Página 1 dos resultados de 15858 itens digitais encontrados em 0.050 segundos

Envolvimento de jovens em processos grupais de educação ambiental: um estudo de caso; Youth involvement in Group Processes of Environmental Education: a case review

Coati, Ana Paula
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/04/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.72%
Este trabalho teve como objetivo contribuir na ampliação dos conhecimentos sobre processos educacionais que visam o incremento na "potência de ação" individual e coletiva, a partir de uma educação ambiental emancipatória. Partimos do pressuposto de que o desenvolvimento de ações educativas relacionadas à questão ambiental - fundadas nos princípios de participação, reflexão e respeito ao meio em que se vive e convive - contribuem para a potência de ação relacionada a mudanças de atitudes em grupos de jovens. Para tanto, realizamos uma pesquisa intervenção junto ao Projeto “Diagnóstico Ambiental da Cobertura Vegetal e Focos de Degradação do Ribeirão Piracicamirim aliado à Educação Ambiental através de Elaboração de Agenda 21 no Loteamento Jardim Oriente”, realizado na Bacia do Ribeirão Piracicamirim (Piracicaba, SP). A pesquisa apresentada nesta dissertação foi realizada através de uma intervenção educacional, envolvendo um grupo de jovens no processo de diagnóstico, planejamento, intervenção e avaliação de ações voltadas à melhoria da qualidade de vida no bairro Jardim Oriente e no entorno do Ribeirão Piracicamirim. Esta análise nos permitiu constatar com clareza, que o grupo social é condição de conscientização do indivíduo e das mediações institucionais...

Em jogo a relação entre pesquisador e clube : futebol e processos grupais; In question the relatioship between the researche and club : Soccer and group processes

Rafael Moreno Castellani
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/06/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
O futebol, apesar de ser uma das modalidades esportivas mais praticadas e consumidas mundialmente, possui poucas pesquisas que procuram compreendê-lo pela perspectiva das ciências humanas e sociais, sobretudo quando comparadas com os estudos no campo das ciências biológicas. Dessa forma, me propus estudar e buscar entender o futebol como fenômeno da nossa sociedade perspectivando retratar a relação entre o pesquisador e o clube com foco voltado à apreensão e análise dos processos grupais em uma equipe profissional. Este trabalho, seguindo as orientações de uma pesquisa qualitativa, partiu da análise de um grupo de futebol profissional, com um recorte temporal específico, da abordagem à equipe e aos atletas e da análise institucional do clube selecionado. Para o presente estudo, utilizou-se como referencial teórico a psicologia social, com ênfase nos estudos de Kurt Lewin e Pichon-Rivière. Tais autores nortearam a compreensão acerca dos processos grupais, sustentaram a opção metodológica e embasaram teoricamente as análises. A equipe selecionada foi o São Paulo FC, clube de expressão do futebol profissional no cenário nacional e mundial. Participaram da pesquisa atletas profissionais de futebol que estavam em atividade neste clube...

Experiential Group Processes in Graduate Training of Psychologists: the case of “Expressive Therapies” and “Group Psychotherapies” at the University of Évora

Vaz-Velho, Catarina
Fonte: actas do VI Regional Mediterranean and Atlantic International Association of Group Psychotherapy and Group Processes Congress Publicador: actas do VI Regional Mediterranean and Atlantic International Association of Group Psychotherapy and Group Processes Congress
Tipo: Aula
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.68%
The training of Psychologists tries to promote the psychological understanding of the human functioning, the development of evaluation, analysis and intervention competences and, at the same time, to provide for the development of personal and interpersonal competences, crucial for the professional praxis. Our question is how to promote in the academic context this personal and interpersonal development of the students in order to achieve the necessary competences they need to the work in this area. In this paper we will reflect on the authors’ experience of teaching two curricular units of the 2nd Cycle level of Psychology Course and on a qualitative study designed to deepen the understanding of how the experiential component of these courses is experienced by students. Our paper will report on the specificities of students versus teachers’ perceptions of the experiential activities and the development of personal and interpersonal competences. Furthermore links between the type of perceptions and the nature of the methods used in each curricular unit will be discussed. 1

Experiential Group Processes in Graduate Training of Psychologists: the case of “Expressive Therapies” and “Group Psychotherapies” at the University of Évora

