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Association of the MCP-1-2518 A/G Polymorphism and No Association of Its Receptor CCR2-64 V/I Polymorphism with Lupus Nephritis

MALAFRONTE, Patricia; VIEIRA JR., Jose Mauro; PEREIRA, Alexandre Carlos; KRIEGER, Jose Eduardo; BARROS, Rui Toledo; WORONIK, Viktoria
Fonte: J RHEUMATOL PUBL CO Publicador: J RHEUMATOL PUBL CO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
Objective. To evaluate whether the A/G polymorphism at position 2518 in the regulatory region of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) or the V/I polymorphism at position 64 of the receptor. CCR2, are associated with lupus nephritis (LN) or any clinical characteristics of the disease or with renal survival in a patient population. Methods. We selected 197 patients with lupus nephritis and 220 matched healthy controls for study. MCP-1 and CCR2 genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction. Clinical and laboratory data were compiled from patients` charts over followup that ranged from 6 months to 10 years. Results. The GIG genotype of MCP-1 was more common in LN patients (p = 0.019), while the A allele was associated with healthy controls (p = 0.007) as was the V allele of CCR2 (p = 0.046) compared to LN patients. Clinical index measures [SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)], immunological markers, renal histology, renal function at enrollment, and renal survival were not influenced by these polymorphisms. A less aggressive renal disease, measured by renal SLEDAI index, was associated with the V allele of the CCR2 gene polymorphism. Conclusion. These findings support that MCP-1 2518 GIG is associated with LN but there was no association of this genotype with renal function or renal survival. When studying CCR2 64 V/I polymorphism we showed a positive association of the V allele with healthy controls but no association of the genotype with LN patients. (First Release March 152010; J Rheumatol 2010;37:776-82; doi:10.3899/jrheum.090681); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)

The 434(G > C) polymorphism in the eosinophil cationic protein gene and its association with tissue eosinophilia in oral squamous cell carcinomas

PEREIRA, Michele C.; OLIVEIRA, Denise T.; OLIVIERI, Eloisa H. R.; ROGATTO, Silvia R.; CARVALHO, Andre L.; LANDMAN, Gilles; KOWALSKI, Luiz P.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP)-gene polymorphism 434(G > C) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients and its association with tumor-associated tissue eosinophilia (TATE), demographic, clinical, and microscopic variables. Methods: The ECP genotypes of 165 healthy individuals and 157 OSCC patients were detected by PCR-RFLP analysis after cleavage of the amplified DNA sequence with enzyme PstI. TATE was obtained by morphometric analysis. Chi-square test or Fisher`s exact test was used to analyze the association of ECP-gene polymorphism 434(G > C) with TATE, demographic, clinical, and microscopic variables in OSCC patients. Disease-free survival and overall survival were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier product-limit actuarial method and the comparison of the survival curves were performed using log rank test. Results: Most of healthy individuals (53.33%) and OSCC patients (57.97%) were heterozygous for the ECP 434(G > C) polymorphism. Based on numerical differences, our results showed that OSCC patients with intense TATE and at least one C allele had a higher frequency of bilateral neck dissection, local recurrence, vascular embolization, involved resection margins...

Associação do polimorfismo do gene da proteína catiônica eosinofílica com a eosinofilia tecidual associada aos tumores em carcinomas espinocelulares de boca; Association of eosinophil cationic protein gene polymorphism with tumor-associated tissue eosinophilia in oral squamous cell carcinomas

