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Micro e pequenas empresas e as compras governamentais : uma abordagem sobre a aplicação do capítulo V da Lei 123/06, no Brasil e em Roraima

Cerino, Pedro de Jesus
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
O Brasil enfrenta o desafio de criar mais emprego e ampliar a geração de renda. O desenvolvimento dos pequenos negócios é condição fundamental para que esses objetivos sejam atendidos, pois são intensivos em postos de trabalho e estão em todos os municípios do país. A sociedade por meio do segmento das Micro e Pequenas Empresas prepararam uma proposta, amplamente discutida, tecnicamente elaborada e longamente negociada. A Lei Geral é o novo Estatuto Nacional das Micro Empresas e das Empresas de Pequeno Porte, Instituído pela Lei Complementar nº 123, de 14 de dezembro de 2006, vem estabelecer normas gerais relativas ao tratamento diferenciado e favorecido a ser dispensado às Microempresas - ME e Empresas de Pequeno Porte - EPP no âmbito dos Poderes da União, dos Estados, do Distrito Federal e dos Municípios. Esta Lei vai preparar o Brasil para uma política efetiva de apoio promoção do desenvolvimento, da competitividade e prosperidade. Unifica impostos e contribuição da União, de Estados e Municípios, dispensa o cumprimento de certas obrigações trabalhistas e previdenciárias, facilita o acesso ao crédito ao mercado, confere preferência nas compras públicas para as empresas de pequeno porte e estimula a inovação tecnológica...

Contratações públicas e efetividade do princípio do desenvolvimento sustentável: implementação da política no biênio 2011-2012, pela Administração Pública Federal

Coimbra, Lucimara Oldani Taborda
Fonte: Curitiba Publicador: Curitiba
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
The public procurements aim the promotion of sustainable national development, which must be economically viable, socially just and environmentally correct. And in the legal dimension, it appears as a constitutional principle, which requires the State, as relevant actor in the development process, acting in the formulation and implementation of public policies for their achievement, which underscores the political dimension of sustainability. The Brazilian legal architecture, aligned with the recommendations of Agenda 21, contemplates the use of government purchasing power to shape the pattern of consumption and production to the dictates of sustainability, by inserting in their procurements, criteria able to promote it. This dissertation aims to investigate the implementation of public policy for sustainable signings by the Federal Public Administration Direct federal public administration, autonomous agencies and foundations (members of SISG) in the years 2011 and 2012. The research is applied, exploratory, employing secondary data collected through literature and documents, the technique of qualitative analysis. As a result, it was found that the sustainable signings are still minor, comparing to the total amount of signings in the period. It was possible do find out that...

Public Ends, Private Means : Strategic Purchasing of Health Services

Preker, Alexander S.; Liu, Xingzhu; Velenyi, Edit V.; Baris, Enis
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
Public Ends, Private Means: Strategic purchasing of value for money in health services is part of a series of World Bank publications on ways to make public spending on health care more efficient and equitable in developing countries. It reviews the underlying economics in terms of agency theory, behavioral science, contract theory, transaction costs, and public choice theory. It provides a synthesis of the institutional environment needed for countries to shift to strategic purchasing, organizational incentives that need to be in place, and management capacity that needs to be strengthened. The volume is supplemented with a CD that presents six regional reviews of current resource allocation and purchasing (RAP) arrangements.

Poverty in Mexico : An Assessment of Conditions, Trends, and Government Strategy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
This report presents the results of an assessment of poverty conditions in Mexico, and the Government strategies to reduce poverty. It constitutes the first phase of a longer-term work program on poverty reduction in Mexico, that the Bank is undertaking, in collaboration with the Government during the period 2003-2006. The current situation in the country is mixed, with respect to poverty. In terms of well-being, Mexico has experienced major progress in some dimensions - notably related to basic service access - but much weaker progress on others - notably on the income of the poor. Despite the gains between 1996 and 2002,and in particular, for the extreme poor, poverty remains widespread, and is only slightly below the levels prevailing before the 1994195 crisis. The report relates to government strategy, and its strengths. The CONTIGO framework is excellent as a conceptual framework, especially in its attempt to integrate the multiple dimensions of well-being, and public action into a life-cycle approach. There are notable successes in specific programs -with "Oportunidades" (i.e....

