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As práticas de comunicação em projetos globais de desenvolvimento de produtos em empresas multinacionais brasileiras; The practice of communication in global development projects of products in Brazilian multinational corporations

Silveira, Franciane Freitas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.31%
Os projetos globais de desenvolvimento de produtos passam pelas áreas de conhecimento da gestão tradicional de projetos e, adicionalmente, demandam maior atenção de diversos aspectos inerentes ao ambiente global, tais como: coordenação e controle; construção de confiança e cooperação entre as equipes dispersas geograficamente. Outro tema especialmente importante nesse contexto é o processo de comunicação que se torna bastante crítico à medida que os recursos tradicionais de comunicação em projetos (reuniões face-a-face, comunicação não-verbal, visualização do trabalho in loco, entre outros) passam a ser limitados e/ ou substituídos por outros baseados em meios eletrônicos (videoconferência, emails, mensagens instantâneas, entre outros). O objetivo desta pesquisa foi o de mapear as práticas de comunicação aplicadas aos projetos globais e analisar se essas práticas variam de acordo com o tipo e com algumas características do modelo de gestão dos projetos. A unidade de análise escolhida foram os projetos globais de desenvolvimento de produtos de empresas multinacionais brasileiras e o método de pesquisa, o estudo de casos múltiplos. Os resultados permitiram verificar que a freqüência da comunicação nos projetos globais diminui com a distância...

Influência de fatores culturais na comunicação em projetos virtuais globais: estudo de caso de uma empresa de tecnologia da informação; The influence of cultural aspects in the communication in global virtual projects: a case study in a technology information company

Duranti, Cleber Marchetti
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/09/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
A gestão de equipes virtuais de projetos globais passa pelas áreas de conhecimento da gestão de projetos tradicional e, por outro lado, demanda maior atenção em alguns aspectos, como a comunicação, Em equipes virtuais, o processo de comunicação torna-se bastante crítico, à medida que alguns dos recursos tradicionais de comunicação em projetos (reuniões face-aface, comunicação não-verbal, visualização do trabalho in loco, dentre outros) passam a ser limitados e substituídos por outros baseados em tecnologia (teleconferências, e-mails, chats, etc.), Além disso, é freqüente que em projetos globais a composição das equipes não seja homogênea e contemple membros provenientes de diferentes culturas. Esse trabalho estuda o processo de comunicação como uma variável crítica de sucesso em equipes virtuais de projetos globais, analisando como esse processo é afetado por diferenças culturais entre os membros das equipes. Um survey sobre percepção de ferramentas de comunicação virtual e suas características é respondido por um grupo de americanos e um grupo de brasileiros e as diferenças encontradas são analisado à luz das diferenças de cultura nacional. Constata-se através dos resultados do survey que diferenças significativas estão presentes na percepção que os dois grupos apresentam quanto às ferramentas de comunicação virtual...

Cultura e desempenho de equipes de projetos globais: um estudo em empresas multinacionais brasileiras; Culture and global project team performance: a study in Brazilian multinational companies

Rodrigues, Ivete
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.24%
A internacionalização das empresas brasileiras traz uma nova realidade: a necessidade de implementação de projetos globais. Estes trazem, em seu bojo, o desafio do gerenciamento de equipes multiculturais. Sendo um fenômeno recente, com pouco desenvolvimento teórico, o presente estudo buscou entender as relações entre características culturais e desempenho de equipes de projetos globais em multinacionais brasileiras, em contextos de alta e baixa distância cultural. Uma vez identificadas estas relações, tratou-se de entendê-las à luz do processo de gerenciamento de equipes. Para levar avante esta discussão, empreendeu-se um estudo de campo com enfoque tanto quantitativo quanto qualitativo junto a 34 projetos globais de multinacionais brasileiras, em que participaram pessoas oriundas de 22 países. Os resultados indicam que características culturais estão, sim, associadas ao desempenho da equipe, seja técnico ou humano, e que essa associação tem diferentes intensidades a depender do contexto. A proximidade hierárquica e o coletivismo foram mais importantes em contextos de baixa distância, enquanto que a feminilidade e a propensão ao risco foram mais importantes em contexto de alta distância cultural. Em que pesem estes resultados...

