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Protective effect of quince (Cydonia oblonga Miller) fruit against oxidative hemolysis of human erythrocytes.

Magalhães, A.S.; Silva, B.M.; Pereira, J.A.; Andrade, P.B.; Valentão, P.; Carvalho, M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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The aim of this study was to determine the phenolic content and evaluate the antioxidant activity of quince (Cydonia oblonga) fruit. For this purpose, fruits were separated into pulps, peels and seeds and methanolic extracts were prepared. The phenolic profiles were determined by HPLC/UV and antioxidant properties were studied for their ability to quench the stable free radical 2,20-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and to inhibit the 2,2’-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH)-induced oxidative hemolysis of human erythrocytes. The main phenolic compounds were 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid for pulp and peel (57% and 29%, respectively) and stellarin-2 for seed (18%). Total phenolics content was 2.5, 6.3 and 0.4 g/kg of methanolic extract for pulp, peel and seed, respectively. Pulp and peel extracts showed similar DPPH free radical scavenging activities (EC50 of 0.6 and 0.8 mg/ml, respectively), while seed extract presented much lower antioxidant potential (EC50 of 12.2 mg/ml). Under the oxidative action of AAPH, pulp and peel extracts showed significant protection of the erythrocyte membrane from hemolysis, in a time- and concentration- dependent manner. Seed extracts by themselves induced extensive hemolysis. These results indicate higher antioxidant activity for certain parts of quince fruit...

Hemolysis of human erythrocytes induced by tamoxifen is related to disruption of membrane structure

Cruz Silva, M. M.; Madeira, Vítor M. C.; Almeida, Leonor M.; Custódio, José B. A.
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: aplication/PDF
ENG
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Tamoxifen (TAM), the antiestrogenic drug most widely prescribed in the chemotherapy of breast cancer, induces changes in normal discoid shape of erythrocytes and hemolytic anemia. This work evaluates the effects of TAM on isolated human erythrocytes, attempting to identify the underlying mechanisms on TAM-induced hemolytic anemia and the involvement of biomembranes in its cytostatic action mechanisms. TAM induces hemolysis of erythrocytes as a function of concentration. The extension of hemolysis is variable with erythrocyte samples, but 12.5 [mu]M TAM induces total hemolysis of all tested suspensions. Despite inducing extensive erythrocyte lysis, TAM does not shift the osmotic fragility curves of erythrocytes. The hemolytic effect of TAM is prevented by low concentrations of [alpha]-tocopherol ([alpha]-T) and [alpha]-tocopherol acetate ([alpha]-TAc) (inactivated functional hydroxyl) indicating that TAM-induced hemolysis is not related to oxidative membrane damage. This was further evidenced by absence of oxygen consumption and hemoglobin oxidation both determined in parallel with TAM-induced hemolysis. Furthermore, it was observed that TAM inhibits the peroxidation of human erythrocytes induced by AAPH, thus ruling out TAM-induced cell oxidative stress. Hemolysis caused by TAM was not preceded by the leakage of K+ from the cells...