Pereira, Michele Conceição
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
A proteína catiônica eosinofílica (ECP) presente nos grânulos específicos dos eosinófilos apresenta atividade citotóxica, particularmente para células tumorais, entretanto a função exata dos eosinófilos e de seus produtos nas neoplasias malignas continua obscura. O objetivo desse trabalho foi investigar a prevalência do polimorfismo 434(G>C) do gene ECP em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular (CEC) de boca e sua correlação com a eosinofilia tecidual associada aos tumores (TATE), bem como com as características demográficas, clínicas e microscópicas. O genótipo 434 do gene ECP em 165 pacientes saudáveis e em 157 pacientes com CEC de boca, tratados no Hospital do Câncer A.C. Camargo entre 1984 a 2002, foi detectado pela clivagem da seqüência específica de DNA amplificada com a enzima de restrição PstI e análise dos produtos de clivagem pela eletroforese em gel de agarose. A TATE foi determinada por análise morfométrica. A associação entre os genótipos, a intensidade da TATE e as variáveis demográficas, clínicas e microscópicas foi avaliada pelo teste qui-quadrado ou teste exato de Fisher. As análises das sobrevidas global, livre de doença e específica por câncer foram feitas pelo estimador limite de Kaplan-Meier e a comparação das curvas de sobrevida foi realizada utilizando-se o teste log-rank. Notou-se uma predominância dos indivíduos heterozigotos para o polimorfismo 434(G>C) do gene ECP. Nenhuma diferença estatística significativa foi obtida entre os diferentes genótipos...

Influence of eNOS gene polymorphism on cardiometabolic parameters in response to physical training in postmenopausal women

Esposti, R. D.; Sponton, C. H. G.; Malagrino, P. A.; Carvalho, F. C.; Peres, E.; Puga, G. M.; Novais, I. P.; Albuquerque, D. M.; Rodovalho, C.; Bacci, M.; Zanesco, Angelina
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 855-863
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
The health-promoting effects of exercise training (ET) are related to nitric oxide (NO) production and/or its bioavailability. The objective of this study was to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphism of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene at positions -786T>C, G894T (Glu298Asp) and at the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) Intron 4b/a would interfere with the cardiometabolic responses of postmenopausal women submitted to physical training. Forty-nine postmenopausal women were trained in sessions of 30-40 min, 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Genotypes, oxidative stress status and cardiometabolic parameters were then evaluated in a double-blind design. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly reduced after ET, which was genotype-independent. However, women without eNOS gene polymorphism at position -786T>C (TT genotype) and Intron 4b/a (bb genotype) presented a better reduction of total cholesterol levels (-786T>C: before = 213 ± 12.1, after = 159.8 ± 14.4, Δ = -24.9% and Intron 4b/a: before = 211.8 ± 7.4, after = 180.12 ± 6.4 mg/dL, Δ = -15%), and LDL cholesterol (-786T>C: before = 146.1 ± 13.3, after = 82.8 ± 9.2, Δ = -43.3% and Intron 4b/a: before = 143.2 ± 8, after = 102.7 ± 5.8 mg/dL...

Women with TT genotype for eNOS gene are more responsive in lowering blood pressure in response to exercise

Sponton, Carlos H. G.; Rezende, Tiago M.; Mallagrino, Pamella A.; Franco-Penteado, Carla F.; Bezerra, Marcos Andre C.; Zanesco, Angelina
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 676-681
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate whether -786T > C endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphism might influence the effect of long-term exercise training (ET) on the blood pressure and its relationship with NO production in healthy postmenopausal women. Design Longitudinal study.Method Fifty-five postmenopausal women were studied in a double-blinded design. ET was performed for 3 days a week, each session consisting of 60 min during 6 months, in an intensity of 50-70% VO(2max). After that, eNOS genotype analysis was performed and women were divided into two groups: TC + CC (n = 41) and TT (n = 14) genotype.Results No changes were found in the anthropometric parameters after ET in both the groups. Systolic and diastolic BP values were significantly reduced in both the groups, but women with TT genotype were more responsive in lowering BP as compared with those with TC + CC genotype. Plasma nitrite/nitrate concentrations were similar at baseline in both the groups, but the magnitude of increment in NO production in response to ET was higher in women with TT genotype as compared with those with TC + CC genotype.Conclusion Our study shows clearly that women with or without eNOS gene polymorphism had no differences in NO production at basal conditions...

