, city livability, and competitiveness. Many of the World Bank's client countries have been successful in supporting cultural heritage activities within some large infrastructure projects.

China : Shandong Culture Heritage Sector Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
Qufu and Zoucheng are two neighboring county-level cities in Jining Municipality, a poor area in the South-West of Shandong Province. The area was home to some of China's earliest civilizations, and rich in cultural heritage assets. Cultural heritage assets in the project area include the Confucius temple, Kong family mansion, and burial grounds complex, a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) world heritage site, as well as over 100 national-level cultural heritage assets. Qufu has a population of 640,000, covers an area of 896 k

A Vila Industrial e o patrimônio histórico arquitetônico de Campinas - SP : entre a conservação e a reestruturação urbana; The Industrial Village and cultural heritage of Campinas - SP : between conservation and urban restructuring

Rafael Roxo dos Santos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
O nosso estudo analisou como a formação do bairro da Vila Industrial em Campinas esteve associada à instituição de normas de preservação do patrimônio cultural e às tendências de reestruturação urbana, desde 1987 até 2013. O bairro da Vila Industrial formou-se às costas da Estação Ferroviária da cidade em área de dois cemitérios e na proximidade dos Lazaretos dos Morféticos, do Matadouro Municipal e do conjunto denominado Imigração. Desde o final do século XIX, constituiu-se como o lugar que abrigaria os trabalhadores da ferrovia, indústrias e curtumes num local considerado arrabalde insalubre da cidade. A produção de uma cidade segregada e o relativo isolamento do bairro conservou características arquitetônicas e culturais que deram identidade aos moradores do lugar. O espaço do bairro é formado por estilos arquitetônicos que ficaram marcados como rugosidades e hoje interessam tanto aos projetos de preservação arquitetônica como de transformação destas formas-conteúdos. Nossa pesquisa mostrou de que maneira a construção do Complexo Viário Túnel Joá Penteado, em 1987, esteve associada à produção de dezenas de condomínios de edifícios verticais e à formação de novos comércios e serviços no bairro; e a destruição do conjunto de habitações operárias...

Co-designing a collaborative with cultural heritage professionals

McDermott, Fiona; Maye, Laura; Avram, Gabriela
Fonte: Irish Human Computer Interaction (iHCI) Publicador: Irish Human Computer Interaction (iHCI)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.77%
peer-reviewed; The paper describes our work undertaken as part of a EU-funded collaborative project involving twelve partners from six European countries, aiming to provide a platform for the creation of tangible smart exhibits to enable heritage professionals to design and assemble physical artefacts enriched by digital content in a DIY manner. Our approach is grounded on principles of co-design, the broad participation of designers, developers and stakeholders into the process, and on a Do-It-Yourself philosophy to making and experimentation. Hands-on design and prototyping workshops are employed throughout the project to inform and shape development. The paper focuses on these co-design activities, wherein cultural heritage professionals (CHPs), designers and technologists work together in local and consortium-wide workshops to co-create the DIY platform. It presents the results of an investigation into the design thinking, practices, and processes of a particular set of users - cultural heritage professionals – who are involved in the design and realisation of cultural heritage exhibitions involving digital interactive technologies.

Culture apr?s le d?luge: heritage ecology after disaster

Morris, Benjamin Alan
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Department of Archaeology Publicador: University of Cambridge; Department of Archaeology
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
This PhD dissertation examines the relationships between cultural heritage and the environment, focusing specifically on the devastation and rebuilding of New Orleans, Louisiana after Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Departing from conventional approaches to the natural world (such as documentation- and conservation-based approaches), this thesis adopts a developmental-systems based approach to cultural heritage in order to construct a new way of interpreting it, within the specific context of natural disaster. This new approach, termed ?heritage ecology?, reinterprets cultural heritage in two ways: first, as a physical assemblage of sites, materials, traditions, beliefs, and practices that are constructed in significant ways by their natural environments; and second, as a metaphorical ecosystem which impacts back on the assessment and construction of that natural environment in turn. In order to construct this approach, the thesis poses three interrelated questions: how is cultural heritage transformed as a result of disaster, how do societies rebuild their heritage after disaster, and how does heritage contribute to the rebuilding process? Examining a rebuilding process in real-time provides a unique window on these processes; events and developments in New Orleans taken from the first four years of recovery (2005-2009) suggest that prior understandings of how societies rebuild themselves after disaster have neglected crucial aspects of cultural heritage that are integral to that process. The examination of data from the case study -- data of diverse forms...