peer-reviewed; The amateur-professional debate is a recurrent theme within the Gaelic Athletic
Association (GAA). This exploratory study reviews the literature in terms of the
preconditions to and the implications of professionalism in sport, with specific
reference to both rugby union and soccer. This review provides the framework for the
discussion on the key issues pertaining to the debate using qualitative analysis of
semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders, namely, senior inter-County
players, senior administrators and executive members of the Gaelic Players
In addition to payment for play, the research identifies and discusses the attitudes and
opinions of the participants on other important aspects which are relevant to the
debate; these include firstly, broken-time payments and shamateurism,
commercialisation and sponsorship; secondly, the structural implications, particularly,
player contracts and transfers; the implications for the club; thirdly, the role of
players’ association; fourthly, the role of the GPA within the amateur-professional
debate; and finally a review of amateurism. The results of the research highlight that
the aforementioned aspects are central to the amateur-professional debate within an
indigenous sports organisation. The research identifies that professionalism within the
GAA cannot be examined solely in terms of direct payment to the players.
This dissertation explores the place of Irish-Gaelic language (Gaeilge) television and film media in the lives of youths living in the urban greater Dublin metropolitan area in the Republic of Ireland. By many accounts, there has been a Gaeilge renaissance underway in recent times. The number of Gaeilge-medium primary and secondary schools (Gaelscoileanna) has grown throughout the 1990s and into the twenty-first century, the year 2003 saw the passage of the Official Languages Act (laying the groundwork to assure all public services would be made available in Gaeilge as well as English), and as of January 2007 Gaeilge has become a working language of the European Union. Importantly, a Gaeilge television station (TG4) was established in 1996. This development has increased the amount of Gaeilge media significantly, and that television and film media is increasingly being utilized in Gaeilge classrooms.
The research for this dissertation was based on a year of fieldwork conducted in Dublin, Ireland. The primary methodology was semi-structured interviews with teenage second-level-school students who were enrolled in compulsory Gaeilge classes at two schools in the greater Dublin area. Simultaneous examination of social discourses...