Contribuição dos créditos de carbono na viabilidade de projetos de eficiência energética térmica e de troca de combustíveis em cervejarias; Contribution of carbon credits to the viability of energy efficiency and fuel switch projects in breweries

Barbosa, Renato Mariano
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
Atualmente é de complexa equalização o problema advindo da elevação da demanda energética e das ações antrópicas que corroboram para o aquecimento global e, neste sentido, apesar de o Brasil ser abundante em hidroeletricidade, há ainda um grande espaço para o uso de outras fontes renováveis de energia, como a biomassa residual. Na indústria, projetos de adoção de novos e eficientes processos para a redução da carga térmica, bem como o uso de biomassa e de biogás das estações de tratamentos de efluentes podem ser um diferencial no conjunto de soluções para o dilema energético-ambiental, uma vez vão ao encontro dos objetivos das políticas energéticas globais em vigência, as quais pregam a segurança e sustentabilidade. Porém, verifica-se que tais medidas ainda têm sido desprezadas por muitas empresas, pois os investimentos são ainda muito elevados, ressaltando-se ainda que, talvez por não se entender como esses projetos podem internalizar as externalidades positivas que os acompanham, essas empresas seguem alheias aos benefícios socioambientais e econômicos advindos dos créditos de carbono, que podem compensar os altos investimentos realizados em racionalização energética. Desta maneira, essa dissertação analisa a viabilidade econômica da implantação de projetos de substituição de combustíveis fósseis por biomassa renovável para geração de vapor de processos; de uso de biogás de ETEs para geração de eletricidade e de implementação de tecnologias para a redução do consumo de vapor industrial...

Criando sentido para as incertezas imprevisíveis em projetos inovadores; Sensemaking unforeseeable uncertainty for innovative projects

Russo, Rosaria de Fatima Segger Macri
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/08/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
As inovações, motores do desenvolvimento global, viabilizam-se nas organizações por meio dos projetos. Quanto maior for o nível de inovação nesses projetos, maior é a probabilidade de existirem incertezas imprevisíveis. A identificação dos sinais precoces de uma mudança permitiria perceber essas incertezas, porém, para o reconhecimento antecipado desses sinais, é preciso também dar sentido ao que está ocorrendo, pela criação de sentido (sensemaking). Assim, este estudo tem como objetivo principal entender qual é o fator gerador da incerteza imprevisível, quais são os fatores motivadores de sua identificação e quais práticas contribuem para a criação de sentido dessas incertezas em projetos inovadores. Para tal, foi feito um levantamento de campo, de maio a dezembro de 2011, no qual foram utilizados: um questionário para se obterem informações iniciais sobre os projetos que poderiam ser considerados inovadores e, posteriormente, uma entrevista aprofundada, direcionada por um roteiro com perguntas abertas, com um dos participantes do projeto. Foram enviados 152 convites para gestores de projetos, dos quais apenas 16 projetos atenderam aos requisitos exigidos, transformando-se em unidade de análise. A cada uma dessas unidades foram solicitados...

Planejamento da gestão da comunicação em projetos globais : uma proposta de modelo de plano de comunicação para o desenvolvimento de propulsores a diesel; Communication management plan for global project : a model proposal for communication plan for diesel engine development

Kleber Pereira Gonzales
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
Os projetos globais de desenvolvimento de produto, em específico, na indústria automobilística, caracterizam-se pela importância, cada vez maior, de novos lançamentos, embora grandes desenvolvimentos tenham ocorridos nos últimos anos quanto a métodos, técnicas, modelos e ferramentas relacionadas ao gerenciamento de projetos. Pesquisas recentes constatam que a comunicação pode ser responsável pelo fracasso de projetos e ocupa a primeira posição dos problemas mais citados, pelas empresas brasileiras, no que tange ao gerenciamento de projetos devido à falta de comunicação, ou à inadequação da mesma; e torna-se mais complexa no contexto de projetos globais, em que fatores como distância geográfica, diferenças de cultura, diferenças organizacionais e de procedimentos operacionais impactam diretamente na comunicação. Gerenciar a comunicação é um processo tão importante quanto qualquer outro nas empresas. Índices apontam que os gerentes gastam a maior parte do seu tempo com a comunicação, ou problemas decorrentes deste nos projetos. Sendo assim, o presente trabalho tem por objetivo elaborar um modelo de plano de gestão da comunicação em projetos globais, de modo a reduzir as dificuldades constadas na gestão de tais projetos. Para tanto...