Loxosceles venom-induced cytokine activation, hemolysis, and acute kidney injury

SOUZA, A. L. de; MALAQUE, C. M.; SZTAJNBOK, J.; ROMANO, C. C.; DUARTE, A. J.; SEGURO, A. C.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Herein, we describe a confirmed case of Loxosceles spider bite that illustrates the critical complications seen in loxoscelism, including skin necrosis, rhabdomyolysis, hemolysis, coagulopathy, acute kidney failure, and electrolyte disorders. Upon initial assessment, laboratory studies revealed the following: the white blood cell count was 29 400 WBCs/mm(3), hemoglobin was 9.2g/dL, and the platelet count was 218000cells/mm(3). Coagulation studies revealed the following: international normalized ratio, 1.83; activated partial-thromboplastin time, 62s; D-dimer, 600 ng/mL (normal range < 500 ng/mL); free protein S, 37% (normal range = 64-114%); protein C, negative; and antithrombin III, negative. Various serum levels were abnormal: urea, 110mg/dL; creatinine, 3.1 mg/dL; indirect bilirubin, 3.8 mg/dL; creatine kinase, 1631 U/L, lactate dehydrogenase, 6591 U/L; potassium 6.2mmol/L. Urine tests were positive for hemoglobin and bilirubin. In addition, concentrations of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha were notably elevated in the serum. In conclusion, physicians must be alert to the possibility of loxoscelism when a patient presents with the clinical and laboratory findings described above, especially if the patient resides in an endemic area. Advances in our understanding of multiple pathways and mediators that orchestrate the response to Loxosceles venom might reveal new possibilities for the management of loxoscelism. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Identificação de protease(s) endógena(s) de eritrócitos humanos, ativada(s) por esfingomielinases D de venenos de aranhas Loxosceles, envolvidas no fenômeno de hemólise dependente de complemento.; Identification of human erythrocyte endogenous protease(s), triggered by sphingomyelinases D form Loxosceles spiders venom, involved in the phenomenon of complement-dependent hemolysis.

Melo, Alessandra Veloso de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/06/2010 PT
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Hemólise intravascular, causada pelo envenenamento por aranhas Loxosceles, é dependente da ação da esfingomielinase D, toxina do veneno que se liga à membrana dos eritrócitos e ativa proteases responsáveis pela clivagem de glicoforinas, tornando as células sensíveis à ação lítica do Sistema Complemento autólogo. O objetivo do estudo foi identificar possíveis proteases envolvidas nesse processo. A toxina foi expressa, purificada e apresentou suas funções biológicas ativas. O tratamento de eritrócitos humanos com a toxina removeu glicoforinas da membrana, não teve ação sobre Kell, CD59, DAF e CR1 e induziu a deposição de C1q, C3, C4, C5b-9, fator B e properdina. O pré-tratamento das células com os inibidores galardina, bestatina e fenantrolina reduziu a hemólise dependente de complemento autólogo. A ativação de proteases das membranas sobre o substrato fluorescente Abz-FRSSR-EDDnp, induzida pela toxina, foi prevenida por PMSF, simvastatina e fenantrolina, sugerindo o envolvimento de metalo- e serinoproteases no modelo de hemólise dependente de complemento estudado.; Intravascular hemolysis caused by poisoning by spiders Loxosceles, is dependent on the sphingomyelinase D action, a toxin that binds to the erythrocytes membrane and activates proteases responsible for the glycophorins cleavage...

Predição da hemólise fetal em gestantes aloimunizadas; Prediction of fetal hemolysis in alloimmunized pregnancies

Nishie, Estela Naomi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/06/2011 PT
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OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar fatores clínicos, laboratoriais, dopplervelocimétricos e hematimétricos preditivos da velocidade de hemólise entre a primeira e a segunda transfusões intrauterinas em gestantes aloimunizadas. MÉTODOS: Este estudo retrospectivo compreendeu gestações únicas, com fetos não hidrópicos, submetidos à primeira e à segunda transfusões intrauterinas pela técnica intravascular direta simples, acompanhadas no Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. Foram coletados os seguintes dados das gestantes: idade materna, antecedente obstétrico, antecedente obstétrico relacionado à aloimunização (classificado em grave, moderado, leve e nenhum), tipos e títulos dos anticorpos antieritrocitários e dados da transfusão intrauterina (TIU) (idade gestacional da TIU, valores da concentração da hemoglobina antes e depois da primeira e antes da segunda TIU, medida da velocidade sistólica máxima da artéria cerebral média antes da primeira e da segunda TIUs, volume de sangue infundido, concentração de hemoglobina do sangue transfundido, intervalo de tempo entre as transfusões e o tipo de punção uterina transplacentária ou não). Foram calculados a razão entre a quantidade de hemoglobina endógena em relação à quantidade total de hemoglobina após a primeira transfusão...

