Página 1 dos resultados de 1294 itens digitais encontrados em 0.008 segundos

Atividades educativas de trabalhadores na atenção primária: concepções de educação permanente e de educação continuada em saúde presentes no cotidiano de Unidades Básicas de Saúde em São Paulo; Educational activities for primary healthcare workers: permanent education and inservice healthcare education concepts in the daily life of primary healthcare units in São Paulo; Actividades educativas de trabajadores en la atención primaria: concepciones de educación permanente y de educación continuada en salud presentes en el quehacer cotidiano de Unidades Básicas de Salud en Sao Paulo, Brasil

PEDUZZI, Marina; GUERRA, Débora Antoniazi Del; BRAGA, Carina Pinto; LUCENA, Fabiana Santos; SILVA, Jaqueline Alcântara Marcelino da
Fonte: Revista Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação Publicador: Revista Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.45%
Esta pesquisa tem o objetivo de analisar a prática de atividades educativas de trabalhadores da saúde em Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS) segundo as concepções de educação permanente em saúde (EPS) e de educação continuada (EC), processo de trabalho em saúde e enfermagem, trabalho em equipe e integralidade. Estudo do tipo transversal, realizado em dez UBS do Município de São Paulo, por meio de entrevista dirigida com 110 informantes-chave, representantes de todas as categorias profissionais e equipes das UBS, sobre as atividades educativas desenvolvidas em 2005. As informações foram classificadas segundo categorias operacionais para cada variável de estudo, com base no referencial teórico. Os trabalhadores relataram 396 atividades educativas, que revelam a complementaridade das concepções de EPS e EC. De acordo com a perspectiva do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e da transformação das práticas de saúde, coloca-se a necessidade de ampliação do debate em torno da EPS como política pública.; The objective of this study was to analyze the educational activity practices among healthcare workers in primary healthcare units (PHUs) according to the concepts of permanent healthcare education (EPS) and continuing education (CE)...

Hepatitis B revaccination for healthcare workers who are anti-HBs-negative after receiving a primary vaccination series; Revacinação contra hepatite B para profissionais de saúde com anti-HBs negativo após receber esquema primário de vacinação completo

Lopes, Marta Heloisa; Sartori, Ana Marli Christovam; Souza, Tatiany Viviany Gonçalves; Mascheretti, Melissa; Chaves, Tânia do Socorro Souza
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the response to hepatitis B (HB) revaccination of healthcare workers (HCW) who are negative for antibodies to HB surface antigen (anti-HBs) after a complete vaccination series. METHODS: HCW whose anti-HBs test was performed > 90 days after a HB vaccination course were given a 4th dose. A post-vaccination test was done within 30 to 90 days. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy HCW were enrolled: 126 (74.1%) were anti-HBs-positive after the 4th dose. CONCLUSIONS: Rechecking anti-HBs after the 4th HB vaccine dose is a practical approach in case of post-vaccination tests performed >90 days after the full vaccination course.

Predictors of adherence to influenza vaccination for healthcare workers from a teaching hospital: a study in the prepandemic era

Cavalcante, Ricardo de Souza; Zambonatto Jorge, Aline Maia; Castelo Branco Fortaleza, Carlos Magno
Fonte: Soc Brasileira Medicina Tropical Publicador: Soc Brasileira Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 611-614
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
Introduction: Even before the 2009 pandemics, influenza in healthcare workers (HCW) was a known threat to patient safety, while Influenza vaccine coverage in the same group was generally low. Identification of predictors for HCW adherence to Influenza vaccination has challenged infection control committees. Methods: Our group conducted a cross-sectional survey in December 2007, interviewing 125 HCWs from a teaching hospital to identify adherence predictors for Influenza vaccination. The outcomes of interest were: A - adherence to the 2007 vaccination campaign; B - adherence to at least three yearly campaigns in the past five years. Demographic and professional data were assessed through univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: of the HCWs interviewed, 43.2% were vaccinated against Influenza in 2007. However, only 34.3% of HCWs working in healthcare for more than five years had adhered to at least three of the last five vaccination campaigns. Multivariate analysis showed that working in a pediatric unit (OR = 7.35, 95% I = 1.90-28.44, p = 0.004) and number of years in the job (OR = 1.32, 95%CI = 1.00-1.74, p = 0.049) were significant predictors of adherence to the 2007 campaign. Physicians returned the worst outcome performances in A (OR = 0.40...