Vaz-Velho, Catarina; Santos, Graça
Fonte: actas do VI Regional Mediterranean and Atlantic International Association of Group Psychotherapy and Group Processes Congress Publicador: actas do VI Regional Mediterranean and Atlantic International Association of Group Psychotherapy and Group Processes Congress
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.68%
The training of Psychologists tries to promote the psychological understanding of the human functioning, the development of evaluation, analysis and intervention competences and, at the same time, to provide for the development of personal and interpersonal competences, crucial for the professional praxis. Our question is how to promote in the academic context this personal and interpersonal development of the students in order to achieve the necessary competences they need to the work in this area. In this paper we will reflect on the authors’ experience of teaching two curricular units of the 2nd Cycle level of Psychology Course and on a qualitative study designed to deepen the understanding of how the experiential component of these courses is experienced by students. Our paper will report on the specificities of students versus teachers’ perceptions of the experiential activities and the development of personal and interpersonal competences. Furthermore links between the type of perceptions and the nature of the methods used in each curricular unit will be discussed. 1

The role of task-oriented versus relationship-oriented leadership on normative contract and group performance

Tabernero, Carmen; Chambel, Maria José; Curral, Luís; Arana, José M.
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
In this paper we examine how groups develop normative contracts based on beliefs about the obligations other members of the group must fulfil in order to achieve group goals. The role played by perceived leadership – task- or relationship-oriented – was analyzed in relation to the development of relational normative contract and group performance. The study sample comprised 72 participants (24 groups of 3 members). A member of each team received training to be a group leader (task- or relationship-oriented leader). All groups worked on a simulation program: a complex decision-making managerial task. Group regulatory variables and group processes were evaluated during the simulation. Results showed that task-oriented leaders effected higher group efficacy and positivism among members of the group. In contrast, relationship-oriented leaders effected greater cohesion between the group’s members. The final group performance is explained from the perspective of group efficacy and the relational normative contract.

Evolution of In-Group Favoritism

Fu, Feng; Tarnita, Corina Elena; Christakis, Nicholas Alexander; Rand, David Gertler; Nowak, Martin A.; Wang, Long
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.64%
In-group favoritism is a central aspect of human behavior. People often help members of their own group more than members of other groups. Here we propose a mathematical framework for the evolution of in-group favoritism from a continuum of strategies. Unlike previous models, we do not pre-suppose that players never cooperate with out-group members. Instead, we determine the conditions under which preferential in-group cooperation emerges, and also explore situations where preferential out-group helping could evolve. Our approach is not based on explicit intergroup conflict, but instead uses evolutionary set theory. People can move between sets. Successful sets attract members, and successful strategies gain imitators. Individuals can employ different strategies when interacting with in-group versus out-group members. Our framework also allows us to implement different games for these two types of interactions. We prove general results and derive specific conditions for the evolution of cooperation based on in-group favoritism.; Mathematics; Organismic and Evolutionary Biology; Psychology; Sociology

Strategic Framework for Mainstreaming Citizen Engagement in World Bank Group Operations

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.7%
The objective of this strategic framework is to mainstream citizen engagement in World Bank Group (WBG)-supported policies, programs, projects, and advisory services and analytics to improve their development results and within the scope of these operations, contribute to building sustainable national systems for citizen engagement with governments and the private sector. This framework will capture the diverse experiences, assess lessons learned, and outline methods and entry points to provide a more systematic and results-focused approach for the WBG. Progress toward this objective will be assessed using indicators included in program, project, and corporate results frameworks. The WBG strategy incorporates citizen engagement, including beneficiary feedback, specifically in its treatment of inclusion, which entails empowering citizens to participate in the development process and integrating citizen voice in development programs as key accelerators to achieving results. This framework builds on stocktaking and lessons learned from WBG-financed operations across regions and sectors. A key lesson is the importance of country context...