The Role of Local Benefits in Global Environmental Programs

Global Environment Facility
Fonte: Washington, DC: Global Environment Facility Publicador: Washington, DC: Global Environment Facility
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
This study analyzes the interrelationship between local benefits and global environment benefits in the Global Environment Facility (GEF) strategies and projects in order to: Enhance GEF policies, strategies, and project design and implementation so these can effectively promote the potential for local gains in those global environmental programs where actors need to be mobilized for long-term support of sound environmental management, costs incurred by local communities for supplying global environmental goods need to be reduced, and possible negative impacts need to be ameliorated. Strengthen GEF monitoring and evaluation policies and processes to develop indicators for, and enhance the tracking of, local benefits and negative impacts. Expand the body of existing operational knowledge of good practices and experiences germane to pursuing global environmental issues and of constraints or fallacies to be avoided in operations. Disseminate widely the most valuable lessons of existing experience and show how these lessons can be implemented in future GEF operations.

Estimating Global Climate Change Impacts on Hydropower Projects : Applications in India, Sri Lanka and Vietnam

Iimi, Atsushi
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
The world is faced with considerable risk and uncertainty about climate change. Particular attention has been paid increasingly to hydropower generation in recent years because it is renewable energy. However, hydropower is among the most vulnerable industries to changes in global and regional climate. This paper aims to examine the possibility of applying a simple vector autoregressive model to forecast future hydrological series and evaluate the resulting impact on hydropower projects. Three projects are considered - in India, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam. The results are still tentative in terms of both methodology and implications; but the analysis shows that the calibrated dynamic forecasts of hydrological series are much different from the conventional reference points in the 90 percent dependable year. The paper also finds that hydrological discharges tend to increase with rainfall and decrease with temperature. The rainy season would likely have higher water levels, but in the lean season water resources would become even more limited. The amount of energy generated would be affected to a certain extent...

Assessment of the Impact of the Crisis on New PPI Projects : Update Five

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
Investment commitments to infrastructure projects with private participation (Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) projects) reaching closure in developing countries grew by 22 percent in the third quarter of 2009, and by 10 percent in the first three quarters of the year, compared with the same periods of 2008. These growth rates indicate a strong recovery from the 54 percent decline in the second half of 2008 compared with the same period of 2007. But investment grew selectively, concentrated in large energy projects in a few countries: Brazil, India, and Turkey. The Russian Federation, by contrast, saw a sharp decline in investment as a result of the global financial crisis and the end of the RAO UES privatization program. If these four countries were excluded, investment in developing countries would have fallen by 49 percent in the third quarter of 2009, and by 5 percent in the first three quarters, compared with the same periods of 2008. Among sectors, energy was the only one with investment growth in 2009...

Development Marketplace Grantee Toolkit : Project Design, Monitoring and Evaluation for Small Innovative Projects

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
The Development Marketplace (DM) is a competitive grant program that identifies and supports field testing of innovative, early stage ideas with potential for high development impact. Administered by the World Bank, it attracts ideas from a range of innovators, including civil society groups, social entrepreneurs, academia and private sector. Various partners support competitions, held at the global, regional and country level. To date, the DM has awarded over $55 million for over 256 grants through its global competition, supporting projects through proof-of-concept phase. Using funding as a launching pad, projects often scale up or replicate elsewhere. Sometimes they win prestigious awards within the sphere of social entrepreneurship. Global competitions are the keystone of the DM program. Held every 12-18 months, each global competition is initiated with an open call for proposals which draws in applications from a range of social innovators including civil society groups, entrepreneurs, and academia. Roughly 25-30 winners out of thousands of applications are selected through a rigorous juried merit-based process. Each winner receives a grant of up to $200K to implement their project over two years.

Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions through Joint Implementation of Projects

Martin, Will
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
Efficient reduction of carbon dioxide emissions requires coordination of international efforts. Approaches proposed include carbon taxes, emission quotas, and jointly implemented energy projects. To reduce emissions efficiently, requires equalizing the marginal costs of reduction between countries. The apparently large differentials between the costs of reducing emissions in industrial and developing countries, implies a great potential for lowering the costs of reducing emissions by focusing on projects in developing countries. Most proposals for joint implementation of energy projects emphasize installing more technically efficient capital equipment, to allow reductions in energy use for any given mix of input, and output. But such increases in efficiency are likely to have potentially important second-round impacts: 1) Lowering the relative effective price of specific energy products. 2) Lowering the price of energy relative to other inputs. 3) Lowering the price of energy-intensive products relative to other products. The author explores the consequences of these second-round impacts...