The 844ins68 cystathionine beta-synthase and C677T MTHFR gene polymorphism and the vaso-occlusive event risk in sickle cell disease

Jacob, Maza Alves; Bastos, Celso da Cunha; Bonini-Domingos, Claudia Regina
Fonte: Termedia Publishing House Ltd Publicador: Termedia Publishing House Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 97-101
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Introduction: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inflammatory condition with an increase in the adhesion of sickled erythrocytes, and it is a potential cause of vaso-occlusive episodes, an event related to clinical manifestations, morbidity and mortality. The cystathionine beta-synthase enzyme gene (CBS) and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase enzyme gene (MTHFR) are risk factors for thromboembolic disorders. This study evaluated the frequency of the 844ins68 CBS and C677T MTHFR gene polymorphisms and their possibility to be risk factors for vaso-occlusive crises.Material and methods: In total 91 blood samples from SCD patients were studied by PCR-RFLP and PCR-allele-specific, for the SCD genotype confirmation and polymorphism identification.Results: The presence of clinical manifestations related to vaso-occlusive crises were more frequent among patients with the Hb SS genotype (p = 0.007). The CBS enzyme gene was three times more frequent (p = 0.011) among patients with vaso-occlusive complications. The MTHFR gene mutation frequency showed no increased risk for vaso-occlusive crises in SCD patients (p = 0.193). The interaction between the two polymorphisms was evaluated in 12.08% of the SCD patients and doubled the vaso-occlusive disease risk (relative risk: 2.16).Conclusions: We conclude that the presence of 844ins68 CBS and C677T MTHFR gene polymorphism was a risk factor for vaso-occlusive episodes in the SCD patients evaluated.

Effect of exercise training on the cardiovascular and biochemical parameters in women with eNOS gene polymorphism

Rezende, Tiago M.; Sponton, Carlos H.G.; Malagrino, Pamella A.; Bezerra, Marcos A.C.; Penteado, Carla F.F.; Zanesco, Angelina
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 265-269
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
Context: Presence of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphism has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) whereas exercise training (EX) promotes beneficial effects on CVD which is related to increased nitric oxide levels (NO). Objective: To evaluate if women with eNOS gene polymorphism at position-G894T would be less responsive to EX than those who did not carry T allele. Methods: Women were trained 3 days/week, 40 minutes session during 6 months. Cardio-biochemical parameters and genetic analysis were performed in a double-blind fashion. Results: Plasma NOx - levels were similar in both groups at baseline (GG genotype: 18.44±3.28 μM) and (GT + TT genotype: 17.19±2.43 μM) and after EX (GG: 29.20±4.33 and GT+TT: 27.38±3.12 μM). A decrease in blood pressure was also observed in both groups. Discussion and conclusion: The presence of eNOS polymorphism does not affect the beneficial effects of EX in women. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.

Prevalence of the polymorphism MTHFR A1298C and not MTHFR C677T is related to chromosomal aneuploidy in Brazilian Turner Syndrome patients

Oliveira,Kelly Cristina de; Bianco,Bianca; Verreschi,Ieda T. N.; Guedes,Alexis Dourado; Galera,Bianca Borsato; Galera,Marcial Francis; Barbosa,Caio P.; Lipay,Monica Vannucci Nunes
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctions in the folate metabolism can result in DNA hypomethylation and abnormal chromosome segregation. Two common polymorphisms of this enzyme (C677T and A1298C) reduce its activity, but when associated with aneuploidy studies the results are conflicting. The objective of the present study is to analyze the MTHFR gene polymorphisms in women with Turner Syndrome and in a control group, correlating the findings to the chromosomal aneuploidy. METHODS: The study comprised 140 patients with Turner Syndrome, of which 36 with chromosome mosaicism and 104 non-mosaics, and a control group of 209 fertile and healthy women without a history of any offspring with aneuploidy. Polymorphisms C677T and A1298C were studied by RFLP-PCR and the results were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The frequency of genotypes MTHFR 677CC, 677CT and 677TT in the patients with Turner Syndrome and chromosome mosaicism was, respectively, 58.3%, 38.9% and 2.8%. Among the patients with non-mosaic Turner Syndrome, 47.1% presented genotype 677CC, 45.2% genotype 677CT, and 7.7% genotype 677TT. Among the 209 individuals of the control group, genotypes 677CC, 677CT and 677TT were found at the following frequencies: 48.3%, 42.1% and 9.6%, respectively. As for polymorphism A1298C...

Is there an association between T102C polymorphism of the serotonin receptor 2A gene and urinary incontinence?