A Practical Guide to Increasing Mining Local Procurement in West Africa

World Bank Group; Kaiser Economic Development Partners
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.67%
This document provides information, guidance and tools to support decision-making, planning and implementation of mining local procurement in West Africa, in particular at a country level. It can be used by individual role players as well as form the basis of consultative processes. The guide can also support regional harmonization relating to mining local procurement. This 2015 version of the Practical Guide to Mining Local Procurement in West Africa addresses questions that are commonly asked by governments, companies, and citizens in the region. How do we define and measure local procurement? Do we create a specific policy or legislation to encourage mining companies to buy more locally? If so, what do these look like, and what has led to successful outcomes in other countries? Do we pick winner productive sectors? How do we best support suppliers to develop the right capacities and standards to meet mine requirements? What institutional framework and which actors need to be involved to deliver? Rather than laying the main responsibility for increasing domestic sourcing on the mining sector...

Investigating group processes in a positive youth development program for multi -problem youth

Garcia, Arlen Judith
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.82%
This study investigated group processes as potential mediators or moderators of positive development outcome and negative reduction intervention response by evaluating the utility of a group measure modified from a widely known measure of group impact found in the group therapy research literature. Four group processes were of primary interest, (1) Group Impact; (2) Facilitator Impact; (3) Skills Impact; and (4) Exploration Impact as assessed by the Session Evaluation Form (SEF). Outcome measures included the Personally Expressive Activities Questionnaire (PEAQ), Erikson Psycho-Social Index (EPSI) and the Zill Behavior Items, Behavior Problem Index (ZBI (BPI)). The sample consisted of 121 multi-ethnic participants drawn from four alternative high schools from the Miami-Dade County Public School system. Utilizing a Latent Growth Curve Modeling approach with Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) statistics, preliminary analyses were conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SEF and its role in the mediation or moderation of intervention outcome. Preliminary results revealed evidence of a single higher order factor representing a "General" global reaction, which was hypothesized to be a "Positive Group Climate" construct to the program as opposed to the four distinct group processes that were initially hypothesized to affect outcomes. The results of the evaluation of the mediation or moderation role of intervention outcome of the single "General" global latent factor ("Positive Group Climate" construct) did not significantly predict treatment response on any of the outcome variables. Nevertheless...

Beyond the “Right Stuff”: The role of group processes in isolated confined extreme environments

Krins, Phillip William
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.9%
The purpose of this thesis was to apply mainstream theoretical social psychology to group dynamics in isolated confined extreme (ICE) environments, with a particular focus on the context of long duration spaceflight. This was done by providing a thorough review of both the ICE environment psychology literature and the social psychological literature. From this it emerged that significant gaps existed within the ICE literature around the understanding of group processes. A review of relevant social psychology literature suggested that the social identity perspective may have much to offer in advancing the understanding of group processes in these environments. It was argued that processes related to social identification plays a key role in the team functionality. Of particular note was how social ‘norms’ could influence social identification processes and group functioning. Crew heterogeneity had been cited as a potential concern in much ICE literature, so group norms that related to diversity were investigated. Three theoretical chapters provided a review of space and ICE environment psychology literature, social psychology literature and diversity literature. Five experiments are reported in this thesis. The first, an exploratory field study which study took place during an expedition into the Australian Outback...

Top management teams of international joint ventures in Thailand: the effects of heterogeneity on group processes and goal attainment

Julian, Craig C.; Mueller, Carolyn; Wachter, Renee; Van Deusen, Cheryl
Fonte: Texas A&M University - Commerce Publicador: Texas A&M University - Commerce
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.67%
The relationship between top management team composition, group processes, and the effects of those processes on goal attainment were examined for International Joint Venture (IJV) teams in Thailand. For these culturally diverse teams, heterogeneity was defined by demographic (member age, length of team tenure, education level, functional expertise) and cultural characteristics (country of education, nationality, affiliation with a parent organization, and primary language spoken.) Overall, demographic heterogeneity most heavily influenced levels of trust, decision quality and decision implementation among team members. Cultural heterogeneity influenced the frequency of communication.; Craig Julian, Carolyn Mueller, Renee Wachter, Cheryl Van Deusen

Scaling Up Knowledge Sharing for Development; A Working Paper for the G-20 Development Working Group, Pillar Nine

Task Team on South-South Cooperation; UNDP; OECD; World Bank Institute
Fonte: G-20 Development Working Group Publicador: G-20 Development Working Group
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
The objective of this paper is to recommend, at the request of the Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States - along with the European Union (EU) (G-20), how knowledge sharing (KS), through North-South, South-South, and triangular cooperation, can be scaled up in support of growth and development processes. The working group collaborates closely with the steering committee for pillar nine, which, besides the working group members, also includes Korea and Mexico as co-facilitators for pillar nine, France as this year’s G-20 Chair, and Colombia and Indonesia as co-chairs of the task team on South-South cooperation. The paper is organized into four sections: section one presents a description of how KS is increasingly viewed as a complementary third leg to financial and technical cooperation in the changing global development landscape; section two presents a set of emerging...