Search of intravascular hemolysis in patients with the cutaneous form of loxoscelism

Morena,Pasquale; Nonoyama,Kimiyo; Cardoso,João Luiz C.; Barreto,Orlando C. de O.
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/1994 EN
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Haptoglobin assay, a highly sensitive method to detect intravascular hemolysis was carried out in the sera of 19 patients referred to Hospital Vital Brazil with the cutaneous form of loxoscelism in order to investigate the occurrence of mild intravascular hemolysis. Data from this series did not show decreased levels haptoglobin, ruling out intravascular hemolysis in these patients with cutaneous form of loxoscelism.

An experimental model of hemolysis-induced acute pancreatitis

Saruc,M.; Yuceyar,H.; Turkel,N.; Ozutemiz,O.; Tuzcuoglu,I.; Yuce,G.; Huseyinov,A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2003 EN
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The literature indicates that acute pancreatitis is a complication of massive hemolysis with a prevalence of about 20%. We describe an experimental model of hemolysis-induced acute pancreatitis. Hemolytic anemia was induced in rats by a single ip injection of 60 mg/kg of 20 mg/ml acetylphenylhydrazine (APH) in 20% (v/v) ethanol on the first experimental day (day 0). One hundred and fifty Wistar albino rats weighing 180-200 g were divided into three groups of 50 animals each: groups 1, 2 and 3 were injected ip with APH, 20% ethanol, and physiological saline, respectively. Ten rats from each group were sacrificed on study days 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. Serum amylase, lipase levels and pancreatic tissue tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and platelet-activating factor (PAF) contents were determined and a histological examination of the pancreas was performed. No hemolysis or pancreatitis was observed in any of the rats in groups 2 and 3. In group 1, massive hemolysis was observed in 35 (70%) of 50 rats, moderate hemolysis in seven (14%), and no hemolysis in eight (16%). Thirty-three of 35 (94.2%) rats with massive hemolysis had hyperamylasemia, and 29 of these rats (82.8%) had histologically proven pancreatitis. The most severe pancreatitis occurred on day 3...

Effects of different general anesthetics on serum hemolysis and hepatic and muscular glycogenolysis in rats

Machado,E.F.A.; Normand,A.C.R.; Nunes,L.A.S.; Brenzikofer,R.; Macedo,D.V.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2009 EN
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Anesthetics can affect the structure and biological function of tissues and systems differentially. The aim of the present study was to compare three injectable anesthetics generally used in experiments with animals in terms of the degree of hemolysis and glycogenolysis occurring after profound anesthesia. Twenty-four male Wistar rats (330-440 g) were divided into three groups (N = 8): chloral hydrate (CH), ketamine + xylazine (KX), Zoletil 50® (zolazepam and tiletamine) + xylazine (ZTX). After deep anesthesia, total blood was collected. The liver and white (WG) and red gastrocnemius (RG) muscles were also immediately removed. The degree of serum hemolysis was quantified on the basis of hemoglobin concentration (g/L). Hepatic and muscular glycogen concentrations (mmol/kg wet tissue) were quantified by the phenol-sulfuric method. The CH and KX groups exhibited serum hemolysis (4.0 ± 2.2 and 1.9 ± 0.9 g/L, respectively; P < 0.05) compared to the ZTX group, which presented none. Only KX induced elevated glycogenolysis (mmol/kg wet tissue) in the liver (86.9 ± 63.2) and in WG (18.7 ± 9.0) and RG (15.2 ± 7.2; P < 0.05). The CH and ZTX groups exhibited no glycogenolysis in the liver (164.4 ± 41.1 and 176.8 ± 54.4, respectively), WG (28.8 ± 4.4...