Combating Land Degradation in Production Landscapes : Learning from GEF Projects Applying Integrated Approaches

Global Environment Facility
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
During the Fifth Replenishment Phase of the Global Environment Facility (GEF-5), portfolio monitoring and learning review were introduced as key components of knowledge management in the GEF Secretariat. These strategies were intended to address the need to generate knowledge on innovative practices, experiences, and lessons from projects financed by the GEF. In that regard, the Land Degradation focal area strategy for GEF-5 specifically included a learning objective on the catalytic effect of the GEF integrated Approaches, practices focused on integrating the management of land, soil, water, biodiversity, and biomass, in production systems (agriculture, rangelands, and forest landscapes). The focal area strategy embodies the landscape approach and integrated ecosystem management principles to maximize the global environmental benefits of combating land degradation. As a result of that focus, the strategy also addresses the need to harness and safeguard ecosystem services (carbon cycling, biodiversity...

Economic Analysis of Projects in a Greenhouse World

Hamilton, Kirk; Stover, Jana
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
Recent carbon market prices are substantially lower than mean or median estimates of the social cost of carbon in the literature. Intuition would therefore suggest that 'investment errors' are being made, in the sense that markets favor higher carbon-emitting projects, while global welfare would be larger with lower carbon-emitting projects. This intuition is correct in specific circumstances, but not others. For any comparison of two alternative projects, there is a carbon switching price that equalizes their net social benefits. From the perspective of maximizing global welfare, investment errors only occur when this switching price lies between the carbon market price and the social cost of carbon. Data on the costs of high-carbon and low-carbon electric generation projects suggest that there is no financing gap using mean or median published figures, but for precautionary (95th percentile) choices of the social cost of carbon, there is a financing gap between carbon market prices and the switching price that would trigger investment in the global welfare-maximizing low-carbon project. A global carbon fund to finance this gap could be conceived...

Implementing the Poznan Strategic and Long-term Programs on Technology Transfer

Global Environment Facility
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.19%
Promoting the transfer of environmentally sound technologies (ESTs) and best practices to developing and transition countries is a key priority for all countries that seek to mitigate climate change impacts and build resilience. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is one of the entities entrusted to provide financial resources to assist developing and transition countries in implementing the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The GEF launched the Poznan Strategic Program on Technology Transfer in 2008. This program supports the following activities: 1) conduct technology needs assessments; 2) support pilot priority technology projects linked to technology needs assessments; and 3) disseminate GEF experience and successfully demonstrated ESTs. The Long-Term Program on Technology Transfer seeks to scale up technology transfer activities supported under the original Poznan Program. This long-term program includes the following elements: (i) support for climate technology centers and a climate technology network; (ii) piloting priority technology projects to foster innovation and investments; (iii) public-private partnership for technology transfer; (iv) technology needs assessments; and (v) GEF as a catalytic supporting institution for technology transfer. This document provides an overview of the GEF's approach on promoting technology transfer...

Financing the Global Benefits of Forests : The Bank's GEF Portfolio and the 1991 Forest Strategy

Campbell, J. Gabriel; Martin, Alejandra
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
This evaluation was conducted jointly by the Operations Evaluation Department (OED) and Global Environment Facility (GEF). It examines the degree to which Global Environment Facility (GEF) policies are compatible with the World Bank's Forest Strategy. It highlights a number of GEF-specific issues that are significant to forests and to the impact of the World Bank's GEF-funded forest sector portfolio from 1991 to June 1999. The report recommends developing policies and projects that more effectively work with sustainable forest use and management to incorporate conservation objectives, as well as expanding forest strategy goals into the private sector forest industry. The study advises that the World Bank's partnership with the GEF for sustainable conservation of the world's forest biodiversity be expanded, with more strategically developed and realistic goals and more innovative approaches.

Evaluation of GEF Support for Biosafety : Full Report

Global Environment Facility
Fonte: Washington, DC: Global Environment Facility Publicador: Washington, DC: Global Environment Facility
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
Biotechnology is probably as old as civilization itself. Special methods of food preparation, such as developing drinks from fermenting wheat or fruit, or making cheese, were known in prehistoric times. In recent decades, this old science has seen dramatic new developments. With the recent development of "new" biotechnologies, such as living modified organisms (LMOs), hope was raised that these would contribute greatly to an increase in world agricultural production and thereby help reduce hunger and diseases. However, the emergence of LMOs has also led to concerns about potential harmful effects on the environment and human health. These concerns were addressed through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which provided a framework to negotiate the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, which regulates international transfers of LMOs and aims to reduce risks for human health and the environment. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is the designated financial mechanism for the Cartagena Protocol. The GEF's initial financing of capacity-building activities in biosafety began in 1997...