Schwanke,C.H.A.; Bittencourt,L.; Noronha,J.A.P.; Augustin,S.A.J.; Jung,I.E.; Cruz,I.B.M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
The regulation of bladder function is influenced by central serotonergic modulation. Several genetic polymorphisms related to serotonin control have been described in the literature. T102C polymorphism of the serotonin receptor 2A gene (5-HT2A) has been shown to be associated with certain diseases such as non-fatal acute myocardial infarction, essential hypertension, and alcoholism. In the present study, we examined the association between 5-HT2A gene polymorphism and urinary incontinence in the elderly. A case-control study was performed in 298 elderly community dwellers enrolled in the Gravataí-GENESIS Project, Brazil, which studies gene-environmental interactions in aging and age-related diseases. Clinical, physical, biochemical, and molecular analyses were performed on volunteers. 5-HT2A genotyping was determined by PCR-RFLP techniques using the HpaII restriction enzyme. The subjects had a mean age of 68.05 ± 6.35 years (60-100 years), with 16.9% males and 83.1% females. The C allele frequency was 0.494 and the T allele frequency was 0.506. The CC genotype frequency was 21.78%, the CT genotype frequency was 55.24% and the TT genotype frequency was 22.98%. We found an independent significant association between the TT genotype (35.7%) and urinary incontinence (OR = 2.06...

Influence of eNOS gene polymorphism on cardiometabolic parameters in response to physical training in postmenopausal women

Esposti,R.D.; Sponton,C.H.G.; Malagrino,P.A.; Carvalho,F.C.; Peres,E.; Puga,G.M.; Novais,I.P.; Albuquerque,D.M.; Rodovalho,C.; Bacci,M.; Zanesco,A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
The health-promoting effects of exercise training (ET) are related to nitric oxide (NO) production and/or its bioavailability. The objective of this study was to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphism of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene at positions -786T>C, G894T (Glu298Asp) and at the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) Intron 4b/a would interfere with the cardiometabolic responses of postmenopausal women submitted to physical training. Forty-nine postmenopausal women were trained in sessions of 30-40 min, 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Genotypes, oxidative stress status and cardiometabolic parameters were then evaluated in a double-blind design. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly reduced after ET, which was genotype-independent. However, women without eNOS gene polymorphism at position -786T>C (TT genotype) and Intron 4b/a (bb genotype) presented a better reduction of total cholesterol levels (-786T>C: before = 213 ± 12.1, after = 159.8 ± 14.4, Δ = -24.9% and Intron 4b/a: before = 211.8 ± 7.4, after = 180.12 ± 6.4 mg/dL, Δ = -15%), and LDL cholesterol (-786T>C: before = 146.1 ± 13.3, after = 82.8 ± 9.2, Δ = -43.3% and Intron 4b/a: before = 143.2 ± 8, after = 102.7 ± 5.8 mg/dL...

Cytochrome P450c17alpha (CYP17) gene polymorphism is not associated with leiomyoma susceptibility

Yao-Yuan,Hsieh; Fuu-Jen,Tsai; Chi-Chen,Chang; Chang-Hai,Tsai; Cheng-Chieh,Lin; Lian-Shun,Yeh
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
Estrogen plays a role in the pathogenesis of leiomyoma. The CYP17 gene codes for the cytochrome P450c17alpha enzyme, which is involved in the biosynthesis of estrogen. Our aim was to investigate if CYP17 polymorphism could be a useful marker to predict the susceptibility to leiomyoma. Our sample of female subjects was divided into two groups: (1) with leiomyoma (n = 159); (2) without leiomyoma (n = 128). A 169-bp fragment encompassing the A1/A2 polymorphic site of the CYP17 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), restricted by enzyme MspA1I and electrophored on agarose gel. Genotypes and allelic frequencies for this polymorphism in both groups were compared. There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding the distribution of the CYP17 gene polymorphism frequencies. The A1 homozygote/heterozygote/A2 homozygote proportions for CYP17 in both groups were: (1) 17.0/46.5/36.5%, and (2) 17.2/45.3/37.5%. The proportions for alleles A1 and A2 were also comparable in the two groups. A1 and A2 allele frequencies were: 7% (40.3/59) in group 1, and 2% (39.8/60) in group 2. No significant association was observed between the risk of leiomyoma and polymorphisms of the CYP 17 gene. So, CYP17 gene polymorphism does not appear to be a useful marker for the prediction of leiomyoma susceptibility.