Predictors of adherence to influenza vaccination for healthcare workers from a teaching hospital: a study in the prepandemic era

Cavalcante,Ricardo de Souza; Jorge,Aline Maia Zambonatto; Fortaleza,Carlos Magno Castelo Branco
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
INTRODUCTION: Even before the 2009 pandemics, influenza in healthcare workers (HCW) was a known threat to patient safety, while Influenza vaccine coverage in the same group was generally low. Identification of predictors for HCW adherence to Influenza vaccination has challenged infection control committees. METHODS: Our group conducted a cross-sectional survey in December 2007, interviewing 125 HCWs from a teaching hospital to identify adherence predictors for Influenza vaccination. The outcomes of interest were: A - adherence to the 2007 vaccination campaign; B - adherence to at least three yearly campaigns in the past five years. Demographic and professional data were assessed through univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Of the HCWs interviewed, 43.2% were vaccinated against Influenza in 2007. However, only 34.3% of HCWs working in healthcare for more than five years had adhered to at least three of the last five vaccination campaigns. Multivariate analysis showed that working in a pediatric unit (OR = 7.35, 95%CI = 1.90-28.44, p = 0.004) and number of years in the job (OR = 1.32, 95%CI = 1.00-1.74, p = 0.049) were significant predictors of adherence to the 2007 campaign. Physicians returned the worst outcome performances in A (OR = 0.40...

Hepatitis B revaccination for healthcare workers who are anti-HBs-negative after receiving a primary vaccination series

Lopes,Marta Heloisa; Sartori,Ana Marli Christovam; Souza,Tatiany Viviany Gonçalves; Mascheretti,Melissa; Chaves,Tânia do Socorro Souza
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the response to hepatitis B (HB) revaccination of healthcare workers (HCW) who are negative for antibodies to HB surface antigen (anti-HBs) after a complete vaccination series. METHODS: HCW whose anti-HBs test was performed > 90 days after a HB vaccination course were given a 4th dose. A post-vaccination test was done within 30 to 90 days. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy HCW were enrolled: 126 (74.1%) were anti-HBs-positive after the 4th dose. CONCLUSIONS: Rechecking anti-HBs after the 4th HB vaccine dose is a practical approach in case of post-vaccination tests performed >90 days after the full vaccination course.

Microbiologic profile of hospitalized healthcare workers

Moraes,Rafael Barberena; Giustina,Andréia Della; Farenzena,Eliana Madalena Vicentini; Milman,Laura de Mattos; Fedrizzi,Renata Sehbe
Fonte: Associação Médica Brasileira Publicador: Associação Médica Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
Objective: according to the epidemiologic and antimicrobial resistance profile, infections are usually classified as community-acquired or nosocomial. Reports on patients without the classic criteria for nosocomial infection with multidrug-resistant germs are increasing. There is a particular concern regarding which microbiological profile must be addressed in case of infections in healthcare workers. This study was carried out with the purpose of identifying the prevalence of infection by multidrug-resistant germs in healthcare workers exposed to occupational contact with such germs at work. Methods: observational and retrospective study. In a 7-year period, healthcare worker hospitalizations were identified and the cultures results were assessed in order to identify the prevalence of infection by multidrug-resistant pathogens. Results: 1,487 healthcare workers hospitalizations were identified. In 105 of these hospitalizations, cultures were collected on the first 5 days after admission, and in 22 patients, 24 germs were identified. Multidrug-resistant pathogens were not found. Conclusion: in our sample, composed of workers from a tertiary public hospital who were hospitalized, none of the individuals presented MDR colonization or infection. These results suggest that when healthcare workers present infections...

Hepatitis B in healthcare workers: prevalence, vaccination and relation to occupational factors

Ciorlia,Luiz A.S.; Zanetta,Dirce M.T.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in healthcare workers (HCW) in Brazilian university hospitals is high. However, vaccination of these workers and relations with occupational factors are not well documented. A prospective study was made of 1,433 HCW and 872 administrative employees of the Hospital de Base (HB), São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil, and 2,583 blood donor candidates from the Hospital Blood Bank. HCW were observed from January 1994 to December 1999. Data were obtained from exams made when a worker entered hospital service, periodically and after work-related injuries. Serological reactions were analyzed in HCW who received HBV vaccine. Occupational and non-occupational information was obtained through a questionnaire. The prevalence of HBV among HCW (0.8%) was significantly higher than in blood-donor candidates (0.2%). Among the HCW who were vaccinated, 86.4% were immunized. Multivariate analysis revealed that increased age reduced the chance of immunization. Among the occupational factors, time in service contributed to a 14% increase in the chances of having positive serology, and work-related injuries increased the risk of HBV infection 4.29 times. The maximum risk sector presented a larger number of HCW with positive anti-HBc serology. There was a higher seroconversion in HCW who received the full set of HBV vaccines. In HCW with positive serology...

