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Soil-mediated effects on potential Euterpe edulis (Arecaceae) fruit and palm heart sustainable management in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

Brancalion, Pedro Henrique Santin; Junior, Edson de Almeida Vidal; Lavorenti, Norberto Antonio; Batista, João Luis Ferreira; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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45.72%
Euterpe edulis is an endangered species due to palm heart overharvesting, the most important non-timber forest product of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, and fruit exploitation has been introduced as a low impacting alternative. However, E. edulis is a keystone species for frugivores birds, and even the impact of fruit exploitation needs to be better investigated. Since this species occurs over contrasting habitats, the establishment of site-specific standards and limits for exploitation may also be essential to achieve truly sustainable management. In this context, we sought to investigate how soil chemical composition would potentially affect E. edulis (Arecaceae) palm heart and fruit exploitation considering current standards of management. We studied natural populations found in Restinga Forest and Atlantic Rainforest remnants established within Natural Reserves of Sao Paulo State, SE Brazil, where 10.24 ha permanent plots, composed of a grid of 256 subplots (20 m x 20 m), were located. In each of these subplots, we evaluated soil chemical composition and diameter at breast height of E. edulis individuals. Additionally, we evaluated fruit yield in 2008 and 2009 in 20 individuals per year. The Atlantic Rainforest population had a much higher proportion of larger diameter individuals than the population from the Restinga Forest...

Administração gerencial ou gestão administrativa? : foco no planejamento educacional; Management administration or administrative management? : focus the educational planning

Soraia Chafic El Kfouri Salerno
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/12/2006 PT
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O planejamento, nesta pesquisa, é entendido como um dos elementos da administração que traz a relevo sua intenção política, sendo, portanto, uma ferramenta de ação política, que pode revelar ou ocultar lógicas na manifestação educacional. Apresenta-se o movimento histórico da Teoria Geral da Administração, identificando as influências para a administração educacional e os reflexos para o planejamento. O uso dessa ferramenta, bem como o seu não-uso, não prescinde da análise do caráter ideológico que comporta, com aparência de assepsia científica, pois a neutralidade não cabe no âmbito educacional. Reduzir os relevantes problemas de um sistema educacional a uma problemática técnicaquanto ao planificar deixa à mostra a desconsideração dos conflitos de interesses que permeiam tal sistema. O contraponto extremista a esta situação pode desoficializar o uso da técnica no campo prático para o alcance dos fins educacionais, diluindo o ordenamento do pensamento de maneira sistemática, para uma ação espontaneísta, que não admite, em nossos dias, nem em passados próximos, o caráter não sistemático, portanto, desprofissionalizado, em sistemas educacionais. Entende-se que o papel do planejamento na escola não se dissocia do papel do Estado planejador...

1.259J / 11.542J / ESD.227J Transit Management, Spring 2003; Transit Management

Wilson, Nigel H. M.; Salvucci, Frederick
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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Management methods of relevance to public transportation systems. Topics: strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning and administration; financing; marketing and fare policy; and management information and decision support systems. Shows how these general management tasks are dealt with in the transit industry and presents alternative strategies. Identifies alternative arrangements for service provision, including different ways of involving the private sector in public transportation.

1.259J / 11.542J / ESD.227J Transit Management, Spring 2005; Transit Management

Wilson, Nigel H. M.
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
Management methods of relevance to public transportation systems. Topics: strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning and administration; financing; marketing and fare policy; and management information and decision support systems. Shows how these general management tasks are dealt with in the transit industry and presents alternative strategies. Identifies alternative arrangements for service provision, including different ways of involving the private sector in public transportation.

Avaliação da importância dos sistemas de gestão da qualidade nas universidades federais; Evaluation of the importance of quality management systems in Federal Universities

Andrade, Dalliane Vanessa Pires
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia de Produção; Estratégia; Qualidade; Gestão Ambiental; Gestão da Produção e Operações Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia de Produção; Estratégia; Qualidade; Gestão Ambiental; Gestão da Produção e Operações
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.74%
This thesis aims at analyzing from the perspective of the manager the importance of the use of quality management tools and concepts in Federal Universities. It was motivated by the following research problem: do Federal University managers consider it to be relevant the quality management in their institution? Therefore, we sought to gather evidence for a satisfactory approach that addresses the complexity of the topic researched: quality, higher education and quality management systems. We chose to adopt an applied study, the exploratory-descriptive research as to the objective and the quantitative and qualitative research as to the approach to the problem. The object of study is composed by the Planning Provosts of Federal Universities listed in the University Ranking Sheet - (RUF) in 2013. We chose to restrict the sample listing only the provosts of the 20 best-placed universities in the ranking of the Federal Universities. The research instrument was composed of 26 questions, of which 6 questions were designed to identify the profile of the manager, 16 questions of perception (manifested variables) on the importance of quality management in the University, where the managers assigned values (answers) to the affirmatives (that address the main topic of this thesis) based on a Likert scale of 5 points...