Atitude socialmente responsável ou estratégia comercial: o caso do pacto global

Ferreira, Débora Vargas
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
The discussion about corporate obligations toward the various stakeholders began in the postindustrial era and developed to culminate in the creation of rules, regulations, programs and projects focusing on the dissemination and promotion of what we know today as corporate social responsibility (CSR). In this context, satisfying this new demand and adopting social policies emerge as a determining factor in defining organizational strategies. Nevertheless, some questions are raised when we examine the subject, such as: To what extent should organizations intervene in society? Is the decision for the organizations to adopt a socially responsible attitude really linked to promoting social well being, or is it only a commercial strategy? How does social marketing relate to CSR projects? The study herein, based on the concept and understanding of CSR theories, stakeholders and social marketing, has sought to find evidence of this relationship, in the light of the Global Compact (GC). It was decided to use the multi-case study methodology, considering the possibility of explaining the reasons why the decisions were taken, how they were implemented and what was the outcome. Interviews, supported by previously prepared scripts, were held with CSR managers...

Orchestration of Global Software Engineering Projects

Bartelt, Christian; Broy, Manfred; Herrmann, Christoph; Knauss, Eric; Kuhrmann, Marco; Rausch, Andreas; Rumpe, Bernhard; Schneider, Kurt
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/09/2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
Global software engineering has become a fact in many companies due to real necessity in practice. In contrast to co-located projects global projects face a number of additional software engineering challenges. Among them quality management has become much more difficult and schedule and budget overruns can be observed more often. Compared to co-located projects global software engineering is even more challenging due to the need for integration of different cultures, different languages, and different time zones - across companies, and across countries. The diversity of development locations on several levels seriously endangers an effective and goal-oriented progress of projects. In this position paper we discuss reasons for global development, sketch settings for distribution and views of orchestration of dislocated companies in a global project that can be seen as a "virtual project environment". We also present a collection of questions, which we consider relevant for global software engineering. The questions motivate further discussion to derive a research agenda in global software engineering.; Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures

Communication practices in global product development projects of Brazilian multinational firms; Las prácticas de comunicación en proyectos globales de desarrollo de productos en empresas multinacionales brasileñas; As práticas de comunicação em projetos globais de desenvolvimento de produtos em multinacionais brasileiras

Silveira, Franciane Freitas; Sbragia, Roberto
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
This study sought to identify the most frequent and important communication practices used in the global product development projects of Brazilian multinationals and to analyze whether these communication practices vary according to certain project characteristics. The study has an exploratory nature and the research method chosen was the multiple case study. Our results indicate that the frequency of communication in global projects decreases as distance increases, making the control and coordination of the teams more difficult. However, distance, per se, despite adding to the challenges, does not necessarily cause communication problems, as one can bypass it with electronic communication tools. The study also concludes that communication practices and the importance ascribed to them vary depending on certain project characteristics, such as project type, product life cycle, project complexity and the integrative arrangements used in product development. Although these variations were identified, we found that communication practices do not arise in a standardized manner across all projects; conversely, they are improvised and circumstantial and do not rely on any specific planning at the beginning of the project.; El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar las prácticas de comunicación aplicadas a los proyectos globales de desarrollo de productos de empresas multinacionales brasileñas y analizar si esas prácticas varían de acuerdo con algunas características de los proyectos. Es un estudio de naturaleza exploratoria...

CCS Projects in the Energy Sector: challenges and opportunities; Proyectos CCS en el sector energético: desasfios y oportunidades; ; ;

Echevarria Huaman, Ruth Nataly
Fonte: Labor & Engenho; Labor & Engenho Publicador: Labor & Engenho; Labor & Engenho
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares; análise de dados Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/12/2014 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
It is now recognized that this planet and the humanity are under serious threat of global warming, In the global fight against climate change, the development of low-carbon technology is a vital component to reduce future carbon emissions. Global energy model dependent on oil, coal and gas, the burning of these fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide, the main responsible of this warming. Climate change is a serious threat, its impacts are already visible, and there is an urgent task to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the coming decades to prevent serious economic and social impacts. The "Carbon Capture and Sequestration" (CCS), is one of the three major pathways for reducing atmospheric concentration of CO2, the other two pathways are Lowering intensities through improved efficiency and conservation, and Switching to low or no carbon fuels, such as renewable or nuclear. The CCS technology to sequester or stores the CO2, from the burning of fossil fuels, in secure reservoirs other than the atmosphere, such as the oceans, under geological formations. It has become part of a research and development initiative promoted by some Governments and industries around the world. This paper provides an overview of the role that will play the CCS in the energy sector...