Zimbabwe Public Expenditure Notes : Managing Government Wage Bill for Sustained Recovery

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
The Government of Zimbabwe (GOZ) faces difficult choices in managing the size of its civil service wage bill. The Government understands the need to watch the escalating wage bill carefully and put in place a strategy to steer it to a sustainable level as early as possible. Historical and international comparisons suggest that an overall wage bill of around 10 percent of GDP should be the medium-term target. This note illustrates that Zimbabwe could take immediate steps in 2010 and 2011 that will put it on the path of a sustainable level of wage bill in the medium-term. The focus of efforts to contain the wage bill should be on short-term measures because designing and implementing a medium-term approach to wage bill management would be too challenging in view of prevailing economic uncertainty and complex political reality. The note covers the staff employed by the Central Government, including uniformed services and staff employed by the Grant-in-Aided (GIA) institutions. The staff employed by local governments and public enterprises are excluded because direct transfers from the central budget to local government and public enterprises are rather small. (annex A has an outline of the institutional aspects of civil service in Zimbabwe). Given the paucity of information...

Cyclical Patterns in Government Health Expenditures between 1995 and 2010 : Are Countries Graduating from the Procyclical Trap or Falling Back?

Velenyi, Edit V.; Smitz, Marc F.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%
The 2008-09 global economic crises have shown that no country is immune to external challenges. When policy controls are missing or not used efficiently, crises can reverse progress even in advanced economies. This unexpected outcome has increased concerns about the ability of governments in developing countries to manage downturns. The question is whether current and future crises will reinforce the procyclical responses or whether these governments will be able to escape the procyclical trap. In the fiscal domain, countercyclical trends in developing countries are promising. Over the last decade, about a third of the developing world has been able to escape the procyclicality trap. Yet, little is known about the evidence on the cyclical patterns of government health spending. This descriptive analysis, which covers 183 countries between 1995 and 2010, provides empirical evidence on the cyclicality of government health expenditures, using panel data from a global macro database, the fiscal health database. The objective is to propose user-friendly diagnostic approaches in this area that can be easily replicated and updated to inform technical discussions and policy making.

Strategic Electronic Government Procurement : Strategic Planning Guide

Asian Development Bank; Inter-American Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
Many countries have discovered that the transition to e-government, and all the benefits that this entails, can require the extensive re-engineering of public sector management, service design and delivery, legislation and even community expectations. E-government is a reform program which exploits the potential of online technology, but is not delivered merely through the design, acquisition and application of this technology. Like other parts of an e-government program, implementing e-GP is a reform strategy, and like any reform strategy, will be developed, customized and owned by each jurisdiction if it is to succeed. An e-GP implementation strategy is sensitive to all of the elements that distinguish one jurisdiction from another including management and leadership culture, regulations, skills and expertise, etcetera. This guide is intended to provide an awareness of the issues and critical success factors that will generally be found in any successful e-GP strategy and is aimed at assisting jurisdictions and organizations develop their own implementation strategy for this sensitive and high value activity of government.

Buyer and Supplier Activation - Guide : Electronic Government Procurement

Asian Development Bank; Inter-American Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
This guide concerns the challenges, implementation, and training connected to the introduction of electronic government (e-GP) procurement. A successful strategy for e-GP requires that a marketplace be created. The idea of a marketplace differs between countries but for the purposes of this discussion recognises that e-GP requires that government buyers and suppliers (either contracted or uncontracted) come together and interact online, where previously they interacted through diverse means including newspapers, faxes, written correspondence, etc. In the transition to e-GP, buyers will need to learn new job skills and undergo some reorientation to procurement as a strategic function. Activation of suppliers too is critical to the implementation of e-GP. Attracting a wider range of suppliers to the government procurement market is an important success factor in strategic procurement planning. Training requirements for buyers exist at two levels. The first is procurement career development for those who will manage e-GP. If procurement is to be managed as a strategic issue then the fact that procurement staff are often a population that has received little training needs to be addressed. The second training requirement is to address the needs of staff who will be involved in the day to day operation of the e-procurement process. A summary of some of the training agenda is outlined in the annexes of this guide.