A SENSITIVE AND SPECIFIC IMMUNOASSAY FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF THE ANTIBODIES PRESENT IN HORSE ANTIVENOMS ENDOWED WITH THE CAPACITY TO BLOCK THE PHOSPHOLIPASE A2-DEPENDENT HEMOLYSIS INDUCED BY SNAKE VENOMS

ROCHA CAMPOS,A. C. M.; FREITAS,M. C. W. DE; YAMAGUCHI,I. K.; MARCELINO,J. R.; DIAS DA SILVA,W.
Fonte: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Publicador: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1996 EN
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Phospholipase A2 (PLA2), a component of most snake venom toxins, cleaves 3-sn-phosphoglycerides releasing lysophosphatidyl-choline. The indirect quantitative assay method for PLA2 was standardized for specific antivenom titration in a fast and sensitive assay by the similarity with the hemolysis induced by PLA2 and by complement system in sheep erythrocytes. The curves obtained by plotting the degree of hemolysis against the doses of snake venom are concave to the abscissa axis following an equation similar to that previously described for the hemolysis induced by the C system. We observed that venoms of some Bothrops, Crotalus and Micrurus species contained around 1 x 10 to 10 Z/mg of venom, while the venom of Naja contained over one million Z/mg. Antibodies against PLA2 were titrated by incubating amounts of venom predetermined to give 1 to 5 Z with various dilutions of the antivenoms, and the remaining active PLA2 was determined in the hemolytic assay. We observed the following: a) the antivenoms contained specific antibodies against the PLA2 present in the corresponding venoms; b) cross-reactivity was not detected among PLA2 epitopes from venoms and nonspecific antivenoms; and c) the assay quantitatively performed determined the specific antibodies directed to epitopes on the molecule of PLA2. The method described in this paper is highly specific...

EFFECTS OF THREE FRACTIONS OBTAINED FROM Naja haje VENOM ON HEMOLYSIS AND LIPID METABOLISM IN RABBITS

EL-AAL,A. A.; EZZAT,A. R.
Fonte: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Publicador: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1997 EN
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Three fractions (F1, F2 and F3) were obtained from the venom of the Egyptian cobra Naja haje by gel filtration. F1 and F2 had indirect hemolytic effects on rabbit erythrocytes. The HU50 (the amount of the fraction causing 50% hemolysis ) values of F1 and F2 were 12.04 ± 3.89 and 36.57 ± 2.20 µg, respectively. The effects of the three cobra venom fractions on lipid metabolism were studied after 1, 2, 3 and 4 hours. Serum total lipids and cholesterol were significantly decreased at almost all tested times, but variable changes were observed in the serum triglycerides. Serum inorganic phosphorus levels were significantly increased with F1 and F2 administration more than that with the F3 fraction. These results suggest that F1 and F2 possess phospholipase A2-like activities and their effects on the lipid metabolism is more intense than that of F3.

Clinical aspects of hemolysis in patients with P. vivax malaria treated with primaquine, in the Brazilian Amazon

Ramos Júnior,Wilson M; Sardinha,José FJ; Costa,Mônica RF; Santana,Marli S; Alecrim,Maria GC; Lacerda,Marcus VG
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2010 EN
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This report describes the development of hemolysis in eighteen glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficient patients treated for Plasmodium vivax malaria with chloroquine and primaquine. The most frequent findings accompanying hemolysis were fever and leukocytosis, in addition to anemia requiring red blood cell transfusion, and development of acute renal failure. Hemolysis in patients using primaquine is not infrequent and contributes to the morbidity of infection caused by Plasmodium vivax.

Low bone mass density is associated with hemolysis in brazilian patients with sickle cell disease

Baldanzi,Gabriel; Traina,Fabiola; Marques Neto,João Francisco; Santos,Allan Oliveira; Ramos,Celso Dario; Saad,Sara T Olalla
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
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OBJECTIVES: To determine whether kidney disease and hemolysis are associated with bone mass density in a population of adult Brazilian patients with sickle cell disease. INTRODUCTION: Bone involvement is a frequent clinical manifestation of sickle cell disease, and it has multiple causes; however, there are few consistent clinical associations between bone involvement and sickle cell disease. METHODS: Patients over 20 years of age with sickle cell disease who were regularly followed at the Hematology and Hemotherapy Center of Campinas, Brazil, were sorted into three groups, including those with normal bone mass density, those with osteopenia, and those with osteoporosis, according to the World Health Organization criteria. The clinical data of the patients were compared using statistical analyses. RESULTS: In total, 65 patients were included in this study: 12 (18.5%) with normal bone mass density, 37 (57%) with osteopenia and 16 (24.5%) with osteoporosis. Overall, 53 patients (81.5%) had bone mass densities below normal standards. Osteopenia and osteoporosis patients had increased lactate dehydrogenase levels and reticulocyte counts compared to patients with normal bone mass density (p<0.05). Osteoporosis patients also had decreased hemoglobin levels (p<0.05). Hemolysis was significantly increased in patients with osteoporosis compared with patients with osteopenia...