Bovine kappa-casein gene polymorphism and its association with milk production traits

Rachagani,Satyanarayana; Gupta,Ishwar Dayal
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
Point mutations in exon IV of the bovine κ-casein (CSN3) gene determine two allelic variants, A and B. These variants were distinguished by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis in the indigenous Sahiwal and Tharparkar cattle breeds. DNA samples (252 Sahiwal and 56 Tharparkar) were analyzed for allelic variants of the CSN3 gene. Polymorphism was detected by digestion of PCR-amplified products with HindIII, HhaI and HaeIII restriction enzymes, followed by separation on 3% agarose gels, and resolved by ethidium bromide staining. Allele A of the κ-casein gene occurred at a higher frequency than allele B, in both Sahiwal and Tharparkar breeds. The genotypic frequencies of AA, AB, and BB in the Sahiwal and Tharparkar breeds were 0.758, 0.230 and 0.012, and 0.0.732, 0.250 and 0.018, respectively. The frequencies of alleles A and B in the Sahiwal and Tharparkar breeds were 0.873 and 0.127, and 0.857 and 0.143, respectively. Genotype BB of the kappa-casein gene had more influence on the monthly milk yield, 305-days milk yield, monthly solids-not-fat (SNF) yield, and monthly protein yield, in the Sahiwal cattle.

Association of manganese superoxide dismutase gene polymorphism (Ala-9Val) and breast cancer in males and females

Bica,Claudia Giuliano; Cruz,Ivana Beatrice Mânica da; Silva,Leonardo Leiria de Moura da; Toscani,Nadima Vieira; Zettler,Cláudio Galleano; Graudenz,Márcia Silveira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.08%
INTRODUCTION: One of the several metabolic pathways involved in breast carcinogenesis is the human polymorphism in the mitochondrial targeting sequence Ala-9Val of the manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene, which has been previously associated with increased risk of breast cancer in females. Since there is no previous report on this polymorphism in male breast cancer, the objective of this study is to analyze MnSOD polymorphism in a population of males and females with breast cancer from the southernmost state of Brazil, compared to healthy controls. METHODS: A case-control study of one hundred patients affected by breast cancer (11 men and 89 women) and 370 healthy age-adjusted database controls was performed. DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded tumoral tissue. MnSOD polymorphism was determined by PCR-RFLP techniques using restriction enzyme Hae III. Chi-square test was used to compare MnSOD frequency distribution. RESULTS: MnSOD genotypic frequencies in all patients with breast cancer were AA = 15%; AV = 56%; VV = 29% and controls AA = 6.5%; AV = 68.1% and VV = 25.4%. Both male and female patients with breast cancer presented significantly higher AA frequencies compared to controls (p = 0.035), suggesting strong association of this genotype with breast cancer. A 2.15-fold (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.393-4.541) risk of breast cancer was found among individuals carrying the MnSOD AA allele-containing genotypes compared with the MnSOD VV and AV genotypes. DISCUSSION: These results confirm the already established association of MnSOD AA genotype with female breast cancer and further indicate a similar frequency distribution and increased risk in the male population.

Analysis of the association between lactotransferrin (LTF) gene polymorphism and dental caries

Azevedo,Luiza Foltran; Pecharki,Giovana Daniela; Brancher,João Armando; Cordeiro Junior,Carlos Alberto; Medeiros,Kamilla Gabriella dos Santos; Antunes,Alessandra Armstrong; Arruda,Eduardo Silva; Werneck,Renata Iani; Azevedo,Luciana Reis de; Mazur,Rui Fer
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the association between lactotransferrin (LTF) gene polymorphism (exon 2, A/G, Lys/Arg) and dental caries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 110 individuals, 12 years old, was divided into: group 1, 48 individuals without caries experience (DMFT=0), and group 2, 62 subjects with caries experience (DMFT>1). DNA was obtained from a mouthwash with 3% glucose solution, followed by a scrapping of the oral mucosa. After DNA purification, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) was performed to access the study polymorphism. The LTF A/G (Lys/Arg) polymorphism had been previously reported as located in exon 1. RESULTS: Allele 1 of the study polymorphism was associated with low DMFT index and showed a protective effect against caries experience (OR=0.16, IC=0.03-0.76, p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Lactotransferrin A/G (exon 2, Lys/Arg) polymorphism was associated with susceptibility to dental caries in 12-year-old students.