Purchasing Power Parities and Real Expenditures of World Economics : A Comprehensive Report of the 2011 International Comparison Program

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
The International Comparison Program (ICP) is a large and highly complex worldwide statistical program conducted under the charter of the United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC). The ICP is designed to provide globally comparable economic aggregates in national accounts that can be used by individual researchers, analysts, and policy makers at the national and international levels and by international organizations such as the European Union, International Monetary Fund, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), United Nations, and World Bank. Over its lifetime, the ICP has become the principal source of data on the purchasing power parities (PPPs) of currencies, measures of real per capita income, and measures of real gross domestic product (GDP) and its main components from the expenditure side, including private consumption, government expenditures, and gross fixed capital formation. Indeed, since its inception in 1970, successive rounds of the ICP have produced valuable data for international economic analyses of economic growth and the catch-up and convergence of incomes among nations; productivity levels and trends; analyses of systematic patterns in national price levels and trends; construction of the Human Development Index by the United Nations; measures of regional and global inequality in incomes and consumption; and estimates of the incidence of absolute poverty using World Bank developed yardsticks such as the US$1 a day and $2 a day poverty lines.

JIT purchasing: a guide for successful implementation within the DoD

McPeak, Michael B.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 100 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Just-In-Time purchasing is a materials management system that has been successfully implemented in various commercial and Government entities in recent years. The major issue in this thesis is: 'What are the elements that ensure successful implementation outcomes between the Government purchasing offices and various commercial contractors?' The objective is to determine the critical elements for implementing a Just-In-Time purchasing operation. The intent is to provide a guide for implementing Just-In-Time purchasing so other agencies can duplicate the success of this process. The Just-In-Time purchasing process substantially reduces inventories through electronic order placement, long-term contracts, and direct delivery from the vendor to the user. The Department of Defense can capture these benefits by implementing Just-In-Time purchasing in all Government purchasing offices.; NA; NA; U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author.

Commodity sourcing strategies: supply management in action

Rendon, Rene G.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório Formato: vii, 37 p.: ill. (some col.);28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
This research report discusses the transformation occurring in the procurement and purchasing function, specifically as it applies to developing procurement strategies and the implementation of commodity strategies as an application of strategic sourcing. The literature review presents the theoretical framework surrounding the transformation of purchasing to supply management along with its major developments such as integrated supplier relationships, total ownership costs, cross-functional teams, supply chains, e-procurement systems, and strategic sourcing strategies. Strategic sourcing and developing sourcing strategies are discussed and include the Kraljic model for determining the best type of procurement strategy for specific products or services. Commodity sourcing strategies are discussed in conjunction with Lasseter's seven-step process for developing commodity sourcing strategies. The application of strategic sourcing in the commercial sector is discussed using examples from industry, along with applications within the Department of Defense. Some challenges to strategic sourcing identified in the report include access to the required spend data, highly fragmented supply base, and government procurement goals. The report also identifies best practices such as establishing common processes and tools...

An investigation of Australia's Defence purchasing policies and practices

Klesnik, Nives
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.31%
Defence procurement is big business. Hundreds of billions of dollars are spent annually world wide on acquisitions that consist mostly of cutting edge technology. Australia, like other western countries, procures these novel acquisitions experiencing much variance in regard to time schedule and price. What differentiates Australia from other western democracies in regard to procurement are not these unwanted side-effects, but its geo-political location, its huge territorial scope, the small population and most importantly, the modest military budget. Just like its military budget Australia' s domestic defence industries are also modest in size. Despite contrary promises by the Government of the day, most of the Commonwealth owned defence industries were sold off during the late 1990s to a private, foreign consortium. The Australian Submarine Corporation represents the final remnant of the Commonwealth owned defence industry that is also going to be offered for sale in the near future. This trend of privatization is in line with the dominance. The western European countries have embraced the unification as a possibility to strengthen their defence industries and subsequently, are producing high quality systems. Currently western European countries have the option to integrate further within the EU defence industries...