Management development: an exploratory study of its role in the owner/managed firm

Hynes, Briga
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
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peer-reviewed; This thesis is primarily an exploratory study undertaken to evaluate the role and application of management development in the context of the small firm and its contribution to the improved performance and success of the firm. The study is set in the context of an industrial environment which is actively involved in encouraging the development of small firms, as an important contributing factor to the economic climate and for the creation of employment. Literature is reviewed which provides an understanding of the motivations of individuals to start in business, and the associated stages of development. It specifically highlights the low level of involvement of owner/managers in development programmes and addresses this issue. This examines the impact of influencing factors such as the personal objectives of the manager, their behaviour, management style etc. have on the level of part participation in management development programmes. The case study method is used to obtain greater detail and knowledge of the subject in the context of the small firm. The empirical data ezamined the level of participation of four owner/managers in the various programmes. The evidence from analysis of the case studies suggests that managers who participate in management development programmes in the early stages of the company life cycle perform better...

In Favor of Hospitality-Management Education

Tews, Michael J.; Van Hoof, Hubert B.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.76%
Despite the almost one-hundred-year history of hospitality-management education; the hundreds of well-established two-year, four-year, and graduate programs worldwide; and the hundreds of thousands of graduates those programs have prepared for careers in the industry, hospitality-management education’s merit and place in higher education are still questioned at times, to the dismay of hospitality educators the world over. This article delineates several features of hospitality management that make these programs valuable and unique and provides compelling arguments in its favor. The arguments include: 1) courses tailored to the hospitality industry, the world’s largest industry; 2) focus on small-business management as well as corporate enterprises; 3) emphasis on services and service management, not manufacturing; 4) programs and coursework focused on people management, which it at the core of the hospitality businesses; 5) unique focus on the specific issues of food and beverage management, the largest component of the hospitality industry; and 6) transferability of graduates’ knowledge and skill sets, which are in high demand among other service industries. While business programs focus on the fundamentals of management and production...

Patient satisfaction with point-of-care testing in general practice

Laurence, C.; Gialamas, A.; Bubner, T.; Yelland, L.; Willson, K.; Ryan, P.; Beilby, J.; Gill, J.; Glastonbury, B.; Killeen, R.; McKittrick, P.; Shephard, M.; St John, A.; Thomas, D.; Tideman, P.; Tirimacco, R.; Worley, P.
Fonte: Royal Coll General Practitioners Publicador: Royal Coll General Practitioners
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
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45.77%
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care testing is increasingly being used in general practice to assist GPs in their management of patients with chronic disease. However, patient satisfaction and acceptability of point-of-care testing in general practice has not been widely studied. AIM: To determine if patients are more satisfied with point-of-care testing than with pathology laboratory testing for three chronic conditions. DESIGN OF STUDY: As part of a large multicentre, randomised, controlled trial assessing the use of point-of-care testing in Australian general practice, satisfaction was measured for patients having pathology testing performed by point-of-care testing devices or pathology laboratories. Patients in the trial were managed by GPs for diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, and/or anticoagulant therapy. METHOD: Patient satisfaction was measured using level of agreement with a variety of statements at the end of the study with a patient satisfaction questionnaire for both the intervention and control groups. Analysis was performed using a mixed model analysis of variance (ANOVA) with allowance for clustering at the practice level following Box-Cox transformations of the data to achieve normality. RESULTS: Overall, intervention patients reported that they were satisfied with point-of-care testing. In comparison with the control group...

Organisational development and OHS management in large organisations

Frick, Kaj
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 263633 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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How Occupational Health and Safety Management (OHSM) is implemented is important. It is intended to be a linchpin in the existing systems of improving OHS. A more systematic and integrated management of OHS is to make the regulation, advice, and local co-operation work more effectively and efficiently to improve the work environment. OHSM therefore touches most of the major issues in the organisation and regulation of OHS. Several of these, I will only mention briefly, as they are dealt with in more depth in other papers. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of what implementing OHSM requires of employers and their organisations, and of the obstructions to and supporting factors for such an implementation (see further Frick et al. 2000a). As organisational problems are major stumbling blocks for a successful OHSM, the organisational development needed to overcome these obstacles will be given special attention. But with this broad scope, I should first clarify the meaning of my central concepts: 'Occupational Health and Safety Management' has no generally accepted definition. It is variously specified in a growing number of regulations, standards and marketed OHSM-systems. I will use the simple but principal definition of Frick et al. (2000b: 3) of OHSM as a limited number of mandated principles for a systematic management of OH&S...