Influence of IL-1 gene polymorphism on the periodontal microbiota of HIV-infected Brazilian individuals

Gonçalves,Lucio de Souza; Ferreira,Sônia Maria Soares; Souza,Celso Oliveira; Colombo,Ana Paula Vieira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.11%
This study investigated the association of IL-1A (+4845) and IL-1B (+3954) gene polymorphism with the subgingival microbiota and periodontal status of HIV-infected Brazilian individuals on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). One hundred and five subjects were included in the study, distributed into 2 HIV groups [29 chronic periodontitis (CP+) and 30 periodontally healthy (H+)]; and 2 non-HIV groups (29 CP- and 17 H- patients). IL-1A and B were genotyped by PCR and restriction enzyme digestion. Thirty-three bacterial species were detected by checkerboard. Overall, we observed a prevalence of the allele 2 in the IL1-A and IL-1B polymorphism at 30.5% and 25.7%, respectively. Only 11.4% of all patients were composite genotype-positive, and 75% of those were HIV-infected. No significant associations between polymorphism of the IL-1 gene and periodontitis or HIV infection were observed. Likewise, no significant differences in the frequency and counts of any bacterial species were found between individuals with and without allele 2 (IL-1A or IL-1B). The data indicated that the IL-1 gene polymorphism is neither associated with periodontal destruction nor with high levels of subgingival species, including putative periodontal pathogens in HIV Brazilian individuals on HAART.

Frequency of the mdr-1 C>T gene polymorphism in patients with COPD

Dogan,Ömer Tamer; Katrancioglu,Nurkay; Karahan,Ouz; Sanli,Gülizar Canan; Zorlu,Ali; Manduz,Şinasi
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The multi-drug resistant-1 (MDR-1) gene is located on human chromosome 7 and encodes a glycosylated membrane protein that is a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporters superfamily. The aim of the study was to reveal the role of the C3435T MDR-1 gene polymorphism in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHOD: DNA samples from 41 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 50 healthy control participants were used to compare MDR-1 gene profiles. Genotyping assays were performed using the StripAssay technique that is based on reverse-hybridization. RESULTS: The T allele polymorphism in the MDR-1 gene located at position 3435 in exon 26 was shown to correlate with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. CONCLUSION: These preliminary results suggest that the T allele polymorphism of the MDR-1 gene is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Avaliação do polimorfismo 'RS10490924' do gene 'LOC387715' em uma população brasileira com degeneração macular relacionada à idade; Assessment of the 'LOC387715' gene polymorphism 'RS10490924' in a brazilian population with age-related macular degeneration

Fabio Endo Hirata
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/06/2015 PT
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56.12%
Introdução: A degeneração macular relacionada à idade (DMRI) é uma doença crônica degenerativa que afeta a área macular da retina causando diminuição da visão central. É a causa mais comum de perda visual irreversível nos países desenvolvidos. A DMRI é caracterizada pela presença de drusas, anormalidades do epitélio pigmentar da retina (EPR), atrofia geográfica, descolamento do EPR, neovascularização de coróide e cicatriz disciforme. Sua etiologia permanece pouco esclarecida, entretanto fatores genéticos associados a fatores ambientais possuem papel na etiologia e na progressão da doença. Dentre as variações gênicas, uma associação entre o polimorfismo Ala69Ser do gene LOC387715/ARMS2 ( rs10490924 C/T ) e o desenvolvimento da DMRI tem sido relatada em diferentes populações. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se o polimorfismo rs10490924 está associado com a DMRI em uma amostra da população brasileira. Métodos: Cento e vinte e seis pacientes, sem parentesco, com DMRI (idade média de 74,17 ± 7,64) foram comparados com 86 controles saudáveis (idade média 71,82 ± 7,12). Os sujeitos do estudo foram classificados de acordo com o tipo de DMRI em DMRI seca e DMRI exsudativa. O polimorfismo LOC387715/ARMS2 rs10490924 foi avaliado através da reação em cadeia da polimerase e sequenciamento direto. Resultados: A frequência do alelo T foi significativamente maior em pacientes com DMRI do que nos controles (39...