Growth Challenges and Government Policies in Armenia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
This report reviews growth trends in Armenia for the period 1994-2000, outlines major weaknesses of existing development patterns, and suggests a package of policy recommendations designed to accelerate enterprise restructuring, attract investment, and encourage the creation of new businesses in the medium term (three to five years). Such steps are needed to sustain (and preferably to increase) the current growth rates, to stop emigration among the young and skilled, and to reduce poverty. The government needs to focus much more clearly on generating the environment for private sector led growth by removing bottlenecks in policies, infrastructure, and institutions that prevent new private businesses from flourishing. International aid donors can help by supporting the removal of administrative barriers for investments, the rehabilitation of infrastructure, and the creation of "restructuring agencies" that will enable firms in key sectors to overcome or avoid common constraints to business growth in Armenia. Successful restructuring by such firms should have a demonstration effect on the country's economy and help consolidate public support for moving forward the program of reform begun a decade ago.

Public Expenditure Review for the Solomon Islands Government

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
This policy note assesses how well the Solomon Islands Government budgeting practices have been working over the period of 2006-10 and explores options for improving that process. This note provides a non-technical summary of the initial findings and recommendations. The analysis conducted so far suggests that better results are blocked by problems in matching budgetary allocations to needs and problems with unproductive spending. For example, the Government's spending on schools is above average for the region, yet the Solomon Islands lags behind several of its neighboring countries in school enrollment and literacy. Some of the difficulties in getting good results can be traced to local conditions beyond government control such as its administration and travel costs are increased by the geographic dispersion of the islands. The report concludes that the budget process and the budget formation process both require strengthening and that these are issues well within government control.

Armenia : Growth Challenges and Government Policies, Volume 1. Main Conclusions and Recommendations

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
This report reviews growth trends in Armenia for the period 1994-2000, outlines major weaknesses of existing development patterns, and suggests a package of policy recommendations designed to accelerate enterprise restructuring, attract investment, and encourage the creation of new businesses in the medium term (three to five years). Such steps are needed to systain (and preferably to increase) the current growth rates, to stop emigration among the young and skilled, and to reduce poverty. The government needs to focus much more clearly on generating the environment for private sector led growth by removing bottlenecks in policies, infrastructure, and institutions that prevent new private businesses from flourishing. International aid donors can help by supporting the removal of administrative barriers for investments, the rehabilitation of infrastructure, and the creation of "restructuring agencies" that will enable firms in key sectors to overcome or avoid common constraints to business growth in Armenia. Successful restructuring by such firms should have a demonstration effect on the country's economy and help consolidate public support for moving forward the program of reform begun a decade ago.

Armenia : Growth Challenges and Government Policies, Volume 2. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
This report reviews growth trends in Armenia for the period 1994-2000, outlines major weaknesses of existing development patterns, and suggests a package of policy recommendations designed to accelerate enterprise restructuring, attract investment, and encourage the creation of new businesses in the medium term (three to five years). Such steps are needed to systain (and preferably to increase) the current growth rates, to stop emigration among the young and skilled, and to reduce poverty. The government needs to focus much more clearly on generating the environment for private sector led growth by removing bottlenecks in policies, infrastructure, and institutions that prevent new private businesses from flourishing. International aid donors can help by supporting the removal of administrative barriers for investments, the rehabilitation of infrastructure, and the creation of "restructuring agencies" that will enable firms in key sectors to overcome or avoid common constraints to business growth in Armenia. Successful restructuring by such firms should have a demonstration effect on the country's economy and help consolidate public support for moving forward the program of reform begun a decade ago.