Putting Tanzania's Hidden Economy to Work : Reform, Management, and Protection of its Natural Resource Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This paper tells a story about conditions in Tanzania's hidden economy, the parts of the natural resource sector often ignored in conventional economic analyses and studies, and makes recommendations for future policy actions. The paper draws primarily from extensive background studies undertaken of the forestry, fishery, wildlife, mining, and tourism sub sectors (COWI 2005) as well as a wide range of complementary studies undertaken by the World Bank and others. It de-emphasizes those sectors with factors of production that are not readily traded or exported (such as land and water), although some examples are given relating to soil quality and water management based on extensive studies undertaken within the agriculture and water sectors. The story is relatively simple: pricing distortions, coupled with institutional weakness and the lack of rule of law, have created an environment that undermines economic growth. This paper also acknowledges that Tanzania has already taken positive steps to making some of the needed corrections to protect its natural resources. In recent analyses of corruption indicators world-wide (World Bank Institute 2006)...

Induced technical change in computable general equilibrium models for climate-change policy analysis

Sue Wing, Ian, 1970-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 352 p.; 2925925 bytes; 2925680 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Policies to avert the threat of dangerous climate change focus on stabilizing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations by drastically reducing anthropogenic emissions of carbon. Such reductions require limiting the use of fossil fuels-which supply the bulk of energy to economic activity, and for which substitutes are lacking-which is feared will cause large energy price increases and reductions in economic welfare. However, a key determinant of the cost of emissions limits is technological change-especially innovation induced by the price changes that stem from carbon abatement itself, about which little is understood.This thesis investigates the inducement of technological change by limits on carbon emissions, and the effects of such change on the macroeconomic cost of undertaking further reductions. The analysis is conducted using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the US economy-a numerical simulation that determines aggregate welfare based on the interaction of prices with the demands for and supplies of commodities and factors across different markets. Within the model induced technical change (ITC) is represented by the effect of emissions limits on the accumulation of the economy's stock of knowledge, and by the reallocation of the intangible services generated by the stock...

Primer for GMIS : General Management Information System

Donovan, John J.
Fonte: MIT Energy Lab Publicador: MIT Energy Lab
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 2036829 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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GMIS (Generalized Management Information System) is a set of tools for building information systems. These tools include a flexible data management capability, various modeling and analytical capabilities. Facilities for on line queries and execution as well as facilities for multi- user access to a data base. These tools have been applied to produce a facility (NEEMIS, New England Energy Management Information System) for energy planning and analysis within New England. This manual's purpose is to be a primer for using GMIS and the NEEMIS facility. For motivation and overview of the research involved in GMIS, see "GATIS - An Experimental System for Data Management and Analysis", by J. Donovan and H. Jacoby. For a complete description of the facility, see GMIS User's Guide.; Prepared in association with the Sloan School of Management.; New England Regional Commission Contract no. 10530680, the MIT/IBM Joint Study, and MIT internal funds

The optimization of General Motors' warranty system by reducing mean time to discover failure

Ellington, Jelani H. (Jelani Hester)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 54 p.; 2584600 bytes; 2585646 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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45.82%
Warranty is an important part of many organizations. Warranty costs take money directly away from corporations' bottom line. General Motors Corporations warranty liability costs its shareholders upwards of billion dollars annually. General Motors currently uses RedX, a systematic design of experiments methodology, to try to reduce warranty costs. Although this approach has reduced warranty costs, it has not done so neither fast nor sufficiently as high costs remains. The General Motors' warranty system was mapped and diagnosed. Interviews were conducted with all involved parties with the warranty system. Competitors warranty systems were compared and contrast to General Motors' warranty system. Other factors considered were new quality methods. The major factors limiting General Motors goals to reducing warranty are time to discover the failure and the time the fix the failure once it is discovered. Another factor is the culture and the lack of team environment within the warranty organization. General Motors should use telematics, onboard diagnostics, signature analysis, and a systemic approach which involves integrating the design and warranty organizations to predict and quickly eliminate defects from its manufacturing facilities. This approach will either eliminate failures quickly or prevent them from even becoming failures in the first place.; by Jelani H. Ellington.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Globalization at NTT DoCoMo : implementing global business management strategies

Takagi, Katsuyuki, 1964-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 135 leaves; 6188954 bytes; 6203493 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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45.73%
Global business management has become one of the most important issues facing companies today, and global economic dynamics provide companies with both tremendous opportunities and formidable challenges. Countries are increasingly tied to each other through deregulation and liberalization for economic exchanges. Global competition is a necessity rather than a matter of direction for many companies. Global business management is more complex than doing business in a single country because of differences in source and nature between the home country and a target country. There are more managerial items that require modification with the passage of time. To be a successful multinational corporation, companies must recognize the whole picture of global business management and pursue best practices continuously. NTT DoCoMo, the largest Japanese mobile network operator, has achieved great success in the domestic market by leveraging its technological superiority since it was established in 1992. As the signs of market saturation began to emerge in Japan, NTT DoCoMo advanced its plans for globalization aggressively. For NTT DoCoMo, which does not own real products and production facilities, this represents a new challenge a Japanese company...