A comparison of expert- and practitioner-derived criteria for post-operative pain management

Kitson, A.; Harvey, G.; Hyndman, S.; Yerrell, P.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Publicador: Blackwell Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1993 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.7%
A comparison of two methods of criteria formulation was carried out as part of a 3-year research study looking at the effectiveness of a nursing quality assurance system (the Royal College of Nursing's Dynamic Standard Setting System). In particular, the study wished to explore whether and to what extent criteria sets derived from an expert group differed from criteria generated by local practitioner groups. One expert group and five local groups were helped to develop criteria on the topic of post-operative pain management. Results showed that the expert group underwent a much more controlled and systematic approach to the task than any of the local groups who were supported by newly trained facilitators. Despite this difference, two of the five local groups had criteria convergence scores of more than 55%, demonstrating that the local knowledge on the topic was acceptable. Whether the lower convergence of the groups was due to lack of knowledge or a combination of difficult group processes and novice facilitation is difficult to say. However, what the study did show was that local groups can generate criteria sets comparable to expert groups, given proper facilitation and support.; Alison Kitson, Gillian Harvey, Sophie Hyndman and Paul Yerrell

World Bank Group and World Bank Corporate Scorecards, October 2014

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
The 2014 World Bank Group Corporate Scorecard for the fall Annual Meetings is designed to provide a high-level and strategic overview of the World Bank Group's performance toward achieving the two goals. It is the apex from which indicators cascade into the monitoring frameworks of the three World Bank Group institutions. The Scorecard is structured in three tiers: 1) The Goals and Development Context tier provides an overview of progress on key development challenges faced by World Bank Group client countries; 2) The Results tier reports on the key sectoral and multi-sectoral results achieved by World Bank Group clients with support of World Bank Group operations in pursuit of the goals; and 3) The Performance tier captures World Bank Group performance in implementation of the World Bank Group Strategy and includes measures of both operational and organizational effectiveness. These three tiers are the components of a unified results and performance monitoring framework with indicators grouped along the result chain as follows: the Scorecard monitors...

The World Bank Group and Public Procurement--An Independent Evaluation : Volume 2: Achieving Development Effectiveness through Procurement in Bank Financial Assistance

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.65%
Good public procurement practices are a major determinant of the effectiveness of public expenditure. On behalf of their citizens, governments typically spend as much as 5-20 percent of their gross domestic product on procurement of goods and services, and effective procurement policies enable better use of government budgets. Good national procurement practices are therefore an essential element of the poverty reduction focus of the Bank. Good procurement in Bank projects is also associated with better development outcomes. Equally, sound public procurement in client countries is a prerequisite for the success of the Bank's newly introduced program for results lending instrument. The Bank seeks to ensure that its funds are used for the purpose intended and that they support development effectively and efficiently. Thus, the twin issues that underpin this Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluation are first, how effectively has the World Bank helped build well-functioning public procurement systems in client countries and second...

The World Bank Group and Public Procurement--An Independent Evaluation : Volume 1. Building Procurement Capacity and Systems

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.65%
Good public procurement practices are a major determinant of the effectiveness of public expenditure. On behalf of their citizens, governments typically spend as much as 5-20 percent of their gross domestic product on procurement of goods and services, and effective procurement policies enable better use of government budgets. Good national procurement practices are therefore an essential element of the poverty reduction focus of the Bank. Good procurement in Bank projects is also associated with better development outcomes. Equally, sound public procurement in client countries is a prerequisite for the success of the Bank's newly introduced program for results lending instrument. The Bank seeks to ensure that its funds are used for the purpose intended and that they support development effectively and efficiently. Thus, the twin issues that underpin this Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluation are first, how effectively has the World Bank helped build well-functioning public procurement systems in client countries and second...