Hydroxytamoxifen interaction with human erythrocyte membrane and induction of permeabilization and subsequent hemolysis

Cruz Silva, M. M.; Madeira, V. M. C.; Almeida, L. M.; Custódio, J. B. A.
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: aplication/PDF
ENG
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4-Hydroxytamoxifen (OHTAM) is the most active metabolite of the widely prescribed anticancer drug tamoxifen (TAM) used in breast cancer therapy. This work describes the effects of OHTAM on isolated human erythrocytes, using standardized test conditions, to check for a putative contribution to the TAM-induced hemolysis and to study basic mechanisms involved in the interaction of OHTAM with cell membranes. Incubation of isolated human erythrocytes with relatively high concentrations of OHTAM results in a concentration-dependent hemolysis, its hemolytic effect being about one-third of that induced by TAM. OHTAM-induced hemolysis is prevented by either [alpha]-tocopherol ([alpha]-T) or [alpha]-tocopherol acetate ([alpha]-TAc) and it occurs in the absence of oxygen consumption and hemoglobin oxidation, ruling out the oxidative damage of erythrocytes. However, OHTAM remarkably increases the osmotic fragility of erythrocytes, increasing the susceptibility of erythrocytes to hypotonic lysis. Additionally, the hemoglobin release induced by OHTAM is preceded by a rapid efflux of intracellular K+. Therefore, our data suggest that OHTAM-induced hemolysis does not contribute to TAM-induced hemolytic anemia and it is a much weaker toxic drug as compared with TAM. Moreover...

Hemolysis and antihemolysis induced by amino acid-based surfactants

Sánchez, Lourdes; Martínez, Verónica; Infante, María Rosa; Mitjans, Montserrat; Vinardell, M. Pilar
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 19968 bytes; application/msword
ENG
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8 pages, 3 figures.-- PMID: 17293064 [PubMed].-- Printed version published on Mar 8, 2007.; Surfactants have the special ability to interact with the lipid bilayer of cell membranes. The red blood cell is one of the most used cellular membrane models to study the mechanisms underlying surfactant-induced osmotic cell resistance. To increase our knowledge regarding the mechanisms of surfactant membrane interaction, we studied the action of five lysine-derivative anionic and three arginine-derivative cationic amino acid-based surfactants on hypotonic hemolysis. Results showed two different antihemolytic behaviors among amino acid-based surfactants, both related to the maximal protective concentration. How the physico-chemical properties and structure of these compounds determine the protection against hypotonic hemolysis is discussed in detail. We found a good correlation between the CMC and the concentrations resulting in maximum protection against hypotonic hemolysis for the cationic surfactants, but no correlation for the anionic surfactants. In the case of lysine derivative surfactants, which only differ in their counterions, the counterion is implicated in the differences in the antihemolytic potency and the hemolytic activities of this.; This research was supported by the Project PPQ- 2003-01834 from MCTE (Spain). Verónica Martínez and Lourdes Sánchez hold doctoral grants from Universitat de Barcelona (Spain) and Unidad Asociada-CSIC (Spain)...