Are healthcare workers in England and Wales at increased risk of tuberculosis?

Meredith, S.; Watson, J. M.; Citron, K. M.; Cockcroft, A.; Darbyshire, J. H.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/08/1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.55%
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether healthcare workers in England and Wales are at increased risk of tuberculosis and to examine the frequency of drug resistance in this population. DESIGN: Comparison of notification rates by occupation obtained from national tuberculosis notification surveys in 1988 and 1993, with denominators from the 1991 census. SUBJECTS: People with notified tuberculosis in professional and associate professional occupations from the two surveys. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of notified tuberculosis in health professionals (mainly doctors) and health associate professionals (mainly nurses) compared with rates in other professional and associate professional occupations, adjusted for ethnic group, sex, and age. RESULTS: 119 cases of tuberculosis were identified in healthcare workers, including 61 nurses and 42 doctors. The crude notification rate in healthcare workers was 11.8 per 100,000 per year (95% confidence interval 9.8 to 14.1) compared with 3.3 per 100,000 per year (2.9 to 3.6) in other professional and associate professional occupations; rate ratios were higher (range 1.7 to 3.2) in all ethnic groups. The relative risk adjusted for ethnic group, sex, and age was 2.4 (95% confidence interval 2.0 to 3.0), slightly higher for health professionals (2.7 (1.9 to 3.8)) than for associate professionals (2.0 (1.5 to 2.6)). No multiple drug resistant strains of tuberculosis were identified in healthcare workers. CONCLUSIONS: Better detection and notification of cases of tuberculosis in healthcare workers may account for some of the apparent increased risk...

Lack of SARS Transmission among Healthcare Workers, United States

Park, Benjamin J.; Peck, Angela J.; Kuehnert, Matthew J.; Newbern, Claire; Smelser, Chad; Comer, James A.; Jernigan, Daniel; McDonald, L. Clifford
Fonte: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Publicador: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.55%
Healthcare workers accounted for a large proportion of persons with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) during the worldwide epidemic of early 2003. We conducted an investigation of healthcare workers exposed to laboratory-confirmed SARS patients in the United States to evaluate infection-control practices and possible SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) transmission. We identified 110 healthcare workers with exposure within droplet range (i.e., 3 feet) to six SARS-CoV–positive patients. Forty-five healthcare workers had exposure without any mask use, 72 had exposure without eye protection, and 40 reported direct skin-to-skin contact. Potential droplet- and aerosol-generating procedures were infrequent: 5% of healthcare workers manipulated a patient’s airway, and 4% administered aerosolized medication. Despite numerous unprotected exposures, there was no serologic evidence of healthcare-related SARS-CoV transmission. Lack of transmission in the United States may be related to the relative absence of high-risk procedures or patients, factors that may place healthcare workers at higher risk for infection.

Are healthcare workers immune to rubella?

Borràs, Eva; Campins, Magda; Esteve, María; Urbiztondo, Luis; Broner, Sonia; Bayas, José María; Costa, Josep; Domínguez, Angela; in Healthcare Workers, Working Group for the Study of the Immune Status
Fonte: Landes Bioscience Publicador: Landes Bioscience
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
Healthcare workers (HCW) have high exposure to infectious diseases, some of which, such as rubella, are vaccine-preventable. The aim of this study was to determine the immunity of HCW against rubella. We performed a seroprevalence study using a self-administered survey and obtained blood samples to determine rubella Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody levels in HCW during preventive examinations by five Primary Care Basic Prevention Units and six tertiary hospitals in Catalonia. Informed consent was obtained. IgG was determined using an antibody capture microparticle direct chemiluminometric technique. The odss ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Logistic regression was made to calculate adjusted OR.