Learning and Results in World Bank Operations : How the Bank Learns, Evaluation 1

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
Knowledge, learning, and innovation are one of eight objectives that will be monitored in the Bank's new strategy. The independent evaluation group (IEG) is conducting a program of learning and results evaluations to promote a better understanding of how the World Bank acquires, captures, and transfers knowledge and learning in its lending operations, and what scope there is for improving. The objective of the program is to delineate attributes of effective learning in World Bank lending. These attributes refer to learning into lending (inputs into project design); learning while lending (feedback and modifications of design and implementation while the project is underway); and learning from lending (lessons from the project that were transmitted to other projects). The evaluation program will assess how the Bank can become better at generating, accessing, and using learning and knowledge in its lending operations. It acknowledges the importance of the feedback from knowledge to learning and from learning back to enhanced knowledge. The report is organized as follows: chapter one gives approach and context. Chapter two explores two essential aspects of learning - knowledge exploitation and knowledge exploration and the factors influencing them. Chapter three examines the contribution of mentoring. Chapter four addresses the extent to which incentives...

Capturing Technology for Development : An Evaluation of World Bank Group Activities in Information and Communication Technologies, Volume 2. Appendixes

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
Technological innovation drives economic progress. Information and communication technologies (ICT) can be leveraged for development, but harnessing this potential depends on an enabling environment for their production, diffusion, and use. Otherwise, technology can widen rather than narrow existing inequalities. Over the past decade developing countries have seen rapid but uneven growth in ICT access and use. The unprecedented spread of mobile technologies, driven by private sector investment and supported by reforms to promote competition, enabled the growth of phone services for the underserved and poor to levels unseen before. But outside mobile telephony, large gaps exist in high-speed Internet access and broadband connectivity and in the diffusion and use of ICT in business, services, and government the areas where ICT can deliver the largest developmental impacts. The World Bank Group's strategy has sought development results in ICT by promoting (i) sector reform, (ii) access to information infrastructure...

Reuniões de equipe na Estratégia Saúde da Família a partir do referencial pichoniano de grupo operativo; Reuniones de equipo en la Estrategia Salud de la Familia a partir del referencial pichoniano de grupo operativo; Team meetings in Family Health Strategy based on the pichonian reference of an operational group

Grando, Maristel Kasper
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.64%
Estudo exploratório, qualitativo, com o objetivo de analisar as reuniões de equipe da Estratégia Saúde da Família, à luz do referencial pichoniano de grupo operativo. Pontualmente, buscou-se caracterizar essa prática com relação aos aspectos organizacionais e logísticos, bem como identificar os aspectos dinamizadores e obstaculizadores da dinâmica grupal, a partir do olhar da equipe. Os dados foram coletados no período entre maio e agosto de 2007, em um município do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, por meio das Técnicas de Observação Direta Não Participante e de Grupos Focais. Foram observadas cinco reuniões protocolares da equipe, tendo-se realizado cinco encontros de Grupos Focais. Participaram do estudo duas equipes da Estratégia Saúde da Família, caracterizadas como equipe dupla, agregando 18 sujeitos, entre eles: enfermeiros, médicos, dentistas, técnicos de enfermagem, auxiliares de consultório dentário e agentes comunitários de saúde. O material foi organizado conforme propõe Minayo (2007), tendo-se adotado a perspectiva pichoniana de grupo operativo para análise do mesmo. Os resultados preliminares, oriundos da observação, constituíram-se nos disparadores das sessões do Grupo Focal e os resultados...

The impact of intra-group processes on family business success

Farrington,Shelley; Venter,Elmarie; Boshoff,Christo
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.81%
Interpersonal ties and intra-group processes influence the ability of people to work together effectively as teams. In the context of the family business team, intra-group processes describe the interaction that takes place between the family members and the resultant psychological climate that exists in the family business. Given the increasing number of sibling teams among family businesses, as well as the challenges they face as team members, this study focuses on sibling teams in family businesses and the intra-group processes that influence their success. The primary objective of this study is to identify and empirically test the intragroup processes influencing the effectiveness of sibling partnerships. A structured questionnaire was distributed to 1323 sibling partner respondents. The respondents were identified by means of a convenience snowball sampling technique, and the data were collected from 371 usable questionnaires. The empirical findings of this study show that the sibling relationship and fairness are important determinants of sibling team effectiveness.