Evaluation of CFD based hemolysis prediction methods

Myagmar, Oyuna
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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Accurate quantitative evaluation of shear stress-related hemolysis (destruction of red blood cells) could be used to improve blood handling devices, including left ventricular assist devices (LVAD). Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) predicts the fluid dynamics of complex pump geometry and has been used to track the shear stress history of red blood cells as they travel through these devices. Several models that predict the relationship between hemolysis, shear stress and exposure time have been used to evaluate the hemolysis in the pumps. However, the prediction accuracy has not reached the satisfactory level. The goal of my thesis is to investigate the application of CFD in determining hemolysis using different hemolysis prediction methods. • This approach is two-fold. First it is done on a simplified geometry designed to produce known and controllable shear stresses. This device is known as the mag-lev shearing device and was designed using CFD in order to study erythrocyte damage in terms of the effects of shear stress. This mathematical solution for annular shearing device will be used to verify computational data. • Secondly, I applied the same methods to the LEV-VAD pump, currently under development at RIT. The grid independent mesh was obtained for RIT axial pump and was utilized for further studies. In Characteristic curve (Pressure vs. Flow)...

Footstrike is the major cause of hemolysis during running

Telford, R D; Sly, Gregory; Hahn, Allan G; Cunningham, Ross; Bryant, Christopher; Smith, J A
Fonte: American Physiological Society Publicador: American Physiological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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There is a wide body of literature reporting red cell hemolysis as occurring after various forms of exercise. Whereas the trauma associated with footstrike is thought to be the major cause of hemolysis after running, its significance compared with hemolysis that results from other circulatory stresses on the red blood cell has not been thoroughly addressed. To investigate the significance of footstrike, we measured the degree of hemolysis after 1 h of running. To control for the potential effects of oxidative and circulatory stresses on the red blood cell, the same subjects cycled for 1 h at equivalent oxygen uptake. Our subjects were 10 male triathletes, who each completed two separate 1-h sessions of running and cycling at 75% peak oxygen uptake, which were performed in random order 1 wk apart. Plasma free hemoglobin and serum haptoglobin concentrations were measured as indicators of hemolysis. We also measured methemoglobin as a percentage of total hemoglobin immediately postexercise as an indicator of red cell oxidative stress. Plasma free hemoglobin increased after both running (P < 0.01) and cycling (P < 0.01), but the increase was fourfold greater after running (P < 0.01). This was reflected by a significant fall in haptoglobin 1 h after the running trials...

Pesquisa de hemólise intravascular na forma cutânea de loxoscelismo; Search of intravascular hemolysis in patients with the cutaneous form of loxoscelism

Morena, Pasquale; Nonoyama, Kimiyo; Cardoso, João Luiz C.; Barreto, Orlando C. de O.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/1994 ENG
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Dezenove pacientes que apresentaram a forma clínica cutânea do loxoscelismo foram investigados com o propósito de pesquisar hemólise intravascular sub-clínica, lançando mão da dosagem de haptoglobina, um método altamente sensível que permite detectar discreta presença de hemólise intravascular. Não foi encontrada diminuição de haptoglobina, o que descarta uma ação hemolítica do veneno da Loxosceles nestes pacientes.; Haptoglobin assay, a highly sensitive method to detect intravascular hemolysis was carried out in the sera of 19 patients referred to Hospital Vital Brazil with the cutaneous form of loxoscelism in order to investigate the occurrence of mild intravascular hemolysis. Data from this series did not show decreased levels haptoglobin, ruling out intravascular hemolysis in these patients with cutaneous form of loxoscelism.

HEMOLISIS DE ERITROCITOS EN DISPOSITIVOS DE INFUSIÓN: REVISIÓN INTEGRATIVA DE LA LITERATURA; HEMOLYSIS OF ERYTHROCYTES IN INTRAVENOUS INFUSION DEVICES: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE; HEMÓLISE DE ERITRÓCITOS EM DISPOSITIVOS DE INFUSÃO INTRAVENOSA: REVISÃO INTEGRATIVA DA LITERATURA