Changes in working conditions for home healthcare workers and impacts on their work activity and on their emotions

Weerdt,Corinne Van De; Baratta,René
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.5%
Home healthcare is steadily growing in many countries. Nevertheless, it is known that home healthcare workers are frequently exposed to a variety of potentially serious occupational hazards. Working conditions have changed to become more emotionally and physically demanding on workers. Emotional labor is increasingly high in this profession. Time pressure is increasingly common. This paper describes an ergonomic study analyzing the working conditions of nursing assistants and nurses, as well as the impacts of their work in terms of job satisfaction, emotions at work, relationships with the others, and occupational stress. The study shows that changing working conditions are making it increasingly difficult for home healthcare workers to do their work properly. We can confirm that such workers use strategies to try to cope. They use individual strategies to preserve the relational dimension of their work activity. These strategies are specifically centered around preserving the relationships with patients, and coping with the demands of the job. The study also shows that workers use strategies to express emotions and to conceal them from others. Finally, the paper presents the recommendations that were discussed with the manager and workers for improving working conditions and that led to practical proposals: e.g. implementing certain items of equipment better suited to difficult care...

Adherence to an occupational blood borne pathogens exposure management program among healthcare workers and other groups at risk in Argentina

Miceli,Marisa; Herrera,Fabián; Temporiti,Elena; Li,Dong; Vila,Andrea; Bonvehí,Pablo
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
We conducted a retrospective review of 130 occupational blood borne pathogens exposure (BBP-OE) records at Centro de Estudios Médicos e Investigaciones Clínicas, a university hospital with an ongoing educational program and a postexposure management program for healthcare workers (HCWs) since 1995, in order to evaluate adherence to a hospital BBP-OE management program. We compared HCWs from our institution (Group 1) and HCWs from independent institutions that contract our postexposure management program (Group 2). Compliance with standard precautions in Group 1 was inadequate in 77%, 23%, and 16% of nurses, physicians, and others, respectively. A greater proportion of HCWs in Group 1 (74% vs. 40%) reported occupational accidents within two hours after exposure (p = 0.0001). No difference was observed regarding compliance with adherence to schedule, partial adherence, and loss at follow-up (14%, 33%, and 53%; p > 0.05). Adherence to the standard of care for BBP-OE, including postexposure prophylaxis, was low (HIV: 53% and HBV: 63%). Knowledge of the seropositive status of the source patient did not improve adherence. We conclude that postexposure programs do not guarantee appropriate behavior by HCWs. General interventions and ongoing personnel education to modify individual attitudes are needed...

The evolution of the resistance of Staphylococcus aureus found on healthcare workers correlated with local consumption of antibiotics

Busato,César Roberto; Gabardo,Juarez; Leão,Maria Terezinha Carneiro
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
OBJECTIVE: Correlate the evolution of the resistance of Staphylococcus aureus collected from healthcare workers with the local consumption of antibiotics. MATERIAN AND METHODS: Open prospective research.Study Site. General Reference Hospital with 200 beds in a 700,000 inhabitant region, in Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil. RESULTS: Two collections (samples) of Staphylococcus aureus isolates were obtained from healthcare-workers during an approximate four-year interval. Samples 1 (n= 200) and 2 (n= 270) had this bacterium in 63 (32%) and 90 (33%) of the patients, respectively. At the same time, the annual consumption of antibiotics in DDD/1,000 patient-days was determined. The variation of resistance was significantly smaller (m.s.d.=12.11) for gentamycin (p<0.01) and (m.s.d.=9.22) for Tobramycin (p<0.05). The correlation between variation in resistance and antibiotic consumption was not significant. Workers studied in the two samples showed a significant (p<0.01) frequency (c²=10.44) for persistent nasal carriage and for non carriage. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus was found in 12 (6%) patients of sample 1 and 11 patients (4%) of sample 2. CONCLUSION: Stability of resistance allows us to maintain therapeutic outlines. The variation in bacterial resistance in the twice-sampled population (n=105) indicated the selection pressure of the hospital environment. The resistance that was found is representative of the hospital microbiota; this relationship represents a biological model...