Nepal : Electronic Government Procurement Readiness Assessment and Roadmap

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Procurement Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
The assessment focused on the degree of readiness of Government of Nepal's (GoN's) current public procurement environment for making a transition from a traditional paper-based, manual procurement transaction processing and communication to electronic government procurement (e-GP). Some 20 public and private sector organizations, involved in a wide range of functions that relate to public procurement, provided comment on the degree of readiness of nine key components related to e-GP: leadership, human resource planning, procurement planning and management, procurement policy, legislation and regulation, Internet and electronic infrastructure, standards, private sector integration, and current e-GP systems and initiatives. The assessment found: adequate evidence that an e-Tendering system is in place but is little used; some evidence that procurement legislation and procurement planning is in place and being supported, and that some procurement training has been conducted; and limited evidence that leadership...

Republic of Tajikistan : Private Sector Development Strategy

World Bank; Government of Tajikistan; Donor Coordination Council
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
This report sets out recommendations for the Government of Tajikistan to implement in order to make feasible its intention to develop a comprehensive strategy for private sector development. Many of these actions - such as eliminating restrictions on the term of licenses and reducing the number of licenses to 65 - can be accomplished in less than a year and should show rapid results, thus demonstrating the Government's credibility in conducting reforms and strengthening business and investor confidence that improvements in investment climate are now a reality. The study believes that in order to sustain economic growth over the medium and long-term, Tajikistan will clearly need to attract investment and further diversify its economy. Realizing this potential, however, will require significant improvements in its investment climate, not only through the continued modernization of its legal and regulatory framework, but the institutional capacity to implement the reforms they were intended to realize. Otherwise...

Análise da eficácia das compras públicas sustentáveis do governo federal

Silva, Raony Grau e
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
Compreendendo que o poder de compra possui enormes potencialidades de induzir padrões de produção de bens e serviços a partir da adoção de critérios de sustentabilidade, no tripé social, econômico e ambiental, o Estado, enquanto grande consumidor, ao exigir em suas contratações que os bens e serviços adquiridos estejam dentro desses padrões, pode fazer com que o setor produtivo se adapte a essas exigências, já que essa se torna uma condição imprescindível para a participação nas contratações públicas. Nesse sentido, este trabalho tem por objetivo principal avaliar a eficácia das compras públicas sustentáveis realizadas por meio da modalidade pregão, no período de 2010 a 2013, no âmbito do Governo Federal. Analisando as aquisições de produtos com critérios sustentáveis, buscou-se a identificação do perfil de empresas que fornecem produtos sustentáveis para o Governo Federal por meio da verificação de banco de dados oficial de aquisições de produtos do portal de compras do Governo Federal (ComprasNet), onde foi possível verificar se são pequenas, médias ou grandes empresas. Como resultado, constatou-se que as Micro e Pequenas Empresas (MPEs) respondem, em média, por 54% do total de cadastros de um total 150 mil empresas registradas no sistema. No total de licitações...

Cost benefit analysis of the federal tax credit for purchasing an electric vehicle

Fuqua, William
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
This paper will present the results of a cost-benefit analysis performed to determine the public benefits of the $7500 federal tax credit for purchasing an electric vehicle. A cost benefit ratio including air pollution, carbon dioxide emissions, and oil dependence as components was created and applied to every county in the continental United States. The results suggest that the current tax credit is too high since it does not create $7500 worth of public benefits using the benefits included in the analysis. Benefits vary regionally due to sources of electricity generation and existing air pollution levels with counties in the northeast and on the west coast generally seeing higher benefits from EV use. The largest component of the benefits is from reducing oil dependence while it was also found that EV use in some areas could actually increase air pollution and CO2 emissions. The cost-benefit analysis indicates that the government should consider lowering the tax credit and that air pollution and CO2 emissions from the electric power industry need to be addressed before widespread EV use occurs in much of the United States.