Computerisation in Australian general practice

Western, Mark Chakrit; Dwan, Kathryn Madonna; Western, John Stuart; Makkai, Toni; Del Mar, Chris
Fonte: Royal Australian College of General Practioners Publicador: Royal Australian College of General Practioners
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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45.74%
AIM: To assess the current levels of computer use in Australian general practice, and identify clinical and administrative tasks for which computers are most commonly used by general practitioners. METHODS: A telephone survey of a nationally representativ

Divisions of general practice and practice nurse development in Australia

Hall, Sally
Fonte: eContent Management Pty Ltd Publicador: eContent Management Pty Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
Nurses are consistently being seen as an integral part of a team approach to primary care service delivery, with significant policy initiatives being directed towards their employment in Australian general practice. Furthermore they are being increasingly

Management of an acute asthma attack

Barnard, Amanda
Fonte: Royal Australian College of General Practioners Publicador: Royal Australian College of General Practioners
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
BACKGROUND: Despite a more proactive approach to asthma management, which includes an increased range of drugs, wide dissemination of guidelines, and the use of asthma action plans, an acute severe asthma attack is one of the most common emergencies a general practitioner will encounter. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the management of an acute asthma attack in the general practice setting. DISCUSSION: Assessment of severity is vital and can be ascertained quite quickly with a brief history and rapid physical examination. It is important to remember that wheeze is an unreliable indicator of the severity of attack and may be absent in severe asthma. The cornerstones of treatment are oxygen and inhaled beta 2 agonists. Beta 2 agonists can be given continuously in severe life threatening asthma. Early administration of systemic steroids is important. Patients discharged to home after treatment of an asthma attack require close follow up including beta 2 agonists for symptom control, review of medications including a consideration of a short course of oral steroids, a written asthma action plan and detailed advice about what to do in case of deterioration in the next 24 hours. They should be reviewed in 24-48 hours.

General management principles and a checklist of strategies to guide forest biodiversity conservation

Lindenmayer, David; Franklin, J F; Fischer, Joern
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.75%
Many indicators and criteria have been proposed to assess the sustainable management of forests but their scientific validity remains uncertain. Because the effects of forest disturbances (such as logging) are often specific to particular species, sites,

The general solution of a mixed integer linear programme over a cone

Williams, H. P.
Fonte: Management Science Group, Department of Management, The London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Management Science Group, Department of Management, The London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2013 EN; EN
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We give a general method of finding the optimal objective, and solution, values of a Mixed Integer Linear Programme over a Cone (MILPC) as a function of the coefficients (objective, matrix and right- hand side). In order to do this we first convert the matrix of constraint coefficients to a Normal Form (Modified Hermite Normal Form (MHNF)). Then we project out all the variables leaving an (attainable) bound on the optimal objective value. For (M)IPs, including MILPC, projection is more complex, than in the Linear programming (LP) case, yielding the optimal objective value as a finite disjunction of inequalities The method can also be interpreted as finding the 'minimal' strengthening of the constraints of the LP relaxation which yields an integer solution to the associated LP.

Salmonid introduction in Patagonia: the ghost of past, present and future management

Macchi,Patricio J.; Vigliano,Pablo H.
Fonte: Ecología austral Publicador: Ecología austral
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
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The present structure of the fish fauna of Patagonia has been influenced by natural processes and by the introduction of exotic fsh with varying purposes. An analysis of the introductions between 1904 and 2011 in relation to 54 drainages showed that the differential success of salmonid species introduced into Patagonia is related to human actions, environment, evolutionary history and plasticity of the introduced species as well as to their abiotic and biotic interactions. Throughout time shifting policies have lacked clear goals and mandates, ultimately producing management actions and strategies rarely based on actual knowledge. In recent years two broad general management goals have emerged, conservation of native fsh and economic growth through development of salmonid sport fisheries. Despite of the growing number of biological and ecological studies, there is a shortage of specific management studies. This is brought about in part because the different stake holders involved have partial views of the complexity of managing the resource and its fragility, and also due to their limited interaction. Only cooperation and concerted planning among interested parties may lead us to local and regional policies that take into account the above described goals. Thus...