Medicines in the work routine of community healthcare workers from Santa Cecília basic healthcare unit in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; O medicamento na rotina de trabalho dos agentes comunitários de saúde da unidade básica de saúde Santa Cecília, em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil

Nunes, Carla Cafarate; Amador, Tânia Alves; Heineck, Isabela
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
Desde o estabelecimento do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), busca-se enfatizar a atenção básica e a saúde familiar. Uma das estratégias que vem sendo utilizada é o Programa de Saúde da Família (PSF) constituído por equipes de profissionais que incluem os agentes comunitários de saúde. Entre os diversos problemas enfrentados pelas equipes de saúde da família está o uso irracional dos medicamentos. Este trabalho teve o objetivo de examinar o papel do medicamento na rotina dos agentes, estabelecer sua percepção em relação aos serviços da farmácia de uma unidade básica de saúde e identificar as necessidades de informação sobre medicamentos para elaboração de treinamento. Para tanto, foi realizada uma sessão utilizando-se a técnica grupo nominal, em que oito de onze agentes de saúde participaram respondendo a quatro perguntas. O medicamento foi considerado importante, com valorização das ações preventivas. A percepção em relação aos serviços da farmácia foi positiva. Segundo os agentes, as dúvidas sobre medicamentos, freqüentemente relatadas pela população, refletem falhas na consulta e na aquisição dos medicamentos. O agente de saúde é reconhecido pela população como o profissional que pode auxiliá-la no uso de medicamentos...

Association between chronic stress and immune response to influenza vaccine in healthcare workers

Sacadura-Leite,Ema; Sousa-Uva,António; Rebelo-de-Andrade,Helena; Ferreira,Sancha; Rocha,Regina
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Introduction: Chronic stress can influence immune response to vaccines. Healthcare workers are exposed to stressors and biological hazards, the health effects of which may be prevented through vaccination. Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the association between stress in nurses and: (1) insufficient response to influenza vaccine, assessed one month after vaccination (T1); (2) the drop in haemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) antibodies (ab) six months after vaccination (T6). Methods: A nested case-control study was carried out with 136 healthy hospital nurses. Individual interviews, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) were applied in order to determine the presence of stress, using the triangulation method at the beginning of the study (T0). Influenza vaccine was administered and titres of HAI above each strain composing influenza vaccine before vaccination (T0), at T1 and T6 were assessed. Results: There was no statistically relevant (5%) relationship between stress and the insufficient immune response to the vaccine at T1. Nevertheless, there was an association between stress and the drop in HAI ab AH1 at T6, when we assessed stress by the triangulation method using an interview (p = 0.006)...

Comparison of interferon-γ release assay and tuberculin test for screening in healthcare workers

Costa,José Torres; Silva,Rui; Sá,Raul; Cardoso,Maria João; Ribeiro,Carla; Nienhaus,Albert
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
Healthcare workers (HCWs) have an increased risk of tuberculosis (TB). Screening for latent tuberculosis infection and active TB is therefore essential in infection control programs. Tuberculin skin test (TST) and Interferon-ƒÁ Release Assay (IGRA) were used simultaneously in 1686 HCWs between May 2007 and April 2009. A chest X-ray was performed in order to exclude active TB when TST was .10mm or IGRA was positive and in HCWs with TB contact or symptoms. IGRA was positive in 33.1% and TST was >10mm in 78.3% of the HCWs. The proportionof positive IGRA results increased with the TST diameter. In those with a TST >15mm, 49.2% were IGRA positive. TST was more than twice as often positive than the IGRA. Therefore, TST+/IGRA- results were more often observed than concordant negative or positive results. In none of the HCWs with a TST+/IGRA- result active TB was diagnosed during the study period. Repeated BCG vaccination increased the number of TST+/IGRA- discordance. The smaller the interval after BCG vaccination, the higher was the TST+/IGRA- discordance. In the screened HCWs population, active TB was diagnosed in 9. At the time of diagnosis TST and IGRA were positive in all active TB cases. The study period covers 24 months, therefore the average annual incidence rate was 268/100 000. TB burden in HCWs in Portugal is high. Considering the limitations that TST and IGRA present...

Educational activities for primary healthcare workers: "educação permanente em saúde" and continuing education concepts in the day-to-day routine of primary healthcare units in São Paulo

Peduzzi,Marina; Guerra,Débora Antoniazi Del; Braga,Carina Pinto; Lucena,Fabiana Santos; Silva,Jaqueline Alcântara Marcelino da
Fonte: Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação Publicador: Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
The objective of this study was to analyze the educational activity practices among healthcare workers in primary healthcare units (PHUs) according to the concepts of "educação permanente em saúde" (EPS)¹ and continuing education (CE), healthcare and nursing work processes, teamwork and comprehensiveness. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 10 PHUs in the municipality of São Paulo, through structured interviews with 110 key informants who represented all professional categories and teams at the PHUs. The interviews covered educational activities developed in 2005. The information was classified according to operational categories for each study variable, based on the theoretical framework. The workers reported 396 educational activities that demonstrated the complementary nature of the concepts of EPS and CE. In accordance with the perspectives of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) and the transformation of healthcare practices, there is a need to expand the debate relating to EPS as public policy.