Analysis of the association between lactotransferrin (LTF) gene polymorphism and dental caries

Azevedo, Luiza Foltran; Pecharki, Giovana Daniela; Brancher, João Armando; Cordeiro Junior, Carlos Alberto; Medeiros, Kamilla Gabriella dos Santos; Antunes, Alessandra Armstrong; Arruda, Eduardo Silva; Werneck, Renata Iani; Azevedo, Luciana Reis de; Mazu
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2010 ENG
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OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the association between lactotransferrin (LTF) gene polymorphism (exon 2, A/G, Lys/Arg) and dental caries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 110 individuals, 12 years old, was divided into: group 1, 48 individuals without caries experience (DMFT=0), and group 2, 62 subjects with caries experience (DMFT>;1). DNA was obtained from a mouthwash with 3% glucose solution, followed by a scrapping of the oral mucosa. After DNA purification, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) was performed to access the study polymorphism. The LTF A/G (Lys/Arg) polymorphism had been previously reported as located in exon 1. RESULTS: Allele 1 of the study polymorphism was associated with low DMFT index and showed a protective effect against caries experience (OR=0.16, IC=0.03-0.76, p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Lactotransferrin A/G (exon 2, Lys/Arg) polymorphism was associated with susceptibility to dental caries in 12-year-old students.

Frequency of the mdr-1 C>;T gene polymorphism in patients with COPD

Dogan, Ömer Tamer; Katrancioglu, Nurkay; Karahan, Ouz; Sanli, Gülizar Canan; Zorlu, Ali; Manduz, Şinasi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 ENG
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56.1%
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The multi-drug resistant-1 (MDR-1) gene is located on human chromosome 7 and encodes a glycosylated membrane protein that is a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporters superfamily. The aim of the study was to reveal the role of the C3435T MDR-1 gene polymorphism in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHOD: DNA samples from 41 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 50 healthy control participants were used to compare MDR-1 gene profiles. Genotyping assays were performed using the StripAssay technique that is based on reverse-hybridization. RESULTS: The T allele polymorphism in the MDR-1 gene located at position 3435 in exon 26 was shown to correlate with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. CONCLUSION: These preliminary results suggest that the T allele polymorphism of the MDR-1 gene is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Angiotensin II type 1 receptor A1166C GENE polymorphism and essential hypertension in San Luis

Lapierre,Alicia Viviana; Arce,María Elena; Lopez,José Raúl; Ciuffo,Gladys María
Fonte: Biocell Publicador: Biocell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 EN
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Essential hypertension is considered a multifactorial trait resulting from a combination of environmental and genetic factors. The angiotensin II type 1 receptor mediates the vasoconstrictor and growthpromoting effects of Ang II. The A1166C polymorphism of the AT1 receptor gene may be associated with cardiovascular phenotypes, such as high arterial blood pressure, aortic stiffness, and increased cardiovascular risk. We investigated the association between this A1166C polymorphism and hypertension in hypertense and normotense subjects from San Luis (Argentina) by mismatch PCR-RFLP analysis. Hypertense patients exhibited significant increases in lipid related values and body mass index. The frequency of occurrence of the C1166 allele was higher among patients with hypertension (0.19) than in the control group (0.06). No significant association was found between this polymorphism and essential hypertension in the study population, although the AC genotype prevalence was higher in patients with hypertension and positive family history of hypertension (32%) than in control subjects (12%). Patients with the A1166C polymorphism exhibited higher levels of serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and BMI than in control subjects. Taken together the genotype and biochemical parameters and considering the restrictive selection criteria used...