Pardo, Larissa Perez; Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP; Kusahara, Denise Miyuki; Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP; Peterllini, Maria Angélica Sorgini; Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP; Avelar, Ariane Ferreira Machado;
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Paraná Publicador: Universidade Federal do Paraná
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 31/03/2015 POR; ENG
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Hemolisis extracorpórea puede ser identificada durante procesos hemoterápicos. El enfermero es uno de los profesionales responsables por la administración de hemocomponentes y control de posibles riesgos, por lo tanto debe apropriarse de conocimientos para garantizar la práctica clínica. El objetivo fue identificar en la literatura aspectos de la hemolisis en concentrados de hematíes decurrentes de administración de sangre por dispositivos de infusión intravenosa. Fue realizada revisión integrativa de la literatura. Se utilizaron ar tículos en lengua inglesa, española y por tuguesa, sin delimitación de fecha, indexados en cuatro bases de datos. Fueron seleccionadas 12 (100,0%) producciones científicas, siendo que en siete (58,3%) fueron analizadas bombas de infusión, en dos (16,7%) la manipulación de eritrocitos, en dos (16,7%) la hemolisis con combinaciones de dispositivos y en una (8,3%) catéter intravenoso. Los resultados de cuatro (33,3%) de estos estudios evidenciaron ocurrencia de hemolisis. Los estudios apuntaron que puede ocurrir hemolisis durante la pasaje del componente por bombas de infusión y catéteres.; Extracorporeal hemolysis may be identified during hemotherapy. The nurse is one of the professionals responsible for the administration of blood components and the control of possible risks...

Auxiliary tools in tuberculosis: The hemolysis in pleural fluids underestimate the values of adenosine deaminase activity determined by the method of Giusti

Coitinho,C.; Rivas,C.
Fonte: Revista argentina de microbiología Publicador: Revista argentina de microbiología
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
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The increase of adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in pleural fluids (PF) is considered a useful tool in the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis. It is known that numerous photometric methods are interfered by the hemolysis, as a result, hemolyzed specimens -or with blood- received in the laboratory are frequently rejected. In order to establish if the values of ADA were affected by the hemolysis or blood, ADA was determined in individual and pooled PF samples with the aggregate of erythrocyte lysate (H) or hemolyzed whole blood (HWB) from 312 mg/l to 12 g/l (final concentrations of hemoglobin in the samples), and plasma in appropriate dilutions. Negative interferences were caused by the H and HWB, starting already of 500 mg/l with relative errors until 50% in some cases, depending on the ADA activity. Increments of hemoglobin increased the negative interference. The aggregate of plasma increased slightly the ADA activity although it was insufficient for neutralize the negative effect of hemolysis. The clinical significance of the negative interference is in relation to the amount of hemoglobin present in the sample and the ADA activity. Near the cutoff (40 U/l) this interference can lead to discard erroneously the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis.

Turbulence modeling in the numerical estimation of hemolysis in hemodialysis cannulae

Salazar,Félix A; Rojas-Solórzano,Luis R; Blanco,Armando J
Fonte: Universidad Central de Venezuela Publicador: Universidad Central de Venezuela
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2008 EN
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In recent years, CFD has become an increasingly used tool in the design of blood-based devices. Particularly, the estimation of red blood cells damage (hemolysis) becomes a very important challenge to CFD scientists since the blood is a complex fluid present in turbulent regime in most pumping devices. Thus, previous CFD studies on blood hemolysis lack of appropriate turbulence modeling and consequently, reliable relationships between hydraulic results and hematological responses. Cannula geometries were studied to numerically assess a relatively simple flow with well documented laboratory hematological data. For benchmarking purposes, numerical data from a coaxial jet array direct numerical simulation (DNS) was used in the selection of the most appropriate and economical turbulence model to be used in the cannula numerical analysis. Velocity and stress time-averaged profiles were compared between DNS results and RANS simulations with different turbulence models. These results, pointed to the Shear Stress Transport with Gamma-Theta transition model as the appropriate turbulence model in that geometry. Accurate and reliable hydrodynamic CFD results were obtained for the cannula as an important previous step to the study and development of further hematological calculations with a minimum degree of uncertainty in the flow field. These hematological calculations led to interesting results about the important role played by turbulence modeling in hemolysis estimation.