Knowledge and practice of occupational infection control among healthcare workers in Jamaica

Foster,TM; Lee,MG; McGaw,CD; Frankson,MA
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, compliance and practice among healthcare workers of occupational infection control at two hospitals in Jamaica. METHODS: Employing a cross-sectional study design, medical personnel (physicians and nurses) at two hospitals in Jamaica, were studied, utilizing a structured questionnaire consisting of 14 items to collect the data. RESULTS: Participants considered the following fluids, not blood stained, high risk for HIV transmission: breast milk (79%), saliva (14%), urine (27%), pleural fluid (53%), CSF (55%), synovial fluid (37%), faeces (27%), peritoneal fluid (53%) and vomitus (21%). The respondents estimated the risk of transmission of infection after a needlestick injury from a patient with: HIV, mean 22.5%, HBV, 34% and HCV, 26%. Needles for drawing blood were identified as having the highest risk for transmission of infections in 63%. The following precautions were adhered to all the time: wearing gloves (38%), not resheathing needles (22%), not passing needles directly to others (70%), properly disposing of sharps (86%) and regarding patients' blood and other high risk fluid as potentially infected (62%). Post exposure, 43% indicated bleeding\squeezing the NSI site as the initial first-aid procedure...

Prevalence of needlestick injuries and other high risk exposures among healthcare workers in Jamaica

Foster,TM; Lee,MG; McGaw,CD; Frankson,MA
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of needlestick injuries (NSIs) and other high risk exposures among healthcare workers at two hospitals in Jamaica. METHODS: Employing a cross-sectional study design, medical personnel (physicians, nurses) at two hospitals in Jamaica, were studied, utilizing a structured questionnaire consisting of 14 items to collect data on needle stick injuries and other injuries. RESULTS: There were 67 needlestick injuries in 47 persons. Of those sustaining an injury, 52% of physicians and 40% of nurses had NSIs. re-capping needles accounted for 21% of injuries, various minor procedures, 21%, injury during surgery, 19.4% and taking blood, 12%. In those sustaining NSIs, 47% were reported and 26% of reported cases received counselling. Appropriate blood tests were performed on 34% and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for HIV was administered to 30%. Hollow bore needles caused 47.8% of injuries, 25.4% occurred with suture needles and 19.4% with intravenous branulas. Other occupational exposure was reported by 31%, including blood on hands and other body parts 39%, blood to face and eyes, 18%, splashed with liquor, 18%, splashed with bloody fluid, 11% and contact with vomitus and urine in eye, 4%. CONCLUSION: Needlestick injuries and other high risk exposures were high; incident reporting and post exposure management were inadequate. A comprehensive programme to address factors that contribute to the occurrence of NSIs and other occupational exposures is urgently needed.

Optimizing chronic HIV care in the Dutch Caribbean: a questionnaire based study on experience and perception of healthcare workers

Hermanides,HS; Busari,JO; Gerstenbluth,I; Duits,AJ
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
OBJECTIVE: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a chronic disorder for which adaptation of current healthcare practices is needed. In Curaçao, a new organization of chronic HIV care is being set up based on task shifting in which healthcare workers (HCWs) will deliver HIV care more prominently within the primary healthcare system. In preparation for implementation of the proposed task-shifting model, we investigated the perception of HCWs regarding existing HIV care in Curaçao and the need for training in HIV/AIDS among HCWs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: An in-depth questionnaire based study was used. Nineteen HCWs of seven different cadres were interviewed. The questionnaire constituted four sections: quality of existing HIV care, respondents own knowledge and willingness to be trained, need for training in HIV/AIDS and preferred educational approaches. RESULTS: Quality of existing HIV services in Curaçao is considered acceptable but needs improvement mainly to facilitate integration of chronic HIV care. All respondents indicated that training in HIV/AIDS is needed among HCWs in Curaçao, especially for nurses and general practitioners. All were willing to participate in training with varying amounts of time to be spent. Training should be tailored to the level of expertise of HCWs and to the role a HCW is expected to have in the new healthcare delivery framework. CONCLUSION: There is need for training to ensure the effective integration of chronic HIV care into the existing healthcare delivery system in Curaçao. There is a willingness and need in all cadres for training with e-learning as a preferred educational tool.